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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#1
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145351/comparison-of-treatment-of-acute-unstable-distal-clavicle-fractures-using-anatomical-locking-plates-with-versus-without-additional-suture-anchor-fixation
#2
Jixing Fan, Yufu Zhang, Qiang Huang, Xieyuan Jiang, Liang He
BACKGROUND Surgical managements were recommended for unstable distal clavicle fracture owing to the high incidence of nonunion. The present study compared the efficacy of anatomical locking plate with versus without additional suture anchor fixation for the treatment of unstable Neer type II distal clavicle fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January 2013 to January 2015, 28 consecutive patients with unstable Neer type II  fractures were treated by using anatomical locking plate with or without additional suture anchor fixation...
November 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145335/clavicle-fracture-associated-with-atlantoaxial-rotatory-displacement-type-ii-in-an-8-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#3
Jacek Karski, Łukasz Matuszewski, Paweł Jakubowski, Klaudia Karska, Grzegorz Kandzierski
RATIONALE: Fracture of the clavicle is a very common injury in children. However, association between clavicle fracture and atlantoaxial rotatory displacement is rarely observed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of an 8-year-old girl, who suffered a right clavicle fracture as a result of a sledge accident. Six weeks after figure of 8 casting for a right clavicle fracture, an 8-year-old girl was brought to the Pediatric Orthopedic Department due to torticollis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137088/fixation-of-comminuted-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-with-bone-fragments-separated-by-soft-tissue-using-a-novel-double-ligature-technique-a-case-report
#4
Wei-Na Ju, Cheng-Xue Wang, Tie-Jun Wang, Bao-Chang Qi
RATIONALE: Clavicle fractures are common, and mostly occur in the midshaft. Methods for operative treatment of midshaft clavicle fractures are evolving, as they improve clinical outcomes compared with traditional conservative management. However, fixation of comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures with bone fragments separated by soft tissue remains a challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we present a case of comminuted midshaft clavicle fracture with a bone fragment separated from the main fracture by soft tissue...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137065/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-bone-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Federica Recine, Alberto Bongiovanni, Roberto Casadei, Federica Pieri, Nada Riva, Alessandro De Vita, Laura Mercatali, Chiara Liverani, Chiara Spadazzi, Giacomo Miserocchi, Valentina Fausti, Dino Amadori, Toni Ibrahim
RATIONALE: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant sarcoma that can occur in different anatomic sites, including the bone, showing similar histological characteristics but heterogeneous clinical behavior and prognosis. Primary bone LMS was first described in 1965. It is a very rare sarcoma, accounting for <0.7% of all primary malignant bone tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 52-year-old male with primary bone LMS who presented with a solitary osteolytic lesion with focal cortical destruction in the left clavicle, seen on an x-ray and subsequent computed tomography (CT) scan...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133232/embryological-and-comparative-description-of-the-cephalic-vein-joining-the-external-jugular-vein-a-case-report
#6
R C Araújo, L A S Pires, M L Andrade, M C Perez, C S L Filho, M A Babinski
The cephalic vein arises from the radial end of the dorsal venous arch. It turns around the radial border of the forearm and passes proximally along the arm to the shoulder, where it enters the axillary vein by penetrating the clavipectoral triangle. The cephalic vein is prone to vary at the antecubital fossa, where it forms numerous anastomoses. A male cadaver fixated with a 10% formalin solution was dissected during regular anatomy lessons. It was found that the cephalic vein crossed the upper third of the arm between two fasciculi of the deltoid muscle and reached the shoulder, where it passed above the acromion and crossed the posterior border of the clavicle in order to join the external jugular vein...
November 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129131/increased-wound-complication-with-intramedullary-screw-fixation-of-clavicle-fractures-is-it-thermal-necrosis
#7
Peter Domos, Graham Tytherleigh-Strong, Lee Van Rensburg
PURPOSE: Adult mid-shaft clavicle fractures are common injuries. For displaced fractures, open reduction with plate or intramedullary (IM) fixation is the widely used techniques. All methods have their own potential drawbacks, especially related to local soft tissue complications. There is little information about outcome and management of local wound complications after clavicle fracture fixations. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation, 17 were treated with IM screw fixation and 80 with plate fixation...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122899/congenital-pseudarthrosis-of-the-clavicle-treated-by-masquelet-technique
#8
Hicham Abdellaoui, Karima Atarraf, Lamiae Chater, My Abderahmane Afifi
Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle (CPC) is a very rare pathology of which over 200 cases have been reported. Usually discovered during the first months of life, CPC is characterised by a definitive bone defect in the middle third of the clavicle. Generally asymptomatic, the pseudarthrosis of the clavicle can cause aesthetic issues and functional symptoms indicating a surgical repair. Different reconstruction techniques have been reported with various complications. We present a 14-year-old boy diagnosed with CPC and concerned about the cosmetic aspect of a swelling of his right clavicle...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122118/safe-intramedullary-fixation-of-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-with-2-5mm-kirschner-wires-technique-description-and-a-two-part-versus-multifragmentary-fracture-fixation-outcome-comparison
#9
Bore Bakota, Gareth Chan, Mario Staresinic, Vishal Rajput, Joideep Phadnis, Zelimir Korac
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to present a modified Murray and Schwarz 2.5-mm Kirschner wire (K-wire) intramedullary (IM) technique for fixation of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (DMCF), and to compare the differences in treatment outcome of two-part (Robinson 2B.1) and multifragmentary (Robinson 2B.2) DMCF. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 91 patients who underwent IM fixation with a 2.5-mm K-wire for DMCF and had a 1-year post-operative follow-up between 2000 and 2012 was performed...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122117/plate-versus-intramedullary-fixation-of-two-part-and-multifragmentary-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-a-long-term-analysis
#10
Gareth Chan, Zelimir Korac, Matija Miletic, Dinko Vidovic, Joideep Phadnis, Bore Bakota
INTRODUCTION: Surgical fixation of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures is predominantly achieved with intramedullary (IM) or plate fixation. Both techniques have potential pitfalls: plate fixation involves greater periosteal stripping and protuberance of the implant, whereas IM fixation may be associated with implant-related complications, such as migration or skin irritation, which may lead to further surgery for implant removal. The aim of this study was to compare these two methods in simple (Robinson 2b...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117014/what-s-new-in-pediatric-upper-extremity-sports-injuries
#11
Jennifer J Beck, Connor G Richmond, Marc A Tompkins, Ann Heyer, Kevin G Shea, Aristides I Cruz
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are common in pediatric and adolescent patients and the evaluation and treatment of these injuries continues to evolve. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the most recent literature, highlighting updates on sports-related upper extremity injuries in pediatric patients. METHODS: An electronic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases was performed for keywords related to pediatric overhead athletes, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum, medial epicondyle fractures, shoulder instability, and clavicle fractures...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102872/shoulder-balance-in-lenke-type-2-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-should-we-fuse-to-the-second-thoracic-vertebra
#12
Huiliang Yang, Gi Hye Im, Bowen Hu, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Limin Liu, Yueming Song
OBJECTIVES: There are many different systems recommending upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) for Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), several of which suggest that all Lenke type 2 AIS patients should be fused to the second thoracic vertebra (T2). However, all previously proposed UIV selecting systems do not accurately predict postoperative shoulder balance. We investigated whether fusing to T2 could prevent postoperative shoulder imbalance and identified circumstances under which to fuse up to T2...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100661/plating-for-midshaft-clavicular-fractures-the-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome
#13
Rens A van der Linde, Ivo Beetz, Sven H van Helden
INTRODUCTION: Several studies report on functional outcome after operative treatment for midshaft clavicular fractures. According to the published data not much is known about the quality of life after operative treatment. The purpose of this study is to investigate long term patient reported quality of life (QoL) and functional outcome after plating for midshaft clavicular fractures. METHODS: Patients between 16 and 65 years of age, with a midshaft clavicular fracture which were treated with plate fixation between 2006 and 2014, were included...
October 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100498/reliability-of-measurements-of-the-fractured-clavicle-a-systematic-review
#14
Paul Hoogervorst, Gerjon Hannink, Arnoud R van Geene, Albert van Kampen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of measurements of shortening in midshaft clavicle fractures (MSCF) using any available imaging technique. METHODS: Electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane) were searched. The 4-point-scale COSMIN checklist was used to evaluate the methodological quality of studies. RESULTS: Four studies on reliability of measurement of MSCF were identified...
November 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098302/-analysis-of-the-accuracy-of-fit-of-five-anatomically-precontoured-clavicle-plate-systems
#15
Johannes Oppermann, Linda Ettmann, Carolin Meyer, Christian Ries, Gregor Stein, Christian Karl Spies, Lars Peter Müller, Christoph Faymonville
BACKGROUND: A common method in surgical treatment of midshaft clavicular fractures is the clavicle plating system. In addition to traditional osteosynthetic devices, anatomically preformed plate systems also exist. Advantages are described in greater accuracy of fit and less irritation of surrounding soft tissues. The purpose of this study was to compare the anatomical fit of five different precontoured clavicle plating systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anatomical fit of five different types of anatomical precontoured clavicle plates, 3 times VariaxSystem® (Stryker, Kalamazoo, MI), Meves® Plate (Ulrich medical Ulm, Germany) and LCP clavicle plate (Synthes, Bettlach, Switzerland) were investigated in 20 embalmed human cadaveric clavicles...
November 2, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096342/bipolar-fracture-dislocation-of-clavicle-a-report-of-osteosynthesis-and-early-soft-tissue-reconstruction
#16
Renaldi Prasetia, Hermawan Nagar Rasyid
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar dislocation of the clavicle, also called bifocal or pan-articular dislocation or floating clavicle, is an uncommon traumatic injury. The injury of this case is also concomitant with distal third clavicle and coracoid fracture. This article aimed to report the experience of performing osteosynthesis and early soft tissue reconstruction on these injuries. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of bipolar clavicle fracture-dislocation in concomitant with coracoid fracture in a man, aged 32 years old, successfully treated 24days after accident by fixation of both fractures and early simultaneous reconstruction of sternoclavicular- acromioclavicular-coracoclavicular joints...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091151/preferences-of-orthopedic-surgeons-for-treating-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-in-adults
#17
Adilson Sanches de Oliveira, Bruno Braga Roberto, Mario Lenza, Guilherme Figueiredo Pintan, Benno Ejnisman, Breno Schor, Eduardo da Frota Carrera, Joel Murachovsky
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current clinical practice in Latin America for treating midshaft clavicle fractures, including surgical and non-surgical approaches. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a descriptive questionnaire. Shoulder and elbow surgeons from the Brazilian Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery and from the Latin American Society of Shoulder and Elbow were contacted and asked to complete a short questionnaire (SurveyMonkey®) on the management of midshaft fractures of the clavicle...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082056/successful-treatment-of-a-15-year-old-nonunion-of-a-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-causing-brachial-plexus-compression
#18
Annemarijn Teunis, Rianne M H A Huis In 't Veld, Vincent E J A de Windt, Sjoerd van Raak, Anne J H Vochteloo
A 49-year-old man with a 15-year-old nonunion of a midshaft clavicle fracture suffered from progressive tingling in his entire arm and fingers for two years, due to irritation of the brachial plexus in the costoclavicular space, especially upon elevation of the arm. After open reduction and internal plate fixation, all symptoms were resolved and complete consolidation of the fracture was achieved at one-year follow-up. This case demonstrates two things: brachial plexus compression can occur even many years after a nonunion of a clavicle fracture and union can be still achieved, even in a longstanding nonunion...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074474/musculoskeletal-injury-profiles-in-professional-women-s-tennis-association-players
#19
Jodie G Dakic, Belinda Smith, Cameron M Gosling, Luke G Perraton
OBJECTIVE: The physical demands of professional tennis combined with high training/match loads can contribute to musculoskeletal injury. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe the type, location and severity of injuries sustained during a 12-month tennis season in a cohort of professional female tennis players on the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) tour and (2) prospectively investigate associations between training/match loads and injury. METHODS: 52 WTA players competing at the Australian Open (2015) consented to participate...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072378/-primary-and-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-presenting-as-brown-tumor
#20
Avraham Toeg, Victoria Yaffe-Gartsbein, Omri Emodi, Imad Abu El-Naaj
Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) may lead to the formation of osteolytic lesions with giant granulomas. Giant cell lesions associated with HPT are known as brown tumor and represent an end stage complication of HPT. Brown tumors affect the mandible, clavicles, ribs and pelvis. Maxillary involvement is rare. We present two cases of brown tumor: the first is a case of primary HPT involving the maxilla and the second case is secondary HPT involving the mandible. Differential diagnosis, work up and methods of management of the jaw lesions are discussed...
October 2017: Harefuah
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