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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793150/exploring-the-victimization%C3%A2-early-substance-misuse-relationship-in-search-of-moderating-and-mediating-effects
#1
Glenn D Walters, Dorothy L Espelage
This study was designed to address two research questions. The first research question asked whether physical abuse victimization at the hands of parents/guardians, bullying victimization at the hands of peers, and the abuse x bullying interaction encouraged early involvement in substance misuse. The second research question inquired as to whether the victimization‒substance misuse relationship was mediated by variables proposed by various theories and research studies-specifically, cognitive impulsivity, negative affect, and low self-esteem...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792581/victimization-and-violence-an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-violence-and-delinquency
#2
Rebecca Shoaf Kozak, Melinda Gushwa, Tamara J Cadet
Child sexual abuse (CSA) continues to be a major public health issue with significant short- and long-term consequences. However, little contemporary research has examined the relationship between CSA and delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence. Children who have been sexually abused experience a unique form of victimization compared to children who have endured other forms of maltreatment, as CSA can result in feelings of shame, powerlessness and boundary violations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CSA on delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792486/okay-to-say-initial-validation-of-the-acceptability-of-racial-microaggressions-scale
#3
Yara Mekawi, Nathan R Todd
Despite a growing body of research documenting the negative impact of racial microaggressions on racial and ethnic minorities' wellbeing, there remains debate in society about whether it is acceptable to say racially microaggressive statements. However, no scale exists to assess attitudes about the acceptability of saying such statements. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present an initial validation of a new scale, the Acceptability of Racial Microaggressions Scale (ARMS), which assesses attitudes about how "okay" it is for White individuals to say different types of racially microaggressive statements to racial and ethnic minorities in an interpersonal interaction...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792342/misidentification-of-copperhead-and-cottonmouth-snakes-following-snakebites
#4
Robert D Cox, Christina S Parker, Erin C E Cox, Michael B Marlin, Robert L Galli
INTRODUCTION: Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) and cottonmouth or water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) snakes account for the majority of venomous snakebites in the southern United States. Cottonmouth snakes are generally considered to have more potent venom. Copperheads are considered less venomous and there is some controversy as to whether or not bites from copperhead snakes need to be treated with antivenom. Copperhead and juvenile cottonmouth snakes are both brown in color...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792131/management-of-nursing-workplace-incivility-in-the-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#5
Nancy Armstrong
Workplace incivility is a well-documented issue in nursing in the health care setting. It has the potential to cause emotional and physical distress in victims and potentially affects the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to critique and summarize the most recent, available evidence related to interventions in assisting nursing staff working in health care settings in managing incivility. This systematic review of literature yielded 10 studies meeting the criteria. The studies were mostly identified as lower quality research...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792129/exploring-intimate-partner-violence-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-bangladesh
#6
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Paul Mazerolle, Kathleen Baird, Nurunnahar Mazumder
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant or postpartum women is known to have multiple detrimental effects on women and their children. Although results from past research suggest much continuity in trajectories of IPV, it is unclear whether pregnancy interrupts or augments these patterns. Little is known about how physical, sexual, and psychological IPV change and overlap throughout a woman's transition to parenthood. Relying on population-based data, this study examines the prevalence, co-occurring nature, and the changing patterns of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV before, during, and after pregnancy in Bangladesh...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791490/potential-technique-for-improving-the-survival-of-victims-of-tsunamis
#7
Akane Kurisu, Hisami Suga, Zdenek Prochazka, Kojiro Suzuki, Kazumasa Oguri, Tetsunori Inoue
We investigated a method for surviving tsunamis that involved the use of personal flotation devices (PFDs). In our work, we succeeded in numerically demonstrating that the heads of all the dummies wearing PFDs remained on the surface and were not dragged underwater after the artificial tsunami wave hit them. In contrast, the heads of all the dummies not wearing PFDs were drawn underwater immediately; these dummies were subsequently entrapped in a vortex. The results of our series of experiments are important as a first step to preventing the tragedies caused by tsunamis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791471/brown-bear-ursus-arctos-attacks-resulting-in-human-casualties-in-scandinavia-1977-2016-management-implications-and-recommendations
#8
Ole-Gunnar Støen, Andrés Ordiz, Veronica Sahlén, Jon M Arnemo, Solve Sæbø, Glenn Mattsing, Magnus Kristofferson, Sven Brunberg, Jonas Kindberg, Jon E Swenson
Human persecution and habitat loss have endangered large carnivore populations worldwide, but some are recovering, exacerbating old conflicts. Carnivores can injure and kill people; the most dramatic form of wildlife-human conflict. In Scandinavia, the brown bear (Ursus arctos) population increased from ~500 bears in 1977 to ~3300 in 2008, with an increase in injuries, fatalities, and public fear of bear attacks. We reviewed media coverage and interviewed victims to explore how bear population trends, hunter education, and other factors may have influenced the number of injuries and fatalities in Scandinavia from 1977 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791295/ultrasonographic-detection-of-ingested-fishing-lines-in-loggerheads-caretta-caretta
#9
Delia Franchini, Carmela Valastro, Stefano Ciccarelli, Francesco Caprio, Diana Lenoci, Antonio Di Bello
Loggerhead sea turtles ( Caretta caretta) are among the most frequent victims of bycatch in drifting longlines, and the ingestion of fish hooks and fishing lines is one of the most frequent causes of death of sea turtles. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether coelomic ultrasound (US) can be decisive, not only for diagnosis but also to optimize surgical planning based on preoperative evaluation of the bowel conditions and, in addition, to see if there are characteristic sonographic findings in sea turtles associated with the ingestion of fishing lines...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791277/peer-rejection-and-internalizing-behavior-the-mediating-role-of-peer-victimization-in-preschool
#10
Özge Metin Aslan
The author examined the relationship among peer rejection, peer victimization, and internalizing behaviors. The author hypothesized that physical and relational victimization would have a different indirect effect on the relationship between peer rejection and internalizing behaviors. Participants were 94 preschool children (37 girls; average age 49.97 months) from two university preschools located in the northern part of the United States. The results indicated that internalizing behaviors predicted the mediating variables only regarding relational victimization...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791272/are-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-associated-with-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-a-meta-analysis
#11
Jessica A Heerde, Sheryl A Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: To appraise internationally published literature investigating bullying in its association with deliberate self-harm (DSH). METHODS: A systematic review and series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-eight effect sizes, analyzing data from 156,284 adolescents aged 11-19 years were examined. Results showed significant associations between both traditional bullying perpetration (OR 1.81, 95% CI [1...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791037/discrepancies-between-retrospective-and-actual-self-reports-of-peer-victimization-six-years-earlier
#12
Adrienne Nishina, Luis Armando Parra
Retrospective peer victimization reports may be inaccurate. With an ethnically and sexually diverse sample, this study compared adolescents' self-reported peer victimization in 6th grade to their own retrospective reports of 6th-grade victimization when they were in the 12th grade, controlling for past and current adjustment. Overall, 12th graders' retrospective victimization reports correlated with their own earlier 6th-grade self-reports and there was a general tendency to underreport retrospectively. Underreporters were distinguished by worse past 6th-grade adjustment, whereas overreporters were distinguished by worse current (12th-grade) adjustment...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790465/multiple-victims-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-the-aftermath-of-a-wildfire-a-case-series
#13
Luís Ramos Santos, Magna Alves-Correia, Margarida Câmara, Manuela Lélis, Carmo Caldeira, Maria Luz Brazão, José Júlio Nóbrega
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide poisoning may occur in several contexts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective of 37 carbon monoxide poisoning cases that underwent hyperbaric oxygen during wildfires in Funchal in August 2016. RESULTS: The studied sample included 37 patients, mean age of 38 years, 78% males. Ten were firefighters, four children and two pregnant victims. Neurological symptoms were the most reported. Median carboxyhemoglobin level was 3...
March 29, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790079/impact-of-spirituality-religiousness-on-cyber-bullying-and-victimization-in-university-students-mediating-effect-of-emotional-intelligence
#14
Mohit Yadav, Rohit Yadav
The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717-731, 2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790039/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-with-severe-mental-illnesses-needs-and-challenges-from-the-perspectives-of-behavioral-health-and-domestic-violence-service-providers
#15
Tonya B Van Deinse, Amy Blank Wilson, Rebecca J Macy, Gary S Cuddeback
Women with severe mental illnesses face high rates of violence victimization, yet little is understood about the unique needs and challenges these women present to the domestic violence and behavioral health agencies that serve them. To help address this knowledge gap, focus groups were conducted with 28 staff members from local behavioral health and domestic violence service agencies. Results from this exploratory study suggest that women with severe mental illnesses who experience intimate partner violence face additional challenges that exacerbate behavioral health and domestic violence issues and put these women at greater risk for continued victimization...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789775/pathological-internet-use-an-important-comorbidity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-prevalence-and-correlation-patterns-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescent-inpatients
#16
Martin Fuchs, David Riedl, Astrid Bock, Gerhard Rumpold, Kathrin Sevecke
Background: Few studies have examined the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) in young people undergoing inpatient treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry centers. The aims of our study were thus (a) to assess the frequency of comorbid PIU in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients and compare it with a control group of nonreferred adolescents and (b) to gain insights into correlations between PIU and psychiatric comorbidities. Methods: 111 child and adolescent psychiatry inpatients (CAP-IP, mean age 15...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788814/advancing-a-model-of-secondary-trauma-consequences-for-victim-service-providers
#17
Colter Ellis, Kelly E Knight
A burgeoning body of scholarship is attempting to understand, normalize, and ameliorate the emotional strain of victim service provision. The literature, however, has yet to fully theorize the hazardous process of empathetic engagement with victims. As a result, concepts, mechanisms, and outcomes are often conflated, making it difficult to understand the etiological path of this occupational risk. The goal of this article is to attend to this gap by accomplishing three objectives. The first is to engage with the perspective of symbolic interaction to theoretically ground a conceptual model of secondary trauma...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788243/social-support-and-the-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-among-adults-from-six-european-countries
#18
Nicole Geovana Dias, Diogo Costa, Joaquim Soares, Eleni Hatzidimitriadou, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Örjan Sundin, Olga Toth, Henrique Barros, Silvia Fraga
Background: Social support may buffer the negative effects of violence on physical and mental health. Family medicine providers play an essential role in identifying the available social support and intervening in intimate partner violence (IPV). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the association between social support and the IPV victimization among adults from six European countries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional multi-centre study that included individuals from Athens (Greece), Budapest (Hungary), London (UK), Östersund (Sweden), Porto (Portugal) and Stuttgart (Germany)...
May 21, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787580/risk-behaviors-and-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-criminal-justice-involved-hiv-infected-transgender-women-and-cisgender-men-data-from-the-seek-test-treat-and-retain-harmonization-initiative
#19
Curt G Beckwith, Irene Kuo, Rob J Fredericksen, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, William E Cunningham, Sandra A Springer, Kelsey B Loeliger, Julie Franks, Katerina Christopoulos, Jennifer Lorvick, Shoshana Y Kahana, Rebekah Young, David W Seal, Chad Zawitz, Joseph A Delaney, Heidi M Crane, Mary L Biggs
BACKGROUND: Transgender persons are highly victimized, marginalized, disproportionately experience incarceration, and have alarmingly increased rates of HIV infection compared to cis-gender persons. Few studies have examined the HIV care continuum outcomes among transgender women (TW), particularly TW who are involved with the criminal justice (CJ) system. METHODS: To improve our understanding of HIV care continuum outcomes and risk behaviors among HIV-infected TW who are involved with the CJ system, we analyzed data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse-supported Seek, Test, Treat, Retain (STTR) Data Harmonization Initiative...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787445/deployment-of-the-dosikit-system-under-operational-conditions-experience-from-a-french-defense-national-nuclear-exercise
#20
F Entine, J Bensimon Etzol, C Bettencourt, M Dondey, X Michel, G Gagna, G Gellie, Y Corre, N Ugolin, S Chevillard, J-C Amabile
Estimation of the dose received by accidentally irradiated victims is based on a tripod: clinical, biological, and physical dosimetry. The DosiKit system is an operational and mobile biodosimetry device allowing the measurement of external irradiation directly on the site of a radiological accident. This tool is based on capillary blood sample and hair follicle collection. The aim is to obtain a whole-body and local-surface dose assessment. This paper is about the technical evaluation of the DosiKit; the analytical process and scientific validation are briefly described...
July 2018: Health Physics
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