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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918668/the-influence-of-changes-in-acute-training-load-on-daily-sensitivity-of-morning-measured-fatigue-variables-in-elite-soccer-players
#1
Robin T Thorpe, Anthony J Strudwick, Martin Buchheit, Greg Atkinson, Barry Drust, Warren Gregson
PURPOSE: To determine the sensitivity of a range of potential fatigue measures to daily training load accumulated over the previous two, three and four days during a short in-season competitive period in elite senior soccer players (n=10). METHODS: Total high-speed running distance, perceived ratings of wellness (fatigue, muscle soreness, sleep quality), counter-movement jump height (CMJ), submaximal heart rate (HRex), post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV: Ln rMSSD) were analysed during an in-season competitive period (17 days)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916799/pre-sleep-protein-ingestion-to-improve-the-skeletal-muscle-adaptive-response-to-exercise-training
#2
REVIEW
Jorn Trommelen, Luc J C van Loon
Protein ingestion following resistance-type exercise stimulates muscle protein synthesis rates, and enhances the skeletal muscle adaptive response to prolonged resistance-type exercise training. As the adaptive response to a single bout of resistance exercise extends well beyond the first couple of hours of post-exercise recovery, recent studies have begun to investigate the impact of the timing and distribution of protein ingestion during more prolonged recovery periods. Recent work has shown that overnight muscle protein synthesis rates are restricted by the level of amino acid availability...
November 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911915/marathon-race-affects-neutrophil-surface-molecules-role-of-inflammatory-mediators
#3
Vinicius Coneglian Santos, Ana Paula Renno Sierra, Rodrigo Oliveira, Kim Guimarães Caçula, César Miguel Momesso, Fabio Takeo Sato, Maysa Braga Barros Silva, Heloisa Helena Oliveira, Maria Elizabeth Pereira Passos, Diego Ribeiro de Souza, Olivia Santos Gondim, Marino Benetti, Adriana Cristina Levada-Pires, Nabil Ghorayeb, Maria Augusta Peduti Dal Molin Kiss, Renata Gorjão, Tânia Cristina Pithon-Curi, Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura
The fatigue induced by marathon races was observed in terms of inflammatory and immunological outcomes. Neutrophil survival and activation are essential for inflammation resolution and contributes directly to the pathogenesis of many infectious and inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of marathon races on surface molecules related to neutrophil adhesion and extrinsic apoptosis pathway and its association with inflammatory markers. We evaluated 23 trained male runners at the São Paulo International Marathon 2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909230/the-protective-role-of-sex-hormones-in-females-and-exercise-prehabilitation-in-males-on-sternotomy-induced-cranial-hypoperfusion-in-aortic-banded-mini-swine
#4
T Dylan Olver, Jessica A Hiemstra, Jenna C Edwards, Brian S Ferguson, Harold Laughlin, Craig A Emter
During cardiac surgery, specifically sternotomy, cranial hypoperfusion is linked to cerebral ischemia, increased risk of perioperative watershed stroke and other neurocognitive complications. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively examine the effect of sex hormones in females and exercise prehabilitation in males on median sternotomy-induced changes in cranial perfusion in a large animal model of heart failure. Cranial blood flow (CBF) before, 10- and 60 min post-sternotomy was analyzed in eight groups of Yucatan mini-swine: female-control, aortic-banded, ovariectomized, and ovariectomized+aortic-banded; male-control, aortic-banded, aortic-banded+continuous exercise trained, and aortic-banded+interval exercise trained...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898744/pre-exercise-hyperpnea-attenuates-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-without-affecting-performance
#5
Philipp A Eichenberger, Thomas A Scherer, Christina M Spengler
Whole-body warm-up exercises were shown to attenuate exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Whether intense pre-exercise hyperpnea offers similar protection and whether this might negatively affect exercise performance is unknown. Nine subjects with EIB (25±5 yrs; forced expiratory volume in 1s [FEV1], 104±15% predicted) performed an exercise challenge (ECh) followed-after 30min-by a constant-load cycling test to exhaustion. The ECh was preceded by one of four conditions: by i) control warm-up (CON) or by 10min of normocapnic hyperpnea with partial rebreathing at either ii) 50% (WU50) or iii) variable intensity (8x 30s-80%/45s-30%; WU80/30), or at iv) 70% (WU70) of maximal voluntary ventilation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895592/effects-of-six-months-training-on-physical-capacity-and-metaboreflex-activity-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Sara Magnani, Sergio Olla, Massimiliano Pau, Girolamo Palazzolo, Filippo Tocco, Azzurra Doneddu, Maura Marcelli, Andrea Loi, Federica Corona, Francesco Corona, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria G Marrosu, Alberto Concu, Eleonora Cocco, Elisabetta Marongiu, Antonio Crisafulli
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have an increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR) response during the metaboreflex. It has been hypothesized that this is the consequence of a sedentary lifestyle secondary to MS. The purpose of this study was to discover whether a 6-month training program could reverse this hemodynamic dysregulation. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following two groups: the intervention group (MSIT, n = 11), who followed an adapted training program; and the control group (MSCTL, n = 10), who continued with their sedentary lifestyle...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895542/effect-of-tart-cherry-juice-on-recovery-and-next-day-performance-in-well-trained-water-polo-players
#7
Rachel McCormick, Peter Peeling, Martyn Binnie, Brian Dawson, Marc Sim
BACKGROUND: Tart Montmorency cherries contain high concentrations of phytochemicals and anthocyanins, which have recently been linked to improved athletic recovery and subsequent performance. To date however, previous work reporting promising results has focused on land-based endurance sports, with any potential benefits to team sports remaining unknown. As such, this investigation set-out to examine the effect of supplemental tart cherry juice (CJ) on recovery and next day athletic performance in highly-trained water-based team sport athletes over seven days...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881152/fitness-and-mobility-training-in-patients-with-intensive-care-unit-acquired-muscle-weakness-fitonicu-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Jane H Burridge, André Schmidt, Bettina Scheffler, Ralph Schellin, Stefan Rückriem, Daniel Meißner, Katja Mehrholz, Wolfgang Sauter, Ulf Bodechtel, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and polyneuropathy (CIP) are a common complication of critical illness. Both cause intensive-care-unit-acquired (ICU-acquired) muscle weakness (ICUAW) which increases morbidity and delays rehabilitation and recovery of activities of daily living such as walking ability. Focused physical rehabilitation of people with ICUAW is, therefore, of great importance at both an individual and a societal level. A recent systematic Cochrane review found no randomised controlled trials (RCT), and thus no supporting evidence, for physical rehabilitation interventions for people with defined CIP and CIM to improve activities of daily living...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869661/an-exploratory-investigation-of-endotoxin-levels-in-novice-long-distance-triathletes-and-the-effects-of-a-multi-strain-probiotic-prebiotic-antioxidant-intervention
#9
Justin D Roberts, Craig A Suckling, Georgia Y Peedle, Joseph A Murphy, Tony G Dawkins, Michael G Roberts
Gastrointestinal (GI) ischemia during exercise is associated with luminal permeability and increased systemic lipopolysaccharides (LPS). This study aimed to assess the impact of a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant intervention on endotoxin unit levels and GI permeability in recreational athletes. Thirty healthy participants (25 males, 5 females) were randomly assigned either a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant (LAB⁴ANTI; 30 billion CFU·day(-1) containing 10 billion CFU·day(-1)Lactobacillus acidophilus CUL-60 (NCIMB 30157), 10 billion CFU·day(-1)Lactobacillus acidophillus CUL-21 (NCIMB 30156), 9...
November 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869113/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fat-mass-parameters-in-adolescents
#10
Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timón, Guillermo Olcina
OBJECTIVE: Childhood and adolescence are key to the development of chronic disease stages, the distribution of fat an important factor in this regard. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on fat parameters of a high intensity program developed in adolescents during physical education classes. METHODS: In 2013, 35 school-age children of Cáceres taken part in this study divided into two groups. The high-intensity group performed for 8 weeks, 4-6 sets of 20 seconds at maximal intensity with a ratio effort / recovery of 1: 3 to 1: 1...
November 21, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867360/inflammatory-cytokines-and-bdnf-response-to-high-intensity-intermittent-exercise-effect-the-exercise-volume
#11
Carolina Cabral-Santos, Carlos I M Castrillón, Rodolfo A T Miranda, Paula A Monteiro, Daniela S Inoue, Eduardo Z Campos, Peter Hofmann, Fábio S Lira
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two similar high-intensity intermittent exercises (HIIE) but different volume 1.25 km (HIIE1.25) and 2.5 km (HIIE2.5) on inflammatory and BDNF responses. Ten physically active male subjects (age 25.22 ± 1.74 years, body mass 78.98 ± 7.31 kg, height 1.78 ± 0.06 m, VO2peak 59.94 ± 9.38 ml·kg·min(-1)) performed an incremental treadmill exercise test and randomly completed two sessions of HIIE on a treadmill (1:1 min at vVO2max with passive recovery)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862675/the-physiotherapist-and-the-esophageal-cancer-patient-from-prehabilitation-to-rehabilitation
#12
REVIEW
E M Guinan, J Dowds, C Donohoe, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy often treated with multimodal interventions and complex surgical resection. As treatment moves to centers of excellence with emphasis on enhanced recovery approaches, the role of the physiotherapist has expanded. The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale behind both the evolving prehabilitative role of the physiotherapist and more established postoperative interventions for patients with esophageal cancer. While a weak association between preoperative cardiopulmonary fitness and post-esophagectomy outcome is reported, cardiotoxicity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may heighten postoperative risk...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861911/metabolism-of-ketone-bodies-during-exercise-and-training-physiological-basis-for-exogenous-supplementation
#13
Mark Evans, Karl E Cogan, Brendan Egan
Optimising training and performance through nutrition strategies is central to supporting elite sportspeople, much of which has focussed on manipulating the relative intake of carbohydrate and fat and their contributions as fuels for energy provision. The ketone bodies, namely acetoacetate, acetone, and β-hydroxybutyrate (βHB), are produced in the liver during conditions of reduced carbohydrate availability and serve as an alternative fuel source for peripheral tissues including brain, heart and skeletal muscle...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858724/the-effect-of-combined-therapies-on-recovery-after-acquired-brain-injury-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies-combining-enriched-environment-exercise-or-task-specific-training-with-other-therapies
#14
Hana Malá, Camilla Pihl Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injuries (ABI) have devastating effects for the affected individual as well as society. Many studies have investigated the effect of different monotherapies. However, functional recovery is typically only partial. One possible strategy to promote a greater degree of recovery is to apply monotherapies in combination with one or more treatments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate if approaches combining enriched environment (EE), exercise, or task-specific training with other monotherapies, further enhance the degree of recovery after ABI...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857048/myocardial-scarring-after-repair-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-pulmonary-artery
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Prognosis of patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from pulmonary artery has dramatically improved as a result of both, early diagnosis and improvements in surgical techniques. Post surgical complications are rare and most patients show quick improvement of the left ventricular performance after repair with complete functional recovery within one year after surgery. Exercise-induced electrocardiographic changes have been found in patients postoperatively and scars and perfusion deficits of the left ventricle may not be detected by standard echocardiographic evaluation...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849117/metabolic-responses-to-a-loaded-movement-training-workout
#16
Derek N Vandenbrink, Nicholas J Petrella, Eric V Neufeld, Brett A Dolezal, Daniel P Maclennan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the metabolic demands of functional exercise. We determined the oxygen cost, heart rate (HR) response, and energy expenditure (EE) both during and immediately following a loaded movement training (LMT) workout. METHODS: Ten participants (5 male, age = 23.5 ± 3.7 years, VO2peak = 53.3 ± 6.4 ml∙kg-1∙min- 1) completed baseline resting metabolic rate testing, a maximal oxygen uptake (VO2) test, and a familiarization trial...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846044/impact-of-exercise-intensity-and-duration-on-postexercise-executive-function
#17
Hayato Tsukamoto, Saki Takenaka, Tadashi Suga, Daichi Tanaka, Tatsuya Takeuchi, Takafumi Hamaoka, Tadao Isaka, Takeshi Hashimoto
PURPOSE: The impact of exercise volume represented by exercise intensity and duration on post-exercise executive function (EF) improvement remains unclear. In the present study, involving 2 volume-controlled evaluations, we aimed to compare acute exercise protocols with differing intensities and durations in order to establish an effective exercise protocol for improving EF. METHODS: In study 1, 12 healthy male subjects performed cycle ergometer exercise, based on a low-intensity (LI) protocol for 20 min (LI20), moderate-intensity (MI) protocol for 20 min (MI20), and MI20 volume-matched LI protocol for 40 min (LI40)...
November 11, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836902/active-versus-sedentary-lifestyle-from-weaning-to-adulthood-and-susceptibility-to-ozone-in-rats
#18
Christopher J Gordon, Pamela M Phillips, Allan Ledbetter, Samantha J Snow, M C Schladweiler, Andrew F M Johnstone, Urmilla P Kodavanti
The prevalence of a sedentary (SED) life style combined with calorically rich diets has spurred the rise in childhood obesity which, in turn, translates to adverse health effects in adulthood. Obesity and lack of active (ACT) lifestyle may increase susceptibility to air pollutants. We housed 22 day-old female Long-Evans rats in a cage without (SED) or with a running wheel (ACT). After 10 weeks the rats ran 310 ± 16.3 km (SEM). Responses of SED and ACT rats to whole-body O3 (0, 0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 ppm; 5 hr/day for 2 days) was assessed...
November 11, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836300/methods-of-assessment-of-the-post-exercise-cardiac-autonomic-recovery-a-methodological-review
#19
REVIEW
Tiago Peçanha, Rhenan Bartels, Leandro C Brito, Marcelle Paula-Ribeiro, Ricardo S Oliveira, Jeffrey J Goldberger
The analysis of post-exercise cardiac autonomic recovery is a practical clinical tool for the assessment of cardiovascular health. A reduced heart rate recovery - an indicator of autonomic dysfunction - has been found in a broad range of cardiovascular diseases and has been associated with increased risks of both cardiac and all-cause mortality. For this reason, over the last several years, non-invasive methods for the assessment of cardiac autonomic recovery after exercise - either based on heart rate recovery or heart rate variability indices - have been proposed...
October 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834290/altered-muscle-satellite-cell-activation-following-16-weeks-of-resistance-training-in-young-men
#20
Joshua P Nederveen, Tim Snijders, Sophie Joanisse, Christopher G Wavell, Cameron J Mitchell, Leeann M Johnston, Steven K Baker, Stuart M Phillips, Gianni Parise
Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SC) play an important role in muscle adaptation. In untrained individuals, SC content and activation status has been observed to increase in response to a single bout of exercise. Muscle fiber characteristics change considerably when resistance exercise is performed chronically, but whether training status affects the activity of SC in response to a single bout of exercise remains unknown. We examined the changes in SC content and activation status following a single bout of resistance exercise, prior to and following a 16wk progressive resistance training (RT) program in fourteen young (25±3yr) men...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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