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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891353/association-of-c-reactive-protein-rs1205-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-to-psoriasis-in-south-indian-tamils
#1
Anjana Sudhesan, Medha Rajappa, Laxmisha Chandrashekar, Palghat Hariharan Ananthanarayanan, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Santhosh Satheesh, Adithan Chandrasekaran, Panneer Devaraju
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a multi-factorial heritable T-helper Th-1/Th-17 mediated inflammatory disease, affecting the skin. It is associated with co-morbidities such as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a good inflammatory marker. CRP rs1205 polymorphism is associated with circulating plasma CRP levels. Although there is association between the rs1205 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and CVD, there are no prior reports regarding the association of CRP rs1205 SNP with psoriasis susceptibility...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867877/does-one-to-one-demonstration-with-insulin-pads-by-health-care-providers-improves-the-insulin-administration-techniques-among-diabetic-patients-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#2
Urvasi Kapoor, Gomathi Ramasamy, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Jaya Prakash Sahoo, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to capture the effect of using injection pads as a tool in educating the diabetic patients who were on insulin. The attitude and practice of the patients in storage of insulin vials and disposal of insulin syringes were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A facility based Quasi-experimental study was carried out among the diabetic patients on insulin, attending diabetic clinic in endocrinology OPD in a tertiary care hospital, Puducherry...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865237/smoked-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-rntcp-in-urban-puducherry-india
#3
Veerakumar Arumugam Mariappan, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Govindarajan Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes like failures and defaults among the TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in urban Pondicherry and study the association of various socio-demographic variables with current smoked and smokeless tobacco users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819699/household-biocide-use-and-personal-safety-practices-among-rural-population-in-south-india-a-community-based-study
#4
Karthik Balajee Laksham, Vinothkumar Kalidoss, Parthibane Sivanantham, Perumal Murthy Sambath, Manoj Kumar Arunachalam, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Household pesticides (biocides) are widely used for the purpose of controlling vector-borne diseases. Exposure to biocides causes various health hazards in human beings. Prevalence of biocide use, storage methods, and personal protection measures while handling biocides are not known among rural households in South India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A communitybased cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 households in rural Puducherry (union territory)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790470/beneficiary-satisfaction-regarding-old-age-pension-scheme-and-its-utilization-pattern-in-urban-puducherry-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Saravanan Jothi, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Jayalakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ramya Selvaraj
INTRODUCTION: National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS) was aimed at providing a safety net for India's aging population in terms of social, economical and moral support by helping eligible elderly citizens with direct cash benefit. AIM: To assess the beneficiary satisfaction and utilization pattern of the monetary benefit received under the old age pension scheme and to explore the perception of the stakeholders regarding delivery of the pension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a mixed method research consisting of both quantitative surveys and qualitative in-depth interviews...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733806/socio-demographic-study-on-extent-of-knowledge-awareness-attitude-and-risks-of-zoonotic-diseases-among-livestock-owners-in-puducherry-region
#6
K Rajkumar, A Bhattacharya, S David, S Hari Balaji, R Hariharan, M Jayakumar, N Balaji
AIM: This study was conducted to assess the extent of knowledge, awareness, attitude, and risks of zoonotic diseases among livestock owners in Puducherry region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 livestock farmers were selected randomly from eight revenue villages. And each farmer was interviewed with a questionnaire containing both open- and close-ended questions on various aspects of zoonotic diseases, a total of 49 questionnaires were framed to assess the source and transmission of infection to the farmers and to test their knowledge and awareness about zoonotic diseases...
September 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#7
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638791/evaluation-of-the-multiple-biomarkers-on-identification-of-the-vulnerable-coastal-pollution-hotspots
#8
G Hariharan, R Purvaja, R S Robin, R Ramesh
This paper presents multiple biomarkers on metal accumulation and its impacts along the Chennai to Puducherry, southeast coast of India using bivalves as bioindicators. In this regard, water samples and Perna viridis were collected from three stations and the accumulation of metals and its biological impacts were assessed. Among the three sampling stations, the maximum accumulation was noticed in Ennore (S1) than the Puducherry (S3) followed by Kovalam (S2). Mean accumulation pattern of metals in Perna viridis was found to be in the following order Zn > Cu > Ni > Cr > Pb > Cd, which were in close match with the metal concentration in seawater at respective site...
September 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630948/colour-preference-to-emotions-in-relation-to-the-anxiety-level-among-school-children-in-puducherry-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Kattakayam Annamary, Gajula Shivashankarappa Prathima, Renganathan Sajeev, Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Venkatesan Ramesh, Govindasamy Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Dental setting plays an important role in child's behavior and cooperation to the planned dental treatment. Adding attractive colours to the dental environment and by incorporating colourful equipments can make the child feel good and be at ease. This study tries to convey the relationship between colours and dental anxiety among children. AIM: To evaluate the colour preference to emotions in relation to children's age, gender and anxiety level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 382 children aged 6-12 years were randomly selected from schools in and around Puducherry...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630841/gyra-ser83-and-parc-trp106-mutations-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-isolated-from-typhoid-fever-patients-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Muthu Gopal, Sathishkumar Elumalai, Suresh Arumugam, Vishnuprabu Durairajpandian, Munirajan Arasambattu Kannan, Esthermary Selvam, Srivani Seetharaman
INTRODUCTION: Typhoid fever is endemic in India and other developing countries, causing major public health problems with high morbidity and mortality. The resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) towards commonly prescribed antimicrobials is increasing in developing countries. However, there have been several reports of the therapeutic failure of fluoroquinolones in patients with Salmonella infection. Resistance to quinolones/ fluoroquinolones commonly arises due to target site mutation...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630838/identification-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-phenotypic-tests-vs-molecular-assay-spy1258pcr-a-comparative-study
#11
Tintu Abraham, Sujatha Sistla
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally Group A Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) is differentiated from other beta haemolytic streptococci (BHS) by certain presumptive tests such as bacitracin sensitivity and production of Pyrollidonyl Aryl Sulfatase (PYR). The phenotypic and genotypic confirmatory tests are Lancefield grouping for cell wall carbohydrate antigen and PCR for spy1258 gene respectively. Reliance on presumptive tests alone may lead to misidentification of isolates. AIM: To compare the predictive values of routine phenotypic tests with spy1258 PCR for the identification of Streptococcus pyogenes...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621562/clinically-profiling-pediatric-patients-with-dengue
#12
Sriram Pothapregada, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalaskhmy Thulasingham, Srinivasan Sampath
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of dengue fever in children at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children (0-12 years of age) diagnosed and confirmed as dengue fever from August 2012 to January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively from hospital case records as per the revised World Health Organization guidelines for dengue fever. The diagnosis was confirmed by NS1 antigen-based ELISA test or dengue serology for IgM and IgG antibodies, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536030/genetic-characterization-of-fluoroquinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-associated-with-bovine-mastitis-in-india
#13
Sangeetha Balakrishnan, Prabhakar Xavier Antony, Hirak Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Raghavan Madhusoodanan Pillai, Jacob Thanislass, Vijayalakshmi Padmanaban, Mouttou Vivek Srinivas
AIM: The present study was undertaken to characterize the mutation in gyrA (DNA gyrase) and parC (topoisomerase IV) genes responsible for fluoroquinolone resistance in Escherichia coli isolates associated with the bovine mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 92 milk samples from bovine mastitis cases were sampled in and around Puducherry (Southern India). Among these samples, 30 isolates were bacteriologically characterized as E. coli. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of fluoroquinolones of these 30 E...
July 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520889/maternal-and-birth-risk-factors-for-children-screening-positive-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-on-m-chat-r
#14
Saranya Ravi, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Shivanand Kattimani, Mahadevan Subramanian
This study was carried out to screen children aged 16-30 months, attending pediatric outpatient department of JIPMER, Puducherry, during June to August 2014, for ASD using modified checklist for autism in toddlers-revised (MCHAT-R) and to find association between maternal, birth and postnatal risk factors with risk of ASD. A total of 350 mother-child pairs with children aged between 16 and 30 months were recruited. M-CHAT-R was administered to all mothers to screen for ASD along with risk checklist. Based on screen result children were classified as ASD (high risk) and no ASD (low and medium risk) group...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502089/molecular-characterisation-of-parvoviruses-from-domestic-cats-reveals-emergence-of-newer-variants-in-india
#15
Hirak K Mukhopadhyay, Mangadevi Nookala, Nobal Rk Thangamani, Amsaveni Sivaprakasam, Prabhakar X Antony, Jacob Thanislass, Mouttou V Srinivas, Raghavan M Pillai
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to characterise the viral polypeptide 2 (VP2) gene of parvovirus from domestic cats in India. METHODS: The faecal samples from diarrhoeic/healthy domestic cats were collected from different geographical regions of India for screening by PCR assay followed by sequence analysis of the VP2 gene. RESULTS: Canine parvovirus (CPV)/feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections were found in 12 samples (11...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399216/prevalence-of-self-reported-morbidities-functional-disabilities-and-access-to-supportive-aids-among-the-elderly-of-urban-puducherry
#16
S Kalaiselvi, N Ramachandran, D Nair, C Palanivel
Background: Planning of healthcare services at the primary care level needs to account for common prevailing problems and disabilities among elderly in the community to improve their quality of life. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported morbidities and functional disabilities among the elderly and to find out predictors and barriers of health seeking behavior against functional disabilities. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two areas from the urban field practice area of a tertiary care institute in Puducherry during January to February 2014...
November 6, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390477/effectiveness-of-video-assisted-teaching-program-on-safety-measures-followed-by-the-employees-working-in-the-silica-based-industry-in-puducherry-india
#17
Thiruvengadam Nanthini, Karaline Karunagari
INTRODUCTION: Employees constitute a large and important sector of the world's population. The global labor force is about 2,600 million and 75% of this force is working in developing countries. Occupational health and safety (OHS) must be managed in every aspect of their work. Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as OHS or workplace health and safety (WHS) is an area concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people engaged in any employment. The goal of OSH is to foster a safe and healthy work environment...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239952/alarmingly-high-level-of-alcohol-use-among-fishermen-a-community-based-survey-from-a-coastal-area-of-south-india
#18
Palanivel Chinnakali, Pruthu Thekkur, A Manoj Kumar, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Balaji Bharadwaj, Gautam Roy
INTRODUCTION: Though studies from western world have reported high prevalence of alcohol use among fishermen, there is lack of information from developing world. Hence this study was carried out among fishermen in a coastal area of southern India to 1) determine the prevalence of alcohol use among fishermen 2) describe the pattern of alcohol use 3) identify factors associated with alcohol use. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among fishermen in a coastal village of Puducherry, India...
August 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222806/sequence-analysis-of-pfcrt-and-pfmdr1-genes-and-its-association-with-chloroquine-resistance-in-southeast-indian-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates
#19
Hiasindh Ashmi Antony, Sindhusuta Das, Subhash Chandra Parija, Sanghamitra Padhi
BACKGROUND: Due to the widespread resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine drug, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been recommended as the first-line treatment. This study aims to evaluate the extent of chloroquine resistance in P. falciparum infection after the introduction of ACT. This study was carried out based on the mutation analysis in P. falciparum chloroquine resistant transporter (pfcrt) and P. falciparum multidrug resistance 1 (pfmdr1) genes. Identification of these molecular markers plays a significant role in monitoring and assessment of drug resistance as well as in designing an effective antimalarial drug policy in India...
June 2016: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221677/attack-rate-and-household-secondary-attack-rate-of-acute-conjunctivitis-during-an-outbreak-in-south-india-a-community-based-survey
#20
Pruthu Thekkur, Mahendra M Reddy, Bijaya Nanda Naik, L Subitha, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge on epidemiology of the disease in the contemporary world will help to develop appropriate strategies to curtail the transmission during an outbreak. This study was carried out during an outbreak of conjunctivitis in selected areas of Puducherry, South India, to assess the attack rate of conjunctivitis, identify factors associated with developing conjunctivitis and calculate household secondary attack rate (HSAR) of conjunctivitis and its correlates. METHODOLOGY: During December 2014, a community-based survey was conducted in a selected urban and rural area in Puducherry, South India...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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