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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743784/high-prevalence-of-chronic-respiratory-symptoms-among-autorickshaw-drivers-of-urban-puducherry-south-india
#1
Peter Stephen, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Rajaram Manju, Karthik B Laksham, Sudalai Subramani, Kanhu Panda, Sonali Sarkar
Context: Auto-rickshaw (three wheelers open cabin type of vehicle) drivers are exposed to traffic air pollution. Studies have demonstrated reduced pulmonary function among drivers. However, limited studies have determined the prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among drivers. Aims: Among auto-rickshaw drivers of urban Puducherry to determine prevalence of (i) chronic respiratory symptoms by using Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms, and Chronic Bronchitis (INSEARCH) questionnaire and (ii) COPD by measuring peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713409/prognostic-importance-of-spinopelvic-parameters-in-the-assessment-of-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-spondylolisthesis
#2
Sai Krishna M L V, Deep Sharma, Jagdish Menon
Study Design: This was a prospective, two-group comparative study. Purpose: The present study aimed to determine the importance of the spinopelvic parameters in the causation and progression of spondylolisthesis. Overview of Literature: Spondylolisthesis is slippage of one vertebra over the vertebra below. Since the discovery of pelvic incidence (PI) in 1998 in addition to documentation of other parameters in spinopelvic balance, slippage in spondylolisthesis has been attributed to these parameters...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578198/impact-of-attendance-in-a-daycare-centre-on-depression-among-elderly-in-rural-puducherry-a-pre-post-intervention-study
#3
Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, K C Premarajan, Gautam Roy
Background & objectives: Depression is higher in the elderly and in the rural areas in India. There is a need for interventions to reduce depression among the elderly and improve their quality of life (QOL). This study was conducted to assess the impact of attendance at a community-based daycare centre in rural Puducherry, India, on depression, cognitive impairment (CI) and QOL of the elderly. Methods: This was a before and after intervention study with a daycare centre set up in the village Thondamanatham in Puducherry, India, between January 2013 and January 2014...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567889/evaluation-of-procalcitonin-as-a-diagnostic-marker-in-neonatal-sepsis
#4
Marie Victor Pravin Charles, Ramakrishnan Kalaivani, Soma Venkatesh, Arunava Kali, Kunigal Srinivasiah Seetha
Context: Neonatal sepsis is an early infection occurring within 28 days of the postnatal life. It has nonspecific signs and symptoms which make the diagnosis cumbersome. It inflicts an increase in morbidity and mortality among neonates. Procalcitonin (PCT) is yet another acute phase reactant, which is synthesized by the C-cells of thyroid gland. Aims: The aim of our study is to evaluate PCT as a diagnostic marker of neonatal sepsis in comparison with C-reactive protein (CRP)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551869/self-reported-prenatal-oral-health-care-practices-of-preterm-low-birth-weight-delivered-women-belonging-to-different-socioeconomic-status-a-postnatal-survey
#5
Gayathri Priyadarshni Elangovan, Jananni Muthu, Indra Kumar Periyasamy, Pratebha Balu, R Saravana Kumar
Background: The differences in the oral health status between the individuals with a high socioeconomic status (SES) and those with a low SES had markedly increased. There is, however, minimal information available on women understanding the need of dental hygiene for overall health and whether pregnant women comply with the current oral health strategies. In Lieu with the above, the present study aims to assess the awareness, dental hygiene practices, and the frequency of dental visits during pregnancy in postnatal women who delivered preterm low birth weight babies of different SES in and around Puducherry...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540969/are-police-personnel-in-puducherry-healthy-findings-from-partners-in-prevention-programme-in-puducherry-india
#6
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531430/how-multipurpose-health-workers-spend-time-during-work-results-from-a-time-and-motion-study-from-puducherry
#7
Nirmala Saravanan Narayanasamy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekar Kar, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj
Background: A multipurpose health worker (MPHW) is the key functionary and the first contact person in a subcenter. This study explores the workload of MPHWs in the multifarious domains of their activities and also assesses their time utilization pattern. Methods: A time and motion study was conducted among 19 auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and 10 HWs male (M) from six selected primary health centers of Puducherry. Participants self-reported their daily activities on a time measurement sheet for 6 days in a week...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445048/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-arterial-stiffness-in-young-prehypertensives-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Velusami Deepika, R Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension pose a big threat to public health. Targeting the prehypertension stage to evaluate the vascular damage due to obesity can help us to plan early interventions. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study  as a part of the medical heath checkup program was conducted by the Medical College in Puducherry, India on all medical students of age group 18-25 years. Blood pressure (BP) recordings and body mass index (BMI) were classified into following four groups: Group1: Normotensives with normal BMI (n=109); Group 2: Normotensives with higher BMI (n=89); Group 3: Prehypertensive subjects with normal BMI (n=50); and Group 4: Prehypertensive subjects with higher BMI (n=99)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417017/how-much-do-persons-with-diabetes-in-a-rural-area-of-south-india-know-about-diabetes-management-a-step-toward-person-centered-care
#9
Marie Gilbert Majella, Palanivel Chinnakali, Bijay Nanda Naik, Pruthu Thekkur, Bharath Nag, Gomathi Ramaswamy
Introduction: The burden of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide, more so in developing countries. Optimal diabetes care depends on adherence to management protocol, which can be brought about by shared decision-making. Patient's knowledge on life-threatening complications and preventive strategies for the same is a prerequisite for shared decision-making. Hence, this study was carried out among diabetes patients to assess the level of knowledge on different aspects of diabetes management...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417004/quality-of-medication-services-for-morbidities-in-a-rural-health-center-in-puducherry-india
#10
Sivakumar Dharmasivam, Ramya Selvaraj, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, S Ganesh Kumar
Background: Client satisfaction on quality of medication services perceived by the patients is an important measure of the health services and needs to be addressed to improve the utilization of primary health-care services. Methods: This is a descriptive study on quality of medication services perceived by the patients attending a rural health center in Puducherry. The data were collected with pretested semi-structured questionnaire. The study population consisted of 365 patients...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386414/epidemiology-of-mental-disability-using-indian-disability-evaluation-assessment-scale-among-general-population-in-an-urban-area-of-puducherry-india
#11
S G Kumar, K C Premarajan, S Kattimani, S S Kar
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on epidemiology of mental disability in India. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess mental disability, and to study the association between sociodemographic and comorbid chronic conditions with mental disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among ≥5 years age group in an urban area attached to a Tertiary Care Medical Institute in Puducherry, India...
January 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344532/functional-ability-of-clients-with-bipolar-disorders-in-tertiary-hospital-puducherry
#12
Rajendran Rangasamy Kavitha, Sethuramachandran Kamalam, Ravi Philip Rajkumar
Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common long standing mental illness which is episodic in nature, affecting approximately1-2% of the world adult population. BD frequently affects the patient's life. Few studies have examined the functional impairment in patients with affective illness. The main objective of the current study was to assess specific domains of functioning as well as the overall functioning of the clients with BD. Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the level of function among the clients with BD in JIPMER Hospital, Puducherry during 2015-2016 and to identify the socio- demographic and clinical factors associated with the level of functioning...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343931/effect-of-modified-slow-breathing-exercise-on-perceived-stress-and-basal-cardiovascular-parameters
#13
G Sunil Naik, G S Gaur, G K Pal
Context: Different types of breathing exercises have varied effects on cardiovascular parameters and the stress levels in an individual. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a modified form of isolated alternate nostril, slow breathing exercise on perceived stress, and cardiovascular parameters in young, male volunteers. Settings and Design: This was a randomized control study carried out at Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry in 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302548/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-on-menstrual-hygiene-and-perceived-reproductive-morbidity-among-adolescent-girls-in-a-union-territory-india
#14
Prakash Mathiyalagen, Birundhanjali Peramasamy, Kavita Vasudevan, Mausumi Basu, Johnson Cherian, Buvaneshwari Sundar
Introduction: Menstruation is a milestone event in a girl's life and the beginning of reproductive life. Lack of knowledge and poor sanitary practices during menstruation has been associated with serious ill-health ranging from genital tract infections, urinary tract infections, and bad odor. Aim: This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practices about menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity among adolescent school girls in Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302547/can-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-calf-circumference-be-the-proxy-measures-to-detect-undernutrition-among-elderly-findings-of-a-community-based-survey-in-rural-puducherry-india
#15
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, R Jayalakshmy, Arjumand Yousuf, Arvind Kumar Singh, Gomathi Ramaswamy, C Palanivel
Introduction: Major proportion of the elderly with under nutrition is undetected in the community. One of the feasible ways to detect under nutrition among elderly would be screening in the field settings. in this study, we aimed to identify the utility of alternate anthropometric measures such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference, and skin fold thickness in identifying under nutrition among elderly. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was done among elderly in one of the randomly selected subcenters...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302543/level-of-tobacco-dependence-among-tobacco-users-in-an-urban-slum-of-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#16
Bijaya Nanda Naik, Marie Gilbert Majella, S Parthibane, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
Context: Successful tobacco quit by the tobacco users can avoid millions of premature death. However, the physical dependence on tobacco use results in frequent relapse most commonly due to withdrawal symptoms. Aims: The aim of this study was to study the level of tobacco dependence among tobacco users in an urban slum of Puducherry. Materials and Methods: This facility-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among patients aged 15 years or above attending an urban health and training center in an urban slum of Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291589/laparoscopic-ovarian-drilling-reduces-serum-homocysteine-levels-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#17
T Chitra, Dasari Papa, Priyanka Sinha, H Nandeesha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on homocysteine levels and clinical outcomes in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in JIPMER, Puducherry. Fifty PCOS subjects who were admitted for LOD were enrolled in the study. Serum homocysteine levels were estimated in all the subjects before and after LOD. Paired t-test was used to compare the homocysteine levels before and after LOD...
February 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208886/coronary-angiography-findings-and-its-determinants-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-descriptive-analysis-from-asian-population
#18
M Chourasiya, S Satheesh, R Selvaraj, B Jayaraman, A A Pillai
The aim was to study the angiographic profile in patients presented as acute coronary syndrome and its relation with risk factors and comparison between genders. This prospective observational study was performed on total 352 patients of acute coronary syndrome were analyzed for various risk factors, angiographic pattern in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, South India from January 2015 to July 2016. Mean age of presentation was 52.62±11.63 years. Male were 271(77...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207783/evaluation-of-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-induction-in-borderline-oligohydramnios-at-term
#19
Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal
Introduction: Oligohydramnios is described as decreased amniotic fluid volume relative to gestational age. Semiquantitatively it is described using the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) which is calculated by adding the depth in centimetres of the largest vertical pocket in each of four equal uterine quadrants. AFI less than or equal to 5 cm is defined as oligohydramnios. A Borderline Oligohydramnios (BO) is defined as AFI 5.1-8 cm. Aim: To assess the maternal and perinatal outcome of induction in borderline oligohydramnios cases at term...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207740/risk-factors-for-kidney-stones-in-rural-puducherry-case-control-study
#20
Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, M R Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar
Introduction: Renal stone is a distressing chronic condition which is getting common across the world. The rigorous evidence on multiple risk factors of kidney stone from a single study is limited. Aim: To find out the social and dietary risk factors responsible for the occurrence of kidney stone in a local community in rural Puducherry, India. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based unmatched case-control study. Based on existing information, a sample of 70 cases and 140 controls was calculated and considered adequate...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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