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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442110/ethanolic-extracts-of-babandotan-leaves-ageratum-conyzoides-l-prevents-inflammation-and-proteoglycan-degradation-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-and-mmp-9-on-osteoarthritis-rats-induced-by-monosodium-iodoacetate
#1
Anton Bahtiar, Mutiara Nurazizah, Tirza Roselina, Anita Paulina Tambunan, Ade Arsianti
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of Ageratum conyzoides L. on the monosodium iodoacetate induced osteoarthritis rats. METHODS: Thin layer chromatography was performed to analyze the constituents of the babandotan extract leaves. White male Sprague-Dawley rats used in this study were divided into 6 groups: normal control and negative control groups, both given 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose; the positive control group that was given glucosamine and chondroitin suspension (486 mg/200 g B...
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441052/effects-of-hyaluronan-alone-or-in-combination-with-chondroitin-sulfate-and-n-acetyl-d-glucosamine-on-lipopolysaccharide-challenge-exposed-equine-fibroblast-like-synovial-cells
#2
Allison H Kilborne, Hayam Hussein, Alicia L Bertone
OBJECTIVE To investigate effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) or HA combined with chondroitin sulfate (CS) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (NAG) by use of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro method. SAMPLE Monolayer cultures of synovial cells from 4 adult horses. PROCEDURES Synovial cell cultures were untreated or treated with HA alone or HA-CS-NAG for 24 hours, subsequently unchallenged or challenge-exposed with 2 LPS concentrations (20 and 50 ng/mL) for 2 hours, and retreated with HA or HA-CS-NAG for another 24 hours...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440703/zeta-potential-changing-nanoparticles-conjugated-with-cell-penetrating-peptides-for-enhanced-transfection-efficiency
#3
Wongsakorn Suchaoin, Arshad Mahmood, Kesinee Netsomboon, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop zeta-potential-changing nanoparticles (NPs) combining cell-penetrating peptides for gene delivery. METHODS & MATERIALS: NPs were formed using phosphorylated carboxymethyl cellulose-glucosamine 6-phosphate (CMC-G6P) and polyethylene imine-polyarginine conjugates. Phosphate release was evaluated using intestinal alkaline phosphatase and cell lines. Transfection studies with plasmid DNA were then performed. RESULTS: The zeta potential of CMC-G6P/branched PEI NPs was -3 mV and switched to +4 mV after intestinal alkaline phosphatase cleavage...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435098/kinetics-of-chitin-deacetylase-activation-by-the-ionic-liquid-bmim-br
#4
Izabela Aspras, Malgorzata M Jaworska, Andrzej Górak
Chitin deacetylase is the only known enzyme that can deacetylate the N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units in chitin and chitosan to D-glucosamine. Unfortunately, this enzyme, originally obtained from fungi, usually has low activity. Here, we present that it is possible to enhance the activity of chitin deacetylase using the ionic liquid [Bmim][Br]. An increase in activity of up to 160% from the basal chitin deacetylase activity was observed. Kinetic investigations suggest that [Bmim][Br] is a non-essential activator...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433714/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-fenugreek-seeds-alone-or-in-combination-with-probiotics-on-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-l-skin-mucosal-immunity
#5
F A Guardiola, A Bahi, A Bakhrouf, M A Esteban
Despite increasing interest in modulating the immune response of fish, providing a combination of probiotics and herbal immunostimulants in aquafeed has rarely has been studied. The effects on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) of the dietary administration of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds alone (FE), or combined with one of the following probiotic strains: Bacillus licheniformis (FEBL), Lactobacillus plantarum (FELP) or Bacillus subtilis (FEBS) were evaluated. Fish were fed a control or one of the supplemented diets for 3 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433532/exci-cest-exploiting-pharmaceutical-excipients-as-mri-cest-contrast-agents-for-tumor-imaging
#6
Dario Livio Longo, Fatima Zzahra Moustaghfir, Alexandre Zerbo, Lorena Consolino, Annasofia Anemone, Martina Bracesco, Silvio Aime
Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (CEST) approach is a novel tool within magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that allows visualization of molecules possessing exchangeable protons with water. Many molecules, employed as excipients for the formulation of finished drug products, are endowed with hydroxyl, amine or amide protons, thus can be exploitable as MRI-CEST contrast agents. Their high safety profiles allow them to be injected at very high doses. Here we investigated the MRI-CEST properties of several excipients (ascorbic acid, sucrose, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, meglumine and 2-pyrrolidone) and tested them as tumor-detecting agents in two different murine tumor models (breast and melanoma cancers)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433147/mucopolysaccharide-from-cuttlefish-purification-chemical-characterization-and-bioactive-potential
#7
Palaniappan Seedevi, Meivelu Moovendhan, Shanmugam Vairamani, Annaian Shanmugam
The sulfated mucopolysaccharide (GAG) was isolated from S. pharonis and the carbohydrate and protein content was found to be 62.4% and 3.9%. The disaccharide profile of sulfated GAG composed glucuronic acid, N-acetyl glucosamine and sulfate content by contributing 50.11%, 38.00% and 27.69% respectively. The carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen content of the sulfated GAG showed 14.80%, 1.68% and 2.99% respectively. The molecular weight of sulfated GAG was calculated as 27kDa and the structural characterization was done by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and NMR Spectroscopy...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431145/long-term-effects-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-and-oral-glucosamine-sulphate-in-primary-care-on-incident-knee-oa-in-overweight-women
#8
Bastiaan C de Vos, Marieke L A Landsmeer, Marienke van Middelkoop, Edwin H G Oei, Marjolein Krul, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Jos Runhaar
Objectives.: The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of a lifestyle intervention aimed to reduce body weight and of oral glucosamine sulphate on the incidence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) after 6-7 years in a population of middle-aged, overweight women, without knee OA at baseline. Methods.: The Prevention of knee Osteoarthritis in Overweight Females study, ISRCTN42823086, was a randomized controlled trial with a 2 × 2 factorial design. Four hundred and seven women aged 50-60 years with a BMI of ⩾27 kg/m 2 and free of knee OA were randomized...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426156/natural-terpene-derivatives-as-new-structural-task-specific-ionic-liquids-to-enhance-the-enantiorecognition-of-acidic-enantiomers-on-teicoplanin-based-stationary-phase-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#9
Jolanta Flieger, Joanna Feder-Kubis, Małgorzata Tatarczak-Michalewska, Anita Płazińska, Anna Madejska, Marta Swatko-Ossor
We present the specific cooperative effect of a semisynthetic glycopeptide antibiotic teicoplanin and chiral ionic liquids containing the (1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol moiety on the chiral recognition of enantiomers of mandelic acid, vanilmandelic acid and phenyllactic acid. Experiments were performed chromatographically on an Astec Chirobiotic T chiral stationary phase applying the mobile phase with the addition of the chiral ionic liquids. The stereoselective binding of enantiomers to teicoplanin in presence of new chiral ionic liquids were evaluated applying thermodynamic measurements and the docking simulations...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425329/effects-of-erk1-2-signal-pathway-on-cardiomyocyte-during-glucose-lowering
#10
Xin Li, Hui Yuan, Qian Li, Zhenjie Sun, Jiajia Liu, Weihua Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signal pathway affects cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) at different glucose-lowering rates. METHODS: Cardiomyocytes of Wistar neonate rats were maintained in a medium supplemented with 25 mmol/L glucosamine for 72 h. Then the medium was changed to different concentrations of glucosamine, and all cells were divided into five groups...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423199/chemical-synthesis-of-modified-hyaluronic-acid-disaccharides
#11
Marco Mende, Martin Nieger, Stefan Bräse
Herein a chemical synthesis towards new modified hyaluronic acid oligomers for structure-related biological activity tests using only commercially available D-glucose and D-glucosamine hydrochloride is reported. The syntheses of various protected hyaluronic acid disaccharides bearing new functional groups at the C-6-position of the former β-D-glucuronic acid moiety are described. The orthogonal protecting group pattern creates a readily access to the appropriate higher oligomers. Also 1H NMR studies of the new derivatives are displayed, showing the effect of the group replacement on the intramolecular electronic environment...
April 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408483/o-glcnac-cycling-and-the-regulation-of-nucleocytoplasmic-dynamics
#12
REVIEW
Moriah Eustice, Michelle R Bond, John A Hanover
The dynamic carbohydrate post-translational modification (PTM) O-linked β-N-acetyl glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is found on thousands of proteins throughout the nucleus and cytoplasm, and rivals phosphorylation in terms of the number of substrates and pathways influenced. O-GlcNAc is highly conserved and essential in most organisms, with disruption of O-GlcNAc cycling linked to diseases ranging from cancer to neurodegeneration. Nuclear pore proteins were the first identified O-GlcNAc-modified substrates, generating intense and ongoing interest in understanding the role of O-GlcNAc cycling in nuclear pore complex structure and function...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401086/optimization-of-maillard-reaction-in-model-system-of-glucosamine-and-cysteine-using-response-surface-methodology
#13
Shanika Jeewantha Thewarapperuma Arachchi, Ye-Joo Kim, Dae-Wook Kim, Sang-Chul Oh, Yang-Bong Lee
Sulfur-containing amino acids play important roles in good flavor generation in Maillard reaction of non-enzymatic browning, so aqueous model systems of glucosamine and cysteine were studied to investigate the effects of reaction temperature, initial pH, reaction time, and concentration ratio of glucosamine and cysteine. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the independent reaction parameters of cysteine and glucosamine in Maillard reaction. Box-Behnken factorial design was used with 30 runs of 16 factorial levels, 8 axial levels and 6 central levels...
March 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396271/physicochemical-characterization-of-water-soluble-chitosan-derivatives-with-singlet-oxygen-quenching-and-antibacterial-capabilities
#14
Noelia L Vanden Braber, Ladislao I Díaz Vergara, Faustino E Morán Vieyra, Claudio D Borsarelli, Mariana M Yossen, Jorge R Vega, Silvia G Correa, Mariana A Montenegro
New water-soluble chitosan derivatives (WSCh) were obtained by Maillard reaction (MR) between glucosamine (GA) with both low and medium molecular weight chitosans (Ch). The WSCh showed larger solubility than the respective Ch, while their deacetylation degree (DD) decreased by approximately 12%. Infrared spectroscopy experiments of WSCh confirmed the formation of imine bonds after MR with intensified pyranose structure, and sugar molecules as polymer branches. However, a 6-times reduction of the molecular weight of WSCh was measured, indicating the breakdown of the polysaccharide chain during the MR...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392399/preparation-of-functional-human-lysophosphatidic-acid-receptor-2-using-a-p9-%C3%A2-expression-system-and-an-amphipathic-polymer-and-investigation-of-its-in%C3%A2-vitro-binding-preference-to-g%C3%AE-proteins
#15
Seong-Gu Han, Seung-Il Baek, Tae Jin Son, Hyeongjin Lee, Nam Hyuk Kim, Yeon Gyu Yu
Human lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 (LPA2), a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family, mediates lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-dependent signaling by recruiting various G proteins. Particularly, it is directly implicated in the progression of colorectal and ovarian cancer through G protein signaling cascades. To investigate the biochemical binding properties of LPA2 against various alpha subunits of G protein (Gα), a functional recombinant LPA2 was overexpressed in E. coli membrane with a P9(∗) expression system, and the purified protein was stabilized with an amphipathic polymer that had been synthesized by coupling octylamine, glucosamine, and diethyl aminoproylamine at the carboxylic groups of poly-γ-glutamic acid...
May 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391691/both-pept1-and-glut-intestinal-transporters-are-utilized-by-a-novel-glycopeptide-pro-hyp-conh-glcn
#16
Mengmeng Feng, Mirko Betti
Pro-Hyp (PO) accounts for many beneficial biological effects of collagen hydrolysates for skin and bone health. The objective of this study was to conjugate PO with glucosamine (GlcN) to create a novel glycopeptide Pro-Hyp-CONH-GlcN (POGlcN) and then to investigate the potential involvement of multiple transepithelial transport pathways for this glycopeptide. Nuclear magnetic resonance results revealed the amide nature of this glycopeptide with α and β configurations derived from GlcN. This glycopeptide was very resistant to simulated gastrointestinal digestion...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380332/partial-characterization-and-immobilization-in-cnbr-activated-sepharose-of-a-native-lectin-from-platypodium-elegans-seeds-pela-and-comparative-study-of-edematogenic-effect-with-the-recombinant-form
#17
David Alencar Araripe, Vanir Reis Pinto-Junior, Antonio Hadson Bastos Neco, Mayara Queiroz Santiago, Vinicius Jose Silva Osterne, Alana Freitas Pires, Claudia Figueiredo Lossio, Maria Gleiciane Queiroz Martins, Jorge Luiz Almeida Correia, Raquel Guimaraes Benevides, Rodrigo Bainy Leal, Ana Maria Sampaio Assreuy, Kyria Santiago Nascimento, Benildo Sousa Cavada
The lectin from Platypodium elegans seeds (PELa) was purified by affinity chromatography in a mannose-agarose column. The lectin agglutinated rabbit erythrocytes and the agglutinating effect was inhibited by previous incubation with the glycoprotein fetuin, along with N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, D-mannose and its derivatives. The lectin maintained complete activity in temperatures ranging from 40 to 60°C and pH values ranging from 9 to 10. As a glycoprotein, PELa has a carbohydrate content of 2.2%, and its activity requires divalent cations such as Ca(2+) and Mn(2+)...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377623/a-starvation-induced-regulator-rovm-acts-as-a-switch-for-planktonic-biofilm-state-transition-in-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis
#18
Ruoxi Zhao, Yunhong Song, Qingyun Dai, Yiwen Kang, Junfeng Pan, Lingfang Zhu, Lei Zhang, Yao Wang, Xihui Shen
The transition between the planktonic state and the biofilm-associated state is a key developmental decision for pathogenic bacteria. Biofilm formation by Yersinia pestis is regulated by hmsHFRS genes (β-1, 6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine synthesis operon) in its flea vector and in vitro. However, the mechanism of biofilm formation in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that the LysR-type regulator RovM inversely regulates biofilm formation and motility in Y. pseudotuberculosis by acting as a transcriptional regulator of these two functions...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376507/the-role-of-o-glcnacylation-in-perivascular-adipose-tissue-dysfunction-of-offspring-of-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#19
Karolina E Zaborska, Gillian Edwards, Clare Austin, Mark Wareing
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), which reduces vascular contractility, is dysfunctional in the male offspring of rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD), partially due to a reduced NO bioavailability. O-GlcNAcylation of eNOS decreases its activity, thus we investigated the role of O-GlcNAcylation in the prenatal programming of PVAT dysfunction. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a control (10% fat) or an obesogenic HFD (45% fat) diet for 12 weeks prior to mating, and throughout pregnancy and lactation. Offspring were weaned onto the control diet and were killed at 12 and 24 weeks of age...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371146/investigating-chitin-deacetylation-and-chitosan-hydrolysis-during-vegetative-growth-in-magnaporthe-oryzae
#20
Ivey A Geoghegan, Sarah J Gurr
Chitin deacetylation results in the formation of chitosan, a polymer of β1,4-linked glucosamine. Chitosan is known to have important functions in the cell walls of a number of fungal species, but its role during hyphal growth has not yet been investigated. In this study, we have characterized the role of chitin deacetylation during vegetative hyphal growth in the filamentous phytopathogen Magnaporthe oryzae. We found that chitosan localizes to the septa and lateral cell walls of vegetative hyphae, and identified two chitin deacetylases expressed during vegetative growth - CDA1 and CDA4...
March 29, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
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