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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162751/population-based-estimate-of-urinary-stones-from-ballabgarh-northern-india
#1
Ayush Lohiya, Shashi Kant, Arti Kapil, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Puneet Misra, Sanjay K Rai
BACKGROUND: Stones in the urinary tract are a common condition but there is paucity of data on their population-based estimates in India. We describe our findings of the burden of urinary stones during a cross-sectional study with another primary goal. METHODS: We conducted the study at Ballabgarh Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Haryana, among residents aged 18 years or above. We used simple random sampling to enrol participants. Self-reported history of urinary stones was elicited through an interview schedule...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161808/renal-outcome-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-system-a-singe-center-retrospective-study
#2
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have been defined in 20 to 50% of all fetal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of such patients, as well as to describe the outcome and risk factors that affect the prognosis. METHODS: The analysis investigated retrospective data from 303 patients diagnosed with CAKUT between January 2015 and April 2017. Demographic data, clinical history, diagnosis, investigations, disease outcomes, and treatment procedures were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161313/biomarkers-and-echocardiography-for-evaluating-the-improvement-of-the-ventricular-diastolic-function-after-surgical-relief-of-hydronephrosis
#3
Huei-Ming Yeh, Ting-Tse Lin, Chih-Fan Yeh, Ho-Shiang Huang, Sheng-Nan Chang, Jou-Wei Lin, Chia-Ti Tsai, Ling-Ping Lai, Yi-You Huang, Chun-Lin Chu
The pathophysiology of cardio-renal syndrome (CRS) is complex. Hydronephrosis caused by urolithiasis may cause cytokine release and lead to cardiac dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac function changes observed in patients who received double J placement using feasible biomarkers and echocardiography. This was a prospective, single-center study. Eighty-seven patients who presented with acute unilateral hydronephrosis and received ureteroscope stone manipulation were enrolled. Echocardiography and cytokines were measured on the day of the operation and 24 hours after the procedure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160569/reconstruction-of-bladder-function-and-prevention-of-renal-deterioration-by-means-of-end-to-side-neurorrhaphy-in-rats-with-neurogenic-bladder
#4
Yun Long Li, Jian Jun Wen, Yi Bo Wen, Xiang Fei He, Jun Wei Wu, Yan Wei Li, Zhong Jiang Han, Jin Jin Feng, Shao Hua Yan, Shou Lin Li, John Pfa Heesakkers, Wan Sheng Gao, Jian Guo Wen
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility of restoring bladder function and prevention of renal deterioration by neurorrhaphy in rats with neurogenic bladder (NB). METHODS: Forty-two rats were assigned to the end-to-side nerve coaptation group (ECG, n = 16), no nerve coaptation group (NCG, n = 16), and control group (CG, n = 10). In the ECG, the left ventral root (VR) and dorsal root (DR) of L6 and S1 were transected, and the distal stump of L6VR was sutured to the lateral face of L4VR...
November 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154041/patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-prognostic-factors-in-squamous-cell-bladder-cancer
#5
Haris Zahoor, Paul Elson, Andrew Stephenson, Georges-Pascal Haber, Jihad Kaouk, Amr Fergany, Byron Lee, Vadim Koshkin, Moshe Ornstein, Timothy Gilligan, Jorge A Garcia, Brian Rini, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an uncommon histologic subtype of bladder cancer with limited data on treatment patterns, outcomes, and prognostic factors. "Real world" information might inform decision-making, prognostic estimates, and clinical trial designs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with tissue-confirmed bladder SCC treated at Cleveland Clinic from 2007 to 2016 was performed. Data on patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical follow-up were extracted...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153902/robotic-buccal-mucosal-graft-ureteroplasty-for-complex-ureteral-stricture
#6
Sohrab Arora, Logan Campbell, Mouafak Tourojman, Daniel Pucheril, Lamont R Jones, Craig Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate robot-assisted ureterolysis and buccal mucosal graft (BMG) ureteroplasty for the management of a complex, long recurrent ureteral stricture developing after ureterolysis, and also to demonstrate the use of near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and intraoperative ureteroscopy during this procedure. METHODS: A 58-year-old man with a history of cabergoline treatment and a cardiac catheterization through the left groin presented with left flank pain and hydronephrosis...
December 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144902/re-incidence-and-implications-of-silent-hydronephrosis-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#7
David S Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137105/urgent-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-for-proximal-ureter-stones-accompanied-with-obstructive-pyelonephritis-is-it-safe-and-effective-without-preoperative-drainage
#8
Huan Yang, Xiao Yu, Ejun Peng, Cong Li, Lei Cui, Xing Zeng, Shen Wang, Chao Wei, Zhihua Wang, Xiaolin Guo, Zhiqiang Chen, Zhangqun Ye, Shaogang Wang, Chenming Zhao
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones accompanied with obstructive pyelonephritis without preoperative drainage.We retrospectively reviewed 21 cases of proximal ureteral stones with infected kidney undergoing RLU between July 2013 and September 2016. Stone-induced obstructive infected hydronephrosis was diagnosed using blood and urine tests and imaging modalities. Empirical effective broad spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated immediately, and then urgent RLU was performed without preoperative drainage...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133170/hydronephrosis-and-crossing-vessels-in-children-optimization-of-diagnostic-therapeutic-pathway-and-analysis-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-urography-diagnostic-accuracy
#9
M C Y Wong, G Piaggio, M B Damasio, C Molinelli, S M Ferretti, A Pistorio, G Ghiggeri, M L Degl'Innocenti, A Canepa, V Incarbone, G Mattioli
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most frequent urological diseases affecting the pediatric population. It can be due to both intrinsic stenosis of the junction and extrinsic causes such as the presence of crossing vessels (CVs), which can be detected by color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US). Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a good alternative, but sedation and infusion of a contrast agent are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of CD-US and MRU in visualizing CVs in pediatric hydronephrosis, in order to decide the correct diagnostic pathway in the pre-operative phase...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133166/determination-of-threshold-value-for-follow-up-of-isolated-antenatal-hydronephrosis-detected-in-the-second-trimester
#10
Ravi de Roo, Bart J Voskamp, C Emily Kleinrouweler, Ben W Mol, Eva Pajkrt, Antonia H M Bouts
INTRODUCTION: Isolated antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH), defined as a dilation of the renal pelvis (≥5 mm), is one of the most common abnormalities detected on prenatal ultrasound. However, established cut-off values for postnatal follow-up differ between countries and are based on little evidence. The current protocol in the Netherlands for follow-up might be too conservative. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a higher threshold for follow-up of isolated antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) than the current practice, without the risk of missing significant postnatal urinary tract obstruction...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133165/infant-crossed-renal-ectopia-with-upj-obstruction-repaired-via-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#11
K Puttmann, G O Huang, J T White, K Kukreja, A Seth, C J Koh
INTRODUCTION: We present a robot-assisted approach to surgical treatment of UPJ obstruction associated with crossed renal ectopia in a male infant. METHODS: A 31 year-old woman presented at 37 weeks gestation for prenatal hydronephrosis and delivered at 39 weeks. Renal ultrasound identified the bladder and right kidney in a crossed ectopic position in the left pelvis, and MRI showed the cystic lesion to be hydronephrosis associated with a ureteropelvic junction obstruction of the crossed ectopic right kidney...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132348/extraperitoneal-laparoscopic-resection-for-retroperitoneal-lymphatic-cysts-initial-experience
#12
Yichun Wang, Chen Chen, Chuanjie Zhang, Chao Qin, Ninghong Song
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic retroperitoneal resection for retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted based on clinical data from eight patients with hydronephrosis caused by retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts. All patients underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphatic cyst resection and received postoperative follow-up. A follow-up ultrasound was performed postoperatively every 6-12 months to evaluate the recovery of the hydronephrosis...
November 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131917/a-pediatrician-s-take-on-a-few-common-infant-urologic-and-gynecologic-issues
#13
Sabrina Fernandez
Urologic and gynecologic issues are common in a pediatric primary care office. This article focuses on the evaluation and management of a few common diagnoses in infants and young children: fetal hydronephrosis, labial adhesions, physiologic phimosis, and hydrocele. This article can help pediatricians decide when these common issues can be managed in the primary care office and when they need subspecialty guidance. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(11):e397-e399.].
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130604/expanding-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-tp63-related-disorders-including-the-first-set-of-monozygotic-twins
#14
Tara Wenger, Dong Li, Margaret H Harr, Wen-Hann Tan, Renata Pellegrino, Zornitza Stark, Hakon Hakonarson, Elizabeth J Bhoj
Individuals with Tumor Protein P63 (TP63)-related disorders are known to present with a range of phenotypic features, including ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, Rapp-Hodgkin, Hay-Wells, and limb-mammary syndromes. We present six individuals from three families, including a set of monozygotic twins, with pathogenic TP63 variants who had novel clinical findings. The twins were discordant for cleft lip and palate, and the type of hand malformations, but concordant for choanal atresia, and bilateral volar nail...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130537/evaluation-of-renal-metabolic-response-to-partial-ureteral-obstruction-with-hyperpolarized-13-c-mri
#15
David J Niles, Jeremy W Gordon, Gengwen Huang, Shannon Reese, Erin B Adamson, Arjang Djamali, Sean B Fain
Hyperpolarized (13) C magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used to non-invasively image the transport and chemical conversion of (13) C-labeled compounds in vivo. In this study, we utilize hyperpolarized (13) C MRI to evaluate metabolic markers in the kidneys longitudinally in a mouse model of partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (pUUO). Partial obstruction was surgically induced in the left ureter of nine adult mice, leaving the right ureter as a control. (1) H and hyperpolarized [1-(13) C]pyruvate MRI of the kidneys was performed 2 days prior to surgery (baseline) and at 3, 7 and 14 days post-surgery...
November 12, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130218/-clinical-significance-and-practice-points-of-conversion-therapy-for-gastric-cancer-with-peritoneal-metastasis
#16
Zhenggang Zhu
Gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination is usually considered to be oncologically unresectable and is known to have a very poor prognosis. Despite recent advances in systemic chemotherapy, peritoneal dissemination due to advanced gastric cancer (AGC) still remains the most life-threatening type of metastasis and recurrence, which usually causes ascites accumulation, intestinal obstruction, or hydronephrosis, and then seriously impairs the quality of life. In general, the median survival time of these cases is reported to be just only 6-9 months...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128964/in-vivo-assessment-of-a-novel-biodegradable-ureteral-stent
#17
Alexandre A Barros, Carlos Oliveira, Ana J Ribeiro, Riccardo Autorino, Rui L Reis, Ana Rita C Duarte, Estevão Lima
PURPOSE: To perform an in vivo assessment of a newly developed biodegradable ureteral stent (BUS) produced with natural-based polymers. METHODS: The BUS is based on a patented technology combining the injection process with the use of supercritical fluid technology. Study was conducted at ICVS-University of Minho (Braga, Portugal) and a total of ten domestic pigs were used. In seven animals, the experimental BUS stent was inserted, whereas in the remaining a commercially available stent was used (6-Fr Biosoft(®) duo stents, Porges Coloplast, Denmark)...
November 11, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126155/isl1-mediates-mesenchymal-expansion-in-the-developing-external-genitalia-via-regulation-of-bmp4-fgf10-and-wnt5a
#18
Saunders T Ching, Carlos R Infante, Wen Du, Amnon Sharir, Sungdae Park, Douglas B Menke, Ophir D Klein
Genital malformations are among the most common human birth defects, and both genetic and environmental factors can contribute to these malformations. Development of the external genitalia in mammals relies on complex signaling networks, and disruption of these signaling pathways can lead to genital defects. Islet-1 (ISL1), a member of the LIM/Homeobox family of transcription factors, has been identified as a major susceptibility gene for classic bladder exstrophy in humans, a common form of the bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC), and is implicated in a role in urinary tract development...
November 8, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125525/early-postnatal-bladder-function-in-fetoscopic-myelomeningocele-repair-patients
#19
Gene O Huang, Michael A Belfort, William E Whitehead, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Jonathan Castillo, Heidi Castillo, Kathryn K Ostermaier, Chester J Koh, Duong D Tu
PURPOSE: Prenatal repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) via hysterotomy has demonstrated neurosurgical and motor benefits, when compared to postnatal repairs. Urologic benefits, however, remain to be seen. The purpose of this study was to review early postnatal bladder function in patients undergoing a novel endoscopic approach for MMC repair using an exteriorized uterus. METHODS: A prospective urologic assessment of patients undergoing fetoscopic MMC repair and receiving subsequent care at our facility, was performed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125524/expectant-use-of-cic-in-newborns-with-spinal-dysraphism-report-of-clinical-outcomes
#20
Matthew D Timberlake, Adam J Kern, Richard Adams, Candice Walker, Bruce J Schlomer, Micah A Jacobs
PURPOSE: Report urologic outcomes among newborns with spinal dysraphism managed within an expectant clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) program. METHODS: Newborns were followed clinically and with serial ultrasound (US). Urodynamics (UD) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan were obtained at 3-6 months, 1 year, 3 years, then as needed. Patients with initial evaluation after 6 months were excluded. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 3...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
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