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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651196/dancing-to-death-a-case-of-heat-stroke
#1
K Nadesan, Chandra Kumari, Mohd Afiq
Heat stroke is a medical emergency which may lead to mortality unless diagnosed early and treated effectively. Heat stroke may manifest rapidly, hence making it difficult to differentiate it from other clinical causes in a collapsed victim.(1) We are presenting a case report of twelve patients who were admitted to our emergency department from a music festival held on 13-15th of March 2014. They developed complications arising from a combination of severe adverse weather condition, prolonged outdoor physical exertion due to long hours of dancing and drug-use, resulting in heat stroke...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651103/does-cortisol-moderate-the-environmental-association-between-peer-victimization-and-depression-symptoms-a-genetically-informed-twin-study
#2
Mara Brendgen, Isabelle Ouellet-Morin, Sonia Lupien, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
Many youths who are victimized by peers suffer from depression symptoms. However, not all bullying victims show depression symptoms and individuals' biological sensitivity may play an important moderating role in this regard. In line with this notion, peer victimization has been associated with increased depressive symptoms in youth with higher basal cortisol secretion. It is unclear, however, whether this moderating effect of cortisol really concerns the environmental effect of peer victimization on depression...
June 19, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650713/occupational-chemical-exposures-a-collaboration-between-the-georgia-poison-center-and-the-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#3
Aaron W Tustin, Alison Jones, Gaylord P Lopez, Glenn R Ketcham, Michael J Hodgson
CONTEXT: In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650226/correlates-of-hiv-risks-among-women-on-probation-and-parole
#4
Malitta Engstrom, Katherine M Winham, Seana Golder, George Higgins, Tanya Renn, T K Logan
This article examines HIV risks among a sample of 406 women on probation and parole with lifetime histories of victimization who were recruited from an urban community in the southern U.S. Guided by the Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm, we analyze the significance of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social support in relationship to three sexual risks and one drug use risk using multivariable regression. Findings indicate that substance use is a significant correlate of nearly all HIV risks examined, including lifetime sexual partners and sexual partners during the past 12 months...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650186/incremental-prediction-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-examination-of-three-risk-measures
#5
Mark E Olver, Sandy Jung
Improvements in the risk prediction of domestic violence against intimate partners have the potential to inform policing practices in the prevention of further victimization. The present study examined the incremental predictive validity of 3 measures of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV)-Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA), Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA), and the Family Violence Investigative Report (FVIR)-for IPV, general violence, and general recidivism outcomes. The sample featured 289 men and women who were reported to police for IPV and followed up approximately 3 years post release...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650185/sexual-misconduct-in-prison-what-factors-affect-whether-incarcerated-women-will-report-abuses-committed-by-prison-staff
#6
Sheryl P Kubiak, Hannah J Brenner, Deborah Bybee, Rebecca Campbell, Cristy E Cummings, Kathleen M Darcy, Gina Fedock, Rachael Goodman-Williams
More than 80,000 prisoners each year are sexually victimized during incarceration, but only about 8% report victimization to correctional authorities. Complicating reporting is the fact that half of the perpetrators are staff members. Given the restrictive and highly regulated prison environment, studies that examine reporting behaviors are difficult to conduct and to date information available relied on those who have reported or hypothetical victimization studies. This study uses an ecological framework and archival data from a class action lawsuit of sexual misconduct to determine predictors of reporting...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649297/a-scoping-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-assistance-programmes-within-health-care-settings
#7
Sheila Sprague, Taryn Scott, Alisha Garibaldi, Sofia Bzovsky, Gerard P Slobogean, Paula McKay, Hayley Spurr, Erika Arseneau, Muzammil Memon, Mohit Bhandari, Aparna Swaminathan
Background: The lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) for women presenting to health care settings is estimated to be 38-59%. With the goal of providing help to victims of abuse, numerous IPV assistance programmes have been developed and evaluated across multiple health care settings. Objective: Our scoping review provides an overview of this literature to identify key areas for potential evidence-based recommendations and to focus research priorities. Methods: We conducted a search of MEDLINE, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and psycINFO...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648260/broadening-the-perspective-on-gun-violence-an-examination-of-the-firearms-industry-1990-2015
#8
Victoria M Smith, Michael Siegel, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
INTRODUCTION: Firearm violence injures or kills 100,000 Americans each year. This paper applies the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment model to this issue. Research on firearm violence tends to focus on two elements-the host (i.e., victims of firearm violence) and the environment (i.e., gun policies)-but little attention has been paid to the agent (the gun and ammunition) or the vector (firearm manufacturers, dealers, and the industry lobby). METHODS: Using Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives data, trends in firearm manufacturing were investigated from 1990 to 2015...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647952/children-with-short-stature-and-growth-failure-heightism-gender-and-racial-disparities
#9
Terri H Lipman, Ian J McCurry
Growth is the single most important indication of the health of a child. Identification of growth disorders in all children is crucial as growth failure can be the first sign of a number of acute and chronic conditions. However, gender and racial biases have resulted in inequities in the identification, referral and treatment of children with growth disorders. In addition, short children have been impacted by a number of psychosocial issues. Heightism is prejudice or discrimination against individuals based on height, and refers to discrimination against individuals whose height is not within the normal acceptable range...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#10
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644722/the-effects-of-polyvictimization-and-quality-of-caregiver-attachment-on-disclosure-of-illegal-sexual-behavior
#11
Megan E Harrelson, Apryl A Alexander, Hugo B Morais, Barry R Burkhart
The current study examined the relationship among self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors and two conceptually relevant constructs in psychotherapy: childhood polyvictimization (i.e., cumulative types of victimization experienced during childhood) and caregiver attachment. Participants consisted of 63 adolescent males participating in mandated treatment for illegal sexual behavior. Childhood polyvictimization and caregiver attachment were expected to predict self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors. Quality of caregiver attachment was also expected to mediate the relationship between polyvictimization and disclosure...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643546/sexual-abuse-within-employment-settings-a-comparison-of-work-related-intra-and-extra-familial-child-molesters
#12
Diana M Falkenbach, Antonia Foehse, Elizabeth Jeglic, Cynthia Calkins, Linsey Raymaekers
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem not only in the community but also in institutional settings such as youth-serving organizations, churches, and schools. Although research has started to examine the problem of abuse in institutional settings, there remains a dearth of information about the nature and context of CSA in different employment settings, including those that do not specifically cater to children. In addition, research on the similarities and differences between perpetrators who work with children and other sex offenders is scarce...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643322/difficulties-in-funding-of-va-ecmo-therapy-for-patients-with-severe-accidental-hypothermia
#13
Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Anna Jarosz, Aleksandra Czerw, Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Krzysztof Kusza, Łukasz J Krzych, Rafał Drwiła
BACKGROUND: Severe accidental hypothermia is defined as a core temperature below 28 Celsius degrees. Within the last years, the issue of accidental hypothermia and accompanying cardiac arrest has been broadly discussed and European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines underline the importance of Extracorporeal Rewarming (ECR) in treatment of severely hypothermic victims. The study aimed to evaluate the actual costs of ECR with VA-ECMO and of further management in the Intensive Care Unit of patients admitted to the Severe Accidental Hypothermia Centre in Cracow, Poland...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641135/variation-in-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-by-dutch-child-healthcare-professionals
#14
Simeon J A Visscher, Henk F van Stel
Child maltreatment (CM) is a common condition with a large impact on the victim and society. In the Netherlands, the preventive child healthcare (CHC) aims to protect children against such threats. However, several studies indicate that the efficacy in this area may be suboptimal for many CHC professionals. Therefore, this study aims to map the practice variation in the primary and secondary prevention of CM, by CHC physicians and nurses. This mixed-methods study used interviews to identify relevant topics and develop an online questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640686/prevalence-of-financial-fraud-and-scams-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640057/online-resources-for-victims-of-sexual-violence
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#17
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#18
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638237/friendships-lost-the-social-consequences-of-violent-victimization
#19
Lacey N Wallace, Kim S Ménard
Few studies have examined the impact of violent victimization on friendship networks. This study used two waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine the effects of violent victimization on number peer- and self-reported friendships. Guided by stigma theory (Goffman, 1963), fixed-effect regression models controlling for depression, delinquency, substance use, and school engagement were completed to predict changes in number of friends following victimization...
2017: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638007/-re-operations-in-patients-with-heart-wounds
#20
Yu A Radchenko, M M Abakumov, E S Vladimirova, A N Pogodina, O V Nikitina
AIM: To define the risk factors of complications which are followed by re-operations in patients with cardiac and pericardial wounds and to prevent these complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective and prospective analysis of 1072 victims with cardiac and pericardial injuries for 35 years was performed. Overall mortality was 17.2%. 98 patients died during surgery. Postoperative bleeding was observed in 38 (3.9%) cases. RESULTS: In 28 cases re-operations were performed for bleeding-related complications...
2017: Khirurgiia
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