keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

strain muscle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638493/tibialis-anterior-muscle-hernia-a-case-of-chronic-dull-pain-and-swelling-in-leg-diagnosed-by-dynamic-ultrasonography
#1
Navneet Sharma, Neeraj Kumar, Richa Verma, Anupam Jhobta
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic muscle hernias are not uncommon in the lower extremities and are a rare cause of chronic leg pain. They are most commonly seen in the tibialis anterior muscle, occurring through fascial defects, usually after trauma. There are about 200 cases of muscle hernias described in the literature. The diagnosis is challenging as most of the patients present with non-specific chronic leg pain. Dynamic muscle ultrasonography at rest and at stress is often used for the diagnosis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638230/role-of-three-dimensional-endoanal-ultrasound-in-assessing-the-anal-sphincter-morphology-of-female-patients-with-chronic-proctalgia
#2
Ya-Hong Xue, Shu-Qing Ding, Yi-Jiang Ding, Li-Qun Pan
AIM: To assess the role of three-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) for morphological assessment of the anal sphincter of female patients with chronic proctalgia (CP). METHODS: In this unmatched case control study, 30 consecutive female patients with CP and 25 normal women (control group) were enrolled. 3D-EAUS was performed in all subjects. Thickness and length of internal anal sphincter (IAS), thickness of puborectalis muscle (PR), length of the external anal sphincter (EAS) plus PR, and puborectalis angle were measured and compared between the two groups...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637592/personalized-modeling-for-real-time-pressure-ulcer-prevention-in-sitting-posture
#3
Vincent Luboz, Mathieu Bailet, Christelle Boichon Grivot, Michel Rochette, Bruno Diot, Marek Bucki, Yohan Payan
Ischial pressure ulcer is an important risk for every paraplegic person and a major public health issue. Pressure ulcers appear following excessive compression of buttock's soft tissues by bony structures, and particularly in ischial and sacral bones. Current prevention techniques are mainly based on daily skin inspection to spot red patches or injuries. Nevertheless, most pressure ulcers occur internally and are difficult to detect early. Estimating internal strains within soft tissues could help to evaluate the risk of pressure ulcer...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636322/spirally-structured-conductive-composites-for-highly-stretchable-robust-conductors-and-sensors
#4
Xiaodong Wu, Yangyang Han, Xinxing Zhang, Canhui Lu
Flexible and stretchable electronics are highly desirable for next generation devices. However, stretchability and conductivity are fundamentally difficult to combine for conventional conductive composites, which restricts their widespread applications especially as stretchable electronics. Here, we innovatively develop a new class of highly stretchable and robust conductive composites via a simple and scalable structural approach. Briefly, carbon nanotubes are spray-coated onto a self-adhesive rubber film, followed by rolling up the film completely to create a spirally layered structure within the composites...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630355/apical-and-basal-epitheliomuscular-f-actin-dynamics-during-hydra-bud-evagination
#5
Roland Aufschnaiter, Roland Wedlich-Söldner, Xiaoming Zhang, Bert Hobmayer
Bending of 2D cell sheets is a fundamental morphogenetic mechanism during animal development and reproduction. A critical player driving cell shape during tissue bending is the actin cytoskeleton. Much of our current knowledge about actin dynamics in whole organisms stems from studies of embryonic development in bilaterian model organisms. Here, we have analysed actin-based processes during asexual bud evagination in the simple metazoan Hydra We created transgenic Hydra strains stably expressing the actin marker Lifeact-GFP in either ectodermal or endodermal epitheliomuscular cells...
June 19, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629601/a-custom-made-temporomandibular-joint-prosthesis-for-fabrication-by-selective-laser-melting-finite-element-analysis
#6
Xiangliang Xu, Danmei Luo, Chuanbin Guo, Qiguo Rong
A novel and custom-made selective laser melting (SLM) 3D-printed alloplastic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis is proposed. The titanium-6aluminium-4vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) condyle component and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fossa component comprised the total alloplastic TMJ replacement prosthesis. For the condyle component, an optimized tetrahedral open-porous scaffold with combined connection structures, i.e. an inlay rod and an onlay plate, between the prosthesis and remaining mandible was designed...
June 16, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628348/relation-between-peak-knee-flexion-angle-and-knee-ankle-kinetics-in-single-leg-jump-landing-from-running-a-pilot-study-on-male-handball-players-to-prevent-acl-injury
#7
Mariam A Ameer, Qassim I Muaidi
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between knee kinematics and knee-ankle kinetics during the landing phase of single leg jumping has been widely studied to identify proper strategies for preventing non-contact ACL injury. However, there is a lack of study on knee-ankle kinetics at peak knee flexion angle during jumping from running. Hence, the purpose of this study is to establish the relationship between peak knee flexion angle, knee extension moment, ankle plantar flexion moment and ground reaction force in handball players in order to protect ACL from excessive stress during single leg jumping...
June 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625912/isolation-of-recombinant-human-untagged-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase-from-e-coli-producer-strain
#8
K V Barinova, M A Eldarov, E V Khomyakova, V I Muronetz, E V Schmalhausen
The goal of the present work was expression of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (hGAPDH) without additional tag constructions in E. coli cells and elaboration of the procedure for purification of untagged hGAPDH from the extract of the producer cells. We present a simple method for purification of untagged hGAPDH including ammonium sulfate fractionation and gel filtration on a G-100 Sephadex column. The method allows isolation of 2 mg of pure hGAPDH from 600 ml of cell culture (7 g of the cell biomass)...
June 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625478/a-neonatal-mouse-model-of-coxsackievirus-a10-infection-for-anti-viral-evaluation
#9
Shuxuan Li, Huan Zhao, Lisheng Yang, Wangheng Hou, Longfa Xu, Yangtao Wu, Wei Wang, Chunye Chen, Junkai Wan, Xiangzhong Ye, Zhenglun Liang, Qunying Mao, Tong Cheng, Ningshao Xia
Epidemiological data indicate that coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) has become one of the main causative agents of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and in recent years has often been found to co-circulate with other enteroviruses, which poses a challenge for the prevention and control of HFMD. Although most CVA10-associated HFMD cases present mild symptoms, severe manifestations and even death can also occur. However, the study of the pathogenesis and the development of drugs and vaccines for CVA10 infection is still far from complete...
June 15, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619826/a-toolkit-for-gfp-mediated-tissue-specific-protein-degradation-in-c-elegans
#10
Shaohe Wang, Ngang Heok Tang, Pablo Lara-Gonzalez, Zhiling Zhao, Dhanya K Cheerambathur, Bram Prevo, Andrew D Chisholm, Arshad Desai, Karen Oegema
Proteins essential for embryo production, cell division, and early embryonic events are frequently re-utilized later in embryogenesis, during organismal development, or in the adult. Examining protein function across these different biological contexts requires tissue-specific perturbation. Here, we describe a method that utilizes expression of a fusion between a GFP-targeting nanobody and a SOCS-box containing ubiquitin ligase adaptor to target GFP tagged proteins for degradation. When combined with endogenous locus GFP tagging by CRISPR-Cas9 or rescue of a null mutant with a GFP fusion, this approach enables routine and efficient tissue-specific protein ablation...
June 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618059/cells-from-subcutaneous-tissues-contribute-to-scarless-skin-regeneration-in-xenopus-laevis-froglets
#11
Rina Otsuka-Yamaguchi, Aiko Kawasumi-Kita, Nanako Kudo, Yumi Izutsu, Koji Tamura, Hitoshi Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Mammals cannot regenerate the dermis and other skin structures after an injury and instead form a scar. However, a Xenopus laevis froglet can regenerate scarless skin, including the dermis and secretion glands, on the limbs and trunk after skin excision. Subcutaneous tissues in the limbs and trunk consist mostly of muscles. Although subcutaneous tissues beneath a skin injury appear disorganized, the cellular contribution of these underlying tissues to skin regeneration remains unclear...
June 15, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614767/changes-in-caveolin-1-caveolin-3-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-expression-and-protein-content-after-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-the-right-masseter-muscle-of-dystrophin-deficient-mdx-mice
#12
U U Botzenhart, V Vaal, I Rentzsch, T Gredes, T Gedrange, C Kunert-Keil
Progressive muscle wasting, frequently associated with inflammation, muscle fibre degeneration and fibrosis, is a characteristic of DMD (Duchenne muscular dystrophy). Its most common used animal model, the mdx mouse, however can overcome muscle degeneration by regeneration processes and is for this reason not suitable to answer all scientific questions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) in breaking down muscle regeneration in mdx mice. For this purpose, the right masseter muscle of 100 days old mdx and healthy mice was paralyzed by a single specific intramuscular injection of BTX-A...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612525/-the-role-of-dna-double-strain-damage-repairing-mechanisms-in-diabetic-atheroscolersis
#13
Li Zeng, Qun-Fang Ding, Ting-Yuan Xu, Fang Luo, Ning Ge, Shi-Tong Li
OBJECTIVES: To identify the role of DNA double-strain damage repairing pathway in the development of diabetics atherosclerosis. METHODS: Wistar male rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group (group A), balloon injury group (group B) and diabetes + balloon injury group (group C). Streptozotocin (STZ) was injected into rat abdomen to induce diabetes. After stabilizing high glucose, rats in group B and group C were both under aortic balloon injury technique and fed high lipid forage post-operatively...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611442/competing-factors-link-to-bone-health-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-takes-a-toll
#14
Shirin Kalyan, Millan S Patel, Elaine Kingwell, Hélène C F Côté, Danmei Liu, Jerilynn C Prior
Chronic inflammation predisposes to poor bone health. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) experience androgen excess, ovulatory disturbances, insulin resistance, abdominal adiposity and chronic inflammation. Our objective was to investigate the relationships among bone health parameters, chronic subclinical inflammation and anthropometric measures in premenopausal women with and without PCOS. In 61 premenopausal women, 22 women with PCOS and 39 controls, we assessed bone parameters (total hip bone mineral density [BMD] by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and radius strength-strain index [SSI] by peripheral quantitative computed tomography), inflammation (C-reactive protein/albumin), oxidative stress (leukocyte telomere length, urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine); hemoglobin A1c; anthropometric measures (body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, cross-sectional muscle area)...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609182/infrared-thermography-reveals-effect-of-working-posture-on-skin-temperature-in-office-workers
#15
Roope Lasanen, Markus K H Malo, Olavi Airaksinen, Jari Karhu, Juha Töyräs, Petro Julkunen
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal symptoms related to using traditional computer workstations are common. To improve ergonomics of workstations quantitative methods for measuring muscle stress and strain are needed. We hypothesize that infrared thermography (IRT) is suited for this purpose. METHODS: This hypothesis was evaluated by estimating muscle activity in upright and traditional working postures with IRT and surface electromyography (sEMG). IRT and sEMG measurements were conducted in 14 female participants with both working postures...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607540/effects-of-high-fat-feeding-on-skeletal-muscle-gene-expression-in-diabetic-goto-kakizaki-rats
#16
Jing Nie, Debra C DuBois, Bai Xue, William J Jusko, Richard R Almon
In the present report, we examined the responses of diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and control Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats fed either a standard chow or high-fat diet (HFD) from weaning to 20 weeks of age. This comparison included gene expression profiling of skeletal muscle using Affymetrix gene array chips. The expression profiling is interpreted within the context of a wide array of physiological measurements. Genes whose expressions are different between the 2 strains regardless of diet, as well as genes that differ between strains only with HFD, were identified...
2017: Gene Regulation and Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606862/pathogenicity-profile-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei
#17
R Ananda Raja, R Sridhar, C Balachandran, A Palanisammi, S Ramesh, K Nagarajan
A pathobiological study was conducted using Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) strain isolated from vibriosis affected shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) farms in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu during August 2014 to February 2015. The isolate was identified based on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular characters. LD50 value with intramuscular injection was determined as 2.6 × 10(4) cfu/shrimp and sequential pathology was studied giving 6.1 × 10(3) cfu/shrimp (LD25). Total plate count (TPC) and total Vibrio count (TVC) in water, pond sediment, haemolymph, muscle, HP and gut were found significantly (P < 0...
June 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596945/treatment-with-pcramoll-alone-and-in-combination-with-fluconazole-provides-therapeutic-benefits-in-c-gattii-infected-mice
#18
Jannyson J Jandú, Marliete C Costa, Julliana R A Santos, Fernanda M Andrade, Thais F Magalhães, Márcia V Silva, Maria C A B Castro, Luanna C B B Coelho, Aline G Gomes, Tatiane A Paixão, Daniel A Santos, Maria T S Correia
Cryptococcus gattii is one of the main causative agents of cryptococcosis in immunocompetent individuals. Treatment of the infection is based on the use of antimycotics, however, the toxicity of these drugs and the increase of drug-resistant strains have driven the search for more effective and less toxic therapies for cryptococcosis. pCramoll are isolectins purified from seeds of Cratylia mollis, a native forage plant from Brazil, which has become a versatile tool for biomedical application. We evaluated the effect of pCramoll alone and in combination with fluconazole for the treatment of mice infected with C...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596838/botulinum-neurotoxins-serotypes-a-and-b-induce-paralysis-of-mouse-striated-and-smooth-muscles-with-different-potencies
#19
Jacquie Maignel-Ludop, Marion Huchet, Johannes Krupp
To address the scarcity of direct comparison of botulinum neurotoxin serotypes activity on smooth versus striatal muscle, we have studied the action of BoNT/A1 and BoNT/B1 on ex vivo preparations of both muscle types. We have set up and characterized a model of neurogenic contractions in the isolated mouse bladder, and used this model to explore the effects of the two serotypes on contractions evoked by electrical field stimulation. Both toxins were also tested in the mouse phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm assay, to compare their potency in smooth versus striated muscle...
February 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594515/cervical-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#20
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as rugby and American football, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
keyword
keyword
34140
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"