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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#1
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918226/chronic-central-oxytocin-infusion-impairs-sociability-in-mandarin-voles
#2
Peirong Du, Zhixiong He, Zhenlu Cai, Xin Hao, Na Dong, Wei Yuan, Wenjuan Hou, Jinfeng Yang, Rui Jia, Faodao Tai
Oxytocin (OT) has been reported to increase social contact, however some studies have related OT to reduced social contact, particularly with unfamiliar individuals. The underlying mechanisms of OT on social contact remain unclear. In this study, male mandarin vole (Microtus mandarinus), a socially monogamous rodent, was used as an animal model in which osmotic minipumps were used to intracerebroventricularly administer two continuous dosages of OT or saline for 12 consecutive days. We examined the effect of long-term OT treatment on social behavior, anxiety levels, and levels of oxytocin, vasopressin (AVP) and dopamine (DA) receptors, mRNA expression in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and medial amygdala (MeA)...
September 13, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#3
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917189/protective-factors-promoting-resilience-in-the-relation-between-child-sexual-victimization-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#4
Alba Pérez-González, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda, Adolfo Jarne
Sexual victimization has been one of the most frequently studied forms of child victimization. Its effects are common and diverse; however, not all children and youth exposed to sexual victimization eventually develop adjustment problems. A total of 1105 children and youth (590 male and 515 female) aged between 12 and 17 from northeastern Spain were assessed regarding their experiences of sexual victimization, symptoms of psychopathology, and protective factors. The results showed that all forms of sexual victimization were associated with higher levels of emotional and behavioral problems...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917129/residential-road-traffic-noise-and-general-mental-health-in-youth-the-role-of-noise-annoyance-neighborhood-restorative-quality-physical-activity-and-social-cohesion-as-potential-mediators
#5
Angel Dzhambov, Boris Tilov, Iana Markevych, Donka Dimitrova
Given the ubiquitous nature of both noise pollution and mental disorders, their alleged association has not escaped the spotlight of public health research. The effect of traffic noise on mental health is probably mediated by other factors, which have not been elucidated sufficiently. Herein, we aimed to disentangle the pathways linking road traffic noise to general mental health in Bulgarian youth, with a focus on several candidate mediators - noise annoyance, perceived restorative quality of the living environment, physical activity, and neighborhood social cohesion...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917111/-11-c-pf-3274167-as-a-pet-radiotracer-of-oxytocin-receptors-radiosynthesis-and-evaluation-in-rat-brain
#6
Benjamin Vidal, Iuliia A Karpenko, François Liger, Sylvain Fieux, Caroline Bouillot, Thierry Billard, Marcel Hibert, Luc Zimmer
INTRODUCTION: Oxytocin plays a major role in the regulation of social interactions in mammals by interacting with the oxytocin receptor (OTR) expressed in the brain. Furthermore, the oxytocin system appears as a possible therapeutic target in autism spectrum disorders and other psychiatric troubles, justifying current pharmacological researches. Since no specific PET radioligand is currently available to image OTR in the brain, the aim of this study was to radiolabel the specific OTR antagonist PF-3274167 and to evaluate [(11)C]PF-3274167 as a potential PET tracer for OTR in rat brains...
August 2, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916786/early-maternal-mirroring-predicts-infant-motor-system-activation-during-facial-expression-observation
#7
Holly Rayson, James John Bonaiuto, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Lynne Murray
Processing facial expressions is an essential component of social interaction, especially for preverbal infants. In human adults and monkeys, this process involves the motor system, with a neural matching mechanism believed to couple self- and other-generated facial gestures. Here, we used electroencephalography to demonstrate recruitment of the human motor system during observation and execution of facial expressions in nine-month-old infants, implicating this system in facial expression processing from a very young age...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916631/experience-during-early-adulthood-shapes-the-learning-capacities-and-the-number-of-synaptic-boutons-in-the-mushroom-bodies-of-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#8
Amélie Cabirol, Rufus Brooks, Claudia Groh, Andrew B Barron, Jean-Marc Devaud
The honey bee mushroom bodies (MBs) are brain centers required for specific learning tasks. Here, we show that environmental conditions experienced as young adults affect the maturation of MB neuropil and performance in a MB-dependent learning task. Specifically, olfactory reversal learning was selectively impaired following early exposure to an impoverished environment lacking some of the sensory and social interactions present in the hive. In parallel, the overall number of synaptic boutons increased within the MB olfactory neuropil, whose volume remained unaffected...
October 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916502/sociability-trait-and-regional-cerebral-oxidative-metabolism-in-rats-predominantly-nonlinear-relations
#9
Margus Kanarik, Jaanus Harro
Deficits in social behaviour are common in psychopathological conditions e.g., depression, autism and schizophrenia. In rats, sociability, defined as the engagement of an animal in non-aggressive social contact with a conspecific in a neutral arena, is as a persistent trait. To elucidate the neuroanatomy of social behaviour in animal models, long term neuronal energy metabolism was studied in rats preselected for sociability levels. Rats were divided into groups with high, medium and low sociability levels (HS, MS and LS) according to the average score of three social interaction tests, and cerebral long-term energy metabolism was assayed with cytochrome oxidase histochemistry...
September 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916452/symbolic-dynamics-of-animal-interaction
#10
Maurizio Porfiri, Manuel Ruiz Marín
Since its introduction nearly two decades ago, transfer entropy has contributed to an improved understanding of cause-and-effect relationships in coupled dynamical systems from raw time series. In the context of animal behavior, transfer entropy might help explain the determinants of leadership in social groups and elucidate escape response to predator attacks. Despite its promise, the potential of transfer entropy in animal behavior is yet to be fully tested, and a number of technical challenges in information theory and statistics remain open...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915988/learning-to-be-gendered-gender-socialization-in-early-adolescence-among-urban-poor-in-delhi-india-and-shanghai-china
#11
Sharmistha Basu, Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou, Rajib Acharya, Rebecka Lundgren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to understand the gender socialization process in early adolescence. METHODS: The study was located in two disadvantaged urban communities in Delhi, India and Shanghai, China and was part of the multicountry (15) Global Early Adolescent Study. Qualitative methodologies were used with boys and girls aged 11-13 years, including 16 group-based timeline exercises and 65 narrative interviews. In addition, 58 parents of participating adolescents were interviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915890/barriers-and-enablers-for-the-development-and-implementation-of-allied-health-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-study
#12
J M Dizon, K Grimmer, Q Louw, S Machingaidze, H Parker, H Pillen
BACKGROUND: The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is one way to make efficient and effective use of resources. Although CPGs are common for AH in high-income countries, there is limited understanding of how to do this in low- to middle-income countries. This paper describes barriers and enablers for AH CPG uptake in South African PHC...
September 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915838/gout-and-comorbidity-a-nominal-group-study-of-people-with-gout
#13
Jasvinder A Singh
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are common in patients with gout, yet qualitative research is lacking. The study objective was to examine the impact of gout on comorbidities. METHODS: Nine nominal groups were conducted. Patients with gout discussed and rank-ordered their concerns in response to the question, "How does gout or its treatment affect your other conditions and their treatment?" RESULTS: Nine nominal groups had 45 gout patients, with mean age 61 years (standard deviation (SD) 10...
September 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915809/-maybe-we-should-talk-about-it-anyway-a-qualitative-study-of-understanding-expectations-and-use-of-an-established-technology-innovation-in-caring-practices
#14
Randi Stokke
BACKGROUND: Technological innovations are strongly promoted to meet the demands posed by increased pressure on home care services and to assist ageing in place in western societies. Although heavily advocated as plug and play solutions, technologies have proven difficult and unpredictable when integrated into home care services. We need greater insight into what happens when technologies are integrated into caring practices. All technologies come with expectations as to their function...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915382/oxytocin-modulates-human-communication-by-enhancing-cognitive-exploration
#15
Miriam de Boer, Idil Kokal, Mark Blokpoel, Rui Liu, Arjen Stolk, Karin Roelofs, Iris van Rooij, Ivan Toni
Oxytocin is a neuropeptide known to influence how humans share material resources. Here we explore whether oxytocin influences how we share knowledge. We focus on two distinguishing features of human communication, namely the ability to select communicative signals that disambiguate the many-to-many mappings that exist between a signal's form and meaning, and adjustments of those signals to the presumed cognitive characteristics of the addressee ("audience design"). Fifty-five males participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled experiment involving the intranasal administration of oxytocin...
September 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915112/raising-awareness-on-cyber-safety-adolescents-experience-of-a-primary-healthcare-professional-led-school-based-multi-center-intervention
#16
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Evangelos Drosos, Anastasios Drontsos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose Although safe Internet use is an emerging public health issue, there is a scarcity of published work describing relevant school-based interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of a health professional-led, school-based intervention in raising awareness on cyber-safety in adolescents, Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' evaluation of this school-based intervention, 6 months after its implementation, as well as the impact of adolescents' school class and gender on their evaluation...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914977/autism-theory-of-mind-and-the-reactive-attitudes
#17
Kenneth A Richman, Raya Bidshahri
Whether to treat autism as exculpatory in any given circumstance appears to be influenced both by models of autism and by theories of moral responsibility. This article looks at one particular combination of theories: autism as theory of mind challenges and moral responsibility as requiring appropriate experience of the reactive attitudes. In pursuing this particular combination of ideas, we do not intend to endorse them. Our goal is, instead, to explore the implications of this combination of especially prominent ideas about autism and about moral responsibility...
September 15, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914554/when-cooperation-goes-wrong-brain-and-behavioral-correlates-of-ineffective-joint-strategies-in-dyads
#18
Michela Balconi, Laura Gatti, Maria Elide Vanutelli
Human life is connoted by sophisticated interactions that involve not only single individuals, but larger social groups composed by members interacting each other. Cooperation secures a benefit to all the people engaged as well as important behaviors like helping, sharing, and acting prosocially. But what happens when the joint actions are not effective? In the present study we asked 24 participants paired in 12 dyads to cooperate during an attentional task in a way to synchronize their responses and obtain better outcomes...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914155/psychological-foundations-of-xenophilia-understanding-and-measuring-the-motivational-functions-of-exploratory-cross-cultural-contact
#19
Stefan Stürmer, Alison E F Benbow
Two multipart studies (total N = 1,638) were conducted to introduce and test a functional perspective on exploratory cross-cultural contact. Studies 1a and 1b addressed the lack of standardized measures and developed a psychometrically valid inventory of six individual motivational functions: knowledge and understanding, value expression, professional advancement, social development, personal-, and group-image concerns. Studies 2a and 2b produced experimental evidence that different environments offer differing "fulfillment opportunities" such that the motivating potential of a distinct contact function results from a function by environment fit...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913979/physical-pain-increases-interpersonal-trust-in-females
#20
C Wang, J Gao, Y Ma, C Zhu, X-W Dong
BACKGROUND: People behave and interact with others differently when experiencing physical pain. Pain has dramatic effects on one's emotional responses, cognitive functions and social interaction. However, little has been known about whether and how physical pain influences interpersonal trust in social interaction. In the present study, we examined the influence of physical pain on trusting behaviour. METHODS: A total of 112 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to physical pain condition (induced by Capsaicin) and control condition (with hand cream), respectively...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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