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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723674/nanoparticles-and-female-reproductive-system-how-do-nanoparticles-affect-oogenesis-and-embryonic-development
#1
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Along with the increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in many walks of life, environmental exposure to NPs has raised considerable health concerns. When NPs enter a pregnant woman's body through inhalation, venous injection, ingestion or skin permeation, maternal toxic stress reactions such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, apoptosis and endocrine dyscrasia are induced in different organs, particularly in the reproductive organs. Recent studies have shown that NPs disturb the developing oocyte by invading the protective barrier of theca cells, granulosa cell layers and zona pellucida...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714246/carbon-nanodot-sensitized-modulation-of-alzheimer-s-%C3%AE-amyloid-self-assembly-disassembly-and-toxicity
#2
You Jung Chung, Kayoung Kim, Byung Il Lee, Chan Beum Park
The self-assembly of amyloidogenic peptides into β-sheet-rich aggregates is a general feature of many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, which signifies the need for the effective attenuation of amyloid aggregation toward alleviating amyloid-associated neurotoxicity. This study reports that photoluminescent carbon nanodots (CDs) can effectively suppress Alzheimer's β-amyloid (Aβ) self-assembly and function as a β-sheet breaker disintegrating preformed Aβ aggregates. This study synthesizes CDs using ammonium citrate through one-pot hydrothermal treatment and passivates their surface with branched polyethylenimine (bPEI)...
July 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709104/biological-attenuation-of-arsenic-and-iron-in-a-continuous-flow-bioreactor-treating-acid-mine-drainage-amd
#3
L Fernandez-Rojo, M Héry, P Le Pape, C Braungardt, A Desoeuvre, E Torres, V Tardy, E Resongles, E Laroche, S Delpoux, C Joulian, F Battaglia-Brunet, J Boisson, G Grapin, G Morin, C Casiot
Passive water treatments based on biological attenuation can be effective for arsenic-rich acid mine drainage (AMD). However, the key factors driving the biological processes involved in this attenuation are not well-known. Here, the efficiency of arsenic (As) removal was investigated in a bench-scale continuous flow channel bioreactor treating As-rich AMD (∼30-40 mg L(-1)). In this bioreactor, As removal proceeds via the formation of biogenic precipitates consisting of iron- and arsenic-rich mineral phases encrusting a microbial biofilm...
June 22, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692805/stability-scale-up-and-performance-of-quantum-dot-solar-cells-with-carbonate-treated-titanium-oxide-films
#4
P Naresh Kumar, Ankita Kolay, Melepurath Deepa, Sonnada Math Shivaprasad, Avanish Kumar Srivastava
A novel yet simple approach of carbonate (CBN) treatment of TiO2 films is performed, and quantum dot solar cells (QDSCs) with high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs), reasonably good stabilities, and good fill factors (FFs) are fabricated with TiO2-CBN films. The ability of carbonate groups to passivate defects or oxygen vacancies of TiO2 is confirmed from a nominally enhanced band gap, a lowered defect induced fluorescence intensity, an additional Ti-OH signal obtained after carbonate decomposition, and a more capacitive low frequency electrochemical impedance behavior achieved for TiO2-CBN compared to untreated TiO2...
July 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692280/revealing-nanoscale-passivation-and-corrosion-mechanisms-of-reactive-battery-materials-in-gas-environments
#5
Yuzhang Li, Yanbin Li, Yongming Sun, Benjamin Butz, Kai Yan, Ai Leen Koh, Jie Zhao, Allen Pei, Yi Cui
Lithium (Li) metal is a high-capacity anode material (3,860 mAh g-1) that can enable high-energy batteries for electric vehicles and grid-storage applications. However, Li metal is highly reactive and repeatedly consumed when exposed to liquid electrolyte (during battery operation) or the ambient environment (throughout battery manufacturing). Studying these corrosion reactions on the nanoscale is especially difficult due to the high chemical reactivity of both Li metal and its surface corrosion films. Here, we directly generate pure Li metal inside an environmental transmission electron microscope (TEM), revealing the nanoscale passivation and corrosion process of Li metal in oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2), and water vapor (H2O)...
July 10, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686793/learning-and-memory-effects-of-neonatal-methamphetamine-exposure-in-rats-role-of-reactive-oxygen-species-and-age-at-assessment
#6
Sarah A Jablonski, Michael T Williams, Charles V Vorhees
In utero methamphetamine (MA) exposure leads to a range of adverse effects, such as decreased attention, reduced working-memory capability, behavioral dysregulation, and spatial memory impairments in exposed children. In the current experiment, preweaning Sprague-Dawley rats, as a model of third trimester human exposure, were administered the spin trapping agent, N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN), daily prior to MA. Rats were given 0 (SAL) or 40 mg/kg PBN prior to each MA dose (10 mg/kg, 4x per day) from postnatal day (P) 6-15...
July 7, 2017: Synapse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686441/a-direct-alcohol-fuel-cell-driven-by-an-outer-sphere-positive-electrode
#7
Zahid Manzoor Bhat, Ravikumar Thimmappa, Mruthyunjayachari Chattanahalli Devendrachari, Shahid Pottachola Shafi, Shambhulinga Aralekallu, Alagar Raja Kottaichamy, Manu Gautam, Musthafa Ottakam Thotiyl
Molecular oxygen, the conventional electron acceptor in fuel cells poses challenges specific to direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). Due to the coupling of alcohol dehydrogenation with the scission of oxygen on the positive electrode during the alcohol crossover, the benchmark Pt-based air cathode experiences severe competition and depolarization losses. The necessity of heavy precious metal loading with domains for alcohol tolerance in the state of the art DAFC cathode is a direct consequence of this. Though efforts are dedicated to selectively cleave oxygen, the root of the problem being the inner sphere nature of either half-cell chemistry is often overlooked...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680039/improved-energetic-behaviors-of-spontaneously-surface-mediated-al-particles
#8
Dong Won Kim, Kyung Tae Kim, Tae Sik Min, Kyung Ju Kim, Soo Hyung Kim
Surface-mediated Al particles are synthesized by incorporating the stable fluoride reaction of Al-F on a pure Al surface in place of natural oxides. Al particles with fluoro-polymer directly adsorbed on the surface show a considerable capability to overcome limitations caused by the surface oxide. Here, we report that Al fluoride when spontaneously formed at the poly(vinylidene fluoride)/Al interface serves as an oxidation-protecting layer while also providing an efficient combustion path along which the internal Al rapidly reacts with external oxygen atoms...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679682/normobaric-hypoxic-conditioning-to-maximise-weight-loss-and-ameliorate-cardio-metabolic-health-in-obese-populations-a-systematic-review
#9
Liam Gray Hobbins, Steve Hunter, Nadia Gaoua, Olivier Girard
Normobaric hypoxic conditioning (HC) denotes exposure to hypoxia at rest (passive) or combined with exercise (active). HC has been applied acutely (single exposure) and chronically (repeated exposure) to obese populations for managing/increasing cardio-metabolic health and weight loss. Cardio-metabolic health and weight loss responses of obese populations in response to passive and active HC are unclear. A systematic search for articles published between 2000-2017 was carried out. Studies investigating the effects of HC for improving cardio-metabolic health and weight loss of obese populations were included...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665430/concurrent-fast-growth-of-sub-centimeter-single-crystal-graphene-with-controlled-nucleation-density-in-a-confined-channel
#10
Ruizhe Wu, Jie Pan, Xuewu Ou, Qicheng Zhang, Yao Ding, Ping Sheng, Zhengtang Luo
The synthesis of large-domain-sized graphene requires a low nucleation density, which inevitably leads to a reduced growth rate. To achieve both a large domain size and high growth rate, we designed a simple channel structure that allowed us to control the nucleation density by tuning the flow dynamics and by introducing an additional catalyst inside to control the growth kinetics at the same time. The designed channel structure plays three roles in the growth of graphene: (1) it retains oxygen to passivate the active nucleation sites; (2) it restricts the mass transfer of CH4 to control the supersaturation for nucleation; and (3) it provides additional catalytic sites for the decomposition of CH4 to boost the graphene growth rate...
July 13, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659307/passive-regeneration-of-glutathione-glutathione-reductase-regulation-from-the-freeze-tolerant-north-american-wood-frog-rana-sylvatica
#11
Neal J Dawson, Kenneth B Storey
Wood frogs inhabit a broad range across North America, extending from the southern tip of the Appalachian Mountains to the northern boreal forest. Remarkably they can survive the winter in a frozen state, where as much as 70% of their body water is converted into ice. During the frozen state, their hearts cease to pump blood, causing their cells to experience ischemia which can dramatically increase the production of reactive oxygen species produced within the cell. To overcome this, wood frogs have elevated levels of glutathione, a primary antioxidant...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650607/self-diffusion-driven-ultrafast-detection-of-ppm-level-nitroaromatic-pollutants-in-aqueous-media-using-a-hydrophilic-fluorescent-paper-sensor
#12
Wei Lu, Jiawei Zhang, Youju Huang, Patrick Théato, Qing Huang, Tao Chen
Development of fluorescent film probes for toxic nitroaromatic compound pollutants (NACs) such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in real water samples implies broad applications in environmental and industrial safety control. Despite many recent advances, there are still some difficult challenges facing this area, for example, the restricted sensitivity and long response time caused by hindered and slow diffusion of aqueous NACs samples inside a dense, solid film. Hence, we report herein a robust fluorescent paper sensor with improved sensing abilities, which is prepared by absorbing hydrophilic pyrene-functionalized polymer uniformly into cellulose-based filter papers...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648417/effect-of-heart-failure-reversal-treatment-as-add-on-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-randomized-open-label-study
#13
Rohit Sane, Abhijeet Aklujkar, Atul Patil, Rahul Mandole
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to evaluate effect of heart failure reversal therapy (HFRT) using herbal procedure (panchakarma) and allied therapies, as add-on to standard CHF treatment (SCT) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: This open-label, randomized study conducted in CHF patients (aged: 25-65 years, ejection fraction: 30-65%), had 3-phases: 1-week screening, 6-week treatment (randomized [1:1] to HFRT+SCT or SCT-alone) and follow-up (12-week)...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642346/detergent-induced-self-assembly-and-controllable-photosensitizer-activity-of-diester-phenylene-ethynylenes
#14
Patrick L Donabedian, Matthew N Creyer, Florencia A Monge, Kirk S Schanze, Eva Y Chi, David G Whitten
Photodynamic therapy, in which malignant tissue is killed by targeted light exposure following administration of a photosensitizer, can be a valuable treatment modality but currently relies on passive transport and local irradiation to avoid off-target oxidation. We present a system of excited-state control for truly local delivery of singlet oxygen. An anionic phenylene ethynylene oligomer is initially quenched by water, producing minimal fluorescence and no measurable singlet oxygen generation. When presented with a binding partner, in this case an oppositely charged surfactant, changes in solvent microenvironment result in fluorescence unquenching, restoration of intersystem crossing to the triplet state, and singlet oxygen generation, as assayed by transient absorption spectroscopy and chemical trapping...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640632/gut-microbiota-nitric-oxide-and-microglia-as-prerequisites-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#15
Joyce K Y Tse
Regulating fluctuating endogenous nitric oxide (NO) levels is necessary for proper physiological functions. Aberrant NO pathways are implicated in a number of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease. The mechanism of NO in oxidative and nitrosative stress with pathological consequences involves reactions with reactive oxygen species (e.g., superoxide) to form the highly reactive peroxynitrite, hydrogen peroxide, hypochloride ions and hydroxyl radical. NO levels are typically regulated by endogenous nitric oxide synthases (NOS), and inflammatory iNOS is implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, in which elevated NO mediates axonal degeneration and activates cyclooxygenases to provoke neuroinflammation...
July 7, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631472/phosphate-shifted-oxygen-reduction-pathway-on-fe-fe2o3-core-shell-nanowires-for-enhanced-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-and-aerobic-4-chlorophenol-degradation
#16
Yi Mu, Zhihui Ai, Lizhi Zhang
Phosphate ions widely exist in the environment. Previous studies revealed that the adsorption of phosphate ions on nanoscale zerovalent iron would generate a passivating oxide shell to block reactive sites and thus decrease the direct pollutant reduction reactivity of zerovalent iron. Given that molecular oxygen activation process is different from direct pollutant reduction with nanoscale zerovalent iron, it is still unclear how phosphate ions will affect molecular oxygen activation and reactive oxygen species generation with nanoscale zerovalent iron...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625256/-comparison-of-effect-of-norepinephrine-and-terlipressin-on-patients-with-ards-combined-with-septic-shock-a-prospective-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Zhi Chen, Ping Zhou, Yuanhua Lu, Chunli Yang
OBJECTIVE: To approach the effect of different vasopressor on hemodynamics, volume responsiveness, fluid volume balance, renal function and prognosis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) complicated with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. ARDS patients with septic shock admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital from January 1st, 2015 to May 1st, 2016 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617689/paracellular-transport-and-energy-utilization-in-the-renal-tubule
#18
Alan S L Yu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Paracellular transport across the tight junction is a general mechanism for transepithelial transport of solutes in epithelia, including the renal tubule. However, why paracellular transport evolved, given the existence of a highly versatile system for transcellular transport, is unknown. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have identified the paracellular channel, claudin-2, that is responsible for paracellular reabsorption of sodium in the proximal renal tubule...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601340/pilot-scale-evaluation-of-semi-passive-treatment-technologies-for-the-treatment-of-septage-under-temperate-climate-conditions
#19
Christine Gan, Pascale Champagne, Geof Hall
Population growth in rural Canada has resulted in an increase in municipal septage generation, which could overload existing treatment facilities that rely on biological treatment approaches. To address concerns associated with potential shock loading of these systems, three semi-passive wastewater treatment technologies were compared at the pilot-scale to identify a suitable approach to augment the capacity of an existing wastewater stabilization pond facility in rural Ontario. Two of these technologies, the BioDome and BioCord systems, were commercially available systems that make use of biofilm technology to improve treatment performance and enhance the robustness to temperature and hydraulic loading fluctuations...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599393/hepar-uterinum-a-history-of-ideas-on-fetal-nutrition
#20
Michael Obladen
The means of fetal nutrition has been debated for over two millennia, with the controversy of oral versus parenteral nutrition already in the Corpus Hippocraticum. In 1587 Aranzio rejected connections between maternal and fetal blood vessels, and coined the term "hepar uterinum" for the placenta. From the 16th to the 18th century, a fervent debate focused on the type and extent of connection between maternal and fetal vessels, which was finally settled by Hunter's injection experiment in 1774. But up to the middle of the 19th century, an important nutritive function was attributed to amniotic fluid...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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