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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#1
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228573/grace-under-pressure-a-drama-based-approach-to-tackling-mistreatment-of-medical-students
#2
Karen M Scott, Špela Berlec, Louise Nash, Claire Hooker, Paul Dwyer, Paul Macneill, Jo River, Kimberley Ivory
A positive and respectful learning environment is fundamental to the development of professional identities in healthcare. Yet medical students report poor behaviour from healthcare professionals that contradict professionalism teaching. An interdisciplinary group designed and implemented a drama-based workshop series, based on applied theatre techniques, to help students develop positive professional qualities and interpersonal skills to deal with challenges in the healthcare setting. We piloted the workshops at the University of Sydney in 2015...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227788/lessons-learnt-from-a-mooc-about-social-media-for-digital-health-literacy
#3
Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Onkar Singh, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Suleman Atique
Nowadays, the Internet and social media represent prime channels for health information seeking and peer support. However, benefits of health social media can be reduced by low digital health literacy. We designed a massive open online course (MOOC) course about health social media to increase the students' digital health literacy. In this course, we wanted to explore the difficulties confronted by the MOOC users in relation to accessing quality online health information and to propose methods to overcome the issues...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227679/wildcard-a-wearable-virtual-reality-storytelling-tool-for-children-with-intellectual-developmental-disability
#4
Mirko Gelsomini, Franca Garzotto, Daniele Montesano, Daniele Occhiuto, Mirko Gelsomini, Franca Garzotto, Daniele Montesano, Daniele Occhiuto, Daniele Montesano, Franca Garzotto, Mirko Gelsomini, Daniele Occhiuto
Our research aims at supporting existing therapies for children with intellectual and developmental disorders (IDD). The personal and social autonomy is the desired end state to be achieved to enable a smooth integration in the real world. We developed and tested a framework for storytelling and learning activities that exploits an immersive virtual reality viewer to interact with target users. We co-designed our system with experts from the medical sector, identifying features that allow patients to stay focused on exercises to perform...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226970/automated-social-skills-training-with-audiovisual-information
#5
Hiroki Tanaka, Sakriani Sakti, Graham Neubig, Hideki Negoro, Hidemi Iwasaka, Satoshi Nakamura, Hiroki Tanaka, Sakriani Sakti, Graham Neubig, Hideki Negoro, Hidemi Iwasaka, Satoshi Nakamura, Sakriani Sakti, Hidemi Iwasaka, Hiroki Tanaka, Satoshi Nakamura, Graham Neubig, Hideki Negoro
People with social communication difficulties tend to have superior skills using computers, and as a result computer-based social skills training systems are flourishing. Social skills training, performed by human trainers, is a well-established method to obtain appropriate skills in social interaction. Previous works have attempted to automate one or several parts of social skills training through human-computer interaction. However, while previous work on simulating social skills training considered only acoustic and linguistic features, human social skills trainers take into account visual features (e...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225732/integrating-and-assessing-structural-competency-in-an-innovative-prehealth-curriculum-at-vanderbilt-university
#6
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty
PROBLEM: Structural competency is a framework for conceptualizing and addressing health-related social justice issues that emphasizes diagnostic recognition of economic and political conditions producing and racializing inequalities in health. Strategies are needed to teach prehealth undergraduate students concepts central to structural competency (e.g., structural inequity, structural racism, structural stigma) and to evaluate their impact. APPROACH: The curriculum for Vanderbilt University's innovative prehealth major in medicine, health, and society (MHS) was reshaped in 2013 to incorporate structural competency concepts and skills into undergraduate courses...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225730/the-medical-legal-partnership-approach-to-teaching-social-determinants-of-health-and-structural-competency-in-residency-programs
#7
Edward G Paul, Mallory Curran, Elizabeth Tobin Tyler
Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) embed civil legal services lawyers into health care settings and interprofessional health care teams delivering care to low-income or otherwise vulnerable patients and communities. MLPs present the opportunity to instill in residents a practical understanding of the social determinants of health and provide them with concrete tools to address them. MLP training helps residents develop structural competency and build the skills necessary to address barriers to health at the patient, institutional, and population levels...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#8
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#9
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225175/would-mobile-health-be-a-solution-to-rehospitalization
#10
Hong Tao, Susan McRoy, Lin Wang
It has been well-established that social environmental factors can increase the risk of rehospitalization for people receiving home healthcare services. For caregivers who might be challenged to keep up with sometimes unfamiliar health monitoring tasks or to know when to seek help, mobile health technology offers the potential to enhance the skills of informal caregivers and to improve the communication between home and clinical care. This paper described our recent work to determine the usability, functionality, and style of interaction that would be needed to provide an effective and well-accepted tool...
February 22, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224133/dataset-on-the-learning-performance-of-ecdl-digital-skills-of-undergraduate-students-for-comparing-educational-gaming-gamification-and-social-networking
#11
Luis de-Marcos, Eva García-López, Antonio García-Cabot
This paper reports data about the learning performance of students using four different motivational tools: an educational game, a gamified plugin, a social networking website and a gamified social networking website. It also reports a control group. The data pertain to 379 students of an undergraduate course that covers basic Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills in Spain. Data corresponds to different learning modules of the European Computer Driving License (ECDL) initiative. The data include variables of four pre-test scores, four post-test scores and a final examination...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222976/-five-paradoxes-in-health-promotion
#12
Olga López-Dicastillo, Navidad Canga-Armayor, Agurtzane Mujika, Miren Idoia Pardavila-Belio, Maider Belintxon, Inmaculada Serrano-Monzó, María J Pumar-Méndez
The World Health Organization states that health promotion is a key strategy to improve health, and it is conceived as a global process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. Health promotion does not focus solely on empowering individuals dealing with their knowledge, attitudes and skills, but it also takes political, social, economic and environmental aspects influencing health and wellbeing into account. The complexity of applying these concepts is reflected in the five paradoxes in health promotion; these arise in between the rhetoric in health promotion and implementation...
February 17, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#13
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221060/outcomes-for-adolescents-who-comply-with-long-term-psychosocial-treatment-for-adhd
#14
Brandon K Schultz, Steven W Evans, Joshua M Langberg, Alexander M Schoemann
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a large (N = 216) multisite clinical trial of the Challenging Horizons Program (CHP)-a yearlong afterschool program that provides academic and interpersonal skills training for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Intent-to-treat analyses suggest that, as predicted, the CHP resulted in significant reductions in problem behaviors and academic impairment when compared to community care. However, attendance in the CHP ranged from zero to 60 sessions, raising questions about optimal dosing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220518/describing-student-performance-a-comparison-among-clinical-preceptors-across-cultural-contexts
#15
Kerry Wilbur, Noha Hassaballa, Omaima S Mahmood, Emily K Black
CONTEXT: Health professional student evaluation during experiential training is notably subjective and assessor judgements may be affected by socio-cultural influences. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore how clinical preceptors in pharmacy conceptualise varying levels of student performance and to identify any contextual differences that may exist across different countries. METHODS: The qualitative research design employed semi-structured interviews...
February 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#16
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218869/child-behaviors-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-play-settings
#17
Megan MacDonald, Bridget Hatfield, Erica Twardzik
The hallmark characteristics of a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are deficits in social communicative skills and the use of repetitive and/or stereotyped behaviors. In addition, children with ASD experience known motor-skill delays. The purpose of this study was to examine salient child behaviors of young children with and without ASD in 2 distinctly different play settings: a traditional social-play-based setting and a motor-behavior-based play setting. Child behavior (engagement toward parent, negativity, and attention) and dyad characteristics (connectedness) were examined in 2 distinctly different play settings...
January 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215754/-healthy-to-heaven-middle-agers-looking-ahead-in-the-context-of-wellness-consumption
#18
Veera Koskinen, Minna Ylilahti, Terhi-Anna Wilska
Concentrating on personal health and well-being has become a central objective for people living in wealthy societies. In an age of consumerism, the current health enthusiasm can be observed particularly in the fast-growing wellness industry, the popularity of which has increased, in particular, among mature consumers, a trend also evident in people's individual strategies for aging well. As it is generally assumed that aging people consume wellness mainly to delay signs of aging, this study focuses on this understudied phenomenon with the aim of deepening the profile of mature wellness consumers...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215391/childhood-trauma-related-alterations-in-brain-function-during-a-theory-of-mind-task-in-schizophrenia
#19
Yann Quidé, Xin H Ong, Sebastian Mohnke, Knut Schnell, Henrik Walter, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
Childhood trauma is a risk factor for schizophrenia that affects brain functions associated with higher cognitive processes, including social cognition. Alterations in Theory-of-Mind (ToM), or mentalizing skills, are a hallmark feature of schizophrenia, and are also evident in individuals exposed to childhood trauma. However, the impact of childhood trauma exposure on brain function during social cognition in schizophrenia remains unclear. We thus examined the association between childhood trauma and brain function during the performance of a ToM task in 47 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
February 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215286/the-development-of-tactile-perception
#20
A J Bremner, C Spence
Touch is the first of our senses to develop, providing us with the sensory scaffold on which we come to perceive our own bodies and our sense of self. Touch also provides us with direct access to the external world of physical objects, via haptic exploration. Furthermore, a recent area of interest in tactile research across studies of developing children and adults is its social function, mediating interpersonal bonding. Although there are a range of demonstrations of early competence with touch, particularly in the domain of haptics, the review presented here indicates that many of the tactile perceptual skills that we take for granted as adults (e...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
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