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supraglottic airway

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756056/spring-recoil-and-supraglottic-airway-devices-lessons-from-the-law-of-conservation-of-energy
#1
EDITORIAL
Massimiliano Sorbello, Ivana Zdravkovic, Rita Cataldo, Ida Di Giacinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752776/influence-of-prehospital-airway-management-on-neurological-outcome-in-patients-transferred-to-a-heart-attack-centre-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
Timothy Edwards, Julia Williams, Michaela Cottee
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between prehospital airway management and neurological outcomes in patients transferred by the ambulance service directly to a heart attack centre (HAC) post-return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study in which ambulance records were reviewed to determine prehospital airway management strategy and collect physiological and demographic data. HAC notes were obtained to determine in-hospital management and quantify neurological outcome via the cerebral performance category (CPC) scale...
May 11, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722434/changes-in-hardness-and-resilience-of-i-gel-tm-cuffs-with-temperature-a-benchtop-study
#3
J Dingley, J Stephenson, V Allender, S Dawson, D Williams
The i-gelTM is a supraglottic airway with a gel-like thermoplastic cuff. It has been suggested that the seal around the larynx improves following insertion. Perhaps the most intuitive hypothesis proposed for this is that cuff softening occurs during warming from ambient to body temperature. We investigated this using a food industry texture analyser over a wide temperature range. Size 2 and 3 i-gels were secured to a platform within a temperature-controlled water bath, which was in turn mounted on a texture analyser test stand...
May 3, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720752/current-practice-patterns-of-supraglottic-airway-device-usage-in-paediatric-patients-amongst-anaesthesiologists-a-nationwide-survey
#4
Ruchi A Jain, Devangi A Parikh, Anila D Malde, Bhuvneshwari Balasubramanium
Background and Aims: Supraglottic airway devices (SGADs) are increasingly being used for airway management in paediatric patients undergoing general anaesthesia. This survey was designed to assess the nationwide practice patterns of SGAD usage in paediatric patients. Methods: A questionnaire of 28 questions was circulated amongst 16,532 members of the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists through online survey engine Google Forms® and served manually to 500 delegates attending the Asian Society of Paediatric Anaesthesiologists conference 2017...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720749/use-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-paediatric-patients-in-the-indian-context-some-we-know-some-we-need-to-know-and-march-ahead
#5
EDITORIAL
Priyam Saikia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719126/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-supraglottic-airway-to-use-of-an-endotracheal-tube-in-sinonasal-surgery
#6
Austin S Adams, Todd J Wannemuehler, Benjamin Hull, Jeffanie Wu, Rakesh K Chandra, Kate VonWahlde, Matthew S Shotwell, Stephen Harvey, Michael Higgins, Kelly McQueen, Justin H Turner
BACKGROUND: The supraglottic airway (SGA) represents an alternative to endotracheal intubation (endotracheal tube [ETT]) in many types of ambulatory surgery. Adoption of the SGA has progressed slowly in sinonasal surgery due to concerns about airway protection. The purpose of this study was to compare quality of life measures and indices of airway protection between patients undergoing sinonasal surgery who were ventilated via an SGA or ETT. METHODS: Patients undergoing outpatient sinonasal surgery were enrolled into a randomized, single-blind study in which patients would be ventilated with either an SGA or ETT...
May 2, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691106/impact-of-prehospital-airway-management-on-combat-mortality
#7
Garrett B Hardy, Joseph K Maddry, Patrick C Ng, Shelia C Savell, Allyson A Arana, Avery Kester, Vikhyat S Bebarta
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of modern military conflicts suggests that airway compromise remains the second leading cause of preventable death of combat fatalities. This study compares outcomes of combat casualties that received prehospital airway interventions, specifically bag valve mask (BVM) ventilation, cricothyrotomy, and supraglottic airway (SGA) placement. The goal is to compare the effectiveness of airway management strategies used in the military pre-hospital setting. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of 1267 US Army medical evacuation patient care records, compared outcomes of casualties that received prehospital advanced airway interventions...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687674/intubation-through-2-supraglottic-airway-device-in-cervical-spine-immobilization-a-randomized-trial-of-residents-use-of-the-intubating-laryngeal-mask-airway-and-the-intubating-laryngeal-tube-in-manikins
#8
Dawid Aleksandrowicz, Tomasz Gaszyński
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the intubating laryngeal mask (iLM) airway and the new intubating laryngeal tube (iLTS-D) in use by residents with minimal previous intubation experience during simulated conditions of reduced cervical spine mobility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty first-year residents in anesthesiology participated in the study (18 women). All participants had minimal intubation experience (fewer than 10 previously performed intubations) and were novices in the specialty...
June 2018: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643624/effectiveness-of-proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-and-laryngeal-tube-suction-in-elective-non-laparoscopic-surgeries-of-up-to-ninety-minutes-duration-a-prospective-randomized-study
#9
Swapnil Verma, S P Sharma
Background and Aims: Proseal laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and laryngeal tube suction (LTS) are both supraglottic devices with an esophageal suction port. In the present prospective, randomized study, the effectiveness of airway seal, hemodynamic variables, ability to pass orogastric tube, and postoperative complications with the two devices were evaluated. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blind study conducted in a hospital-based setting...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643567/reply-only-with-an-optimal-position-of-the-supraglottic-airway-in-situ-valid-conclusions-can-be-drawn-about-oropharyngeal-airway-pressure
#10
Divya Jain, Komal Gandhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643566/only-with-an-optimal-position-of-the-supraglottic-airway-in-situ-valid-conclusions-can-be-drawn-about-oropharyngeal-airway-pressure
#11
André Aj Van Zundert, Kerstin H Wyssusek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643547/securing-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-during-position-change-and-in-prone-position
#12
EDITORIAL
Pankaj Kundra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628601/i-gel%C3%A2-may-be-the-device-of-choice-for-controlled-ventilation-in-patients-with-hemophilia-undergoing-abdominal-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
Sreyashi Sen, Koel Mitra, Shanta Ganguli, Sudakshina Mukherji
Haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder with variable deficiency of Factor VIII in the plasma and is characterised by bleeding into joints, muscles and tissues either spontaneously or in response to trivial trauma. Perioperative care requires multidisciplinary involvement. Perioperative management involves the risk of excessive bleeding from surgical site as well as spontaneous bleeding into the brain in response to surgical stress in patients with previous history of intracerebral haemorrhage. Airway management of such patients during anaesthetic intervention is a challenge and entails the risk of life threatening haemorrhage into the airway...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628566/comparison-of-the-laryngeal-mask-airways-laryngeal-mask-airway-classic-and-laryngeal-mask-airway-proseal-in-children
#14
Chetan B Bhat, Kiran A Honnannavar, Mallanna B Police Patil, Mahantesh S Mudakanagoudar
Introduction: In the past 25 years with the development of various supraglottic airway devices, the armamentarium for airway management has increased. In our study, the laryngeal mask airway (LMA)-ProSeal is compared with the LMA-Classic with respect to as follows: (a) Ease of insertion and number of insertion attempts, (b) Device positional stability and possible oropharyngeal leak, (c) Airway trauma, and (d) Hemodynamic changes; in children aged 3-15 years undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia, hypothesizing that these would be different...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623556/anesthesia-for-interventional-pulmonology-procedures-a-review-of-advanced-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-bronchoscopy
#15
Andres de Lima, Fayez Kheir, Adnan Majid, John Pawlowski
PURPOSE: Interventional pulmonology is a growing subspecialty of pulmonary medicine with flexible and rigid bronchoscopies increasingly used by interventional pulmonologists for advanced diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This review discusses different technical aspects of anesthesia for interventional pulmonary procedures with an emphasis placed on pharmacologic combinations, airway management, ventilation techniques, and common complications. SOURCE: Relevant medical literature was identified by searching the PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications on different anesthesia topics applicable to interventional pulmonary procedures...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619557/performance-and-skill-retention-of-five-supraglottic-airway-devices-for-the-pediatric-difficult-airway-in-a-manikin
#16
Johannes Kulnig, Lisa Füreder, Nicole Harrison, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have been introduced to assist medical professionals in emergency situations with limited experience in securing airways via conventional endotracheal intubation (ETI). Literature on the use of SADs for securing an airway during pediatric critical settings is scarce, and there is a lack of studies comparing different SADs to each other and to conventional ETI. We conducted a study comparing five different SADs to ETI with regard to success rate, time to first ventilation, and personal rating in a pediatric manikin under simulated physiologic and pathologic airway conditions in 41 pediatricians of varying clinical experience and training...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619333/role-of-opioids-as-coinduction-agent-with-propofol-and-their-effect-on-apnea-time-recovery-time-and-sedation-score
#17
Manisha Bhatt Dwivedi, Anisha Puri, Sankalp Dwivedi, Harinder Deol
Background: Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a supraglottic device which requires lesser depth of anaesthesia, evokes lesser hemodynamic response and causes lesser stimulation of airway as compared to traditional definitive airway device endotracheal tube. Its placement is possible without muscle relaxants thereby allowing maintenance of anaesthesia on spontaneous respiration thus preventing apnoea or minimizing apnoea time. Propofol, the commonly used induction agent, causes cardiorespiratory depression at higher induction doses...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618190/pre-hospital-i-gel-blind-intubation-for-trauma-a-simulation-study
#18
Jae Guk Kim, Wonhee Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, Yong Soo Jang, Hyun Young Choi, Hyeongtae Kim, Minji Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of i-gel blind intubation (IGI) as a rescue device for definitive airway management in ground intubation for pre-hospital trauma patients. METHODS: A prospective randomized crossover study was conducted with 18 paramedics to examine intubation performance of two blind intubation techniques through a supraglottic airway devices (IGI and laryngeal mask airway Fastrach), compared with use of a Macintosh laryngoscope (MCL)...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602216/transoral-resection-of-extensive-pediatric-supraglottic-neurofibroma
#19
Mark A Arnold, Anthony J Mortelliti, Mark F Marzouk
This case report describes the novel use of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with delayed transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for residual disease in the resection of a pediatric neurofibroma with supraglottic and parapharyngeal space extension. Postoperatively, the patient had excellent functional outcomes. This case demonstrates that pediatric TORS is feasible, safe, and complementary to TLM. Neurofibroma is just one of the diverse pathologic processes of the pediatric airway that can be managed via transoral surgery, and applications of TORS with TLM will continue to broaden as our experience develops...
March 30, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582360/comparison-of-oropharyngeal-leak-pressure-between-the-ambu%C3%A2-auragain%C3%A2-and-the-lma%C3%A2-supreme%C3%A2-supraglottic-airways-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
David T Wong, Alister Ooi, Kawal P Singh, Amelie Dallaire, Vina Meliana, Jason Lau, Frances Chung, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong
PURPOSE: Studies comparing the recently introduced Ambu® AuraGain™ (Auragain) with the LMA® Supreme™ (Supreme) supraglottic airway (SGA) have reported conflicting results regarding differences in oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP). This randomized-controlled trial investigated the OLP of the Auragain compared with the Supreme in patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. METHODS: Adult patients with a body mass index ≤ 40 kg·m-2 presenting for ambulatory surgery and requiring an SGA were randomized to receive either the Auragain or the Supreme...
March 26, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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