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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937910/loneliness-and-social-internet-use-pathways-to-reconnection-in-a-digital-world
#1
Rebecca Nowland, Elizabeth A Necka, John T Cacioppo
With the rise of online social networking, social relationships are increasingly developed and maintained in a digital domain. Drawing conclusions about the impact of the digital world on loneliness is difficult because there are contradictory findings, and cross-sectional studies dominate the literature, making causation difficult to establish. In this review, we present our theoretical model and propose that there is a bidirectional and dynamic relationship between loneliness and social Internet use. When the Internet is used as a way station on the route to enhancing existing relationships and forging new social connections, it is a useful tool for reducing loneliness...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936942/-conversation-in-case-of-dementia-stay-connected-the-importance-of-family-and-social-ties-for-people-with-dementia
#2
L van Dalen
In case of severe illnesses such as dementia it is important to keep inquiring how the person concerned and his or her social network view and experience the illness. For conditions that cannot be cured, family and social ties have proven to be the most important factors in experiencing quality of life. In case of dementia, people can be distressed when they feel excluded from such conversations. Family members are often only approached in their roles as informal caregivers or representatives. However, by also discussing other roles in relationships, families and friendships and by alternating in these conversations between the positions of so-called expert and advisor, doctors can contribute to preventing connections from breaking off prematurely...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931434/long-term-outcome-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-case-study-in-a-southern-italian-region
#3
Francesca Felicia Operto, Federica Martino, Annalisa Rinaldi, Angelo Cerracchio, Giovanni Salvati, Mariano Orza, Claudia Lembo, Gianvito Panzarino, Claudia Di Paolantonio, Alberto Verrotti, Giovanni Farello, Giangennaro Coppola
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by impaired social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviours, as well as associated features including intellectual disability and impaired sensorimotor function. Despite a growing interest in this devastating disorder for families and young parents, there are no certainties as regards its aetiology, although a significant genetic background is considered to be important. Since there is little information about the social adaptation and quality of life of patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder, we decided to study and evaluate the long-term outcome and quality of life in a sample of children, adolescent and young adults...
September 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929965/-a-negleted-bacteria-with-a-case-bartonella-henselae
#4
Kamuran Türker, Bekir Çelebi, Şeyda Andaç, Pınar Bulut, Şenay Yalçın, Saniye Dolhan
Bartonella henselae the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is a gram-negative, coccobacillus, facultative intracellular bacterium CSD usually presents as a clinical form of benign local lymphadenopathy (LAP) but sometimes it may progress to severe life threatening complications. Despite the fact that CSD is known to be a common disease, which is one of the important causes of local LAPs in the world, there are few publications in our country. For the diagnosis, the clinician should suspect for CSD and has to ask to the patient whether there is a story of cat scratch or not...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921997/simulating-drinking-in-social-networks-to-inform-alcohol-prevention-and-treatment-efforts
#5
Kevin A Hallgren, Barbara S McCrady, Thomas P Caudell, Katie Witkiewitz, J Scott Tonigan
Adolescent drinking influences, and is influenced by, peer alcohol use. Several efficacious adolescent alcohol interventions include elements aimed at reducing susceptibility to peer influence. Modeling these interventions within dynamically changing social networks may improve our understanding of how such interventions work and for whom they work best. We used stochastic actor-based models to simulate longitudinal drinking and friendship formation within social networks using parameters obtained from a meta-analysis of real-world 10th grade adolescent social networks...
September 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921995/the-angel-and-the-devil-on-your-shoulder-friends-mitigate-and-exacerbate-21st-birthday-alcohol-related-consequences
#6
Jennifer Fillo, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Amber M Anthenien, Clayton Neighbors, Christine M Lee
Twenty-first birthdays are associated with heavier drinking and more negative consequences than any other high-risk drinking event. Friends are the strongest social influence on young adult drinking; however, previous research on college students' drinking has often only examined individuals' perceptions of "friends" generally. Unfortunately, this may obscure the positive influence of some friends and the negative influence of others. Using data drawn from a larger intervention study aimed at reducing 21st birthday drinking, this research examined how specific friends (N = 166) who were present at 21st birthday celebrations may have exacerbated or mitigated celebrants' (N = 166) experience of alcohol-related consequences, as well as how characteristics of that friendship moderate these effects...
September 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915990/-a-boy-would-be-friends-with-boys-%C3%A2-and-a-girl-%C3%A2-with-girls-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-friendships-in-egypt-and-belgium
#7
Ghada Al-Attar, Sara De Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Kristien Michielsen, Lydia H Animosa, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: A gender analysis was conducted to illuminate the key elements of friendships highlighted by early adolescent girls and boys in two sites for the purpose of better understanding the impact of gender norms on adolescent friendships in different contexts. METHODS: Narrative interviews with early adolescents were conducted in two sites: Assiut, Egypt (n = 37) and Ghent, Belgium (n = 30). The interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated into English, and coded using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914830/-combined-forecasting-system-of-peritonitis-outcome
#8
N V Lebedev, A E Klimov, S B Agrba, E K Gaidukevich
AIM: To create a reliable system for assessing of severity and prediction of the outcome of peritonitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Critical analysis of the systems for peritonitis severity assessment is presented. The study included outcomes of 347 patients who admitted at the Department of Faculty Surgery of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia in 2015-2016. The cause of peritonitis were destructive forms of acute appendicitis, cholecystitis, perforated gastroduodenal ulcer, various perforation of small and large intestines (including tumor)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914161/a-net-of-friends-investigating-friendship-by-integrating-attachment-theory-and-social-network-analysis
#9
Omri Gillath, Gery C Karantzas, Emre Selcuk
The current article focuses on attachment style-an individual difference widely studied in the field of close relationships-and its application to the study of social networks. Specifically, we investigated whether attachment style predicts perception and management of social networks. In Study 1, we examined the associations of attachment style with perceptions of network tie strength and multiplexity. In Studies 2a and 2b, we investigated the association between attachment style and network management skills (initiating, maintaining, and dissolving ties) and whether network management skills mediated the associations of attachment style with network tie strength and multiplexity...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906172/from-misperception-to-social-connection-correlates-and-consequences-of-overestimating-others-social-connectedness
#10
Ashley V Whillans, Chelsea D Christie, Sarah Cheung, Alexander H Jordan, Frances S Chen
Two studies document the existence and correlates of a widespread social belief, wherein individuals who have recently moved to a new social environment see their peers as more socially connected than they themselves are. In Study 1, the prevalence of this belief was documented in a large sample of first-year students ( N = 1,099). In Study 2, the prevalence of this social belief was replicated in a targeted sample of university students ( N = 389). Study 2 also documented both positive and negative implications of this belief...
September 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905165/interpersonal-relationships-as-protective-and-risk-factors-for-psychopathy-a-follow-up-study-in-adolescent-offenders
#11
Heidi Backman, Taina Laajasalo, Markus Jokela, Eeva T Aronen
Friendships and romantic relationships may function as protective and risk factors for psychopathic traits. To better understand potential causal associations, we investigated whether within-individual changes in relationship characteristics were related to changes in psychopathic traits over time. Data were derived from ten repeated measurements of the Pathways to Desistance longitudinal study of 1354 offending adolescents (14.3% female; 40.1% Black). Analyses were adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, self-reported offending and living facilities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900988/-analysis-of-primary-site-and-pathology-on-903-patients-with-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#12
Xudong Qiu, Meng Liu, Qing Liu, Zhiying Yang, Jixi Liu, Fanqiang Meng, Zaiyong Wang, Yanfen Shi, Liguo Liu, Pan Zhang, Jie Luo, Huangying Tan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the primary site and pathological feature of neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN), especially the NEN of digestive system. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of NEN patients at China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Tumor primary sites were summarized. Association between tumor site and pathological grading in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm(GEP-NEN) was examined. RESULTS: There were a total of 903 cases of NEN...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892142/loneliness-and-friendships-among-eight-year-old-children-time-trends-over-a-24-year-period
#13
Lotta Lempinen, Niina Junttila, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Loneliness in childhood has a wide range of negative consequences for well-being and mental health later in life. This study reports time-trends in children's loneliness and the association between children's loneliness and psychiatric symptoms over a 24-year period. METHODS: Information on 3,749 eight-year-old Finnish-speaking children born in 1981, 1991, 1997, and 2004 was gathered at four time points from the area covered by Turku University Hospital in southwest Finland...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889230/the-relationship-between-social-support-networks-and-depression-in-the-2007-national-survey-of-mental-health-and-well-being
#14
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Mohammad H Afzali, Cath Chapman, Matthew Sunderland, Tim Slade
PURPOSE: Social isolation and low levels of social support are associated with depression. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between depression and social connectivity factors (frequency of contact and quality of social connections) in the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. METHODS: A national survey of 8841 participants aged 16-85 years was conducted. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between social connectivity factors and 12-month prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder in the whole sample, as well as across three age groups: younger adults (16-34 years), middle-aged adults (35-54 years), and older adults (55+ years)...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884948/exploring-research-cultures-through-internationalization-at-home-for-doctoral-students-in-hong-kong-and-sweden
#15
Doris Leung, Elisabeth Carlson, Enid E Y Kwong, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
Cultural skills are fundamental to developing global academic scholars. Internationalization at home can facilitate the acquisition of these skills without students having to go abroad. However, research on the effect of internationalization of higher education is scarce, despite apparent benefits to incorporating cultural sensitivity in research. Further, little is known about the role information and communication technology plays. In this pilot study, we describe the experience of doctoral students with an internationalization-at-home program, and its impact on developing an understanding about different research cultures...
September 8, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881528/-clinical-research-of-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-with-vesselplasty
#16
H Tang, P Jia, H Chen, L Bao, F Feng, J J Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Vesselplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures and vertebral metastases. Methods: From June 2010 to December 2016, data of 81 patients with spinal diseases treated with Vesselplasty in Department of Spinal Surgery, Beijing Friendship hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There are 49 cases of vertebral fractures with age (70.2±8.2) years. Among them, 16 cases have posterior vertebral wall breakage, but no symptoms of nerve injury...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879821/associations-between-perceived-friends-support-of-healthy-eating-and-meal-skipping-in-adolescence
#17
Sharon Rosenrauch, Kylie Ball, Karen E Lamb
OBJECTIVE: Meal skipping is a relatively common behaviour during adolescence. As peer influence increases during adolescence, friendship groups may play a role in determining eating patterns such as meal skipping. The current study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between perceived friends' support of healthy eating and breakfast and lunch skipping among adolescents. DESIGN: Survey of intrapersonal, social and environmental factors that may influence eating patterns at baseline (2004/05) and follow-up (2006/07)...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876525/extracurricular-activities-in-multiethnic-middle-schools-ideal-context-for-positive-intergroup-attitudes
#18
Casey A Knifsend, Jaana Juvonen
This study examined processes by which extracurricular participation is linked with positive ethnic intergroup attitudes in multiethnic middle schools in California. Specifically, the mediating roles of activity-related cross-ethnic friendships and social identities including alliances with multiple groups were examined in a sample including African American or Black, East or South-East Asian, White, and Latino youth (N = 1,446; Mage  = 11.60 in sixth grade). Results of multilevel modeling suggested that in addition to activity-related cross-ethnic friendships, complex social identities mediated the association between availability of cross-ethnic peers in activities and ethnic intergroup attitudes...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869293/living-in-the-city-school-friendships-diversity-and-the-middle-classes
#19
Carol Vincent, Sarah Neal, Humera Iqbal
Much of the literature on the urban middle classes describes processes of both affiliation (often to the localities) and disaffiliation (often from some of the non-middle-class residents). In this paper, we consider this situation from a different position, drawing on research exploring whether and how children and adults living in diverse localities develop friendships with those different to themselves in terms of social class and ethnicity. This paper focuses on the interviews with the ethnically diverse, but predominantly white British, middle-class parent participants, considering their attitudes towards social and cultural difference...
September 4, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867863/does-stimulating-various-coping-strategies-alleviate-loneliness-results-from-an-online-friendship-enrichment-program
#20
Tamara E Bouwman, Marja J Aartsen, Theo G van Tilburg, Nan L Stevens
Loneliness stems from a mismatch between the social relationships one has and those one desires. Loneliness often has severe consequences for individuals and society. Recently, an online adaptation of the friendship enrichment program (FEP) was developed and tested to gain insight in its contribution to the alleviation of loneliness. Three loneliness coping strategies are introduced during the program: network development, adapting relationship standards, and reducing the importance of the discrepancy between actual and desired relationships...
September 2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
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