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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#1
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904717/measurement-of-clavicle-fracture-shortening-using-computed-tomography-and-chest-radiography
#2
Reza Omid, Chris Kidd, Anthony Yi, Diego Villacis, Eric White
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management of midshaft clavicle fractures has resulted in widely disparate outcomes and there is growing evidence that clavicle shortening poses the risk of unsatisfactory functional outcomes due to shoulder weakness and nonunion. Unfortunately, the literature does not clearly demonstrate the superiority of one particular method for measuring clavicle shortening. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of clavicle shortening measurements based on plain radiographs with those based on computed tomography (CT) reconstructed images of the clavicle...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900545/functional-and-oncological-outcome-after-surgical-resection-of-the-scapula-and-clavicle-for-primary-chondrosarcoma
#3
S P F T Nota, M J A M Russchen, K A Raskin, H J Mankin, F J Hornicek, J H Schwab
PURPOSE: The scapula is a relatively common site for chondrosarcoma to develop in contrary to the clavicle, which is rarely affected by these tumors. The aim of this study is to determine the functional and oncological outcome for patients treated operatively for scapular or clavicular chondrosarcoma. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we included a sample of 20 patients that received the diagnosis of a primary chondrosarcoma of the scapula or clavicle...
November 29, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900328/blunt-traumatic-tension-chylothorax-case-report-and-mini-review-of-the-literature
#4
Kamal Idris, Michael Sebastian, Ashraf F Hefny, Navidul Haq Khan, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
Tension chylothorax following blunt thoracic trauma is an extremely rare condition. Here we report such a case and review its management. A 31-year-old man was involved in a road traffic collision. The car rolled over and the patient was ejected from the vehicle. On arrival at the Emergency Department the patient was conscious and haemodynamically stable. Clinical examination of the chest and abdomen was normal. The patient had sustained fractures of the sixth cervical vertebra and the tenth thoracic vertebra, left pleural effusion, haematoma around the descending aorta and fracture of the right clavicle...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900310/rockwood-grade-i-and-ii-acromioclavicular-injuries-as-benign-as-commonly-believed
#5
Alexander Scott North
The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is the articulation between the distal clavicle and the acromion process of the scapula. As the upper limb moves, passive motion of the AC joint occurs in three planes, with the AC and coracoclavicular ligaments providing stability. Injuries are common, particularly during contact sports, and are classified using Rockwood's system. Grade I (sprain) and II (rupture) injuries only affect the AC ligaments and are generally managed conservatively. However, recent reports have indicated that long-term outcomes after these injuries are poor, perhaps due to an inadequate period of immobilization preventing complete ligamentous healing...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900147/complex-shoulder-girdle-injuries-following-mountain-bike-accidents-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Matthew Alexander Lea, Navnit Makaram, Makaram S Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Mountain and road bike accidents are particularly common with the increased popularity of the sport. We reviewed the attendances in our emergency department over a 4-year period looking at cycling injuries to detect the level and grade of these injuries and their outcomes. METHOD: Royal Blackburn Hospital caters for a population of 550 000. A search through the Hospital information system revealed 104 patients with fractures following mountain bike injuries...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895083/locking-plate-external-fixation-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-treatment-of-a-primary-infection-in-a-closed-clavicle-fracture
#7
Robert M Kenyon, David I Morrissey, Diarmuid C Molony, John Francis Quinlan
Infection in a clavicle fracture is uncommon, but remains a challenging problem. A paucity of soft tissue coverage often combined with significant displacement and interfragmentary movement add complexity to an already difficult situation for effective infection treatment. External fixation in principle offers a means of achieving fracture stability, while the infection is being eradicated. We present the case of a closed clavicle fracture, initially treated conservatively, that presented 5 weeks later with infection...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886682/clavicle-shaft-fractures-in-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Scott Yang, Lindsay Andras
Midshaft clavicle fractures in adolescents are common. Recent literature in adults fractures favors open reduction and plate fixation for significantly displaced and/or shortened midshaft clavicle fractures, although whether this applies to adolescents remains debatable. This article reviews the current literature and controversy in the management of displaced adolescent clavicle fractures.
January 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884200/a-three-stage-procedure-using-bone-transportation-for-the-treatment-of-sternoclavicular-infectious-arthritis
#9
Hua Chen, Xinran Ji, Ming Hao, Qun Zhang, Peifu Tang
BACKGROUND: Sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) infectious arthritis is a rare disease. A standard treatment for SCJ infection has not been established. This study aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of a three-stage procedure with bone transportation (BT) for treating SCJ infectious arthritis. METHODS: Six patients (mean age 39.5 years) with chronic SCJ infectious arthritis were included in the study. The patients underwent a three-stage treatment between January 2009 and December 2012, and results were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878768/congenital-forward-shoulder-with-clavicle-hypoplasia-surgical-lengthening-by-intercalary-graft-positioning-and-plate-fixation
#10
S Giannini, C Pungetti, A Mazzotti, F Traina, C Faldini
BACKGROUND: Congenital forward shoulder with clavicular hypoplasia is a rare disease which can be caused by an alteration of clavicular development in such a way that the clavicles are short. Symptoms are often absent; in most cases the main problem is represented by the cosmetic implications. There is no general consensus about the correct management, and surgery is the only way to correct the deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of the study is to describe a new surgical treatment in patients with congenital forward shoulder and clavicular hypoplasia...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875773/bereitschaftspotential-preceding-spontaneous-and-voluntary-eyelid-blinks-in-normal-individuals
#11
Isabella Araujo Mota, Otávio Gomes Lins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) preceding spontaneous and voluntary eyelid blinks in normal subjects. METHODS: Eighteen healthy individuals (10 female) between 17 and 60years (mean 35) were studied. The EEG was recorded from 11 scalp positions of the 10-20 international electrode placement system referenced to linked mastoids. The vertical electrooculogram (VEOG) was recorded from two electrodes positioned above and below the right eye...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870672/the-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-generic-locking-plate-utilization-at-a-level-ii-trauma-center
#12
Austin Mcphillamy, Taylor P Gurnea, Alastair E Moody, Christopher G Kurnik, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: In today's climate of cost containment and fiscal responsibility, generic implant alternatives represent an interesting area of untapped resources. As patents have expired on many commonly used trauma implants, generic alternatives have recently become available from a variety of sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical and economic impact of a cost containment program using high quality, generic orthopaedic locking plates. The implants available for study were anatomically precontoured plates for the clavicle, proximal humerus, distal radius, proximal tibia, distal tibia, and distal fibula...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864184/surgical-versus-nonsurgical-treatment-for-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-in-patients-aged-16-years-and-older-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-comparison-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#13
Diederik P J Smeeing, Denise J C van der Ven, Falco Hietbrink, Tim K Timmers, Mark van Heijl, Moyo C Kruyt, Rolf H H Groenwold, Olivier A J van der Meijden, Roderick M Houwert
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the choice of treatment of midshaft clavicle fractures (MCFs). PURPOSE: The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were (1) to compare fracture healing disorders and functional outcomes of surgical versus nonsurgical treatment of MCFs and (2) to compare effect estimates obtained from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857493/are-standard-antero-posterior-and-20%C3%A2-caudal-radiographs-a-true-assessment-of-mid-shaft-clavicular-fracture-displacement
#14
Jonathan Wright, Nick Aresti, Charlotte Heuveling, Livio Di Mascio
AIMS: Decision-making in management of clavicle fractures is often based on the degree of displacement and shortening present on plain radiographs. We aimed to evaluate whether plain radiographs provide an accurate representation of the true displacement present, which can be difficult to image in orthogonal planes. METHODS: Consecutive high-energy trauma patients with midshaft clavicular fractures requiring further CT imaging of the thorax/abdomen for other associated injuries between 2009 and 2012 were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855047/-functional-and-radiological-evaluation-of-patients-with-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-surgically-treated
#15
Ángel Jesús Ojeda-Reyes, Rodolfo Gregorio Barragán-Hervella, Hernán Vallecillo-Velázquez, Iván Alvarado-Ortega, María Socorro Romero-Figueroa, Álvaro José Montiel-Jarquín
BACKGROUND: Functional and radiographic evaluation at midshaft clavicle fractures is better with surgical than conservative management. The aim of this paper is to describe the functional and radiological evaluation of patients with midshaft clavicle fracture surgery at the Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. METHODS: Descriptive studies, conducted during the period June 2014 to June 2015, patients undergoing surgical treatment for midshaft clavicle fracture were included...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848088/corr-insights-%C3%A2-high-irritation-and-removal-rates-after-plate-or-nail-fixation-in-patients-with-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures
#16
Maximiliano Ranalletta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847843/proximity-of-vital-structures-to-the-clavicle-comparison-of-fractured-and-non-fractured-side
#17
Frans J Mulder, Jos J Mellema, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Previous anatomic and radiological studies have described the relationship of the clavicle to major neurovascular structures in healthy subjects. We were curious about this relationship in patients with a clavicle fracture and if it is different from non-fractured clavicles. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients with a clavicle fracture between July 2001 and October 2013 in two level 1 trauma centers. Patients aged 18 years or greater with an acute unilateral clavicle fracture and a chest CT scan in the supine position displaying both clavicles and the complete fracture were included...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847662/effectiveness-of-clavicula-pro-humero-reconstruction-for-elderly-patients-report-of-two-cases
#18
Sho Okimatsu, Hiroto Kamoda, Tsukasa Yonemoto, Shintaro Iwata, Takeshi Ishii
Clavicula pro humero (CPH) reconstruction is a method that is used after proximal humeral excision. During CPH reconstruction, the ipsilateral clavicle is rotated downward and connected to the preserved distal humerus by using plates and screws. This method is frequently used for reconstruction surgeries involving young patients and has positive outcomes. In this study, we describe two cases of CPH reconstruction that were performed on elderly individuals after wide resection of the proximal humerus; postoperative results from these surgeries were satisfactory...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847077/a-close-call-an-impacted-knife-injury-to-the-thorax
#19
Tim Kaufeld, Christian Zeckey, Steffen Marquardt, Christian Krettek, Axel Haverich, Igor Tudorache
A 21-year-old woman with a history of psychiatric treatment was admitted to the emergency department with self-inflicted stab wounds to the neck, chest, and abdomen as the result of a suicide attempt. Inspection showed a seemingly superficial cut at the jugular fossa. The patient's mother stated that one long ceramic kitchen bread knife was totally embedded in the right thorax. Further diagnostic measures showed the missing kitchen bread knife penetrating the right chest, with the path of insertion starting 2 cm above the right clavicle and the blade in contact with the right hilum and ending next to the seventh thoracic vertebra...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833275/passage-through-the-carotid-sheath-an-alternative-path-to-the-pre-spinal-route-for-direct-repair-of-contralateral-c7-to-the-lower-trunk-in-total-brachial-plexus-root-avulsion-injury
#20
Piyush Bhupendra Doshi, Yogesh Chimanbhai Bhatt
CONTEXT: In surgical management of global brachial plexus injuries, direct repair of contralateral C7 (cC7) to the anterior division of the lower trunk, can produce good extrinsic finger flexion. The pitfalls associated with the pre-spinal passage have, perhaps, proved to be a deterrent for using this technique routinely. AIMS: The aim of this study is to demonstrate an alternative to pre-spinal route for cC7 transfer in brachial plexus avulsion injuries. METHODS: We noted that the mobilised lower trunk, which reaches the level of the scalenus anterior by passage deep to the clavicle, can be brought to the suprasternal notch when brought out from below the clavicle...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
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