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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150382/changes-in-fall-risk-and-functional-status-in-women-aged-50-years-and-older-after-distal-radius-fracture-a-prospective-1-year-follow-up-study
#1
Katie Crockett, Jonathan P Farthing, Jenny Basran, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Geoffrey Johnston, Charlene R A Haver, Catherine M Arnold
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the course of recovery after distal radius fracture (DRF) when functional decline and fracture risk may be affected. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to determine changes in overall functional status over the first year after a DRF in women aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Seventy-eight women were assessed for balance, balance confidence, lower extremity strength, gait speed, fall history, physical activity levels, and self-reported wrist pain and function (Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation) at weeks 1, 3, 9, 12, 26, and 52 after DRF...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148138/artificial-walking-technologies-to-improve-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-multichannel-neuromuscular-stimulation
#2
Jessica Rose, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Erin E Butler
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability and often results in debilitating walking abnormalities, such as flexed-knee and stiff-knee gait. Current medical and surgical treatments are only partially effective in improving gait abnormalities and may cause significant muscle weakness. However, emerging artificial walking technologies, such as step-initiated, multichannel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), can substantially improve gait patterns and promote muscle strength in children with spastic CP...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148070/growth-factors-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-mixed-treatment-comparison-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#3
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
AIMS: Topical growth factors accelerate wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Due to the absence of head to head comparisons, we carried out Bayesian network meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of growth factors. METHODS: Using an appropriate search strategy, randomized controlled trials on topical growth factors compared with standard of care in patients with DFU, were included. Proportion of patients with complete healing was the primary outcome...
November 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140167/intra-tester-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-a-hip-abductor-eccentric-strength-test
#4
Richard A Brindle, D David Ebaugh, Clare E Milner
CONTEXT: Side-lying hip abductor strength tests are commonly used to evaluate muscle strength. In a 'break' test the tester applies sufficient force to lower the limb to the table while the patient resists. The peak force is postulated to occur while the leg is lowering, thus representing the participant's eccentric muscle strength. However, it is unclear whether peak force occurs before or after the leg begins to lower. OBJECTIVES: To determine intra-rater reliability and construct validity of a hip abductor eccentric strength test...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135646/foot-structure-and-function-in-habitually-barefoot-and-shod-adolescents-in-kenya
#5
Herje Aibast, Paul Okutoyi, Timothy Sigei, Walter Adero, Danny Chemjor, Neford Ongaro, Noriyuki Fuku, Kenn Konstabel, Carol Clark, Daniel E Lieberman, Yannis Pitsiladis
Habitually barefoot (HB) children from the Kalenjin tribe of Kenya are known for their high physical activity levels. To date, there has been no comprehensive assessment of foot structure and function in these highly active and HB children/adolescents and link with overuse injuries. PURPOSE: The aim of this research is to assess foot structure, foot function, injury and physical activity levels in Kenyan children and adolescents who are HB compared with those who were habitually shod (HS)...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134470/the-effect-of-long-term-confinement-and-the-efficacy-of-exercise-countermeasures-on-muscle-strength-during-a-simulated-mission-to-mars-data-from-the-mars500-study
#6
Christopher J Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov, David A Green
BACKGROUND: Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We aimed to explore the effect of musculoskeletal deconditioning on three outcome measures: (1) if lower limb muscle strength was reduced during the 520-day isolation; (2) if type I or II muscle fibres were differentially affected; and (3) whether any 70-day exercise interventions prevented any isolation-induced loss of strength...
November 13, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133972/the-relationship-between-the-physical-cost-index-and-knee-extensor-strength-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#7
Kenji Takaki, Yasuaki Kusumoto
[Purpose] Lower extremity strength is a contributing factor to energy efficiency of gait. However, this contribution has not previously been evaluated in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between energy consumption, measured by the physical cost index (PCI), and strength of lower extremity, measured by the maximum knee extensor strength (MKES), in children with hemiplegic CP. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 10 children (4 males and 6 females; age, 7-17 years) with hemiplegic CP, but no history of orthopedic intervention or botulinum toxin treatment over the 1 year prior to the assessment...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130046/a-comparison-of-the-device-related-complications-of-intramedullary-lengthening-nails-using-a-new-classification-system
#8
Dong Hoon Lee, Sungmin Kim, Jung Woo Lee, Hoon Park, Tae Yoon Kim, Hyun Woo Kim
The purpose of this study was to understand the pros and cons of the lengthening nails which have their own mechanical mechanism; we propose a classification for "device-related complications" arising from mechanical properties of the nail itself. From March 2010 to March 2014, 115 segments of lower limb lengthening were performed using intramedullary lengthening nails (35 ISKD, 34 PRECICE1, and 46 PRECICE2). Device-related complications were sorted into three categories according to a new classification: distraction control-related (type I), stability related (type II), and other device-related (type III); these were subdivided using Paley's concept of problems (a), obstacles (b), and sequel (c)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112054/lower-extremity-stiffness-considerations-for-testing-performance-enhancement-and-injury-risk
#9
Jon Brazier, Sean Maloney, Chris Bishop, Paul J Read, Anthony N Turner
Brazier, J, Maloney, S, Bishop, C, Read, PJ, and Turner, AN. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Force-deformation characteristics of the lower limb have been associated with athletic performance and may modulate the risk of injury. Despite these known associations, measurements of lower extremity stiffness are not commonly administered by strength and conditioning coaches. This review provides an overview of the available literature pertaining to the effects of lower extremity stiffness on physical performance and injury risk...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111631/physical-performance-characteristics-between-male-and-female-youth-surfing-athletes
#10
Bruno A Ferreira da Silva, Filipe M Clemente
BACKGRAUND: Despite some knowledge about the fitness levels of elite surfers, there is limited published research examining gender differences, particularly in young athletes. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the sex differences in physical performance characteristics of elite youth surfers. It was also aimed to study the association between physical performance variables. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective study was based on a total of twenty male and female youth surfers performed a battery of physical performance tests: anthropometrics, weight-bearing dorsiflexion test, Functional Movement Screen, lower extremity dynamic stability, lower limb dynamic strength, paddling and apnea test...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107727/severe-spinal-cord-compression-by-a-pure-giant-intradural-schwannoma-of-the-cervical-spine
#11
Javier Quillo-Olvera, Guang-Xun Lin, Jin-Sung Kim
A 73-year-old man with progressive quadriparesis, six months of evolution. Physical examination showed decreased strength at upper and lower limbs together with an increase in osteotendinous reflexes with Babinski sign. Upon radiological investigation, MRI revealed a tumor at C3-T2 with a severe ventrolateral displacement of the spinal cord (Figure 1). The patient underwent surgery for gross total resection of the lesion. Histopathologic findings reported a schwannoma. (Figure 2). Muscular strength of the limbs improved three months after surgery, and the patient was able to walk without assistance...
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099523/a-potential-strategy-for-counteracting-age-related-sarcopenia-preliminary-evidence-of-combined-exercise-training-and-leucine-supplementation
#12
Z Xia, J M Cholewa, Y Zhao, Y Yang, H Shang, H Jiang, Q Su, N E Zanchi
Previous research has demonstrated the positive effects of concurrent/combined aerobic and resistance exercise or leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and hypertrophy in aging organisms. However, the effects of a multimodal intervention which combines both aerobic and resistance exercise and leucine supplementation has not been fully elucidated. Eighteen month old and 2 month old C57BL/6 mice were assigned to aging control (AC, n = 8), aging and multimodal intervention (AMI, n = 8) and young control (YC, n = 8)...
November 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#13
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090654/the-twist-algorithm-predicts-time-to-walking-independently-after-stroke
#14
Marie-Claire Smith, P Alan Barber, Cathy M Stinear
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The likelihood of regaining independent walking after stroke is of concern to patients and their families and influences hospital discharge planning. The objective of this study was to explore factors that could be combined in an algorithm for predicting whether and when a patient will walk independently after stroke. METHODS: Adults with new lower limb weakness were recruited within 3 days of having a stroke. Clinical assessment, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and magnetic resonance imaging were completed 1 to 2 weeks poststroke...
October 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083355/neuromuscular-recovery-in-acl-reconstruction-with-bone-tendon-patellar-bone-and-semitendinosus-gracilis-autograft
#15
Andrea Pasquini, Marco Jacopetti, Francesco Pogliacomi, Ileana Ramazzina, Cosimo Costantino
OBJECTIVE: Several different types of grafts have been used in ACL rupture. The purpose of the study was to compare the recovery of lower limbs muscle strength and proprioception in athletes, who underwent ACL reconstruction with Bone-Patellar-Tendon-Bone (BPTB) versus semitendinosus and gracilis (HS) autografts. METHODS: We enrolled 30 male amateur athletes. Each patient was evaluated by isokinetic test, triaxial accelerometer test and balance test with stabilometric platform...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079030/a-3-item-sarc-f
#16
Jean Woo, Ruby Yu, Jason Leung
OBJECTIVES: To examine individual items of the SARC-F in predicting adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Community-dwelling older people in Hong Kong SAR China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4000 men and women aged 65 years and over, stratified in 3 age groups (65-69, 70-74, 75+ years of age). MEASUREMENTS: Information was collected by questionnaire, on sociodemographic details, lifestyle habits, cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination, depression using the Geriatric Depression Scale, SARC-F, and physical limitation in daily activities...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076609/effects-of-home-based-lower-limb-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-functional-status-in-stable-copd-patients
#17
Yi Chen, Mei'e Niu, Xiuqin Zhang, Hongying Qian, Anwei Xie, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of home-based lower limb resistance training (LLRT) in patients with stable COPD. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD patients has been substantially investigated, but the rehabilitation components differ among studies. Few works have focused on home-based LLRT. Furthermore, few studies have assessed muscle strength and functional status by isokinetic/isometric extensor muscle peak torque (PT) and five-repetition sit-to-stand test (FTSST), respectively...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075344/efficacy-of-cerebrolysin-in-the-reduction-of-spasticity-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#18
R M Martinez
AIM: This study assessed the efficacy of Cerebrolysin on post-stroke spasticity, motor recovery, and global functions in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. METHODS: In this retrospective comparison study, Cerebrolysin was administered at a daily dosage of 10 ml for over 30 days as an intramuscular injection. Control patients did not receive Cerebrolysin. All the patients participated in a standardized physical and occupational rehabilitation therapy for one month at least two times per week...
July 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069548/evidence-of-homologous-and-heterologous-effects-after-unilateral-leg-training-in-youth
#19
Aymen Ben Othman, David G Behm, Anis Chaouachi
The positive effects of unilateral training on contralateral muscles (cross education) has been demonstrated with adults for over a century. There is limited evidence for cross education of heterologous muscles. Cross education has not been demonstrated with children. It was the objective of this study to investigate cross education training in children examining ipsilateral and contralateral homologous and heterologous muscles. Forty-eight male children (10-13 years) were assessed for unilateral, ipsilateral and contralateral lower limb strength, power and endurance (1 repetition maximum (RM) leg press, knee extensors (KE) and flexors (KF) maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC), countermovement jump (CMJ), muscle endurance test (leg press repetitions with 60% 1RM)), and upper body unilateral MVIC elbow flexors (EF) and handgrip strength...
October 25, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069023/stair-negotiation-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#20
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco J Domínguez-Muñoz, Pedro R Olivares, José C Adsuar, Narcis Gusi
Walking up and down stairs is a common and important activity of daily living. Women with fibromyalgia often show a reduced ability to perform this task.The objective of this study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of stair negotiation tasks and to assess the impact of fibromyalgia symptoms on the ability to negotiate stairs.Forty-two women with fibromyalgia participated in this descriptive correlational study. The relevance of the stair negotiation (both walking up and down) was evaluated by assessing its association with the revised version of the fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ-R) and other health-related variables...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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