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Gayathri Priyadarshni Elangovan, Jananni Muthu, Indra Kumar Periyasamy, Pratebha Balu, R Saravana Kumar
Background: The differences in the oral health status between the individuals with a high socioeconomic status (SES) and those with a low SES had markedly increased. There is, however, minimal information available on women understanding the need of dental hygiene for overall health and whether pregnant women comply with the current oral health strategies. In Lieu with the above, the present study aims to assess the awareness, dental hygiene practices, and the frequency of dental visits during pregnancy in postnatal women who delivered preterm low birth weight babies of different SES in and around Puducherry...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Nirmala Saravanan Narayanasamy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekar Kar, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj
Background: A multipurpose health worker (MPHW) is the key functionary and the first contact person in a subcenter. This study explores the workload of MPHWs in the multifarious domains of their activities and also assesses their time utilization pattern. Methods: A time and motion study was conducted among 19 auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and 10 HWs male (M) from six selected primary health centers of Puducherry. Participants self-reported their daily activities on a time measurement sheet for 6 days in a week...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Velusami Deepika, R Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension pose a big threat to public health. Targeting the prehypertension stage to evaluate the vascular damage due to obesity can help us to plan early interventions. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study as a part of the medical heath checkup program was conducted by the Medical College in Puducherry, India on all medical students of age group 18-25 years. Blood pressure (BP) recordings and body mass index (BMI) were classified into following four groups: Group1: Normotensives with normal BMI (n=109); Group 2: Normotensives with higher BMI (n=89); Group 3: Prehypertensive subjects with normal BMI (n=50); and Group 4: Prehypertensive subjects with higher BMI (n=99)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Marie Gilbert Majella, Palanivel Chinnakali, Bijay Nanda Naik, Pruthu Thekkur, Bharath Nag, Gomathi Ramaswamy
Introduction: The burden of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide, more so in developing countries. Optimal diabetes care depends on adherence to management protocol, which can be brought about by shared decision-making. Patient's knowledge on life-threatening complications and preventive strategies for the same is a prerequisite for shared decision-making. Hence, this study was carried out among diabetes patients to assess the level of knowledge on different aspects of diabetes management...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Sivakumar Dharmasivam, Ramya Selvaraj, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, S Ganesh Kumar
Background: Client satisfaction on quality of medication services perceived by the patients is an important measure of the health services and needs to be addressed to improve the utilization of primary health-care services. Methods: This is a descriptive study on quality of medication services perceived by the patients attending a rural health center in Puducherry. The data were collected with pretested semi-structured questionnaire. The study population consisted of 365 patients...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
S G Kumar, K C Premarajan, S Kattimani, S S Kar
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on epidemiology of mental disability in India. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess mental disability, and to study the association between sociodemographic and comorbid chronic conditions with mental disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among ≥5 years age group in an urban area attached to a Tertiary Care Medical Institute in Puducherry, India...
January 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Rajendran Rangasamy Kavitha, Sethuramachandran Kamalam, Ravi Philip Rajkumar
Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common long standing mental illness which is episodic in nature, affecting approximately1-2% of the world adult population. BD frequently affects the patient's life. Few studies have examined the functional impairment in patients with affective illness. The main objective of the current study was to assess specific domains of functioning as well as the overall functioning of the clients with BD. Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the level of function among the clients with BD in JIPMER Hospital, Puducherry during 2015-2016 and to identify the socio- demographic and clinical factors associated with the level of functioning...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
G Sunil Naik, G S Gaur, G K Pal
Context: Different types of breathing exercises have varied effects on cardiovascular parameters and the stress levels in an individual. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a modified form of isolated alternate nostril, slow breathing exercise on perceived stress, and cardiovascular parameters in young, male volunteers. Settings and Design: This was a randomized control study carried out at Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry in 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Prakash Mathiyalagen, Birundhanjali Peramasamy, Kavita Vasudevan, Mausumi Basu, Johnson Cherian, Buvaneshwari Sundar
Introduction: Menstruation is a milestone event in a girl's life and the beginning of reproductive life. Lack of knowledge and poor sanitary practices during menstruation has been associated with serious ill-health ranging from genital tract infections, urinary tract infections, and bad odor. Aim: This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practices about menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity among adolescent school girls in Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, R Jayalakshmy, Arjumand Yousuf, Arvind Kumar Singh, Gomathi Ramaswamy, C Palanivel
Introduction: Major proportion of the elderly with under nutrition is undetected in the community. One of the feasible ways to detect under nutrition among elderly would be screening in the field settings. in this study, we aimed to identify the utility of alternate anthropometric measures such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference, and skin fold thickness in identifying under nutrition among elderly. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was done among elderly in one of the randomly selected subcenters...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Bijaya Nanda Naik, Marie Gilbert Majella, S Parthibane, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
Context: Successful tobacco quit by the tobacco users can avoid millions of premature death. However, the physical dependence on tobacco use results in frequent relapse most commonly due to withdrawal symptoms. Aims: The aim of this study was to study the level of tobacco dependence among tobacco users in an urban slum of Puducherry. Materials and Methods: This facility-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among patients aged 15 years or above attending an urban health and training center in an urban slum of Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
T Chitra, Dasari Papa, Priyanka Sinha, H Nandeesha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on homocysteine levels and clinical outcomes in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in JIPMER, Puducherry. Fifty PCOS subjects who were admitted for LOD were enrolled in the study. Serum homocysteine levels were estimated in all the subjects before and after LOD. Paired t-test was used to compare the homocysteine levels before and after LOD...
February 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
M Chourasiya, S Satheesh, R Selvaraj, B Jayaraman, A A Pillai
The aim was to study the angiographic profile in patients presented as acute coronary syndrome and its relation with risk factors and comparison between genders. This prospective observational study was performed on total 352 patients of acute coronary syndrome were analyzed for various risk factors, angiographic pattern in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, South India from January 2015 to July 2016. Mean age of presentation was 52.62±11.63 years. Male were 271(77...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal
Introduction: Oligohydramnios is described as decreased amniotic fluid volume relative to gestational age. Semiquantitatively it is described using the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) which is calculated by adding the depth in centimetres of the largest vertical pocket in each of four equal uterine quadrants. AFI less than or equal to 5 cm is defined as oligohydramnios. A Borderline Oligohydramnios (BO) is defined as AFI 5.1-8 cm. Aim: To assess the maternal and perinatal outcome of induction in borderline oligohydramnios cases at term...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, M R Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar
Introduction: Renal stone is a distressing chronic condition which is getting common across the world. The rigorous evidence on multiple risk factors of kidney stone from a single study is limited. Aim: To find out the social and dietary risk factors responsible for the occurrence of kidney stone in a local community in rural Puducherry, India. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based unmatched case-control study. Based on existing information, a sample of 70 cases and 140 controls was calculated and considered adequate...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jothimani Pradeep, Selvaraj Stephen, Stanley Ambroise, Dhandapany Gunasekaran
Introduction: Query (Q) fever is an important zoonosis and a cause of concern for humans, due to the potential bioterrorism threat posed by the causative agent, Coxiella burnetii . Because of the danger of contracting the illness, isolation attempts are seldom made. Serological and molecular diagnostic tests are the main option. Aim: To study the prevalence of acute Q fever in Puducherry and surrounding districts of Tamil Nadu, India, employing a new commercial Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) kit and confirming it by the gold standard Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Selvarathinam Ajay Philips, Kumar Manochitra, Subhash Chandra Parija
Introduction: Amebiasis is known to be caused by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Entamoeba dispar is considered to be a sibling species of E. histolytica, as the two are phylogenetically closest. There are reports that certain strains of E. dispar isolated were capable of causing hepatic lesions in the experimental animal models. The intra-/inter-species genetic variation has been found to have profound implication in the invasiveness of the disease. Thus, studying polymorphism in E...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
Selvaraj Stephen, Jothimani Pradeep, Velmurugan Anitharaj, Venkatraman Janarthanam
Our objective is to study the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in the voluntary blood donors of Puducherry and surrounding districts of Tamil Nadu. A total of 275 healthy blood donors were screened for the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii by ELISA test. Donor samples positive for IgM and/or IgG antibodies to T. gondii were subjected to IgG avidity ELISA. While, 54 out of 275 donors had IgG antibodies (19.66%), only one donor had IgM (0.36%) along with IgG. Among 54 IgG positive donors, only two had low avidity (3...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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