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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#1
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207891/factors-influencing-antiretroviral-treatment-suboptimal-adherence-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-in-thailand
#2
Luyi Xu, Kerim Munir, Cheeraya Kanabkaew, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Existing studies have suggested decreased adherence and rebound in mortality in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) as compared to adults and young children. METHODS: We used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to identify factors influencing adherence among perinatally infected adolescents in Thailand. We analyzed data from 568 pairs of perinatally infected adolescents (aged 12-19) and their primary caregivers in the Teens Living With Antiretrovirals (TEEWA) study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2010-2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206846/the-healer-s-art-hart-veterinary-students-connecting-with-self-peers-and-the-profession
#3
Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Sarah Van Etten, Jane R Shaw
This case study sought to understand veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of the Healer's Art (HART) elective to support well-being and resilience. Students' "mindful attention" was assessed using the MAAS-State scale. Course evaluations and written materials for course exercises (artifacts) across the 2012-2015 cohorts of Colorado State University's HART veterinary students (n=99) were analyzed for themes using a grounded theory approach, followed by thematic comparison with analyses of HART medical student participants...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204999/the-potential-protective-role-of-peer-relationships-on-school-engagement-in-at-risk-adolescents
#4
Jacqueline O Moses, Miguel T Villodas
Negative outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences are well established, but little is known about protective factors that could promote positive adjustment among high-risk youth. This study examined the potential protective role of positive peer relationships in the association between adverse childhood experiences and school engagement among at-risk adolescents. Data were collected prospectively from birth until age 16 from 831 diverse adolescents (52.6% female; 54% African American, 24% Caucasian) who were at-risk for family violence and their caregivers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202159/positive-and-negative-contact-and-attitudes-towards-the-religious-out-group-testing-the-contact-hypothesis-in-conflict-and-non-conflict-regions-of-indonesia-and-the-philippines
#5
Agnieszka Kanas, Peer Scheepers, Carl Sterkens
This study examines the relationship between interreligious contact and negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. It uses unique survey data collected by the authors among Christian and Muslim students in Maluku and Yogyakarta (Indonesia) and Mindanao and Metro Manila (the Philippines). Even after taking self-selection effects into account, interreligious friendships reduce negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. However, casual interreligious contact increases negative out-group attitudes...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199930/prevalence-of-exposure-to-suicide-a-meta-analysis-of-population-based-studies
#6
Karl Andriessen, Bayzidur Rahman, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
Those exposed to suicide are at increased risk of adverse outcomes including mental illness, impaired social functioning, and fatal and non-fatal suicidal behavior. However, it is unclear how many people are exposed to suicide in the general community. This first meta-analysis of population-based studies aimed to provide pooled estimates of past-year and lifetime prevalence of exposure to suicide among family, friends/peers, and all relationships. In addition, the study examined prevalence of exposure to suicide by age group: adolescents and adults...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199734/nocturnal-enuresis-impaired-children-s-quality-of-life-and-friendships
#7
I Jönson Ring, T Nevéus, A Markström, K Arnrup, F Bazargani
AIM: There have not been any continence-specific measurement tools in Swedish that have allowed clinicians to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in children with bladder dysfunction. This study evaluated the QoL in Swedish children with nocturnal enuresis and tested the reliability of a Swedish translation of the Paediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PinQ). METHODS: This prospective study comprised 46 children aged 6-18 years with nocturnal enuresis, who completed the PinQ after it was translated into Swedish...
February 15, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194606/sexual-partner-typologies-and-the-association-between-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Patrick Janulis, Brian A Feinstein, Gregory Phillips, Michael E Newcomb, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
Numerous partner and relationship characteristics are associated with sexual risk behavior among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), including being in a serious relationship and having older partners. However, most research in this area is limited by its reliance on variable-centered approaches. Using multilevel latent class analysis, this study identified subgroups of sexual partner types with a particular emphasis on examining whether partner type moderated the association between drug use and condomless anal sex (CAS)...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193119/the-key-search-subtest-of-the-behavioural-assessment-of-the-dysexecutive-syndrome-in-children-bads-c-instrument-reveals-impaired-planning-without-external-constraints-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#9
Daria Riva, Chiara Vago, Alessandra Erbetta, Veronica Saletti, Silvia Esposito, Roberto Micheli, Sara Bulgheroni
Studies of executive function and its relationship with brain T2-weighted hyperintensities in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have yielded inconsistent results. We examined 16 children with NF1 aged 8 to 15 years, of normal intelligence, and compared their findings to those of 16 siblings and 16 typically developing children using the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome in Children (BADS-C). NF1 patients had an adequate overall score at BADS-C, but showed significantly lower performance than typical peers in the Key Search subtest...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192455/suicide-risk-in-a-representative-sample-of-people-receiving-hiv-care-time-to-target-most-at-risk-populations-anrs-vespa2-french-national-survey
#10
Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Fabienne Marcellin, Lisa Fressard, Marie Préau, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Marie Suzan-Monti, Valérie Guagliardo, Marion Mora, Perrine Roux, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
BACKGROUND: Suicide risk is high among people living with HIV (PLHIV). This study aimed to identify major correlates of suicide risk in a representative sample of PLHIV in France, in order to help target individuals who would benefit from suicide risk screening and psychiatric care. METHODS: The ANRS VESPA2 cross-sectional survey (April 2011-January 2012) collected socio-demographic, medical and behavioral data from 3,022 PLHIV recruited in 73 French HIV hospital departments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191991/hot-shots-and-cool-reception-an-expanded-view-of-social-consequences-for-high-performers
#11
Elizabeth M Campbell, Hui Liao, Aichia Chuang, Jing Zhou, Yuntao Dong
While high performers contribute substantially to their workgroups and organizations, research has indicated that they incur social costs from peers. Drawing from theories of social comparison and conservation of resources, we advance a rational perspective to explain why high performers draw both intentional positive and negative reactions from peers and consider how cooperative work contexts moderate these effects. A multisource field study of 936 relationships among 350 stylists within 105 salons offered support for our model and an experiment with 204 management students constructively replicated our findings and ruled out alternative explanations...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190936/how-teacher-emotional-support-motivates-students-the-mediating-roles-of-perceived-peer-relatedness-autonomy-support-and-competence
#12
Erik A Ruzek, Christopher A Hafen, Joseph P Allen, Anne Gregory, Amori Yee Mikami, Robert C Pianta
Multilevel mediation analyses test whether students' mid-year reports of classroom experiences of autonomy, relatedness with peers, and competence mediate associations between early in the school year emotionally-supportive teacher-student interactions (independently observed) and student-reported academic year changes in mastery motivation and behavioral engagement. When teachers were observed to be more emotionally-supportive in the beginning of the school year, adolescents reported academic year increases in their behavioral engagement and mastery motivation...
April 2016: Learning and Instruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#13
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187053/factors-associated-with-peer-victimization-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#14
Hui-Wen Huang, Jyu-Lin Chen, Ruey-Hsia Wang
BACKGROUND: Adolescents who have experienced peer victimization face a higher risk of negative health outcomes. However, little is known about the factors that are associated with peer victimization among adolescents in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to peer victimization among Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was employed. Three hundred seventy-seven adolescents aged 13-16 years from seven middle schools in southern Taiwan were recruited as participants...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186951/incentives-and-disincentives-for-treating-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-ontario-family-health-teams-protocol-for-a-grounded-theory-study
#15
Rachelle Ashcroft, Matthew Menear, Jose Silveira, Simone Dahrouge, Kwame McKenzie
INTRODUCTION: There is strong consensus that prevention and management of common mental disorders (CMDs) should occur in primary care and evidence suggests that treatment of CMDs in these settings can be effective. New interprofessional team-based models of primary care have emerged that are intended to address problems of quality and access to mental health services, yet many people continue to struggle to access care for CMDs in these settings. Insufficient attention directed towards the incentives and disincentives that influence care for CMDs in primary care, and especially in interprofessional team-based settings, may have resulted in missed opportunities to improve care quality and control healthcare costs...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#16
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176591/promoting-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-and-well-being-among-nursing-students
#17
Patsy McSharry, Fiona Timmins
First-year university students often embark on university life with excitement. In addition to experiencing greater freedom, they begin to take responsibility for their lives. However, it can be challenging for students to balance their studies with their new self-care responsibilities, while forming peer relationships. Some students may eat a suboptimal diet, for example they may regularly consume 'fast food' rather than healthier alternatives. Their physical activity may also decrease, as a result of time constraints and/or lifestyle choices...
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174226/educator-engagement-and-interaction-and-children-s-physical-activity-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings-an-observational-study-protocol
#18
Karen L Tonge, Rachel A Jones, Markus Hagenbuchner, Tuc V Nguyen, Anthony D Okely
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of regular physical activity for children are significant. Previous research has addressed the quantity and quality of children's physical activity while in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings, yet little research has investigated the social and physical environmental influences on physical activity in these settings. The outcomes of this study will be to measure these social and physical environmental influences on children's physical activity using a combination of a real-time location system (RTLS) (a closed system that tracks the location of movement of participants via readers and tags), accelerometry and direct observation...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169931/bowel-function-and-quality-of-life-after-transanal-endorectal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-disease-controlled-outcomes-up-to-adulthood
#19
Malla I Neuvonen, Kristiina Kyrklund, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define controlled outcomes up to adulthood for bowel function and quality of life (QoL) after transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although TEPT is the surgical standard for HD, controlled long-term follow-up studies evaluating bowel function and QoL are lacking. METHODS: Patients aged ≥4 years operated for HD with TEPT between 1987 and 2011 answered detailed questionnaires on bowel function and QoL [Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL, age <18 yrs) or Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) and SF-36]...
March 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168598/brain-activity-underlying-negative-self-and-other-perception-in-adolescents-the-role-of-attachment-derived-self-representations
#20
Martin Debbané, Deborah Badoud, David Sander, Stephan Eliez, Patrick Luyten, Pascal Vrtička
One of teenagers' key developmental tasks is to engage in new and meaningful relationships with peers and adults outside the family context. Attachment-derived expectations about the self and others in terms of internal attachment working models have the potential to shape such social reorientation processes critically and thereby influence adolescents' social-emotional development and social integration. Because the neural underpinnings of this developmental task remain largely unknown, we sought to investigate them by functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
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