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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525683/multilayer-microstructure-of-idiopathic-epiretinal-macular-membranes
#1
Claudio Azzolini, Terenzio Congiu, Simone Donati, Alberto Passi, Petra Basso, Eliana Piantanida, Cesare Mariotti, Francesco Testa, Simona M Caprani, Jennifer Cattaneo, Riccardo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To identify the ultramicroscopic structure of idiopathic epiretinal macular membranes (iEMMs) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: We examined 28 iEMMs surgically removed from 28 eyes of 28 patients. All specimens, previously observed at stereomicroscope, were treated with an osmium maceration technique. Fine resolution of iEMMs' 3D architecture and their interaction with the retina were studied using a Philips SEM-FEG XL-30 microscope. RESULTS: The specimens appeared as laminar connective structures partially or completely adherent to the inner limiting membrane (ILM)...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520559/a-comparative-study-of-efficacy-of-single-rooted-and-double-rooted-teeth-in-age-estimation-using-dentin-translucency
#2
K H Puneeth, D B Nandini, S B Praveen, M Selvamani, D Mandana
BACKGROUND: Among various methods of age estimation using dental tissues, measurement of root dentin translucency (RDT) is said to be the most accurate. Numerous studies have estimated age by measuring RDT in single and double rooted teeth and have shown conflicting results. Only few studies have compared efficacy of using single and double rooted teeth for RDT measurement in age estimation. AIM: To analyze the efficacy of single rooted teeth (SRT) and double rooted teeth (DRT) for measurement of sclerotic dentin (SD) and age estimation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513512/effects-of-laser-etching-on-shear-bond-strengths-of-brackets-bonded-to-fluorosed-enamel
#3
R Nalcaci, B Temel, S Çokakoğlu, H Türkkahraman, S Üsümez
AIM: To evaluate the effects of laser etching on the shear bond strengths (SBS) and failure modes of brackets bonded to fluorosed enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study included 34 fluorosed and 34 nonfluorosed teeth. Teeth were divided into four subgroups according to the etching procedure: Group (A) normal enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s, Group (B) nonfluorosed enamel etched with erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Er: YAG) laser for 15 s, Group (C) fluorosed enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s, Group (D) fluorosed enamel etched with Er: YAG laser for 30 s...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513297/former-food-products-safety-microbiological-quality-and-computer-vision-evaluation-of-packaging-remnants-contamination
#4
M Tretola, A R Di Rosa, E Tirloni, M Ottoboni, C Giromini, F Leone, C E M Bernardi, V Dell'Orto, V Chiofalo, L Pinotti
The use of alternative feed ingredients in farm animal's diets can be an interesting choice from several standpoints, including safety. In this respect, the aim of this study was to investigate the safety features of selected Former Food Products (FFPs) intended for animal nutrition produced in the framework of IZS PLV 06/14 RC project by a FFP processing plant. Six FFP samples, both mash and pelleted, were analysed for the enumeration of Total Viable Count (TVC) (ISO 4833), Enterobacteriaceae (ISO 21528-1), Escherichia coli (ISO 16649-1), coagulase-positive Staphylococci (CPS) (ISO 6888), presumptive B...
May 17, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512545/effect-of-hemostatic-agent-on-marginal-gaps-of-class-v-giomer-restorations
#5
Soodabeh Kimyai, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Narmin Mohammadi, Mahdieh Babri
BACKGROUND: Contamination of dentin with hemostatic agents might exert a deleterious effect on adhesive procedures on dentin. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of aluminum chloride hemostatic agent on marginal gaps in Cl V giomer restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty sound bovine permanent incisors were selected for the purpose of this in vitro study and Cl V cavities were prepared on their buccal surfaces; the gingival margins of the cavities were placed in dentin...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512536/effect-of-smear-clear-and-some-other-commonly-used-irrigants-on-dislodgement-resistance-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-to-root-dentin
#6
Mona Sadegh, Hasti Sohrabi, Mohamadjavad Kharazifard, Farzaneh Afkhami
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) to root canal dentin after irrigation with Smear Clear in comparison with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) and saline as commonly used root canal irrigants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The coronal and mid-root areas of maxillary anterior teeth were horizontally sectioned into one-millimeter thick slices. The root canal lumen of dentinal slices was dilated using a diamond bur with 1...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512488/in-vitro-microleakage-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-calcium-enriched-mixture-cement-and-biodentine-intra-orifice-barriers
#7
Fatemeh Ramezanali, Sasan Aryanezhad, Fatemeh Mohammadian, Fatemeh Dibaji, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study compared the coronal microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and Biodentine as intra-orifice barriers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study was conducted on 76 extracted single-canal human teeth. Their root canals were prepared using ProTaper rotary files and filled with gutta percha and AH-26 sealer using lateral condensation technique. Coronal 3 mm of the gutta percha was removed from the root canals and replaced randomly with MTA, CEM cement or Biodentine in the three experimental groups (n=22)...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467254/the-survival-of-class-v-composite-restorations-and-analysis-of-marginal-discoloration
#8
J-H Kim, J Cho, Y Lee, B-H Cho
The aims of this retrospective clinical study were to analyze the longevity of class V composite restorations and compare the results obtained from clinical and laboratory evaluation of marginal discoloration. A total of 186 restorations were evaluated with modified US Public Health Service criteria. Longevity and associated variables were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox proportional hazard model. Restorations with marginal discoloration were additionally evaluated using digital photographs and epoxy resin replicas under a stereomicroscope...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454623/effects-of-different-storage-and-measuring-methods-on-larval-length-values-for-the-blow-flies-diptera-calliphoridae-lucilia-sericata-and-calliphora-vicina
#9
Valentina Bugelli, Carlo Pietro Campobasso, Marcel A Verhoff, Jens Amendt
In forensic entomology, the methods of sampling, killing, and storing entomological samples can affect larval age estimation, and, hence, the estimation of the minimum post-mortem interval. In the existing manuals, there is a certain amount of heterogeneity regarding methods and the recommendations for best practice in forensic entomology are insufficiently validated. This study evaluated three different length-measurement methods for larval stages and examined the influence of different killing and storing methods on the larval length of two forensically important blow flies, Lucilia sericata and Calliphora vicina...
May 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444018/effect-of-nanotechnology-in-self-etch-bonding-systems-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-stainless-steel-orthodontic-brackets
#10
Shaza M Hammad, Noha El-Wassefy, Ahmed Maher, Shafik M Fawakerji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of silica dioxide (SiO2) nanofillers in different bonding systems on shear bond strength (SBS) and mode of failure of orthodontic brackets at two experimental times. METHODS: Ninety-six intact premolars were divided into four groups: A) Conventional acid-etch and primer Transbond XT; B) Transbond Plus self-etch primer; and two self-etch bonding systems reinforced with silica dioxide nanofiller at different concentrations: C) Futurabond DC at 1%; D) Optibond All-in-One at 7%...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427837/in-vitro-fatigue-tests-and-in-silico-finite-element-analysis-of-dental-implants-with-different-fixture-abutment-joint-types-using-computer-aided-design-models
#11
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Yasufumi Yamanishi, Lucas S Machado, Shuji Matsumoto, Nick Tovar, Paulo G Coelho, Van P Thompson, Satoshi Imazato
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fatigue resistance of dental fixtures with two different fixture-abutment connections by in vitro fatigue testing and in silico three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA) using original computer-aided design (CAD) models. METHODS: Dental implant fixtures with external connection (EX) or internal connection (IN) abutments were fabricated from original CAD models using grade IV titanium and step-stress accelerated life testing was performed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424734/influence-of-teeth-preparation-finishing-on-the-adaptation-of-lithium-disilicate-crowns
#12
Bruna Salamoni Sinhori, Mauro Amaral Caldeira de Andrada, Guilherme Carpena Lopes, Sylvio Monteiro Junior, Luiz Narciso Baratieri
The polishing step of teeth preparations for crowns is a step often performed, so that there is an increased time during the clinical procedure. The aim of this study is to evaluate the marginal and internal adaptation of all-ceramic CAD/CAM lithium disilicate crowns in polished preparations for crown and nonpolished preparations for crowns. For this purpose, 20 first molars were selected, which were divided into two groups (n = 10) G1, teeth that received surface roughening similar to preparation without polishing, and G2 (control), polished preparations...
2017: International Journal of Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422602/does-bonding-approach-influence-the-bond-strength-of-universal-adhesive-to-dentin-of-primary-teeth
#13
Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of bonding strategy on microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of a new universal adhesive system to primary tooth dentin. STUDY DESIGN: Flat dentin surfaces from 25 primary molars were assigned to 5 groups according to the adhesive and bonding approach: Adper Single Bond 2 (two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive) and Clearfil SE Bond (two-step self-etch system), as controls; Scotchbond Universal Adhesive-self-etch, dry or wet-bonding etch-and-rinse strategies...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422367/microtensile-bond-strength-of-a-resin-cement-to-silica-based-and-y-tzp-ceramics-using-different-surface-treatments
#14
Alireza Keshvad, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hakimaneh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of bonding between resin cement and lithia or zirconia-based ceramics using an in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three zirconia ceramic blocks (IPS e.max ZirCAD) and three lithium disilicate ceramic blocks (IPS e.max CAD) were sintered and duplicated in resin composite. The zirconia specimens underwent various treatments (n = 1): (i) Sandblast + primer (ZiSa); (ii) sandblast + laser irradiation + primer (ZiSaLa); or (iii) laser irradiation + primer (ZiLa)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417909/interactions-among-the-predatory-midge-aphidoletes-aphidimyza-diptera-cecidomyiidae-the-fungal-pathogen-metarhizium-brunneum-ascomycota-hypocreales-and-maize-infesting-aphids-in-greenhouse-mesocosms
#15
Ana Gorete Campos de Azevedo, Bernhardt Michael Steinwender, Jørgen Eilenberg, Lene Sigsgaard
The generalist entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium brunneum, has proved to have great potential as a versatile biological pest control agent. The gall midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza is a specialist predator that occurs naturally in Europe and has been successfully used for aphid suppression. However, the interaction between these two biological control organisms and how it may affect the biological control of aphids awaits further investigation. As part of the EU-supported project INBIOSOIL, this study was conducted in greenhouse conditions to assess the possible effects of combining both biological control agents...
April 12, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413594/the-effect-of-repeated-preheating-of-dimethacrylate-and-silorane-based-composite-resins-on-marginal-gap-of-class-v-restorations
#16
Parnian Alizadeh Oskoee, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Elmira Jafari Navimipour, Mohammad Esmaeel Ebrahimi Chaharom, Fereshteh Naser Alavi, Ashkan Salari
Background. One of the problems with composite resin restorations is gap formation at resin‒tooth interface. The present study evaluated the effect of preheating cycles of silorane- and dimethacrylate-based composite resins on gap formation at the gingival margins of Class V restorations. Methods. In this in vitro study, standard Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces of 48 bovine incisors. For restorative procedure, the samples were randomly divided into 2 groups based on the type of composite resin (group 1: di-methacrylate composite [Filtek Z250]; group 2: silorane composite [Filtek P90]) and each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups based on the composite temperature (A: room temperature; B: after 40 preheating cycles up to 55°C)...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409577/-stereo-microscope-neglected-tool
#17
Grzegorz Gacek
Stereoscopes, in author opinion, are neglected tools in modern biology. This article shortly describes technical and application capabilities of the present stereomicroscopes. The two main types of stereomicroscope construction are depicted: Greenough microscope and Common Main Objective microscope. The technological breakthrough, asymmetrical optical design of stereomicroscopes, the Fusion Optics, is presented too. Because of very wide offer of a stereomicroscope platforms, illumination systems, software and imaging systems, the article contains also very useful factors to consider when selecting a stereomicroscope...
2017: Postepy Biochemii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401681/effect-of-dentin-pretreatment-with-potassium-oxalate-a-6-year-follow-up
#18
Isabel Cristina Celerino de Moraes Porto, Joatan Lucas de Sousa Gomes Costa, Marcio Rafael Nascimento da Silva Lopes, Johnnatan Duarte de Freitas, Isabelle Lins Macêdo de Oliveira, Gabriela Queiroz de Melo Monteiro, Marcos Antônio Japiassú Resende Montes
Oxalate-based products are effective against dentine sensitivity and have been studied as an option to improve long-term adhesive bonding strength. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of potassium oxalate on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of the dentin/resin interface after 24 h, 1, and 6 years. Dentin on the occlusal surface of 16 human premolars was exposed and etched with 35% phosphoric acid. The teeth were divided into four groups. Two groups received 3% monohydrated potassium oxalate and the following adhesive systems and composites: Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose + FiltekZ350 (3M/ESPE) and Prime & Bond NT + Esthet-X (Dentsply)...
April 12, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398151/assessing-bone-type-of-implant-recipient-sites-by-stereomicroscopic-observation-of-bone-core-specimens-a-comparison-with-the-assessment-using-dental-radiography
#19
Min-Wen Fu, E-Chin Shen, Earl Fu, Fu-Gong Lin, Tian-You Wang, Hsien-Chung Chiu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if bone quality evaluation of surgically obtained bone core specimens using a stereomicroscope is reliable for determining bone quality at implant recipient sites. METHODS: Bone quality was pre-surgically assessed in 122 edentulous ridges obtained from 62 patients using periapical radiographs and categorized according to the Lekholm and Zarb classification. During surgery, bone specimens were trephined, and bone types were immediately classified using a stereomicroscope...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395187/surface-imaging-of-the-filamentous-fungus-penicillium-simplicissimum-growing-in-a-solid-state-fermentation-system
#20
Fernando Pereira de Almeida, Denise Maria Guimarães Freire, Ulysses Lins, Melissa Limoeiro Estrada Gutarra
A comparative study on the lipase-producing fungus Penicillium simplissicimum, grown on a tray type solid-state fermentation (SSF) bioreactor, was performed using stereoscopy, focus Z-stacking stereoscopic images, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) to better characterize the morphology of filamentous fungi in SSF and their distribution over the solid matrix. The imaging of live fungal samples using a stereomicroscope with focus Z-stacking showed differences in colonization between a static SSF and an intermittent agitated SSF...
August 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
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