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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457922/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-recurrent-primary-common-bile-duct-stone-in-patients-with-cholecystectomy
#1
Eun Soo Yoo, Byung Moo Yoo, Jin Hong Kim, Jae Chul Hwang, Min Jae Yang, Kee Myung Lee, Soon Sun Kim, Choong Kyun Noh
OBJECTIVES: Recurrence of primary common bile duct (CBD) stone commonly occurs after complete removal of CBD stones in patients with cholecystectomy. This study aimed to investigate potential risk factors for the recurrence of primary CBD stones after endoscopic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) database of our medical center was retrospectively reviewed; information regarding eligible patients who had recurrent CBD stones with a history of previous cholecystectomy was collected...
February 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457508/integrative-review-of-mobile-phone-contacts-and-medication-adherence-in-severe-mental-illness
#2
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457210/hospital-cirrhosis-volume-and-readmission-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-in-california
#3
Mike Wei, Jason Ford, Qihan Li, Donghak Jeong, Allison J Kwong, Mindie H Nguyen, Matthew S Chang
BACKGROUND: Patients with cirrhosis are at high readmission risk. Using a large statewide database, we evaluated the effect of hospital cirrhosis-related patient volume on 30-day readmissions in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database for adult patients with cirrhosis, as defined by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes, hospitalized in California between 2009 and 2011...
February 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456991/estimation-and-projection-of-prevalence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-iran-2015-2020
#4
Hossein Molavi Vardanjani, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani, Maryam Hadipour
Background: Population aging and more prevalent westernized lifestyle would be expected to result in a markedly rising burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the future years. The aim of this study is to estimate the limited-time prevalence of CRC in Iran between 2015 and 2020. Materials and Methods: Aggregated CRC incidence data were extracted from the Iranian national cancer registry (IR.NCR) reports for 2003-2009 and from GLOBOCAN-2012 database for 2012. Incidence trends were analyzed by age groups, genders, histopathologic, and topographic subtypes to estimate annual percentage changes...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#5
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456915/short-term-complications-of-anterior-fixation-of-odontoid-fractures
#6
Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Dante M Leven, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objective: Anterior fixation of odontoid fracture has been associated with high morbidity and mortality in small, single institution series. Identifying risk factors may improve risk stratification and highlight factors that could be optimized preoperatively. The objective of this study was to determine the 30-day complication rate following anterior fixation of odontoid fractures and to identify associated risk factors among patients in a large national database...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456725/application-of-deep-learning-to-the-classification-of-images-from-colposcopy
#7
Masakazu Sato, Koji Horie, Aki Hara, Yuichiro Miyamoto, Kazuko Kurihara, Kensuke Tomio, Harushige Yokota
The objective of the present study was to investigate whether deep learning could be applied successfully to the classification of images from colposcopy. For this purpose, a total of 158 patients who underwent conization were enrolled, and medical records and data from the gynecological oncology database were retrospectively reviewed. Deep learning was performed with the Keras neural network and TensorFlow libraries. Using preoperative images from colposcopy as the input data and deep learning technology, the patients were classified into three groups [severe dysplasia, carcinoma in situ (CIS) and invasive cancer (IC)]...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456579/splenic-cyst-as-a-rare-cause-of-fetal-abdominal-cystic-mass-a-multicenter-series-of-nine-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Waldo Sepulveda, Jose H Ochoa, Daniel Cafici, Amy E Wong, Federico Badano, Elena Andreeva, Elena Y Andreeva
Introduction: Congenital splenic cysts are a rare cause of abdominal cystic masses in the fetus. We describe nine cases of this condition, the largest reported experience to date. A review of the literature for similar cases was also performed. Methods: Cases of congenital splenic cyst were collected from three prenatal diagnostic centers and from a dedicated website of prenatal diagnosis. Information regarding clinical and sonographic findings was obtained by reviewing ultrasound reports and medical records...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456506/therapeutic-effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-plus-tamoxifen-vs-tamoxifen-for-the-treatment-of-mammary-gland-hyperplasia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#9
REVIEW
Hao-Tian Li, Hong-Hong Liu, Yu-Xue Yang, Tao Wang, Xue-Lin Zhou, Yang Yu, Su-Na Li, Yi Zheng, Ping Zhang, Rui-Lin Wang, Jian-Yu Li, Shi-Zhang Wei, Kun Li, Peng-Yan Li, Li-Qi Qian
As a common disorder that accounts for over 70% of all breast disease cases, mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) causes a severe problem for the quality of patients' life, and confers an increased risk of breast carcinoma. However, the etiology and pathogenesis of MGH remain unclear, and the safety and efficacy of current western drug therapy for MGH still need to be improved. Therefore, a meta-analysis was conducted by our team to determine whether a TCM formula named Ru-Pi-Xiao in combination with tamoxifen or Ru-Pi-Xiao treated alone can show more prominent therapeutic effects against MGH with fewer adverse reactions than that of tamoxifen...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456356/the-current-state-of-rural-neurosurgical-practice-an-international-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Pavan S Upadhyayula, John K Yue, Jason Yang, Harjus S Birk, Joseph D Ciacci
Introduction: Rural and low-resource areas have diminished capacity to care for neurosurgical patients due to lack of infrastructure, healthcare investment, and training programs. This review summarizes the range of rural neurosurgical procedures, novel mechanisms for delivering care, rapid training programs, and outcome differences across international rural neurosurgical practice. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed for English language manuscripts with keywords "rural" and "neurosurgery" using the National Library of Medicine PubMed database (01/1971-06/2017)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455958/esophagectomy-versus-endoscopic-resection-for-patients-with-early-stage-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-a-national-cancer-database-propensity-matched-study
#11
Katy A Marino, Jennifer L Sullivan, Benny Weksler
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic resection has been rapidly adopted in the treatment of early-stage esophageal tumors. We compared the outcomes after esophagectomy or endoscopic resection for stage T1a adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database for patients with T1a esophageal adenocarcinoma who underwent esophagectomy or endoscopic resection and generated a balanced cohort with 735 matched pairs using propensity-score matching. We then performed a multivariable Cox regression analysis on the matched and unmatched cohorts...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455791/criss-cross-heart-transthoracic-echocardiographic-features
#12
Devi Manuel, Gopal Ghosh, George Joseph, Anandaroop Lahiri, Paul V George
OBJECTIVE: To study the echocardiographic features of criss-cross heart (CCH), a congenital cardiac anomaly characterized by crossed ventricular inflow streams, in Indian patients. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, all pediatric echocardiograms performed in a single tertiary care institution in South India over a three-year period were scrutinized for a diagnosis of CCH. Demographic, clinical and echocardiographic data were collected from patients' medical records and echocardiographic database...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455699/existing-approaches-to-chemical-biological-radiological-and-nuclear-cbrn-education-and-training-for-health-professionals-findings-from-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455680/emergency-medical-service-ems-utilization-by-syrian-refugees-residing-in-ankara-turkey
#14
Ali Osman Altıner, Sıdıka Tekeli Yeşil
Introduction Many Syrians have left their country and migrated to other countries since March 2011, due to the civil war. As of March 2016, a total of 2,747,946 Syrian refugees had immigrated to Turkey. Some Syrian refugees have been living in camps, while 2,475,134 have been living in metropolitan areas, such as Ankara. Study Objective This study investigated Emergency Medical Service (EMS) utilization among Syrian refugees residing in Ankara. METHODS: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional database analysis using data obtained from the Department of EMS of the Ankara Provincial Health Directorate...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455634/early-predictors-of-global-functional-outcome-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#15
Andreane Richard-Denis, Marie Beauséjour, Cynthia Thompson, Bich-Han Nguyen, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
Accurately predicting functional recovery in an asset for all clinicians and decision makers involved in the care of patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). Unfortunately, there is a lack of information on the relative importance of significant predictors of global functional outcome. There is also a need for identifying functional predictors that can be timely optimized by the medical and rehabilitation teams throughout the hospitalizations phases. The main objective of this work was to systematically review and rate early factors that are consistently and independently associated with global functional outcome in individuals with TSCI...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455252/the-effect-of-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents-on-the-outcome-in-pediatric-uveitis-of-diverse-etiologies
#16
Iris Deitch, Radgonde Amer, Oren Tomkins-Netzer, Zohar Habot-Wilner, Ronit Friling, Ron Neumann, Michal Kramer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to report the clinical outcome of children with uveitis treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) agents. METHODS: This included a retrospective cohort study. Children with uveitis treated with infliximab or adalimumab in 2008-2014 at five dedicated uveitis clinics were identified by database search. Their medical records were reviewed for demographic data, clinical presentation, ocular complications, and visual outcome. Systemic side effects and the steroid-sparing effect of treatment were documented...
February 18, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454659/predicting-visual-acuity-by-using-machine-learning-in-patients-treated-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
Markus Rohm, Volker Tresp, Michael Müller, Christoph Kern, Ilja Manakov, Maximilian Weiss, Dawn A Sim, Siegfried Priglinger, Pearse A Keane, Karsten Kortuem
PURPOSE: To predict, by using machine learning, visual acuity (VA) at 3 and 12 months in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after initial upload of 3 anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections. DESIGN: Database study. PARTICIPANTS: For the 3-month VA forecast, 653 patients (379 female) with 738 eyes and an average age of 74.1 years were included. The baseline VA before the first injection was 0...
February 14, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454322/using-ehealth-to-engage-and-retain-priority-populations-in-the-hiv-treatment-and-care-cascade-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#18
Julianita Purnomo, Katherine Coote, Limin Mao, Ling Fan, Julian Gold, Raghib Ahmad, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The exponential growth in the reach and development of new technologies over the past decade means that mobile technologies and social media play an increasingly important role in service delivery models to maximise HIV testing and access to treatment and care. This systematic review examines the impact of electronic and mobile technologies in medical care (eHealth) in the linkage to and retention of priority populations in the HIV treatment and care cascade, focussing on the Asia-Pacific region...
February 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453873/association-between-pemphigus-and-neurologic-diseases
#19
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen
Importance: The association between pemphigus and neurologic diseases was not evaluated systematically in the past. In a recent uncontrolled cross-sectional study, Parkinson disease was found to be significantly associated with pemphigus; in the same study, epilepsy had a nonsignificant association with pemphigus. Several case reports have suggested that pemphigus coexists with multiple sclerosis and dementia. Objective: To estimate the association between pemphigus and 4 neurologic conditions (dementia, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, and multiple sclerosis), using one of the largest cohorts of patients with pemphigus...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453868/coexistent-solid-malignancies-in-pemphigus-a-population-based-study
#20
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen
Importance: The association of pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus with comorbid malignancies is yet to be firmly established. Objective: To estimate the association between pemphigus and a wide range of nonhematologic malignancies using one of the largest cohorts of patients with pemphigus to date. Design, Setting, and Participants: For this cross-sectional study, we used the computerized database of Clalit Health Services, the largest public health care provider organization in Israel insuring 4...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
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