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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449135/friendship-and-depression-among-couples-in-later-life-the-moderating-effects-of-marital-quality
#1
Sae Hwang Han, Kyungmin Kim, Jeffrey A Burr
Objectives: The aims of the study were to examine within-person associations between social interactions with friends (one's own and partner's) and depressive symptoms over time among couples in later life and to investigate whether marital quality moderated the associations. Methods: We used longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (2004-2012) to examine a sample of coupled individuals (dyad N = 6,833). Dyadic growth curve models were employed to test the study hypotheses...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440764/endocrinologist-and-oncologist-a-friendship-under-construction-about-obesity
#2
Alberto Goday Arnó, Pedro Pérez Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439525/most-likely-to-succeed-long-run-returns-to-adolescent-popularity
#3
Ying Shi, James Moody
Sociological explanations for economic success tend toward measures of embeddedness in longstanding social institutions, such as race and gender, or personal skills represented mainly by educational attainment. In this paper we seek a distinctively social foundation for success by investigating the long-term association between high school popularity and income. Using rich longitudinal data, we find a clear and persistent association between the number of friendship nominations received and adult income, even after accounting for the mediating influences of diverse personal, family, and work characteristics...
February 2017: Social Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#4
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418718/socially-interactive-and-passive-technologies-enhance-friendship-quality-an-investigation-of-the-mediating-roles-of-online-and-offline-self-disclosure
#5
Malinda Desjarlais, Jessica J Joseph
Previous studies indicate that characteristics of social-based technologies (STs) stimulate the sharing of intimate information online, which in turn enhances the quality of friendships. In addition, intimate online self-disclosure has been positively associated with offline self-disclosure. One objective of the current study was to combine the literature and test a model which postulates that STs use stimulates online self-disclosure which facilitates offline self-disclosure and, thereby, enhances the quality of close friendships...
April 18, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414628/fried-green-tomatoes-and-the-color-purple-a-case-study-in-lesbian-friendship-and-cultural-controversy
#6
Kristen Proehl
Published in the 1980s, Fannie Flagg's Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Café and Alice Walker's The Color Purple are lesbian coming-of-age narratives that share a great deal in common in terms of their thematic content, publication histories, and cultural afterlives. In both novels, female friendships are shaped by patriarchal violence and develop in the context of the rural, segregated, early twentieth-century U.S. South. But the two novels also diverge in significant ways, as differences in race, gender, class, and sexuality shape their protagonists' experiences of love and friendship...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408892/conceptualizing-the-dynamics-between-bicultural-identification-and-personal-social-networks
#7
Lydia Repke, Verónica Benet-Martínez
An adequate understanding of the acculturation processes affecting immigrants and their descendants involves ascertaining the dynamic interplay between the way these individuals manage their multiple (and sometimes conflictual) cultural value systems and identifications and possible changes in their social networks. To fill this gap, the present research examines how key acculturation variables (e.g., strength of ethnic/host cultural identifications, bicultural identity integration or BII) relate to the composition and structure of bicultural individuals' personal social networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408789/social-victimization-trajectories-from-middle-childhood-through-late-adolescence
#8
Lisa H Rosen, Kurt J Beron, Marion K Underwood
Social victimization refers to being targeted by behaviors intended to harm one's social status or relationships (Underwood, 2003), including malicious gossip, friendship manipulation, and social exclusion (both verbal and non-verbal). The current study examined social victimization experiences longitudinally from middle childhood through late adolescence. Participants (N = 273, 139 females) reported on their social victimization experiences in grades 4-11 (ages 9 to 16 years). Using mixture (group-based) modeling, four social victimization trajectories were identified: low, medium decreasing, medium increasing, and elevated...
May 2017: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399952/reducing-the-treatment-gap-for-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-in-africa-lessons-from-the-friendship-bench-in-zimbabwe
#9
D Chibanda
Mental, neurological and substance use disorders (MNS) are a leading cause of disability in Africa. In response to the large treatment gap for MNS, a growing body of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is emerging from Africa; however, there is a dearth of knowledge on how to scale up EBT. The Friendship Bench intervention is a brief psychological treatment delivered through the primary health care system in Zimbabwe by trained lay health workers. It has contributed significantly towards narrowing the treatment gap for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe where it has been scaled up to over 70 primary health care facilities...
April 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398140/ambivalently-post-lesbian-lbq-friendships-in-the-rural-midwest
#10
Clare Forstie
Using data from friendship interviews with lesbian, bisexual, and queer women in a small Midwestern city, I argue that non-urban communities might be characterized as ambivalently post-lesbian, as participants explain that shared identities "don't matter" in their friendships, while continuing to insist on the relevance of lesbian identity in their community. This research highlights three sets of concerns about lesbian communities, identities, and friendships. First, given the theoretical purchase of the concept of "post-gay" communities, there is a parallel need to develop the concept of "post-lesbian" as uniquely ambivalent and distinct from post-gay discourses, as the case of LBQ friendship demonstrates...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397612/adolescent-friendships-predict-later-resilient-functioning-across-psychosocial-domains-in-a-healthy-community-cohort
#11
A-L van Harmelen, R A Kievit, K Ioannidis, S Neufeld, P B Jones, E Bullmore, R Dolan, P Fonagy, I Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a key time period for the emergence of psychosocial and mental health difficulties. To promote adolescent adaptive ('resilient') psychosocial functioning (PSF), appropriate conceptualisation and quantification of such functioning and its predictors is a crucial first step. Here, we quantify resilient functioning as the degree to which an individual functions better or worse than expected given their self-reported childhood family experiences, and relate this to adolescent family and friendship support...
April 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395419/-individual-difference-of-coronal-bowing-of-femur-and-its-influence-on-the-lower-limbs-alignment-after-the-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
W Wu, W S Guo, L M Cheng, Z H Liu, Q D Zhang, N F Zhang
Objective: To disclose the correlation between the femur bowing angle(FBA) and vulgas correction angle(VCA), anlysys its influence on the total knee arthroplasty and the lower limbs alignment. Methods: From Janurary 2013 to December 2015, 699 patients who had received total knee arthroplasty(TKA)were collected in the Department of Joint Surgery, China-Japan Friendship. The FBA, VCA, offset of the proximal femur, the lengh of the femur, the neck shaft angle of the femur of the eligible cases from the long leg X-ray were measured...
April 4, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394146/solace-in-solidarity-disability-friendship-networks-buffer-well-being
#13
Arielle M Silverman, Ivan R Molton, Amanda E Smith, Mark P Jensen, Geoffrey L Cohen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To determine whether having friends who share one's disability experiences is associated with higher well-being, and whether these friendships buffer well-being from disability-related stressors. Research Method/Design: In 2 cross-sectional studies, adults with long-term physical disabilities identified close friends who shared their diagnosis. We assessed well-being as a function of the number of friends that participants identified in each group. Study 1 included 71 adults with legal blindness living in the United States, while Study 2 included 1,453 adults in the United States with either muscular dystrophy (MD), multiple sclerosis (MS), post-polio syndrome (PPS), or spinal cord injury (SCI)...
April 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394144/first-selection-then-influence-developmental-differences-in-friendship-dynamics-regarding-academic-achievement
#14
Mariola Claudia Gremmen, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Christian Steglich, René Veenstra
This study concerns peer selection and influence dynamics in early adolescents' friendships regarding academic achievement. Using longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), both selection and influence processes were investigated for students' average grades and their cluster-specific grades (i.e., language, exact, and social cluster). Data were derived from the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study, using 6 waves (N = 601; Mage = 12.66, 48.9% boys at first wave). Results showed developmental differences between the first and second year of secondary school (seventh and eighth grade)...
April 10, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391490/party-pooper-or-life-of-the-party-dampening-and-enhancing-of-positive-affect-in-a-peer-context
#15
Margot Bastin, Sabine Nelis, Filip Raes, Michael W Vasey, Patricia Bijttebier
Dampening and enhancing responses to positive affect have been linked to depressive symptoms. The main aim of the present study was to examine such responses in an interpersonal peer context and to examine their relation with depressive symptoms. A community sample of 665 seventh-graders (52.0% girls, Mage = 12.7 years) took part in the study. Using a newly developed questionnaire, the Co-Dampening and Co-Enhancing Questionnaire (CoDEQ), a two-factor model distinguishing co-dampening and co-enhancing was validated...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391452/brief-report-does-gender-matter-in-intervention-for-asd-examining-the-impact-of-the-peers-%C3%A2-social-skills-intervention-on-social-behavior-among-females-with-asd
#16
Alana J McVey, Hillary Schiltz, Angela Haendel, Bridget K Dolan, Kirsten S Willar, Sheryl Pleiss, Jeffrey S Karst, Audrey M Carson, Christina Caiozzo, Elisabeth Vogt, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
A paucity of research has been conducted to examine the effect of social skills intervention on females with ASD. Females with ASD may have more difficulty developing meaningful friendships than males, as the social climate can be more complex (Archer, Coyne, Personality and Social Psychology Review 9(3):212-230, 2005). This study examined whether treatment response among females differed from males. One hundred and seventy-seven adolescents and young adults with ASD (N = 177) participated in this study...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389681/-adna-research-from-a%C3%A2-historical-perspective
#17
Elsbeth Bösl
aDNA studies are a cooperative field of research with a broad range of applications including evolutionary biology, genetics, anthropology and archaeology. Scientists are using ancient molecules as source material for historical questions. Colleagues from the humanities are observing this with both interest and concern because aDNA research is affecting academic identities and both concepts of history and historiography. aDNA research developed in a way that can be described as a Hype Cycle (Chackie Fenn)...
April 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388661/types-of-social-participation-and-psychological-distress-in-japanese-older-adults-a-five-year-cohort-study
#18
Shiho Amagasa, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Koichiro Oka, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Shigeru Inoue
INTRODUCTION: The most effective type of social participation against psychological distress in older adults is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine whether different types of social participation are associated with changes in psychological distress level in older men and women in Japan. METHODS: Two thousand seven hundred community-dwelling older adults (aged 65-74 years, 50% women) were randomly selected from the resident registry of three cities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386441/link-prediction-in-multiplex-online-social-networks
#19
Mahdi Jalili, Yasin Orouskhani, Milad Asgari, Nazanin Alipourfard, Matjaž Perc
Online social networks play a major role in modern societies, and they have shaped the way social relationships evolve. Link prediction in social networks has many potential applications such as recommending new items to users, friendship suggestion and discovering spurious connections. Many real social networks evolve the connections in multiple layers (e.g. multiple social networking platforms). In this article, we study the link prediction problem in multiplex networks. As an example, we consider a multiplex network of Twitter (as a microblogging service) and Foursquare (as a location-based social network)...
February 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380616/does-duration-of-teat-use-in-first-parity-affect-milk-yield-and-mammary-gene-expression-in-second-parity
#20
C Farmer, M Amezcua, R Bruckmaier, O Wellnitz, R Friendship
It was recently shown that a teat that is not used in the first lactation will have a reduced development and milk yield in the second lactation. In the current study, the impact of imposing a suckling period of 2, 7, or 21 d during the first lactation on piglet performance, milk composition, endocrine status, and mammary gene expression of sows in their second lactation was studied. Pregnant Yorkshire gilts were divided into 3 groups according to lactation length: 1) 2-d lactation (2D; = 20), 2) 7-d lactation (7D; = 20), and 3) 21-d lactation (21D; = 21)...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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