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Naglaa A Ahmed, Osama M Mostafa
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae are very common cutaneous disorders that produce great psychological stress for women. OBJECTIVE: measure and compare between efficacy and tolerability of three modalities for treatment of striae distensae. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five female patients with striae distensae were randomly selected from the outpatient dermatology clinics of Al-Zahra university Hospital within 6 months period. Patients divided into three groups according to the therapeutic modalities were used...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Sidharth Sonthalia, Deepak Jakhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Frederik Frøsig Gai, Cecilie Kirketerp Hedemand, Deon C Louw, Kolette Grobler, Bernd Krock, Øjvind Moestrup, Nina Lundholm
A field study was undertaken to investigate the occurrence and toxin production of species in the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia in Namibian waters, in the extremely productive Benguela upwelling system. From surveys conducted on the R/V Mirabilis and the R/V !Anichab, 52 strains were morphologically determined to species level, supported by nuclear ITS rDNA data. Seven species were identified; P. australis, P. decipiens, P. dolorosa, P. fraudulenta, P. plurisecta, P. pungens var. cingulata, and the new species P...
June 2018: Harmful Algae
Vasileios I Theofilou, Alexandra Sklavounou, Prokopios P Argyris, Evanthia Chrysomali
Background: Verruciform xanthoma is an uncommon benign tumor, which exhibits a wide range of clinical patterns. The occurrence of the lesion in patients with immune-mediated mucocutaneous diseases may suggest a role of localized epithelial cell damage and chronic inflammation in its pathogenesis. Case Report: A case of verruciform xanthoma on the tongue of a 56-year-old female with oral lichen planus is reported. An asymptomatic pink-white lesion with a granular surface was observed in the left lateral lingual border, which was closely associated with a white plaque and striae...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
Mohammad-Reza Sedaghat, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Renato Ambrósio, Hamid-Reza Heidari, Nasim Maddah, Zeynab Danesh, Fatemeh Sabzi
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic capability of corneal shape and biomechanical parameters for distinguishing normal eyes from frank keratoconus (KCN). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of eyes of 137 control subjects and 145 patients with KCN, with one of their eyes randomly selected as the study eye. Corneal biomechanical parameters were assessed using the Corvis ST (Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH) and Oculus Response Analyzer (Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments)...
May 25, 2018: Cornea
Heng Luo, Achille Fokoue-Nkoutche, Nalini Singh, Lun Yang, Jianying Hu, Ping Zhang
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) present a major burden for patients and the healthcare industry. Various computational methods have been developed to predict ADRs for drug molecules. However, many of these methods require experimental or surveillance data and cannot be used when only structural information is available. We collected 1,231 small molecule drugs and 600 human proteins and utilized molecular docking to generate binding features among them. We developed machine learning models that use these docking features to make predictions for 1,533 ADRs...
May 23, 2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Benigno Monteagudo, Miguel Cabanillas, Pilar Iriarte, Aquilina Ramírez-Santos, Elvira León-Muinos, Daniel González-Vilas, Óscar Suárez-Amor
Clindamycin is a lincomycin-derived antibiotic useful for the treatment of anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections. Cutaneous adverse reactions are usually maculopapular exanthemas, although hypersensitivity syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have also been reported (1). We report the case of a patient with a maculopapular rash triggered by clindamycin who developed cutaneous lesions on striae distensae (SD). A 47-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for pruritic cutaneous lesions which had started 6 days earlier...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Jean-Pierre Danjoux
PURPOSE: To report three cases of late-onset (7-14 years postoperative) traumatic dislocation of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps with epithelial ingrowth that all had delayed surgical intervention. METHODS: A retrospective, interventional case series of three patients who underwent flap repositioning and mechanical debridement of epithelial ingrowth, all after an initial delayed diagnosis/treatment of dislocated LASIK flap. RESULTS: Visual improvement was noted in all three cases following LASIK flap repositioning and debridement of epithelial ingrowth; patient 1 improved from 20/800 corrected-distance-visual-acuity (CDVA) to 20/20 uncorrected-distance-visual-acuity (UDVA) postoperative (14 years post-LASIK, 5-week interval between injury and surgery), patient 2 improved from 20/50 CDVA to 20/20 CDVA (10 years post-LASIK, 4-month interval between injury and surgery) and patient 3 improved from 20/80 CDVA to 20/60 CDVA (7 years post-LASIK, 14-month interval between injury and surgery)...
May 12, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Lisa A Zaleski-Larsen, Isabela T Jones, Isabella Guiha, Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Few effective treatments exist for striae alba, which are the mature stage of stretch marks. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the nonablative fractional 1,565-nm Er:glass and the picosecond fractional 1,064/532-nm Nd:YAG lasers in the treatment of striae alba. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects with striae alba on the bilateral abdomen were treated with either the nonablative fractional 1565-nm Er:glass or the picosecond fractional 1,064/532-nm Nd:YAG laser, with a total of 3 treatments 3 weeks apart...
May 9, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Hend D Gamil, Samia A Ibrahim, Howyda M Ebrahim, Waleed Albalat
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) are dermal scars associated with atrophy of the epidermis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect and safety of intralesional injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) versus topical tretinoin 0.05% in treatment of SD. METHODS: Thirty patients (27 females and 3 males) had bilateral striae distensae were enrolled in this study. In every patient, half of the selected striae were treated with PRP intralesional injection...
May 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Kayathi Chetana, Roshni Menon, Brinda G David
BACKGROUND: Onychoscopy is the dermoscopic evaluation of nail and associated structures. It is useful in identifying the various onychoscopic patterns which act as a link between naked eye examination and nail histopathology and may help in avoiding nail biopsy in unnecessary cases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the onychoscopic patterns in confirmed cases of onychomycosis. METHODS: An observational, prospective, cross-sectional study was performed in 500 patients with symptoms related to the nails and nail folds...
July 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Lizhi Wang, Jing Xue, Xiaochen Li
The new species from the Liupan Mountains in China, Pseudechiniscus xiai sp. nov., differs from other Pseudechiniscus species by the following characters: absence of striae between dots which institute cuticular sculpture, projections absent on caudal margin of pseudosegmental plate, notches absent on caudal margin of terminal plate, dots on ventral side of body forms a reticular patched design. A diagnostic key to the Chinese Pseudechiniscus species is provided.
March 1, 2018: Zootaxa
MichaËl Manuel, Albert Deler-hernÁndez, Yoandri S Megna, JiŘÍ HÁjek
The species of the genus Copelatus Erichson, 1832 occurring in the Dominican Republic are reviewed. Five species are recorded, with recent collecting data provided for four of them. Copelatus martini sp. nov., a member of the consors species group, is described and illustrated. It is compared to the apparently similar species C. guadelupensis Legros, 1948 based on morphological characters and on partial sequences of the CO1 gene. Interesting cases of intraspecific variability in the number of elytral dorsal striae in C...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Saulo S Amorim, Roy A Norton, Anibal R Oliveira
Neopilizetes is a genus of the oribatid mite family Galumnidae that was first characterized by having well-developed setae, a dorsosejugal suture, and raised striae on the prodorsum and notogaster. It was proposed to accommodate Pilizetes neotropicus Balogh Mahunka 1978 from Brazil-the only supposed Pilizetes species known outside the Ethiopian Region-and it has remained monotypic. We found adults of N. neotropicus and four related species in soil-litter interface samples of a single cacao plantation in Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil...
April 18, 2018: Zootaxa
Youssef M Omar, Runzhi Zhang, Steven R Davis
Following recent taxonomic study, Macrorhyncolus spinosus sp. nov. is described from China. Earlier, Macrorhyncolus included four species, M. crassiusculus, M. crassitarsis, M. littoralis and M. ventilaginis. A key is presented to all known species of Macrorhyncolus in the Palaearctic Region and China. Illustrations of diagnostic characters of the new species are provided. Macrorhyncolus spinosus is winged, has larger eyes, the rostrum is longer than wide and has a median furrow in the basal half, extending to the vertex, and striae 9 and 10 remain separate from base to apex...
December 20, 2017: Zootaxa
Michael Mimouni, Igor Vainer, Negme Assad, Achia Nemet, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, Igor Kaiserman
PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence, indications, and outcomes associated with early flap relifting after uncomplicated laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: All LASIK cases from a single surgical center between 2007 and 2015 were reviewed. Early postoperative flap lift cases (<15 d after surgery) were identified. RESULTS: Overall, 25,712 eyes were included, of which 366 (1.42%) underwent early postoperative flap lifting. There was a significant reduction in early postoperative flap lifting rates from 2006 (2...
April 18, 2018: Cornea
Antoine Tabarin
"Subclinical hypercortisolism" (SH) refers to a condition associated with a mild chronic increase in cortisol secretion. By definition, patients with SH do not exhibit specific symptoms of overt Cushing's syndrome (such as purple striae, easy bruising, proximal muscle weakness), SH has been preferred to "subclinical Cushing's syndrome", a semantic ambiguity since Cushing's syndrome is, by definition, a set of symptoms; and to the term "preclinical Cushing syndrome" because the progression toward overt clinical hypercortisolism is very rare...
June 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi
A19-year-old man presented with decreased vision in the right eye following a bee sting injury, ten days back. Examination revealed conjunctival hyperemia at the site of the sting, anterior uveitis, vitritis, mild disc hyperemia, ocular hypotony, and striae at macula. Treatment was initiated elsewhere with topical antibiotics, steroid, and cycloplegic. Systemic steroids were added. Three weeks later, vitiritis resolved, intraocular pressure became normal and the vision improved from 20/60 to 20/20. However, a chorioretinal atrophy in the vicinity of the sting site was noted...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Sidharth Sonthalia, Sangeeta Varma, Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Deepak Jakhar, Feroze Kaliyadan
Dermoscopy, a non-invasive technique for cutaneous diagnosis is being increasingly studied in various disorders of the skin, nails and scalp. However, it has been under-utilized for the diagnosis and characterization of mucosal disorders. The dermoscopic characterization of cutaneous lichen planus and its variants has been well documented with Wickham's striae constituting the hallmark of the condition. However, the dermoscopic features of oral lichen planus with hand-held or videodermoscopy remain to be elucidated...
2018: F1000Research
Q P Trinh, T M L Le, T D Nguyen, H T Nguyen, G Liebanas, T A D Nguyen
The root-knot nematode species Meloidogyne daklakensis n. sp. was discovered on the roots of Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner) in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam. This species is characterized by the females having rounded or oval perineal patterns, smooth, regular, continuous striae, and reduced lateral lines. The dorsal arch is low, rounded and encloses a quite distinct vulva and tail tip. The stylet is normally straight with well-developed and posteriorly sloped knobs. The males have a rounded cap that extends posteriorly into the lip region...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
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