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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511380/fungal-profile-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#1
Krishnapriya Kalaiarasan, Rakesh Singh, Latha Chaturvedula
INTRODUCTION: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is a common medical health problem of adult women. It is most commonly caused by Candida albicans. But there is a change in fungal profile. Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar (SDA) is the most common culture medium used where mixed fungal infection may be missed. It can be detected easily by using chromogenic culture medium. AIM: To know the fungal profile of vulvovaginal candidiasis using Candida CHROMagar and antifungal susceptibility pattern in patients attending tertiary care hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503345/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-rural-puducherry-india
#2
K L Balajee, N Ramachandran, L Subitha
BACKGROUND: For many of the end-stage organ diseases, organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment. The need for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness regarding organ donation is needed and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. AIM: This study aims to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding organ donation among the rural population and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors associated with their awareness...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474626/abundance-distribution-of-trombiculid-mites-orientia-tsutsugamushi-the-vectors-pathogen-of-scrub-typhus-in-rodents-shrews-collected-from-puducherry-tamil-nadu-india
#3
Sadanandane Candasamy, Elango Ayyanar, Kummankottil Paily, Patricia Anitha Karthikeyan, Agatheswaran Sundararajan, Jambulingam Purushothaman
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Human cases of scrub typhus are reported every year from Puducherry and adjoining areas in southern India. However, information on the presence of causative agent, Orientia tsutsugamushi, and its vectors is lacking. Hence, the objective of the study was to find out the vector as well as pathogen distribution in rodents and shrews present in the scrub typhus-reported areas in southern India. METHODS: Trombiculid mites were collected by combing rats and shrews collected using Sherman traps and identified to species level following standard taxonomical keys...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459036/consensus-statement-on-dose-modifications-of-antidiabetic-agents-in-patients-with-hepatic-impairment
#4
REVIEW
Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay, Parminder Singh
Liver disease is an important cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is estimated that diabetes is the most common cause of liver disease in the United States. Virtually, entire spectrum of liver disease is seen in T2DM including abnormal liver enzymes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and acute liver failure. The treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) in cirrhotic patients has particular challenges as follows: (1) about half the patients have malnutrition; (2) patients already have advanced liver disease when clinical DM is diagnosed; (3) most of the oral antidiabetic agents (ADAs) are metabolized in the liver; (4) patients often have episodes of hypoglycemia...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348997/proportion-of-beneficiaries-and-factors-affecting-janani-suraksha-yojana-direct-cash-transfer-scheme-in-puducherry-india
#5
K Rajarajan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
INTRODUCTION: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) direct benefit transfer scheme was launched in the year 2013 in India and there is a paucity of information affecting it. The study aimed to assess the proportion of eligible beneficiaries utilizing JSY direct cash benefit transfer in Puducherry and to identify its barriers and facilitating factors. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted from January to March 2015 among 152 eligible JSY beneficiaries residing in rural and urban field practice areas of a tertiary care institution in Puducherry, India...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348995/a-study-on-alcohol-use-and-its-related-health-and-social-problems-in-rural-puducherry-india
#6
V Vijay Ramanan, Suresh Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Harmful use of alcohol was the cause for 5.9% of all deaths and 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury. India is the third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world with estimated 62.5 million alcohol user in 2005. The objective of this study was to know the prevalence of alcohol consumption, pattern of drinking, and its effect on people's health and social consequences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 850 households selected from 19 villages of two Primary Health Centers...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331249/effectiveness-of-mind-mapping-technique-in-information-retrieval-among-medical-college-students-in-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#7
Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Sherin Billy Abraham, Divija Ramachandran, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Joy Bazroy, Zile Singh, Anil Jacob Purty
BACKGROUND: The traditional teaching learning methods involve a one way process of transmission of knowledge leaving the students lacking behind in creative abilities. Medical schools need to change their teaching strategies to keep the interest of students and empower them for future self- learning and critical thinking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mind mapping technique in information retrieval among medical college students in Puducherry. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted using experimental study design among sixth semester MBBS students (n = 64) at a medical college in Puducherry, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330235/antimicrobial-activities-of-a-promising-glycolipid-biosurfactant-from-a-novel-marine-staphylococcus-saprophyticus-sbps-15
#8
P Mani, G Dineshkumar, T Jayaseelan, K Deepalakshmi, C Ganesh Kumar, S Senthil Balan
Biosurfactants have gained a renewed interest in the recent years for their commercial application in diverse research areas. Recent evidences suggest that the antimicrobial activities exhibited by biosurfactants make them promising molecules for the application in the field of therapeutics. Marine microbes are well known for their unique metabolic and functional properties; however, few reports are available till date regarding their biosurfactant production and antimicrobial potential. In an ongoing survey for bioactive microbial metabolites from microbes isolated from diverse ecological niches, a marine Staphylococcus saprophyticus SBPS 15 isolated from the petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated coastal site, Puducherry, India, was identified as a promising biosurfactant producer based on multiple screening methods...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272070/epidemiology-of-mental-disability-using-indian-disability-evaluation-assessment-scale-among-general-population-in-an-urban-area-of-puducherry-india
#10
S G Kumar, K C Premarajan, S Kattimani, S S Kar
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on epidemiology of mental disability in India. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess mental disability, and to study the association between sociodemographic and comorbid chronic conditions with mental disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among ≥5 years age group in an urban area attached to a Tertiary Care Medical Institute in Puducherry, India...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249821/ethno-veterinary-practices-in-southern-india-for-captive-asian-elephant-ailments
#11
Samidurai Jayakumar, Selvarasu Sathiskumar, Nagarajan Baskaran, Radjasegarin Arumugam, Varadhrajan Vanitha
ETHENOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India has a long tradition of practicing Ayurvedic medicine not only for human ailments, but also for the management of livestock in the form of ethno-veterinary practices. Asian elephant is a significant part of Indian culture, and ethno-veterinary practices have extended to manage and cure various ailments of Asian elephant in captivity. Much of this knowledge has been lost in the light of modern practices. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aimed at documenting the existing knowledge on ethno-veterinary medicines practiced by elephant keepers (mahouts) in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#12
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216868/estimation-of-palliative-care-need-in-the-urban-community-of-puducherry
#13
A Praveena Daya, Sonali Sarkar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
CONTEXT: The coverage of palliative care services is inadequate in India. Data on number of people needing palliative care and disease conditions needing palliative care needs to be estimated prior to planning of service in any area. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of need of palliative care in an urban area of Puducherry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Exploratory cross-sectional study conducted in two areas, Senthamarainagar and Thiruvalluvarnagar having about 500 households each in Muthialpet area in urban Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166911/health-related-quality-of-life-among-tuberculosis-patients-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-in-rural-and-urban-puducherry
#14
S Ramkumar, S Vijayalakshmi, N Seetharaman, R Pajanivel, A Lokeshmaran
BACKGROUND: Globally, tuberculosis (TB) continues to be the major public health problem. Limited research is carried out on the impact of the disease on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). The study aims to assess the HR-QoL among TB patients during and after Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) therapy and to compare the HR-QoL of these patients with matched neighbourhood controls. METHODOLOGY: A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Ariyankuppam and Bahour communes of Puducherry from January 2014 to April 2015...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149064/effect-of-a-12-week-yoga-therapy-program-on-mental-health-status-in-elderly-women-inmates-of-a-hospice
#15
Meena Ramanathan, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Madanmohan Trakroo
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga on the mental health status of elderly women inmates residing in a hospice in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty elderly women were randomly divided into yoga and wait-listed control group. A yoga therapy program of 60 min was given twice a week for 12 weeks. This protocol was specially designed for senior citizens, keeping in mind their health status and physical limitations that included simple warm-up and breath-body movement coordination practices (jathis and kriyas), static stretching postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayamas), and relaxation...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123961/mdr-tb-in-puducherry-india-reduction-in-attrition-and-turnaround-time-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-pathway
#16
H D Shewade, S Govindarajan, P Thekkur, C Palanivel, M Muthaiah, A M V Kumar, V Gupta, B N Sharath, J P Tripathy, K Vivekananda, G Roy
Setting: A mixed-methods operational research (OR) study was conducted to examine the diagnosis and treatment pathway of patients with presumptive multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) during 2012-2013 under the national TB programme in Puducherry, India. High pre-diagnosis and pre-treatment attrition and the reasons for these were identified. The recommendations from this OR were implemented and we planned to assess systematically whether there were any improvements. Objectives: Among patients with presumptive MDR-TB (July-December 2014), 1) to determine pre-diagnosis and pre-treatment attrition, 2) to determine factors associated with pre-diagnosis attrition, 3) to determine the turnaround time (TAT) from eligibility to testing and from diagnosis to treatment initiation, and 4) to compare these findings with those of the previous study (2012-2013)...
December 21, 2016: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123264/crown-size-and-arch-width-dimension-as-an-indicator-in-gender-determination-for-a-puducherry-population
#17
Juhi Gupta, M Jonathan Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Tooth morphometry is resistant to postmortem destruction and can be used as an adjunct in skeletal sex and age determination. Therefore, an attempt was made to compare mandibular canine index (MCI) and Pont's index for their level of accuracy in gender determination for a Puducherry population. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate crown size and arch width dimension for the Puducherry population using MCI and Pont's index. To compare the MCI and Pont's index, for the level of accuracy in gender determination and to validate its use as a forensic tool...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050407/female-college-students-knowledge-attitude-and-future-intention-towards-breastfeeding-implications-for-advocacy
#18
Ramya Padmanabhan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Palnivel Chinnakalai
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is important for promoting child's health. Since, breastfeeding decisions are made before pregnancy and are strongly influenced by women's knowledge and attitude, it is important to identify knowledge gaps in youth girls. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and future intention regarding infant feeding among female college students in Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was done among 307 college going female students...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050364/serological-diagnosis-of-acute-scrub-typhus-in-southern-india-evaluation-of-inbios-scrub-typhus-detect-igm-rapid-test-and-comparison-with-other-serological-tests
#19
Velmurugan Anitharaj, Selvaraj Stephen, Jothimani Pradeep, Sungman Park, Seung-Han Kim, Young Jin Kim, Eun-Ye Kim, Yoon-Won Kim
INTRODUCTION: Scrub Typhus (ST) is being reported from different parts of India in the recent past. However, the diagnosis and confirmation of ST cases require specific serological and molecular diagnostic tests. Both rapid and conventional ELISA tests need to be properly evaluated. AIM: Evaluation of a new ST IgM Immunochromatography (ICT) test kit (InBios Scrub Typhus Detect IgM Rapid Test) and compare it with another rapid kit, conventional ELISA kit and Weil-Felix (WF) test...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043815/associations-among-insulin-resistance-triacylglycerol-high-density-lipoprotein-tag-hdl-ratio-and-thyroid-hormone-levels-a-study-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-and-overweight-subjects
#20
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Mohammed Hanifah, Anandraj Lokesh Maran
AIM: Triacylglycerol/High density lipoprotein (TAG/HDL) ratio, a surrogate marker of LDL particle size (small dense) was included in our study to observe the link with insulin resistance and thyroid co-morbidity. METHODS: Ninety three patients with T2DM of both genders were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry, during the latter half of 2015. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipid profile, glycated haemoglobin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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