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Silicon nanoparticles

Pei Huang, Han-Qiao Shi, Hong-Mei Xiao, Yuan-Qing Li, Ning Hu, Shao-Yun Fu
The mismatch of refractive index (RI) between light emitting diode (LED) chips and packaging resins severely lowers the lighting emitting efficacy of LED. The RI can be enhanced by the introduction of high RI nanoparticles but meanwhile it is a great challenge to maintain the high transparency for resins due to the agglomeration of nanoparticles. In this work, a facile strategy is proposed to fabricate silicone nanocomposites with a high transparency (>88%, less than 2% decrease relative to pure silicone resin), largely enhanced RI (an increase from 1...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Muhammad Amjad, Yang Yang, Ghulam Raza, Hui Gao, Jun Zhang, Leping Zhou, Xiaoze Du, Dongsheng Wen
The understanding of near-wall motion, evaporation behavior and dry pattern of sessile nanofluid droplets is fundamental to a wide range of applications such as painting, spray drying, thin film coating, fuel injection and inkjet printing. However, a deep insight into the heat transfer, fluid flow, near-wall particle velocity and their effects on the resulting dry patterns is still much needed to take the full advantage of these nano-sized particles in the droplet. This work investigates the effect of direct absorptive silicon/silver (Si/Ag) hybrid nanofluids via two experiments...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hao Cui, Shuoyu Li, Shaozhi Deng, Huanjun Chen, Chengxin Wang
We demonstrated a flexible transparent and free-standing Si nanowire paper (SiNWP) as a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) platform for in situ chemical sensing on warping surfaces with high sensitivity. The SERS activity has originated from the three-dimension interconnected nanowire network structure and electromagnetic coupling between closely separated nanowires in the SiNWP. In addition, the SERS activity can be highly improved by functionalizing the SiNWP with plasmonic Au nanoparticles. The hybrid substrate not only showed excellent reproducibility and stability of the SERS signal, but also maintained the flexibility and transparency of the pristine SiNWP...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
Fransiska S H Krismastuti, Melissa R Dewi, Beatriz Prieto-Simon, Thomas Nann, Nicolas H Voelcker
We report on the design and testing of photonic biosensors for the type-selective detection of different types of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The ability to detect a panel of different MMP types has important implications for prognosis of wound healing. We combine the immunocapture of MMPs on dispersed magnetic nanoparticles modified with antibodies specific for target MMPs (immuno-magNPs) with subsequent MMP detection upon fluorogenic peptide cleavage in porous silicon resonant microcavity (pSiRM) architectures...
February 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
Shideh Kabiri Ameri, Rebecca Ho, Hongwoo Jang, Li Tao, Youhua Wang, Liu Wang, David M Schnyer, Deji Akinwande, Nanshu Lu
Tattoo-like epidermal sensors are an emerging class of truly wearable electronics owing to their thinness and softness. While most of them are based on thin metal films, silicon membrane, or nanoparticle-based printable inks, we report a sub-micron thick, multimodal electronic tattoo sensors that are made of graphene. The graphene electronic tattoo (GET) is designed with filamentary serpentines and fabricated by a cost- and time-effective "wet transfer, dry patterning" method. It has a total thickness of 463 ± 30 nm, an optical transparency of ~85%, and a stretchability of more than 40%...
July 18, 2017: ACS Nano
Robson Rosa da Silva, Mauricio Cavicchioli, Lais Rocalho de Lima, Caio Gomide Otoni, Hernane da Silva Barud, Silvia Helena Santagneli, Agnieszka Tercjak, André Capaldo Amaral, Renata Aquino Carvalho, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro
In this work we explored the fabrication of flexible and transparent hybrids of silk fibroin and epoxy modified siloxane for photonic applications. It is well known that regenerated silk fibroin (SF) solutions can form free-standing films with high transparency. Although SF has a restricted number of chemically reactive side groups, the main issues of as-casted pristine SF films regard the high solubility into aqueous media, brittleness, and low thermal stability. The design of SF films with enhanced functionality but yet highly transparent triggers new opportunities on broader range of applications in biophotonics...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mónica P A Ferreira, Sanjeev Ranjan, Sini Kinnunen, Alexandra Correia, Virpi Talman, Ermei Mäkilä, Brianda Barrios-Lopez, Marianna Kemell, Vimalkumar Balasubramanian, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Heikki Ruskoaho, Anu J Airaksinen, Hélder A Santos
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. Severe myocardial ischemia results in a massive loss of myocytes and acute myocardial infarction, the endocardium being the most vulnerable region. At present, current therapeutic lines only ameliorate modestly the quality of life of these patients. Here, an engineered nanocarrier is reported for targeted drug delivery into the endocardial layer of the left ventricle for cardiac repair. Biodegradable porous silicon (PSi) nanoparticles are functionalized with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), which is known to be expressed predominantly in the endocardium of the failing heart...
July 17, 2017: Small
Tat'yana G Khonina, Maria V Ivanenko, Oleg N Chupakhin, Alexander P Safronov, Ekaterina A Bogdanova, Maxim S Karabanalov, Vasily V Permikin, Leonid P Larionov, Lyudmila I Drozdova
Nanoparticles synthesized using sol-gel method are promising agents for biomedical applications, in particular for the therapy and diagnosis of various diseases. Using silicon and zinc glycerolates as biocompatible precursors we synthesized by the sol-gel method a new bioactive silicon-zinc-containing glycerohydrogel combining the positive pharmacological properties of the precursors. In the present work the structural features of silicon-zinc-containing glycerohydrogel and its immunotropic properties were studied...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jian Zhu, Hui Chang, Jian-Jun Li, Xin Li, Jun-Wu Zhao
The effect of silicon-coated gold nanoparticles with different gold core diameter and silica shell thickness on the fluorescence emission of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) was investigated. For gold nanoparticles with a diameter of 15nm, silica coating can only results in fluorescence recover of the bare gold nanoparticle-induced quenching of QDs. However, when the size of gold nanoparticle is increased to 60nm, fluorescence enhancement of the QDs could be obtained by silica coating. Because of the isolation of the silica shell-reduced quenching effect and local electric field effect, the fluorescence of QDs gets intense firstly and then decreases...
June 30, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
J Jj Nivas, F Gesuele, E Allahyari, S L Oscurato, R Fittipaldi, A Vecchione, R Bruzzese, S Amoruso
We report an experimental analysis addressing striking effects of residual air ambient pressure, from atmospheric conditions (10<sup>3</sup>  mbar) to high vacuum (10<sup>-4</sup>  mbar), on the surface structures induced on a silicon target by direct femtosecond laser irradiation. We observe an interesting direct impact of the ambient pressure on the period and depth of the generated ripples as well as on the formation of microgrooves. Moreover, a significant correlation is observed between the ripples' period and depth...
July 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Haiping Su, Alejandro A Barragan, Linxiao Geng, Donghui Long, Licheng Ling, Krassimir N Bozhilov, Lorenzo Mangolini, Juchen Guo
We report colloidal routes to synthesize silicon@carbon composites for the first time. Surface-functionalized Si nanoparticles (SiNPs) dissolved in styrene and hexadecane are used as the dispersed phase in oil-in-water emulsions, from which yolk-shell and dual-shell hollow SiNPs@C composites are produced via polymerization and subsequent carbonization. As anode materials for Li-ion batteries, the SiNPs@C composites demonstrate excellent cycling stability and rate performance, which is ascribed to the uniform distribution of SiNPs within the carbon hosts...
July 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Ester J Kwon, Matthew Skalak, Alessandro Bertucci, Gary Braun, Francesco Ricci, Erkki Ruoslahti, Michael J Sailor, Sangeeta N Bhatia
There is an urgent need for new materials to treat bacterial infections. In order to improve antibacterial delivery, an anti-infective nanomaterial is developed that utilizes two strategies for localization: i) a biodegradable nanoparticle carrier to localize therapeutics within the tissue, and ii) a novel tandem peptide cargo to localize payload to bacterial membranes. First, a library of antibacterial peptides is screened that combines a membrane-localizing peptide with a toxic peptide cargo and discovers a tandem peptide that displays synergy between the two domains and is able to kill Pseudomonas aeruginosa at sub-micromolar concentrations...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
Jiahao Yan, Churong Ma, Pu Liu, Chengxin Wang, Guowei Yang
Electrically tunable devices in nanophotonics offer an exciting opportunity to combine electrical and optical functions, opening up their applications in active photonic devices. Silicon as a kind of high refractive index dielectric material has shown comparable performances with plasmonic nanostructures in tailoring and modulating the electromagnetic waves. However, there are few studies on electrically tunable silicon nanoantennas. Here, for the first time, we realize the spectral tailoring of an individual silicon nanoparticle in the visible range through changing the applied voltage...
July 7, 2017: Nano Letters
Ioanna Giouroudi, Georgios Kokkinis
The development of portable biosening devices for the detection of biological entities such as biomolecules, pathogens, and cells has become extremely significant over the past years. Scientific research, driven by the promise for miniaturization and integration of complex laboratory equipment on inexpensive, reliable, and accurate devices, has successfully shifted several analytical and diagnostic methods to the submillimeter scale. The miniaturization process was made possible with the birth of microfluidics, a technology that could confine, manipulate, and mix very small volumes of liquids on devices integrated on standard silicon technology chips...
July 6, 2017: Nanomaterials
Jinming Zhou, Peng Han, Meijin Liu, Haiyan Zhou, Yingxue Zhang, Jieke Jiang, Peng Liu, Yu Wei, Yanlin Song, Xi Yao
The fascinating structural colors have profound implications in fields of pigments, displays and sensors, but none of the current non-iridescent photonic materials could restore functions from mechanical damages. Herein, we report the first development of self-healable organogel nanocomposites possessing angle-independent structural colors. The organogel nanocomposites were prepared through the co-assembly of oleophilic silica nanoparticles, silicone based supramolecular gel and carbon black. The organogel system enables amorphous aggregation of silica nanoparticles and the angle-independent structural colors in the nanocomposites...
July 4, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Raphaël Marchand, Christophe Thibault, Franck Carcenac, Christophe Vieu, Emmanuelle Trévisiol
We present a new strategy for fabricating a silicon nanopore device allowing straightforward fluidic integration and electrical as well as optical monitoring. The device presents nanopores of diameters 10 nm to 160 nm, and could therefore be used to obtain solvent-free free-standing lipid bilayers from small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) or large unilamellar vesicles (LUV). The silicon chip fabrication process only requires front side processing of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate. A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic interface is assembled on the silicon chip for fluidic handling and electrical addressing...
September 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
Dongyu Cai, Paul S Clegg, Tao Li, Katherine A Rumble, Joe W Tavacoli
By combining interfacial nanoparticles and molecular surfactants together with immiscible liquids of high viscosity, we develop an alternative strategy for creating bicontinuous interfacially jammed emulsion gels (bijels). These bijels are prepared from common ingredients which are widely used in industry: glycerol, silicone oil, silica nanoparticles together with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. We tune the sample composition and develop a multi-step mixing protocol to achieve a tortuous arrangement of liquid domains...
July 19, 2017: Soft Matter
Bi-Shen Lee, Ding-Zheng Lin, Ta-Jen Yen
We present a facile and cost-effective manner to fabricate a highly sensitive and stable surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate. First, a silicon nanowire array (SiNWA) is tailored by metal-assisted chemical etching (MaCE) method as a scaffold of the desired SERS substrate. Next, with an oblique angle deposition (OAD) method, optimized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are successfully decorated on the surface of the SiNWA. These AuNPs enable a strong localized electric field, providing abundant hot spots to intensify the Raman signals from the targeting molecules...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sarah Hamza, Anna Ignaszak, Amirkianoosh Kiani
Biocompatible-sensing materials hold an important role in biomedical applications where there is a need to translate biological responses into electrical signals. Increasing the biocompatibility of these sensing devices generally causes a reduction in the overall conductivity due to the processing techniques. Silicon is becoming a more feasible and available option for use in these applications due to its semiconductor properties and availability. When processed to be porous, it has shown promising biocompatibility; however, a reduction in its conductivity is caused by its oxidization...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Alessandro Venuta, Joy Wolfram, Haifa Shen, Mauro Ferrari
Nanodelivery systems usually improve the biodistribution of drugs, leading to reduced side effects and enhanced therapeutic efficacy. However, only a small portion of the injected nanoparticle dose accumulates in pathological tissue. Challenges in drug delivery arise due to a multitude of transport obstacles in the body, including the endothelium, the extracellular matrix, and the cell membrane. In general, nanoparticles are designed to overcome only a few biological barriers, making them inadequate for localized drug delivery...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
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