keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thats it

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823139/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-on-the-total-number-of-piglets-born-per-parity-of-three-different-pig-breeds
#1
Kyoung-Tag Do, Soon-Woo Jung, Kyung-Do Park, Chong-Sam Na
Objective: To determine the effects of genomic breeding values (GBV) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on the total number of piglets born (TNB) in 3 pig breeds (Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire). Methods: After collecting genomic information (Porcine SNP Beadchip) and phenotypic TNB records for each breed, the effects of GBV and SNP were estimated by using single step best linear unbiased prediction (ssBLUP) method. Results: The heritability estimates for TNB in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823129/effect-of-different-grinding-levels-of-corn-grain-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-steers-fed-total-mixed-ration-as-a-basal
#2
Do Hyung Kim, Seong Ho Choi, Sung Kwon Park, Sung Sill Lee, Chang Weon Choi
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect different grinding levels of corn grain on ruminal fermentation and blood metabolites in Holstein steers fed TMR as a basal diet in order to provide fundamental data of corn grain for cattle in Korea. Methods: Four ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (BW 592 ± 29.9 kg) fed TMR as a basal diet were used and housed individually in an auto temperature and humidity modulated chamber (24ºC and 60% for 22 h/d)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823126/current-status-and-prospective-of-in-feed-additive-antibiotics-in-the-individual-stage-of-the-pork-production
#3
Junyou Li
Antibiotics have long been of great benefit for people, both in the medical treatment of human disease and in animal food that improves the growth performance and feed utilization during animal production. Antibiotics as in-feed supplements affect all stages of pork production, including the gestation, nursing, growing, and finishing stages, although the effects show stage-dependent differences. However, the use of antibiotics in animal feed has become a worldwide concern. This review describes why sub-therapeutic levels of antibiotic additives in animal feed have become an integral part of animal feeding programs for more than 70 years, particularly in pork production...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823121/characterization-of-the-porcine-nanog-5-flanking-region
#4
Azra Memon, Ki-Duk Song, Woon Kyu Lee
Objective: Nanog, a homeodomain protein, has been investigated in humans and mice using ESCs. Because of the limited availability of ESCs, few studies have reported the function and role of Nanog in porcine ESCs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the location of the porcine Nanog chromosome and its basal promoter activity, which might have potential applications in development of ESs specific marker as well as understanding its operating systems in the porcine. Methods: To characterize the porcine Nanog promoter, the 5'-flanking region of Nanog was isolated from cells of mini-pig ears...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823116/outcomes-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-diabetic-patients-age-and-sex-matched-comparison-with-non-diabetic-patients
#5
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Seung Don Baek, Mun Jang, Wonhak Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
Background/Aims: Kidney transplantation (KT) reportedly provides a significant survival advantage over dialysis in diabetic patients. However, KT outcome in diabetic patients compared with that in non-diabetic patients remains controversial. In addition, owing to recent improvements in the outcomes of KT and management of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to analyze outcomes of recently performed KT in diabetic patients. Methods: We reviewed all diabetic patients who received living donor KT between January 2008 and December 2011...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#6
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823108/temperature-effect-on-the-development-of-tropical-dragonfly-eggs
#7
F Z Mendonça, J V Bernardy, C E K Oliveira, P B G Oliveira, P De Marco
Physiological constraints in insects are related to several large-scale processes such as species distribution and thermal adaptation. Here, we fill an important gap in ecophysiology knowledge by accessing the relationship between temperature and embrionary development time in four dragonfly species. We evaluated two questions (1) what is the effect of temperature on the development time of Odonata eggs, and (2) considering a degree-day relationship, could a simple linear model describe the dependence of embrionary development time on temperature or it is better described by a more complex non-linear relation...
August 19, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823104/novel-polymeric-composites-based-on-carboxymethyl-chitosan-and-poly-acrylic-acid-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#8
Qurat-Ul-Ain Sharif, Muhammad Sohail, Mahmood Ahmad, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Shahzeb Khan, Samiullah Khan, Mubeen Kousar
The purpose of the study was to develop a novel, efficient, stable, chemically crosslinked polymeric system that have pH responsive behaviour and can effectively release 5-FU in a controlled manner. Furthermore it can target colonic cancer minimizing the side effects of in vivo chemotherapy via 5-FU. Swelling and drug release studies were performed to evaluate its in vitro release behaviour. Hydrogels were also characterized by FTIR, SEM and DSC. In vitro cytocompatibility and cytotoxicity of the hydrogels were determined by MTT assay using HeLa cells...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823098/modified-rapid-immunohistochemical-staining-for-intraoperative-diagnosis-of-malignant-brain-tumors
#9
Akane Suzuki, Takashi Maruyama, Masayuki Nitta, Takashi Komori, Soko Ikuta, Takakazu Kawamata, Yoshihiro Muragaki
Rapid immunohistochemistry (R-IHC) has been developing mainly as a support technique in the rapid diagnosis of central nervous system tumors; however, there have been problems regarding instability in specimen preparation and immunostaining. To overcome the weakness of this technology, the instability of immunostaining, we developed a modified R-IHC. This was achieved by switching to 4% paraformaldehyde as the fixative solution and utilizing a commercially available Polymer Refine Detection Kit, as a high-sensitivity kit, in place of the secondary antibodies...
August 19, 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823089/study-of-photophysical-properties-on-newly-synthesized-coumarin-derivatives
#10
Ashok H Sidarai, Vani R Desai, Shirajahammad M Hunagund, Mahantesha Basanagouda, Jagadish S Kadadevarmath
Herein, we have studied the photophysical properties for three newly synthesized coumarin derivatives; 4-((2,6-dibromo-4-methylphenoxy)methyl)-2H-benzo[h]chromen-2-one (DMB), 4-((3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinolin-1-yl)methyl)-6-methyl-2H-chromen-2-one (DIM) and 4-((p-tolyloxy)methyl)-6-methoxy-2H-chromen-2-one (TMC). The absorption and emission spectra for above said molecules were recorded in different solvents at room temperature in order to calculate their ground and excited state dipole moments. The ground (μ g ) and excited state dipole (μ e ) moments of these coumarin derivatives were calculated using Lippert's, Bakshiev's and Kawski-Chamma-Viallet's equations by the solvatochromic shift method, which involves a variation of Stokes shift with the solvent dielectric constant and refractive index...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823082/mir-3910-promotes-the-growth-and-migration-of-cancer-cells-in-the-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Lina Cheng, Hongwei Wang, Shuangyin Han
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported that specific depletion of mammalian sterile-like kinase (MST1) in the mouse liver driven Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how the expression of MST1 was regulated in the progression of HCC remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-3910 in the HCC tissues and cell lines were examined using q-PCR. The functions of miR-3910 in HCC were examined using MTT assay, Boyden chamber assay and soft agar assay...
August 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823070/-what-is-not-written-does-not-exist-the-importance-of-proper-documentation-of-medication-use-history
#12
Carina Carvalho Silvestre, Lincoln Marques Cavalcante Santos, Alfredo Dias de Oliveira-Filho, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra
Medications are perceived as health risk factors, because they might cause damage if used improperly. In this context, an adequate assessment of medication use history should be encouraged, especially in transitions of care to avoid unintended medication discrepancies (UMDs). In a case-controlled study, we investigated potential risk factors for UMDs at hospital admission and found that 150 (42%) of the 358 patients evaluated had one or more UMDs. We were surprised to find that there was no record of a patient and/or relative interview on previous use of medication in 117 medical charts of adult patients (44...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823068/stress-affects-surface-glycoconjugates-of-the-rat-endometrium-at-the-time-of-implantation
#13
Elham Aliabadi, Zohreh Makoolati, Tahereh Talaei-Khozani, Fakhreddin Mesbah Ardekani
One of the treatments to infertility is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). In the course of IVF, fertilization rate can be improved through stress reduction. Probably one of the causes of low outcome of IVF is changes in uterine glycoconjugates that are first site of contact between blastocyst and uterus, due to stress, e.g., stress of injection. Thus, the study of the injectional stress effects on implantation period is very important to improve the outcome of IVF. Sixteen mature female rats were divided to experimental and control groups...
August 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823047/knowledge-that-acts-evaluating-the-outcomes-of-a-knowledge-brokering-intervention-in-western-australia-s-ningaloo-region
#14
Kelly Chapman, Fabio Boschetti, Elizabeth Fulton, Pierre Horwitz, Tod Jones, Pascal Scherrer, Geoff Syme
Knowledge exchange involves a suite of strategies used to bridge the divides between research, policy and practice. The literature is increasingly focused on the notion that knowledge generated by research is more useful when there is significant interaction and knowledge sharing between researchers and research recipients (i.e., stakeholders). This is exemplified by increasing calls for the use of knowledge brokers to facilitate interaction and flow of information between scientists and stakeholder groups, and the integration of scientific and local knowledge...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823041/age-estimation-based-on-aspartic-acid-racemization-in-dentine-what-about-caries-affected-teeth
#15
Nazan Sirin, Christian Matzenauer, Alexandra Reckert, Stefanie Ritz-Timme
Age estimation based on aspartic acid racemization (AAR) in dentine is one of the most precise methods in adult age. Caries induces protein degradation and may have an impact on the kinetics of AAR in dentine. We systematically examined standardized prepared dentine samples from caries-affected teeth to clarify the question, if caries-affected teeth should not be used for age estimation based on AAR at all, or if the analysis of dentine samples from such teeth may be useful after removal of the caries-affected tissue according to clinical standards...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823037/female-sex-is-associated-with-greater-rotatory-knee-laxity-in-collegiate-athletes
#16
Thomas R Pfeiffer, Ajay C Kanakamedala, Elmar Herbst, Kanto Nagai, Conor Murphy, Jeremy M Burnham, Adam Popchak, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this observational study was to determine which factors, including sex, are associated with increased rotatory knee laxity in collegiate athletes with no history of knee injuries. It was hypothesized that increased rotatory knee laxity, measured by a quantitative pivot shift test, would correlate with female sex, increased anterior translation during the Lachman test, generalized ligamentous laxity, and knee hyperextension. METHODS: Ninety-eight collegiate athletes with a median age of 20 (range 18-25) years with no history of knee injuries were tested...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#17
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823016/de-novo-synthesis-of-linoleic-acid-in-multiple-collembola-species
#18
Miriama Malcicka, Joachim Ruther, Jacintha Ellers
Many ecological interactions in communities take place between consumers and the organisms they feed on. Continuous surplus of specific nutritional compounds in the diet may lead to evolutionary changes in the metabolic capacity of the consumer, leaving the biosynthesis of such compounds prone to genetic decay and render organisms auxotrophic. A nutrient that is essential to many organisms is the unsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid (LA; 18:2n-6), which is important in the maintenance of cell membrane fluidity and as a precursor for signaling molecules...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822986/insights-in-pathogenesis-of-multiple-sclerosis-nitric-oxide-may-induce-mitochondrial-dysfunction-of-oligodendrocytes
#19
Minghong Lan, Xiaoyi Tang, Jie Zhang, Zhongxiang Yao
Demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), are kinds of common diseases in the central nervous system (CNS), and originated from myelin loss and axonal damage. Oligodendrocyte dysfunction is the direct reason of demyelinating lesions in the CNS. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the pathological process of demyelinating diseases. Although the neurotoxicity of NO is more likely mediated by peroxynitrite rather than NO itself, NO can impair oligodendrocyte energy metabolism through mediating the damaging of mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial membrane and mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes...
August 21, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822978/ecological-analysis-of-secular-trends-in-low-birth-weight-births-and-adult-height-in-japan
#20
Naho Morisaki, Kevin Yuji Urayama, Keisuke Yoshii, S V Subramanian, Susumu Yokoya
BACKGROUND: Japan, which currently maintains the highest life expectancy in the world and has experienced an impressive gain in adult height over the past century, has suffered a dramatic twofold increase in low birth weight (LBW) births since the 1970s. METHODS: We observed secular trends in birth characteristics using 64 115 249 live births included the vital statistics (1969-2014), as well as trends in average height among 3 145 521 adults born between 1969 and 1996, included in 79 surveys conducted among a national, subnational or community population in Japan...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
keyword
keyword
34132
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"