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Ascites approach

Maria F Gencoglu, Lauren E Barney, Christopher L Hall, Elizabeth A Brooks, Alyssa D Schwartz, Daniel C Corbett, Kelly R Stevens, Shelly R Peyton
Improved in vitro models are needed to better understand cancer progression and bridge the gap between in vitro proof-of-concept studies, in vivo validation, and clinical application. Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) are a popular method for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture, because they capture some aspects of the dimensionality, cell-cell contact, and cell-matrix interactions seen in vivo. Many approaches exist to create MCTS from cell lines, and they have been used to study tumor cell invasion, growth, and how cells respond to drugs in physiologically relevant 3D microenvironments...
February 12, 2018: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Gulraiz Chaudry, Anna P Lillis, Raja Shaikh, Horacio M Padua, Rush H Chewning, Ahmad I Alomari
PURPOSE: To characterize anatomy of congenital arterioportal fistulas (CAPF) and correlate this with technique and outcomes of transcatheter embolization (TCE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of children with CAPF that underwent TCE in a 10-year period. Medical records, imaging and procedure details were reviewed. TCE was performed via transarterial (n = 5), portal (n = 5) or patent ductus venosus (n = 1) approach. Embolic agents used were coils (n = 10), Onyx (n = 1) and Amplatzer septal occluder (n = 1)...
March 6, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Sheryl Tulin-Silver, Chrystal Obi, Nishita Kothary, Matthew Lungren
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) with tract embolization in pediatric patients with liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TJLB and PLB between December 2009 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Primary endpoints were adequate sampling and complication rate. Patient age, weight, coagulation factors, ascites, blood transfusions, adequacy of biopsy sample, number of biopsy samples, and complications were compared...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jungok Kim, Cheol-In Kang, Geum-Youn Gwak, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
Background/Aims: Healthcare-associated (HCA) infection is a recently suggested new category of community-onset infections. The implications of HCA infections in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) are not well understood. We sought to delineate the differences between community-acquired (CA) SBP and HCA SBP with specific interest in the antimicrobial resistance of causative microorganisms and outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all SBP episodes with positive ascitic culture and/or blood culture from June 2000 to August 2011...
March 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
H V Sudeep, K Gouthamchandra, B J Venkatesh, K Shyam Prasad
Background: Withania somnifera is an Indian medicinal herb known for the multipotential ability to cure various therapeutic ailments as described in the ayurvedic system of medicine. Objective: In the present study, we have evaluated the antiproliferative activity of a standardized W. somnifera root extract (Viwithan) against different human and murine cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of Viwithan was determined using thiazolyl blue tetrazolium blue assay and crystal violet staining...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Nicholas G Berger, Josi L Herren, Chrissy Liu, Robert H Burrow, Jack P Silva, Susan Tsai, Kathleen K Christians, T Clark Gamblin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ablation is a common treatment modality for malignant primary liver tumors(PLTs), outcomes following laparoscopic (LA) versus open ablation (OA) are ill-defined. This project compares peri-procedural outcomes of LA versus OA for PLTs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with PLTs undergoing radiofrequency ablation were queried from ACS NSQIP Database (2005-2013) using CPT codes. Patients undergoing percutaneous ablation or hepatic resection were excluded...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Bénédicte Sudrié-Arnaud, Florent Marguet, Sophie Patrier, Jelena Martinovic, Ferielle Louillet, Françoise Broux, Françoise Charbonnier, Hélène Dranguet, Sophie Coutant, Myriam Vezain, Raphaël Lanos, Abdellah Tebani, Maria Fuller, Foudil Lamari, Pascal Chambon, Anne-Claire Brehin, Laetitia Trestard, Isabelle Tournier, Stéphane Marret, Eric Verspyck, Annie Laquerrière, Soumeya Bekri
PURPOSES: Hydrops fetalis is a life-threatening fetal condition, and 85% of all cases are classified as nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF). Up to 15% of NIHF cases may be due to inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), but a large proportion of cases linked to metabolic disorders remains undiagnosed. This lack of diagnosis may be related to the limitations of conventional biological procedures, which involve sequential investigations and require multiple samples and steps. In addition, this approach is time consuming...
February 21, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Diego A S Toesca, Bulat Ibragimov, Amanda J Koong, Lei Xing, Albert C Koong, Daniel T Chang
Although well described in the 1960s, liver toxicity secondary to radiation therapy, commonly known as radiation-induced liver disease (RILD), remains a major challenge. RILD encompasses two distinct clinical entities, a 'classic' form, composed of anicteric hepatomegaly, ascites and elevated alkaline phosphatase; and a 'non-classic' form, with liver transaminases elevated to more than five times the reference value, or worsening of liver metabolic function represented as an increase of 2 or more points in the Child-Pugh score classification...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Masakazu Sato, Kei Kawana, Katsuyuki Adachi, Asaha Fujimoto, Mitsuyo Yoshida, Hiroe Nakamura, Haruka Nishida, Tomoko Inoue, Ayumi Taguchi, Juri Ogishima, Satoko Eguchi, Aki Yamashita, Kensuke Tomio, Atsushi Komatsu, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Katsutoshi Oda, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
Cancer cell metabolism is currently considered to be context dependent, and metabolic reprogramming is being widely investigated. It is known that ovarian cancer often metastasizes to the omentum. Given that the omentum itself contains a high concentration of adipocytes, ovarian cancer is thought to be a good model for research into metabolic reprogramming (particularly the shift to lipid metabolism). The present study investigated the switch to lipid metabolism in the metabolic reprogramming of ovarian cancer cells...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
B Zhou, L Xin, L Xu, J M Ye, Y H Liu
Liquid biopsy is a diagnostic approach by analyzing body fluid samples. Peripheral blood is the most common sample. Urine, saliva, pleural effusion and ascites are also used. Now liquid biopsy is mainly used in the area of neoplasm diagnosis and treatment. Compared with traditional tissue biopsy, liquid biopsy is minimally invasive, convenient to sample and easy to repeat. Liquid biopsy mainly includes circulating tumor cells and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detection. Detection of ctDNA requires sensitive and accurate methods...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Christine Poitou, Margot Denis, Zeina Chakhtoura, Catherine Uzan, Maryam Nikpayam, Jean-Michel Oppert
As obesity prevalence increases worldwide, healthcare professionals are often faced with challenging cases associated with massive obesity. A 33-year-old woman (weight 342 kg, body mass index = 100 kg/m²) presented with respiratory failure, limb edema and ascites. Abdominal CT scan became feasible after initial weight loss and showed a large pelvic mass in contact with the left ovary. The surgical removal performed despite a high-risk profile led to the diagnosis of a giant mucinous borderline tumor whose growth was due to delayed care and responsible for multiple severe complications: sepsis, anemia, esophagitis, constipation, anorexia due to mechanical compression, undernutrition, sarcopenia and lower limb edema contributing to a severe disability...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
K Sato, M Sakai, S Hayakawa, Y Sakamoto, Y Kagawa, K Kutara, K Teshima, K Asano, T Watari
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder agenesis (GBA) is extremely rare in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the history, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of dogs with GBA. ANIMALS: Seventeen client-owned dogs with GBA. METHODS: Medical records from 2006 through 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Dogs were included when GBA was suspected on abdominal ultrasonography and confirmed by gross evaluation. Signalment, clinical signs, clinicopathological data, diagnostic imaging, histopathology, treatment, and outcome were recorded...
January 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Manuela Robella, Marco Vaira, Alice Borsano, Claudio Mossetti, Michele DE Simone
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease characterized by mucinous ascites and widespread peritoneal implants. It usually originates from the rupture of an adenoma/adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Although this tumor is only superficially invasive and does not metastasize, it could be a fatal disease. Extra-abdominal spread of PMP is an unusual occurrence with few reports in medical literature. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old man was diagnosed with PMP according to the findings of thorax and abdomen CT scan and cytologic and histological examinations...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
C Kaufman, H Aryafar, J Minocha, T Kinney
PURPOSE: To evaluate our experience with transjugular liver biopsies (TJLB) in patients with previously placed transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) or direct intrahepatic portocaval shunt (DIPS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-institution retrospective review was performed looking at all TJLBs in patients with previously placed TIPS or DIPS over the past seven years. There were six men and one woman (mean age 57.9±8.8 [SD] years; range: 47-71 years)...
January 20, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
L Tallón-Aguilar, J A López-Ruiz, C Domínguez-Sánchez, F Pareja-Ciuró, J Padillo-Ruiz
Chylous ascites is a rare condition little reported in literature, with even more exceptional traumatic origin. Its production mechanism is not known exactly but has been attributed to hyperflexion or hyperextension of the spine leading to a rupture of lymph ducts. We present a case of post-traumatic chyloperitoneum in a young patient after abdominal blunt trauma. Conservative treatment should be the first therapeutic option, especially if the origin is traumatic, reserving more aggressive possibilities for cases that do not respond after 15 days, if debt is greater than 1...
January 24, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Philipp Schindler, Juozas Kupcinskas, Simonas Juzenas, Jurgita Skieceviciene, Violeta Salteniene, Christian Schulz, Jochen Weigt, Peter Malfertheiner, Alexander Link
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PCA) has a prognostic role in patients with gastrointestinal cancers. The differential diagnosis may be challenging due to the low sensitivity of cytology. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) have been a focus of various specimens and diseases, to the best of the authors' knowledge only limited knowledge exists regarding ascites. Herein, the authors systematically evaluated preanalytical factors and the potential of miRNAs as biomarkers of ascites. METHODS: The authors prospectively analyzed samples from patients with PCA, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), and portal hypertension (no SBP/PCA)...
January 23, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
Fabien Le Roux, Lionel Rebibo, Cyril Cosse, Denis Chatelain, Eric Nguyen-Khac, Rachid Badaoui, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: Liver resection in cirrhotic patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to compare short-term results of laparoscopic resection (LR) and open surgery (OS) for minor liver resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) hepatocellularcarcinoma on nontumor cirrhotic liver (HCC/F4) and patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLMs) colorectal liver metastases on healthy liver (CRLM/F0). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2014, all patients undergoing liver resection (n = 754) were included in this study...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Jianguo Zhao, Caiyan Liu, Jing Liu, Pengpeng Qu
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the short-term outcomes and pregnancy rate after a laparoscopic approach to fertility preservation in patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs). METHODS: Clinic-pathologic variants of patients with BOTs who underwent conservative surgery at the Tianjin Central Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 2009 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among 211 patients with BOTs, 74 (35...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Kavish R Patidar, Le Kang, Jasmohan S Bajaj, Daniel Carl, Arun J Sanyal
Current approaches to determine the cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with cirrhosis are suboptimal. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of fractional excretion of urea (FEUrea) for the differential diagnosis of AKI in cirrhotic patients. A retrospective analysis was performed in patients (n=50) with cirrhosis and ascites admitted with AKI. Using adjudicated etiology assessment as the reference standard, receiver operating curves (ROC) and optimal cutoff, sensitivity (Sn) and specificity (Sp) for the diagnosis of prerenal azotemia (PRA), type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and acute tubular necrosis (ATN) was derived...
January 8, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Matthew L Osher, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
PURPOSE: To describe endolymphatic balloon-occluded retrograde abdominal lymphangiography (BORAL) and embolization (BORALE) for diagnosis and treatment of chylous ascites in patients with previously unidentifiable leakage site or failed lymphatic embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two (66%) men and one (33%) woman with mean age of 52 years (range: range: 14-79 years) presented with chylous ascites and underwent BORAL or BORALE between March 2016 and February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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