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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214430/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-academic-service-partnerships-experiences-of-working-life-representatives-from-social-and-health-care-sectors
#1
Hanna-Leena Melender
Learning about how to develop and lead the implementation of evidence based practice (EBP) in services is an important part of the education of developers and managers for the social and health care sectors. In order to develop this teaching and to support the development of EBP in services, a Teaching Development Effort (TDE) was conducted by establishing academic service partnerships (ASPs) and connecting Master's students' assignments with them. The TDE was conducted as a part of a larger project whose main aims were to strengthen, develop and renew transfers of knowledge and competence between higher education institutions and workplaces, and to strive for a more multidisciplinary quality in workplace innovations...
February 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213889/social-emotional-competence-an-essential-factor-for-promoting-positive-adjustment-and-reducing-risk-in-school-children
#2
Celene E Domitrovich, Joseph A Durlak, Katharine C Staley, Roger P Weissberg
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and cost-effective interventions; and (d) plays a critical role in the behavior change process. This article reviews this research and what is known about effective intervention approaches...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213839/the-role-of-theory-of-mind-on-social-information-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-mediation-analysis
#3
Monica Mazza, Melania Mariano, Sara Peretti, Francesco Masedu, Maria Chiara Pino, Marco Valenti
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show significant impairments in social skills and theory of mind (ToM). The aim of this study was to evaluate ToM and social information processing abilities in 52 children with ASD compared to 55 typically developing (TD) children. A mediation analysis evaluated whether social information processing abilities can be mediated by ToM competences. In our results, children with autism showed a deficit in social skills and ToM components. The innovative results of our study applying mediation analysis demonstrate that ToM plays a key role in the development of social abilities, and the lack of ToM competences in children with autism impairs their competent social behavior...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208098/-don-t-think-i-m-going-to-leave-you-over-it-accounts-of-changing-hepatitis-c-status-among-couples-who-inject-drugs
#4
Jake Rance, Carla Treloar, Suzanne Fraser, Joanne Bryant, Tim Rhodes
BACKGROUND: While the health-related benefits of intimate partnership are well documented, little attention has been paid to couples exposed to high levels of social stigma and exclusion. In this project we investigated an important site of stigma for partnerships by collecting accounts of changing hepatitis C (HCV) status ("sero-change") among couples that inject drugs. We explored what these accounts reveal about the meaning of HCV for these couples, and how this understanding contributes to our collective efforts at prevention and care...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206842/finding-the-balance-uncovering-resilience-in-the-veterinary-literature
#5
Martin A Cake, Michelle M McArthur, Susan M Matthew, Caroline F Mansfield
Resilience is an issue of emerging importance in veterinary education and research, as in other professional contexts. The aim of this study was to perform an appraisal of how resilience is portrayed in the contemporary (1995-present) research and education literature around veterinary mental health, and to attempt a provisional synthesis informing a conception of resilience in the veterinary context. Qualitative analysis of the literature (59 sources included) revealed a dominant emphasis on mental health problems, particularly stress, which outweighs and potentially obscures complementary approaches to well-being and resilience...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202653/argentine-ants-linepithema-humile-use-adaptable-transportation-networks-to-track-changes-in-resource-quality
#6
Tanya Latty, Michael J Holmes, James C Makinson, Madeleine Beekman
Transportation networks play a crucial role in human and animal societies. For a transportation network to be efficient, it must have adequate capacity to meet traffic demand. Network design becomes increasingly difficult in situations where traffic demand can change unexpectedly. In humans, network design is often constrained by path dependency because it is difficult to move a road once it is built. A similar issue theoretically faces pheromone-trail-laying social insects; once a trail has been laid, positive feedback makes re-routing difficult because new trails cannot compete with continually reinforced pre-existing trails...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#7
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202233/practice-makes-perfect-a-systematic-review-of-the-expertise-development-of-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-in-the-united-kingdom
#8
REVIEW
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex and error-prone task that demands expertise. McLellan et al.'s theory of expertise development model ("the model"), developed to assess medical literature on prescribing by medical students, proposes that in order to develop, individuals should deliberately engage their knowledge, skills and attitudes within a social context. Its applicability to independent prescribers (IP) is unknown. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether the model is applicable to non-medical independent prescribing and to assess the factors underpinning expertise development reported in the literature...
February 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202156/the-status-value-theory-of-power-and-mechanisms-of-micro-stratification-theory-and-new-experimental-evidence
#9
Shane R Thye, Ashley Harrell
This paper employs sociological theories of status and power to explore the mechanisms wherein status characteristics produce power in exchange relations. Theories in the status and exchange literature suggest that status characteristics produce power most strongly when actors possess (i) multiple differentiating status characteristics, and (ii) multiple resources. An experiment manipulating these factors finds that the former is related to expectations of competence while the latter induces perceptions of status value - mechanisms whereby status produces power...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202109/-early-intellectual-developmental-outcome-of-late-preterm-infants
#10
Teng-Wei Zhang, Fa-Tao Lin, Yan-Yan Song, Lan-Xiu Wang, Yue-Ju Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early intellectual developmental outcome of late preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 106 late preterm infants with a gestational age of 34-36(+6) weeks who were admitted to the neonatal ward between January 2012 and January 2015, cured, discharged, and regularly followed up at the outpatient service for high-risk children were enrolled as the preterm group. A total of 120 healthy full-term infants during the same period were randomly selected as the term group...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198751/the-role-of-agonistic-striving-in-the-association-between-cortisol-and-high-blood-pressure
#11
Craig K Ewart, Gavin J Elder, Randall S Jorgensen, Sheila T Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVES: A social action theory of chronic stress proposes that agonistic striving (seeking to influence or control others) impairs cardiovascular health by magnifying the impact of high adversity-induced cortisol levels on blood pressure. We tested three predictions of social action theory: (1) the social action theory taxonomy of regulatory strivings characterizes young adults from high-adversity neighborhoods; (2) high cortisol levels predict high blood pressure more reliably in the subgroup with the agonistic striving profile than in subgroups with other profiles; (3) the association of higher cortisol and higher blood pressure with agonistic striving is not explained by negative affect (depressive symptoms/dysphoria, anger, hostility)...
November 3, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198108/formulaic-sequences-as-a-regulatory-mechanism-for-cognitive-perturbations-during-the-achievement-of-social-goals
#12
Alison Wray
This paper explores two questions central to understanding the nature of formulaic sequences: (1) What are they for? and (2) What determines how many there are? The "Communicative Impact" model draws into a single account how language is shaped by cognitive processing on the one hand and socio-interactional function on the other: Formulaic sequences play a range of coordinated roles in neutralizing unanticipated perturbations in the cognitive management of language, so the speaker's socio-interactional goals can still be achieved...
February 15, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196462/should-mental-disorders-be-a-basis-for-physician-assisted-death
#13
Paul S Appelbaum
Laws permitting physician-assisted death in the United States currently are limited to terminal conditions. Canada is considering whether to extend the practice to encompass intractable suffering caused by mental disorders, and the question inevitably will arise in the United States. Among the problems seen in countries that have legalized assisted death for mental disorders are difficulties in assessing the disorder's intractability and the patient's decisional competence, and the disproportionate involvement of patients with social isolation and personality disorders...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196372/resilience-through-adaptation
#14
Guus A Ten Broeke, George A K van Voorn, Arend Ligtenberg, Jaap Molenaar
Adaptation of agents through learning or evolution is an important component of the resilience of Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). Without adaptation, the flexibility of such systems to cope with outside pressures would be much lower. To study the capabilities of CAS to adapt, social simulations with agent-based models (ABMs) provide a helpful tool. However, the value of ABMs for studying adaptation depends on the availability of methodologies for sensitivity analysis that can quantify resilience and adaptation in ABMs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#15
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186063/nursing-students-perceived-learning-from-a-digital-health-assignment-as-part-of-the-nursing-care-for-the-childbearing-family-course
#16
Maggie Theron, Anne Redmond, Elizabeth M Borycki
To increase the competency of undergraduate nursing students to find and evaluate online health information, a Digital Health Assignment was created for second year nursing students. Facebook was used as the assignment platform. Students chose and appraised social media postings regarding topics of interest for expecting families. Students utilized an adapted Trust in Online Health Information scale to appraise the social media postings, including the quality of information. At completion of the assignment, student evaluation surveys revealed the knowledge gained through the learning activity...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186062/baccalaureate-nursing-students-abilities-in-critically-identifying-and-evaluating-the-quality-of-online-health-information
#17
Maggie Theron, Anne Redmond, Elizabeth M Borycki
Both the Internet and social media have become important tools that patients and health professionals, including health professional students, use to obtain information and support their decision-making surrounding health care. Students in the health sciences require increased competence to select, appraise, and use online sources to adequately educate and support patients and advocate for patient needs and best practices. The purpose of this study was to ascertain if second year nursing students have the ability to critically identify and evaluate the quality of online health information through comparisons between student and expert assessments of selected online health information postings using an adapted Trust in Online Health Information scale...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182482/the-attribution-of-navigational-and-goal-directed-agency-in-dogs-canis-familiaris-and-human-toddlers-homo-sapiens
#18
Tibor Tauzin, Andor Csík, Kata Lovas, György Gergely, József Topál
Both human infants and nonhuman primates can recognize unfamiliar entities as instrumental agents ascribing to them goals and efficiency of goal-pursuit. This competence relies on movement cues indicating distal sensitivity to the environment and choice of efficient goal-approach. Although dogs' evolved sensitivity to social cues allow them to recognize humans as communicative agents, it remains unclear whether they have also evolved a basic concept of instrumental agency. We used a preferential object-choice procedure to test whether adult pet dogs and human toddlers can identify unfamiliar entities as agents based on different types of movement cues that specify different levels of agency...
February 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181053/developing-autism-screening-criteria-for-the-brief-infant-toddler-social-emotional-assessment-bitsea
#19
Ivy Giserman Kiss, Melanie S Feldman, R Christopher Sheldrick, Alice S Carter
There is a critical need for evidence-based, broadband behavioral, and ASD screening measures for use in pediatric and early educational settings to ensure that young children at risk for developing social-emotional disorders and/or ASD are provided with early intervention services to optimize long-term outcomes. The BITSEA is a 42-item screener designed to identify social-emotional/behavioral problems and delays/deficits in social-emotional competence among 11-48-month-olds; 19 items describe behaviors consistent with ASD...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178859/an-ordinary-life-people-with-dementia-living-in-a-residential-setting
#20
Tula Brannelly, Jean A Gilmour, Heidi O'Reilly, Mary Leighton, Allana Woodford
The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of care support workers and family members of the impact of a new care approach in a specialised unit as it shifted from a clinical to an inclusive model, focused on creating an ordinary life for people with dementia and their families. The research was a partnership between the unit staff and university researchers. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected in focus groups with 11 family members and nine staff members. Thematic analysis identified the themes personalised care for people with dementia, family involvement - continuing to care, and staff competence and confidence to care...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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