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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677669/toxicological-interaction-of-multi-component-mixtures-to-vibrio-qinghaiensis-sp-q67-induced-by-at-least-three-components
#1
Ya-Qian Xu, Shu-Shen Liu, Ye Fan, Kai Li
It has been stated by researchers that the antibiotic polymyxin B sulfate (POL) is a key component inducing time-dependent antagonism in freshwater luminescent bacteria, Vibrio qinghaiensis sp.-Q67, exposed in the ternary mixture system of the ionic liquids, pesticide and antibiotics. However, the previous statement is limited to ternary and quaternary mixtures without considering situations such as the binary system. In order to prove the direct inducing of antagonism by POL in a more complete and systematic way, two categories of experiments (adding POL in non-antagonistic ternary system and decomposing antagonistic ternary system with POL into the binary system) have been conducted in this paper...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677477/systems-immunology-learning-the-rules-of-the-immune-system
#2
Alexandra-Chloé Villani, Siranush Sarkizova, Nir Hacohen
Given the many cell types and molecular components of the human immune system, along with vast variations across individuals, how should we go about developing causal and predictive explanations of immunity? A central strategy in human studies is to leverage natural variation to find relationships among variables, including DNA variants, epigenetic states, immune phenotypes, clinical descriptors, and others. Here, we focus on how natural variation is used to find patterns, infer principles, and develop predictive models for two areas: (a) immune cell activation-how single-cell profiling boosts our ability to discover immune cell types and states-and (b) antigen presentation and recognition-how models can be generated to predict presentation of antigens on MHC molecules and their detection by T cell receptors...
April 26, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676283/a-combined-positron-emission-tomography-pet-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-imaging-epri-system-initial-evaluation-of-a-prototype-scanner
#3
Mark Tseytlin, Alexander V Stolin, Priyaankadevi Guggilapu, Andrey A Bobko, Valery V Khramtsov, Oxana Tseytlin, Raymond R Raylman
The advent of hybrid scanners, combining complementary modalities, has revolutionized imaging; enhancing clinical practice and biomedical research. In this project, we investigated the melding of two complementary, functional imaging methods: positron emission tomography (PET) and electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI). The PET radiotracers can provide important information about cellular parameters, such as glucose metabolism. While EPR probes can provide assessment of tissue microenvironment, measuring parameters such as oxygenation and pH, for example...
April 20, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675601/asymptotic-analysis-of-a-tmdd-model-when-a-reaction-contributes-to-the-destruction-of-its-product
#4
Lida I Michalaki, Dimitris A Goussis
The multi-scale dynamics of a two-compartment with first order absorption Target-Mediated Drug Disposition (TMDD) pharmacokinetics model is analysed, using the Computational Singular Perturbation (CSP) algorithm. It is shown that the process evolves along two Slow Invariant Manifolds (SIMs), on which the most intense components of the model are equilibrated, so that the less intensive are the driving ones. The CSP tools allow for the identification of the components of the TMDD model that (i) constrain the evolution of the process on the SIMs, (ii) drive the system along the SIMs and (iii) generate the fast time scales...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675194/exploring-the-role-of-ionic-liquids-to-tune-the-polymorphic-outcome-of-organic-compounds
#5
Qingying Zeng, Arijit Mukherjee, Peter Müller, Robin D Rogers, Allan S Myerson
While molecular solvents are commonly used in the screening of polymorphs, the choices are often restricted. Ionic liquids (ILs) - also referred as designer solvents - have immense possibility in this regard because of their wide flexibility of tunability. More importantly, the interactions among the IL components are completely unique compared to those present in the molecular solvents. In this context, we have chosen tetrolic acid (TA) and isonicotinamide (INA), which showed solution-structure link in molecular solvents in the past, as probes to investigate the role of imidazolium based ionic liquids in the polymorphism of these two systems and whether the different solute-solvent interactions in ILs affect the polymorphic outcome...
February 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675027/photosynthetic-performance-and-vegetative-growth-in-a-new-red-leaf-pear-comparison-of-scion-genotypes-using-a-complex-grafted-plant-system
#6
Francesca Tozzi, Ben M van Hooijdonk, Donald S Tustin, Luca Corelli Grappadelli, Brunella Morandi, Pasquale Losciale, Luigi Manfrini
Leaf photosynthetic performance of a new red-skinned inter-specific hybrid pear variety called 'PremP009' (PIQA®BOO®) is presently unknown and therefore was compared to the Asian pear variety 'Hosui'. The seasonal growth patterns and the final dry matter accumulation of all tree components were also investigated for both genotypes in their first year of growth after grafting. Leaf gas exchange and tree growth comparisons were assessed using an innovative grafted plant system, which involved a bi-axis tree with the presence of combinations of identical or mixed (one of each genotype) 'PremP009' and 'Hosui' scion genotypes grafted onto a single clonal rootstock ('Buerre Hardy' BA29)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674028/a-novel-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-sers-detection-for-natural-gas-exploration-using-methane-oxidizing-bacteria
#7
Weiwei Liang, Qiao Chen, Fang Peng, Aiguo Shen, Jiming Hu
Methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB), a unique group of Gram-negative bacteria utilizing methane as a sole source of carbon and energy, have been proved to be a biological indicator for gas prospecting. Field and cultivation-free detection of MOB is important but still challenging in current microbial prospecting of oil and gas (MPOG) system. Herein, SERS was used for the first time to our knowledge to investigate two species of methanotrophs and four closely relevant bacteria that universally coexisted in the upper soil of natural gas...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673620/effects-of-opioid-and-non-opioid-analgesics-on-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-in-humans
#8
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Greg J Norman, Harriet de Wit
Both preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that the endogenous opioid system is involved in responses to stress. For example, in animal models opioid agonists reduce isolation distress whereas opioid antagonists increase isolation distress. We recently reported that the mixed mu agonist and kappa antagonist buprenorphine dampened responses to acute psychosocial stress in humans. Now we extend this to study the effects of a pure mu-opioid agonist, hydromorphone, and a non-opioid analgesic, acetaminophen, on response to social stress...
April 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673341/runners-with-patellofemoral-pain-demonstrate-sub-groups-of-pelvic-acceleration-profiles-using-hierarchical-cluster-analysis-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ricky Watari, Sean T Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark, Reed Ferber
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that distinct and homogenous sub-groups of gait patterns exist among runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), based on gait analysis. However, acquisition of 3D kinematic data using optical systems is time consuming and prone to marker placement errors. In contrast, axial segment acceleration data can represent an overall running pattern, being easy to acquire and not influenced by marker placement error. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if pelvic acceleration patterns during running could be used to classify PFP patients into homogeneous sub-groups...
April 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673298/initial-clinical-experience-using-the-low-profile-altura-endograft-system-with-double-d-shaped-proximal-stents-for-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#10
Dainis Krievins, Albrecht Krämer, Janis Savlovskis, Georgij Oszkinis, E Sebastian Debus, Alexander Oberhuber, Christopher K Zarins
PURPOSE: To report the initial clinical results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the low-profile (14-F) Altura Endograft System, which features a double "D-shaped" stent design with suprarenal fixation and modular iliac components that are deployed from distal to proximal. METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, 90 patients (mean age 72.8±8.3 years; 79 men) with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA; mean diameter 53.8±5.7 mm) were treated at 10 clinical sites in 2 prospective, controlled clinical studies using the Altura endograft...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672062/structure-and-interaction-of-nanoparticle-protein-complexes
#11
Sugam Kumar, Indresh Yadav, Vinod Kumar Aswal, Joachim Kohlbrecher
The integration of nanoparticles with proteins is of high scientific interest due to the amazing potential displayed by their complexes, combining the nanoscale properties of nanoparticles with the specific architectures and functions of the protein molecules. The nanoparticle-protein complexes, in particular, are useful in the emerging field of nanobiotechnology (nanomedicine, drug delivery and biosensors) as the nanoparticles having sizes comparable to that of living cells, can access and operate within the cell...
April 19, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672058/anticorrelated-contributions-to-pre-edge-features-of-aluminate-near-edge-x-ray-absorption-spectroscopy-in-concentrated-electrolytes
#12
Andrew Wildman, Ernesto Martinez-Baez, John L Fulton, Gregory K Schenter, Carolyn I Pearce, Aurora Evelyn Clark, Xiaosong Li
Ion pairing within complex solutions and elec- trolytes is a difficult phenomenon to mea- sure and investigate, yet it has signicant im- pact upon macroscopic processes, such as crys- tal formation. Traditional methods of detect- ing and characterizing ion pairing are sensi- tive to contact ion pairs, may require min- imum concentrations that limit applicability, and can have difficulty in characterizing solu- tions with many components. Because of its element specicity and sensitivity to local en- vironment, X-ray absorption near edge struc- ture (XANES) is a promising tool for investi- gating ion pairing in complex solutions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670820/the-integration-between-nonsymbolic-and-symbolic-numbers-evidence-from-an-eeg-study
#13
Ruizhe Liu, Christian D Schunn, Julie A Fiez, Melissa E Libertus
Introduction: Adults can represent numerical information in nonsymbolic and symbolic formats and flexibly switch between the two. While some studies suggest a strong link between the two number representation systems (e.g., Piazza, Izard, Pinel, Le Bihan, & Dehaene, 2004 Neuron , 44(3), 547), other studies show evidence against the strong-link hypothesis (e.g., Lyons, Ansari, & Beilock, 2012 Journal of Experimental Psychology: General , 141(4), 635). This inconsistency could arise from the relation between task demands and the closeness of the link between the two number systems...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670611/advances-in-biomarker-guided-therapy-for-pediatric-and-adult-onset-neuroinflammatory-disorders-targeting-chemokines-cytokines
#14
REVIEW
Michael R Pranzatelli
The concept and recognized components of "neuroinflammation" are expanding at the intersection of neurobiology and immunobiology. Chemokines (CKs), no longer merely necessary for immune cell trafficking and positioning, have multiple physiologic, developmental, and modulatory functionalities in the central nervous system (CNS) through neuron-glia interactions and other mechanisms affecting neurotransmission. They issue the "help me" cry of neurons and astrocytes in response to CNS injury, engaging invading lymphoid cells (T cells and B cells) and myeloid cells (dendritic cells, monocytes, and neutrophils) (adaptive immunity), as well as microglia and macrophages (innate immunity), in a cascade of events, some beneficial (reparative), others destructive (excitotoxic)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669706/reasons-for-physicians-not-adopting-clinical-decision-support-systems-critical-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Saif Khairat, David Marc, William Crosby, Ali Al Sanousi
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) are an integral component of today's health information technologies. They assist with interpretation, diagnosis, and treatment. A CDSS can be embedded throughout the patient safety continuum providing reminders, recommendations, and alerts to health care providers. Although CDSSs have been shown to reduce medical errors and improve patient outcomes, they have fallen short of their full potential. User acceptance has been identified as one of the potential reasons for this shortfall...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668878/population-structure-movement-patterns-and-frequency-of-multiple-matings-in-tenodera-sinensis-mantodea-mantidae
#16
Tyler Christensen, William D Brown
Models of the evolution of sexual cannibalism show that the frequency of male mating opportunities has significant impact on male choice and male risk aversion. In this study, we examined ecological components that should affect opportunities for multiple mating in wild populations of the Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensis Saussure). While conducting mark-recapture studies of two field populations over the course of two seasons, along with Global Positioning System data on locations of individuals, we collected data on population densities, movement patterns, and individual ranges to estimate the overlap of adult males and female mantids...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668682/biogeography-and-environmental-conditions-shape-bacteriophage-bacteria-networks-across-the-human-microbiome
#17
Geoffrey D Hannigan, Melissa B Duhaime, Danai Koutra, Patrick D Schloss
Viruses and bacteria are critical components of the human microbiome and play important roles in health and disease. Most previous work has relied on studying bacteria and viruses independently, thereby reducing them to two separate communities. Such approaches are unable to capture how these microbial communities interact, such as through processes that maintain community robustness or allow phage-host populations to co-evolve. We implemented a network-based analytical approach to describe phage-bacteria network diversity throughout the human body...
April 18, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668281/effect-of-heterogeneous-chemical-reactions-on-the-k%C3%A3-hler-activation-of-aqueous-organic-aerosols
#18
Yuri S Djikaev, Eli Ruckenstein
We study some thermodynamic aspects of the activation of aqueous organic aerosols into cloud droplets considering the aerosols to consist of liquid solution of water and hydrophilic and hydrophobic organic compounds, taking into account the presence of reactive species in the air. The hydrophobic (surfactant) organic molecules on the surface of such an aerosol can be processed by chemical reactions with some atmospheric species; this affects the hygroscopicity of the aerosol and hence its ability to become a cloud droplet either via nucleation or via Köhler activation...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667117/ecg-derived-respiration-based-on-iterated-hilbert-transform-and-hilbert-vibration-decomposition
#19
Hemant Sharma, K K Sharma
Monitoring of the respiration using the electrocardiogram (ECG) is desirable for the simultaneous study of cardiac activities and the respiration in the aspects of comfort, mobility, and cost of the healthcare system. This paper proposes a new approach for deriving the respiration from single-lead ECG based on the iterated Hilbert transform (IHT) and the Hilbert vibration decomposition (HVD). The ECG signal is first decomposed into the multicomponent sinusoidal signals using the IHT technique. Afterward, the lower order amplitude components obtained from the IHT are filtered using the HVD to extract the respiration information...
April 17, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664758/redeveloping-the-jbi-model-of-evidence-based-healthcare
#20
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
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