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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717320/coxiellosis-in-domestic-livestock-of-puducherry-and-tamil-nadu-detection-of-coxiella-burnetii-dna-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-slaughtered-ruminants
#1
Jothimani Pradeep, Selvaraj Stephen, Pratheesh Pooja, Anbalagan Akshayavardhini, Balakrishnan Sangeetha, Prabakar Xavier Antony
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the course of our Indian Council of Medical Research project on coxiellosis in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, 5.64% goat, 1.85% sheep, 1.06% buffaloes, and 0.97% cattle were positive for Coxiella burnetii antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit (IDEXX, Liebefeld, Switzerland). In this preliminary study, we have proceeded to look for C. burnetii DNA in those antibody positive specimens employing an imported commercial C. burnetii polymerase chain reaction (PCR) kit...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713611/vascular-foramina-of-navicular-bone-a-morphometric-study
#2
Vani Prathapamchandra, Praveena Ravichandran, Jayanthi Shanmugasundaram, Anbalagan Jayaraman, Rajasekar Sivaprakasam Salem
The navicular bone is supplied by more than one artery. The knowledge about the vascular foramina is important to understand the pathogenesis and management of navicular fractures. The objective of the present study is to analyze the morphology and morphometry of vascular foramina of dried human navicular bone in Indian population. The study was carried out by using 100 navicular bones (50 right and 50 left) collected from our institute and other medical institutes in and around Puducherry. The bones were macroscopically studied for vascular foramina with respect to its location, number, size, and shape...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701285/association-of-divalent-cations-and-insulin-resistance-with-thyroid-hormones-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Niranjan Gopal, Ramesh Ramaswamy
AIM: The study was primarily aimed at investigating the association of Magnesium and Zinc levels in the serum of adult Non- obese and Obese type 2 diabetic patients, with particular reference to thyroid comorbidity. METHODS: 108 patients with T2DM of both genders (24 Non obese and 84 Obese) were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index, Waist hip ratio, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile and glycated haemoglobin...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658812/factors-associated-with-physical-inactivity-among-adult-urban-population-of-puducherry-india-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ariarathinam Newtonraj, Natesan Murugan, Zile Singh, Ramesh Chand Chauhan, Anandan Velavan, Manikandan Mani
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Increase in physical activity decreases the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes, stroke, and improves psychological wellbeing. AIM: To study the level of physical inactivity among the adult population in an urban area of Puducherry in India and its associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 569 adult participants from an urban area of Pondicherry...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658758/a-stratified-analysis-of-clinical-manifestations-and-different-diagnostic-methods-of-neurocysticercosis-suspected-tamilian-population-residing-in-and-around-puducherry
#5
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raja Muthuraman, Sheeba Arockiamary Thasan, Gayathri Kasinathan, Jharna Mandal, Subhash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Human beings are accidental hosts for Cysticercus cellulosae showing varied clinical manifestations based on the site harbored by the parasitic cyst because of which disease profile remains unexplored at large. Besides this, diagnosis of the disease with a single conventional method is problematic due to lack of specificity and sensitivity. AIM: To assess the varied clinical manifestations and stratify based on imaging and serological methods for diagnosis of Neurocysticercosis (NCC) in our study population...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631639/prevalence-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-among-the-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#6
Lavanya Segar, Joshy M Easow, Sreenivasan Srirangaraj, Mohammad Hanifah, Noyal M Joseph, K S Seetha
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile, a most important nosocomial enteric pathogen, is recognized globally as responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea and colitis. It is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality due to widespread use of antibiotics. AIMS: The study was done to determine the prevalence of C. difficile infection (CDI) among the patients attending a tertiary care teaching hospital in Puducherry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study in Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616409/awareness-and-perceptions-regarding-common-cancers-among-adult-population-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-india
#7
Arumugam Mariappan Veerakumar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
BACKGROUND: Awareness regarding cancer signs and symptoms and their screening and treatment method was low in India. OBJECTIVES: To assess the awareness level of common cancers, perception regarding prevention and treatment of common cancers, association between sociodemographic variables with the awareness level of common cancers in the adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 299 adults from the field practice areas of Our Rural Health Centre, Puducherry, during April-May 2014...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584823/awareness-of-health-warnings-and-factors-predicting-awareness-and-perceived-effectiveness-of-pictorial-health-warnings-on-tobacco-products-among-adults-in-rural-puducherry-india
#8
Anindo Majumdar, S Ganesh Kumar, Ramya Selvaraj
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists in India about the awareness and perception of the people regarding pictorial health warnings (PHWs) and text warnings on tobacco products, more so from rural areas. Objectives were to report the awareness of these warnings, factors predicting awareness and perceived effectiveness of PHWs, and understanding of their content in a rural population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two villages (chosen randomly out of total four) in the rural field practice area of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Puducherry...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558893/are-there-differences-in-the-mental-health-status-of-adolescents-in-puducherry
#9
Sibnath Deb, Pooja Sathyanarayanan, Ravali Machiraju, Shinto Thomas, Kevin McGirr
The present study assessed the mental health of adolescents in Puducherry, India. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 291 students (121 male and 170 female) in the 14-17year old age group, grades IX and XI. The students were recruited from private, public, co-ed and single sex schools. Along with a Structured Questionnaire, the Mental Health Inventory was administered. We sought to investigate as to whether there would be differences in mental health status of adolescents based on age, class, gender and other demographic variables...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553589/primary-healthcare-based-diabetes-registry-in-puducherry-design-and-methods
#10
Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, Rajeev Gupta, Denis Xavier, S Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy
BACKGROUND: Diabetes registries monitor the population prevalence and incidence of diabetes, monitor diabetes control program, provide information of quality of care to health service providers, and provide a sampling frame for interventional studies. This study documents the process of establishing a prospective diabetes registry in a primary health-care setting in Puducherry. METHODS: This is a facility-based prospective registry conducted in six randomly selected urban health centers in Puducherry, with enrollment of all known patients with diabetes attending chronic disease clinics...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552252/elucidation-of-seasonal-variations-of-physicochemical-and-biological-parameters-with-statistical-analysis-methods-in-puducherry-coastal-waters
#11
M D Bharathi, Sivaji Patra, S Sundaramoorthy, P Madeswaran, A Sundaramanickam
The present investigation aimed to study the effect of monsoonal and anthropogenic influences on the water quality parameters of Puducherry coastal waters. Surface water sampling was performed at three fixed stations in four distinct seasons during 2011. Physical water quality parameters such as salinity and TSM showed strong seasonal and spatial variability. Evaporation and monsoonal runoff seem to be the major controlling forces for these parameters in the coastal waters. Seasonal distribution of the parameters showed a random pattern for nitrate and a well-defined pattern for silicate...
May 25, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511380/fungal-profile-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
Krishnapriya Kalaiarasan, Rakesh Singh, Latha Chaturvedula
INTRODUCTION: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is a common medical health problem of adult women. It is most commonly caused by Candida albicans. But there is a change in fungal profile. Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar (SDA) is the most common culture medium used where mixed fungal infection may be missed. It can be detected easily by using chromogenic culture medium. AIM: To know the fungal profile of vulvovaginal candidiasis using Candida CHROMagar and antifungal susceptibility pattern in patients attending tertiary care hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503345/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-rural-puducherry-india
#13
K L Balajee, N Ramachandran, L Subitha
BACKGROUND: For many of the end-stage organ diseases, organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment. The need for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness regarding organ donation is needed and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. AIM: This study aims to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding organ donation among the rural population and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors associated with their awareness...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474626/abundance-distribution-of-trombiculid-mites-orientia-tsutsugamushi-the-vectors-pathogen-of-scrub-typhus-in-rodents-shrews-collected-from-puducherry-tamil-nadu-india
#14
Sadanandane Candasamy, Elango Ayyanar, Kummankottil Paily, Patricia Anitha Karthikeyan, Agatheswaran Sundararajan, Jambulingam Purushothaman
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Human cases of scrub typhus are reported every year from Puducherry and adjoining areas in southern India. However, information on the presence of causative agent, Orientia tsutsugamushi, and its vectors is lacking. Hence, the objective of the study was to find out the vector as well as pathogen distribution in rodents and shrews present in the scrub typhus-reported areas in southern India. METHODS: Trombiculid mites were collected by combing rats and shrews collected using Sherman traps and identified to species level following standard taxonomical keys...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459036/consensus-statement-on-dose-modifications-of-antidiabetic-agents-in-patients-with-hepatic-impairment
#15
REVIEW
Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay, Parminder Singh
Liver disease is an important cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is estimated that diabetes is the most common cause of liver disease in the United States. Virtually, entire spectrum of liver disease is seen in T2DM including abnormal liver enzymes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and acute liver failure. The treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) in cirrhotic patients has particular challenges as follows: (1) about half the patients have malnutrition; (2) patients already have advanced liver disease when clinical DM is diagnosed; (3) most of the oral antidiabetic agents (ADAs) are metabolized in the liver; (4) patients often have episodes of hypoglycemia...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348997/proportion-of-beneficiaries-and-factors-affecting-janani-suraksha-yojana-direct-cash-transfer-scheme-in-puducherry-india
#16
K Rajarajan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
INTRODUCTION: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) direct benefit transfer scheme was launched in the year 2013 in India and there is a paucity of information affecting it. The study aimed to assess the proportion of eligible beneficiaries utilizing JSY direct cash benefit transfer in Puducherry and to identify its barriers and facilitating factors. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted from January to March 2015 among 152 eligible JSY beneficiaries residing in rural and urban field practice areas of a tertiary care institution in Puducherry, India...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348995/a-study-on-alcohol-use-and-its-related-health-and-social-problems-in-rural-puducherry-india
#17
V Vijay Ramanan, Suresh Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Harmful use of alcohol was the cause for 5.9% of all deaths and 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury. India is the third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world with estimated 62.5 million alcohol user in 2005. The objective of this study was to know the prevalence of alcohol consumption, pattern of drinking, and its effect on people's health and social consequences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 850 households selected from 19 villages of two Primary Health Centers...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331249/effectiveness-of-mind-mapping-technique-in-information-retrieval-among-medical-college-students-in-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#18
Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Sherin Billy Abraham, Divija Ramachandran, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Joy Bazroy, Zile Singh, Anil Jacob Purty
BACKGROUND: The traditional teaching learning methods involve a one way process of transmission of knowledge leaving the students lacking behind in creative abilities. Medical schools need to change their teaching strategies to keep the interest of students and empower them for future self- learning and critical thinking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mind mapping technique in information retrieval among medical college students in Puducherry. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted using experimental study design among sixth semester MBBS students (n = 64) at a medical college in Puducherry, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330235/antimicrobial-activities-of-a-promising-glycolipid-biosurfactant-from-a-novel-marine-staphylococcus-saprophyticus-sbps-15
#19
P Mani, G Dineshkumar, T Jayaseelan, K Deepalakshmi, C Ganesh Kumar, S Senthil Balan
Biosurfactants have gained a renewed interest in the recent years for their commercial application in diverse research areas. Recent evidences suggest that the antimicrobial activities exhibited by biosurfactants make them promising molecules for the application in the field of therapeutics. Marine microbes are well known for their unique metabolic and functional properties; however, few reports are available till date regarding their biosurfactant production and antimicrobial potential. In an ongoing survey for bioactive microbial metabolites from microbes isolated from diverse ecological niches, a marine Staphylococcus saprophyticus SBPS 15 isolated from the petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated coastal site, Puducherry, India, was identified as a promising biosurfactant producer based on multiple screening methods...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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