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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346605/does-including-public-health-students-on-interprofessional-teams-increase-attainment-of-interprofessional-practice-competencies
#1
Pamela Ann Duffy, Julie A Ronnebaum, Teri A Stumbo, Kari Nies Smith, Rachel A Reimer
CONTEXT: Interprofessional education (IPE) creates dynamic experiential learning that can address social determinants of health that influence health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of including public health students on IPE teams on the interprofessional practice domain constructs (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork). METHODS: This single-case, mixed-methods study was performed using a grounded theory approach...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345402/clinical-and-functional-correlates-of-processing-speed-in-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Nathan E Cook, Ellen B Braaten, Craig B H Surman
It is well established that processing speed is negatively impacted in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Unfortunately, exactly how processing speed vulnerabilities manifest in daily functioning has not been well established. To support clinical care of youth with ADHD, it is important to better understand the functional consequences and relevant outcomes associated with processing speed deficits. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify the association between processing speed and clinical or functional correlates among children or adolescents diagnosed with ADHD...
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344715/the-emotional-intelligence-of-pediatric-residents-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#3
Scott A McLeod, Lyn K Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a type of social intelligence. Excellent scores are achieved by displaying high levels of empathy in interpersonal relationships, strong skills in managing stressful situations as well as other personal competencies. Many of the social competencies that EI describes may have a direct impact on patient care. The objective of this study was to describe EI of pediatric residents and to identify if there are EI skills that should be selected for targeted intervention...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344699/curricular-initiatives-that-enhance-student-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-groups-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer Desrosiers, Tim Wilkinson, Gillian Abel, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: There is no accepted best practice for optimizing tertiary student knowledge, perceptions, and skills to care for sexual and gender diverse groups. The objective of this research was to synthesize the relevant literature regarding effective curricular initiatives designed to enhance tertiary level student knowledge, perceptions, and skills to care for sexual and gender diverse populations. METHODS: A modified Critical Interpretive Synthesis using a systematic search strategy was conducted in 2015...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343626/the-rat-a-gorical-imperative-moral-intuition-and-the-limits-of-affective-learning
#5
Joshua D Greene
Decades of psychological research have demonstrated that intuitive judgments are often unreliable, thanks to their inflexible reliance on limited information (Kahneman, 2003, 2011). Research on the computational underpinnings of learning, however, indicates that intuitions may be acquired by sophisticated learning mechanisms that are highly sensitive and integrative. With this in mind, Railton (2014) urges a more optimistic view of moral intuition. Is such optimism warranted? Elsewhere (Greene, 2013) I've argued that moral intuitions offer reasonably good advice concerning the give-and-take of everyday social life, addressing the basic problem of cooperation within a "tribe" ("Me vs...
March 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#6
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341723/supervisor-descriptions-of-veterinary-student-performance-in-the-clinical-workplace-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
E J Norman
This qualitative study investigated the qualities of veterinary student performance that inform a supervisor's impression of their competency. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 15 supervisors from different veterinary subdisciplines, to elicit descriptions of excellent, weak and marginal students. Thematic analysis of transcriptions revealed 12 themes, of which engagement was frequently discussed and of stated importance, and trustworthiness was a differentiator of weak and marginal students from excellent students...
March 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340589/critical-race-theory-as-a-tool-for-understanding-poor-engagement-along-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-african-american-black-and-hispanic-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-exploration
#8
Robert Freeman, Marya Viorst Gwadz, Elizabeth Silverman, Alexandra Kutnick, Noelle R Leonard, Amanda S Ritchie, Jennifer Reed, Belkis Y Martinez
BACKGROUND: African American/Black and Hispanic persons living with HIV (AABH-PLWH) in the U.S. evidence insufficient engagement in HIV care and low uptake of HIV antiretroviral therapy, leading to suboptimal clinical outcomes. The present qualitative study used critical race theory, and incorporated intersectionality theory, to understand AABH-PLWH's perspectives on the mechanisms by which structural racism; that is, the macro-level systems that reinforce inequities among racial/ethnic groups, influence health decisions and behaviors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#9
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339592/active-collaboration-with-clients-an-underemphasized-but-vital-part-of-evidence-based-practice
#10
James Drisko
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a widely recognized concept in contemporary social work practice. However, recent studies have shown that social workers do not understand EBP correctly. Standardized administrative approaches to implementing EBP have led to confusion about its core practice decision-making process. This collaborative process is the heart of EBP in direct social work practice. This article explores the EBP process and addresses a vital but often underemphasized step of EBP: active collaboration with the client in decision making...
January 28, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339490/create-your-own-stimulus-manipulating-movements-according-to-social-categories
#11
Markus Koppensteiner, Georg Primes, Pia Stephan
People ascribe purposeful behaviour to the movements of artificial objects and social qualities to human body motion. We investigated how people associate simple motion cues with social categories. For a first rating-experiment we converted the body movements of speakers into stick-figure animations; for a second rating-experiment we used animations of one single dot. Rating-experiments were "reversed" because we asked participants to alter the movements (i.e., vertical amplitude, horizontal amplitude, and velocity) of the stimuli according to different instructions (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336795/the-opportunities-and-ethics-of-big-data-practical-priorities-for-a-national-council-of-data-ethics
#12
REVIEW
Olivia Varley-Winter, Hetan Shah
In order to generate the gains that can come from analysing and linking big datasets, data holders need to consider the ethical frameworks, principles and applications that help to maintain public trust. In the USA, the National Science Foundation helped to set up a Council for Big Data, Ethics and Society, of which there is no equivalent in the UK. In November 2015, the Royal Statistical Society convened a workshop of 28 participants from government, academia and the private sector, and discussed the practical priorities that might be assisted by a new Council of Data Ethics in the UK...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334786/lessons-learned-from-community-based-participatory-research-establishing-a-partnership-to-support-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-ageing-in-place
#13
Leslie A Wright, Diane K King, Jessica H Retrum, Kenneth Helander, Shari Wilkins, Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Kathryn Nearing, Wendolyn S Gozansky
Background.: Due to a history of oppression and lack of culturally competent services, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) seniors experience barriers to accessing social services. Tailoring an evidence-based ageing in place intervention to address the unique needs of LGBT seniors may decrease the isolation often faced by this population. Objective.: To describe practices used in the formation of a community-based participatory research (CBPR), partnership involving social workers, health services providers, researchers and community members who engaged to establish a LGBT ageing in place model called Seniors Using Supports To Age In Neighborhoods (SUSTAIN)...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332197/music-making-for-health-and-wellbeing-in-youth-justice-settings-mediated-affordances-and-the-impact-of-context-and-social-relations
#14
Norma Daykin, Nick de Viggiani, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington
Young people in the criminal justice system experience significant health and wellbeing issues that often stem from poverty and disadvantage and, in turn, are linked with offending and reoffending behaviour. There is ongoing interest in interventions such as participatory music programmes that seek to foster social reintegration, support mental wellbeing and equip young offenders with life skills, competencies and emotional resilience. However, there is a need for a situated understanding of both positive and negative experiences that shape potential outcomes of music projects...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329795/construct-validation-of-wenger-s-support-network-typology
#15
Agnes Szabo, Christine Stephens, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass
Objectives: The study aimed to validate Wenger's empirically derived support network typology of responses to the Practitioner Assessment of Network Type (PANT) in an older New Zealander population. The configuration of network types was tested across ethnic groups and in the total sample. Method: Data (N = 872, Mage = 67 years, SDage = 1.56 years) from the 2006 wave of the New Zealand Health, Work and Retirement study were analyzed using latent profile analysis...
October 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329353/pre-diagnosis-sleep-duration-napping-and-mortality-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-in-a-large-us-cohort
#16
Qian Xiao, Hannah Arem, Ruth Pfeiffer, Charles Matthews
Study Objectives: Pre-diagnosis lifestyle factors can influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival. Sleep deficiency is linked to metabolic dysfunction and chronic inflammation, which may contribute to higher mortality from cardiometabolic conditions and promote tumor progression. We hypothesized that pre-diagnosis sleep deficiency would be associated with poor CRC survival. No previous study has examined either nighttime sleep or daytime napping in relation to survival among men and women diagnosed with CRC...
February 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327253/the-wolf-will-live-with-the-lamb
#17
Richard Ronay, Joshua M Tybur
Maestripieri et al. pit evolutionary psychology against social psychological and economic perspectives in a winner-take-all empirical battle. In doing so, they risk positioning evolutionary psychology as an antagonistic subdisciplinary enterprise. We worry that such a framing may exacerbate tensions between "competing" scientific perspectives and limit evolutionary psychology's potential to serve as a unifying core theory.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327231/attractiveness-biases-are-the-tip-of-the-iceberg-in-biological-markets
#18
Pat Barclay
Physical attractiveness affects how one gets treated, but it is just a single component of one's overall "market value." One's treatment depends on other markers of market value, including social status, competence, warmth, and any other cues of one's ability or willingness to confer benefits on partners. To completely understand biased treatment, we must also incorporate these other factors.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326885/a-matter-of-attachment-how-adoptive-parents-foster-post-institutionalized-children-s-social-and-emotional-adjustment
#19
Lavinia Barone, Francesca Lionetti, Jonathan Green
The current study investigates the contribution of children's age at adoption (M = 46.52 months, SD = 11.52 months) and parents' attachment on post-institutionalized children's attachment and social-emotional adjustment. A total of 132 subjects, 48 post-institutionalized children aged 3-5 years, and their adoptive parents, took part in the study. One year from adoption, children's attachment distribution was as follows: 31% secure, 42% disorganized, and 27% insecure. Parents' secure attachment increased children's probability of presenting a secure attachment pattern; specifically, mothers' attachment patterns were most strongly associated with those of their adopted children, with fathers' making an additional contribution...
March 22, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325120/hydrosalpinx-tubal-surgery-or-in-vitro-fertilisation-an-everlasting-dilemma-nowadays-a-narrative-review
#20
A Daniilidis, D Balaouras, D Chitzios, T Theodoridis, E Assimakopoulos
The decision on how to treat tubal diseases, specifically hydrosalpinx, is a difficult one. Ιt involves surgical, medical, social, emotional and economic factors. This narrative review aims to increase awareness of tubal disease diagnosis and treatment, to compare between tubal surgery and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) for tubal factor infertility, and to investigate the effect of the combination of both. This way, we can be more effective, safe and provide our patients with better treatment results. The review analysed randomised studies, trials and meta-analysis, which give new aspects on the treatment methods for tubal pathology before IVF...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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