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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123346/estimation-of-need-for-palliative-care-among-noncancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#1
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114489/chitinase-gene-based-analysis-of-the-genetic-variability-among-the-clinical-isolates-of-entamoeba-dispar-from-puducherry-india
#2
Selvarathinam Ajay Philips, Kumar Manochitra, Subhash Chandra Parija
Introduction: Amebiasis is known to be caused by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Entamoeba dispar is considered to be a sibling species of E. histolytica, as the two are phylogenetically closest. There are reports that certain strains of E. dispar isolated were capable of causing hepatic lesions in the experimental animal models. The intra-/inter-species genetic variation has been found to have profound implication in the invasiveness of the disease. Thus, studying polymorphism in E...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114158/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-in-voluntary-blood-donors-of-puducherry-and-surrounding-districts-of-tamil-nadu
#3
Selvaraj Stephen, Jothimani Pradeep, Velmurugan Anitharaj, Venkatraman Janarthanam
Our objective is to study the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in the voluntary blood donors of Puducherry and surrounding districts of Tamil Nadu. A total of 275 healthy blood donors were screened for the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii by ELISA test. Donor samples positive for IgM and/or IgG antibodies to T. gondii were subjected to IgG avidity ELISA. While, 54 out of 275 donors had IgG antibodies (19.66%), only one donor had IgM (0.36%) along with IgG. Among 54 IgG positive donors, only two had low avidity (3...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026750/visual-impairment-among-10-14-year-school-children-in-puducherry-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
R Vishnuprasad, Joy Bazroy, K Madhanraj, Hannah Ranjee Prashanth, Zile Singh, Abel K Samuel, T Muthukumar
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2010 estimates by the World Health Organization, nearly 285 million (4.24% of total population) people of all ages worldwide are visually impaired. Almost 18.9 million children under 15 years of age are visually impaired globally. In developing countries, 7%-31% of childhood blindness and visual impairment is avoidable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study among 1884 school students in Puducherry, in the age group of 10-14 years...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969164/burden-of-proteinuria-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adult-population-in-urban-puducherry-india
#5
Manan Jhawar, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Ramya Selvaraj
INTRODUCTION: In the recent times, Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKDs) are emerging as a serious problem all over the world along with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The presence of proteinuria is considered as an indicator of increased risk of progressive kidney diseases. AIM: To determine the prevalence of proteinuria among an adult population of a tertiary care institute of Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the field practice areas of an urban health centre of a tertiary care institute, in Puducherry, India...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969122/comparative-study-on-the-vaginal-flora-and-incidence-of-asymptomatic-vaginosis-among-healthy-women-and-in-women-with-infertility-problems-of-reproductive-age
#6
Geethavani Babu, Balamuru Ganvelu Singaravelu, R Srikumar, Sreenivasalu V Reddy, Afraa Kokan
INTRODUCTION: The normal vaginal flora is highly complex, dominated by lactobacilli of doderlein that plays a vital role in maintaining the women's health and inhibits other pathogenic microorganisms. Fluctuation in local environment or exposure to any exogenous and endogenous sources changes the vaginal flora over a period of time. Disruption of the vaginal ecosystem changes the microflora of the healthy vagina, altering the pH and predisposing to lower reproductive tract infections...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955735/isolation-and-partial-characterization-of-collagen-from-outer-skin-of-sepia-pharaonis-ehrenberg-1831-from-puducherry-coast
#7
Jayalakshmi Krishnamoorthi, Pasiyappazham Ramasamy, Vairamani Shanmugam, Annaian Shanmugam
Type I collagen from outer skin of Sepia pharaonis was extracted and partially characterized. Yield of Acid Soluble Collagen (ASC) and Pepsin Soluble Collagen (PSC) were calculated as 1.66% and 3.93% and the total protein content of ASC and PSC were found as 18.4% and 48.6%. FT-IR spectrum of ASC and PSC recorded 12 and 14 peaks, respectively. (1)H NMR spectrum of ASC showed singlets at 1.23 ppm, 3.1 ppm, 3.55 ppm and 3.7 ppm and PSC at 1.23 ppm and 2.08 ppm. The molecular weight for ASC was calculated as 102 kDa and for PSC as 110, 108 and 102 kDa through SDS-PAGE...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893018/changes-in-gas-composition-during-low-flow-anaesthesia-without-nitrous-oxide
#8
Ranjana Venkatachalapathy, Anusha Cherian, Sakthirajan Panneerselvam
INTRODUCTION: Low flow anaesthesia utilising Oxygen (O2) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) mixture carries a risk of hypoxia, but avoiding N2O results in increased analgesic and volatile anaesthetic agent requirement. AIM: This study attempted to find the lowest Fraction of inspired Oxygen (FiO2) levels achieved with a mixture of 300 mL/min each of O2 and medical air over two hours and to compare the overall analgesic requirement and cost while using similar flows of N2O and O2, respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892935/efficacy-of-health-education-using-facebook-to-promote-healthy-lifestyle-among-medical-students-in-puducherry-india-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Smrithi Krishnamohan, P Stalin, Zile Singh, Maghida Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing burden of overweight and obesity among young adults is mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle especially with respect to diet and physical activity. At the same time, younger generations are spending more time with social network sites. Therefore, this study was intended to explore the role of social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle. AIM: To measure the efficacy of health education using social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle among medical students in Puducherry, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890661/association-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-polymorphisms-and-nephropathy-in-diabetic-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-south-india
#10
Mukta Wyawahare, Revathy Neelamegam, Saranya Vilvanathan, R Soundravally, A K Das, C Adithan
BACKGROUND: Genetic polymorphisms of the angiotensin-renin pathway have been thought to influence the development of diabetic nephropathy. However, there are conflicting results regarding this association in previous studies on populations with varying ethnicity. AIMS: Primary aim was to compare the frequency of distribution of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (insertion/deletion [I/D]) polymorphism in Tamilian Indian type 2 diabetic individuals with and without microalbuminuria...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878522/validation-of-geno-sen-s-scrub-typhus-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-kit-by-its-comparison-with-a-serological-elisa-test
#11
Velmurugan Anitharaj, Selvaraj Stephen, Jothimani Pradeep, Pratheesh Pooja, Sridharan Preethi
BACKGROUND: In the recent past, scrub typhus (ST) has been reported from different parts of India, based on Weil-Felix/enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)/indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Molecular tests are applied only by a few researchers. AIMS: Evaluation of a new commercial real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) kit for molecular diagnosis of ST by comparing it with the commonly used IgM ELISA is our aim. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: ST has been reported all over India including Puducherry and surrounding Tamil Nadu and identified as endemic for ST...
July 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862241/is-rule-of-halves-still-an-occurrence-in-south-india-findings-from-community-based-survey-in-a-selected-urban-area-of-puducherry
#12
S S Kar, S Kalaiselvi, R Archana, G K Saya, K C Premarajan
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess the applicability of the rule of halves in an urban population of Puducherry, South India. We also aimed to find the correlates associated with undiagnosed hypertension to facilitate targeted screening. METHODOLOGY: We derive our observation from a community-based cross-sectional study conducted using the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to surveillance in urban slum of Puducherry during 2014-15...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852291/effectiveness-of-fibrin-glue-in-adherence-of-skin-graft
#13
Konda Sireesha Reddy, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Preethitha Babu, Senthil Kumaran Marimuthu, Sudhanva Hemanth Kumar, Elan Kumar Subbarayan, Vinayak Chavan, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar, M T Friji
BACKGROUND: Graft fixation is important for graft take. Fibrin glue has been proposed as an ideal material, because of its human origin and it provides firm adhesion in seconds or minutes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of fibrin glue, in increasing the take of skin graft. Assessment includes surgical time taken for graft fixation, haematoma/seroma formation, engraftment and wound closure by day 14. METHODS: The study is an observational prospective study conducted in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, from January 2016 to June 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839407/smokeless-tobacco-profiling-sachets-and-pattern-of-use-among-low-socioeconomic-population-of-puducherry
#14
Kuldeep Singh Shekhawat, Arunima Chauhan, S Sakthidevi, Prasoon Goyal, Saptadeepa Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is highest among labor classes and low socioeconomic status (SES), with inclination toward smokeless tobacco (SLT). AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of SLT consumption with secondary objective to profile various sachets of SLT most commonly sold in the study setting. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-interviewed structured questionnaire was administered to 150 participants from two villages...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832615/comorbidities-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-cases-in-puducherry-and-tamil-nadu-india-opportunities-for-intervention
#15
Natasha S Hochberg, Sonali Sarkar, C Robert Horsburgh, Selby Knudsen, Jane Pleskunas, Swaroop Sahu, Rachel W Kubiak, S Govindarajan, Padmini Salgame, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Amsaveni Sivaprakasam, Laura F White, Noyal Maria Joseph, Jerrold J Ellner, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: We aimed to define characteristics of TB patients in Puducherry and two districts of Tamil Nadu, India and calculate the population attributable fractions (PAF) of TB from malnutrition and alcohol. METHODS: New smear-positive TB cases were enrolled into the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT India) cohort. Census and National Family Health Survey data were used for comparisons. RESULTS: Data were analyzed for 409 participants enrolled between May 2014-June 2016; 307 (75...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806911/predictors-of-delayed-care-seeking-for-tuberculosis-in-southern-india-an-observational-study
#16
Sarah E Van Ness, Ankit Chandra, Sonali Sarkar, Jane Pleskunas, Jerrold J Ellner, Gautam Roy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Swaroop Sahu, C Robert Horsburgh, Helen E Jenkins, Natasha S Hochberg
BACKGROUND: Reducing delay to accessing care is necessary to reduce the Tuberculosis (TB) burden in high incidence countries such as India. This study aimed to identify factors associated with delays in seeking care for TB in Southern India. METHODS: We analyzed data from newly diagnosed, smear-positive, culture-confirmed, pulmonary TB patients in the Regional Prospective Observational Research for TB (RePORT) cohort in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, India. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, symptom duration, and TB knowledge, among other factors...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764240/factors-hindering-practice-of-day-care-surgery-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-patient-s-perspective
#17
Chellappa Vijayakumar, T P Elamurugan, Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan, Sadasivan Jagdish
INTRODUCTION: Day care surgery offers cost containment, effective usage of hospital beds, reduced incidence of nosocomial infection and early recovery in home environment. In developing countries like India, there are various factors that influence the success of day care surgery. AIM: To assess the factors hindering the practice of day care surgery in a tertiary care centre in South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery, JIPMER, Puducherry, India, from January 2013 to March 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717320/coxiellosis-in-domestic-livestock-of-puducherry-and-tamil-nadu-detection-of-coxiella-burnetii-dna-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-slaughtered-ruminants
#18
Jothimani Pradeep, Selvaraj Stephen, Pratheesh Pooja, Anbalagan Akshayavardhini, Balakrishnan Sangeetha, Prabakar Xavier Antony
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the course of our Indian Council of Medical Research project on coxiellosis in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, 5.64% goat, 1.85% sheep, 1.06% buffaloes, and 0.97% cattle were positive for Coxiella burnetii antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit (IDEXX, Liebefeld, Switzerland). In this preliminary study, we have proceeded to look for C. burnetii DNA in those antibody positive specimens employing an imported commercial C. burnetii polymerase chain reaction (PCR) kit...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713611/vascular-foramina-of-navicular-bone-a-morphometric-study
#19
Vani Prathapamchandra, Praveena Ravichandran, Jayanthi Shanmugasundaram, Anbalagan Jayaraman, Rajasekar Sivaprakasam Salem
The navicular bone is supplied by more than one artery. The knowledge about the vascular foramina is important to understand the pathogenesis and management of navicular fractures. The objective of the present study is to analyze the morphology and morphometry of vascular foramina of dried human navicular bone in Indian population. The study was carried out by using 100 navicular bones (50 right and 50 left) collected from our institute and other medical institutes in and around Puducherry. The bones were macroscopically studied for vascular foramina with respect to its location, number, size, and shape...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701285/association-of-divalent-cations-and-insulin-resistance-with-thyroid-hormones-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Niranjan Gopal, Ramesh Ramaswamy
AIM: The study was primarily aimed at investigating the association of Magnesium and Zinc levels in the serum of adult Non- obese and Obese type 2 diabetic patients, with particular reference to thyroid comorbidity. METHODS: 108 patients with T2DM of both genders (24 Non obese and 84 Obese) were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index, Waist hip ratio, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile and glycated haemoglobin...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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