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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451986/treatment-of-striae-distensae-an-evidence-based-approach
#1
Emily Forbat, Firas Al-Niaimi
Striae distensae (SD), otherwise known as "stretchmarks," are a common presenting complaint, particularly in young healthy women. SD are hypothesized to form in a patient when the cross-linked collagen is "overstretched" and rupture of this collagen matrix causes the striae. Thus, many treatments work by increasing collagen synthesis. This review critically appraises the evidence to date for the treatment of SD, including both energy-based devices and topical treatments.
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441292/dermoscopic-features-of-distal-lateral-subungual-onychomycosis
#2
Thansiha Nargis, Malcolm Pinto, Manjunath Mala Shenoy, Spandana Hegde
Background: Onychomycosis is a very common disease and accounts for upto 50% of the diseases affecting the nail apparatus. Diagnosis of onychomycosis is usually confirmed with the help of a potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount and fungal culture. Onychoscopy can be a handy and additional tool for the diagnosis. Aims and Objectives: To determine the dermoscopic findings in distal lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO). Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 60 nails with a clinical and mycological diagnosis (KOH with Chicago sky blue positive) of DLSO...
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422858/unilateral-keratoconus-after-chronic-eye-rubbing-by-the-nondominant-hand
#3
Nathalie Bral, Karolien Termote
Introduction: To report the development of unilateral keratoconus in a healthy male after persistent unilateral eye rubbing by the nondominant hand which was not needed for professional activities. Methods: Observational case report. Results: A 60-year-old male was first seen in our clinic due to decreased vision in his left eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy of the left eye revealed Vogt's striae, stromal thinning, and a stromal scar. Corneal topography showed a stage 4 keratoconus...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411910/paratesticular-seminoma-echographic-features-and-histological-diagnosis-with-review-of-the-literature
#4
Andrea Palicelli, Pierluigi Neri, Giansilvio Marchioro, Paolo De Angelis, Gianmarco Bondonno, Antonio Ramponi
Primary extratesticular seminomas exceptionally occur in the epididymis or in the paratesticular region/spermatic cord. Some old papers included poor histological description or insufficient photographic documentation, reducing the number of faithful cases: an up-to-date systematic review is lacking. We report the 4th primary seminoma of the paratesticular region/spermatic cord in a 35-year-old man, including the first echographic description. We provide review of the literature and etiopathogenetic discussion...
February 7, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403182/management-of-stretch-marks-with-a-focus-on-striae-rubrae
#5
REVIEW
Uwe Wollina, Alberto Goldman
Stretch marks are one of the most common benign cutaneous lesions and encountered esthetic problems. Striae rubrae and striae albae can be differentiated on the basis of clinical appearance. Histologically, disturbances of the dermal fiber network and local expression of receptors for sexual steroids have been detected. The epidermal changes are secondary. Prevention of stretch marks using topical ointments and oils is debatable. Treatment of striae rubrae by lasers and light devices improves appearance. Microneedling and non-ablative and fractionated lasers have been used...
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399305/fractionated-co2-laser-in-the-treatment-of-striae-alba-in-darker-skinned-patients-a-prospective-study
#6
Zohreh Tehranchinia, Alireza Mahboubianfar, Hoda Rahimi, Nazanin Saedi
Introduction: In recent years, the positive effect of fractional CO2 laser on increasing collagen fibers, and consequently its effect on treating striae has been suggested. The present study aims to assess the effectiveness of CO2 fractional laser 10600-nm in the treatment of striae alba. Methods: In this prospective clinical trial, 2 treatment sessions of fractional CO2 laser with 4-week interval was given to 30 patients with striae alba. Cutaneous resonance running time (CRRT) was measured at baseline and at week 4 and 3 months after the last session of laser therapy...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390296/carney-complex-with-prkar1a-gene-mutation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Qiuli Liu, Dali Tong, Gaolei Liu, Yuting Yi, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Zhang, Yao Zhang, Zaoming Huang, Yaoming Li, Rongrong Chen, Yanfang Guan, Xin Yi, Jun Jiang
RATIONALE: Carney complex (CNC) is a multiple neoplasia syndrome with autosomal dominant inheritance. CNC is characterized by the presence of myxomas, spotty skin pigmentation, and endocrine overactivity. No direct correlation has been established between disease-causing mutations and phenotype. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old boy was admitted because of excessive weight gain over 3 years and purple striae for 1 year. Physical examination revealed Cushingoid features and spotty skin pigmentation on his face, lip, and sclera...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350685/re-orchestration-of-blood-flow-by-micro-circulations
#8
P A R Meyer
Haemoglobin Video Imaging (HVI) demonstrates conjunctival and episcleral blood flow in man with the resolution of a single erythrocyte. A new method for establishing vessel hierarchy in micro-circulations is described, which recognises either delivery or drainage vessels and references vessel order to the capillary. These tools have been used to characterise blood flow.Anterior ciliary arteries show pulsatile variation in diameter. The episcleral arterial circle that they supply has functional apices with pulsatile flow reversal...
January 19, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349523/prognostic-factors-of-pediatric-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study
#9
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Isabelle Fenzel, Xuefei Song, Achim Langenbucher, Barbara Kaesmann, Berthold Seitz, Zisis Gatzioufas
PURPOSE: To correlate the features of certain types of infantile glaucoma with the progression and the prognosis of the disease, highlighting probable risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with pediatric glaucoma were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients underwent ophthalmological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Saarland University Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2012. Our pediatric patients were classified into four different categories of glaucoma: (1) primary congenital glaucoma (presenting buphthalmus), (2) aniridia-related glaucoma, (3) Peters/Rieger's anomaly-related glaucoma and (4) congenital cataract-related glaucoma...
January 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335096/clinically-significant-laser-in%C3%A2-situ-keratomileusis-flap-striae
#10
Avi Wallerstein, Mathieu Gauvin, Eser Adiguzel, Harmanjit Singh, Vasudha Gupta, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Mark Cohen
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes before and after irrigation of clinically significant laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap striae. SETTING: Multisurgeon multicenter standardized protocol practice. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control series. METHODS: Eyes with striae necessitating flap relift and irrigation were identified. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected...
December 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316152/clinical-and-immunohistochemical-comparative-study-of-the-efficacy-of-carboxytherapy-vs-platelet-rich-plasma-in-treatment-of-stretch-marks
#11
Abeer A Hodeib, Ghada F R Hassan, Marwa N M Ragab, Eiman A Hasby
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae are dermal scars with a linear atrophic depression. The exact origin of striae distensae remains unrevealed, but low expression of collagen and fibronectin genes in the affected tissue was found. Several treatment modalities have been proposed, yet no consistent modality is available. AIM OF THE WORK: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of carboxytherapy vs platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treatment of stretch marks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 patients with striae alba...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308552/in-vivo-study-of-dermal-collagen-of-striae-distensae-by-confocal-raman-spectroscopy
#12
Pam Wen Lung, Vamshi Krishna Tippavajhala, Thiago de Oliveira Mendes, Claudio A Téllez-Soto, Desirée Cigaran Schuck, Carla Abdo Brohem, Marcio Lorencini, Airton Abrahão Martin
This research work mainly deals with studying qualitatively the changes in the dermal collagen of two forms of striae distensae (SD) namely striae rubrae (SR) and striae albae (SA) when compared to normal skin (NS) using confocal Raman spectroscopy. The methodology includes an in vivo human skin study for the comparison of confocal Raman spectra of dermis region of SR, SA, and NS by supervised multivariate analysis using partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) to determine qualitatively the changes in dermal collagen...
January 7, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277729/fractional-ablative-carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-improves-histological-and-clinical-aspects-of-striae-gravidarum-a-prospective-open-label-paired-study
#13
Elisete Isabel Crocco, Guilherme Muzy, Natalia Mendes Schowe, Marilia Silva Albuquerque, Mirna Duarte Barros, Hudson Sousa Buck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245654/contributions-to-the-palaeofauna-of-ptinidae-coleptera-known-from-baltic-amber
#14
Andris Bukejs, Vitalii I Alekseev, David M L Cooper, Gavin A King, Ryan C McKellar
Hemicoelus favonii sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Eocene Baltic amber. This new fossil species differs from extant congeners in having 11-segmented antennae; a metathoracic ventrite with large impression in its anterior portion; a pronotum distinctly narrower than the elytral base region; the posterior suture of abdominal ventrite 1 weakly arcuate medially; sharp lateral pronotal margins that are incomplete and distinct in their basal half only; elytral striae that are not grouped in pairs; posterior pronotal angles that are rounded; elytral intestriae 3, 5, 7 and 9 that are distinctly convex; and a comparatively small total body size...
November 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234716/physiologic-changes-of-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Catherine C Motosko, Amy Kalowitz Bieber, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz, Jennifer A Stein, Kathryn J Martires
Throughout pregnancy, the body undergoes a variety of physiologic changes. The cutaneous findings can be most noticeable and often worrisome to both physicians and patients. Obstetricians and dermatologists must be able to differentiate between changes that are benign and those that may be pathologic. Most physicians recognize benign changes that are commonly described in literature such as hyperpigmentation, melasma, striae gravidarum, and telogen effluvium; however, they may be unaware of changes that tend to be less frequently discussed...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224032/microneedling-a-new-approach-for-treating-textural-abnormalities-and-scars
#16
Sara Hogan, Mara Weinstein Velez, Omer Ibrahim
Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure wherein small holes are created across the stratum corneum while keeping the epidermis partially intact. This produces microchannels that increase skin permeability and simultaneously stimulate growth factor release. Since the epidermis is retained, microneedling has less risk of infection, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, and scarring compared to other resurfacing modalities. This is a review of the literature on microneedling in the treatment of textural abnormalities, specifically rhytides, scars, and striae...
December 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214715/cutometric-assessment-of-elasticity-of-skin-with-striae-distensae-following-carboxytherapy
#17
Kasjana Podgórna, Anna Kołodziejczak, Helena Rotsztejn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of carboxytherapy in the treatment of striae distensae. Additionally, discomfort and side effects associated with the treatment were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 15 women aged 22-40 years. They underwent 3 sessions of carboxytherapy at one-week intervals. Treatment was performed in skin area within stretch marks located on stomach, buttocks, and thighs. Cutometric probe was used to evaluate skin elasticity...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202350/case-report-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-in-a-young-male-with-hidden-lung-carcinoid-tumor
#18
Ghanem Aljassem, Hazem Aljasem
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing's in which a tumor outside the pituitary gland produces adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Small cell carcinoma and carcinoid of the lung comprises half of its cases. The main purpose of this study is to present a case of ectopic Cushing syndrome caused by a hidden lung carcinoid and how to manage it. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 26year old young male complains of increased weight and appetite, proximal muscle weakness, easy bruising and appearing of purple striae on his abdomen, with a final diagnosis of ACTH secreting lung carcinoid...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200918/a-new-subspecies-of-sea-snake-hydrophis-platurus-xanthos-from-golfo-dulce-costa-rica
#19
Brooke L Bessesen, Gary J Galbreath
We describe a distinctive new subspecies of sea snake from the occasionally anoxic inner-basin waters of Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica, based on combined data garnered between 2010 and 2017 for 154 specimens, 123 free-ranging and 31 museum-held. The yellow sea snake, Hydrophis platurus xanthos Bessesen & Galbreath, subsp. n., is diagnosed by a notably smaller body size and nearly uniform yellow coloration, which contrasts with the black and yellow striae and tail spots or bands typical of the species. Within the modest geographic range (circa 320 km2), nearly all specimens possess both diagnostic character states...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184811/dermatologic-manifestations-of-endocrine-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Michael Lause, Alisha Kamboj, Esteban Fernandez Faith
The skin serves as a window for clinicians to understand, diagnose, and monitor endocrine disease. Dermatologic manifestations of endocrinopathies contribute significantly to an individual's health and quality of life. In this review, we outline various disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal gland, and androgen axis as well as hereditary endocrine syndromes. In acromegaly, glycosaminoglycan deposition contributes to a thickening of skin and soft tissue, which manifests as coarsening and enlargement of facial and acral structures...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
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