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Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
M Lydia Rajakumari, P Saravana Kumari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Candida in the buccal cavity of diabetic and non-diabetic individuals in and around Pondicherry, India and to analyse the antifungal susceptibility profile of the selected isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 buccal samples, 200 each from diabetic and non-diabetic healthy individuals were included in the study. Sabouraud's dextrose agar was used for isolation of Candida species...
September 2, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Ankita Das, Mailan Natarajan, Jharna Mandal
Ciprofloxacin resistant Shigella sonnei across the globe have been increasing alarmingly. In order to understand the emergence of S.sonnei with respect to ciprofloxacin resistance in our patient population, the following study was carried out. Of the 184 Shigella sp. Isolated from 2012 to 2015, 34 S.sonnei which were confirmed by standard methods and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing were selected. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 16/34 quinolone resistant isolates tested ranged from 4micrograms/ml to 16micrograms/ml for ciprofloxacin, from 16 micrograms/ml to 64 micrograms/ml for ofloxacin and from 16micrograms/ml to 64micrograms/ml for levofloxacin...
2016: PloS One
P Karthikeyan, S Vijayasundaram, Davis Thomas Pulimoottil
INTRODUCTION: Rhinosporidiosis is an age old endemic scourge which has affected various parts of the world, most notably India and Sri Lanka. Although a large body of literature exists regarding this problem, postoperative recurrence rates continue to vary, and the effect of public health education in the eradication of this disease has not been taken into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the site, presentation and postoperative recurrence rate in patients with rhinosporidiosis...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
P Aubry, B-A Gaüzère
In 1498, the Portuguese crossed the Cape of Good Hope. It was not until the period of 1633 and 1666, dates of the founding, respectively, of the Compagnie de l'Orient and the Compagnie des Indes orientales, that the way was definitively opened for trade between France and India. Because so many sailors developed scurvy after voyages that lasted 4 to 5 months, the French settled on Bourbon Island (Réunion) and Ile de France (Mauritius), to provide them with medical care. Created in 1689 by Louis XIV, the Navy Health Service was responsible for health in the colonies until it was replaced in 1890 by the Colonial Health Service...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Gaurang Gowande, Anurag Mishra, Zeeshan A Mirza
Calotes versicolor Daudin, 1802 is one of the most widespread agamid lizard species which was described without a locality. The type specimen of the species has long been considered lost; however most workers considered Pondicherry as the type locality for the species. Studies by Zug et al. 2006 confirmed that C. versicolor is a complex of multiple species which necessitates fixing type locality and specimen for the species in order to resolve the systematics of the species complex. An adult male from Pondicherry was collected and is here designated as the neotype...
2016: Zootaxa
Georgi Abraham, Madhusudan Vijayan, Natarajan Gopalakrishnan, Sunil Shroff, Joseph Amalorpavanathan, Anand Yuvaraj, Sanjeev Nair, Saravanan Sundarrajan
Renal replacement therapy (RRT) resources are scarce in India, with wide urban-rural and interstate disparities. The burden of end-stage renal disease is expected to increase further due to increasing prevalence of risk factors like diabetes mellitus. Renal transplantation, the best RRT modality, is increasing in popularity, due to improvements made in public education, the deceased donor transplantation (DDT) programme and the availability of free and affordable transplant services in government hospitals and certain non-governmental philanthropic organizations...
June 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
G A Menezes, B N Harish, M A Khan, W Goessens, J P Hays
Enteric fever is a public health problem with the upsurge in the occurrence of Salmonella isolates that are resistant to ciprofloxacin. In this study, a total of 284 blood culture isolates of S. Paratyphi A were investigated. Of these isolates, 281 (98.9%) were nalidixic acid resistant. A high rate (6.3%) of high-level resistance (≥ 4 μg/mL) was found to ciprofloxacin. The isolates with ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ≥ 12 μg/mL had 4 mutations, 2 mutations within the quinolone resistance-determining region of gyrA and 2 mutations also in parC...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Kavasseri L Janaki, Narayanasamy Subbaraju Kannan, M Palaniappan, Partha Nandi
INTRODUCTION: Breast diseases in women, whether benign or malignant, are very commonly encountered. Benign diseases are under reported and cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality in women. This study was undertaken with an aim to study the profile of various breast disease in the community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study all the post pubertal women residing in the selected village (n=1000) were included. The study was done from September 2013 to August 2015...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sibnath Deb, Kevin McGirr, Jiandong Sun
The present study aimed to understand spirituality and its relationships with socioeconomic status (SES), religious background, social support, and mental health among Indian university students. It was hypothesized that (1) female university students will be more spiritual than male university students, (2) four domains of spirituality will differ significantly across socioeconomic and religious background of the university students in addition to social support, and (3) there will be a positive relationship between spirituality and mental health of university students, irrespective of gender...
October 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Senthil Kumar Subramanian, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Vinayathan Arunachalam, Krishnakumar Radhakrishnan, Sarah Ramamurthy
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity in children and adolescents promotes not only their physical health but also improves their cognition. Paper and pencil Neurocognitive tests (NCT) are commonly used to assess the various cognitive domains of a person and can be used as simple tests to assess improvements, if any, in the cognitive abilities of growing adolescents who practice regular physical activity. AIM: To study the effect of six months of structured and unstructured physical activity on cognitive functions in adolescents...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Siddharth Sarkar
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is affected by variables that modulate circadian rhythm, including seasonal variations. There is evidence of a seasonal pattern of admissions of mania in various geographical settings, though its timing varies by region and climate. Variables such as age and gender have been shown to affect seasonality in some studies. METHODOLOGY: Data on monthly admission patterns for mania at a general hospital psychiatry unit in Pondicherry, India, were collected for 4 years (2010-2013) and analyzed for seasonality and seasonal peaks...
2015: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Harsha Pratap, Suma Hottigoudar Yekappa
Abductor hallucis (AH) is an intrinsic muscle of sole of the foot. It is commonly used in the coverage of ankle and heel defects and chronic nonhealing ulcers of the foot; its use is reported to have a favorable long-term outcome. The muscle's apt bulk and size, its simple surgical isolation, absence of donor-site defect, unvaried anatomy, and long neurovascular pedicle are some of the advantages that make it a promising muscle flap. During routine cadaver dissection in the Department of Anatomy of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India, we identified an anatomical variation in AH in both feet of a 45-year-old embalmed male Indian cadaver...
December 1, 2015: Advances in Wound Care
A M Veerakumar, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, S Govindarajan
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is implicated in a wide variety of diseases and disorders including TB. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of alcohol use among the PTB patients registered under RNTCP in urban Pondicherry and the association of various socio-demographic variables with alcohol drinking during treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Nayyar Iqbal, Sudhagar Mookkappan, Aneesh Basheer, Ravichandran Kandasamy
BACKGROUND: Although communication skills are important for a good physician-patient relationship, Indian medical curricula give very little emphasis on training medical students in this aspect. AIMS: To determine the change in communication skills of final-year medical students following focused training. METHODS: This was an educational interventional study done at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India, to assess communication skills among final-year MBBS students...
2015: Australasian Medical Journal
S Jeelani, K Abdul Khader, R Vishwanath Rangdhol, A Dany, Swetha Paulose
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, practice behaviors among general dental practitioners and assess the perception toward oral health by pregnant patients in and around Puducherry. METHODOLOGY: A self-designed and structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the dental practitioner and the pregnant patients. RESULTS: The majority of the dental practitioners had a lack of knowledge, attitude, practice behaviors regarding pregnant patient's oral health and similarly majority of pregnant patient's perception toward oral health was poor...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
U G Shidam, G Roy, S K Sahu, S V Kumar, P H Ananthanarayanan
SETTING: Designated microscopy centre (DMC) attached to a tertiary care centre in Pondicherry, India. OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) the proportion of diabetes mellitus (DM), 2) the additional yield of newly diagnosed DM cases, and 3) the number needed to screen (NNS) to find a new case of DM among presumed TB patients. DESIGN: An institution-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 650 presumed TB patients attending the DMC. Capillary blood glucose was measured using fasting blood sugar and/or oral glucose tolerance test, and evaluated according to the World Health Organization criteria...
October 2015: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Arun Gangadhar Ghorpade, Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, Sonali Sarkar, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) charts have been employed to predict the risk of cardiovascular outcome in heterogeneous settings. The aim of this research is to assess the prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk factors and to estimate the cardiovascular risk among adults aged >40 years, utilizing the risk charts alone, and by the addition of other parameters. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in two of the villages availing health services of a medical college...
August 2015: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Tony Fredrick, Manickam Ponnaiah, Manoj V Murhekar, Yuvaraj Jayaraman, Joseph K David, Selvaraj Vadivoo, Vasna Joshua
In the aftermath of a severe cyclonic storm on 7 January 2012, a cluster of acute diarrhoea cases was reported from two localities in Pondicherry, Southern India. We investigated the outbreak to identify causes and recommend control measures. We defined a case as occurrence of diarrhoea of more than three loose stools per day with or without vomiting in a resident of affected areas during 6-18 January 2012. We used active (door-to-door survey) and stimulated passive (healthy facility-based) surveillance to identify cases...
March 2015: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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