keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery in the United Kingdom

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099778/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-tertiary-united-kingdom-children-s-hospital-experience
#1
Omar Nasher, David Devadason, Richard J Stewart
The aim of this study was to review the aetiology, presentation and management of these patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at a tertiary children's unit in the United Kingdom. This was a retrospective single-institution study on children (<16 years) who presented with acute UGIB over a period of 5 years using known International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. A total of 32 children (17 males, 15 females) were identified with a total median age at presentation of 5.5 years. The majority (24/32) of patients presented as an emergency...
November 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091330/multicentre-observational-study-of-gastrointestinal-recovery-after-elective-colorectal-surgery
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus (POI) is characterised by delayed gastrointestinal recovery and is common after colorectal surgery. Numerous strategies to optimise POI have been proposed but its management remains unclear. This study aimed to characterise the duration and management of gastrointestinal recovery in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. METHODS: A snapshot, prospective, observational study was undertaken between November 2016 and January 2017 at 10 regional hospitals in the United Kingdom...
November 1, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077854/investigation-of-a-cluster-of-sequence-type-22-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-transmission-in-a-community-setting
#3
Michelle S Toleman, Emmeline R Watkins, Tom Williams, Beth Blane, Belinda Sadler, Ewan M Harrison, Francesc Coll, Julian Parkhill, Bernadette Nazareth, Nicholas M Brown, Sharon J Peacock
Background: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has typically been used to confirm or refute hospital/ward outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) identified through routine practice. However, appropriately targeted WGS strategies that identify routinely "undetectable" transmission remain the ultimate aim. Methods: WGS of MRSA isolates sent to a regional microbiological laboratory was performed as part of a 12-month prospective observational study...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077292/-scientific-publication-output-of-spanish-emergency-physicians-from-2005-to-2014-a-comparative-study
#4
Inés María Fernández-Guerrero, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Guillermo Burillo-Putze, Òscar Miró Rafat Sellarés
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the research output of Spanish emergency physicians between 2005 and 2014 and to compare it to their output in the previous 10-year period (1995-2004) as well as to that of emergency physicians in other countries and Spanish physicians in other specialties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Original articles indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded of the Web of Science were included. Documents from Spanish emergency physicians were identified by combining the word Spain and any other search term identifying an emergency service or unit in Spain...
October 2017: Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076748/radioactive-seed-localisation-compared-with-wire-guided-localisation-of-non-palpable-breast-carcinoma-in-breast-conservation-surgery-the-first-experience-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Robert Milligan, Andrew Pieri, Adam Critchley, Richard Peace, Tom Lennard, Joe O'Donoghue, Rachel Howitt, Stewart Nicholson, Henry Cain, George Petrides, Nidhi Sibal
BACKGROUND: In the UK, guidewires have traditionally been used for localisation of non-palpable breast lesions in patients undergoing breast conservation surgery (BCS). Radioactive Seed Localisation (RSL) using Iodine-125 seeds is an alternative localisation method and involves inserting a titanium capsule, containing radioactive Iodine-125, into the breast lesion. We aim to demonstrate feasibility of RSL compared with guidewire-localisation (GWL) for BCS in the UK. METHODS: Data were collected on 100 patients with non-palpable unifocal invasive carcinoma of the breast undergoing GWL WLE prior to the introduction of RSL and the first 100 patients treated with RSL WLE...
October 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074446/efficacy-and-safety-of-digital-single-operator-cholangioscopy-for-difficult-biliary-stones
#6
Olaya I Brewer Gutierrez, Noor L H Bekkali, Isaac Raijman, Richard Sturgess, Divyesh V Sejpal, Hanaa D Aridi, Stuart Sherman, Raj J Shah, Richard S Kwon, James L Buxbaum, Claudio Zulli, Wahid Wassef, Douglas G Adler, Vladimir Kushnir, Andrew Y Wang, Kumar Krishnan, Vivek Kaul, Demetrios Tzimas, Christopher J DiMaio, Sammy Ho, Bret Petersen, Jong Ho Moon, B Joseph Elmunzer, George J M Webster, Yen-I Chen, Laura K Dwyer, Summant Inamdar, Vanessa B Patrick, Augustin Attwell, Amy Hosmer, Christopher Ko, Attilio Maurano, Avik Sarkar, Linda J Taylor, Martin H Gregory, Daniel S Strand, Ali Raza, Shivangi Kothari, Jessica P Harris, Nikhil A Kumta, Amar Manvar, Mark D Topazian, Yun Nah Lee, Clayton M Spiceland, Majidah A Bukhari, Omid Sanaei, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is not clear whether digital single-operator cholangioscopy (D-SOC) with electrohydraulic and laser lithotripsy is effective in removal of difficult biliary stones. We investigated the safety and efficacy of D-SOC with electrohydraulic and laser lithotripsy in an international, multicenter study of patients with difficult biliary stones. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 407 patients (60.4% female; mean age, 64.2 years) who underwent D-SOC for difficult biliary stones at 22 tertiary centers in the United States, United Kingdom, or Korea from February 2015 through December 2016; 306 patients underwent electrohydraulic lithotripsy and 101 (24...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072245/impact-of-oral-antibiotics-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-an-observational-study
#7
R O Braimah, K C Ndukwe, J F Owotade, S B Aregbesola
AIM: To compare the impact of antibiotics on health-related quality of life (QoL) outcomes following third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 135 subjects that required surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under local anesthesia and met the inclusion criteria. The subjects were randomized into three study groups of 45 subjects each: Group A - extended amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (GlaxoSmithKline Beecham England), 1 gram pre-operatively and then 625 mg BD for 5 days Group B - prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (GlaxoSmithKline Beecham England) 1 gram pre-operatively only, and Group C - prophylactic levofloxacin 1 gram pre-operatively only...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071124/management-of-anticoagulation-in-hip-fractures-a-pragmatic-approach
#8
Rafik Yassa, Mahdi Yacine Khalfaoui, Ihab Hujazi, Hannah Sevenoaks, Paul Dunkow
Hip fractures are common and increasing with an ageing population. In the United Kingdom, the national guidelines recommend operative intervention within 36 hours of diagnosis. However, long-term anticoagulant treatment is frequently encountered in these patients which can delay surgical intervention. Despite this, there are no set national standards for management of drug-induced coagulopathy pre-operatively in the context of hip fractures.The aim of this study was to evaluate the management protocols available in the current literature for the commonly encountered coagulopathy-inducing agents...
September 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031824/the-exeter-trauma-stem-a-radiographic-follow-up-at-minimum-of-five-years-post-implantation
#9
A M Kassam, L Tillotson, S L Whitehouse, J Charity
INTRODUCTION: The Exeter Trauma Stem (ETS) has been recommended by National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines in the United Kingdom as a proven, cemented stem. A single laboratory study in the literature has raised possible concerns about the polished finish of the ETS and subsequent potential for accelerated loosening although there is little clinical evidence to support or refute this. METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess clinical outcomes of the ETS at a minimum of five years post implantation...
October 7, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024359/paravalvular-leak-closure-under-intracardiac-echocardiographic-guidance
#10
Neil Ruparelia, Jacob Cao, James D Newton, Neil Wilson, Matthew J Daniels, Oliver J Ormerod
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) to guide percutaneous paravalvular leak (PVL) closure. BACKGROUND: PVL following surgical valve replacement occurs in 2%-15% of patients. Percutaneous treatment is an accepted management strategy in patients deemed to be too high risk for redo surgery. This is most commonly performed with transesophageal (TOE) guidance requiring general anesthesia that both potentially further increase the risk of intervention...
October 10, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991608/effect-of-high-vacuum-setting-on%C3%A2-phacoemulsification-efficiency
#11
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Jon Rees, Jia Yu Ng, David Allen, David H W Steel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a high-vacuum setting versus a low-vacuum setting on the efficiency of phacoemulsification. SETTING: Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. METHODS: Consecutive patients having cataract surgery in 2014 were recruited. Cataract surgery was performed by 2 experienced surgeons using a phacoemulsification machine with monitored forced infusion...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984728/incidence-of-wrong-site-surgery-list-errors-for-a-2-year-period-in-a-single-national-health-service-board
#12
Alistair Geraghty, Lorna Ferguson, Craig McIlhenny, Paul Bowie
INTRODUCTION: Wrong-site/side surgical "never events" continue to cause considerable harm to patients, healthcare professionals, and organizations within the United Kingdom. Incidence has remained static despite the mandatory introduction of surgical checklists. Operating theater list errors have been identified as a regular contributor to these never events. The aims of the study were to identify and to learn from the incidence of wrong-site/side list errors in a single National Health Service board...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952661/non-operative-management-of-a-patella-fracture-environmental-considerations-in-the-subantarctic
#13
Fraser John Gould
Injuries occurring in the remote environment present particular challenges to healthcare professionals, and decisions need to be carefully made on an individual basis. This report describes the successful management of a patella fracture sustained on the Subantarctic island of South Georgia. A 36-year-old boating officer presented to the island surgery after sustaining an isolated closed injury to his left knee. On physical examination there was a large effusion palpable within the joint, and on subsequent radiography an undisplaced transverse fracture of the patella was apparent...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947603/predicting-30-day-mortality-after-hip-fracture-surgery-evaluation-of-the-national-hip-fracture-database-case-mix-adjustment-model
#14
C Tsang, C Boulton, V Burgon, A Johansen, R Wakeman, D A Cromwell
OBJECTIVES: The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) publishes hospital-level risk-adjusted mortality rates following hip fracture surgery in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The performance of the risk model used by the NHFD was compared with the widely-used Nottingham Hip Fracture Score. METHODS: Data from 94 hospitals on patients aged 60 to 110 who had hip fracture surgery between May 2013 and July 2013 were analysed. Data were linked to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) death register to calculate the 30-day mortality rate...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935199/systematic-review-and-retrospective-validation-of-prediction-models-for-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Alistair J Sharples, Kamal Mahawar, Chandra V N Cheruvu
BACKGROUND: Patients often have less than realistic expectations of the weight loss they are likely to achieve after bariatric surgery. It would be useful to have a well-validated prediction tool that could give patients a realistic estimate of their expected weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review of the literature to identify existing prediction models and attempt to validate these models. SETTING: University hospital, United Kingdom...
August 12, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917409/methods-for-assessing-forward%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-backward-light-scatter%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-patients-with%C3%A2-cataract
#16
Alja Crnej, Nino Hirnschall, Con Petsoglou, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: To compare objective methods for assessing backward and forward light scatter and psychophysical tests in patients with cataracts. SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This study included patients scheduled for cataract surgery. Lens opacities were grouped into predominantly nuclear sclerotic, cortical, posterior subcapsular, and mixed cataracts...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917403/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-late-onset-retinal-degeneration
#17
Vasileios T Papastavrou, Shyamanga Borooah, Jill M O'Brien, Neeta Ray-Chaudhuri, Baljean Dhillon, Rute V Vieira, Andrew C Browning
PURPOSE: To review the outcomes in a series of patients with long anterior lens zonular fibers associated with late-onset retinal degeneration who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery. SETTING: Newcastle Eye Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were patients with genetically confirmed late-onset retinal degeneration requiring cataract surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917401/pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-and-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-detectable-central-macular-thickness-changes-with-perioperative-prostaglandin-analogs
#18
Andrew Walkden, Louise F Porter, Jiten Morarji, Simon P Kelly, Evangelos Sioras
PURPOSE: To define the incidence of cystoid macular edema (CME) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography-detectable (SD-OCT) subclinical changes in central retinal thickness in patients using prostaglandin analog (PGA) eyedrops after phacoemulsification. SETTING: Royal Bolton Hospital, Bolton, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: A consecutive analysis of the incidence of postoperative CME after phacoemulsification by a single surgeon was performed in eyes of patients using PGA eyedrops between March 2010 and January 2014...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891705/-why-would-doctors-from-debrecen-go-abroad-results-of-a-questionnaire
#19
Zoltán Szekanecz, Zoltán Tóth, Attila Hamar, Levente Lánczi
INTRODUCTION: Numerous beliefs have arisen in relation to the emigration of doctors. First of all, in most cases emigration has been attributed to, almost exclusively, low salaries. There are a number of non-financial issues that could possibly be more easily addressed. METHOD: In order to get closer to these issues, we sent out a 37-item questionnaire to doctors, who originally graduated from the University of Debrecen. Altogether 82 of them sent back the questionnaire...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876675/global-surgery-a-review-of-the-paediatric-surgical-workforce-in-south-africa
#20
A J Dell
BACKGROUND: Background Surgical conditions lead to premature death and disability resulting in a massive economic burden. Contributing to this global crisis is the lack of data on the limited surgical workforce in many low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHOD: All paediatric surgeons were contacted during the period 1-28 February 2017 via email as well as during a congress which was held at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and a database was compiled...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
keyword
keyword
34074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"