Read by QxMD icon Read


Beheshteh Malekafzali, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fateme Javadi
Background and Objectives: Adhesive restorations have become highly popular in pediatric dentistry, and novel methods of cavity preparation with minimal patient discomfort including Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser preparations have greatly advanced. This study aimed to compare the microleakage of composite restorations of class V cavities prepared in primary canine teeth with high-speed bur and Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 class V cavities prepared on the buccal surfaces of primary canine teeth in three groups (n = 10) of bur preparation, Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
Nazanin Kiomarsi, Melika Espahbodi, Nasim Chiniforush, Mohammad Javd Karazifard, Sedighe Sadat Hashemi Kamangar
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the effect of surface treatment by bur and laser and application of universal adhesive on repair bond strength of composite resin. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 composite blocks measuring 6×4×4 mm were fabricated of Filtek Z250 composite. All samples were subjected to 5,000 thermal cycles and divided into two groups for surface preparation by bur and by Er,Cr:YSGG laser (n = 60). The surfaces were then etched with orthophosphoric acid, rinsed with water and divided into three groups (silane, silane plus Single Bond and silane plus Single Bond Universal)...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
Laura Regina Antunes Pontes, Tatiane Fernandes Novaes, Bruna Lorena Pereira Moro, Mariana Minatel Braga, Fausto Medeiros Mendes
We aimed to investigate the performance of fluorescence-based methods (FBMs), compared to visual inspection after histological validation, in detecting and assessing the activity status of occlusal carious lesions in primary teeth. One examiner evaluated 50 primary molars close to exfoliation in 24 children. Teeth were assessed using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) and pen-type laser fluorescence (LFpen). After exfoliation, histological validation was performed. Teeth were cut and sections were evaluated for lesion depth and activity status (after utilization of a pH indicator) under a stereomicroscope...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
Jihun Kim, Chanhee Park, Jeong-Sub Lee, Jungho Ahn, Yoon Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effect of mechanical and chemical treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal orthodontic brackets on zirconia restoration. The zirconia specimens were randomly divided into 12 groups (n = 10) according to three factors: AL (Al2O3) and CO (CoJet™) by sandblasting material; SIL (silane), ZPP (Zirconia Prime Plus), and SBU (Single Bond Universal) by primer; and N (not thermocycled) and T (thermocycled). The specimens were evaluated for shear bond strength, and the fractured surfaces were observed using a stereomicroscope...
2017: Scanning
Jung-Ae Kim, Yun-Chan Hwang, Vinicius Rosa, Mi-Kyung Yu, Kwang-Won Lee, Kyung-San Min
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the filling quality of a recently developed premixed calcium silicate-based endodontic sealer (Endoseal MTA) with a single gutta-percha (GP) cone technique compared with a resin-based sealer (AH plus) with warm vertical compaction. We also explored the effect of GP cone-mediated ultrasonic activation on the filling quality of Endoseal MTA. METHODS: Thirty human single-rooted maxillary premolars with ribbon-shaped canals were prepared and assigned to 3 experimental groups according to filling method: EMS group was Endoseal MTA + single-cone; EMSU group was Endoseal MTA + single-cone with ultrasonic activation; and the APW group was AH plus + warm vertical compaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Zheng Zhu, Ya-Qin Zhu
PURPOSE: To compare and evaluate microleakage at the occlusal wall and cervical wall in Class V cavities restored with Ivoclar Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill composite, Tetric N Flow composite and N Ceram nanocomposite. METHODS: Sixty-six extracted human maxillary premolars, which were intact and healthy, were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n=22). Standardized Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of maxillary premolars. The occlusal walls of the cavities were located on the enamel and the cervical walls were located on dentin and cementum...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Matthew D Patmann, Leena H Shewade, Katelin A Schneider, Daniel R Buchholz
The procedures described here apply to Xenopus tadpoles from the beginning of feeding through the major changes of metamorphosis and are appropriate for downstream postoperative snap freezing for molecular analysis, fixation for histological analysis, and sterile organ culture. To the uninitiated, the most difficult aspects of tadpole tissue dissections are likely knowing the appearance and location of organs, and the difficulty manipulating and holding tadpoles in place to carry out the oftentimes fine and precise dissections...
November 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
José F Palacios-Abella, Javier Rodríguez-Llanos, María Víllora-Montero, Salvatore Mele, Juan A Raga, Francisco E Montero
Trematode blood flukes of the genus Cardicola are potentially lethal in bluefin tuna cultures. The present study proposed a new method to detect aporocotylid eggs in tuna gills. Aporocotylid eggs were detected by analysing a pair of gill filaments of five transversal areas of the eight holobranches of one hundred Atlantic bluefin tuna and observed with glycerol and a stereomicroscope with an oblique brightfield. Data were gathered according to holobranches, transversal areas and their combination. Eggs were uniformly distributed among the holobranches, but they had the highest prevalence in the second and fifth transversal areas, which is controversial with respect to previous studies of egg distribution...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
P Balgi, F Katge, D Pradhan, S Shetty, B Rusawat, S Pol
Introduction: The dietary habits of children expose the oral cavity to challenging environments. A durable interface between the restorative material and tooth surface is essential to ensure marginal integrity thereby contributing to the longevity of restoration. Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the micro-leakage of two newer glass ionomer cements (SDI Riva Self Cure GIC and GC Fuji IX GP EXTRA) in primary molars immersed in sugarcane juice, chocolate milk and mango drink...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Carlos-Vieira Andrade-Junior, Nilton-Dessaune Neto, Renata-Costa-Val Rodrigues, Henrique-Dos Santos Antunes, Mariana-Teixeira-Maneschy Porpino, Júlio-Cesar A Carvalhal, Luciana Armada
BACKGROUND: This study compared the incidence of deviation along curved canals after preparation with two nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary systems, Twisted File Adaptive and BT-RaCe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty resin training blocks with curved canals were filled with ink and divided into two groups according to the instrumentation technique. Preinstrumentation images were acquired by using a stereomicroscope. The canals were up to an instrument #35/0.04. Postinstrumentation images were captured using the same conditions, and the images were superimposed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Fatemeh Molaasadollah, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, Maral Jafary
Introduction: Laser therapy has been suggested as a method for caries-prevention, and ErCr:YSGG laser is increasingly used in dentistry. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of fluoride gel alone and in conjunction with Er,Cr:YSGG laser for remineralization of white spot lesions (WSLs) in primary teeth. Methods: This study was conducted on 20 primary teeth with WSLs extracted for orthodontic reasons. Three sections were made of each tooth at the site of WSLs. The surface area of WSLs was measured under a stereomicroscope at ×25 magnification...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Bruna Gabrielle da Silva Sutil, Alexandre Henrique Susin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of dentin pretreatment and temperature on the bond strength of a universal adhesive system to dentin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six extracted non-carious human third molars were randomly divided into 12 groups (n=8) according to Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SbU) applied in self-etch (SE) and etch-and-rinse (ER) mode, adhesive temperature (20°C or 37°C) and sodium bicarbonate or aluminum oxide air abrasion. After composite build up, bonded sticks with cross-sectional area of 1 mm2 were obtained to evaluate the microtensile bond strength (μTBS)...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Somruethai Channasanon, Pareeya Udomkusonsri, Surapol Chantaweroad, Passakorn Tesavibul, Siriporn Tanodekaew
Porous oligolactide-hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds were obtained by stereolithographic fabrication. Gentamicin was then coated on the scaffolds afterwards, to achieve antimicrobial delivery ability to treat bone infection. The scaffolds examined by stereomicroscope, SEM, and μCT-scan showed a well-ordered pore structure with uniform pore distribution and pore interconnectivity. The physical and mechanical properties of the scaffolds were investigated. It was shown that not only porosity but also scaffold structure played a critical role in governing the strength of scaffolds...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Snježana Kadić, Anja Baraba, Ivana Miletić, Andrei Ionescu, Eugenio Brambilla, Ana Ivanišević Malčić, Dragana Gabrić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of three calcium silicate-based root-end filling materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The root canals of 30 single-rooted teeth were endodontically treated; their root ends were resected and root-end cavities were prepared using ultrasonic tip. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the material: (1) Micro-Mega mineral trioxide aggregate (MM-MTA), (2) Biodentine, and (3) TotalFill root repair material (RRM)...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Janka Babeľová, Zuzana Šefčíková, Štefan Čikoš, Alexandra Špirková, Veronika Kovaříková, Juraj Koppel, Alexander V Makarevich, Peter Chrenek, Dušan Fabian
The potential toxicity of neonicotinoids (thiacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin) as well as related commercial products Calypso 480SC (thiacloprid mixture), Mospilan 20SP (acetamiprid mixture) and Agita 10WG (thiamethoxam mixture) on developmental capacities and quality of preimplantation embryos was evaluated. During in vitro tests, isolated 2-cell stage mice embryos were cultured in media with various concentrations of active compounds or commercial products until blastocyst formation. As found using stereomicroscopic examination, all neonicotinoids at highest (100μM) concentration negatively affected embryonic development (P<0...
October 20, 2017: Toxicology
Ageu A Rodrigues, Plínio P Gomes, Mauricio C Silva, Cláudia S A Lima, Ricardo Yara, Emília B Guimarães, Eduarda S DE Santana, Luzia A DA Silva, Eduardo J R V DE Lira, Jeymesson R C Vieira
Rhizophora mangle is an abundant plant in mangroves and tannic acid is a polyphenol produced by the secondary metabolism of plants. The aim of the study was to evaluate the embryotoxic and embriostatic effects of the aqueous extract of R. mangle and synthetic tannic acid on eggs and larvae of Aedes aegypti. A. aegypti eggs were exposed in duplicate at concentrations of 250, 500, 750 and 1000 µg/mL of extract and tannic acid for a period of 14 days. Mineral water was used as a negative control. The eggs were observed and counted in a stereomicroscope (1...
October 16, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Zahra Ghoncheh, Yasaman Kheirandish, Hanieh Kaviani, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard, Kurosh Sadeghi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Considering the high diagnostic accuracy and wide dynamic range of photostimulable phosphor plates (PSPs), they can be a good alternative for radiographic films. PURPOSE: This study was aimed to assess the effects of delay in scanning PSPs on the diagnostic accuracy of detection of approximal caries. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Radiographs from fifty-two extracted molar and premolar teeth were radiographed using DIGORA PSP (Soredex Corporation, Helsinki, Finland)...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Christopher Del Balso, Matthew G Teeter, Sok C Tan, Brent A Lanting, James L Howard
BACKGROUND: Trunnionosis at the modular head-neck taper interface in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (MoP THA) has been shown to occur, and represents a potential mode of MoP THA failure. The purpose of the present investigation is to elucidate differences in fretting and corrosion at the head-neck taper interface of prostheses retrieved from bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BH) and MoP THA. METHODS: A retrieval analysis of BH and MoP THA prostheses featuring a single taper design from a single manufacturer and in vivo for a minimum 2 years was performed...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Carolina Pessoa Stringheta, Rina Andréa Pelegrine, Augusto Shoji Kato, Laila Gonzales Freire, Elaine Faga Iglecias, Giulio Gavini, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the methods of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and cross-sectioning followed by stereomicroscopy in assessing dentinal defects after instrumentation with different mechanized systems. METHODS: Forty mesial roots of mandibular molars were scanned and divided into 4 groups (n = 10): Group R, Reciproc; Group PTN, ProTaper Next; Group WOG, WaveOne Gold; Group PDL, ProDesign Logic. After instrumentation, the roots were once again submitted to a micro-CT scan, and then sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex, and assessed for the presence of complete and incomplete dentinal defects under a stereomicroscope...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Maryam Tavangar, Zahra Zohri, Hosein Sheikhnezhad, Shahrzad Shahbeig
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to compare the micro-leakage of class V cavities restored with the newly introduced Embrace WetBond class V (EWC) composite resin and conventional Opallis composite resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, class V cavities were prepared on 30 extracted bovine incisors, with the gingival floor and the coronal margin of the cavities 1 mm apical and coronal to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) respectively. The cavities measured 3 mm in length, 2 mm in width, and 1...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"