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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327170/the-effects-of-a-single-session-of-spinal-manipulation-on-strength-and-cortical-drive-in-athletes
#1
Thomas Lykke Christiansen, Imran Khan Niazi, Kelly Holt, Rasmus Wiberg Nedergaard, Jens Duehr, Kathryn Allen, Paul Marshall, Kemal S Türker, Jan Hartvigsen, Heidi Haavik
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether a single session of spinal manipulation (SM) increases strength and cortical drive in the lower limb (soleus muscle) of elite Taekwondo athletes. METHODS: Soleus-evoked V-waves, H-reflex and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors were recorded from 11 elite Taekwondo athletes using a randomized controlled crossover design. Interventions were either SM or passive movement control...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324873/a-new-strength-assessment-to-evaluate-the-association-between-muscle-weakness-and-gait-pathology-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Marije Goudriaan, Angela Nieuwenhuys, Simon-Henri Schless, Nathalie Goemans, Guy Molenaers, Kaat Desloovere
AIM: The main goal of this validation study was to evaluate whether lower limb muscle weakness and plantar flexor rate of force development (RFD) related to altered gait parameters in children with cerebral palsy (CP), when weakness was assessed with maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) in a gait related test position. As a subgoal, we analyzed intra- and intertester reliability of this new strength measurement method. METHODS: Part 1 -Intra- and intertester reliability were determined with the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC2,1) in 10 typical developing (TD) children (age: 5-15)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322970/minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-using-bone-cement-augmented-pedicle-screws-for-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-in-patients-with-osteoporosis-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#3
Venkata Ramesh Chandra Vemula, Bodapati Chandramowliswara Prasad, M A Jagadeesh, Jayachandar Vuttarkar, Sanjeev Kumar Akula
BACKGROUND: Instrumentation in patients with osteoporosis is challenging. Bone cement-augmented fenestrated pedicle screw fixation is a new procedure for fixation in the osteoporotic bone; and, applying minimally invasive techniques to the above is a challenging and novel concept. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of minimally invasive spine surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in patients with spondylolisthesis and poor bone quality, performed with rigid instrumentation using bone cement [poly(methylmethacrylate)]-augmented fenestrated pedicle screws...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317222/do-performance-measures-of-strength-balance-and-mobility-predict-quality-of-life-and-community-reintegration-after-stroke
#4
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315200/physical-performance-limitations-following-severe-lower-extremity-trauma-in-military-service-members
#5
Jason M Wilken, Catherine W Roy, Scott W Shaffer, Jeanne C Patzkowski, Ryan V Blanck, Johnny G Owens, Joseph R Hsu
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the type and magnitude of lower extremity physical performance deficits in military service members who have undergone rehabilitation following limb salvage or transtibial amputation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective. SETTING: Level I trauma military medical and rehabilitation center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Service members with lower extremity trauma resulting in limb salvage (n=20) or unilateral transtibial amputation (n=14), compared to uninjured actively training service members (n=123)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310887/erratum-to-changes-in-lower-limb-strength-and-function-following-lumbar-spinal-mobilization-j-manipulative-physiol-ther-2017-40-8-587-596
#6
Tsoi Sze Yuen, Joseph Ng, Pui Yu Lam, Mei Yan Lau, Wai Lam Siu, Ka Man Yu, Chi Ngai Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306146/reactive-balance-control-in-older-adults-with-diabetes
#8
Pei-Yun Lee, Yi-Ju Tsai, Yu-Ting Liao, Yi-Ching Yang, Fen-Hwa Lu, Sang-I Lin
Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem for older adults worldwide and could be associated with impaired ability to recover balance after postural disturbances. This study compared reactive balance control in three groups of adults, young (YA), healthy non-diabetes older (nonDM-OA) and diabetes older (DM-OA). Twenty participants in each group completed a series of vision, plantar cutaneous sensitivity, grip power and lower limb strength tests. In the reactive balance test, participants stood on a force platform and used the dominant hand to pull the handle of a cord that could be suddenly released to create an imbalancing force...
December 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305098/is-clavicular-reconstruction-imperative-for-total-and-subtotal-claviculectomy-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Yu Chen, Xiuchun Yu, Weimin Huang, Bing Wang
BACKGROUND: The effects of clavicular reconstruction on total and subtotal claviculectomy are controversial. The aim of this study is to disclose the impact of clavicular reconstruction on the efficacy of this rare surgical procedure. METHODS: This is a systematic review of multiple medical databases for level I through IV evidence. RESULTS: Eleven studies (level IV) with a mean follow-up duration of 53 months (range, 12-156 months) met the inclusion criteria...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290277/comparison-of-walking-muscle-strength-balance-and-fear-of-falling-between-repeated-fall-group-one-time-fall-group-and-nonfall-group-of-the-elderly-receiving-home-care-service
#10
MiYang Jeon, Mee Ock Gu, JongEun Yim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide information to develop a program to prevent repeated falls by analyzing the difference in gait, muscle strength, balance, and fear of falling according to their fall experience. METHODS: The study subjects were 110 elderly individuals aged over 60 years who agreed to their participation in this research. The study participants were categorized into a repeated fall group (n = 40), a one-time fall group (n = 15), and a nonfall group (n = 46) of the elderly...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289541/supervised-balance-training-and-wii-fit-based-exercises-lower-falls-risk-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Steven Morrison, Rachel Simmons, Sheri R Colberg, Henri K Parson, Aaron I Vinik
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the benefits of and differences between 12 weeks of thrice-weekly supervised balance training and an unsupervised at-home balance activity (using the Nintendo Wii Fit) for improving balance and reaction time and lowering falls risk in older individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: University research laboratory, home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five older adults with type 2 diabetes were recruited for this study...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284059/spatiotemporal-gait-characteristics-in-patients-with-copd-during-the-gait-real-time-analysis-interactive-lab-based-6-minute-walk-test
#13
Wai-Yan Liu, Martijn A Spruit, Jeannet M Delbressine, Paul J Willems, Frits M E Franssen, Emiel F M Wouters, Kenneth Meijer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Overground gait assessment is limited by the analysis of multiple strides or both spatiotemporal gait characteristics, while fixed speed treadmill walking restricts natural gait speed variations. The Gait Real-time Analysis Interactive Lab (GRAIL)-based 6-minute walk test (6MWT) enables 3D motion analysis and self-paced treadmill walking, and could provide insight in gait alterations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study is to compare spatiotemporal gait characteristics between patients with COPD and healthy elderly during the GRAIL-based 6MWT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283899/-effects-of-mat-pilates-on-physical-functional-performance-of-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Roberta Oliveira Bueno de Souza, Liliane de Faria Marcon, Alex Sandro Faria de Arruda, Francisco Luciano Pontes Junior, Ruth Caldeira de Melo
OBJECTIVE: The present meta-analysis aimed to examine evidence from randomized controlled trials in order to determine the effects of mat Pilates on measures of physical functional performance in the elderly. DESIGN: A search was conducted in the MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Scielo and PEDro databases between February and March 2017. Only RCTs that were written in English; included subjects 60 years-old; utilized mat Pilates exercises; included a comparison (control) group; and reported performance-based measures of physical function (balance, flexibility, muscle strength and cardiorespiratory fitness) were included...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283690/how-fast-is-a-horizontal-squat-jump
#15
Pierre Samozino, Jean Romain Riviere, Jérémy Rossi, Jean-Benoit Morin, Pedro Jimenez-Reyes
Velocity strength training requires exercise modalities allowing athletes to reach very high movement velocity, which is limited during vertical movements involving body weight. PURPOSE: Our aim was to quantify the mechanical outputs developed during horizontal squat jumps, and notably the movement velocity, in comparison to vertical squat jumps with and without loads. METHODS: Thirteen healthy male athletes performed squat jumps without additional loads (SJ0), with a load of ~60% of body mass (SJ60) and during horizontal squat jumps performed lying down on a roller device with (AHSJ) and without (HSJ) a rubber band assistance...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278423/exercise-for-intermittent-claudication
#16
REVIEW
Risha Lane, Amy Harwood, Lorna Watson, Gillian C Leng
BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other, more invasive therapies for treatment of leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is the fourth update of a review first published in 1998. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine whether an exercise programme was effective in alleviating symptoms and increasing walking treadmill distances and walking times in people with intermittent claudication. Secondary objectives were to determine whether exercise was effective in preventing deterioration of underlying disease, reducing cardiovascular events, and improving quality of life...
December 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278290/identification-of-prognostic-factors-for-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-patients-after-hospitalization-for-acute-infectious-disease-in-japan-a-6-month-follow-up-study
#17
Ryohei Goto, Hiroki Watanabe, Junji Haruta, Madoka Tsutsumi, Shoji Yokoya, Tetsuhiro Maeno
AIM: We investigated factors that predict the prognosis of activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly patients who had undergone rehabilitation during hospitalization for acute infectious disease. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study included 131 patients who were hospitalized due to acute infectious disease and who had undergone rehabilitation during hospitalization. Patient characteristics collected from medical records included age, sex and comorbidity score...
December 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274444/a-rare-giant-intradural-extramedullary-ependymoma
#18
Dengyong Liao, Jing Zhang, Haifeng Chen
A 23-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because she had suffered from back pain for 3 years and paralysis of both lower limbs for 10 days. Neurologic examination showed sensory disturbance and complete paralysis in bilateral lower extremities with negative Babinski sign. Contrast-enhanced MRI showed there was an enhanced intradural lesion between T2 to T12, which pressed the spinal cord. The lesion was resected completely by laminectomy approach, and the tumor was totally intradural extramedullary...
December 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260836/responsiveness-of-performance-based-outcome-measures-for-mobility-balance-muscle-strength-and-manual-dexterity-in-adults-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#19
Marie Kierkegaard, Émilie Petitclerc, Luc J Hébert, Jean Mathieu, Cynthia Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes and responsiveness in outcome measures of mobility, balance, muscle strength and manual dexterity in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1. DESIGN: A 9-year longitudinal study conducted with 113 patients. METHODS: The responsiveness of the Timed Up and Go test, Berg Balance Scale, quantitative muscle testing, grip and pinch-grip strength, and Purdue Pegboard Test was assessed using criterion and construct approaches...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241091/the-effectiveness-of-group-otago-exercise-program-on-physical-function-in-nursing-home-residents-older-than-65years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Mirjana Kocic, Zorica Stojanovic, Dejan Nikolic, Milica Lazovic, Rade Grbic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Marina Milenkovic
AIM: To examine whether the 6-months group-based Otago exercise program is more effective than usual care on physical function and functional independence in nursing home residents older than 65 years. METHODS: An observer-blind randomized controlled study included 77 independently walking, cognitively unimpaired residents aged 78.4±7.6years, of which 66.2% were female. Physical function was assessed at baseline, after 3 and 6months of the Otago exercise program by three performance tests: Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Chair Rising Test (CRT), and functional independence by the motor Functional Independence Measure (mFIM)...
December 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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