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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530448/carbohydrates-alone-or-mixing-with-beef-or-whey-protein-promote-similar-training-outcomes-in-resistance-training-males-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Fernando Naclerio, Marco Seijo-Bujia, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Conrad P Earnest
Beef powder is a new high-quality protein source scarcely researched relative to exercise performance. The present study examined the impact of ingesting hydrolyzed beef protein, whey protein, and carbohydrate on strength performance (1RM), body composition (via plethysmography), limb circumferences and muscular thickness (via ultrasonography), following an 8-week resistance-training program. After being randomly assigned to one of the following groups: Beef, Whey, or Carbohydrate, twenty four recreationally physically active males (n=8 per treatment) ingested 20 g of supplement, mixed with orange juice, once a day (immediately after workout or before breakfast)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523994/potential-biomolecules-and-current-treatment-technologies-for-diabetic-foot-ulcer-an-overview
#3
Zenith Khashim, Shila Samuel, Nallusamy Duraisamy, Kathiravan Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulceration remains a major challenge is one of the most expensive and a leading cause of major and minor among patients with a diabetic foot ulcer. Hence the purpose of this review emphases on potential molecular markers involved in diabetic ulcer physiology, the efficacy of different types of dressing materials, therapy and newer therapeutic approach like nanoparticles for the of diabetic foot ulcer. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature reviews search by using Pubmed and other web search...
May 18, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506451/motor-skill-development-in-low-income-at-risk-preschoolers-a-community-based-longitudinal-intervention-study
#4
Laura L Bellows, Patricia L Davies, Jimikaye B Courtney, William J Gavin, Susan L Johnson, Richard E Boles
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) determine the status of fundamental movement skill (FMS) performance in low-income, at-risk preschoolers; and (2) evaluate the impact of the Food Friends Get Movin' with Mighty Moves (MM) program on improving children's FMS at two-year follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal, quasi-experimental study with matched controls. METHODS: The Colorado LEAP study was conducted in four Head Start/preschools (two intervention, two control) serving children aged 3-5 years...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489629/modulation-of-isometric-quadriceps-strength-in-soccer-players-with-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-a-crossover-study
#5
Valentine Z Vargas, Abrahão F Baptista, Guilherme O C Pereira, Alberto C Pochini, Benno Ejnisman, Marcelo B Santos, Silvia M A João, Fuad A Hazime
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the maximum isometric muscle contraction (MVIC) of the knee extensors in soccer players at the pre-professional level. Twenty female soccer players aged 15 to 17 years (mean = 16.1; SD = 0.9) with 5.2 ± 2.6 years of training were randomly divided into two groups to receive either active or sham tDCS in a single session (2 mA; 0.057mA/cm). The MVIC of the knee extensors was evaluated in both lower limbs by manual dynamometry in five sets of contractions divided into four blocks: (0) pre-stimulation, (1) during tDCS, (2) 30 minutes post-tDCS, and (3) 60 minutes post-tDCS...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484505/effect-of-taichi-softball-on-function-related-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Lin Lou, Liye Zou, Qun Fang, Huiru Wang, Yang Liu, Zuguo Tian, Yunpeng Han
The purpose of this present study was to examine the effect of Taichi softball (TCSB) on physical function in Chinese older adults. Eighty Chinese older adults were randomly assigned into either an experimental group experiencing four 90-minute TCSB sessions weekly for seven consecutive weeks or a control group. At baseline and 7 weeks later, all participants were asked to perform physical functional tests for both lower and upper limbs. Multiple separate Analyses of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures were applied to evaluate the effects of TCSB on function-related outcomes between baseline and postintervention in the two groups...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478687/preoperative-factors-related-to-the-ambulatory-status-at-1-year-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Manabu Nankaku, Hiromu Ito, Moritoshi Furu, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shinichiro Nakamura, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Shuichi Matsuda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether preoperative factors can predict the ambulatory status at 1 year after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The subjects were 115 patients who had undergone TKA. Isometric lower limb muscle strength was measured and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and the 2011 knee society scoring were conducted preoperatively. Then, the patients were divided into two groups after surgery: a cane-assisted walking group (n = 42) and independent walking group (n = 73)...
May 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476901/is-combining-gait-retraining-or-an-exercise-programme-with-education-better-than-education-alone-in-treating-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#8
Jean-Francois Esculier, Laurent Julien Bouyer, Blaise Dubois, Pierre Fremont, Lynne Moore, Bradford McFadyen, Jean-Sébastien Roy
DESIGN: Single-blind randomised clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of three 8-week rehabilitation programmes on symptoms and functional limitations of runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP). METHODS: Sixty-nine runners with PFP were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: (1) education on symptoms management and training modifications (education); (2) exercise programme in addition to education (exercises); (3) gait retraining in addition to education (gait retraining)...
May 5, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476110/restriction-in-lateral-bending-range-of-motion-lumbar-lordosis-and-hamstring-flexibility-predicts-the-development-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#9
Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge, Vivienne H Chuter
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the development of LBP could reduce costs and improve the quality of life of individuals. Therefore the aim was to systematically review prospective cohort studies investigating lower back and / or lower limb musculoskeletal risk factors in the development of LBP. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474432/associations-of-muscle-force-power-cross-sectional-muscle-area-and-bone-geometry-in-older-uk-men
#10
Ayse Zengin, Stephen R Pye, Michael J Cook, Judith E Adams, Rainer Rawer, Frederick C W Wu, Terence W O'Neill, Kate A Ward
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and increased fall risk, all of which contribute to increased fracture risk. Mechanically, bone strength adapts in response to forces created by muscle contractions. Adaptations can be through changes in bone size, geometry, and bending strength. Muscle mass is often used as a surrogate for muscle force; however, force can be increased without changes in muscle mass. Increased fall risk with ageing has been associated with a decline in muscle power-which is a measure of mobility...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473614/lower-limb-explosive-strength-capacity-in-elderly-women-effects-of-resistance-training-and-healthy-diet
#11
Peter Edholm, Emelie Strandberg, Fawzi Kadi
The effects of 24-weeks of resistance training combined with a healthy diet on lower limb explosive strength capacity were investigated in a population of healthy elderly women. Participants (n=63; 67.5 ± 0.4 yrs) were randomized into three groups; resistance training (RT), resistance training and healthy diet (RT-HD) and control (CON). Progressive resistance training was performed at a load of 75%-85% 1 RM. A major adjustment in the healthy dietary approach was an n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio below 2. Lower limb maximal strength, explosive force capacity during dynamic and isometric movements, whole body lean mass and physical function were assessed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469740/isokinetic-dynamometry-and-1rm-tests-produce-conflicting-results-for-assessing-alterations-in-muscle-strength
#12
Paulo Gentil, Fabricio Boscolo Del Vecchio, Antonio Paoli, Brad J Schoenfeld, Martim Bottaro
The purpose of this study was to compare strength gains in the lower limbs, assessed by one maximum repetition (1RM) and isokinetic peak torque (PT), in young men undergoing a resistance training (RT) program. Twenty-seven young men performed resistance training twice a week for 11 weeks. Training involved two exercises for the lower body, two for the upper body and one for the midsection performed with three sets of 8-12 repetitions to momentary muscle failure. Before and after the training period, participants performed the 1RM test in the 45° leg press and knee extension PT in isokinetic dynamometry...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463677/surgical-treatment-of-an-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-with-avascular-bone-graft
#13
Alexandru Ulici, Catalin Nahoi, Madalina Carp, Ioan Fodor, Cristina Dinu
Background: Aneurysmal bone cyst is a solitary bone tumor, expansile and lytic most often seen in the second decade of life, more frequently in men than in women (2: 1). They can occur in any bone, most common in the metaphysis of the long bones of the lower limbs. Although it is a benign tumor formation, aneurysmal cysts may have an aggressive local evolution and can cause a significant decrease in bone strength. The pacient may present local pain, the appearance of local deformation due to a tumor mass or occurrence of pathological fractures...
March 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459290/injury-patterns-physiological-profile-and-performance-in-university-rugby-union
#14
Shane Ball, Mark Halaki, Tristan Sharp, Rhonda Orr
OBJECTIVES: Rugby union is a physically demanding collision sport with high injury rates. There is a common perception that higher training loads result in greater injury risk in field-based sports. This study aims to determine injury, anthropometric and physical performance characteristics in junior rugby union players and investigate the interaction between training load and injury across a competitive season. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Fifty-one players (age 19...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#15
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455629/validation-of-an-active-shape-model-based-semi-automated-segmentation-algorithm-for-the-analysis-of-thigh-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-cross-sectional-areas
#16
Jana Kemnitz, Felix Eckstein, Adam G Culvenor, Anja Ruhdorfer, Torben Dannhauer, Susanne Ring-Dimitriou, Alexandra M Sänger, Wolfgang Wirth
OBJECTIVE: To validate a semi-automated method for thigh muscle and adipose tissue cross-sectional area (CSA) segmentation from MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An active shape model (ASM) was trained using 113 MRI CSAs from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) and combined with an active contour model and thresholding-based post-processing steps. This method was applied to 20 other MRIs from the OAI and to baseline and follow-up MRIs from a 12-week lower-limb strengthening or endurance training intervention (n = 35 females)...
April 28, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448584/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-yet-on-dialysis-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#17
Viviane Angelina de Souza, Dílmerson Oliveira, Sérgio Ribeiro Barbosa, José Otávio do Amaral Corrêa, Fernando Antônio Basile Colugnati, Henrique Novais Mansur, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes, Marcus Gomes Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a chronic condition that is associated with aging and characterized by a reduction of muscle mass, strength, and function. Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis and its correlation with clinical and laboratory variables and inflammatory markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446871/prevalence-of-joint-gait-patterns-defined-by-a-delphi-consensus-study-is-related-to-gross-motor-function-topographical-classification-weakness-and-spasticity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Angela Nieuwenhuys, Eirini Papageorgiou, Simon-Henri Schless, Tinne De Laet, Guy Molenaers, Kaat Desloovere
During a Delphi consensus study, a new joint gait classification system was developed for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This system, whose reliability and content validity have previously been established, identified 49 distinct joint patterns. The present study aims to provide a first insight toward the construct validity and clinical relevance of this classification system. The retrospective sample of convenience consisted of 286 patients with spastic CP (3-18 years old, GMFCS levels I-III, 166 with bilateral CP)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433808/comparisons-of-hip-strength-and-countermovement-jump-height-in-elite-tennis-players-with-and-without-acute-history-of-groin-injuries
#19
V Moreno-Pérez, A Lopez-Valenciano, D Barbado, J Moreside, J L L Elvira, F J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Despite the high groin-injury (GI) prevalence in tennis, no studies have assessed the extent to which intrinsic groin injury risk factors, such as hip muscle strength, have recovered in elite tennis players with a history of previous GI. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether elite tennis players with a history of GI show differences in hip strength and jump height between injured and uninjured limbs and compared with dominant limb in tennis players without history of acute groin-injuries (NGI)...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432883/sagittal-plane-joint-kinetics-during-stair-ascent-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-intermittent-claudication
#20
Stephanie L King, Natalie Vanicek, Thomas D O'Brien
Stair negotiation poses a substantial physical demand on the musculoskeletal system and this challenging task can place individuals at risk of falls. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can cause intermittent claudication (IC) pain in the calf and results in altered gait mechanics during level walking. However, whether those with PAD-IC adopt alternate strategies to climb stairs is unknown. Twelve participants with PAD-IC (six bilateral and six unilateral) and 10 healthy controls were recruited and instructed to ascend a five-step staircase whilst 3D kinematic data of the lower-limbs were recorded synchronously with kinetic data from force plates embedded into the staircase on steps two and three...
March 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
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