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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672432/incidence-indications-and-outcomes-of-eyes-needing-early-flap-lifting-after-lasik
#1
Michael Mimouni, Igor Vainer, Negme Assad, Achia Nemet, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, Igor Kaiserman
PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence, indications, and outcomes associated with early flap relifting after uncomplicated laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: All LASIK cases from a single surgical center between 2007 and 2015 were reviewed. Early postoperative flap lift cases (<15 d after surgery) were identified. RESULTS: Overall, 25,712 eyes were included, of which 366 (1.42%) underwent early postoperative flap lifting. There was a significant reduction in early postoperative flap lifting rates from 2006 (2...
April 18, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661471/do-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-subclinical-hypercortisolism-exist
#2
Antoine Tabarin
"Subclinical hypercortisolism" (SH) refers to a condition associated with a mild chronic increase in cortisol secretion. By definition, patients with SH do not exhibit specific symptoms of overt Cushing's syndrome (such as purple striae, easy bruising, proximal muscle weakness), SH has been preferred to "subclinical Cushing's syndrome", a semantic ambiguity since Cushing's syndrome is, by definition, a set of symptoms; and to the term "preclinical Cushing syndrome" because the progression toward overt clinical hypercortisolism is very rare...
April 13, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623252/intraocular-inflammation-in-a-case-of-bee-sting-injury
#3
Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi
A19-year-old man presented with decreased vision in the right eye following a bee sting injury, ten days back. Examination revealed conjunctival hyperemia at the site of the sting, anterior uveitis, vitritis, mild disc hyperemia, ocular hypotony, and striae at macula. Treatment was initiated elsewhere with topical antibiotics, steroid, and cycloplegic. Systemic steroids were added. Three weeks later, vitiritis resolved, intraocular pressure became normal and the vision improved from 20/60 to 20/20. However, a chorioretinal atrophy in the vicinity of the sting site was noted...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623194/case-report-dermoscopic-features-of-oral-lichen-planus-the-evolution-of-mucoscopy
#4
Sidharth Sonthalia, Sangeeta Varma, Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Deepak Jakhar, Feroze Kaliyadan
Dermoscopy, a non-invasive technique for cutaneous diagnosis is being increasingly studied in various disorders of the skin, nails and scalp. However, it has been under-utilized for the diagnosis and characterization of mucosal disorders. The dermoscopic characterization of cutaneous lichen planus and its variants has been well documented with Wickham's striae constituting the hallmark of the condition. However, the dermoscopic features of oral lichen planus with hand-held or videodermoscopy remain to be elucidated...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619918/meloidogyne-daklakensis-n-sp-nematoda-meloidogynidae-a-new-root-knot-nematode-associated-with-robusta-coffee-coffea-canephora-pierre-ex-a-froehner-in-the-western-highlands-vietnam
#5
Q P Trinh, T M L Le, T D Nguyen, H T Nguyen, G Liebanas, T A D Nguyen
The root-knot nematode species Meloidogyne daklakensis n. sp. was discovered on the roots of Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner) in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam. This species is characterized by the females having rounded or oval perineal patterns, smooth, regular, continuous striae, and reduced lateral lines. The dorsal arch is low, rounded and encloses a quite distinct vulva and tail tip. The stylet is normally straight with well-developed and posteriorly sloped knobs. The males have a rounded cap that extends posteriorly into the lip region...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599822/novel-phenotype-of-5p13-3-q11-2-duplication-resulting-from-supernumerary-marker-chromosome-5-implications-for-management-and-genetic-counseling
#6
Margaret E Armstrong, David D Weaver, Melissa D Lah, Gail H Vance, Benjamin J Landis, Stephanie M Ware, Benjamin M Helm
Background: Supernumerary marker chromosomes derived from chromosome 5 (SMC5) and 5p13 duplication syndrome are rare disorders, and phenotypic descriptions of patients are necessary to better define genotype-phenotype correlations for accurate, comprehensive genetic counseling. The purpose of this study is to highlight the unique findings of a patient with a 5p13.3-q11.2 duplication arising from a SMC5 and compare and contrast the phenotype with cases in the literature. Case presentation: We report on an adult male with a 22 Mb duplication of chromosome 5p13...
2018: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595222/cause-or-consequence-identification-of-collagen-remodelling-in-striae
#7
P Sambi, R E B Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590164/differentiating-percussion-pits-and-carnivore-tooth-pits-using-3d-reconstructions-and-geometric-morphometrics
#8
José Yravedra, Julia Aramendi, Miguel Ángel Maté-González, Lloyd Austin Courtenay, Diego González-Aguilera
During the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century the discussion on early human behavioral patterns revolved around the hunting versus scavenging debate. The correct identification of bone modifications, including percussion, cut and tooth marks, is a key issue within this debate. While many authors have shown that carnivore and human modifications can be easily distinguished, it is true that sometimes percussion marks without associated microstriations and tooth pits overlap morphologically, causing confusion, especially when unmodified hammerstones are used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570126/the-association-of-abdominal-striae-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#9
Jeannine M Miranne, MaryJo E Kramer, Mihriye Mete, Cheryl B Iglesia
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of abdominal wall striae among women with and without pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in a population with pelvic floor disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included nonpregnant women with urinary incontinence and POP presenting to a tertiary urogynecology practice between December 2012 and August 2013. Participants completed a nonvalidated questionnaire about striae, and the degree of abdominal wall striae was quantified on physical examination...
March 21, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560478/pseudo-duplication-of-the-optic-disc-with-maculo-schisis-in-a-9-year-old-patient
#10
Nimrod Dar, Alexander Rubowitz
Purpose: To report a unique case of pseudo-duplication of the optic disc with maculo-schisis. Observations: A 9-year-old girl presented with decreased vision in the left eye. Her measured visual acuity was 20/50. Dilated fundus examination revealed an optic disc-like lesion with a large crater-like depression, pale color and aberrant retinal vasculature arising from its lower region. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) demonstrated maculo-schisis emerging from the optic disc complex and involving the foveal region...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547019/galvano-puncture-and-dermabrasion-for-striae-distensae-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ana Carolina Ribeiro Ferreira, Ana Cláudia Pereira Guida, Adriana Arruda Piccini, Júlia Risso Parisi, Ligia de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of galvano-puncture (GG) and dermabrasion (DG) in reducing striae distensae in the gluteal region of women. METHODS: This randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial was conducted at the UNIFAL-MG. Participants were 48 female who had striae distensae alba in the gluteal region. They were randomly divided in GG; DG; and Control Group (CG). The length and width of the largest striae were measured (in millimeters) using a caliper...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534636/maternal-and-fetal-effects-of-chocolate-consumption-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#12
Rabia Latif
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to explore the effects of chocolate consumption during pregnancy on fetus and mother herself. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials/quasi-experimental/observational/controlled before and after studies involving chocolate/cocoa/cacao consumption (irrespective of type or dose, composition, exposure period, and method of administration) among pregnant women/animals; and measuring any outcome (beneficial or harmful) related to fetus or mother after chocolate exposure were included...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523633/management-of-endocrine-disease-management-of-cushing-s-syndrome-during-pregnancy-solved-and-unsolved-questions
#13
Thierry Brue, Vincent Amodru, Frédéric Castinetti
With fewer than 200 reported cases, Cushing's syndrome (CS) in pregnancy remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. In normal pregnancies, misleading signs may be observed such as striae or hypokalemia, while plasma cortisol and urinary free cortisol may rise up to 2-3-fold. While the dexamethasone suppression test is difficult to use, reference values for salivary cortisol appear valid. The predominant cause is adrenal adenoma (sometimes without decreased ACTH), rather than Cushing's disease. There are considerable imaging pitfalls in Cushing's disease...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516199/keratoconus-like-tomographic-changes-in-a-case-of-recurrent-interstitial-keratitis
#14
Marie-Sophie Hanet, Annette Zimpfer, Sabine Lepper, Berthold Seitz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this report was to describe a single case of recurrent interstitial keratitis in a young patient leading to keratoconus-like corneal changes. RESULTS: Over the 2 years follow-up, the patient developed clinical signs of keratoconus with Vogt's striae, Fleischer Ring and paracentral stromal thinning in the affected eye only. The tomographic measurements revealed a rapid reduction of corneal thickness from 581 to 303 μm and an irregular steepening of the pathological cornea...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513616/retinal-pigment-epithelium-detachment-in-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-an-unusual-finding-at-presentation
#15
Sana Khochtali, Imen Ksiaa, Kenza Megzari, Moncef Khairallah
PURPOSE: To report the cases of two patients who presented with acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and associated retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED). METHODS: 2 case reports. Case 1: A 22-year-old male patient complained of acute bilateral decrease in vision. Initial best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/63, OU. There was 1+ vitreous cells, OU, exudative retinal detachment (ERD) in the right eye (RE), and a macular deep yellow lesion suggestive of PED in the left eye (LE)...
March 7, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498185/collagen-type-iii-and-elastin-genes-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-nonsyndromic-striae
#16
Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Michał Pietrusiński, Maciej Borowiec, Bogusław Antoszewski
BACKGROUND: Striae have been reported to be one of the most common skin lesions and a commonly encountered esthetic problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to examine elastin gene polymorphism (rs7787362, ELN) and collagen type III alpha 1 polymorphism (rs1800255, COL3A1) among polish woman population with SD in comparison with women without the lesions and to verify these polymorphisms as risk factors for SD. METHODS: Seventy female students (35 with striae (the mean age 23...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490571/vulval-lichen-planus-lichen-sclerosus-overlap
#17
Matthew Howard, Anthony Hall
Vulval lichen planus-lichen sclerosus overlap is an emerging observation. Few clinical reports exist with no reviews of literature. We present a focused update of this phenomenon and discuss a clinical case. We report a 63-year-old woman with a 20-year history of ulcerative vulvo-vaginitis, initially diagnosed as benign mucous membrane (cicatricial) pemphigoid. This led to prolonged treatment with oral corticosteroids with minimal improvement in symptoms. Subsequent complications of long-term use of systemic corticosteroid ensued...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451986/treatment-of-striae-distensae-an-evidence-based-approach
#18
Emily Forbat, Firas Al-Niaimi
Striae distensae (SD), otherwise known as "stretchmarks," are a common presenting complaint, particularly in young healthy women. SD are hypothesized to form in a patient when the cross-linked collagen is "overstretched" and rupture of this collagen matrix causes the striae. Thus, many treatments work by increasing collagen synthesis. This review critically appraises the evidence to date for the treatment of SD, including both energy-based devices and topical treatments.
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441292/dermoscopic-features-of-distal-lateral-subungual-onychomycosis
#19
Thansiha Nargis, Malcolm Pinto, Manjunath Mala Shenoy, Spandana Hegde
Background: Onychomycosis is a very common disease and accounts for upto 50% of the diseases affecting the nail apparatus. Diagnosis of onychomycosis is usually confirmed with the help of a potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount and fungal culture. Onychoscopy can be a handy and additional tool for the diagnosis. Aims and Objectives: To determine the dermoscopic findings in distal lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO). Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 60 nails with a clinical and mycological diagnosis (KOH with Chicago sky blue positive) of DLSO...
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422858/unilateral-keratoconus-after-chronic-eye-rubbing-by-the-nondominant-hand
#20
Nathalie Bral, Karolien Termote
Introduction: To report the development of unilateral keratoconus in a healthy male after persistent unilateral eye rubbing by the nondominant hand which was not needed for professional activities. Methods: Observational case report. Results: A 60-year-old male was first seen in our clinic due to decreased vision in his left eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy of the left eye revealed Vogt's striae, stromal thinning, and a stromal scar. Corneal topography showed a stage 4 keratoconus...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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