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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732057/structural-basis-of-zn-ii-induced-metal-detoxification-and-antibiotic-resistance-by-histidine-kinase-czcs-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
Dan Wang, Weizhong Chen, Shanqing Huang, Yafeng He, Xichun Liu, Qingyuan Hu, Tianbiao Wei, Hong Shang, Jianhua Gan, Hao Chen
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a major opportunistic human pathogen, causing serious nosocomial infections among immunocompromised patients by multi-determinant virulence and high antibiotic resistance. The CzcR-CzcS signal transduction system in P. aeruginosa is primarily involved in metal detoxification and antibiotic resistance through co-regulating cross-resistance between Zn(II) and carbapenem antibiotics. Although the intracellular regulatory pathway is well-established, the mechanism by which extracellular sensor domain of histidine kinase (HK) CzcS responds to Zn(II) stimulus to trigger downstream signal transduction remains unclear...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730881/comparison-of-jump-landing-protocols-with-biodex-balance-system-as-measures-of-dynamic-postural-stability-in-athletes
#2
Zarko Krkeljas
The objective of the study was to determine whether a relationship exists between the two common methods for assessing postural stability in athletes: the time-to-stabilisation (TTS) via force-plate and the Biodex Balance System (BBS). The conditions under which these measurements assess dynamic postural control may not provide sufficient feedback to practitioners. Fourty-four amateur soccer players with no history of musculoskeletal disorders volunteered for the study. Pearson correlation was used to compare the anterior-posterior (AP), medio-lateral (ML), and the overall stability indexes measured by BBS, with the corresponding parameters of TTS assessed via force plate...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728298/-the-prognostic-analysis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-based-on-the-tumor-neo-vessels-macrophages-and-%C3%AE-sma-in-tumor-microenvironment
#3
M Fang, J P Yuan, L L Liu, G P Cheng, H J Ying, Y M Chen, M Chen
Objective: To analyze the quantitative expression and prognostic significance of tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts in tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinic-pathological features and tissue samples for 101 HCC cases were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to stain the tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts on tumor tissue. The distribution results and quantitative data of above key components were acquired by inverted microscopy equipped with CRi Nuance multispectral analysis system...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727561/a-cots-based-microwave-imaging-system-for-breast-cancer-detection
#4
Mario R Casu, Marco Vacca, Jorge A Tobon, Azzurra Pulimeno, Imran Sarwar, Raffaele Solimene, Francesca Vipiana
Microwave imaging is an emerging breast cancer diagnostic technique, which aims at complementing already established methods like mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound. It offers two striking advantages: no-risk for the patient and potential low-cost for national health systems. So far, however, the prototypes developed for validation in labs and clinics used costly lab instruments such as a vector network analyzer (VNA). Moreover, the CPU time required by complex image reconstruction algorithms may not be compatible with the duration of a medical examination...
July 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727280/two-novel-effectors-of-trafficking-and-maturation-of-the-yeast-plasma-membrane-h-atpase
#5
Yosef Geva, Jonathan Crissman, Eric C Arakel, Natalia Gómez-Navarro, Silvia G Chuartzman, Kyle R Stahmer, Blanche Schwappach, Elizabeth A Miller, Maya Schuldiner
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the entry site of proteins into the endomembrane system. Proteins exit the ER via COPII vesicles in a selective manner, mediated either by direct interaction with the COPII coat or aided by cargo receptors. Despite the fundamental role of such receptors in protein sorting, only a few have been identified. To further define the machinery that packages secretory cargo and targets proteins from the ER to Golgi membranes, we used multiple systematic approaches, which revealed two uncharacterized proteins that mediate the trafficking and maturation of Pma1, the essential yeast plasma membrane proton ATPase...
July 20, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726971/an-environment-for-guideline-based-decision-support-systems-for%C3%A2-outpatients-monitoring
#6
Elisa M Zini, Giordano Lanzola, Paolo Bossi, Silvana Quaglini
OBJECTIVES: We propose an architecture for monitoring outpatients that relies on mobile technologies for acquiring data. The goal is to better control the onset of possible side effects between the scheduled visits at the clinic. METHODS: We analyze the architectural components required to ensure a high level of abstraction from data. Clinical practice guidelines were formalized with Alium, an authoring tool based on the PROforma language, using SNOMED-CT as a terminology standard...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726074/error-performances-of-a-model-based-biplane-fluoroscopic-system-for-tracking-knee-prosthesis-during-treadmill-gait-task
#7
Arnaud Barré, Kamiar Aminian
Roentgen stereophotogrammetry analysis technique allows an accurate measurement of knee joint prosthesis position and orientation using two X-ray images. Although this technique is used generally during static procedure, it is possible to use it with a biplane fluoroscopic system to measure the prosthesis kinematics during functional tasks (e.g., gait, squat, jump) performed in a laboratory environment. However, the performance of the system in terms of errors for the measurements and the model-based matching algorithm are not well known for dynamic tasks such as walking...
July 18, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725299/role-of-streptococcus-mutans-two-component-systems-in-antimicrobial-peptide-resistance-in-the-oral-cavity
#8
REVIEW
Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa
Approximately 100 trillion microorganisms exist in the oral cavity. For the commensal bacteria of the oral cavity, it is important to adapt to environmental stimuli, including human- or bacteria-derived antimicrobial agents. Recently, bacterial-specific signal transduction regulatory systems, called two-component systems (TCSs), which appear to be focused on sensing and adapting to the environment, were discovered. Streptococcus mutans is an oral commensal bacteria and is also known as a cariogenic bacteria...
August 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724694/role-of-long-chain-acyl-coas-in-the-regulation-of-mycolic-acid-biosynthesis-in-mycobacteria
#9
Yi Ting Tsai, Valentina Salzman, Matías Cabruja, Gabriela Gago, Hugo Gramajo
One of the dominant features of the biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and other mycobacteria, is the mycobacterial cell envelope with its exceptional complex composition. Mycolic acids are major and very specific components of the cell envelope and play a key role in its architecture and impermeability. Biosynthesis of mycolic acid (MA) precursors requires two types of fatty acid synthases, FAS I and FAS II, which should work in concert in order to keep lipid homeostasis tightly regulated. Both FAS systems are regulated at their transcriptional level by specific regulatory proteins...
July 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724201/variations-in-the-bioactive-compounds-composition-and-biological-activities-of-loofah-luffa-cylindrica-fruits-in-relation-to-maturation-stages
#10
Takoua Ben Hlel, Feten Belhadj, Fatih Gül, Muhammed Altun, Ayşe ŞahinYağlıoğlu, Ibrahim Demirtaş, M Nejib Marzouki
The present work aimed to determine the antioxidant and antiproliferative potential of Luffa cylindrica fruits collected at two different maturation stages and to identify and compare their functional components composition. The methanolic extracts of L. cylindrica fruits harvested at 60 to 65 days after seeding (S1) and 85 to 90 days after seeding (S2) were investigated for their antioxidant activity using various assays. Furthermore, the antiproliferative activity of the extracts against HeLa human cervical cancer cells was explored with xCELLigence real time cell analyzer while the effect of the samples on the membrane integrity of the same cell line was assessed using LDH cytotoxicity leakage assay...
July 19, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723991/health-inequalities-a-global-perspective
#11
Mauricio Lima Barreto
The objective of this article is to present health inequalities as a global problem which afflicts the populations of the poorest countries, but also those of the richest countries, and whose persistence represents one of the most serious and challenging health problems worldwide. Two components of global inequalities are highlighted: inequalities between groups within the same society, and inequalities between nations. The understanding that many of these inequalities are unjust, and therefore inequities, is largely derived from the inequalities that are identified between the various social groups of a given society...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723063/using-cooperatively-folded-peptides-to-measure-interaction-energies-and-conformational-propensities
#12
Maziar S Ardejani, Evan T Powers, Jeffery W Kelly
The rates and equilibria of the folding of biopolymers are determined by the conformational preferences of the subunits that make up the sequence of the biopolymer and by the interactions that are formed in the folded state in aqueous solution. Because of the centrality of these processes to life, quantifying conformational propensities and interaction strengths is vitally important to understanding biology. In this Account, we describe our use of peptide model systems that fold cooperatively yet are small enough to be chemically synthesized to measure such quantities...
July 19, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722585/school-children-s-intestinal-parasite-and-nutritional-status-1-year-after-complementary-school-garden-nutrition-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-in-burkina-faso
#13
Séverine Erismann, Serge Diagbouga, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Astrid M Knoblauch, Jana Gerold, Andrea Leuenberger, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722144/mechanisms-involved-in-hypersensitivity-reactions-to-polysulfone-hemodialysis-membranes
#14
Aranzazu Rodríguez-Sanz, Rafael Sánchez-Villanueva, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Ana-María Fiandor, María-Paz Ruiz, Filomena Trocoli, Rafael Díaz-Tejeiro, Carlos Cadenillas, Elena González, Virginia Martínez, Margarita López-Trascasa, Santiago Quirce, Rafael Selgas, Teresa Bellón
Several cases of patients with anaphylactic or systemic hypersensitivity reactions to polysulfone (PS) hemodialysis (HD) membranes and tolerance to cellulose triacetate (CTA) membranes have recently been reported. To investigate the mechanisms involved in PS hypersensitivity, basophil, T cell, and complement activation were analyzed in acute-phase samples from two patients with systemic reactions to PS-based membranes. Basophil and T cell activation, as well as higher serum tryptase levels were detected in acute-phase samples compared with basal levels...
July 19, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721414/single-component-supported-lipid-bilayers-probed-using-broadband-nonlinear-optics
#15
Laura L Olenick, Hilary M Chase, Li Fu, Yun Zhang, Alicia C McGeachy, Merve Dogangun, Stephanie R Walter, Hong-Fei Wang, Franz M Geiger
Broadband SFG spectroscopy is shown to offer considerable advantages over scanning systems in terms of signal-to-noise ratios when probing well-formed single-component supported lipid bilayers formed from zwitterionic lipids with PC headgroups. The SFG spectra obtained from bilayers formed from DOPC, POPC, DLPC, DMPC, DPPC and DSPC show a common peak at ∼2980 cm(-1), which is subject to interference between the C-H and the O-H stretches from the aqueous phase, while membranes having transition temperatures above the laboratory temperature produce SFG spectra with at least two additional peaks, one at ∼2920 cm(-1) and another at ∼2880 cm(-1)...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721177/antiretroviral-therapy-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-clients-in-gweru-city-zimbabwe-2006-2011-a-cohort-analysis
#16
Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong
The government of Zimbabwe began providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in public institutions in 2004. In Midlands province two clinics constituted the most active HIV care service points, with patients being followed up through a comprehensive patient monitoring and tracking system which captured specific patient variables and outcomes over time. The data from 2006 to 2011 were subjected to analysis to answer specific research questions and this case study is based on that analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720732/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-alters-staphylococcus-aureus-sensitivity-to-vancomycin-in-a-biofilm-model-of-cystic-fibrosis-infection
#17
Giulia Orazi, George A O'Toole
The airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients have thick mucus, which fosters chronic, polymicrobial infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus are two of the most prevalent respiratory pathogens in CF patients. In this study, we tested whether P. aeruginosa influences the susceptibility of S. aureus to frontline antibiotics used to treat CF lung infections. Using our in vitro coculture model, we observed that addition of P. aeruginosa supernatants to S. aureus biofilms grown either on epithelial cells or on plastic significantly decreased the susceptibility of S...
July 18, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720436/direct-measurement-of-pressure-independent-aqueous-humour-flow-using-iperfusion
#18
Michael Madekurozwa, Ester Reina-Torres, Darryl R Overby, Joseph M Sherwood
Reduction of intraocular pressure is the sole therapeutic target for glaucoma. Intraocular pressure is determined by the dynamics of aqueous humour secretion and outflow, which comprise several pressure-dependent and pressure-independent mechanisms. Accurately quantifying the components of aqueous humour dynamics is essential in understanding the pathology of glaucoma and the development of new treatments. To better characterise aqueous humour dynamics, we propose a method to directly measure pressure-independent aqueous humour flow...
July 15, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720182/ground-reaction-forces-during-reduced-gravity-running-in-parabolic-flight
#19
Peter Cavanagh, Andrea Rice, Molly Glauberman, Amanda Sudduth, Arien Cherones, Shane Davis, Michael Lewis, Andrea Hanson, Grier Wilt
BACKGROUND: Treadmills have been employed as both a form of exercise and a countermeasure to prevent changes in the musculoskeletal system on almost all NASA missions and many Russian missions since the early Space Shuttle flights. It is possible that treadmills may also be part of exercise programs on future Mars missions and that they may be a component of exercise facilities in lunar or Martian habitats. METHODS: In order to determine if the ambient gravity on these destinations will provide osteogenic effects while performing exercise on a treadmill, ground reactions forces (GRFs) were measured on eight subjects (six women and two men) running at 6 mph during parabolic flight in Martian and lunar gravity conditions...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719856/contribution-of-kupffer-cells-to-liposome-accumulation-in-the-liver
#20
Emma Samuelsson, Haifa Shen, Elvin Blanco, Mauro Ferrari, Joy Wolfram
The liver is a major barrier for site-specific delivery of systemically injected nanoparticles, as up to 90% of the dose is usually captured by this organ. Kupffer cells are thought to be the main cellular component responsible for nanoparticle accumulation in the liver. These resident macrophages form part of the mononuclear phagocyte system, which recognizes and engulfs foreign bodies in the circulatory system. In this study, we have compared two strategies for reducing nanoparticle accumulation in the liver, in order to investigate the specific contribution of Kupffer cells...
July 15, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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