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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670548/dose-modification-of-antidiabetic-agents-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
D C Sharma, Arthur Asirvatham, Parminder Singh
Heart failure is the most common comorbidity of diabetes. The incidence of heart failure in patients with diabetes is about 9%-22%, which is four times higher Than that in patients without diabetes. Heart failure and diabetes are collectively associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared to either condition alone. Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated an increased risk of heart failure in patients with diabetes; moreover, poor glycemic control accounts for the increased risk of heart failure...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658812/factors-associated-with-physical-inactivity-among-adult-urban-population-of-puducherry-india-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ariarathinam Newtonraj, Natesan Murugan, Zile Singh, Ramesh Chand Chauhan, Anandan Velavan, Manikandan Mani
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Increase in physical activity decreases the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes, stroke, and improves psychological wellbeing. AIM: To study the level of physical inactivity among the adult population in an urban area of Puducherry in India and its associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 569 adult participants from an urban area of Pondicherry...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632916/diastasis-of-the-pubic-symphysis-following-vaginal-delivery
#3
Bhumireddy Sujana, Anish Keepanasseril, Dilip K Maurya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611131/a-retrospective-study-on-the-incidence-of-post-cataract-surgery-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-and-outcome-of-air-descemetopexy
#4
Annamalai Odayappan, Narayana Shivananda, Seema Ramakrishnan, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Sivagami Nachiappan, Smitha Krishnamurthy
PURPOSE: To study the anatomic and functional outcome of air descemetopexy in postcataract surgery Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD). DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Setting: Institutional. STUDY POPULATION: Records of 112 patients who underwent air descemetopexy for postcataract surgery sight-threatening DMD at Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, between January 2013 and December 2015 were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anatomical outcome refers to reattachment of the Descemet's membrane (DM)...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601859/media-and-measles-rubella-vaccination-campaign-musings-from-pondicherry
#5
Adhisivam Bethou, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397065/referral-patterns-and-factors-influencing-age-at-admission-of-infants-with-cholestasis-in-india
#6
Gopinathan Mathiyazhagan, Barath Jagadisan
OBJECTIVES: To define the recognition, age at admission, referral time and referral pattern of neonatal cholestasis in India. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted from February 2015 through March 2016 in the Pediatric gastroenterology unit of JIPMER, Pondicherry in infants with cholestasis < 6 mo of age. RESULTS: Among 64 infants, median age of admission was 52 d (IQR 28-63 d). Fifty of sixty four infants (78.1%) came with parent-reported cholestasis-related symptoms of either jaundice alone (57...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208978/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-0-5-bupivacaine-0-5-ropivacaine-and-0-75-ropivacaine-for-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block
#7
Ranjan R Venkatesh, Prabhat Kumar, Ramachandran R Trissur, Sagiev Koshy George
INTRODUCTION: For any surgery in the upper extremity that does not involve the shoulder, a supraclavicular block is preferred, as it is a safe procedure associated with rapid onset and reliable anaesthesia. Although ropivacaine has been extensively studied for epidural anaesthesia, very few reports exist on its use in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. AIM: This study was conducted to investigate and compare the effectiveness of supraclavicular brachial plexus anaesthesia with two different concentrations of ropivacaine (0...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153499/petroleum-hydrocarbon-concentrations-in-marine-sediments-along-nagapattinam-pondicherry-coastal-waters-southeast-coast-of-india
#8
K Kamalakannan, S Balakrishnan, P Sampathkumar
In this present study, petroleum hydrocarbons were statistically analyzed in three different coastal sediment cores viz., (N1, P1 and P2) from the Southeast coast of Tamil Nadu, India to examine the viability of PHCs. The significant positive relationship between mud (silt+clay+sand) and PHC unveiled that high specific surface of area of mud content raise the level of PHCs. Cluster analysis was used to discriminate the sediment samples based on their degree of contamination. The present study shows that instead of expensive and destructive PHC chemical methods, magnetic susceptibility is found to be a suitable, cheap and rapid method for detailed study of PHC in marine sediments...
April 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003898/clinical-significance-of-an-unusual-variation-anomalous-additional-belly-of-the-sternothyroid-muscle
#9
M Senthil Murugan, R Sudha, Rajesh Bhargavan
The infrahyoid muscles are involved in vocalisation and swallowing; among these, the sternothyroid muscle is derived from the common primitive sheet. The improper differentiation of this muscle may therefore result in morphological variations. We report an unusual variation found during the dissection of a 65-year-old male cadaver at the Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, Madagadipet, Pondicherry, India, in 2015. An anomalous belly of the right sternothyroid muscle was observed between the internal jugular (IJ) vein and the internal carotid artery with an additional insertion into the tympanic plate and petrous part of the temporal bone and the presence of a levator glandulae thyroideae muscle...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941969/biomonitoring-along-the-tropical-southern-indian-coast-with-multiple-biomarkers
#10
Sivanandham Vignesh, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Krishnan Muthukumar, Gopalaswamy Vignesh, Rathinam Arthur James
We assessed the spatial and temporal variations of pollution indicators and geochemical and trace metal parameters (23 in total) from water and sediment (144 samples) of three different eco-niches (beach, fishing harbor, and estuary) in larger coastal cities of southern India (Cuddalore and Pondicherry) for one year. A total of 120 marine Pseudomonas isolates were challenged against different concentrations of copper solutions and 10 different antibiotics in heavy metal and antibiotic resistance approaches, respectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894111/distribution-of-the-grey-slender-loris-loris-lyddekerianus-cabrera-1908-in-tamil-nadu-southern-india
#11
Honnavalli N Kumara, R Sasi, Subash Chandran, Sindhu Radhakrishna
The grey slender loris Loris lydekkerianus, one of only two nocturnal primates of India, is found in the southern part of the country. Our understanding of its geographical distribution is largely based on historical records and short surveys, and little is known of its occurrence in southern India today. We sought to establish the relative abundance of this species in 26 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Pondicherry in southern India. We sighted lorises in 19 districts, and their relative abundance ranged from 0...
2016: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#12
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865237/smoked-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-rntcp-in-urban-puducherry-india
#13
Veerakumar Arumugam Mariappan, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Govindarajan Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes like failures and defaults among the TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in urban Pondicherry and study the association of various socio-demographic variables with current smoked and smokeless tobacco users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790430/screening-for-intestinal-colonization-with-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-and-associated-risk-factors-among-patients-admitted-to-an-adult-intensive-care-unit-of-a-large-teaching-hospital
#14
Rajesh Amberpet, Sujatha Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Molly Mary Thabah
INTRODUCTION: Gut colonization with Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE) increases the risk of acquiring infection during hospital stay. Patients admitted in the ICU's are the major reservoirs for VRE colonization due to higher antibiotic pressure. AIM: To determine the rate of VRE colonization among patients admitted in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) and to assess the various risk factors which are associated with VRE colonization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study carried out over a period of 18 months from September 2013 to February 2015 in the Jawaharlal Institute of Post graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, South India...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#15
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601306/prevalence-of-candida-species-in-the-buccal-cavity-of-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-individuals-in-and-around-pondicherry
#16
M Lydia Rajakumari, P Saravana Kumari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Candida in the buccal cavity of diabetic and non-diabetic individuals in and around Pondicherry, India and to analyse the antifungal susceptibility profile of the selected isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 buccal samples, 200 each from diabetic and non-diabetic healthy individuals were included in the study. Sabouraud's dextrose agar was used for isolation of Candida species...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494616/the-emergence-of-quinolone-resistant-shigella-sonnei-pondicherry-india
#17
Ankita Das, Mailan Natarajan, Jharna Mandal
Ciprofloxacin resistant Shigella sonnei across the globe have been increasing alarmingly. In order to understand the emergence of S.sonnei with respect to ciprofloxacin resistance in our patient population, the following study was carried out. Of the 184 Shigella sp. Isolated from 2012 to 2015, 34 S.sonnei which were confirmed by standard methods and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing were selected. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 16/34 quinolone resistant isolates tested ranged from 4micrograms/ml to 16micrograms/ml for ciprofloxacin, from 16 micrograms/ml to 64 micrograms/ml for ofloxacin and from 16micrograms/ml to 64micrograms/ml for levofloxacin...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437252/a-retrospective-epidemiological-study-of-rhinosporidiosis-in-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre-in-pondicherry
#18
P Karthikeyan, S Vijayasundaram, Davis Thomas Pulimoottil
INTRODUCTION: Rhinosporidiosis is an age old endemic scourge which has affected various parts of the world, most notably India and Sri Lanka. Although a large body of literature exists regarding this problem, postoperative recurrence rates continue to vary, and the effect of public health education in the eradication of this disease has not been taken into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the site, presentation and postoperative recurrence rate in patients with rhinosporidiosis...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412971/history-of-health-in-the-indian-ocean-care-prevention-teaching-and-research-from-the-17-th-to-the-mid-20th-century
#19
P Aubry, B-A Gaüzère
In 1498, the Portuguese crossed the Cape of Good Hope. It was not until the period of 1633 and 1666, dates of the founding, respectively, of the Compagnie de l'Orient and the Compagnie des Indes orientales, that the way was definitively opened for trade between France and India. Because so many sailors developed scurvy after voyages that lasted 4 to 5 months, the French settled on Bourbon Island (Réunion) and Ile de France (Mauritius), to provide them with medical care. Created in 1689 by Louis XIV, the Navy Health Service was responsible for health in the colonies until it was replaced in 1890 by the Colonial Health Service...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395587/neotype-designation-for-calotes-versicolor-daudin-1802-sauria-agamidae-with-notes-on-its-systematics
#20
Gaurang Gowande, Anurag Mishra, Zeeshan A Mirza
Calotes versicolor Daudin, 1802 is one of the most widespread agamid lizard species which was described without a locality. The type specimen of the species has long been considered lost; however most workers considered Pondicherry as the type locality for the species. Studies by Zug et al. 2006 confirmed that C. versicolor is a complex of multiple species which necessitates fixing type locality and specimen for the species in order to resolve the systematics of the species complex. An adult male from Pondicherry was collected and is here designated as the neotype...
June 17, 2016: Zootaxa
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