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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#1
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528208/mentoring-interventions-and-the-impact-of-protective-assets-on-the-reproductive-health-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#2
REVIEW
Kate F Plourde, Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Donna R McCarraher
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS and other negative reproductive health (RH) outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that programs to build AGYW's assets can help reduce their vulnerability to poor RH. Mentoring interventions have demonstrated a positive impact on a variety of youth development outcomes, including the protective assets needed to circumvent poor RH outcomes. The purpose of this review was to understand the types of mentoring programs for AGYW that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving protective assets, and/or, RH knowledge, intentions, behaviors, or outcomes themselves...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526670/social-media-and-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-is-there-a-link
#3
Megan Landry, Monique Turner, Amita Vyas, Susan Wood
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual risk taking and its consequences remain a global public health concern. Empirical evidence on the impact that social media has on sexual health behaviors among youth is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between social media and the change in sexual risk over time and whether parental monitoring moderates this relationship. METHODS: This study comprised a sample of 555 Latino youth aged 13-19 years from Maryland, United States completing baseline and follow-up surveys...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523585/pathways-to-preventing-substance-use-among-youth-in-foster-care
#4
Hyoun K Kim, Rohanna Buchanan, Joseph M Price
Substance use problems are highly prevalent among youth in foster care. Such problems in adolescence have long-lasting implications for subsequent adjustment throughout adulthood and even across generations. Although several programs have demonstrated positive results in reducing substance use in at-risk youth, few studies have systemically examined how such programs work for foster youth and whether they are effective for both genders. This study examined the efficacy of KEEP SAFE, a family-based and skill-focused program designed to prevent substance use and other related health risking behaviors among youth in foster care...
May 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520646/relationship-between-pubertal-timing-and-chronic-nonspecific-pain-in-adolescent-girls-the-young-hunt3-study-2006-2008
#5
Barbro Kløven, Gry B Hoftun, Pål R Romundstad, Marite Rygg
The aim of this study was to examine a possible relationship between early puberty and chronic non-specific pain in 13-18 years old girls. All adolescents in Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, were invited to participate in the Young-HUNT3 study (2006-2008). Of the invited girls 81% answered the questionnaire and of these 3982 were 13-18 years. Menarche and perceived physical maturation were used as exposure measures. Early menarche was defined as <12 years, normal menarche as ≥12 and <14 years, and late menarche as ≥14 years...
May 16, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513317/engagement-in-physical-activity-during-recess-gender-and-grade-level-differences-in-the-elementary-grades
#6
Sarah Wollersheim Shervey, James C DiPerna
BACKGROUND: There are many purported benefits to recess including engaging in physical activity, forming positive peer relationships, and taking a break from the classroom. Current research, however, is inconclusive regarding the presence of gender and developmental differences in physical activity that takes place during recess. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the amount of physical activity that occurs during recess across gender and grade level. METHOD: Students from first and sixth grade classrooms participated in the study, and physical activity was measured using accelerometers to record the number of steps taken during recess...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513274/cognitive-functioning-and-adjudicative-competence-defendants-referred-for-neuropsychological-evaluation-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting
#7
Beth C Arredondo, Bernice A Marcopulos, Jesse G Brand, Kristen T Campbell, Julie-Ann Kent
OBJECTIVE: A paucity of peer-reviewed research exists regarding the relation between cognitive functioning and adjudicative competence, despite increasing awareness of cognitive deficits associated with serious mental illness. This retrospective study sought to add to and expand upon existing research by considering performance validity and court determinations of competence, when available. METHOD: We compared demographic and cognitive variables of a group of defendants with presumed valid testing admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility for evaluation of adjudicative competence and referred for neuropsychological evaluation (n = 45) and compared individuals determined by the evaluator and/or the court to be competent (n = 30) and incompetent (n = 15)...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512766/mental-health-outcomes-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-in-late-adolescence
#8
Ian Harrowell, Linda Hollén, Raghu Lingam, Alan Emond
AIM: To assess the relationship between developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and mental health outcomes in late adolescence. METHOD: Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Moderate-to-severe DCD was defined at 7 to 8 years according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria. Mental health was assessed at 16 to 18 years using self-reported questionnaires: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire, and the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale...
May 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511051/a-one-year-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-peer-support-services-in-a-non-western-context-the-perspectives-of-peer-support-workers-service-users-and-co-workers
#9
Samson Tse, Winnie W S Mak, Iris W K Lo, Lucia L Liu, Winnie W Y Yuen, Sania Yau, Kimmy Ho, Sau-Kam Chan, Stephen Wong
This study explored the changing views of key stakeholders (peer support workers, their co-workers, and service users) about peer support services in a non-Western community, using a longitudinal qualitative approach. Five trainee peer support workers (PSWs), 15 service users, and 14 co-workers were interviewed over a 12-month period, under the auspices of the Peer Support Workers Project (also known as the Mindset project) in Hong Kong. A total of 77 interviews were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted across the participant groups at three different time points (training, work placements, and employment)...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508713/investigation-of-the-reasons-for-not-using-helmet-among-motorcyclists-in-kerman-iran
#10
Aliasghar Maghsoudi, Dariush Boostani, Manoochehr Rafeiee
This study was carried out to investigate reasoning and interpretation of motorcyclists for not using helmet utilizing qualitative methodology of 'grounded theory'. The field of the study was Kerman, a cultural-historical city at the south-east of Iran. Participants were 21 young male motorcyclists. Two sampling strategies were used: maximum variation and snowball sampling. To collect data, in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted. Data analysis yielded seven categories: fatalism; a barrier to social relationships; peer group pressure and negative labelling; messing up the appearance; disturbance in hearing and vision; barrier to normal breathing; and heaviness and superfluity of helmet...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508300/the-symbolic-nature-of-trust-in-heterosexual-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#11
Jerika C Norona, Deborah P Welsh, Spencer B Olmstead, Chloe F Bliton
Trust contributes to young people's capacity for sustaining current and future successful relationships. To date, research has yet to examine the meaning of trust in early dating relationships and reasons for its deterioration. The present study focused on video-recorded conversations about trust between 34 heterosexual adolescent couples in dating relationships living in the U.S. Transcripts from these conversations were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis to identify adolescents' meanings of trust and reasons they provided for a lack of trust in their romantic partners...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507356/school-going-adolescents-perception-of-family-climate-and-mental-problems-results-from-kocaeli-turkey
#12
Safak Eray, Ayse Pinar Vural, Deniz Sigirli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of expressed emotion and psychopathology of school-going adolescents in a non-clinical sample. METHODS: The cross-sectional field study was conducted in Kocaeli, Turkey, and comprised high-school students during the 2014-15 school years. Data was collected using the Information Collection Form, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Shortened Level of Expressed Emotion Scale. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506925/social-connectedness-mental-health-and-the-adolescent-brain
#13
REVIEW
M Lamblin, C Murawski, S Whittle, A Fornito
Social relationships promote health and wellbeing. Brain regions regulating social behavior continue to develop throughout adolescence, as teens learn to navigate their social environment with increasing sophistication. Adolescence is also a time of increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders, many of which are characteristically associated with social dysfunction. In this review, we consider the links between adolescent brain development and the broader social environment. We examine evidence that individual differences in social ability, partly determined by genetic influences on brain structure and function, impact the quality and quantity of social ties during adolescence and that, conversely, the structure of one's social network exerts complex yet profound influences on individual behavior and mental health...
May 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505553/linking-eating-and-weight-control-attitudes-to-relationship-experiences-a-large-scale-survey-of-adolescent-females
#14
Rebekah L Thomas, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, Joanne W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which family conflict, peer bullying and psychological distress account for eating and weight loss attitudes in adolescent females. This study examined the degree to which psychological distress mediated the association between family conflict and eating and weight loss attitudes, and the association of bullying and eating and weight loss attitudes. METHOD: Females aged between 11 and 17 years (N = 5125) were recruited from schools in the State of Victoria (Australia)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500469/aggression-predicts-changes-in-peer-victimization-that-vary-by-form-and-function
#15
Karin S Frey, Zoe Higheagle Strong
Peer victimization is predictive of serious problems in adjustment, especially among children who are both victimized and aggressive. This study investigated how different types of aggression contribute to later victimization. Specifically, we examined prospective relationships between the types of aggression that children perpetrated and the types that they experienced at the hands of others. Trained observers coded schoolyard behavior of 553 children in grades 3-6 during the initial year of a bullying intervention program...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499108/alcohol-outcomes-by-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-few-findings-of-higher-risk
#16
Paul A Gilbert, Laurie Drabble, Jason Daniel-Ulloa, Karen F Trocki
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to confirm a previously identified race by sexual orientation interaction and to clarify men's alcohol-related risk by using an expanded classification of sexual orientation. METHOD: We collapsed three waves of National Alcohol Survey data, restricting the analytic sample to White (n = 5,689), Black (n = 1,237), and Latino (n = 1,549) men with complete information on sexual orientation and alcohol use. Using self-reported sexual identity and behavior, respondents were categorized as exclusively heterosexual (referent), behaviorally discordant heterosexuals (i...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498865/when-do-traumatic-experiences-alter-risk-taking-behavior-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-reports-from-refugees
#17
Mareike Augsburger, Thomas Elbert
Exposure to traumatic stressors and subsequent trauma-related mental changes may alter a person's risk-taking behavior. It is unclear whether this relationship depends on the specific types of traumatic experiences. Moreover, the association has never been tested in displaced individuals with substantial levels of traumatic experiences. The present study assessed risk-taking behavior in 56 displaced individuals by means of the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Exposure to traumatic events, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression were assessed by means of semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498534/adolescent-life-stress-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-the-moderating-roles-of-attachment-and-sex
#18
Kelly F Miller, Gayla Margolin, Lauren Spies Shapiro, Adela C Timmons
This longitudinal study investigated how past versus current life stresses relate to adolescents' cortisol awakening response (CAR), an index of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity. Ninety-nine adolescents reported previous year life stress at ages 12 and 18. At the second assessment, participants also provided self-reports of parent and peer attachment and 3 days of cortisol samples. Current stress was associated with heightened CAR for both males and females, whereas past stress was associated with attenuated CAR for males...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#19
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498003/a-novel-approach-to-assessing-professionalism-in-preclinical-medical-students-using-multisource-feedback-through-paired-self-and-peer-evaluations
#20
Amanda R Emke, Steven Cheng, Ling Chen, Dajun Tian, Carolyn Dufault
Phenomenon: Professionalism is integral to the role of the physician. Most professionalism assessments in medical training are delayed until clinical rotations where multisource feedback is available. This leaves a gap in student assessment portfolios and potentially delays professional development. APPROACH: A total of 246 second-year medical students (2013-2015) completed self- and peer assessments of professional behaviors in 2 courses following a series of Team-Based Learning exercises...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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