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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339346/the-caregiver-and-her-friends
#1
Elana Dykewomon
This article is a personal essay about the lesbian friendship networks called upon when a dyke has to take on caregiving responsibilities for her dying mother and, especially, her partner who develops dementia and dies. The primary areas of concern are how friendships form a community's ethical base, the navigation of overlapping friendship networks, the different ways women come through, and the role our institutions play in creating "friendliness." Underpinning these concerns is the way that lesbians create informal groups to investigate, inform, and affirm difficult decisions...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332928/attitudinal-changes-toward-homosexuality-during-the-past-two-decades-1994-2014-in-korea
#2
Gahyun Youn
This study was conducted to examine recent Korean perspectives on homosexuality by comparing attitudes toward mental illness, crime, friendship, and civil rights related to homosexual people in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014. The respondents were 3,299 Korean men and women between 18 and 59 years of age, and the data were collected across five years. The major findings were that there has been greater acceptance of homosexuality and civil rights for homosexuals during the past two decades, but the changes have been slow; Korean homosexuals remain subjects of social stigma and discrimination primarily due to increased Christian activism...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332320/interpersonal-relationships-of-older-adults-with-an-intellectual-disability-in-ireland
#3
Darren McCausland, Philip McCallion, Damien Brennan, Mary McCarron
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability tend to have smaller social networks than other groups, with even those living in community-based residences comparatively worse off. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of data from the Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA) (n = 701) examined measures of interpersonal relationships and interactions. Predictors of family contact and having non-resident friends were also explored...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329871/variations-in-social-network-type-membership-among-older-african-americans-caribbean-blacks-and-non-hispanic-whites
#4
Ann W Nguyen
Objectives: This study examined race differences in the probability of belonging to a specific social network typology of family, friends, and church members. Method: Samples of African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites aged 55+ were drawn from the National Survey of American Life. Typology indicators related to social integration and negative interactions with family, friendship, and church networks were used. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies, and latent class multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the influence of race, and interactions between race and age, and race and education on typology membership...
February 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329822/it-s-all-about-the-relationship-cognitively-intact-mother-daughter-care-dyads-in-hospice-at-home
#5
Diane N Solomon, Lissi Hansen, Judith G Baggs
Purpose of the Study: Adult daughters providing care to aging, ill mothers comprise the most prevalent caregiving dyad. Little is known, however, regarding relationship quality and its impact on care in these dyads, particularly in the context of cognitively intact patients at end of life in hospice. This interpretive descriptive work privileges voices of terminally ill mothers and care-partnering daughters in the home hospice context. Specific aims were to describe and interpret how mothers and daughters: (a) perceive relationship quality and (b) perceive how relationships have developed over time through health, chronic illness, and hospice...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327384/affiliation-affects-generosity-in-young-children-the-roles-of-minimal-group-membership-and-shared-interests
#6
Erin Sparks, Meghan G Schinkel, Chris Moore
Young children's willingness to share with others is selective, and is affected by their level of affiliation with the recipients of their generosity. We explored affiliation's impact on sharing behavior with two experiments comparing the effects of two distinct affiliative cues-minimal group membership and shared interests. Children (4- to 6-year-olds) completed a resource allocation task, making forced-choice decisions as to how to distribute stickers between themselves and others. In Experiment 1, the sharing partners were minimal in- and out-group members; in Experiment 2, they differed in their opinion of the participants' interests...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327246/evolutionary-explanations-for-financial-and-prosocial-biases-beyond-mating-motivation
#7
Anthony C Little
Mating motivation likely plays a role in bias to attractive individuals, but there are other complementary theories drawn from the evolutionary literature related to competition, friendship, and leadership selection that also make relevant predictions concerning biases towards attractive individuals. The relative balance of these factors will be context dependent and so help explain why the pattern of bias is sometimes variable.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324700/attachment-predicts-cortisol-response-and-closeness-in-dyadic-social-interaction
#8
Sarah Ketay, Lindsey A Beck
The present study examined how the interplay of partners' attachment styles influences cortisol response, actual closeness, and desired closeness during friendship initiation. Participants provided salivary cortisol samples at four timepoints throughout either a high or low closeness task that facilitated high or low levels of self-disclosure with a potential friend (i.e., another same-sex participant). Levels of actual closeness and desired closeness following the task were measured via inclusion of other in the self...
March 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322437/ethnic-racial-identity-and-friendships-in-early-adolescence
#9
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, David R Schaefer, Michael Medina
The current study examined how adolescents' ethnic-racial identity (ERI) informed the demographic diversity of their friendship network (Goal 1) and the extent of similarity between adolescents' and their friends' ERI (Goal 2). Participants were sixth and seventh grade students (N = 353; Mage  = 11.88, SD = .73; 50% girls; 29% African American, 31% White, 13% Latino) in the Midwestern U.S. Results from longitudinal cross-lagged models (Goal 1) indicated that having more diverse friendships at T2 was associated with greater T3 ERI exploration among all youth...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321149/family-and-friendship-networks-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-african-americans-and-black-caribbeans
#10
Joseph A Himle, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ann W Nguyen, Monnica T Williams, Karen D Lincoln, Harry Owen Taylor, Linda M Chatters
Although there is a large literature on the influence of social support on mental health there is limited research on social support and OCD. This is especially the case for African Americans and Black Caribbeans. This study examines the relationship between family and friendship networks and the prevalence of OCD. The analysis is based on the National Survey of American Life a nationally representative sample of African Americans and Black Caribbeans. Variables included frequency of contact with family and friends, subjective closeness with family and friends, and negative interactions (conflict, criticisms) with family members...
March 2017: Behavior Therapist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318432/my-femme-friendship
#11
Rachel E Silverman
This autoethnographic study of femme friendship explores the connection and relationship between two femme lesbians-my femme friend Amber and myself. The shared experience of invisibility and the related perils and privileges that come with passing as straight enact a bond unlike any either of us have previously experienced. Meeting within the context of a polyamorous relationship adds a layer of complexity to our friendship that deepens the relationship. The story of our friendship showcases a specific sort of friendship, one grounded in theories of gender performance, sexuality, invisibility, and language...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317200/self-limiting-non-medical-pharmaceutical-opioid-use-among-young-people-in-sydney-australia-an-exploratory-study
#12
George C Dertadian, Thomas C Dixon, Jennifer Iversen, Lisa Maher
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indicators suggest an escalation in opioid use globally, with recent HIV outbreaks linked to non-medical pharmaceutical opioid (NMPO) use. Little is known about how young Australians engage in NMPO use. DESIGN AND METHODS: During 2015, we conducted qualitative interviews with young people (16-29 years) who reported oral NMPO use at least twice in the past 90 days. The study included a sample of injecting (n = 14) and oral (n = 22) users...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316367/is-friendship-network-weight-status-associated-with-one-s-own-psychological-well-being-it-depends-on-one-s-own-weight-status
#13
Paul T Fuglestad, Melanie M Wall, Jin Joo Shim, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Drawing on multiple theoretical perspectives (e.g., social comparison theory, reward theory, evolutionary theory), the present research examined the relations of self and friendship network weight status to body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depression. A diverse, population-based sample of adolescents completed measures of well-being and were measured for height and weight. Boys had greater self-esteem if their male friendship networks' weight status mismatched, versus matched, their own weight status (d = ...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315187/everything-s-gonna-be-alright-the-longitudinal-interplay-among-social-support-peer-victimization-and-depressive-symptoms
#14
Taniesha Burke, Fabio Sticca, Sonja Perren
Peer victimization has been identified as a risk factor for depressive symptoms. The current study investigated the longitudinal interplay among social support, peer victimization and depressive symptoms in early adolescence. We specifically investigated the promotive and protective role of parental and friendship support on the longitudinal relationship between victimization and depressive symptoms. A total of 960 Swiss adolescents (49% female, Mage 13.2 years) completed an electronic questionnaire four times, with 6-month intervals...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314225/a-case-of-abdominal-enteric-cyst-in-china
#15
Ya-Hong Chen, Zhe Lv, Zhen Shen, Yan Chen, Hai-Cheng Gao
To investigate a case of abdominal enteric cyst in China. The patient was admitted to the china-Japan Friendship Hospital of Jilin University, which was due to intermittent pain in the left side for the last 4 months. In this surgery, CT was used to diagnose the basic condition of the patient. Surgery was used for Treatment of patients with diseases. As soon as patients have been successfully operated by laparoscopic surgery.
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306385/daily-school-context-of-adolescents-single-best-friendship-and-adjustment
#16
Melissa R Witkow, Nicolette P Rickert, Laura E Cullen
Research on adolescent best friendships typically focuses on school-based friendships, ignoring important differences between classroom-based and out-of-school friendships. With data from 156 ninth-grade students, many of whom named more than 1 best friend across the 14-day period, the authors examined associations between the daily school context of one's best friendship and adjustment. Benefits of in-grade best friendships were found in academic engagement when a composite was assessed across the 2-week period...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297811/-analysis-of-short-term-respiratory-adverse-events-in-183-bronchial-thermoplasty-procedures
#17
Y Nong, J T Lin, N Su, X Chen, Q Zhao, C Y Han, R F Qiu
Objective: To analyze the short-term (3 weeks) adverse respiratory events after bronchial thermoplasty(BT) in patients with severe asthma. Methods: The China-Japan Friendship Hospital recruited 62 patients with severe asthma for BT treatment from March 2014 to July 2016, with a total of 183 BT procedures. The data of adverse respiratory events within 3 weeks after procedure were collected to analyze the factors that might potentially influence the occurrence of adverse events. Results: Forty-three patients (69...
March 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289044/exploiting-social-influence-to-magnify-population-level-behaviour-change-in-maternal-and-child-health-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-network-targeting-algorithms-in-rural-honduras
#18
Holly B Shakya, Derek Stafford, D Alex Hughes, Thomas Keegan, Rennie Negron, Jai Broome, Mark McKnight, Liza Nicoll, Jennifer Nelson, Emma Iriarte, Maria Ordonez, Edo Airoldi, James H Fowler, Nicholas A Christakis
INTRODUCTION: Despite global progress on many measures of child health, rates of neonatal mortality remain high in the developing world. Evidence suggests that substantial improvements can be achieved with simple, low-cost interventions within family and community settings, particularly those designed to change knowledge and behaviour at the community level. Using social network analysis to identify structurally influential community members and then targeting them for intervention shows promise for the implementation of sustainable community-wide behaviour change...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288650/analysis-of-an-international-collaboration-for-capacity-building-of-human-resources-for-eye-care-case-study-of-the-college-college-vision-2020-link
#19
Nyawira Mwangi, Marcia Zondervan, Covadonga Bascaran
BACKGROUND: There is an extreme health workforce shortage in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa. Shortage of eye care workers impedes effective implementation of prevention of blindness programs. The World Health Organization has identified education, partnership, leadership, financing, and policy as intertwined interventions that are critical to resolving this crisis on the long term. CASE PRESENTATION: The VISION 2020 LINK between the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa and the Royal College of Ophthalmologists in the United Kingdom aims to increase the quantity and quality of eye care training in East, Central, and Southern Africa through a focus on five strategic areas: fellowship examination for ophthalmologists, training the trainers, curriculum development for residents in ophthalmology and ophthalmic clinical officers, continuous professional development (CPD), and mentoring program for young ophthalmologists...
March 14, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285046/children-use-partial-resource-sharing-as-a-cue-to-friendship
#20
Zoe Liberman, Alex Shaw
Resource sharing is an important aspect of human society, and how resources are distributed can provide people with crucial information about social structure. Indeed, a recent partiality account of resource distribution suggested that people may use unequal partial resource distributions to make inferences about a distributor's social affiliations. To empirically test this suggestion derived from the theoretical argument of the partiality account, we presented 4- to 9-year-old children with distributors who gave out resources unequally using either a partial procedure (intentionally choosing which recipient would get more) or an impartial procedure (rolling a die to determine which recipient would get more) and asked children to make judgments about whom the distributor was better friends with...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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