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Brad T Morrow, William B Albright, Rogerio I Neves, Michael J Wilkinson, Thomas D Samson
BACKGROUND: Congenital anophthalmia is a rare anomaly that results in micro-orbitism and craniofacial microsomia. Treatment with static conformers is labor-intensive and provides minimal stimulation for orbital growth that requires eventual reconstruction with orbital osteotomies after skeletal maturity. METHODS: A protocol for the treatment of congenital anophthalmia is presented. Patients underwent a preoperative low-dose radiation computed tomography (CT) scan of the facial bones to assess orbital volume...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Keiko Shimojima, Yumiko Ondo, Mayumi Matsufuji, Nozomi Sano, Hisashi Tsuru, Tatsuki Oyoshi, Nayuta Higa, Hiroshi Tokimura, Kazunori Arita, Toshiyuki Yamamoto
A female patient presented with developmental delay, distinctive facial features, and congenital anomalies, including a heart defect and premature lambdoid synostosis. The patient showed a paternally inherited 16p13.11 microduplication and a de novo 19p13.3 microdeletion involving the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 gene (MAP2K2), in which mutations cause the cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome. Reports of patients with overlapping 19p13.3 microdeletions of this region describe similar clinical manifestations including distinctive facial features: prominent forehead, horizontal/down-slanting palpebral fissures, long midface, pointed chin/angular jaw, sparse eyebrows, and underdeveloped cheekbones...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Verónica Jiménez-Díaz, Ismael Auñón-Martín, Carlos Olaya-González, Miguel Aroca-Peinado, David Cecilia-López, Pedro Caba-Doussoux
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to analyse complications after a floating elbow injury, attempting to establish which of them act as a poor prognosis factor regarding clinical and functional results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients who suffered a floating elbow injury, treated at our institution from 2004 to 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into four groups depending on the type of injury. An analysis of demographic data, associated injuries, treatment options and complications was carried out...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
James C Wang, Laszlo Nagy, Joshua C Demke
Syndromic craniosynostosis affects up to 1:30,000 live births with characteristic craniofacial growth restrictions, deformities, and other associated abnormalities, such as carpal-pedal anomalies and cognitive function impairment. More than 150 syndromes are associated with craniosynostosis. This article describes some commonalities and distinguishing features and management of syndromic synostosis. Also addressed is secondary synostosis, which is often found in syndromic children with problems related to microcephaly, hydrocephalus, or shunt-induced craniosynostosis, although pathophysiologically and genetically different...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Lisa M Morris
This article provides an overview of etiology, epidemiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis, including sagittal, metopic, coronal, lambdoid, and complex synostosis. Detailed discussion is presented regarding indications for surgical intervention and management options, including frontoorbital advancement, cranial vault reconstruction, endoscopic strip craniectomy, spring-assisted strip craniectomy, and cranial vault distraction osteogenesis. Deformational plagiocephaly is also presented with treatment options including repositioning, physical therapy, and helmet therapy...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Michael B Gottschalk, Maxim Danilevich, Hilton P Gottschalk
Background: Carpal coalition and metacarpal synostosis are uncommon congenital anomalies of the carpus and hand. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to help guide surgical and non-surgical treatment of carpal coalition and metacarpal synostosis. Results: The embryology, epidemiology, medical and surgical management, and associated outcomes are detailed. Conclusions: Most patients with these disorders will likely benefit from conservative measures. Surgery should be considered in patients with pain and limitations in wrist and hand function...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Scott M Tintle, Christopher LeBrun, James R Ficke, Benjamin K Potter
Traumatic and trauma-related amputations represent unfortunate sequelae of severe injury, but should not be viewed as a treatment failure and may represent the best reconstructive option for some patients. Lessons from recent military conflicts have guided the evolution of modern surgical techniques and rehabilitation management of this challenging patient population, and treatment at a specialty center may improve patient outcomes. Despite appropriate management, however, surgical complications remain common and revision surgery is often necessary...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Hani Yoo, Jung Min Ko, Byung Chan Lim, Hae Il Cheong
Craniofrontonasal syndrome (CFNS) is a very rare genetic disorder with variable clinical phenotypes, including brachycephaly, hypertelorism, and a bifid nasal tip. Moreover, longitudinal splittings of the nails and skeletal abnormalities may accompany this condition. CFNS is inherited in an X-linked dominant manner; however, affected heterozygous females exhibit additional and more severe manifestations compared with affected hemizygous males, paradoxically. Here, we report for the first time in Korea two girls with molecularly confirmed CFNS...
September 2016: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Jiri Marvan, Valer Dzupa, Martin Krbec, Jiri Skala-Rosenbaum, Radek Bartoska, David Kachlik, Vaclav Baca
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures comprise a highly morphologically and etiologically diverse group of injuries, which includes various degrees of impairment of bone and ligamentous structures. The complete synostosis and incomplete bony bridging of tibiofibular syndesmosis are among the local late complications after surgically treated ankle fractures. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 269 patients were evaluated, including 203 patients with Weber type-B fractures, and 66 patients with Weber type-C fractures...
September 7, 2016: Injury
Giulia Colzani, Italo Pontini, Stefano Artiaco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Brian J Dlouhy, Dennis C Nguyen, Kamlesh B Patel, Gwendolyn M Hoben, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Albert S Woo, Matthew D Smyth
OBJECTIVE Endoscope-assisted methods for treatment of craniosynostosis have reported benefits over open calvarial vault reconstruction. In this paper, the authors evaluated 2 methods for endoscope-assisted correction of sagittal synostosis: wide vertex suturectomy and barrel stave osteotomies (WVS+BSO) and narrow vertex suturectomy (NVS). METHODS The authors evaluated patients with nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis treated with either wide vertex suturectomy (4-6 cm) and barrel stave osteotomies (WVS+BSO) or narrow vertex suturectomy (NVS) (approximately 2 cm) between October 2006 and July 2013...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Jordan W Swanson, Jacqueline A Haas, Brianne T Mitchell, Philip B Storm, Scott P Bartlett, Gregory G Heuer, Jesse A Taylor
There is no clear consensus for the optimal treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis; however, recent studies suggest that improved neurocognitive outcomes may be obtained when surgical intervention imparts active cranial expansion or remodeling and is performed before 6 months of age. The authors consider spring-mediated cranioplasty (SMC) to optimally address these imperatives, and this is an investigation of how helmet orthoses before or after SMC affect aesthetic outcomes.The authors retrospectively evaluated patients treated with SMC and adjunct helmeting for sagittal synostosis...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jan-Falco Wilbrand, Hans-Peter Howaldt, Marcus Reinges, Petros Christophis
OBJECTIVE: Premature craniosynostosis of the lambdoid suture is rare. The use of differential diagnosis to rule out positional occipital plagiocephaly is crucial. Nevertheless, once diagnosed, lambdoid craniosynostosis requires corrective surgery to prevent intracranial harm and aesthetic stigma by significant dyscrania. Operative correction of the lambdoid fusion is often performed by suturectomy and helmet therapy, total occipital remodeling interventions, transposition of occipital bone flaps, or occipital advancement procedures either with or without distraction osteogenesis...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Tufan Hicdonmez, Gaye Taylan Filinte, Mehmet Tiryaki, Yusuf Emrah Gergin
This work describes a simple technique for the safe removal of the midline parietal bone with the synostotic sagittal suture in infants with sagittal synostosis to avoid dural tearing and bleeding from the superior sagittal sinus. The technique consists of stepwise removal of the midline parietal bone in three pieces instead of one piece, starting with the anterior one-third midline bone being safely freed from the underlying dural sinus and then transversely cut using a craniotome. The step is repeated twice for the middle and distal one-third of the bone respectively...
January 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Marielle Jippes, Julius-Carl A Carolina, Johan de Rooi, Clemens M F Dirven, Leon N A van Adrichem, Irene M Mathijssen
BACKGROUND: Surgery for sagittal synostosis aims at correction of skull shape and restoration of growth potential. Small cranial volume is associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Although many techniques have been described, information on postoperative volume related to early and late remodeling is lacking. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2008, a total of 95 patients were collected who underwent either early extended strip craniectomy or late total cranial remodeling according to age of presentation...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Jianwei Guo, Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang, Hai Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Yang Yang, Xinyu Yang, Lijuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Posterior hemivertebra resection has become a safe and effective procedure for congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra. However, there are still complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection in recent reports. No risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications were identified so far. The purpose of this study is to analyze complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection and to investigate the possible risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications in congenital scoliosis cases due to hemivertebra...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jonathan Pindrik, Joseph Molenda, Rafael Uribe-Cardenas, Amir H Dorafshar, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE Subjective evaluations typically guide craniosynostosis repair. This study provides normative values of anthropometric cranial indices that are clinically useful for the evaluation of multiple types of craniosynostosis and introduces 2 new indices that are useful in the evaluation and management of metopic and bicoronal synostosis. The authors hypothesize that normative values of the new indices as well as for established measures like the cephalic index can be drawn from the evaluation of CT scans of normal individuals...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Daan P F van Nunen, Bart M Stubenitsky, Peter A Woerdeman, Kuo Sen Han, Corstiaan C Breugem, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Jurgen C de Graaff
BACKGROUND: Traditional open corrective surgery for isolated sagittal synostosis entails significant blood loss, transfusion rates, morbidity, and a lengthy hospitalization. Minimally invasive strip craniectomy (MISC) was introduced to avoid the disadvantages of open techniques. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was, first, to compare the anesthesia practice in MISC and open extended strip craniectomy (OESC), and, second, to evaluate the incidence of perioperative complications in both surgical procedures...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Samuel Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the best surgical/orthodontic treatment plan for the complete bilateral and unilateral cleft lip and palate patient to achieve all treatment goals of facial aesthetics, speech, dental function, and psychosocial development. METHODS: Review of 40 years of serial complete bilateral cleft lip and palate and complete unilateral cleft lip and palate dental casts and photographs from birth to adolescence, with serial cephs starting at 4 years...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Oliver Ristow, Christian Freudlsperger, Moritz Berger, Heidi Bächli, Jürgen Hoffmann, Michael Engel
Regarded singly, both Sturge-Weber syndrome and trigonocephaly are rare congenital disorders. The cardinal features of Sturge-Weber syndrome are facial cutaneous capillary malformation (port-wine stain), leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and glaucoma. Premature closure of the metopic suture results in trigonocephaly. However, to the best of our knowledge, the diagnosis of a combination of both Sturge-Weber syndrome and trigonocephaly has not as yet been reported. This brief clinical study thus presents a patient with the unusual findings of a Sturge-Weber syndrome and simultaneous trigonocephaly induced by premature metopic synostosis...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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