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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923146/behaviors-associated-with-negative-affect-in-the-friendships-of-children-with-adhd-an-exploratory-study
#1
Sébastien Normand, James Ambrosoli, Joanna Guiet, Marie Michèle Soucisse, Barry H Schneider, Marie-France Maisonneuve, Matthew D Lee, Fulvio Tassi
Our objective was to identify behaviors and contextual situations associated with negative affect observed in the interactions of children with and without ADHD and their real-life friends. We expected negative affect to be linked to rule violations and disagreements about the choice of games. Loss of game was associated with episodes of negative affect in a structured game. Negative appraisal of friend's ability was most frequently associated with negative affect during unstructured free play. Comparison children expressed greater frustration regarding their own abilities, whereas children with ADHD commented more frequently about the inabilities of their friends...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898358/the-roles-of-testosterone-and-cortisol-in-friendship-formation
#2
Sarah Ketay, Keith M Welker, Richard B Slatcher
Although research has investigated the neuroendocrine correlates of romantic relationships, the neuroendocrine correlates of friendship formation are largely unexplored. In two conditions, participants' salivary testosterone and cortisol were measured before and after a high versus low closeness activity with another same-sex participant. In the high closeness task, participants took turns answering questions that fostered increases in self-disclosure. The low closeness task fostered low levels of self-disclosure...
November 18, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893748/communication-with-family-and-friends-across-the-life-course
#3
Tamas David-Barrett, Janos Kertesz, Anna Rotkirch, Asim Ghosh, Kunal Bhattacharya, Daniel Monsivais, Kimmo Kaski
Each stage of the human life course is characterised by a distinctive pattern of social relations. We study how the intensity and importance of the closest social contacts vary across the life course, using a large database of mobile communication from a European country. We first determine the most likely social relationship type from these mobile phone records by relating the age and gender of the caller and recipient to the frequency, length, and direction of calls. We then show how communication patterns between parents and children, romantic partner, and friends vary across the six main stages of the adult family life course...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890520/is-friendship-limited-an-inquiry-into-dunbar-s-number
#5
EDITORIAL
Larry Dossey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886731/social-capital-friendship-networks-and-youth-unemployment
#6
Martin Hällsten, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
Youth unemployment is a contemporary social problem in many societies. Youths often have limited access to information about jobs and limited social influence, yet little is known about the relationship between social capital and unemployment risk among youth. We study the effect of social capital on unemployment risk in a sample of 19 year olds of Swedish, Iranian, and Yugoslavian origin living in Sweden (N = 1590). We distinguish between two dimensions of social capital: occupational contact networks and friendship networks...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886727/you-can-t-always-get-what-you-want-network-determinants-of-relationship-inactualization-in-adolescence
#7
Rachel L Behler
Despite widespread interest in the link between social and sexual networks, little research has focused on how social networks influence the progression of intimate relationships (e.g., from holding hands to sexual intercourse). I argue that social networks not only affect individuals' opportunities to meet romantic partners, but also shape the ideal and actual progressions of intimate acts within their relationships. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I conduct an optimal matching analysis of adolescents' purported ideal versus actual relationship sequences, which are comprised of romantic and sexual events...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886726/what-fosters-concern-for-inequality-among-american-adolescents
#8
Erin A Cech
Understanding cultural beliefs about social and economic inequality is vital to discerning the roadblocks and pathways to addressing that inequality. The foundation of concern for inequality is laid during adolescence, yet scholars understand little about the factors that influence whether and how adolescents come to express such concern. Arguing that structural and cultural contexts are just as consequential as whether adolescents themselves are members of disadvantaged groups, I draw on four theoretical perspectives to identify factors that influence adolescents' concern for addressing inequality: the underdog thesis, intergroup contact theory, the education enlightens thesis, and ideological buttressing...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885159/friendship-trust-and-psychological-well-being-from-late-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#9
Alexander Miething, Ylva B Almquist, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren, Mikael Rostila
AIMS: This study explored the sex-specific associations between friendship trust and the psychological well-being of young Swedes from late adolescence to early adulthood. METHODS: A random sample of native Swedes born in 1990 was surveyed at age 19 years and again at age 23 years regarding their own well-being and their relationships with a maximum of five self-named peers. The response rate was 31.3%, resulting in 782 cases to be analysed. We used sex-stratified structural equation models to explore the associations between trust and well-being...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884400/stephen-jay-gould-and-the-value-neutrality-of-science-during-the-late-cold-war
#10
Myrna Sheldon
Stephen Jay Gould was a paleontologist and scientific celebrity at the close of the twentieth century, most famous for his popular writings on evolution and his role in the American creationist controversies of that era. In the early 1980s, Gould was drawn into the "nuclear winter" episode through his friendship with Carl Sagan, an astronomer and popular science celebrity. Sagan helped develop the theory of nuclear winter and subsequently used the theory as evidence to petition the United States government to scale back its nuclear armament...
November 21, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882858/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-and-peer-influences-with-physical-activity-during-adolescence-findings-from-the-compass-study
#11
E Y Lau, G Faulkner, W Qian, S T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: To examine temporal variations in parental and peer influences on adolescent physical activity (PA) and whether these variations predicted changes in PA. METHODS: We analyzed data from Years 1, 2 and 3 of the COMPASS study. Participants were 22 909 students in Grades 9 to 12 (mean age [years] = 15.42 ± 1.12, 46% boys, 85% White), who had completed the following survey items on 2 or more consecutive occasions: age, sex, grade, race/ethnicity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), parental encouragement and parental instrumental support for PA, and number of active peers...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875546/evaluation-of-control-strategies-for-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-prrs-in-swine-breeding-herds-using-a-discrete-event-agent-based-model
#12
Andréia Gonçalves Arruda, Robert Friendship, Jane Carpenter, Amy Greer, Zvonimir Poljak
The objective of this study was to develop a discrete event agent-based stochastic model to explore the likelihood of the occurrence of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) outbreaks in swine herds with different PRRS control measures in place. The control measures evaluated included vaccination with a modified-live attenuated vaccine and live-virus inoculation of gilts, and both were compared to a baseline scenario where no control measures were in place. A typical North American 1,000-sow farrow-to-wean swine herd was used as a model, with production and disease parameters estimated from the literature and expert opinion...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873536/discomfort-and-avoidance-of-touch-new-insights-on-the-emotional-deficits-of-social-anxiety
#13
Todd B Kashdan, James Doorley, Melissa C Stiksma, Matthew J Hertenstein
Physical touch is central to the emotional intimacy that separates romantic relationships from other social contexts. In this study of 256 adults (128 heterosexual couples, mean relationship length = 20.5 months), we examined whether individual differences in social anxiety influenced comfort with and avoidance of physical touch. Because of prior work on sex difference in touch use, touch comfort, and social anxiety symptoms and impairment, we explored sex-specific findings. We found evidence that women with greater social anxiety were less comfortable with touch and more avoidant of touch in same-sex friendships...
November 22, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871641/longitudinal-course-of-bipolar-disorder-in-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Xenia Borue, Carla Mazefsky, Brian T Rooks, Michael Strober, Martin B Keller, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Neal Ryan, Fangzi Liao, Jeffrey I Hunt, Daniel P Dickstein, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first longitudinal characterization of mood and psychosocial functioning in youth with comorbid bipolar (BD) and autism spectrum (ASD) disorders. METHOD: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study followed 368 youth (aged 7-17 years) with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I), BP-II, or Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) for, on average, 9 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. This subgroup analysis compared youth with and without ASD on clinical presentation, percentage of time with mood symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870862/problematic-peer-functioning-in-girls-with-adhd-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Francien M Kok, Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience many peer interaction problems and are at risk of peer rejection and victimisation. Although many studies have investigated problematic peer functioning in children with ADHD, this research has predominantly focused on boys and studies investigating girls are scant. Those studies that did examine girls, often used a male comparison sample, disregarding the inherent gender differences between girls and boys...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867518/analyzing-heterogeneity-in-the-effects-of-physical-activity-in-children-on-social-network-structure-and-peer-selection-dynamics
#16
Teague Henry, Sabina B Gesell, Edward H Ip
BACKGROUND: Social networks influence children and adolescents' physical activity. The focus of this paper is to examine the differences in the effects of physical activity on friendship selection, with eye to the implications on physical activity interventions for young children. Network interventions to increase physical activity are warranted but have not been conducted. Prior to implementing a network intervention in the field, it is important to understand potential heterogeneities in the effects that activity level have on network structure...
September 2016: Network Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866352/friendship-satisfaction-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-nominated-friends
#17
Neysa Petrina, Mark Carter, Jennifer Stephenson, Naomi Sweller
The current study examined the level of friendship satisfaction of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their nominated friends (with and without diagnosis of ASD). A total of 77 target children with ASD and friends from 49 nominated friendships participated in the study. Relatively high levels of friendship satisfaction were reported by both target children and their nominated friends with no overall difference between dyads involving typically developing friends and friends with ASD. Analysis at the individual dyad level showed a high level of agreement on the reported level of satisfaction across the target participants and their friends...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866351/social-referencing-gaze-behavior-during-a-videogame-task-eye-tracking-evidence-from-children-with-and-without-asd
#18
Erinn H Finke, Krista M Wilkinson, Benjamin D Hickerson
The purpose of this study was to understand the social referencing behaviors of children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) while visually attending to a videogame stimulus depicting both the face of the videogame player and the videogame play action. Videogames appear to offer a uniquely well-suited environment for the emergence of friendships, but it is not known if children with and without ASD attend to and play videogames similarly. Eyetracking technology was used to investigate visual attention of participants matched based on chronological age...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863928/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-lego-%C3%A2-therapy-for-improving-inclusion-and-social-skills-among-children-and-youth-with-autism
#19
REVIEW
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell, Celia Cassiani
BACKGROUND: LEGO(®) therapy uses children's natural interest in play to help motivate behavioural change and may be an effective teaching tool to increase social competency and communication skills. Although the literature is growing it has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the role of LEGO(®) therapy on social skills and inclusion among children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, involving comprehensive searches of international databases...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861755/longitudinal-changes-in-social-brain-development-processing-outcomes-for-friend-and-self
#20
Barbara R Braams, Eveline A Crone
Adolescence is an important time for social development during which friendships become more intimate and complex. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we tested how outcomes for friends are processed on the neural level across adolescence. Participants between 8 and 27 years of age were tested twice with a 2-year difference between the first (N = 299) and second (N = 254) time points. Participants performed a task in which they could win and lose money for themselves and their best friend...
November 11, 2016: Child Development
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