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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166473/-frequency-and-variables-associated-with-perceived-devaluation-discrimination-in-victims-of-the-armed-conflict-in-colombia
#1
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Anyelly C Ospino, Adriana R Sanabria, Valeria M Guerra, Beatriz H Caamaño, Edwin Herazo
There is no information on frequency of perceived devaluation-discrimination in victims of the armed conflict in Colombia. The aim of this study was thus to determine the frequency of perceived devaluation-discrimination and associated variables among victims of the armed conflict in municipalities in the Department of Magdalena, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among victims enrolled in the Program for Psychosocial Care and Comprehensive Healthcare for Victims. Depressive symptoms were quantified with four dichotomous items (three or more were classified as high level of depressive symptoms), and perceived devaluation-discrimination was quantified with six dichotomous items (two or more were classified as high perceived devaluation-discrimination)...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#2
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164362/coping-and-sexual-harassment-how-victims-cope-across-multiple-settings
#3
Jennifer A Scarduzio, Sarah E Sheff, Mathew Smith
The ways sexual harassment occurs both online and in face-to-face settings has become more complicated. Sexual harassment that occurs in cyberspace or online sexual harassment adds complexity to the experiences of victims, current research understandings, and the legal dimensions of this phenomenon. Social networking sites (SNS) are a type of social media that offer unique opportunities to users and sometimes the communication that occurs on SNS can cross the line from flirtation into online sexual harassment...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163975/on-the-descent-of-the-epididymo-testicular-unit-cryptorchidism-and-prevention-of-infertility
#4
REVIEW
Faruk Hadziselimovic
This comprehensive review provides in-depth coverage of progress made in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying cryptorchidism, a frequent pathology first described in about 1786 by John Hunter. The first part focuses on the physiology, embryology, and histology of epididymo-testicular descent. In the last 20 years epididymo-testicular descent has become the victim of schematic drawings with an unjustified rejection of valid histological data. This part also includes discussion on the roles of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, fibroblast growth factors, Müllerian inhibiting substance, androgens, inhibin B, and insulin-like 3 in epididymo-testicular descent...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163861/peritraumatic-reactions-in-relation-to-trauma-exposure-and-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-high-school-students
#5
Nikolas Aho, Marie Proczkowska Björklund, Carl Göran Svedin
Background: Exposure to traumatic events is clearly associated with a diversity of subsequent mental health problems, with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as the most prevalent disorder. Epidemiologically, trauma exposure rates are more prevalent than PTSD, indicating that most trauma victims do not develop PTSD. More knowledge is needed to understand the development of the different posttraumatic pathways including the significance of pretraumatic, peritraumatic and posttraumatic risk factors. Objective: To study peritraumatic reactions in relation to trauma exposure and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and to enhance our understanding of peritraumatic reactions as mediators between trauma and later symptomatology...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163150/targeting-dna-repair-through-podophyllotoxin-and-rutin-formulation-in-hematopoietic-radioprotection-an-in-silico-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#6
M H Yashavarddhan, Sandeep K Shukla, Pankaj Chaudhary, Nitya N Srivastava, Jayadev Joshi, Mrutyunjay Suar, Manju L Gupta
Drug discovery field has tremendously progressed during last few decades, however, an effective radiation countermeasure agent for the safe administration to the victims of radiation exposure is still unavailable. This multi-model study is aimed at elucidating the mechanistic aspects of a novel podophyllotoxin and rutin combination (henceforth referred as G-003M) in the hematopoietic radioprotection and its involvement in the DNA damage and repair signaling pathways. Using in silico study, we identified the binding sites and structural components of G-003M and validated in vitro...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163090/community-violence-exposure-and-conduct-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#7
Linda Kersten, Noortje Vriends, Martin Steppan, Nora M Raschle, Martin Praetzlich, Helena Oldenhof, Robert Vermeiren, Lucres Jansen, Katharina Ackermann, Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Ignazio Puzzo, Amy Wells, Jack C Rogers, Roberta Clanton, Rosalind H Baker, Liam Grisley, Sarah Baumann, Malou Gundlach, Gregor Kohls, Miguel A Gonzalez-Torres, Eva Sesma-Pardo, Roberta Dochnal, Helen Lazaratou, Zacharias Kalogerakis, Aitana Bigorra Gualba, Areti Smaragdi, Réka Siklósi, Dimitris Dikeos, Amaia Hervás, Aranzazu Fernández-Rivas, Stephane A De Brito, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Graeme Fairchild, Christine M Freitag, Arne Popma, Meinhard Kieser, Christina Stadler
Exposure to community violence through witnessing or being directly victimized has been associated with conduct problems in a range of studies. However, the relationship between community violence exposure (CVE) and conduct problems has never been studied separately in healthy individuals and individuals with conduct disorder (CD). Therefore, it is not clear whether the association between CVE and conduct problems is due to confounding factors, because those with high conduct problems also tend to live in more violent neighborhoods, i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161940/helping-others-by-first-affirming-the-self-when-self-affirmation-reduces-ego-defensive-downplaying-of-others-misfortunes
#8
Sara Kim, Ann L McGill
We show that self-affirmation increases helping behavior toward others in need. We argue that as awareness of others' pain causes discomfort, individuals are often motivated to ignore information about such pain. However, ignoring others' suffering implies that one is not a good and caring person, which presents a threat to self-integrity. To resolve this conflict, people might downplay others' pain. Studies show that self-affirmation intervenes in this process, thereby increasing willingness to help (Studies 1-4)...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161934/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-behavior-among-men-who-experience-sexual-violence
#9
Martina Delle Donne, Joseph DeLuca, Pavel Pleskach, Christopher Bromson, Marcus P Mosley, Edward T Perez, Shibin G Mathews, Rob Stephenson, Victoria Frye
Research on sexual violence and related support services access has mainly focused on female victims; there is still a remarkable lack of research on men who experience sexual violence. Research demonstrates that people who both self-identify as men and are members of sexual-orientation minority populations are at higher risk of sexual violence. They are also less likely to either report or seek support services related to such experiences. The present study is an exploratory one aimed at filling the gap in the literature and better understanding how men, both straight and gay as well as cisgender and transgender, conceptualize, understand, and seek help related to sexual violence...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161282/altruistic-behavior-in-cohesive-social-groups-the-role-of-target-identifiability
#10
Ilana Ritov, Tehila Kogut
People's tendency to be more generous toward identifiable victims than toward unidentifiable or statistical victims is known as the Identifiable Victim Effect. Recent research has called the generality of this effect into question, showing that in cross-national contexts, identifiability mostly affects willingness to help victims of one's own "in-group." Furthermore, in inter-group conflict situations, identifiability increased generosity toward a member of the adversary group, but decreased generosity toward a member of one's own group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161158/drug-use-and-incarceration-among-rural-appalachian-women-findings-from-a-jail-sample
#11
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Carrie Oser, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine drug use and incarceration history among rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This study involved random selection, screening, and interviews with rural women from local jails in Appalachia. RESULTS: Of the women randomly selected and screened, 97% met criteria for substance use intervention. Significant factors associated with incarceration history included age, education, custody status, and mental health...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161151/an-index-of-decline-or-recovery-following-nonimpact-and-impact-mtbi
#12
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson
This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161114/suicide-and-high-altitude-an-integrative-review
#13
Elaine Reno, Talia L Brown, Marian E Betz, Michael H Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, Benjamin Honigman
Reno, Elaine, Talia L. Brown, Marian E. Betz, Michael H. Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, and Benjamin Honigman. Suicide and high altitude: an integrative review. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates are greater at high altitudes, and multiple mechanisms have been suggested for this relationship, including hypoxia, differences in population density, characteristics of suicide victims, and firearms ownership and access. To better understand these potential mechanisms, studies evaluating the associations between high altitude and suicide were examined...
November 21, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160943/a-meta-analysis-of-the-differential-relations-of-traditional-and-cyber-victimization-with-internalizing-problems
#14
Gianluca Gini, Noel A Card, Tiziana Pozzoli
This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = .43). They both have medium-to-large bivariate correlations with internalizing problems. Traditional victimization (sr = .22) and cyber-victimization (sr = .12) were also uniquely related to internalizing problems...
November 21, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158227/physical-and-sexual-dating-violence-and-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#15
Heather B Clayton, Richard Lowry, Kathleen C Basile, Zewditu Demissie, Michele K Bohm
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the associations between nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and dating violence victimization (DVV) among high school students and how associations vary by sex. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9 to 12. The sample was restricted to students who dated during the 12 months before the survey, resulting in a sample of 5136 boys and 5307 girls...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157324/individual-differences-in-anxiety-trajectories-from-grades-2-to-8-impact-of-the-middle-school-transition
#16
Stefanie A Nelemans, William W Hale, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the impact of the middle school transition on general anxiety trajectories from middle childhood to middle adolescence, as well as how youths' individual vulnerability and exposure to contextual stressors were associated with anxiety trajectories. Participants were 631 youth (47% boys, M age = 7.96 years at Time 1), followed for 7 successive years from second to eighth grade. Teachers reported on youths' individual vulnerability to anxiety (anxious solitude) in second grade; youth reported on their anxiety in second to eighth grade and aspects of their social contexts particularly relevant to the school transition (school hassles, peer victimization, parent-child relationship quality, and friendship quality) in sixth to eighth grade...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155270/efficient-hemorrhage-control-skills-training-for-healthcare-employees
#17
Richard A Sidwell, Sarah K Spilman, Richard S Huntsman, Carlos A Pelaez
BACKGROUND: Several national initiatives are aimed at training citizens to assist bleeding victims. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effort to quickly and efficiently teach basic bleeding control techniques to a clinical and nonclinical workforce. STUDY DESIGN: The research study was conducted at four hospitals in a mid-sized metropolitan area. In spring 2017, the trauma department at a Level 1 trauma center set an ambitious goal to provide hands-on training to 1000 employees over the course of 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154610/identity-concealment-in-transgender-adults-a-qualitative-assessment-of-minority-stress-and-gender-affirmation
#18
Brian A Rood, Meredith R Maroney, Jae A Puckett, Ariel K Berman, Sari L Reisner, David W Pantalone
Minority individuals might conceal their identity in social contexts in an effort to avoid stigma and victimization. Unfortunately, identity concealment is thought to impact psychological distress in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. Thus, through 30 in-depth interviews, we sought to understand if and how identity concealment was experienced by TGNC individuals. Findings indicated that (a) TGNC identity concealment is a source of stress, (b) individuals might conceal their TGNC identity based on social context, (c) concealment of assigned sex and gender history can function to affirm one's true gender identity, and (d) concealment of gender history is a rejection of one's assigned sex...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154604/traditional-and-cyber-victimization-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#19
Jessica L Fales, Sean Rice, Rachel V Aaron, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has revealed a link between peer victimization and somatic complaints in healthy youth; however, the peer victimization experiences of youth with clinically significant chronic pain have not been examined. This study aims to determine rates of peer victimization among youth seeking treatment for chronic pain and to compare these rates to a community control group. Relationships between peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and functional disability are also examined...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154596/the-moderating-role-of-trauma-type-on-the-relationship-between-event-centrality-of-the-traumatic-experience-and-mental-health-outcomes
#20
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Schwartz, Amanda J Hasselle
OBJECTIVE: Event centrality, or the extent to which traumatic events are perceived to be integral to one's life, has been found to be predictive of trauma-related symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Less research has been devoted to whether event centrality is related to adaptive outcomes, such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) and resiliency, and psychological well-being (PWB) has not been investigated. Given the unique circumstances of different types of traumas, the relationship between event centrality and posttrauma functioning may differ by the type of trauma experienced...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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