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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234716/physiologic-changes-of-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Catherine C Motosko, Amy Kalowitz Bieber, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz, Jennifer A Stein, Kathryn J Martires
Throughout pregnancy, the body undergoes a variety of physiologic changes. The cutaneous findings can be most noticeable and often worrisome to both physicians and patients. Obstetricians and dermatologists must be able to differentiate between changes that are benign and those that may be pathologic. Most physicians recognize benign changes that are commonly described in literature such as hyperpigmentation, melasma, striae gravidarum, and telogen effluvium; however, they may be unaware of changes that tend to be less frequently discussed...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224032/microneedling-a-new-approach-for-treating-textural-abnormalities-and-scars
#2
Sara Hogan, Mara Weinstein Velez, Omer Ibrahim
Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure wherein small holes are created across the stratum corneum while keeping the epidermis partially intact. This produces microchannels that increase skin permeability and simultaneously stimulate growth factor release. Since the epidermis is retained, microneedling has less risk of infection, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, and scarring compared to other resurfacing modalities. This is a review of the literature on microneedling in the treatment of textural abnormalities, specifically rhytides, scars, and striae...
December 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214715/cutometric-assessment-of-elasticity-of-skin-with-striae-distensae-following-carboxytherapy
#3
Kasjana Podgórna, Anna Kołodziejczak, Helena Rotsztejn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of carboxytherapy in the treatment of striae distensae. Additionally, discomfort and side effects associated with the treatment were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 15 women aged 22-40 years. They underwent 3 sessions of carboxytherapy at one-week intervals. Treatment was performed in skin area within stretch marks located on stomach, buttocks, and thighs. Cutometric probe was used to evaluate skin elasticity...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202350/case-report-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-in-a-young-male-with-hidden-lung-carcinoid-tumor
#4
Ghanem Aljassem, Hazem Aljasem
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing's in which a tumor outside the pituitary gland produces adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Small cell carcinoma and carcinoid of the lung comprises half of its cases. The main purpose of this study is to present a case of ectopic Cushing syndrome caused by a hidden lung carcinoid and how to manage it. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 26year old young male complains of increased weight and appetite, proximal muscle weakness, easy bruising and appearing of purple striae on his abdomen, with a final diagnosis of ACTH secreting lung carcinoid...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200918/a-new-subspecies-of-sea-snake-hydrophis-platurus-xanthos-from-golfo-dulce-costa-rica
#5
Brooke L Bessesen, Gary J Galbreath
We describe a distinctive new subspecies of sea snake from the occasionally anoxic inner-basin waters of Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica, based on combined data garnered between 2010 and 2017 for 154 specimens, 123 free-ranging and 31 museum-held. The yellow sea snake, Hydrophis platurus xanthos Bessesen & Galbreath, subsp. n., is diagnosed by a notably smaller body size and nearly uniform yellow coloration, which contrasts with the black and yellow striae and tail spots or bands typical of the species. Within the modest geographic range (circa 320 km2), nearly all specimens possess both diagnostic character states...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184811/dermatologic-manifestations-of-endocrine-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Michael Lause, Alisha Kamboj, Esteban Fernandez Faith
The skin serves as a window for clinicians to understand, diagnose, and monitor endocrine disease. Dermatologic manifestations of endocrinopathies contribute significantly to an individual's health and quality of life. In this review, we outline various disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal gland, and androgen axis as well as hereditary endocrine syndromes. In acromegaly, glycosaminoglycan deposition contributes to a thickening of skin and soft tissue, which manifests as coarsening and enlargement of facial and acral structures...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183344/oral-verruciform-xanthoma-and-erythroplakia-associated-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Giorgia Capocasale, Vera Panzarella, Pietro Tozzo, Rodolfo Mauceri, Vito Rodolico, Dorina Lauritano, Giuseppina Campisi
BACKGROUND: Oral verruciform xanthoma is an uncommon benign lesion. Although oral verruciform xanthoma occurs in healthy individuals, it has been also reported in association with some inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study is to report a case of oral verruciform xanthoma associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease and to review the literature on this topic. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old Caucasian male presented to the Sector of Oral Medicine "V...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183298/differences-in-corneal-clinical-findings-after-standard-and-accelerated-cross-linking-in-patients-with-progressive-keratoconus
#8
Karsten U Kortuem, Efstathios Vounotrypidis, Alexandros Athanasiou, Michael Müller, Alexander Babenko, Christoph Kern, Siegfried Priglinger, Wolfgang J Mayer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in clinical corneal findings after standard and accelerated epithelial off cross-linking (CXL) during a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Two hundred forty-one patients (184 male) were included in this monocentric, retrospective, non-randomized and unmasked study. One hundred forty-eight eyes were treated with the accelerated protocol and 138 with the standard protocol with epithelial off CXL, if diagnosed with keratoconus and a progression in Kmax of more than one dioptre during the preceding 6 months, plus a minimal pachymetry measurement of 400 μm in keratometry (Pentacam, Oculus GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany)...
November 28, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159996/demographic-characteristics-of-teenage-boys-with-horizontal-striae-distensae-of-the-lower-back
#9
Emily Boozalis, Anna L Grossberg, Katherine B Puttgen, Candrice R Heath, Bernard A Cohen
BACKGROUND: This study examines the clinical characteristics and demographics of teenage boys with horizontal striae distensae of the lower back in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Retrospective medical chart reviews and telephone survey studies were completed on an outpatient cohort of 12 boys 11 to 17 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of transverse striae distensae of the lower back at a single-center, university-based, pediatric dermatology practice. We evaluated the clinical features of the striae, participant demographic characteristics, and past medical history...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155694/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-in-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#10
Yavuz K Aribas, Zeynep Aktas, Kemal Bayrakceken, Tuba Atalay, Sengul Ozdek
PURPOSE: To report a case of primary congenital glaucoma associated with paracentral acute middle maculopathy. METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: A 14-year-old girl with undiagnosed primary congenital glaucoma was referred for the evaluation of sudden vision loss a week after the initial symptoms. Visual acuity was counting fingers at 2 m in the right eye. Examination of her right eye revealed corneal stromal scar like Haab striae, splinter hemorrhage at the temporal border of the optic disk, perivenular hemorrhage, and fern-like white area at the macula...
November 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140866/one-thousand-five-hundred-fifty-nanometer-erbium-doped-nonablative-fractional-laser-for-the-treatment-of-striae-distensae-in-patients-of-skin-of-color-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iv-vi
#11
Kelly K Park, Erin Roberts, Rebecca C Tung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118985/acute-development-of-cushing-syndrome-in-an-hiv-infected-child-on-atazanavir-ritonavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Gueorgui Dubrocq, Andrea Estrada, Shannon Kelly, Natella Rakhmanina
An 11-year-old male with perinatally acquired human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral regimen, which included abacavir plus lamivudine (Epzicom), didanosine, ritonavir and atazanavir presented with bilateral axillary striae, increased appetite, fatigue, facial swelling and acute weight gain. Two months prior to presentation, the patient had received a diagnostic and therapeutic intra-articular triamcinolone injection in the knee for pain relief and subsequently became progressively swollen in the face, developed striae bilaterally at the axillae, experienced increased appetite, fatigue and an 8 pound weight gain...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105985/do-body-build-and-composition-influence-striae-distensae-occurrence-and-visibility-in-women
#13
Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Bogusław Antoszewski
BACKGROUND: Striae have been reported to be one of the most common skin changes and a commonly encountered esthetic problem. OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors of striae not associated with pregnancy and verify if body build and composition influence striae distensae (SD) occurrence and visibility. METHODS: Eighty female students (40 with striae (the mean age 23.9 years, SD 2.05 years) and 40 without these lesions (24.7 years, SD 6.2 years)) were included in the study...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094366/observer-blind-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-cosmetic-blend-of-safflower-olive-and-other-plant-oils-in-the-improvement-of-scar-and-striae-appearance
#14
Stephan Bielfeldt, Jürgen Blaak, Rainer Wohlfart, Caroline Manger, Klaus-P Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: The normal process of skin tissue repair following injury invariably results in visual scarring. It is known that topical treatment with hydrophobic cosmetics high in silicone and mineral oil content can improve the appearance of scars and striae. Given lifestyle preferences of many cosmetic consumers towards so-called natural treatments, the objective of this controlled randomized study was to investigate the efficacy of a plant body oil rich in oleic and linoleic acids (Bio Skin Oil(®) ) for improving the appearance of scars and striae...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077504/point-of-care-diagnosis-of-onychomycosis-by-dermoscopy
#15
Myron A Bodman
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is one of the most common diseases of the toenails. The costs of diagnosis and treatment are substantial, and as the population ages, the overall cost burden will continue to escalate. The purpose of this study was to correlate dermoscopic features with pathologic diagnosis to support the accuracy of point-of-care diagnosis by dermoscopic examination. METHODS: Nail unit pathology reports of 52 patients with abnormal great toenails were compared with the dermoscopic features detected by nail unit dermoscopy...
September 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062646/calcium-hydroxylapatite-combined-with-microneedling-and-ascorbic-acid-is-effective-for-treating-stretch-marks
#16
Gabriela Casabona, Paula Marchese
BACKGROUND: Stretch marks can have a negative psychological impact on some individuals. Methods are available for treating stretch marks, but high-quality evidence supporting their use is limited. We treat stretch marks using injections of diluted calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA, Radiesse) filler combined with microneedling and topical ascorbic acid. This retrospective study evaluated the effectiveness of this combined therapy. METHODS: Subjects presented with red (n = 25) or white (n = 10) striae on their buttocks, thighs, knees, abdomen, and breasts...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062150/morphological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-pratylenchus-haiduongensis-sp-n-a-new-species-of-root-lesion-nematodes-associated-with-carrot-in-vietnam
#17
Thi Duyen Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Quang Phap Trinh
Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n. is described as associated with carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Schübl. & G. Martens) in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam. P. haiduongensis sp. n. is characterized by the lip region with three annuli and slightly separated from the body. Stylet knobs are rounded (never indented anteriorly). The lateral field includes four incisures, bearing areolation at the pharynx region and tail region and occasionally appears in the vulval region. Sometimes the appearances of oblique broken striaes divide the lateral field into five or six incisures...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051516/stromal-striae-a-new-insight-into-corneal-physiology-and-mechanics
#18
Kate Grieve, Djida Ghoubay, Cristina Georgeon, Gael Latour, Amir Nahas, Karsten Plamann, Caroline Crotti, Romain Bocheux, Marie Borderie, Thu-Mai Nguyen, Felipe Andreiuolo, Marie-Claire Schanne-Klein, Vincent Borderie
We uncover the significance of a previously unappreciated structural feature in corneal stroma, important to its biomechanics. Vogt striae are a known clinical indicator of keratoconus, and consist of dark, vertical lines crossing the corneal depth. However we detected stromal striae in most corneas, not only keratoconus. We observed striae with multiple imaging modalities in 82% of 118 human corneas, with pathology-specific differences. Striae generally depart from anchor points at Descemet's membrane in the posterior stroma obliquely in a V-shape, whereas in keratoconus, striae depart vertically from posterior toward anterior stroma...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034606/do-mid-crown-enamel-formation-front-angles-reflect-factors-linked-to-the-pace-of-primate-growth-and-development
#19
Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg, James D Pampush, Mackie C O'Hara, Song Xing, W Scott McGraw, Rebecca J Ferrell
Enamel formation front (EFF) angles represent the leading edge of enamel matrix secretion at particular points in time. These angles are influenced by rates of enamel extension (the rates at which tooth crowns grow in height), rates of enamel matrix secretion and the angles that prisms make with the enamel-dentine junction. Previous research suggests, but has not yet established, that these angles reflect aspects of primate biology related to their pace of growth and development, most notably brain and body size...
October 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980136/treatment-of-striae-distensae-with-non-ablative-fractional-laser-clinical-and-in-vivo-microscopic-documentation-of-treatment-efficacy
#20
Stefania Guida, M G Galimberti, M Bencini, G Pellacani, P L Bencini
The efficacy of NAFL in the treatment of striae distensae (SD) has been demonstrated. Nevertheless, the base for this improvement has not been clarified yet. The aim of this study is to describe in vivo variations occurring in the skin after the treatment, using reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM). Ten patients asking for the treatment of SD were enrolled. Clinical and RCM images were acquired before the treatment, immediately after 1 and 6 months after the first treatment. One thousand five hundred forty-nanometer laser treatments were performed every 4 weeks for 6 sessions...
October 4, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
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