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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050407/female-college-students-knowledge-attitude-and-future-intention-towards-breastfeeding-implications-for-advocacy
#1
Ramya Padmanabhan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Palnivel Chinnakalai
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is important for promoting child's health. Since, breastfeeding decisions are made before pregnancy and are strongly influenced by women's knowledge and attitude, it is important to identify knowledge gaps in youth girls. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and future intention regarding infant feeding among female college students in Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was done among 307 college going female students...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050364/serological-diagnosis-of-acute-scrub-typhus-in-southern-india-evaluation-of-inbios-scrub-typhus-detect-igm-rapid-test-and-comparison-with-other-serological-tests
#2
Velmurugan Anitharaj, Selvaraj Stephen, Jothimani Pradeep, Sungman Park, Seung-Han Kim, Young Jin Kim, Eun-Ye Kim, Yoon-Won Kim
INTRODUCTION: Scrub Typhus (ST) is being reported from different parts of India in the recent past. However, the diagnosis and confirmation of ST cases require specific serological and molecular diagnostic tests. Both rapid and conventional ELISA tests need to be properly evaluated. AIM: Evaluation of a new ST IgM Immunochromatography (ICT) test kit (InBios Scrub Typhus Detect IgM Rapid Test) and compare it with another rapid kit, conventional ELISA kit and Weil-Felix (WF) test...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043815/associations-among-insulin-resistance-triacylglycerol-high-density-lipoprotein-tag-hdl-ratio-and-thyroid-hormone-levels-a-study-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-and-overweight-subjects
#3
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Mohammed Hanifah, Anandraj Lokesh Maran
AIM: Triacylglycerol/High density lipoprotein (TAG/HDL) ratio, a surrogate marker of LDL particle size (small dense) was included in our study to observe the link with insulin resistance and thyroid co-morbidity. METHODS: Ninety three patients with T2DM of both genders were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry, during the latter half of 2015. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipid profile, glycated haemoglobin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031589/profile-of-young-suicide-attempt-survivors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-puducherry
#4
Anand Lingeswaran
CONTEXT: Puducherry has the highest suicide prevalence rate in India by 2014, predominantly among the 14-30 years age group. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to study the characteristics of adolescent and youth suicide attempters in Puducherry and measure the suicide intent. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An observational study of 6 months duration was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891353/association-of-c-reactive-protein-rs1205-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-to-psoriasis-in-south-indian-tamils
#5
Anjana Sudhesan, Medha Rajappa, Laxmisha Chandrashekar, Palghat Hariharan Ananthanarayanan, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Santhosh Satheesh, Adithan Chandrasekaran, Panneer Devaraju
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a multi-factorial heritable T-helper Th-1/Th-17 mediated inflammatory disease, affecting the skin. It is associated with co-morbidities such as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a good inflammatory marker. CRP rs1205 polymorphism is associated with circulating plasma CRP levels. Although there is association between the rs1205 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and CVD, there are no prior reports regarding the association of CRP rs1205 SNP with psoriasis susceptibility...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867877/does-one-to-one-demonstration-with-insulin-pads-by-health-care-providers-improves-the-insulin-administration-techniques-among-diabetic-patients-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#6
Urvasi Kapoor, Gomathi Ramasamy, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Jaya Prakash Sahoo, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to capture the effect of using injection pads as a tool in educating the diabetic patients who were on insulin. The attitude and practice of the patients in storage of insulin vials and disposal of insulin syringes were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A facility based Quasi-experimental study was carried out among the diabetic patients on insulin, attending diabetic clinic in endocrinology OPD in a tertiary care hospital, Puducherry...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865237/smoked-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-rntcp-in-urban-puducherry-india
#7
Veerakumar Arumugam Mariappan, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Govindarajan Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes like failures and defaults among the TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in urban Pondicherry and study the association of various socio-demographic variables with current smoked and smokeless tobacco users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819699/household-biocide-use-and-personal-safety-practices-among-rural-population-in-south-india-a-community-based-study
#8
Karthik Balajee Laksham, Vinothkumar Kalidoss, Parthibane Sivanantham, Perumal Murthy Sambath, Manoj Kumar Arunachalam, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Household pesticides (biocides) are widely used for the purpose of controlling vector-borne diseases. Exposure to biocides causes various health hazards in human beings. Prevalence of biocide use, storage methods, and personal protection measures while handling biocides are not known among rural households in South India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A communitybased cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 households in rural Puducherry (union territory)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790470/beneficiary-satisfaction-regarding-old-age-pension-scheme-and-its-utilization-pattern-in-urban-puducherry-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Saravanan Jothi, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Jayalakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ramya Selvaraj
INTRODUCTION: National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS) was aimed at providing a safety net for India's aging population in terms of social, economical and moral support by helping eligible elderly citizens with direct cash benefit. AIM: To assess the beneficiary satisfaction and utilization pattern of the monetary benefit received under the old age pension scheme and to explore the perception of the stakeholders regarding delivery of the pension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a mixed method research consisting of both quantitative surveys and qualitative in-depth interviews...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733806/socio-demographic-study-on-extent-of-knowledge-awareness-attitude-and-risks-of-zoonotic-diseases-among-livestock-owners-in-puducherry-region
#10
K Rajkumar, A Bhattacharya, S David, S Hari Balaji, R Hariharan, M Jayakumar, N Balaji
AIM: This study was conducted to assess the extent of knowledge, awareness, attitude, and risks of zoonotic diseases among livestock owners in Puducherry region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 livestock farmers were selected randomly from eight revenue villages. And each farmer was interviewed with a questionnaire containing both open- and close-ended questions on various aspects of zoonotic diseases, a total of 49 questionnaires were framed to assess the source and transmission of infection to the farmers and to test their knowledge and awareness about zoonotic diseases...
September 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#11
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638791/evaluation-of-the-multiple-biomarkers-on-identification-of-the-vulnerable-coastal-pollution-hotspots
#12
G Hariharan, R Purvaja, R S Robin, R Ramesh
This paper presents multiple biomarkers on metal accumulation and its impacts along the Chennai to Puducherry, southeast coast of India using bivalves as bioindicators. In this regard, water samples and Perna viridis were collected from three stations and the accumulation of metals and its biological impacts were assessed. Among the three sampling stations, the maximum accumulation was noticed in Ennore (S1) than the Puducherry (S3) followed by Kovalam (S2). Mean accumulation pattern of metals in Perna viridis was found to be in the following order Zn > Cu > Ni > Cr > Pb > Cd, which were in close match with the metal concentration in seawater at respective site...
September 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630948/colour-preference-to-emotions-in-relation-to-the-anxiety-level-among-school-children-in-puducherry-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Kattakayam Annamary, Gajula Shivashankarappa Prathima, Renganathan Sajeev, Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Venkatesan Ramesh, Govindasamy Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Dental setting plays an important role in child's behavior and cooperation to the planned dental treatment. Adding attractive colours to the dental environment and by incorporating colourful equipments can make the child feel good and be at ease. This study tries to convey the relationship between colours and dental anxiety among children. AIM: To evaluate the colour preference to emotions in relation to children's age, gender and anxiety level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 382 children aged 6-12 years were randomly selected from schools in and around Puducherry...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630841/gyra-ser83-and-parc-trp106-mutations-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-isolated-from-typhoid-fever-patients-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#14
Muthu Gopal, Sathishkumar Elumalai, Suresh Arumugam, Vishnuprabu Durairajpandian, Munirajan Arasambattu Kannan, Esthermary Selvam, Srivani Seetharaman
INTRODUCTION: Typhoid fever is endemic in India and other developing countries, causing major public health problems with high morbidity and mortality. The resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) towards commonly prescribed antimicrobials is increasing in developing countries. However, there have been several reports of the therapeutic failure of fluoroquinolones in patients with Salmonella infection. Resistance to quinolones/ fluoroquinolones commonly arises due to target site mutation...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630838/identification-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-phenotypic-tests-vs-molecular-assay-spy1258pcr-a-comparative-study
#15
Tintu Abraham, Sujatha Sistla
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally Group A Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) is differentiated from other beta haemolytic streptococci (BHS) by certain presumptive tests such as bacitracin sensitivity and production of Pyrollidonyl Aryl Sulfatase (PYR). The phenotypic and genotypic confirmatory tests are Lancefield grouping for cell wall carbohydrate antigen and PCR for spy1258 gene respectively. Reliance on presumptive tests alone may lead to misidentification of isolates. AIM: To compare the predictive values of routine phenotypic tests with spy1258 PCR for the identification of Streptococcus pyogenes...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621562/clinically-profiling-pediatric-patients-with-dengue
#16
Sriram Pothapregada, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalaskhmy Thulasingham, Srinivasan Sampath
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of dengue fever in children at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children (0-12 years of age) diagnosed and confirmed as dengue fever from August 2012 to January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively from hospital case records as per the revised World Health Organization guidelines for dengue fever. The diagnosis was confirmed by NS1 antigen-based ELISA test or dengue serology for IgM and IgG antibodies, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536030/genetic-characterization-of-fluoroquinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-associated-with-bovine-mastitis-in-india
#17
Sangeetha Balakrishnan, Prabhakar Xavier Antony, Hirak Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Raghavan Madhusoodanan Pillai, Jacob Thanislass, Vijayalakshmi Padmanaban, Mouttou Vivek Srinivas
AIM: The present study was undertaken to characterize the mutation in gyrA (DNA gyrase) and parC (topoisomerase IV) genes responsible for fluoroquinolone resistance in Escherichia coli isolates associated with the bovine mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 92 milk samples from bovine mastitis cases were sampled in and around Puducherry (Southern India). Among these samples, 30 isolates were bacteriologically characterized as E. coli. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of fluoroquinolones of these 30 E...
July 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520889/maternal-and-birth-risk-factors-for-children-screening-positive-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-on-m-chat-r
#18
Saranya Ravi, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Shivanand Kattimani, Mahadevan Subramanian
This study was carried out to screen children aged 16-30 months, attending pediatric outpatient department of JIPMER, Puducherry, during June to August 2014, for ASD using modified checklist for autism in toddlers-revised (MCHAT-R) and to find association between maternal, birth and postnatal risk factors with risk of ASD. A total of 350 mother-child pairs with children aged between 16 and 30 months were recruited. M-CHAT-R was administered to all mothers to screen for ASD along with risk checklist. Based on screen result children were classified as ASD (high risk) and no ASD (low and medium risk) group...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502089/molecular-characterisation-of-parvoviruses-from-domestic-cats-reveals-emergence-of-newer-variants-in-india
#19
Hirak K Mukhopadhyay, Mangadevi Nookala, Nobal Rk Thangamani, Amsaveni Sivaprakasam, Prabhakar X Antony, Jacob Thanislass, Mouttou V Srinivas, Raghavan M Pillai
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to characterise the viral polypeptide 2 (VP2) gene of parvovirus from domestic cats in India. METHODS: The faecal samples from diarrhoeic/healthy domestic cats were collected from different geographical regions of India for screening by PCR assay followed by sequence analysis of the VP2 gene. RESULTS: Canine parvovirus (CPV)/feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections were found in 12 samples (11...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399216/prevalence-of-self-reported-morbidities-functional-disabilities-and-access-to-supportive-aids-among-the-elderly-of-urban-puducherry
#20
S Kalaiselvi, N Ramachandran, D Nair, C Palanivel
Background: Planning of healthcare services at the primary care level needs to account for common prevailing problems and disabilities among elderly in the community to improve their quality of life. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported morbidities and functional disabilities among the elderly and to find out predictors and barriers of health seeking behavior against functional disabilities. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two areas from the urban field practice area of a tertiary care institute in Puducherry during January to February 2014...
November 6, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
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