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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890840/infected-iliac-pseudoaneursym-after-cardiac-catheterization-complicated-by-girdlestone-pseudoarthroplasty-for-recurrent-infection-of-hip-prosthesis
#1
Christopher Horn, Victoria Wang, Michael Williams, Donald Jacobs
We report a massive infected pseudoaneurysm of the right external iliac artery in the setting of Girdlestone pseudoarthroplasty (GSA) for chronic infection. Around the time of her GSA the patient underwent cardiac catheterization with resultant pseudoaneurysm formation. Infection was likely due to spread from her previous chronic infection. Delay in presentation occurred due to attribution of her symptoms to her GSA. The patient underwent ligation of the right external iliac artery and hip disarticulation and was discharged on antibiotics...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882613/improvements-of-procedural-results-with-a-new-generation-self-expanding-transfemoral-aortic-valve-prosthesis-in-comparison-to-the-old-generation-device
#2
Bruna Gomes, Nicolas A Geis, Emmanuel Chorianopoulos, Benjamin Meder, Florian Leuschner, Hugo A Katus, Raffi Bekeredjian
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compare procedural results of our first Evolut R (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) implantations with the last CoreValve implantations. Main endpoints include paravalvular regurgitation, major vascular complications, stroke, and pacemaker implantation. BACKGROUND: The evolution of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was possible due to various technical improvements, leading to better periprocedural and long-term outcome. The newly designed Evolut R valve has the potential to further improve TAVR's performance...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879144/-recurrent-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#3
J Dítě, J Froněk
Retroperitoneal sarcomas are rare malignant neoplasms that are often diagnosed late because of their typical nonspecific symptomatology. Radical surgical resection, if possible given the local anatomical conditions, is the most important treatment modality. However, even if the surgery is feasible and successful, the prognosis of retroperitoneal sarcoma is not good. The most frequent type of recurrence is local recurrence, and radical surgical resection remains the most important treatment modality even in such cases...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876030/long-term-outcomes-following-lower-extremity-press-fit-bone-anchored-prosthesis-surgery-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-protocol
#4
Ruud A Leijendekkers, J Bart Staal, Gerben van Hinte, Jan Paul Frölke, Hendrik van de Meent, Femke Atsma, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Thomas J Hoogeboom
BACKGROUND: Patients with lower extremity amputation frequently suffer from socket-related problems. This seriously limits prosthesis use, level of activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). An additional problem in patients with lower extremity amputation are asymmetries in gait kinematics possibly accounting for back pain. Bone-anchored prostheses (BAPs) are a possible solution for socket-related problems. Knowledge concerning the level of function, activity and HRQoL after surgery is limited...
November 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874166/-massive-cerebral-air-embolism-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
J Fernandez-Fernandez, H Real-Noval, E Rodriguez-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral air embolism following endoscopic processes is an infrequent complication, but can have catastrophic consequences. CASE REPORT: An 85-year-old male diagnosed with distal cholangiocarcinoma with criteria for unresectability who was submitted to placement of a biliary drainage prosthesis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed to change the prosthesis. After the procedure, the patient's vital signs and level of consciousness underwent a decline, and orotracheal intubation was required...
December 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869495/a-comparison-of-airborne-bacterial-fallout-between-orthopaedic-and-vascular-surgery
#6
P Stather, M Salji, S-U Hassan, M Abbas, A Ahmed, H Mills, T Elston, C Backhouse, A Howard, S Choksy
INTRODUCTION The objective of the study was to compare bacterial fallout during vascular prosthesis insertion and orthopaedic major joint replacement performed in conventional and laminar flow ventilation, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective single-centre case control study of 21 consecutive elective vascular procedures involving prosthetic graft insertion and 24 consecutive elective orthopaedic major joint replacements were tested for degree of bacterial fallout using agar settle plates. Preparation time, waiting time and total procedure duration were collected at the time of surgery, and bacterial colony counts on the agar settle plates from airborne bacterial fallout were counted after an incubation period...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845304/partial-aortic-root-remodeling-for-root-reconstruction-in-patients-with-acute-type-a-dissection
#7
Fuhua Huang, Liangpeng Li, Wei Qin, Cunhua Su, Liming Wang, Liqiong Xiao, Xin Chen
In the present study, we reported our experience with partial aortic root remodeling for root reconstruction in patients with acute type A dissection, which involves in non-coronary sinus and/or the right coronary sinus with just one trimmed Dacron graft. Between February 2001 and May 2010, we performed partial aortic root remodeling in 40 patients, who underwent emergency surgical intervention. The dissected sinuses were excised leaving a 3-5 mm rim of the aortic wall from the attached aortic valve cusps. A short piece (4-5 cm) of collagen coated woven polyester vascular prosthesis was trimmed with one or two "tongues" to reconstruct the non-coronary sinus and/or the right coronary sinus, but without using separated patches...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815409/a-new-beating-heart-mitral-and-aortic-valve-assessment-model-with-implications-for-valve-intervention-training
#8
Wobbe Bouma, Jayant S Jainandunsing, Arash Khamooshian, Pim van der Harst, Massimo A Mariani, Ehsan Natour
OBJECTIVES: A thorough understanding of mitral and aortic valve motion dynamics is essential in mastering the skills necessary for performing successful valve intervention (open or transcatheter repair or replacement). We describe a reproducible and versatile beating-heart mitral and aortic valve assessment and valve intervention training model in human cadavers. METHODS: The model is constructed by bilateral ligation of the pulmonary veins, ligation of the supra-aortic arteries, creating a shunt between the descending thoracic aorta and the left atrial appendage with a vascular prosthesis, anastomizing a vascular prosthesis to the apex and positioning an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in the vascular prosthesis, cross-clamping the descending thoracic aorta, and finally placing a fluid line in the shunt prosthesis...
November 3, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797464/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-for-the-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease-clinical-outcomes-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
David G Rizik, James B Hermiller, Dean J Kereiakes
The permanent metal prosthesis common to bare metal stents (BMS) as well as both first- and second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) following treatment of coronary artery disease represents a long-lasting substrate for late adverse coronary events including restenosis, thrombosis, and neoatherosclerosis. Following resorbtion, bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) may eliminate this nidus and improve late outcomes through restoration of the vessel to more normal vascular structure and function. BRS represents a single platform which incorporates the mechanical features of metallic stents to provide safe and effective revascularization, suppression of restenosis and prevention of constrictive remodeling with long-term restoration of the treated vessel to a more natural state...
November 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780479/association-of-airborne-microorganisms-in-the-operating-room-with-implant-infections-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Rabih O Darouiche, David M Green, Melvyn A Harrington, Bruce L Ehni, Panagiotis Kougias, Carlos F Bechara, Daniel P O'Connor
: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of airborne colony-forming units (CFU) at incision sites during implantation of prostheses with the incidence of either incisional or prosthesis-related surgical site infections. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Primary, public institution. PATIENTS Three hundred patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, instrumented spinal procedures, or vascular bypass graft implantation. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either the intervention group or the control group...
October 26, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772574/karl-viktor-hall-from-in-situ-vein-bypass-to-the-tilting-disc-heart-valve-prosthesis
#11
John-Peder Escobar Kvitting, Odd R Geiran
In 1977, Karl Viktor Hall implanted a novel tilting disc heart valve prosthesis at Rikshospitalet in Oslo, Norway. The Medtronic-Hall valve was known for its excellent durability and low thrombogenicity. Hall popularized the use of the great saphenous vein in situ as an arterial shunt in the 1960s, made a metal stripper to lyse vein valves, and introduced electromagnetic flowmeters in vascular surgery. He performed the first coronary artery bypass graft in Scandinavia in 1969. Under his leadership the first heart transplantation and the first heart-lung transplantation were performed in Scandinavia by his successor Tor Frøysaker in 1983 and 1986, respectively...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771318/diagnosis-of-aortic-graft-infection-a-case-definition-by-the-management-of-aortic-graft-infection-collaboration-magic
#12
O T A Lyons, M Baguneid, T D Barwick, R E Bell, N Foster, S Homer-Vanniasinkam, S Hopkins, A Hussain, K Katsanos, B Modarai, J A T Sandoe, S Thomas, N M Price
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The management of aortic graft infection (AGI) is highly complex and in the absence of a universally accepted case definition and evidence-based guidelines, clinical approaches and outcomes vary widely. The objective was to define precise criteria for diagnosing AGI. METHODS: A process of expert review and consensus, involving formal collaboration between vascular surgeons, infection specialists, and radiologists from several English National Health Service hospital Trusts with large vascular services (Management of Aortic Graft Infection Collaboration [MAGIC]), produced the definition...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770853/external-mechanical-devices-and-vascular-surgery-for-erectile-dysfunction
#13
Landon W Trost, Ricardo Munarriz, Run Wang, Allen Morey, Laurence Levine
INTRODUCTION: The field of sexual medicine is continuously advancing, with novel outcomes reported on a regular basis. Given the rapid evolution, updated guidelines are essential to inform practicing clinicians on best practices. AIM: To summarize the current literature and provide clinical guidelines on penile traction therapy, vacuum erection devices, and penile revascularization. METHODS: A consensus panel was held with leading sexual medicine experts during the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM)...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748302/the-making-of-indigenous-vascular-prosthesis
#14
Madathipat Unnikrishnan, Sidharth Viswanathan, K Balasubramaniam, C V Muraleedharan, Arthur Vijayan Lal, P V Mohanan, Meera Mohanty, Tirur Raman Kapilamoorthy
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Vascular illnesses are on the rise in India, due to increase in lifestyle diseases and demographic transition, requiring intervention to save life, organ or limbs using vascular prosthesis. The aim of this study was to develop indigenous large diameter vascular graft for treatment of patients with vascular pathologies. METHODS: The South India Textile Research Association, at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, developed seamless woven polyester (Polyethylene terephthalate) graft at its research wing...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738475/giant-perigraft-seroma-after-axillobifemoral-bypass-for-leriche-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Bissacco Daniele, Domanin Maurizio, Del Gobbo Alessandro, Gabrielli Livio
Perigraft seroma is a rare complication occurs after placement of any vascular graft. It is defined as the collection of a sterile, clear and acellular liquid around prosthesis. It can appear years after surgery as a soft, palpable and painless mass. We present a perigraft seroma occurred in a 75-years-patient underwent Dacron right axillo-bifemoral bypass for Leriche's syndrome. Ultrasound and computed tomography scan revealed involvement of graft left branch and bifurcation. Although several treatment options have been proposed, removal and replacement of prosthetic affected tract with another of a different material has been proved the choice with best result...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733004/microsurgical-training-with-the-three-step-approach
#16
Emilio Trignano, Nefer Fallico, Gino Zingone, Luca Andrea Dessy, Gian Vittorio Campus
Background Microsurgery is very challenging, requiring a high degree of dexterity and manual skills that should be fully trained outside of the operating room. Common microsurgery courses usually follow a stepwise training approach beginning practice on nonliving models and proceeding with live rats. However, training on live rats raises certain issues, including ethical concerns as well as the associated costs. As such, there is an increasing drive toward alternative models. The current article describes a three-step training approach (latex glove-endovascular prosthesis-human placenta), which aims to prepare trainees for the clinical direct application...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698872/radial-forearm-and-forehead-flap-reconstruction-following-resection-of-a-nasal-arteriovenous-malformation-a-case-report
#17
Chih-Shin Lin, Yung-Song Lin, Bor-Shyh Lin, Ching-Feng Lien, Ching-Feng Liu
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a structural vascular abnormality in which the arterial vasculature connects with the venous vasculature without capillary connections. AVM confined to the nasal cavity is considerably rare. Blurred vision can be one of the associated symptoms. A combined approach of complete surgical resection with prior superselective embolization is the treatment of choice. Following resection, the reconstruction of facial defects, particularly in the nasal area, is challenging. The present study reports the rare case of a patient with an AVM in the nasal cavity, in which embolization, resection and flap reconstruction were performed...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693264/surgical-outcomes-of-erectile-implants-after-phalloplasty-retrospective-analysis-of-95-procedures
#18
Paul Neuville, Nicolas Morel-Journel, Delphine Maucourt-Boulch, Alain Ruffion, Philippe Paparel, Jean-Etienne Terrier
INTRODUCTION: The creation of a neophallus is a complex surgery that must meet functional and esthetic requirements. It is a long and demanding surgical process whose final stage consists of the implantation of a rigid or inflatable material that can be used to reproduce an erection. Data in the literature are scarce, with only the pioneering series present, which includes the use of the first devices and techniques. AIM: To report the outcome of patients with phalloplasty after implantation of erectile implants using standardized surgical techniques and the use of recent prosthesis types with or without a vascular graft...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676884/improvement-of-walking-abilities-in-femoral-amputees-with-a-distal-weight-bearing-implant
#19
Lluis Guirao Cano
OBJECTIVE: Following a transfemoral (TF) amputation, the ability to walk with a prosthesis is the main objective of rehabilitation. The achieved speed of walking is considered a determining factor in the amputee's perception of quality of life. This experimental before-after study evaluates the walking abilities and improvement of important parameters such as gait, walking speed, pain and hours of prosthesis use in transfemoral amputees after placing a novel femoral implant that permits distal weight bearing of the residuum within a socket, adapted for distal load bearing...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676838/assessment-of-therapeutic-education-in-135-lower-limb-amputees
#20
Chloé Blum, Solange Ehrler, Marie-Eve Isner
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic patient education (TPE) is a continuous process for chronic disease. TPE enables patients to improve and acquire the skills that are necessary for self-care and self-management. We wanted to determine the place of self-care in patients following lower limb amputation by evaluating prosthetic and limb management and prosthesis use. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: To this aim, we involved 135 trans-tibial amputees between May 2011 and December 2013 who were fitted with contact silicone socket prosthesis with distal lock...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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