Read by QxMD icon Read

lower limb strength

Kênia K Menezes, Christina D Faria, Aline S Scianni, Patrick R Avelino, Iza I Faria-Fortini, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Similar to the findings with the upper limbs, previous dominance of the lower limbs could also interfere with measures of impairment and activity of individuals with stroke. If this occurs, rehabilitation interventions should be planned, considering previous lower limb dominance. AIM: To investigate the impact of having the dominant versus the non-dominant lower limb affected by the stroke on measures of impairment and activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Anna Chapman, Claudia Meyer, Emma Renehan, Keith D Hill, Colette J Browning
INTRODUCTION: Falls as a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) can have a major impact on the health of older adults. Previous reviews have demonstrated that certain exercise interventions are effective at reducing falls in older people; however, no studies have quantified the effectiveness of exercise interventions on falls-related outcomes among older adults with DM. METHODS: A systematic search for all years to September 2015 identified available literature...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Chang-Man An, Shin-Ok Jo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In general, adequate movement of the ankle joint is known to play an important role in functional activities. Stroke survivors frequently have limited range of motion of the ankle, leading to dysfunctional weight transfer toward the paretic lower limb during standing or gait. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of talocrural mobilization with movement (MWM) on ankle strength, dorsiflexion passive range of motion (DF-PROM), and weight-bearing ability on the paretic limb during standing or gait in stroke patients with limited ankle dorsiflexion...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Robert Walaszek, Stanislaw Sterkowicz, Wieslaw Chwala, Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, Katarzyna Walaszek, Marcin Burdacki, Artur Klys
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is beneficial for young children. The aim is to monitor the changes in body posture and balance, as well as in the level of lower limbs mechanical output in six-year-old boys practicing judo (JU) and in a group not practicing that sport (NT). METHODS: In 12 matched pairs of boys (JU+NT) body mass and height were measured and BMI was calculated at three time points (baseline, three months, six months). Body posture was evaluated with the use of Moiré method (TT, DTK, MR, LALBC-F, DALBS)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jay R Ebert, Theertha Retheesh, Rinky Mutreja, Gregory C Janes
BACKGROUND: Hip abductor tendon (HAT) tearing is commonly implicated in greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), though limited information exists on the disability associated with this condition and specific presentation of these patients. PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, functional and biomechanical presentation of patients with symptomatic HAT tears. Secondary purposes were to investigate the association between these clinical and functional measures, and to compare the pain and disability reported by HAT tear patients to those with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA)...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Hikari Takeshita, Masao Takeda, Koichi Yamamoto, Hiromi Rakugi
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin converting enzyme2 (ACE2), an enzyme that produces the Angiotensin 1-7(A1-7) from Angiotensin II, is considered to suppress organ damage by inhibition of the activation of renin-angiotensin system. We recently found that ACE2 deficiency in mice ameliorated insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscle with reduced expression of glucose transporter 4 and myocyte enhancer factor 2, an important transcription factor to maintain homeostasis of skeletal muscle. In this study, we investigated whether ACE2-A1-7 axis plays a protective role in aging-associated loss of skeletal muscle function in mice...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Ya-Ping Pong, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yu-Chi Huang, Tsung-Hsun Yang, Meng-Chih Lin
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, perceived dyspnea, degree of fatigue, and activity of daily living with motor function and neurological status in stroke patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF).This was a cohort study in a tertiary care medical center. Stroke patients with CHF and exertional dyspnea (New York Heart Association class I-III) were recruited. The baseline characteristics included duration of disease, Brunnstrom stage, spirometry, resting heart rate, resting oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), Borg scale, fatigue scale, and Barthel index...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Matheus Amarante DO Nascimento, Aline M Gerage, Renata S Januário, Fábio L Pina, Luís A Gobbo, Jerry L Mayhew, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the aging process tends to lead to sarcopenia and osteoporosis which reduce the quality of life in older women. Resistance training (RT) is widely supported as a means of delaying or offsetting the decline in muscle strength and loss of bone mineral content in older women. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the effects of a 12-wk RT program (3 times a week) with dietary intake maintenance on muscle strength and body composition of healthy, sedentary older women...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Vinícius Yan Santos Nacimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Natália Barros Beltrão, Priscila Soares Dos Santos, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
This study evaluated the effects of instability on the EMG activity of scapular stabilizing and upper limb muscles during exercises with axial and rotational load. 20 male volunteers (20.9 ± 1.8 years, 174.1 ± 0.04 cm, 73.17 ± 8.77 kg) experienced in strength training participated in a crossover design. Muscle activation of anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (PD), pectoralis major (PM), biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) were determined on both conditions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Lara Allet, Olivier Giet, Jérôme Barral, Nicolas Junod, Dominique Durrer, Francesca Amati, Gerasimos P Sykiotis, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Jardena J Puder
INTRODUCTION: Low educational level (EL) and low physical fitness are both predictors of increased morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is unknown if EL is related to physical fitness. This would have important implication for the treatment approach of patients of low EL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2011/12, we invited participants of a new nationwide Swiss physical activity program for patients with type 2 diabetes to participate in this study...
2016: PloS One
Hiroyasu Mori, Akio Kuroda, Michiko Araki, Reiko Suzuki, Satoshi Taniguchi, Motoyuki Tamaki, Yuko Akehi, Munehide Matsuhisa
Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is thought to contribute to muscle weakness in a diabetic animal model. Skin autofluorescence (AF) is a proposed marker for accumulation of AGEs in the skin. We aimed to investigate the relationship between AGEs accumulation, sarcopenia, and muscle function of Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six patients with type 1 diabetes participated in this cross-sectional study. Sarcopenia parameters (skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and knee extension strength) were compared with subcutaneous AGEs accumulation using skin AF...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Moktar Chtara, Mehdi Rouissi, Nicola L Bragazzi, Adam L Owen, Monoem Haddad, Karim Chamari
BACKGROUND: Soccer requires maintaining unilateral balance when executing movement with the contralateral leg. Despite the fact that balance requires standing with maintaining isometric posture with the support leg, currently there is a lack of studies regarding the implication of isometric strength on dynamic balance's performance among young soccer players. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the Y- balance test and 12 lower limbs isometric strength tests...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Shigeru Yamada, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The need for surveillance of rare late recurrence of rectal cancer has not yet been established. Local control of unresectable skeletal metastasis is important for palliation of symptoms and support for systemic chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A Japanese man underwent preoperative pelvic irradiation (50.4 Gy/28 Fr) and low anterior resection at the age of 57 years. The pathological stage was II (T3N0M0). Nine years after the surgery, his carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level showed rapid elevation, although he had no symptoms...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
J Wiskemann, M E Schmidt, O Klassen, J Debus, C M Ulrich, K Potthoff, K Steindorf
Exercise is considered to be an effective supportive treatment approach in breast cancer (BC) patients. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a 12-week PRT during radiotherapy. Strength performance was assessed by maximal isokinetic peak torque (MIPT) in two different angular velocities (60°/s and 180°/s) and maximal voluntary isometric contraction for shoulder external and internal rotation, as well as for knee extension and flexion were assessed pre- and post-intervention in 146 patients randomized to PRT or a control group...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Ana Díz-Pelegrina, Gerald Valenza-Demet, Maria Paz Moreno-Ramírez, Marie Carmen Valenza
BACKGROUND: COPD exacerbations are frequent events that have a negative impact on the lives of patients. The aims of this study were to analyze physical and functional impairment during hospital stay in subjects hospitalized due to COPD exacerbation and to assess the physical and functional impact of hospitalization at a 1-month follow-up in patients with severe COPD. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study on a sample of 52 subjects hospitalized due to COPD exacerbation...
October 4, 2016: Respiratory Care
L Lopez de Munain, F J Juan-Garcia, E Duarte, R Martin-Mourelle, S Rodriguez, S Moraleda-Perez
Spasticity is a common complication that occurs in those patients that have suffered a stroke. To identify those patients at high risk of having post-stroke spasticity and to start treatment at early stages would probably benefit the patient. The key aspects in the early management of post-stroke spasticity were review and the clinical implications and strength of evidences were also considered. The document drafted by the study coordinators was subsequently reviewed and then a validated document was developed...
October 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Louise M Fuller, Brenda Button, Ben Tarrant, Ranjana Steward, Lisa Bennett, Greg Snell, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a supervised longer (14 week) versus shorter duration, (7 week) rehabilitation program after lung transplantation (LTX). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial SETTING: Post lung transplantation patients were randomised to either a shorter rehabilitation program (7 weeks) or a longer program (14 weeks) in an outpatient rehabilitation gym setting. PARTICIPANTS: Post lung transplantation patients aged 18 years or older who had undergone either single (SLTX) or bilateral lung (BSLTX) transplantation...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Björn Gerdle, Malin Ernberg, Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Britt Larsson, Eva Kosek, Nikolaos Christidis, Bijar Ghafouri
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is associated with central alterations, but controversies exist regarding the presence and role of peripheral factors. Microdialysis (MD) can be used in vivo to study muscle alterations in FMS. Furthermore for chronic pain conditions such as FMS, the mechanisms for the positive effects of exercise are unclear. This study investigates the interstitial concentrations of algesics and metabolites in the vastus lateralis muscle of 29 women with FMS and 28 healthy women before and after an exercise intervention...
2016: PloS One
Suzi Edwards, Hiram C Brooke, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the differences in the magnitude of movement variability and strategies utilized during an unanticipated cut task between players with and without a history of groin pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIANTS: Male Australian football players with (HISTORY; n = 7) or without (CONTROL; n = 10) a history of groin pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematics were recorded during 10 successful trials of an unanticipated cut task, and isokinetic hip adduction and abduction strength...
July 22, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"