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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151974/preoperative-albumin-bilirubin-score-for-postoperative-solitary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-the-milan-criteria-and-child-pugh-a-cirrhosis
#1
Zhao-Ru Dong, Jie Zou, Dong Sun, Guo-Ming Shi, Ai-Wu Ke, Jia-Bin Cai, Hui-Chuan Sun, Shuang-Jian Qiu, Tao Li, Jian Zhou, Xu-Ting Zhi, Jia Fan
Surgical resection remains the initial treatment of choice for the majority of early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Although the factors that influence the prognosis of postoperative HCC patients have been well elucidated, there are a limited number of simple, objective, and distinct methods for estimating survival for postoperative patients with solitary HCC within the Milan criteria and Child-Pugh (C-P) A cirrhosis. The Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) score is a new evidence-based approach to assess liver function...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142420/exploring-the-cytotoxic-potential-of-triterpenoids-enriched-fraction-of-bacopa-monnieri-by-implementing-in-vitro-in-vivo-and-in-silico-approaches
#2
Md Nasar Mallick, Washim Khan, Rabea Parveen, Sayeed Ahmad, Sadaf, Mohammad Zeeshan Najm, Istaq Ahmad, Syed Akhtar Husain
Background: Bacopa monnieri (BM) is a herbaceous plant traditionally used from time immemorial in Ayurvedic and folklore medicines. We hypothesized that the extract of the whole plant might contain numerous molecules with having antitumor activities that could be very effective in killing of human cancer cells. Objectives: This work investigated anticancer activity of bioactive fraction of BM. Materials and Methods: The hydroalcoholic extract of BM was fractionated with different solvent, namely, hexane, dichloromethane (DCM), acetone, methanol, and water...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105846/the-role-of-two-step-eus-guided-antegrade-treatment-as-an-option-for-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#3
EDITORIAL
Masaaki Shimatani, Toshiyuki Mitsuyama, Makoto Takaoka, Kazuichi Okazaki
The treatment of bile duct stones in patients with surgically altered anatomy had been difficult for management until the balloon assisted endoscope (BAE) approach was introduced. Patients had been referred to either percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) or surgical operation which were the gold standard, though they were invasive and indication was limited. For example, percutaneous drainage is relatively contraindicated in patients with significant ascites, obesity, and/or non-dilated bile duct...
November 6, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076695/broad-ligament-haematoma-following-normal-vaginal-delivery
#4
Faiza Ibrar, Azra Saeed Awan, Touseef Fatima, Hina Tabassum
A 37-year-old, patient presented in emergency with history of normal vaginal delivery followed by development of abdominal distention, vomiting, constipation for last 3 days. She was para 4 and had normal vaginal delivery by traditional birth attendant at peripheral hospital 3 days back. Imaging study revealed a heterogeneous complex mass, ascites, pleural effusion, air fluid levels with dilatation gut loops. Based upon pelvic examination by senior gynaecologist in combination with ultrasound; a clinical diagnosis of broad ligament haematoma was made...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969195/laparoscopic-versus-open-repair-of-para-umbilical-hernia-a-prospective-comparative-study-of-short-term-outcomes
#5
Sreeharsha Korukonda, Anandhi Amaranathan, Vishnu Prasad Nelamangala Ramakrishnaiah
INTRODUCTION: Para-Umbilical Hernia (PUH) is one of the most common surgical problems. Since the prosthetic repair has become the standard of practice for inguinal hernia management, the same has been adapted for para-umbilical hernia management with better outcome. There is still debate going on regarding the optimal surgical approach. There are very few prospective studies comparing the laparoscopic and open method of para-umbilical hernia mesh repair. This study compared the short term outcomes following laparoscopic versus open mesh repair of PUH...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964609/multicentric-initial-experience-with-the-use-of-the-pressurized-intraperitoneal-aerosol-chemotherapy-pipac-in-the-management-of-unresectable-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#6
Mohammad Alyami, Johan Gagniere, Olivia Sgarbura, Delphine Cabelguenne, Laurent Villeneuve, Denis Pezet, Francois Quenet, Olivier Glehen, Naoual Bakrin, Guillaume Passot
BACKGROUND: PIPAC is a recent approach for intraperitoneal chemotherapy with promising results for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). We aimed to evaluate the postoperative outcome of PIPAC in patients with non-resectable PC during our initial experience of the technique. METHODS: All patients who underwent PIPAC for non-resectable PC in three centers were analyzed regarding postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients underwent 164 PIPAC...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945304/characterization-of-ascites-derived-tumor-cells-from-an-endometrial-cancer-patient
#7
Xuelu Li, Dandan Zhu, Ning Li, Hui Yang, Zuowei Zhao, Man Li
Improved treatment outcomes for the endometrial cancer patient requires precision methods to investigate the biology of this disease and clinically relevant models to test treatment drugs. Hence, we applied a personalized platform to investigate whether in vitro and in vivo models could accurately predict effective treatment regimens. We successfully expanded ascites-derived tumor cells from an endometrial cancer patient with malignant ascites using ascites collected prior to chemotherapy treatment. Hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry staining of ascites-derived tumor cells confirmed the source of endometrial cancer cells...
September 25, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900843/pressurized-intraperitoneal-aerosol-chemotherapy-pipac-procedure-for-non-resectable-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-with-video
#8
Jean-Baptiste Cazauran, Mohammad Alyami, Antoinette Lasseur, Isabo Gybels, Olivier Glehen, Naoual Bakrin
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a common evolution of abdominal cancers and is associated with poor prognosis in the absence of aggressive multimodal therapy.1 Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is a safe and innovative approach, which enhances the effect of chemotherapy 2 without reported renal/hepatic toxicity.3,4 It requires mastery of technical aspects to reduce postoperative morbidity, increase effectiveness, and prevent caregiver chemotherapy exposure...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895701/management-of-cirrhotic-ascites-in-children-review-and-recommendations-part-2-electrolyte-disturbances-nonelectrolyte-disturbances-therapeutic-options
#9
David F Bes, M Cristina Fernández, Ivone Malla, Horacio A Repetto, Daniel Buamscha, Susana López, Roxana Martinitto, Miriam Cuarterolo, Fernando Alvarez
Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis. There are several evidence-based articles and guidelines for the management of adults, but few data have been published in relation to children. In the case of a pediatric patient with cirrhotic ascites (PPCA), the following questions are raised: How are the clinical assessment and ancillary tests performed? When is ascites considered refractory? How is it treated? Should fresh plasma and platelets be infused before abdominal paracentesis to prevent bleeding? What are the hospitalization criteria? What are the indicated treatments? What complications can patients develop? When and how should hyponatremia be treated? What are the diagnostic criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis? How is it treated? What is hepatorenal syndrome? How is it treated? When should albumin be infused? When should fluid intake be restricted? The recommendations made here are based on pathophysiology and suggest the preferred approach to diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, and preventive care...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892178/review-article-the-diagnostic-approach-and-current-management-of-chylous-ascites
#10
REVIEW
B Lizaola, A Bonder, H D Trivedi, E B Tapper, A Cardenas
BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites is rare, accounting for less than 1% of cases. An appropriate and stepwise approach to its diagnosis and management is of key importance. AIM: To review the current diagnostic approach and management of chylous ascites. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed using the key words 'chylous', 'ascites', 'cirrhosis', 'pathophysiology', 'nutritional therapy', 'paracentesis", "transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt" and "TIPSS'...
November 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883275/successful-management-of-intraperitoneal-bleeding-with-platelet-apheresis-and-von-willebrand-factor-supplementation-in-a-patient-with-essential-thrombocythemia-and-acquired-von-willebrand-syndrome
#11
Toshimitsu Ueki, Kanako Takeshige, Masahiko Sumi, Mayumi Ueno, Naoaki Ichikawa, Hikaru Kobayashi
A 36-year-old woman with essential thrombocythemia (ET) was admitted to our hospital for acute lower abdominal pain. Given no family history of bleeding disorder, she was diagnosed with acquired von Willebrand syndrome. Despite having a medical history of venous thrombosis, she had never been treated for ET because of her preferences. On admission, CT scan revealed massive hemorrhage in the ascending colon with the leakage of a contrast agent. Furthermore, a delayed enhancement of fluid collection in the Douglas fossa followingcontrast CT indicated bloody ascites...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876707/-initial-management-of-new-onset-ascites-in-patient-with-cirrhosis
#12
Léon Finci, Stéphane Mouraux, Judith Knuchel, Laurent Bochatay
Ascites is the most frequent complication of cirrhosis and represents a significant change for the patient because the impact on mortality and quality of life is important. The management of a patient with initial onset of ascites includes a full history, a clinical exam and complementary analysis. This systematic approach allows an etiologic diagnosis. The aim of this article is to review the etiologies encountered in the initial onset of ascites in patient suffering from cirrhosis, to help the diagnosis and start initial management...
September 6, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875159/myxoma-virus-optimizes-cisplatin-for-the-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in-a-syngeneic-murine-dissemination-model
#13
Bernice Nounamo, Jason Liem, Martin Cannon, Jia Liu
A therapeutic approach to improve treatment outcome of ovarian cancer (OC) in patients is urgently needed. Myxoma virus (MYXV) is a candidate oncolytic virus that infects to eliminate OC cells. We found that in vitro MYXV treatment enhances cisplatin or gemcitabine treatment by allowing lower doses than the corresponding IC50 calculated for primary OC cells. MYXV also affected OC patient ascites-associated CD14(+) myeloid cells, one of the most abundant immunological components of the OC tumor environment; without causing cell death, MYXV infection reduces the ability of these cells to secrete cytokines such as IL-10 that are signatures of the immunosuppressive tumor environment...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy Oncolytics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856183/dataset-on-antitumor-properties-of-silver-nanoparticles-from-gloriosa-superba-l-seed-on-dalton-lymphoma-ascites-dla-tumor-facile-and-biocompatible-approach
#14
Muthukirshnan Saradhadevi, Murugesan Gnanadesigan, Gnanajothi Kapildev, Dhakshinamoorthy Vasanth
The dataset depicted in this article related to our earlier article entitled "Phytofabrication and encapsulated of silver nanoparticles from Gloriosa Superba" (Saradha Devi et al., 2017) [1], which reports the characteristic features (UV Visible spectra, FTIR, SEM, TEM, DLS, Zeta potential and XRD analysis) of the Gloriosa superba biosynthesised silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In this context, the present dataset was provided to identify the antioxidant, antitumor and apoptotic (in DLA cells) properties with the synthesized AgNPs...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836469/improved-killing-of-ovarian-cancer-stem-cells-by-combining-a-novel-chimeric-antigen-receptor-based-immunotherapy-and-chemotherapy
#15
Rüdiger Klapdor, Shuo Wang, Ulrich Hacker, Hildegard Büning, Michael Morgan, Thilo Dörk, Peter Hillemanns, Axel Schambach
Ovarian cancer represents the most lethal gynecological cancer. Although cytoreductive chemotherapy and surgery lead to complete macroscopic tumor removal, most of the patients in advanced stages suffer from recurrent disease and subsequently die. This may be explained by the activity of cancer stem cells (CSC), which are a subpopulation of cells with an elevated chemoresistance and an increased capacity for self-renewal and metastatic spread. Specifically targeting these cells by adoptive immunotherapy represents a promising strategy to reduce the risk for recurrent disease...
October 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828646/sequential-filtration-a-gentle-method-for-the-isolation-of-functional-extracellular-vesicles
#16
Mitja L Heinemann, Jody Vykoukal
A prevalent challenge in isolating extracellular vesicles (EVs) from biological fluids is the reliable depletion of abundant contaminants-including free proteins and biomolecules, as well as nontarget vesicle subpopulations and other nanoparticulates-from the sample matrix while maximizing recovery. Sequential Filtration is a recently published approach for the size-based isolation of exosomes that is ideally suited for large-volume biofluid samples such as ascites , urine , lavage fluid, or cell-conditioned media...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825543/development-of-a-liquid-chip-technique-to-simultaneously-detect-spring-viremia-of-carp-virus-infectious-hematopoietic-necrosis-virus-and-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-of-salmonids
#17
Guixiang Tong, Xinxian Wei, Weili Yin, Xiaoguang Liao, Kai Yang, Zhishan Fang, Tao Sun, Zhiqin Yue, Xiaozheng Li
A liquid chip technique was developed to detect spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) of salmonids simultaneously. Sequences of the G gene of SVCV, N gene of IHNV, and G gene of VHSV were used to design SVCV-, IHNV-, and VHSV-specific primers, which were labeled with biotin and subjected to amination modification. They were then coupled with fluorescence-coded microspheres and used for hybridization with reverse-transcription PCR products of SVCV, IHNV, and VHSV...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818214/treatment-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-bowel-infarction-in-patients-with-acute-superior-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis
#18
Hyung-Kee Kim, Deokbi Hwang, Sujin Park, Jong-Min Lee, Seung Huh
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis of acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (SMVT) remains obscure. We aimed to investigate the treatment outcomes and possible risk factors for bowel infarction in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively included 66 patients with acute SMVT between January 2002 and June 2016. Each patient underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography as part of the initial diagnosis. The standard protocol for management included a nonsurgical approach with early anticoagulation and selective exploration...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814433/personalized-medicine-based-approach-to-model-patterns-of-chemoresistance-and-tumor-recurrence-using-ovarian-cancer-stem-cell-spheroids
#19
Shreya Raghavan, Pooja Mehta, Maria R Ward, Michael E Bregenzer, Elyse M A Fleck, Lijun Tan, Karen McLean, Ronald J Buckanovich, Geeta Mehta
Purpose: Chemoresistant ovarian cancers grow in suspension within the ascites fluid. To screen the effect of chemotherapeutics and biologics on resistant ovarian cancers with a personalized basis, we developed a 3D hanging drop spheroid platform.Experimental Design: We initiated spheroids with primary aldehyde dehydrogenase-positive (ALDH(+)) CD133(+) ovarian cancer stem cells (OvCSC) from different patient samples and demonstrated that stem cell progeny from harvested spheroids was similar to the primary tumor...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812198/laparoscopic-colectomy-reduces-complications-and-hospital-length-of-stay-in-colon-cancer-patients-with-liver-disease-and-ascites
#20
Kevin Y Pei, David T Asuzu, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: Ascites increases perioperative complications and risk of death, but is not an absolute contraindication for colectomy in patients with colon cancer. It remains unclear whether postoperative risks can be minimized using a laparoscopic versus open approach. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from 2152 patients with ascites who underwent laparoscopic or open partial colectomy with diagnosis of colon cancer from 2005 to 2013 using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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