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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634547/kinesiophobia-pain-muscle-functions-and-functional-performances-among-older-persons-with-low-back-pain
#1
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
OBJECTIVES: This study aims (1) to determine the association between kinesiophobia and pain, muscle functions, and functional performances and (2) to determine whether kinesiophobia predicts pain, muscle functions, and functional performance among older persons with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This is a correlational study, involving 63 institutionalized older persons (age = 70.98 ± 7.90 years) diagnosed with LBP. Anthropometric characteristics (BMI) and functional performances (lower limb function, balance and mobility, and hand grip strength) were measured...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629975/anatomical-and-functional-properties-of-the-foot-and-leg-representation-in-areas-3b-1-and-2-of-primary-somatosensory-cortex-in-humans-a-7t-fmri-study
#2
Michel Akselrod, Roberto Martuzzi, Andrea Serino, Wietske van der Zwaag, Roger Gassert, Olaf Blanke
Primary somatosensory cortex (S1) processes somatosensory information and is composed of multiple subregions. In particular, tactile information from the skin is encoded in three subregions, namely Brodmann areas (BAs) 3b, 1 and 2, with each area representing a complete map of the contralateral body. Although, much is known about the somatotopic organization of the hand in human S1, less research has been carried out regarding the somatotopic maps of the foot and leg in S1. Moreover, a latero-medial S1 organization along the superior part of the postcentral gyrus has been reported when moving from hip to toes, yet to date there is no study investigating leg/foot maps within the different subregions of S1...
June 16, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622081/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-professional-women-football-players-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#3
Bruno Archiza, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso, José Carlos Bonjorno, Cláudio Ricardo de Oliveira, Paula Angélica Ricci, André Capaldo do Amaral, Stela Márcia Mattiello, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Shane A Phillips, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
This study was conducted to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory and peripheral muscles oxygenation during a maximal exercise tolerance test and on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) performance in professional women football players. Eighteen athletes were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: SHAM (n = 8) or IMT (n = 10). After a maximal incremental exercise test, all participants performed (on a different day) a time-to-exhaustion (Tlim) test. Peripheral and respiratory muscles oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy, breath-by-breath ventilatory and metabolic variables, and blood lactate concentration were measured...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621488/effects-of-intradialytic-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-strength-and-muscle-architecture-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-failure-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Jociane Schardong, Thiago Dipp, Camila Bassani Bozzeto, Marília Godoy da Silva, Gabriela Leivas Baldissera, Raíssa de Castro Ribeiro, Bruna Pan Valdemarca, Alexandre Severo do Pinho, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle strength and architecture, functional capacity, and endothelial function in patients with chronic kidney failure (CKF) on hemodialysis (HD). Twenty-one patients with CKF on HD were randomized into a control group (CG; n = 10) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation group (NMESG; n = 11) who received NMES in the quadriceps muscle for 8 weeks, 3 times/week (20-34 min) during HD sessions. The muscle strength of the lower limbs was evaluated by dynamometry and sit-and-stand test (SST); muscle architecture through ultrasonography; functional capacity by the distance covered in a 6-min walk test and the endothelial function by flow-mediated dilatation technique of the brachial artery...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619087/longitudinal-estimation-of-intramuscular-tibialis-anterior-coherence-during-subacute-spinal-cord-injury-relationship-with-neurophysiological-functional-and-clinical-outcome-measures
#5
Elisabeth Bravo-Esteban, Julian Taylor, Manuel Aleixandre, Cristina Simón-Martínez, Diego Torricelli, Jose Luis Pons, Gerardo Avila-Martín, Iriana Galán-Arriero, Julio Gómez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Estimation of surface intramuscular coherence has been used to indirectly assess pyramidal tract activity following spinal cord injury (SCI), especially within the 15-30 Hz bandwidth. However, change in higher frequency (>40 Hz) muscle coherence during SCI has not been characterised. Thus, the objective of this study was to identify change of high and low frequency intramuscular Tibialis Anterior (TA) coherence during incomplete subacute SCI. METHODS: Fifteen healthy subjects and 22 subjects with motor incomplete SCI (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale, AIS, C or D grade) were recruited and tested during 4 sessions performed at 2-week intervals up to 8 months after SCI...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618190/relation-between-upper-limb-muscle-strength-with-exercise-capacity-quality-of-life-and-dyspnea-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Dicle Kaymaz, İpek Çaylı Candemir, Pınar Ergün, Neşe Demir, Filiz Taşdemir, Pervin Demir
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), skeletal muscle weakness is characterized by reduced muscle strength, reduced muscle endurance, and the presence of muscle fatigue, especially in the lower limbs; there has been little research into upper limb skeletal muscles. In this study we aimed to investigate the relation of upper limb muscle strength with pulmonary function, exercise capacity, quality of life, and dyspnea sensation. METHODS: Eigthy-eight patients (89...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612890/technology-in-rehabilitation-comparing-personalised-and-global-classification-methodologies-in-evaluating-the-squat-exercise-with-wearable-imus
#7
Martin A O'Reilly, Darragh Whelan, Tomás E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: The barbell squat is a popularly used lower limb rehabilitation exercise. It is also an integral exercise in injury risk screening protocols. To date athlete/patient technique has been assessed using expensive laboratory equipment or subjective clinical judgement; both of which are not without shortcomings. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) may offer a low cost solution for the objective evaluation of athlete/patient technique. However, it is not yet known if global classification techniques are effective in identifying naturally occurring, minor deviations in barbell squat technique...
June 14, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608438/a-randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-targeted-nutrition-as-adjunct-to-exercise-training-in-copd
#8
Coby van de Bool, Erica P A Rutten, Ardy van Helvoort, Frits M E Franssen, Emiel F M Wouters, Annemie M W J Schols
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the efficacy of nutritional supplementation to enhance exercise training responses in COPD patients with low muscle mass is limited. The objective was to study if nutritional supplementation targeting muscle derangements enhances outcome of exercise training in COPD patients with low muscle mass. METHODS: Eighty-one COPD patients with low muscle mass, admitted to out-patient pulmonary rehabilitation, randomly received oral nutritional supplementation, enriched with leucine, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids (NUTRITION) or PLACEBO as adjunct to 4 months supervised high intensity exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608135/can-proportional-ventilation-modes-facilitate-exercise-in-critically-ill-patients-a-physiological-cross-over-study-pressure-support-versus-proportional-ventilation-during-lower-limb-exercise-in-ventilated-critically-ill-patients
#9
Evangelia Akoumianaki, Nicolas Dousse, Aissam Lyazidi, Jean-Claude Lefebvre, Severine Graf, Ricardo Luiz Cordioli, Nathalie Rey, Jean-Christophe Marie Richard, Laurent Brochard
BACKGROUND: Early exercise of critically ill patients may have beneficial effects on muscle strength, mass and systemic inflammation. During pressure support ventilation (PSV), a mismatch between demand and assist could increase work of breathing and limit exercise. A better exercise tolerance is possible with a proportional mode of ventilation (Proportional Assist Ventilation, PAV+ and Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist, NAVA). We examined whether, in critically ill patients, PSV and proportional ventilation have different effects on respiratory muscles unloading and work efficiency during exercise...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603361/validity-of-using-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-to-measure-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-preschool-children
#10
Kanako Fujii, Akiko Ishizaki, Ayano Ogawa, Takuya Asami, Hyosong Kwon, Akinobu Tanaka, Noboru Sekiya, Shouji Hironaka
[Purposes] Although it is recommended to develop a habit of physical activities, there is no easy way to measure skeletal muscle mass in preschool children, which cause the difficulty of evaluation. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of body composition including the skeletal muscle mass assessment using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis by comparing body fat mass obtained by using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis method and body mass index formulas. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety-four children were surveyed for age, height, weight, grip strength, maximum occlusal force, thickness of muscle and fat mass (masseter and lower limb), body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, and calf circumference...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601268/the-efficacy-of-crotalidae-polyvalent-immune-fab-ovine-antivenom-versus-placebo-plus-optional-rescue%C3%A2-therapy-on-recovery-from-copperhead-snake-envenomation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Charles J Gerardo, Eugenia Quackenbush, Brandon Lewis, S Rutherfoord Rose, Spencer Greene, Eric A Toschlog, Nathan P Charlton, Michael E Mullins, Richard Schwartz, David Denning, Kapil Sharma, Kurt Kleinschmid, Sean P Bush, Samantha Ryan, Maria Gasior, Victoria E Anderson, Eric J Lavonas
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Copperhead snake (Agkistrodon contortrix) envenomation causes limb injury resulting in pain and disability. It is not known whether antivenom administration improves limb function. We determine whether administration of antivenom improves recovery from limb injury in patients envenomated by copperhead snakes. METHODS: From August 2013 through November 2015, we performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial to evaluate the effect of ovine Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) (CroFab; FabAV) antivenom therapy on recovery of limb function in patients with copperhead snake envenomation at 14 days postenvenomation...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595864/hip-strength-and-star-excursion-balance-test-deficits-of-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#12
Ryan S McCann, Ian D Crossett, Masafumi Terada, Kyle B Kosik, Brenn A Bolding, Phillip A Gribble
OBJECTIVES: To examine isometric hip strength in those with and without CAI, and determine the degree of Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) variance explained by isometric hip strength. DESIGN: Single-blinded, cross-sectional, case-control study. METHODS: Thirty individuals with CAI, 29 lateral ankle sprain (LAS) copers, and 26 healthy controls participated. We assessed dynamic postural control with the SEBT anterior (SEBT-ANT), posteromedial (SEBT-PM), and posterolateral (SEBT-PL) reaches, and isometric hip extension (EXT), abduction (ABD) and external rotation (ER) strength with hand-held dynamometry...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591338/muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-severe-obesity
#13
Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Roberto de Cleva, Gabriela Correia de Faria Santarém, Paulo Roberto Santos Silva, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurélio Santo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations between maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs and body composition for subjects with severe obesity. METHODS: Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. One hundred thirty-two patients were enrolled (100 females and 32 males). Eighty-seven patients had a body mass index between 40 and 49...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585394/wii-based-exercise-program-to-improve-physical-fitness-motor-proficiency-and-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#14
V Silva, C Campos, A Sá, M Cavadas, J Pinto, P Simões, S Machado, E Murillo-Rodríguez, N Barbosa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) usually display reduced physical fitness (aerobic capacity, muscle strength and abnormal body composition), motor proficiency impairments (balance and postural control) and physical functional limitations. Exergames can be an appealing alternative to enhance exercise engagement and compliance, whilst improving physical fitness and motor function. This study aims to analyse the effects of a Wii-based exercise program on physical fitness, functional mobility and motor proficiency of adults with DS...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580854/changes-in-lower-limb-muscle-function-and-muscle-mass-following-exercise-based-interventions-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-review-of-the-english-language-literature
#15
Jana De Brandt, Martijn A Spruit, Dominique Hansen, Frits Me Franssen, Wim Derave, Maurice Jh Sillen, Chris Burtin
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients often experience lower limb muscle dysfunction and wasting. Exercise-based training has potential to improve muscle function and mass, but literature on this topic is extensive and heterogeneous including numerous interventions and outcome measures. This review uses a detailed systematic approach to investigate the effect of this wide range of exercise-based interventions on muscle function and mass. PUBMED and PEDro databases were searched. In all, 70 studies ( n = 2504 COPD patients) that implemented an exercise-based intervention and reported muscle strength, endurance, or mass in clinically stable COPD patients were critically appraised...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579765/effects-of-a-giant-exercising-board-game-intervention-on-ambulatory-physical-activity-among-nursing-home-residents-a-preliminary-study
#16
Alexandre Mouton, Nicolas Gillet, Flore Mouton, Dave Van Kann, Olivier Bruyère, Marc Cloes, Fanny Buckinx
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a giant (4×3 m) exercising board game intervention on ambulatory physical activity (PA) and a broader array of physical and psychological outcomes among nursing home residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental longitudinal study was carried out in two comparable nursing homes. Ten participants (aged 82.5±6.3 and comprising 6 women) meeting the inclusion criteria took part in the 1-month intervention in one nursing home, whereas 11 participants (aged 89...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579089/muscle-strength-and-force-development-in-high-and-low-functioning-elderly-men-influence-of-muscular-and-neural-factors
#17
Charlotte H Pion, Sébastien Barbat-Artigas, Félix St-Jean-Pelletier, Stéphanie Chevalier, Pierrette Gaudreau, Gilles Gouspillou, José A Morais, Marc Bélanger, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: Aging leads to a loss of muscle strength and functional capacity likely resulting from a combination of neural and muscle alterations. The aim of this study was to identify possible disparities in muscle strength and force development profiles in high- and low-functioning elderly men and to investigate muscular and neurophysiological factors that could explain the differences. METHODS: Sixty community-dwelling men in good general health were divided in two groups based on a functional capacity (FC) z-score derived from 6 tests of the Short Physical Performance Battery and Senior Fitness Test (Normal and fast 4m-walk tests, normal and fast Timed-up and go, chair and stair tests)...
June 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578844/does-the-dual-mobility-hip-prosthesis-produce-better-joint-kinematics-during-extreme-hip-flexion-task
#18
Danilo S Catelli, Erik Kowalski, Paul E Beaulé, Mario Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) using dual-mobility (DM) design permits larger hip range of motion. However, it is unclear how it benefits the patients during activities of daily living. The purpose was to compare kinematic variables of the operated limb between THA patients using either DM or single-bearing (SB) implants during a squat task. METHODS: Twenty-four THA patients were randomly assigned to either a DM or SB implant and matched to 12 healthy controls (CTRLs)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574601/explosive-and-maximal-strength-before-and-6-months-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-explosive-strength-before-and-after-tha
#19
Bernd Friesenbichler, Nicola C Casartelli, Vanessa Wellauer, Julia F Item-Glatthorn, Stephen J Ferguson, Michael Leunig, Nicola A Maffiuletti
Patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis experience impairments in lower limb muscle function due to pain and disuse of the affected limb. The influence of hip osteoarthritis and subsequent total hip arthroplasty (THA) has mostly been evaluated by maximal strength tests, yet the functionally important explosive strength capabilities of hip and knee muscles are largely unknown. We aimed to evaluate hip and knee explosive and maximal strength in hip osteoarthritis patients before and after THA. 21 patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis were evaluated before and 6 months after THA...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571696/functional-electrical-stimulation-improves-muscle-strength-and-endurance-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jociane Schardong, Gabriela Castro Kuinchtner, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Antônio Marcos Vargas da Silva
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) has shown benefits in patients with chronic heart failure. Therefore, it is possible that FES can benefit patients similarly after cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: This randomized placebo-controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effects of FES on lower limb functional capacity, strength, endurance, and muscle mass after discharge from cardiac surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients were allocated (1:1) to the group receiving FES to the quadriceps (FESG) or FES placebo (FESPG)...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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