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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445878/differential-allelic-expression-of-htr1b-in-suicide-victims-genetic-and-epigenetic-effect-of-the-cis-acting-variants
#1
Ali Bani-Fatemi, Aaron Howe, Clement Zai, James L Kennedy, John Vincent, John Strauss, Albert Wong, Vincenzo De Luca
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we tested the allelic imbalance of the C861G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of HTR1B in the frontal cortex of suicide victims. METHODS: The study was conducted using 3 sets of samples. First, C861G allele-specific mRNA levels in the frontal cortex were compared between suicide (n = 13) and nonsuicide controls (n = 13) from the Stanley Medical Research postmortem brain collection. Second, we tested common variants in the HTR1B promoter for linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the C861G variant in an unrelated sample of suicide attempters (SA; n = 38) and non-SA (NSA; n = 42)...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445361/adolescent-desire-for-cosmetic-surgery-associations-with-bullying-and-psychological-functioning
#2
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying may be a key driver of interest in cosmetic surgery. This study examined the extent of such interest and whether any effect was sex-specific, and examined psychological functioning as a potential mechanism through which bullying involvement may lead to a wish for cosmetic surgery. METHODS: A two-stage design was used. In the first stage, 2782 adolescents (aged 11 to 16 years) were screened for bullying involvement using self-reports and peer nominations...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444618/rna-dna-co-analysis-on-aged-bloodstains-from-adhesive-tapes-used-for-gunshot-residue-collection-from-hands
#3
Melanie Grabmüller, Christian Schyma, Burkhard Madea, Tim Eichhorst, Cornelius Courts
In cases of firearm related fatalities a systematic investigation at the scene of death is indispensable to differentiate between self-inflicted and homicidal gunshot injuries. A common method to preserve gunshot residues (GSR) is their collection using adhesive tapes. However, the biological material gathered at the same time by the tapes would be of special interest if backspatter, ejected from the entrance wound against the direction of fire, could be detected. In the present study we examined the success rate of co-analysis of RNA and DNA recovered from biological traces sampled with adhesive tapes...
April 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444481/peer-victimization-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-depressed-adolescents
#4
Jeremy G Stewart, Linda Valeri, Erika C Esposito, Randy P Auerbach
Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth worldwide, and depressed adolescents are at a significantly elevated risk to report suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts. Peer victimization is a robust predictor of adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but little research has focused on why bullying leads to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. To address this empirical gap, we recruited 340 (246 female) depressed adolescents ages 13-19 (M = 15.59, SD = 1.41) within 48 h of admission for acute psychiatric treatment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444440/paradoxical-undressing-associated-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-a-non-hypothermia-case
#5
Emilienne Descloux, Kewin Ducrot, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Alexander Lobrinus, Cristian Palmiere
Paradoxical undressing is a phenomenon characterizing some fatal hypothermia cases. The victims, despite low environmental temperatures, paradoxically remove their clothes due to a sudden feeling of warmth. In this report, we describe a case of suspected paradoxical undressing in a non-hypothermia case. The victim, a 51-year-old Caucasian man, was found dead wearing only sneakers and socks. All other clothing was found in his car. Postmortem investigations allowed the hypothesis of hypothermia to be ruled out and revealed the presence of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm that caused a subarachnoid hemorrhage, the latter responsible for the death...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444077/chronic-critical-illness-are-we-saving-patients-or-creating-victims
#6
Sergio Henrique Loss, Diego Silva Leite Nunes, Oellen Stuani Franzosi, Gabriela Soranço Salazar, Cassiano Teixeira, Silvia Regina Rios Vieira
The technological advancements that allow support for organ dysfunction have led to an increase in survival rates for the most critically ill patients. Some of these patients survive the initial acute critical condition but continue to suffer from organ dysfunction and remain in an inflammatory state for long periods of time. This group of critically ill patients has been described since the 1980s and has had different diagnostic criteria over the years. These patients are known to have lengthy hospital stays, undergo significant alterations in muscle and bone metabolism, show immunodeficiency, consume substantial health resources, have reduced functional and cognitive capacity after discharge, create a sizable workload for caregivers, and present high long-term mortality rates...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444056/care-for-young-victims-of-assault-in-public-emergency-services-in-2011-sex-differences
#7
Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Leila Posenato Garcia
This article aims to describe the characteristics of assaults among youth victims of violence treated in Public Emergency Departments, according to sex. This is a descriptive study using data from the Brazilian Violence and Accidents Surveillance System based on a multicenter survey conducted by the Ministry of Health in 71 public emergency departments, located in 24 state capitals and the Federal District in 2011. Male subjects predominated among the victims (75.1%) and also among aggressors (83.1% and 69...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444055/prospects-of-studies-on-violence-adolescence-and-cortisol-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Leonardo Planel Lugarinho, Joviana Quintes Avanci, Liana Wernersbach Pinto
Violence has a negative impact on adolescents and affects their quality of life. It causes stress and requires the victim's adaptive capacity, which can cause psychological and biological changes. Hormone cortisol levels have been used as stress biomarker in several studies. This paper aims to perform a systematic literature review of publications on cortisol and violence involving teenagers from 2000 to 2013. Descriptors "cortisol", "violence" and "adolescent" were used in both English and Portuguese in this review, which included bibliographic databases PubMed/Medline, Lilacs, BVS and SciELO...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443568/the-compartment-syndrome-associated-with-deep-vein-thrombosis-due-to-rattlesnake-bite-a-case-report
#9
Radu Ciprian Tincu, Zoie Ghiorghiu, Dana Tomescu, Radu Alexandru Macovei
BACKGROUND: Snakebite is a health issue specific to some parts of the world, especially in the tropical area, where it produces many victims. The main clinical damage caused by snake bite involves hemotoxic, neurotoxic and myotoxic reactions. It is also established that the importance of systemic impairment varies according to individual factors and are related to organ dysfunction, shock or hypotension. We report the case of a young woman suffering from snakebite who developed deep vein thrombosis and compartment syndrome...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441437/quantitative-modeling-of-responses-to-chronic-ionizing-radiation-exposure-using-targeted-and-non-targeted-effects
#10
Igor Shuryak
The biological effects of chronic ionizing radiation exposure can be difficult to study, but important to understand in order to protect the health of occupationally-exposed persons and victims of radiological accidents or malicious events. They include targeted effects (TE) caused by ionizations within/close to nuclear DNA, and non-targeted effects (NTE) caused by damage to other cell structures and/or activation of stress-signaling pathways in distant cells. Data on radiation damage in animal populations exposed over multiple generations to wide ranges of dose rates after the Chernobyl nuclear-power-plant accident are very useful for enhancing our understanding of these processes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441103/perceptions-of-abusive-parenting-behaviors-a-preliminary-exploration-into-the-underrecognition-of-mother-daughter-sexual-abuse
#11
Christine J Hatchard, Jamie L Goodwin, Eryn Siddall, Lauren Muniz
The current study examined the influence of the sex of the parent and the sex of the child on perceptions of sexually abusive behaviors. Vignettes illustrating different forms of sexual abuse were rated by 124 participants, with the different parent-child pairs (mother-daughter, mother-son, father-daughter, father-son) substituted into the vignettes being the only difference between groups. Two-way between subjects ANOVAs revealed that sexually abusive behaviors by mothers were perceived as less damaging to child victims (F (1, 120 = 7...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441096/judicial-decision-making-and-juvenile-offenders-effects-of-medical-evidence-and-victim-age
#12
John Michael Falligant, Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander
A growing body of evidence suggests that jurors place greater weight on DNA or other types of forensic evidence than non-forensic evidence (Cole & Dioso-Villa, 2009). For cases involving child sexual abuse, certain types of evidence, including forensic medical evidence, may be viewed as more important or indicative of abuse than other types of evidence, such as victim statements or disclosure. The present study evaluated perceptions of juvenile offenders and victim credibility across four vignettes that systematically manipulated variables related to victim age and physical indicators of abuse...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439741/effect-of-victimization-on-impulse-control-and-binge-drinking-among-serious-juvenile-offenders-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#13
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Benjamin L Berey, Gabriel J Merrin, Joseph R Cimpian, Brent W Roberts
A vast literature has found longitudinal effects of early life stress on substance use and self-regulatory processes. These associations may vary by period-specific development among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The current study used an accelerated longitudinal design and auto-regressive latent trajectory with structure residuals (ALT-SR) model to examine the within-person cross-lagged associations between binge drinking, impulse control, and victimization from 15 to 25 years of age. A large sample (N = 1100) of justice-involved youth were followed longitudinally for 7 years (M age baseline  = 15...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439613/the-role-of-delayed-head-ct-in-evaluation-of-elderly-blunt-head-trauma-victims-taking-antithrombotic-therapy
#14
D Scantling, C Fischer, R Gruner, A Teichman, B McCracken, J Eakins
INTRODUCTION: Increasing active longevity has created an increasing surge of elderly trauma patients. The majority of these patients suffer blunt trauma and many are taking antithrombotic agents. The literature is mixed regarding the utility of routine repeat head CT in patients taking antithrombotic medications with a GCS of 15 and initial negative head CT. We hypothesized that scheduled delayed CT head 12 h after admission (D-CTH) in elderly blunt trauma victims would not identify clinically significant new hemorrhages or change management...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#15
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438987/major-trauma-from-suspected-child-abuse-a-profile-of-the-patient-pathway
#16
Ffion C Davies, Fiona E Lecky, Ross Fisher, Marisol Fragoso-Iiguez, Tim J Coats
BACKGROUND: Networked organised systems of care for patients with major trauma now exist in many countries, designed around the needs of the majority of patients (90% adults). Non-accidental injury is a significant cause of paediatric major trauma and has a different injury and age profile from accidental injury (AI). This paper compares the prehospital and inhospital phases of the patient pathway for children with suspected abuse, with those accidentally injured. METHODS: The paediatric database of the national trauma registry of England and Wales, Trauma Audit and Research Network, was interrogated from April 2012 (the launch of the major trauma networks) to June 2015, comparing the patient pathway for cases of suspected child abuse (SCA) with AI...
April 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438249/the-acceptance-of-dating-violence-scale-adv-psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version
#17
Liria Fernández-González, Esther Calvete, Izaskun Orue
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Acceptance of Dating Violence (ADV) scale, which assesses attitudes that justify the use of aggression in adolescents’ dating relationships. METHOD: A total of 1,579 high school students (49% girls) from Bizkaia (Spain), aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 15.79, SD = 1.16), completed this questionnaire along with the Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents and the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438245/bullying-and-the-detrimental-role-of-un-forgiveness-in-adolescents-wellbeing
#18
Barbara Barcaccia, Barry Howard Schneider, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that victimisation by bullies is linked with psychopathology. Research has also demonstrated that forgiveness is associated with the mental health of victims of bullying. METHOD: Our objective was to explore the multiple components of forgiveness (i.e., benevolence, decreased avoidance of the perpetrator and diminished desire for revenge) as mediators of the negative mental health effects of bullying in Italian adolescents. Our hypothesis was that those who forgive their bullies would show lower levels of depression, state anger, and behaviour problems than those who did not forgive...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438241/alcohol-and-psychotropic-substance-use-in-female-spanish-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#19
María Crespo, Carmen Soberón, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, M M Gómez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Studies show high use of alcohol among American women who are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), but not in Spanish victims. This study examines hazardous drinking, use of psychotropic substances, and the relationship with psychopathological symptoms in Spanish women who are victims of IPV. METHOD: 50 battered women and 50 control women from general population were assessed. RESULTS: Hazardous drinking in women victims of IPV (18...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438222/hypothermia-in-trauma-victims-at-first-arrival-of-ambulance-personnel-an-observational-study-with-assessment-of-risk-factors
#20
Frédéric Lapostolle, James Couvreur, François Xavier Koch, Dominique Savary, Armelle Alhéritière, Michel Galinski, Jean-Luc Sebbah, Karim Tazarourte, Frédéric Adnet
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is common in trauma victims and is associated with increased mortality, however its causes are little known. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with hypothermia in prehospital management of trauma victims. METHODS: This was an ancillary analysis of data recorded in the HypoTraum study, a prospective multicenter study conducted by the emergency medical services (EMS) of 8 hospitals in France. Inclusion criteria were: trauma victim, age over 18 years, and victim receiving prehospital care from an EMS team and transported to hospital by the EMS team in a medically equipped mobile intensive care unit...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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