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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533953/interplay-among-pain-intensity-sleep-disturbance-and-emotion-in-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain
#1
Shilabant Sen Sribastav, He Peiheng, Long Jun, Li Zemin, Wei Fuxin, Wang Jianru, Liu Hui, Wang Hua, Zheng Zhaomin
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common problem worldwide. There are several negative consequences of LBP, such as sleep disorders, work leave, disability, depression, anxiety, and poor quality of life. In this study, we designed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disturbance in patients with non-specific LBP(NSLBP), and cross-correlation among sleep disorder, anxiety, depression and pain intensity in patients with NSLBP. AIM: In this study, we designed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disturbance in patients with NSLBP, and cross-correlation among sleep disorder, anxiety, depression and pain intensity in patients with NSLBP...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533748/cerebral-dynamics-during-the-observation-of-point-light-displays-depicting-postural-adjustments
#2
Eduardo F Martins, Thiago Lemos, Ghislain Saunier, Thierry Pozzo, Daniel Fraiman, Claudia D Vargas
Objective: As highly social creatures, human beings rely part of their skills of identifying, interpreting, and predicting the actions of others on the ability of perceiving biological motion. In the present study, we aim to investigate the electroencephalographic (EEG) cerebral dynamics involved in the coding of postural control and examine whether upright stance would be codified through the activation of the temporal-parietal cortical network classically enrolled in the coding of biological motion. Design: We registered the EEG activity of 12 volunteers while they passively watched point light displays (PLD) depicting quiet stable (QB) and an unstable (UB) postural situations and their respective scrambled controls (QS and US)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533516/asd-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-associated-at-17q21-33-genes-prioritized-by-expression-in-fetal-brains
#3
R M Cantor, L Navarro, H Won, R L Walker, J K Lowe, D H Geschwind
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behaviorally defined condition that manifests in infancy or early childhood as deficits in communication skills and social interactions. Often, restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) accompany this disorder. ASD is polygenic and genetically complex, so we hypothesized that focusing analyses on intermediate core component phenotypes, such as RRBs, can reduce genetic heterogeneity and improve statistical power. Applying this approach, we mined Caucasian genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data from two of the largest ASD family cohorts, the Autism Genetics Resource Exchange and Autism Genome Project (AGP)...
May 23, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532767/job-strain-and-cardiovascular-health-score-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#4
Priscila T P Rocco, Isabela M Bensenor, Rosane H Griep, Arlinda B Moreno, Airlane P Alencar, Paulo A Lotufo, Itamar S Santos
We aimed to study the association between the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score and job strain in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline. We analyzed data from 11,351 active workers (aged 35 to 74 years) without overt cardiovascular disease and who had complete data. Job strain was assessed using the 17-item Brazilian version of the Swedish Job Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Clinical (fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and blood pressure) and lifestyle (diet, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index) components of CVH score were assessed according to the American Heart Association criteria...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#5
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530532/the-effect-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-social-skills-in-institutionalized-elderly-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Fatemeh Mohammadi, Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Seyedeh Ameneh Motallebi, Shahnaz Boosepasi
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific investigations on cognitive remediation in elderly patients with schizophrenia. The present study was aimed to examine the efficacy of cognitive remediation therapy on social skills in institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The study employed a randomized clinical trial. A total of 60 institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia from Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Tehran were selected and randomly allocated into two equal groups (control and intervention)...
May 22, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529696/in-silico-gene-expression-profiling-in-cannabis-sativa
#7
Luca Massimino
The cannabis plant and its active ingredients (i.e., cannabinoids and terpenoids) have been socially stigmatized for half a century. Luckily, with more than 430,000 published scientific papers and about 600 ongoing and completed clinical trials, nowadays cannabis is employed for the treatment of many different medical conditions. Nevertheless, even if a large amount of high-throughput functional genomic data exists, most researchers feature a strong background in molecular biology but lack advanced bioinformatics skills...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529370/prevention-early-intervention-and-harm-reduction-of-substance-use-in-adolescents
#8
R C Jiloha
This paper presents a systematic review on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, and harm reduction including treatment of substance abuse among adolescents for tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Taxation, public consumption bans, restriction on advertisements, and minimum legal age for consumption, are effective measures to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. School-based prevention and skill-training interventions are effective tools to reduce substance use among adolescents. Social norms and intervention to reduce substance use in adolescents do not have strong evidence of effectiveness...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529369/concurrent-validity-of-indian-disability-evaluation-and-assessment-scale-with-sociooccupational-functioning-scale-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Swapnajeet Sahoo, Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND: The Government of India (GOI) has recommended the use of Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale (IDEAS) for the assessment and certification of disability in patients with mental illness. Although data are available in terms of internal consistency and construct validity of IDEAS, concurrent validity of IDEAS has rarely been evaluated. AIM: The aim was to study the concurrent validity of IDEAS with Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Social and Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFS) in patients with schizophrenia...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528694/factors-influencing-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-to-conceptualize-a-relevant-education-program
#10
REVIEW
Maxime Morsa, Rémi Gagnayre, Carole Deccache, Pierre Lombrail
OBJECTIVE: To give a comprehensive overview of the factors that influence the transition from pediatric services to adult care, and to conceptualize a relevant education program. METHOD: An evaluation grid was used to analyze the literature and classify factors depending on whether they were related to the patients, to the health care organization, to health care personnel, to the interaction between medical staff and patient, or to the illness and its treatment...
May 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#11
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527789/neural-processes-underlying-cultural-differences-in-cognitive-persistence
#12
Eva H Telzer, Yang Qu, Lynda C Lin
Self-improvement motivation, which occurs when individuals seek to improve upon their competence by gaining new knowledge and improving upon their skills, is critical for cognitive, social, and educational adjustment. While many studies have delineated the neural mechanisms supporting extrinsic motivation induced by monetary rewards, less work has examined the neural processes that support intrinsically motivated behaviors, such as self-improvement motivation. Because cultural groups traditionally vary in terms of their self-improvement motivation, we examined cultural differences in the behavioral and neural processes underlying motivated behaviors during cognitive persistence in the absence of extrinsic rewards...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525792/team-effectiveness-in-non-governmental-organizations-ngos-projects
#13
Khawaja Fawad Latif, Nigel Williams
The incorporation of team context into research and practice regarding team effectiveness in NGOs projects is a constant challenge. The research seeks to address the gap and identify the critical determinants of team effectiveness in projects undertaken by non-governmental organizations. Using a systematic process, the study involved both literature and focus group discussions to generate the required items. A total of 157 respondents (Team Members and Team Leaders) were part of the study that filled the questionnaires...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#14
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523937/attentional-set-shifting-and-social-abilities-in-children-with-schizotypal-and-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
Ahmad Abu-Akel, Renee R Testa, Harvey P Jones, Nola Ross, Efstratios Skafidas, Bruce Tonge, Christos Pantelis
OBJECTIVE: While diagnostically independent, autism and schizotypal disorders can co-occur. Their concurrent impact on outcomes and phenotypes has not been investigated. We investigated the impact of comorbid autism and schizotypal disorders in children on executive functioning and socio-pragmatic skills - core features of both disorders. METHOD: Executive functioning (assessed with the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery) and socio-pragmatic skills (assessed using the Melbourne Assessment of Schizotypy in Kids) were investigated in a total of 67 (6-12 year old) children with autism ( n = 15; M/F = 10/5), schizotypal disorder ( n = 8; M/F = 5/3) and comorbid autism and schizotypal disorder ( n = 12; M/F = 5/7) and typically developing children ( n = 32; M/F = 17/15)...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523743/applying-lessons-from-social-psychology-to-transform-the-culture-of-error-disclosure
#16
Jason Han, Denise LaMarra, Neha Vapiwala
CONTEXT: The ability to carry out prompt and effective error disclosure has been described in the literature as an essential skill among physicians that can lead to improved patient satisfaction, staff well-being and hospital outcomes. However, few studies have addressed the social psychology principles that may influence physician behaviour. METHODS: The authors provide an overview of recent administrative measures designed to encourage physicians to disclose error, but note that deliberate practice, buttressed with lessons from social psychology, is needed to implement further productive behavioural changes...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523464/the-role-of-ontogeny-in-the-evolution-of-human-cooperation
#17
Michael Tomasello, Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera
To explain the evolutionary emergence of uniquely human skills and motivations for cooperation, Tomasello et al. (2012, in Current Anthropology 53(6):673-92) proposed the interdependence hypothesis. The key adaptive context in this account was the obligate collaborative foraging of early human adults. Hawkes (2014, in Human Nature 25(1):28-48), following Hrdy (Mothers and Others, Harvard University Press, 2009), provided an alternative account for the emergence of uniquely human cooperative skills in which the key was early human infants' attempts to solicit care and attention from adults in a cooperative breeding context...
May 18, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#18
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521656/oral-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#19
Judy Hopkins, Sharon A Cermak, Russell J Merritt
Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with associated intestinal failure may be unable to absorb sufficient nutrients to sustain life. Improvements in the medical management of SBS, including use of parenteral nutrition, has significantly increased life expectancy. Independence from parenteral nutrition further improves quality of life. However, children living with SBS often develop oral aversions and feeding difficulties. There is limited research and information on which to base interventions that will preserve and develop oral motor and feeding skills...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521007/computing-the-social-brain-connectome-across-systems-and-states
#20
Daniel Alcalá-López, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies, Frank Van Overwalle, Kai Vogeley, Rogier B Mars, Bruce I Turetsky, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Danilo Bzdok
Social skills probably emerge from the interaction between different neural processing levels. However, social neuroscience is fragmented into highly specialized, rarely cross-referenced topics. The present study attempts a systematic reconciliation by deriving a social brain definition from neural activity meta-analyses on social-cognitive capacities. The social brain was characterized by meta-analytic connectivity modeling evaluating coactivation in task-focused brain states and physiological fluctuations evaluating correlations in task-free brain states...
May 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
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