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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678837/infections-and-risk-of-peripartum-stroke-during-delivery-admissions
#1
Eliza C Miller, Marisa Gallo, Erin R Kulick, Alexander M Friedman, Mitchell S V Elkind, Amelia K Boehme
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Peripartum strokes during delivery admissions are rare but have high maternal morbidity. Infections have been proposed as a possible stroke trigger. We hypothesized that women who had infections diagnosed at the time of delivery admission would have higher risk of stroke during their delivery hospitalization. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using state inpatient administrative databases for California (2007-2011), Florida (2009-2011), and New York (2009-2011)...
April 20, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678650/femoseal%C3%A2-device-use-for-femoral-artery-closure-by-different-techniques
#2
Roberto Gabrielli, Maria Sofia Rosati, Massiliano Millarelli, Angelica Dante, Maurizio Maiorano, Aldo Musilli, Roberto Chiappa, Marco Ventura
BACKGROUND: Common femoral artery is still the most frequently site used for vascular access, mostly for peripheral arterial interventions and its puncture remains a significant source of patient's morbidity. Manual compression (MC) has been the gold standard for hemostasis after femoral catheterization until recently, but only in the last few years, vascular closure devices (VCDs) are replacing MC due to their rapid development. Nowadays also vascular surgeons are becoming familiar with VCDs...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676635/effects-of-household-air-pollution-in-malawi-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-status-on-respiratory-symptoms-and-inflammation-injury-and-repair-markers
#3
Charles Kim, Hannah Jary, Kevin Mortimer, Kelly S Schweitzer, Doug Curran-Everett, Stephen Gordon, Irina Petrache
RATIONALE: Household air pollution (HAP) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Both HAP and HIV are widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi, where HIV has 10.6% prevalence in patients 15-49 years old. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that HIV infection (HIV+ ) and habitual exposure to HAP (HAP+ ) synergize to cause systemic inflammation and vascular injury, which may herald early onset of chronic respiratory diseases...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675625/multidetector-ct-of-iatrogenic-and-self-inflicted-vascular-lesions-and-infections-at-the-groin
#4
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Domenico Laganà
The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditional common femoral artery remains the preferred access site in a variety of cardiac, aortic, oncologic and peripheral vascular procedures. Both transarterial and venous cannulation (for electrophysiology, intravenous laser ablation and central catheterisation) at the groin may result in potentially severe vascular access site complications (VASC)...
April 19, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672222/macrophage-derived-extracellular-vesicles-mediates-smooth-muscle-hyperplasia-role-of-altered-mirna-cargo-in-response-to-hiv-infection-and-substance-abuse
#5
Himanshu Sharma, Mahendran Chinnappan, Stuti Agarwal, Pranjali Dalvi, Sumedha Gunewardena, Amy O'Brien-Ladner, Navneet K Dhillon
Our previous studies consistently demonstrate enhanced pulmonary vascular remodeling in HIV-infected intravenous drug users, and in simian immunodeficiency virus-infected macaques or HIV-transgenic rats exposed to opioids or cocaine. Although we reported an associated increase in perivascular inflammation, the exact role of inflammatory cells in the development of pulmonary vascular remodeling remains unknown. In this study, HIV-infected and cocaine (H+C)-treated human monocyte derived macrophages released a higher number of extracellular vesicles (EVs), compared to HIV-infected or uninfected cocaine-treated macrophages, with a significant increase in the particle size range to 100-150 nm...
April 19, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671175/characterisation-of-bone-and-joint-infections-due-to-group-b-streptococcus-serotype-iii-sequence-type-283
#6
Sean W Ong, Timothy Barkham, Win Mar Kyaw, Hanley J Ho, Monica Chan
In 2015, an epidemic of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype III sequence type 283 (ST283) disease was reported in Singapore, associated with consumption of raw freshwater fish. In this study, we further characterise the characteristics of bone and joint infections associated with ST283 GBS in adults and the differences between ST283 and non-ST283 manifestations. A retrospective study of 54 inpatients with invasive GBS disease involving bones and/or joints from 2010 to 2015 was performed. Archived isolates were identified as GBS serotype III and ST283 positive using PCR methods...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669836/cd4-t-cell-epitope-specificity-and-cytokine-potential-are-preserved-as-cells-transition-from-the-lung-vasculature-to-lung-tissue-following-influenza-infection
#7
Anthony DiPiazza, Nathan Laniewski, Anuj Rattan, David J Topham, Jim Miller, Andrea J Sant
Pulmonary CD4 T cells are critical in respiratory virus control, both by delivering direct effector function and through coordinating responses of other immune cells. Recent studies have shown that following influenza infection, virus-specific CD4 T cells are partitioned between pulmonary vasculature and lung tissue. However, very little is known about the peptide specificity or functional differences of CD4 T cells within these two compartments. Using a mouse model of influenza infection in conjunction with intravascular labeling in vivo , the cell surface phenotype, epitope specificity, and functional potential of the endogenous polyclonal CD4 T cell response was examined by tracking nine independent CD4 T cell epitope specificities...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666728/a-rare-benign-tumor-in-a-14-year-old-girl
#8
Meral Hassan Abualjadayel, Osama Y Safdar, Maysaa Adnan Banjari, Sherif El Desoky, Ghadeer A Mokhtar, Raed A Azhar
Background: Oncocytomas are the second most common benign renal neoplasm but, unfortunately, they are difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma. Renal oncocytomas are rare and have mostly been reported in adults. To our knowledge, this is only the sixth pediatric reported case of renal oncocytoma worldwide. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old Yemeni girl with a recurrent history of urinary tract infections came to our clinic complaining of left flank pain with a frontal headache...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665877/the-impact-of-2015-nhsn-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-definition-change-on-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-clabsi-rates-and-clabsi-prevention-efforts-at-an-academic-medical-center
#9
Sonali D Advani, Rachael A Lee, Martha Long, Mariann Schmitz, Bernard C Camins
The 2015 changes in the catheter-associated urinary tract infection definition led to an increase in central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-related candidemia in some health systems due to the change in CLABSI attribution. However, our rates remained unchanged in 2015 and further declined in 2016 with the implementation of new vascular-access guidelines.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 18, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663962/tuberculous-lymphadenitis-is-associated-with-altered-levels-of-circulating-angiogenic-factors
#10
G R Kathamuthu, K Moideen, D Baskaran, G Sekar, S Rathinam, V J Bharathi, G R Ganeshan, S Babu
BACKGROUND: Angiogenic factors are important in granuloma formation and serve as biomarkers in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). The relationship between these markers and tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBL) is not known. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To examine the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin (Ang) family molecules in TBL, we measured systemic levels of VEGF-A, C, D, R1 (VEGF-receptor 1), R2, R3, Ang-1, Ang-2 and TIE2 (tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like and epidermal growth factor-like domains 2) levels in TBL, latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) and lymph node culture supernatants (VEGF-A, C and Ang-2) of the same TBL patients...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663144/is-anterior-release-and-cervical-traction-necessary-for-the-treatment-of-irreducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jian Guan, Zan Chen, Hao Wu, Qingyu Yao, Can Zhang, Tengfei Qi, Kai Wang, Wanru Duan, Jun Gao, Yongning Li, Fengzeng Jian
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD) treated with posterior fusion after anterior release and direct posterior reduction of the dislocation. METHODS: Online databases were searched for articles describing IAAD published from 1999 to 2015. Five studies (105 patients) described treatment with posterior fusion after periodontoid tissue release, and five studies (113 patients) described treatment with direct posterior reduction of the dislocation...
April 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662749/adverse-events-following-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jordan C Xu, Chandni Goel, Michael F Shriver, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Cervical arthroplasty is an increasingly popular treatment of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy. An understanding of the potential adverse events (AEs) is important to help both clinicians and patients. We sought to provide a comprehensive systematic review of the AEs reported in all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cervical disc arthroplasty in an attempt to characterize the quality of reporting. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE and Web of Science for RCTs of cervical disc arthroplasty reporting AEs...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661443/cyclosporine-versus-tacrolimus-which-calcineurin-inhibitor-has-influence-on-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-cardiac-transplantation
#13
Marina M K Bond, Marisa M K Bond, A Sehn, V H Dias, T L Said, C C Dos Santos, M A Finger, A M G Santos, J M R Neto
INTRODUCTION: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a relevant cause of morbidity and mortality in transplantation patients. Its major incidence is in the first year and viral replication is related to acute rejection, survival reduction, and graft vascular disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate retrospectively whether a high dose of calcineurin inhibitors correlates with CMV-positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR), need for treatment, and death in cardiac transplantation patients...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659479/oral-dysbiotic-communities-and-their-implications-in-systemic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Preethi Sudhakara, Abishek Gupta, Anshumouli Bhardwaj, Aruni Wilson
The human body supports the growth of a wide array of microbial communities in various niches such as the oral cavity, gastro-intestinal and urogenital tracts, and on the surface of the skin. These host associated microbial communities include yet-un-cultivable bacteria and are influenced by various factors. Together, these communities of bacteria are referred to as the human microbiome. Human oral microbiome consists of both symbionts and pathobionts. Deviation from symbiosis among the bacterial community leads to “dysbiosis”, a state of community disturbance...
April 16, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658630/lumbar-sympathectomy-versus-prostanoids-for-critical-limb-ischaemia-due-to-non-reconstructable-peripheral-arterial-disease
#15
REVIEW
Indrani Sen, Sunil Agarwal, Prathap Tharyan, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem that can lead to reduced blood flow to the limbs, which may result in critical limb ischaemia (CLI), a painful manifestation that occurs when a person is at rest. The mainstay of treatment for CLI is surgical or endovascular repair. However, when these means of treatment are not suitable, due to anatomical reasons or comorbidities, treatment for pain is limited. Lumbar sympathectomy and prostanoids have both been shown to reduce pain from CLI in people who suffer from non-reconstructable PAD, but there is currently insufficient evidence to determine if one treatment is superior...
April 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658149/coagulation-parameters-following-ehv-1-infection-in-horses
#16
M E Wilson, C L Holz, A K Kopec, J J Dau, J P Luyendyk, G Soboll Hussey
BACKGROUND: Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) is the cause of respiratory disease, abortion storms, and outbreaks of herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). Infection of the spinal cord is characterised by multifocal regions of virally infected vascular endothelia, associated with vasculitis, thrombosis and haemorrhage that result in ischaemia and organ dysfunction. However, the mechanism of thrombosis in affected horses is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate tissue factor (TF) procoagulant activity and thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT) levels in horses following infection with EHV-1...
April 15, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657207/adoption-of-transposed-basilic-vein-as-access-for-hemodialysis
#17
Jacob A Akoh
The fistula first initiative has rekindled interest in transposition of basilic vein (TBV) in preference to arteriovenous grafts (AVG). TBV is considered to have advantages over AVG. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome of TBVs in our center comparing them to a historically matched group of patients who had AVG. Thirty-two patients who underwent TBV as a vascular access procedure in Derriford Hospital between January 2010 and October 2014 were included in the study. The historical control group comprised 31 patients who had AVG inserted in the upper arm between January 1999 and December 2010...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656937/mynxgrip%C3%A2-vascular-closure-device-versus-manual-compression-for-hemostasis-of-percutaneous-transfemoral-venous-access-closure-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-study
#18
Itsik Ben-Dor, Paige Craig, Rebecca Torguson, Toby Rogers, Kyle D Buchanan, Shreejana Pokharel, Jiaxiang Gai, Petros G Okubagzi, Lowell F Satler, Augusto D Pichard, Nevin C Baker, Ron Waksman
PURPOSE: Evaluate the safety of MynxGrip® for common femoral vein closure. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a multicenter, randomized, prospective study of 208 patients who were slated to undergo diagnostic/interventional procedures via femoral venous access. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive venous hemostasis via MynxGrip® (n = 104) or manual compression (n = 104) utilizing 5, 6, and 7 Fr sheaths. Bilateral calf and thigh circumferences were measured serially...
March 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656028/rice-transcription-factor-osdof11-modulates-sugar-transport-by-promoting-expression-of-sucrose-transporter-and-sweet-genes
#19
Yunfei Wu, Sang-Kyu Lee, Youngchul Yoo, Jinhuan Wei, Suk-Yoon Kwon, Sang-Won Lee, Jong-Seong Jeon, Gynheung An
Sucrose is produced in mesophyll cells and transferred into phloem cells before it is delivered long-distance to sink tissues. However, little is known about how sucrose transport is regulated in plants. Here, we identified T-DNA insertional mutants in Oryza sativa DNA BINDING WITH ONE FINGER 11 (OsDOF11), which is expressed in the vascular cells of photosynthetic organs and in various sink tissues. The osdof11 mutant plants are semi-dwarf and have fewer tillers and smaller panicles. Although sucrose enhanced root elongation in young wild-type (WT) seedlings, this did not occur in osdof11 seedlings due to reduced sucrose uptake...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655492/isolated-acute-appendicitis-caused-by-aspergillus-in-a-patient-who-underwent-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#20
H S Kim, H J Yeo, D H Shin, W H Cho, D Kim
Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone lung transplantation. Aspergillus infections usually involve the respiratory tract, with vascular invasion and subsequent dissemination. However, acute appendicitis associated with localized aspergillosis is rare, especially among patients who have undergone prophylaxis with voriconazole. We present a case of primary Aspergillus appendicitis diagnosed by histologic examination in a patient who underwent lung transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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