keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ascites approach

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894167/salinomycin-reduces-stemness-and-induces-apoptosis-on-human-ovarian-cancer-stem-cell
#1
Hyun Gyo Lee, So Jin Shin, Hye Won Chung, Sang Hoon Kwon, Soon Do Cha, Jin Eui Lee, Chi Heum Cho
OBJECTIVE: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) represent a subpopulation of undifferentiated tumorigenic cells thought to be responsible for tumor initiation, maintenance, drug resistance, and metastasis. The role of CSCs in drug resistance and relapse of cancers could significantly affect outcomes of ovarian cancer patient. Therefore, therapies that target CSCs could be a promising approach for ovarian cancer treatment. The antibiotic salinomycin has recently been shown to deplete CSCs. In this study, we evaluated the effect of salinomycin on ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs), both alone and in combination with paclitaxel (PTX)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876070/ovarian-thecoma-fibroma-groups-clinical-and-sonographic-features-with-pathological-comparison
#2
Hui Chen, Yan Liu, Li-Fei Shen, Mei-Jiao Jiang, Zhi-Fang Yang, Guo-Ping Fang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian thecoma-fibroma groups (OTFG) are uncommon sex cord-stromal neoplasms. The objective of the study was to demonstrate clinical and sonographic features of OTFG and compare with surgical histopathology. METHODS: A total of 61 patients with surgically proven OTFG were enrolled in this retrospective study to demonstrate its clinical and sonographic features and to compare with pathological findings. Gray scale and color Doppler sonography were performed presurgically with either transabdominal or transvaginal approach to image pelvic structures and lesions...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865654/surgery-for-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-options-and-limits
#3
REVIEW
J Sehouli, J P Grabowski
Cytoreductive surgery is the backbone of the multimodal therapy in primary ovarian cancer patients. Despite the effect of various tumor biological factors such as grading and histological subtype, the surgical outcome is the most important prognostic factor for both progression free- and overall survival. In contrast, the management of recurrent situation has long remained a subject of an emotional international discussion. To date, only few prospective studies have focused on the effect of surgery in relapsed ovarian cancer...
October 21, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846279/long-term-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-advanced-gallbladder-cancer-focus-on-the-advanced-t-stage
#4
Chen Chen, Zhimin Geng, Haoxin Shen, Huwei Song, Yaling Zhao, Guanjun Zhang, Wenzhi Li, Li Ma, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Radical resection is an effective therapeutic method to increase the survival rate of patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC). In addition to the surgical approach, the relationships between various clinicopathologic factors and the outcome of patients with GBC remain controversial. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory examination characteristics, pathological and surgical data, and post-operative survival time of 338 patients with advanced GBC who received treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, China from January 2008 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844489/genetic-parameters-of-body-weight-and-ascites-in-broilers-effect-of-different-incidence-rates-of-ascites-syndrome
#5
J Ahmadpanah, N G Hossein-Zadeh, A A Shadparvar, A Pakdel
1. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the effect of incidence rate (5, 10, 20, 30 and 50%) of ascites syndrome (AS) on the expression of genetic characteristics for body weight at 5 weeks of age (BW5) and AS and to compare different methods of genetic parameter estimation for these traits. 2. Based on stochastic simulation, a population with discrete generations was created in which random mating was used for 10 generations. Two methods of restricted maximum likelihood (REML) and Bayesian approach via Gibbs sampling (GS) were used for the estimation of genetic parameters...
November 15, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843430/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-another-case-of-a-successful-approach-to-treatment-of-hepatorenal-syndrome
#6
Luis Otávio Mocarzel, Jessica Bicca, Luiza Jarske, Thamires Oliveira, Pedro Lanzieri, Ronaldo Gismondi, Mario Luiz Ribeiro
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is defined as a failure of renal function, potentially reversible, in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites. Recently, a component of cardiomyopathy associated with HRS was described, but the use of positive inotropic medicine as part of the treatment of the acute phase has not been extensively evaluated. We report a second case in our hospital of a patient with HRS type I without previous heart disease, with secondary hemodynamic decompensation due to liver disease, in which the abnormalities in systolic function by speckle-tracking echocardiography were observed and could be reversed by the use of inotropes...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830342/refractory-ascites-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-further-biological-support-of-intraperitoneal-steroid-treatment-as-a-suitable-therapeutical-option
#7
Yemil Atisha-Fregoso, Diego F Hernández-Ramírez, Elizabeth Olivares-Martínez, Carlos A Núñez-Alvarez, Luis Llorente, Gabriela Hernández-Molina
The objective of this report was to evaluate the ascitic fluid of a patient with refractory lupus ascites (proband) at different time points-pre- and post-intraperitoneal treatment with dexamethasone-using a multiparametric approach which included the presence of autoantibodies and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and a proteomic analysis. As controls, we studied two additional patients also with lupus ascites (only at basal evaluation) and two patients with ascites due to alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805025/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-with-diffuse-occlusion-of-hepatic-veins
#8
Fuliang He, Hongwei Zhao, Shan Dai, Yingfeng Wu, Lei Wang, Hongdong Huang, Zhendong Yue, Zhenhua Fan, Xiaoqun Dong, Fuquan Liu
Either acute or sub-acute Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) with diffuse occlusion of hepatic veins has a high mortality rate and remains challenging for clinical treatment. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) as a treatment for BCS with diffuse occlusion of hepatic veins. From January 2007 to December 2010, 100 patients were randomly recruited onto this study and 91 patients were treated with TIPS. 14 patients were defined as acute BCS group and 86 patients as sub-acute group...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783175/short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-total-colectomy-with-ileorectal-anastomosis-a-case-matched-analysis-from-a-nationwide-database
#9
A Onder, C Benlice, J Church, H Kessler, E Gorgun
BACKGROUND: In the current study, we aimed to compare peri- and postoperative 30-day outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic versus open total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis in a case-matched design using data procedure-targeted database. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis in 2012 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patients were divided into two groups according to the type of surgical approach (laparoscopic and open)...
November 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776720/identifying-different-causes-of-hyponatremia-with-fractional-excretion-of-uric-acid
#10
Louis J Imbriano, Joseph Mattana, James Drakakis, John K Maesaka
BACKGROUND: There is controversy over the prevalence of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral or renal salt wasting (RSW), 2 syndromes with identical common clinical and laboratory parameters but different therapies. The traditional approach to the hyponatremic patient relies on volume assessment, but there are limitations to this method. METHODS: We used an algorithm that relies on fractional excretion of urate (FEurate) to evaluate patients with hyponatremia and present 4 illustrative cases...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770082/endovascular-reconstruction-of-extrahepatic-portal-vein-in-noncirrhotic-and-nonmalignant-chronic-portal-vein-thrombosis-secondary-to-an-iatrogenic-stenotic-lesion
#11
Manuel Guerrero-Hernandez, Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Erika Elenes, Aldo Torre
Portal vein (PV) thrombosis (PVT) in the absence of liver disease or thrombophilia is rare. We report a 57-year-old male with a history of stage 3 chronic kidney disease who presented at the emergency department 18 months after abdominal surgery with progressive abdominal pain and distention. Computed tomography revealed PVT with multiple collaterals and moderate ascites. He had undergone partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunal anastomosis at an outside facility for gastrointestinal stromal tumors that caused an iatrogenic stenotic lesion in the PV...
October 20, 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762220/the-diagnostic-work-up-in-patients-with-ascites-current-guidelines-and-future-prospects
#12
R C Oey, H R van Buuren, R A de Man
Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity - ascites - is commonly encountered in clinical practice. Ascites can originate from hepatic, malignant, cardiac, renal, and infectious diseases. This review discusses the current recommended diagnostic approach towards the patient with ascites and summarises future diagnostic targets.
October 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755254/risk-factors-associated-with-complications-in-cirrhotic-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography
#13
Ricardo U Macías-Rodríguez, Astrid Ruiz-Margáin, Jose L Rodriguez-Garcia, Sergio Zepeda-Gómez, Aldo Torre
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is useful for the management of biliary tract diseases; in patients with cirrhosis, portal hypertension may increase the risk for complications from ERCP. We evaluated the outcome and risk factors related to ERCP in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 37 patients (71 procedures) with cirrhosis and portal hypertension (group 1) and 37 controls (group 2) undergoing ERCP were included...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747458/acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#14
Shiv Kumar Sarin, Ashok Choudhury
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a distinct entity that differs from acute liver failure and decompensated cirrhosis in timing, presence of treatable acute precipitant, and course of disease, with a potential for self-recovery. The core concept is acute deterioration of existing liver function in a patient of chronic liver disease with or without cirrhosis in response to an acute insult. The insult should be a hepatic one and presentation in the form of liver failure (jaundice, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, ascites) with or without extrahepatic organ failure in a defined time frame...
December 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747235/effect-of-prophylactic-antifungal-protocols-on-the-prognosis-of-liver-transplantation-a-propensity-score-matching-and-multistate-model-approach
#15
Yi-Chan Chen, Ting-Shuo Huang, Yu-Chao Wang, Chih-Hsien Cheng, Chen-Fang Lee, Ting-Jun Wu, Hong-Shiue Chou, Kun-Ming Chan, Wei-Chen Lee, Ruey-Shyang Soong
Background. Whether routine antifungal prophylaxis decreases posttransplantation fungal infections in patients receiving orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of antifungal prophylaxis for patients receiving OLT. Patients and Methods. This is a retrospective analysis of a database at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. We have been administering routine antibiotic and prophylactic antifungal regimens to recipients with high model for end-stage liver disease scores (>20) since 2009...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729954/management-of-refractory-ascites-in-cirrhosis-are-we-out-of-date
#16
Alagappan Annamalai, Lauren Wisdom, Megan Herada, Mazen Nourredin, Walid Ayoub, Vinay Sundaram, Andrew Klein, Nicholas Nissen
Cirrhosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with liver transplantations as it only possible cure. In the face of a significant organ shortage many patients die waiting. A major complication of cirrhosis is the development of portal hypertension and ascites. The management of ascites has barely evolved over the last hundred years and includes only a few milestones in our treatment approach, but has overall significantly improved patient morbidity and survival. Our mainstay to ascites management includes changes in diet, diuretics, shunt procedures, and large volume paracentesis...
October 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692778/definition-and-classification-of-chyle-leak-after-pancreatic-operation-a-consensus-statement-by-the-international-study-group-on-pancreatic-surgery
#17
Marc G Besselink, L Bengt van Rijssen, Claudio Bassi, Christos Dervenis, Marco Montorsi, Mustapha Adham, Horacio J Asbun, Maximillian Bockhorn, Oliver Strobel, Markus W Büchler, Olivier R Busch, Richard M Charnley, Kevin C Conlon, Laureano Fernández-Cruz, Abe Fingerhut, Helmut Friess, Jakob R Izbicki, Keith D Lillemoe, John P Neoptolemos, Michael G Sarr, Shailesh V Shrikhande, Robert Sitarz, Charles M Vollmer, Charles J Yeo, Werner Hartwig, Christopher L Wolfgang, Dirk J Gouma
BACKGROUND: Recent literature suggests that chyle leak may complicate up to 10% of pancreatic resections. Treatment depends on its severity, which may include chylous ascites. No international consensus definition or grading system of chyle leak currently is available. METHODS: The International Study Group on Pancreatic Surgery, an international panel of pancreatic surgeons working in well-known, high-volume centers, reviewed the literature and worked together to establish a consensus on the definition and classification of chyle leak after pancreatic operation...
September 28, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687252/overlapping-self-expandable-metallic-stent-for-palliation-of-a-long-10%C3%A2-cm-malignant-gastroduodenal-obstruction
#18
Jiaywei Tsauo, Moon-Won Yoo, Jung-Hoon Park, Ho-Young Song, Eun Jung Jun, Young Chul Cho, Guk Bae Kim
BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement is a well-established palliative treatment approach for malignant gastroduodenal obstruction. In patients with a long (>10 cm) stricture, multiple stents placed in an overlapping fashion are often required. PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of overlapping SEMS placement for the palliative treatment of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction in patients with a long (>10 cm) stricture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of 40 patients who underwent fluoroscopic overlapping SEMS placement for malignant gastroduodenal obstruction due to a long (>10 cm) stricture were reviewed...
September 28, 2016: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682610/hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-as-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-ascites-a-single-center-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Luigina Graziosi, Elisabetta Marino, Verena De Angelis, Alberto Rebonato, Annibale Donini
: Malignant ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity of patients with intraperitoneal cancer dissemination. This clinical condition could represent the terminal evolution of a lethal disease and could influence the prognosis, severely impairing the patients' quality of life. Treatment options include a multitude of different procedures with limited efficacy and some degree of risk; diuretics, paracentesis, peritoneo-venous shunts and intraperitoneal biologic agents like anti-VEGF molecules, metalloproteinase inhibitors and immunomodulators are included...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667785/successful-laparoscopic-ligation-for-massive-chylous-ascites-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#20
Yudai Fukui, Junichi Shindoh, Shuichiro Matoba, Kenji Tomizawa, Yutaka Hanaoka, Shigeo Toda, Jin Moriyama, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
A 53-year-old man was readmitted with abdominal distention 2 weeks after undergoing laparoscopic low anterior resection with para-aortic lymphadenectomy for advanced rectal cancer (T4aN1M0, Stage IIIb). Ultrasound revealed massive ascites, and paracentesis revealed chylous fluid with a markedly elevated triglyceride level (1762 mg/dL). Despite conservative management, the fistula remained on postoperative day 120. On percutaneous lymphangiography, the chylous leakage point was clearly visualized at the para-aortic site, and surgical intervention was planned...
September 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
keyword
keyword
34090
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"