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Dawn M Vanderhoef, Kathleen R Delaney
BACKGROUND: No data exist about how directors of psychiatric mental health (PMH) graduate nurse practitioner (NP) programs have dealt with moving their programs to a lifespan model. It is equally unclear as to how many programs have changed to a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) level of clinical education. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this survey was to gather data on the state of graduate PMH NP education as they align with regulatory models. DESIGN: A brief survey was sent via e-mail to 118 program directors of PMH NP programs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
J H Lee, Y Zhang, Z Zhao, X Ye, X Zhang, H Wang, J Ye
OBJECTIVES: To understand the mechanism of white fat expansion in the presence of inflammation, we examined the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in epididymal fat during weight gain in DIO mice. METHODS: The pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were examined in white fat of diet-induced obese mice and lean mice. The mechanism of gene expression was investigated with a focus on intracellular ATP (iATP). ATP activity was tested in cellular and non-cellular systems in activation of serine kinases (IKKβ, JNK and ERK)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Peter Niedbalski, Christopher Parish, Andhika Kiswandhi, Leila Fidelino, Chalermchai Khemtong, Zahra Hayati, Likai Song, André Martins, A Dean Sherry, Lloyd Lumata
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is a technique that uses a microwave-driven transfer of high spin alignment from electrons to nuclear spins. This is most effective at low temperature and high magnetic field, and with the invention of the dissolution method, the amplified nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals in the frozen state in DNP can be harnessed in the liquid-state at physiologically acceptable temperature for in vitro and in vivo metabolic studies. A current optimization practice in dissolution DNP is to dope the sample with trace amounts of lanthanides such as Gd(3+) or Ho(3+), which further improves the polarization...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Eugen Kubala, Kim A Muñoz-Álvarez, Geoffrey Topping, Christian Hundshammer, Benedikt Feuerecker, Pedro A Gómez, Giorgio Pariani, Franz Schilling, Steffen J Glaser, Rolf F Schulte, Marion I Menzel, Markus Schwaiger
In the past decades, new methods for tumor staging, restaging, treatment response monitoring, and recurrence detection of a variety of cancers have emerged in conjunction with the state-of-the-art positron emission tomography with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]-FDG PET). (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging ((13)CMRSI) is a minimally invasive imaging method that enables the monitoring of metabolism in vivo and in real time. As with any other method based on (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), it faces the challenge of low thermal polarization and a subsequent low signal-to-noise ratio due to the relatively low gyromagnetic ratio of (13)C and its low natural abundance in biological samples...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Takeshi Kobayashi, Dilini Singappuli-Arachchige, Zhuoran Wang, Igor I Slowing, Marek Pruski
Solid-state NMR spectroscopy, both conventional and dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced, was employed to study the spatial distribution of organic functional groups attached to the surface of mesoporous silica nanoparticles via co-condensation and grafting. The most revealing information was provided by DNP-enhanced two-dimensional (29)Si-(29)Si correlation measurements, which unambiguously showed that post-synthesis grafting leads to a more homogeneous dispersion of propyl and mercaptopropyl functionalities than co-condensation...
January 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shenqiang Rao, Shuangmei Liu, Lifang Zou, Tianyu Jia, Shanhong Zhao, Bing Wu, Zhihua Yi, Shouyu Wang, Yun Xue, Yun Gao, Changshui Xu, Guilin Li, Hong Xu, Chunping Zhang, Shangdong Liang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accounts for more than 90% of all cases of diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) is a common complication of T2DM. Sinomenine is a natural bioactive component extracted from the Sinomenium acutum and has anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of sinomenine on DNP mediated by the P2X3 receptor in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) in T2DM rats were lower than those of control rats...
January 4, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
D David Jebaraj, Hideo Utsumi, A Milton Franklin Benial
The Electron Spin Resonance studies were carried out for 2 mM concentration of (14) N and (15) N -labeled 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-pyrrolidine-1-oxyl, 3-carboxy-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-pyrrolidine-1-oxyl, 3-methoxycarbonyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-pyrrolidine-1-oxyl and their deuterated nitroxyl radicals using X-band Electron Spin Resonance spectrometer. The ESR Line shape analysis was carried out. The Electron Spin Resonance parameters such as, linewidth, Lorentzian component, signal intensity ratio, rotational correlation time, hyperfine coupling constant and g-factor were estimated...
January 4, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
Nobuaki Matsui, Rie Yoshioka, Asako Nozawa, Naonobu Kobayashi, Yukari Shichijo, Tadatoshi Yoshikawa, Masaaki Akagi
The contribution of caspases to hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis has not been completely understood yet. Several studies have demonstrated increased caspase activity during I/R and the protective effect of caspase inhibitors against I/R injuries. However, reports with opposing results also exist. Herein, we examined the contribution of caspases to the I/R-induced hepatic apoptosis in rats using caspase inhibitors and specific substrates of caspases. Hepatic I/R was induced via a 2-h occlusion of the portal vein and the hepatic artery, without conducting bile duct occlusion...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Bao-Yan He, Dan-Ping Yu, Yan Chen, Jia-Li Shi, Yan Xia, Qu-Sheng Li, Li-Li Wang, Ling Ling, Eddy Y Zeng
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of low Cd accumulation in crops using edible amaranth (Amaranthus mangostanus L.) as a model. Fifteen amaranth cultivars were grown in long-term contaminated soil, and the differences in soil Cd mobilization, root uptake, and root-shoot translocation between low- and high-Cd accumulating cultivars were examined. The transport pathways of Cd across the root were further identified in Hoagland nutrient solution using the Ca channel blocker La(3+), the ATP inhibitor 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP), and a nutrition-deficient culture...
December 19, 2016: Chemosphere
Hinako Eto, Gaku Tsuji, Takahito Chiba, Masutaka Furue, Fuminori Hyodo
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory condition with complex etiology, including genetic, environmental and immunologic factors. Redox imbalance caused by excessive oxidative stress has been shown to mediate disease activity of AD. Currently, an imaging technique that can monitor the redox status of the skin in vivo has not yet been developed. Consequently, we have established such a technique that can detect and visualize the redox status of the skin using in vivo dynamic nuclear polarization magnetic resonance imaging (DNP-MRI)...
December 29, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Brandon Kit Bredimus
The following manuscript is the winning Richard Hader Visionary Leader 2016 entry submitted to Nursing Management in recognition of Dr. Bob Dent, DNP, MBA, RN, NEA-BC, CENP, FACHE, senior vice president, chief operating officer, and CNO for Midland Memorial Hospital in Midland, Tex. Dr. Dent was formally recognized for his achievements before the Keynote Address at Congress2016, November 8, in Las Vegas, Nev. There, he received the award, sponsored by Hackensack Meridian Health.
January 2017: Nursing Management
Frédéric A Perras, Hao Luo, Ximing Zhang, Nathan S Mosier, Marek Pruski, Mahdi M Abu-Omar
Lignocellulosic biomass is a promising sustainable feedstock for the production of biofuels, biomaterials, and bio-specialty chemicals. However, efficient utilization of biomass has been limited by our poor understanding of its molecular structure. Here, we report a dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced solid-state (SS)NMR study of the molecular structure of biomass, both pre- and post-catalytic treatment. This technique enables the measurement of 2D homonuclear (13)C-(13)C correlation SSNMR spectra under natural abundance, yielding, for the first time, an atomic-level picture of the structure of raw and catalytically treated biomass samples...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
: Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
Tahseen Kamal, Ikram Ahmad, Sher Bahadar Khan, Abdullah M Asiri
Cellulose acetate fibers (CAfiber), and sheets (CAsheet) were prepared by wet-spinning, and doctor blade methods, respectively. For CAfiber, the CA-acetone solution was pushed through narrow orifice of the medical syringe into a coagulating bath containing water. The same polymer solution was used for the fabrication of CAsheet. The prepared CAfiber and CAsheet were dipped in a 0.1M aqueous AgNO3 solution followed by treatment with 0.1M NaBH4 aqueous solution to synthesize the Ag nanoparticles over stated substrates...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yohei Noda, Satoshi Koizumi, Tomomi Masui, Ryo Mashita, Hiroyuki Kishimoto, Daisuke Yamaguchi, Takayuki Kumada, Shin-Ichi Takata, Kazuki Ohishi, Jun-Ichi Suzuki
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) at low temperature (1.2 K) and high magnetic field (3.3 T) was applied to a contrast variation study in small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) focusing on industrial rubber materials. By varying the scattering contrast by DNP, time-of-flight SANS profiles were obtained at the pulsed neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The concentration of a small organic molecule, (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-yl)oxy (TEMPO), was carefully controlled by a doping method using vapour sorption into the rubber specimens...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Crystallography
Jeong Hwa Song, Yeonga Kim, Kwang Soo Lim, Dong Won Kang, Woo Ram Lee, Chang Seop Hong
Five-fold interpenetrated Zn(II) frameworks (1 and 2) have been prepared, and an irreversible phase transformation from 1 to 2 is found to occur through a dissolution-recrystallization process. Compound 1 exhibits the highest quenching efficiency (>96%) for nitrobenzene at 7 ppm among luminescent coordination polymers. Selective discrimination of nitroaromatic molecules including o-nitrophenol (o-NP), p-nitrophenol (p-NP), 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) is realized in 1 and 2 as a result of the fact that the framework-analyte interaction affords characteristic emission signals...
January 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Diane Daube, Victoria Aladin, Jörg Heiliger, Johannes J Wittmann, Dominic Barthelmes, Christian Bengs, Harald Schwalbe, Björn Corzilius
We report on the spontaneous polarization transfer from dynamically hyperpolarized (1)H to (13)C during magic-angle spinning dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) at temperatures around 100 K. The transfer is mediated by (1)H-(13)C cross-relaxation within methyl groups due to reorientation dynamics, and results in an inverted (13)C NMR signal of enhanced amplitude. Further spreading of transferred polarization can then occur via (13)C-(13)C spin-diffusion. The resulting process is equal to the nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) where typically continuous saturation of (1)H by radio frequency irradiation is employed...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tatiana V Esipova, Héctor J Rivera-Jacquez, Bruno Weber, Artëm E Masunov, Sergei A Vinogradov
The ability to form triplet excited states upon two-photon excitation is important for several applications of metalloporphyrins, including two-photon phosphorescence lifetime microscopy (2PLM) and two-photon photodynamic therapy (PDT). Here we analyzed one-photon (1P) and degenerate two-photon (2P) absorption properties of several phosphorescent Pt (II) porphyrins, focusing on the effects of aromatic π-extension and peripheral substitution on triplet emissivity and two-photon absorption (2PA). Our 2PA measurements for the first time made use of direct time-resolved detection of phosphorescence, having the ability to efficiently reject laser background through microsecond time gating...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jun Qian, Shinji Ito, Junko Satoh, Hongmin Geng, Keisuke Tanaka, Shunji Hattori, Kenji Kojima, Teisuke Takita, Kiyoshi Yasukawa
Bovine type I collagen consists of two α1 and one α2 chains, containing the internal triple helical regions and the N- and C-terminal telopeptides. In industries, it is frequently digested with porcine pepsin to produce a triple helical collagen without the telopeptides. However, the digestion mechanism is not precisely understood. Here, we performed a mass spectrometric analysis of the pepsin digest of the N-terminal telopeptide pQLSYGYDEKSTGISVP (1-16) in the α1 chain. When purified collagen was digested, pQLSYGY (1-6) and pQLSYGYDEKSTG (1-12) were identified, while DEKSTG (7-12) was not...
December 9, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Viktor Ivády, Paul V Klimov, Kevin C Miao, Abram L Falk, David J Christle, Krisztián Szász, Igor A Abrikosov, David D Awschalom, Adam Gali
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is an attractive method for initializing nuclear spins that are strongly coupled to optically active electron spins because it functions at room temperature and does not require strong magnetic fields. In this Letter, we theoretically demonstrate that DNP, with near-unity polarization efficiency, can be generally realized in weakly coupled electron spin-nuclear spin systems. Furthermore, we theoretically and experimentally show that the nuclear spin polarization can be reversed by magnetic field variations as small as 0...
November 25, 2016: Physical Review Letters
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