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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786581/development-of-informational-communicative-system-created-to-improve-medical-help-for-family-medicine-doctors
#1
Vladyslav A Smiianov, Natalia O Dryha, Olha I Smiianova, Victor K Obodyak, Tatyana O Zudina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today mobile health`s protection service has no concrete meaning. As an research object it was called mHealth and named by Global observatory of electronic health`s protection as "Doctor and social health practice that can be supported by any mobile units (mobile phones or smartphones), units for patient`s health control, personal computers and other units of non-wired communication". An active usage of SMS in programs for patients` cure regimen keeping was quiet predictable...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785748/the-relation-of-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-to-later-shyness-moderation-by-neighborhood-quality
#2
Hui Zhang, Tracy L Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Linlin Zhang
The purpose of the study was to predict young children's shyness from both internal/biological (i.e., resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia; RSA) and external (i.e., neighborhood quality) factors. Participants were 180 children at 42 (Time 1; T1), 72 (T2), and 84 (T3) months of age. RSA data were obtained at T1 during a neutral film in the laboratory. Mothers reported perceived neighborhood quality at T2 and children's dispositional shyness at T1 and T3. Path analyses indicated that resting RSA interacted with neighborhood quality to predict T3 shyness, even after controlling for earlier family income and T1 shyness...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785724/social-transmission-of-false-memory-in-small-groups-and-large-networks
#3
Raeya Maswood, Suparna Rajaram
Sharing information and memories is a key feature of social interactions, making social contexts important for developing and transmitting accurate memories and also false memories. False memory transmission can have wide-ranging effects, including shaping personal memories of individuals as well as collective memories of a network of people. This paper reviews a collection of key findings and explanations in cognitive research on the transmission of false memories in small groups. It also reviews the emerging experimental work on larger networks and collective false memories...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785627/chemical-communication-and-reproduction-partitioning-in-social-wasps
#4
REVIEW
Francesca Romana Dani, Stefano Turillazzi
Social wasps encompass species displaying diverse social organization regarding colony cycle, nest foundation, caste differences (from none to significant dimorphism) and number of reproductive queens. Current phylogenetic data suggests that sociality occured independently in the subfamily Stenogastrinae and in the Polistinae+Vespinae clade. In most species, including those with the simplest social organization, colony reproduction is monopolised by a single or few females. Since their nest mates can also develop ovaries and lay eggs, dominant females must somehow inhibit them from reproducing...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785319/a-multi-faceted-pandemic-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge-on-the-zika-virus
#5
REVIEW
Anneliese Depoux, Aline Philibert, Serge Rabier, Henri-Jean Philippe, Arnaud Fontanet, Antoine Flahault
While until recently the small and isolated Zika outbreaks in Eastern Asia and Pacific islands had been overlooked, the large-scale outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 and the increase of microcephaly cases in the same place and time made media headlines. Considered as harmless until recently, Zika has given rise to an important global crisis that poses not only health challenges but also environmental, economical, social, and ethical challenges for states and people around the world. The main objective of this paper is to review the recent Zika outbreak by covering a broad range of disciplines and their interactions...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785065/relation-between-coping-and-posttrauma-cognitions-on-ptsd-in-a-combat-trauma-population
#6
Christina M Sheerin, Nadia Chowdhury, Mackenzie J Lind, Erin D Kurtz, Lance M Rappaport, Erin C Berenz, Ruth C Brown, Treven Pickett, Scott D McDonald, Carla Kmett Danielson, Ananda B Amstadter
Individual differences in cognitive processes and coping behaviors play a role in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Given the large numbers of combat-exposed service members returning from the Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) conflicts, exploring individual differences in cognitive-affective processes is important for informing our understanding of PTSD etiology and early intervention in military samples. The present study examined the unique main and interactive effects of negative posttrauma cognitions (i...
2018: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784572/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-results-from-the-global-in-focus-study
#7
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of lipoprotein lipase leading to extreme hypertriglyceridemia. Patients' burden of illness and quality of life have been poorly addressed in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To understand the ways in which FCS impacts patients' lives. METHODS: Investigation of Findings and Observations Captured in Burden of Illness Survey (IN-FOCUS) was a global web-based survey open to patients with FCS...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784084/perception-of-social-interaction-compresses-subjective-duration-in-an-oxytocin-dependent-manner
#8
Rui Liu, Xiangyong Yuan, Kepu Chen, Yi Jiang, Wen Zhou
Communication through body gestures permeates our daily life. Efficient perception of the message therein reflects one's social cognitive competency. Here we report that such competency is manifested temporally as shortened subjective duration of social interactions: motion sequences showing agents acting communicatively are perceived to be significantly shorter in duration as compared with those acting noncommunicatively. The strength of this effect is negatively correlated with one's autistic-like tendency...
May 22, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782585/exploring-transformations-in-caribbean-indigenous-social-networks-through-visibility-studies-the-case-of-late-pre-colonial-landscapes-in-east-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#9
Tom Brughmans, Maaike S de Waal, Corinne L Hofman, Ulrik Brandes
This paper presents a study of the visual properties of natural and Amerindian cultural landscapes in late pre-colonial East-Guadeloupe and of how these visual properties affected social interactions. Through a review of descriptive and formal visibility studies in Caribbean archaeology, it reveals that the ability of visual properties to affect past human behaviour is frequently evoked but the more complex of these hypotheses are rarely studied formally. To explore such complex hypotheses, the current study applies a range of techniques: total viewsheds, cumulative viewsheds, visual neighbourhood configurations and visibility networks...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782576/self-represented-witnessing-the-use-of-social-media-by-asylum-seekers-in-australia-s-offshore-immigration-detention-centres
#10
Maria Rae, Rosa Holman, Amy Nethery
The act of witnessing connects audiences with distant suffering. But what happens when bearing witness becomes severely restricted? External parties, including the mainstream news media, are constrained from accessing Australia's offshore immigration detention centres. The effect is that people seeking asylum are hidden from the public and excluded from national debates. Some detainees have adopted social media as a platform to communicate their stories of flight, and their experiences of immigration detention, to a wider audience...
May 2018: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#11
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781750/the-use-of-technology-to-promote-vaccination-a-social-ecological-model-based-framework
#12
Chelsea A Kolff, Vanessa P Scott, Melissa S Stockwell
Vaccinations are an important and effective cornerstone of preventive medical care. Growing technologic capabilities and use by both patients and providers present critical opportunities to leverage these tools to improve vaccination rates and public health. We propose the Social Ecological Model as a useful theoretical framework to identify areas in which technology has been or may be leveraged to target undervaccination across the individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, and society levels and the ways in which these levels interact...
May 21, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781664/the-online-social-support-scale-measure-development-and-validation
#13
Elizabeth A Nick, David A Cole, Sun-Joo Cho, Darcy K Smith, T Grace Carter, Rachel L Zelkowitz
A new measure, the Online Social Support Scale, was developed based on previous theory, research, and measurement of in-person social support. It includes four subscales: Esteem/Emotional Support, Social Companionship, Informational Support, and Instrumental Support. In college and community samples, factor analytic and item response theory results suggest that subtypes of in-person social support also pertain in the online world. Evidence of reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity provide excellent psychometric support for the measure...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781521/working-with-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-and-sensitive-discipline-vipp-sd-a-case-study
#14
Femmie Juffer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD), based on attachment theory and social learning theory, is an intervention aimed at enhancing sensitivity and firm limit setting in parents, and reducing behavior problems in children. The VIPP-SD program has been tested in populations of vulnerable children and parents at risk in twelve randomized controlled trials, and shows significant effects on both positive parenting and child outcomes. Here, we present a case study of an adoptive mother and her two-and-a-half-year-old adopted daughter...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781173/discourse-and-cognition-in-speakers-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hill, Mary Claessen, Anne Whitworth, Mark Boyes, Roslyn Ward
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, particularly of executive functioning, has been implicated in deficits in spoken discourse production following acquired brain injury (ABI). However, due to variation in the methodologies and heterogeneity of findings across studies, the nature and extent of this association is not well understood. AIMS: This review aims to synthesize the literature investigating associations between cognitive deficits and discourse impairment after ABI...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780763/-lancerhealth-using-twitter-and-instagram-as-a-tool-in-a-campus-wide-health-promotion-initiative
#16
Sara Santarossa, Sarah J Woodruff
The present study aimed to explore using popular technology that people already have/use as a health promotion tool, in a campus wide social media health promotion initiative, entitled #LancerHealth . During a two-week period the university community was asked to share photos on Twitter and Instagram of What does being healthy on campus look like to you ?, while tagging the image with #LancerHealth . All publically tagged media was collected using the Netlytic software and analysed. Text analysis (N=234 records, Twitter; N=141 records, Instagram) revealed that the majority of the conversation was positive and focused on health and the university...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780694/towards-a-new-way-of-interacting-pondering-the-role-of-an-interpersonal-ethos
#17
François Levrau
Both multiculturalism and interculturalism strive for the creation of a well-ordered society in which the integration of all citizens is realized. This shared ambition, however, can only be realized if the quality of the social relationships is deeply considered. By proposing the concept of 'interpersonal ethos' it is explained why and how the way ordinary people socially interact across ethnocultural and religious diversity shapes the stability, success and fairness of a super diverse society.
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780172/a-spatially-integrated-framework-for-assessing-socioecological-drivers-of-carnivore-decline
#18
Nicolás Gálvez, Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita, Freya A V St John, Elke Schüttler, David W Macdonald, Zoe G Davies
Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation are key threats to the long-term persistence of carnivores, which are also susceptible to direct persecution by people. Integrating natural and social science methods to examine how habitat configuration/quality and human-predator relations may interact in space and time to effect carnivore populations within human-dominated landscapes will help prioritise conservation investment and action effectively.We propose a socioecological modelling framework to evaluate drivers of carnivore decline in landscapes where predators and people coexist...
May 2018: Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779855/transportability-of-imagery-enhanced-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#19
Peter M McEvoy, David M Erceg-Hurn, Kevin C Barber, Jessica R Dupasquier, David A Moscovitch
Pilot and open trials suggest that imagery-enhanced group cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is highly effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, before being considered reliable and generalisable, the effects of the intervention need to be replicated by clinicians in a setting that is independent of the protocol developers. The current study compared outcomes from clients with a principal diagnosis of SAD at the Australian clinic where the protocol was developed (n = 123) to those from an independent Canadian clinic (n = 46) to investigate whether the large effects would generalise...
May 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779740/the-influence-of-sensorimotor-experience-on-the-aesthetic-evaluation-of-dance-across-the-life-span
#20
Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Understanding how action perception, embodiment, and emotion interact is essential for advancing knowledge about how we perceive and interact with each other in a social world. One tool that has proved particularly useful in the past decade for exploring the relationship between perception, action, and affect is dance. Dance is, in its essence, a rich and multisensory art form that can be used to help answer not only basic questions about social cognition but also questions concerning how aging shapes the relationship between action perception, and the role played by affect, emotion, and aesthetics in social perception...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
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