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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722015/trpv1-regulates-excitatory-innervation-of-olm-neurons-in-the-hippocampus
#1
Joaquin I Hurtado-Zavala, Binu Ramachandran, Saheeb Ahmed, Rashi Halder, Christiane Bolleyer, Ankit Awasthi, Markus A Stahlberg, Robin J Wagener, Kristin Anderson, Ryan M Drenan, Henry A Lester, Julie M Miwa, Jochen F Staiger, Andre Fischer, Camin Dean
TRPV1 is an ion channel activated by heat and pungent agents including capsaicin, and has been extensively studied in nociception of sensory neurons. However, the location and function of TRPV1 in the hippocampus is debated. We found that TRPV1 is expressed in oriens-lacunosum-moleculare (OLM) interneurons in the hippocampus, and promotes excitatory innervation. TRPV1 knockout mice have reduced glutamatergic innervation of OLM neurons. When activated by capsaicin, TRPV1 recruits more glutamatergic, but not GABAergic, terminals to OLM neurons in vitro...
July 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721659/antimicrobial-activity-of-selected-polyphenols-and-capsaicinoids-identified-in-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-and-their-possible-mode-of-interaction
#2
Meriem Mokhtar, Giovanna Ginestra, Fatma Youcefi, Angela Filocamo, Carlo Bisignano, Ali Riazi
Antimicrobial activity of pepper polyphenols and capsaicinoids (Coumarin, caffeic acid, narangin, kaempferol, rutin, quercetin, capsaicin, and dihydrocapsaicin) against 13 pathogen bacteria and three beneficial strains was studied using the disk diffusion and microdilution methods. In general, phenolic compounds had the most important activity with the highest inhibition zones obtained with caffeic acid (3.5-20.5 mm), quercetin (4.75-3.5 mm), and kaempferol (7-14 mm). In the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations, the effects of both quercetin and kaempferol were more important than caffeic acid...
July 18, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720957/bioactive-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-in-scalded-jalape%C3%A3-o-pepper-industrial-byproduct-capsicum-annuum
#3
Claudia Jaqueline Sandoval-Castro, Maribel Valdez-Morales, B Dave Oomah, Roberto Gutiérrez-Dorado, Sergio Medina-Godoy, L Gabriela Espinosa-Alonso
Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity were evaluated from industrial Jalapeño pepper byproducts and simulated non processed byproducts from two Mexican states (Chihuahua and Sinaloa) to determine their value added potential as commercial food ingredients. Aqueous 80% ethanol produced about 13% of dry extract of polar compounds. Total phenolic content increased and capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin decreased on scalding samples (80 °C, 2 min) without affecting ascorbic acid. The major phenolic compounds, rutin, epicatechin and catechin comprised 90% of the total compounds detected by HPLC of each Jalapeño pepper byproducts...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719042/serotonergic-paraneurons-in-the-female-mouse-urethral-epithelium-and-their-potential-role-in-peripheral-sensory-information-processing
#4
F Aura Kullmann, Huiyi H Chang, Christian Gauthier, Bronagh M McDonnell, Jih-Chao Yeh, Dennis R Clayton, Anthony J Kanai, William C de Groat, Gerard L Apodaca, Lori A Birder
AIM: The mechanisms underlying detection and transmission of sensory signals arising from visceral organs, such as the urethra, are poorly understood. Recently, specialized ACh-expressing cells embedded in the urethral epithelium have been proposed as chemosensory sentinels for detection of bacterial infection. Here we examined the morphology and potential role in sensory signaling of a different class of specialized cells that express serotonin (5-HT), termed paraneurons. METHODS: Urethrae, dorsal root ganglia neurons and spinal cords were isolated from adult female mice and used for immunohistochemistry and calcium imaging...
July 18, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718683/the-measurement-of-cough-response-to-bronchoconstriction-induced-by-methacholine-inhalation-in-healthy-subjects-an-examination-using-the-astograph-method
#5
Johsuke Hara, Masaki Fujimura, Noriyuki Ohkura, Tamami Sakai, Kenta Yamamura, Miki Abo, Hayato Koba, Satoshi Watanabe, Taro Yoneda, Shingo Nishikawa, Takashi Sone, Hideharu Kimura, Yoshihisa Ishiura, Kazuo Kasahara
BACKGROUND: We demonstrated that heightened cough response to bronchoconstriction is a fundamental feature of cough variant asthma (CVA). To evaluate this physiological feature of CVA in daily clinical practice, it is necessary to clarify the cough response to bronchoconstriction in healthy subjects. We evaluated cough response to methacholine (MCh)-induced bronchoconstriction in healthy subjects. A forced oscillometry technique was used to measure airway resistance changes with Mch. METHODS: Healthy never-smokers (21 men, 20 women; mean 22...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712109/therapeutic-effect-of-capsaicin-nasal-treatment-in-patients-with-mixed-rhinitis-unresponsive-to-intranasal-steroids
#6
Laura Van Gerven, B Steelant, Y A Alpizar, Karel Talavera, Peter W Hellings
Literature is convincing regarding the efficacy of capsaicin nasal treatment in idiopathic rhinitis (IR). However, up to 50% of IR patients do not meet the strict inclusion criteria of the trials conducted so far. As a consequence, the efficacy of capsaicin is unknown in a significant number of IR patients that do not meet the strict inclusion/exclusion criteria (1)(2). 'Mixed rhinitis' (MR) patients have more than one major etiologic factor involved in the mucosal pathology. We have no idea about the efficacy of capsaicin nasal spray in these patients nor about the time interval to seek a second application...
July 16, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705805/validation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-method-for-selective-vagal-deafferentation-of-the-gut
#7
Charlene Diepenbroek, Danielle Quinn, Ricky Stephens, Benjamin Zollinger, Seth Anderson, Annabelle Pan, Guillaume de Lartigue
There is a lack of tools that selectively target vagal afferent neurons (VAN) innervating the gut. We use saporin (SAP), a potent neurotoxin, conjugated to the GI hormone cholecystokinin (CCK-SAP) injected into the nodose ganglia (NG) of male Wistar rats to specifically ablate GI-VAN. We report that CCK-SAP ablates a sub-population of VAN in culture. In vivo, CCK-SAP injection into the NG reduces VAN innervating the mucosal and muscular layers of the stomach and small intestine, but not the colon, while leaving vagal efferent neurons intact...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701920/tlx3-function-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-is-pivotal-to-itch-and-pain-sensations
#8
Chengcheng Huang, Fumin Lu, Ping Li, Cheng Cao, Zijing Liu
Itch, a sensation eliciting a desire to scratch, is distinct from but not completely independent of pain. Inspiring achievements have been made in the characterization of itch-related receptors and neurotransmitters, but the molecular mechanisms controlling the development of pruriceptors remain poorly understood. Here, our RNAseq and in situ hybridization data show that the transcription factor Tlx3 is required for the expression of a majority of itch-related molecules in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). As a result, Tlx3(F/F);Nav1...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700537/qst-response-patterns-to-capsaicin-and-uv-b-induced-local-skin-hypersensitization-in-healthy-subjects-a-machine-learned-analysis
#9
Jörn Lötsch, Gerd Geisslinger, Sarah Heinemann, Florian Lerch, Bruno G Oertel, Alfred Ultsch
The comprehensive assessment of pain-related human phenotypes requires combinations of nociceptive measures that produce complex high-dimensional data, posing challenges to bioinformatic analysis. In this study, we assessed established experimental models of heat hyperalgesia of the skin, consisting of local ultraviolet-B (UV-B) irradiation or capsaicin application, in 82 healthy subjects using a variety of noxious stimuli. We extended the original heat simulation by applying cold and mechanical stimuli and assessing the hypersensitization effects with a clinically established quantitative sensory testing (QST) battery (German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain)...
July 8, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691458/a-%C3%A2-burning%C3%A2-therapy-for-burning-mouth-syndrome-preliminary-results-with-the-administration-of-topical-capsaicin
#10
L Azzi, F Croveri, L Pasina, M Porrini, R Vinci, M Manfredini, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue, J Silvestre-Rangil, F Spadari
Burning mouth syndrome is defined as an intraoral burning sensation for which no medical or dental cause can be found. Recently, researchers have demonstrated an altered trophism of the small nerve fibres and alterations in the numbers of TRPV-1 vanilloid receptors. Capsaicin is a molecule that is contained in hot peppers and is specifically detected by TRPV-1 vanilloid receptors that are distributed in the oral mucosae. We aimed at verifying if topical capsaicin could prove to be an effective treatment of Burning Mouth Syndrome...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690256/sensitive-electrochemical-capsaicin-sensor-based-on-a-screen-printed-electrode-modified-with-poly-sodium-4-styrenesulfonate-functionalized-graphite
#11
Yan Wang, Bin-Bin Huang, Wan-Lin Dai, Bin Xu, Tian-Liang Wu, Jia-Ping Ye, Jian-Shan Ye
A sensitive capsaicin sensor was constructed based on a poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) functionalized graphite modified screen printed electrode (PSS-Grp/SPE) in this study. The PSS-Grp and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) functionalized graphite (PDDA-Grp) were easily synthesized by interacting Grp with PSS and PDDA through sonication, and resulted in negative and with positive charges on the surface, respectively. The prepared PSS-Grp and PDDA-Grp were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and ultraviolet and visible spectroscopy (UV-vis)...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687197/opioid-receptor-activation-is-involved-in-neuroprotection-induced-by-trpv1-channel-activation-against-excitotoxicity-in-the-rat-retina
#12
Kenji Sakamoto, Taiyo Kuroki, Tomonori Sagawa, Hiroko Ito, Asami Mori, Tsutomu Nakahara, Kunio Ishii
Recently, we reported that capsaicin, a transient receptor potential vanilloid type1 (TRPV1) agonist, protected against excitotoxicity induced by intravitreal N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) in the rats in vivo. It has been reported that morphine, an opioid receptor agonist, ameliorated excitotoxicity induced by ischemia-reperfusion in the retina, and that capsaicin-induced neuroprotection was reduced by naloxone, an opioid receptor antagonist in the brain. The aim of the present study is to clarify whether activation of opioid receptors is involved in the capsaicin-induced neuroprotection in the retina...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687195/%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-elicits-itch-related-responses-in-mice-through-the-direct-activation-of-primary-afferent-neurons-expressing-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1
#13
Tsugunobu Andoh, Takahito Maki, Sikai Li, Daisuke Uta
Uremic pruritus is an unpleasant symptom in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. β2-Microglobulin (β2-MG) is well-known as an MHC class I molecule and its level is increased in the plasma of patients undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, we investigated whether β2-MG was a pruritogen in mice. Intradermal injections of β2-MG into the rostral back induced scratching in a dose-dependent manner. Intradermal injection of β2-MG into the cheek also elicited scratching, but not wiping...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684697/transient-receptor-potential-trp-channels-in-drug-discovery-old-concepts-new-thoughts
#14
EDITORIAL
Susan Huang, Arpad Szallasi
2017 marks the 20th anniversary of the molecular cloning by David Julius and colleagues (1997) of the long sought-after capsaicin receptor, now known as TRPV1 (Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1) [1]. This seminal discovery has opened up a "hot" new field of basic research and launched drug discovery efforts into the large family (by the latest count 28 mammalian members, 27 in humans) of TRP ion channels [2]. Indeed, it took less than a decade for the first potent, small molecule TRPV1 antagonists to enter phase 1 clinical trials [3]...
July 6, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684466/pharyngeal-stimulation-with-sugar-triggers-local-searching-behavior-in-drosophila
#15
Satoshi Murata, Axel Brockmann, Teiichi Tanimura
Foraging behavior is essential for all organisms to find food containing nutritional chemicals. A hungry fly of Drosophila melanogaster performs local searching behavior after drinking a small amount of sugar solution. Using video tracking we examined how the searching behavior is regulated in D. melanogaster We found that a small amount of highly concentrated sugar solution induced a long-lasting searching behavior. After the intake of sugar solution, a fly moved around in circles and repeatedly returned to the position where the sugar droplet had been placed...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684276/role-of-capsaicin-and-heat-sensitive-afferents-in-stimulation-of-acupoint-induced-pain-and-analgesia-in-humans
#16
Jing Lei, Gang Ye, Jiang-Tao Wu, Antti Pertovaara, Hao-Jun You
We investigated role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents within and without the areas of Zusanli (ST36)/Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints along the stomach (ST) meridian in the perception and modulation of pain assessed by visual analog scale of pain and its distribution rated by subjects, pressure pain threshold (PPT), and heat pain threshold (HPT) in humans. Compared with the treatment of non-acupoint area, capsaicin (100µg/50µl) administered into either ST36 or ST37 acupoint caused the strongest pain intensity and the most extensive pain distribution, followed by rapid onset, bilateral, long-lasting secondary mechanical hyperalgesia and slower onset secondary heat hypoalgesia (1day after the capsaicin treatment)...
July 3, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682933/acute-capsaicin-supplementation-improves-resistance-training-performance-in-trained-men
#17
Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Jason M Cholewa, Renan Valero Freire, Bruna Alves Carmo, Jefferson Bottan, Murilo Bratfich, Murilo Portari Della Bandeira, Daniela Caetano Gonçalves, Erico Chagas Caperuto, Fabio S Lira, Fabrício E Rossi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of capsaicin supplementation on performance, rate of perceived exertion and blood lactate concentrations during resistance exercise in healthy trained young men. Ten resistance-trained men (age= 22.7±4.0 yrs, weight= 82.3±9.6 kg, height= 1.75±0.1 cm) completed two randomized, double-blind trials: Capsaicin condition (12mg) or a placebo condition. Forty five minutes after supplement consumption, subjects performed four sets until movement failure in the squat exercise at 70% of 1RM with 90 seconds of rest interval between sets...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681979/trpv1-channels-in-human-skeletal-muscle-feed-arteries-implications-for-vascular-function
#18
Stephen J Ives, Song Young Park, Oh Sung Kwon, Jayson R Gifford, Robert H I Andtbacka, John R Hyngstrom, Russell S Richardson
To examine the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1 ) ion channel in the vascular function of human skeletal muscle feed arteries (SMFAs) and if activation of this heat-sensitive receptor could be involved in modulating vascular function, SMFAs from 16 humans (63 ± 5, 41-89 yrs) were studied using wire myography with capsaicin (TRPV1 agonist) and without (control). Specifically, phenylephrine (PE, α1 -adrenergic receptor agonist), dexemedetomidine (DEX, α2 -adrenergic receptor agonist), acetylcholine (ACh), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) concentration response curves (CRCs) were performed to assess the role of TRPV1 channels in α-receptor-mediated vasocontraction as well as endothelium-dependent and independent vasorelaxation, respectively...
July 6, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681962/systematic-review-of-management-of-chronic-pain-after-surgery
#19
REVIEW
V Wylde, J Dennis, A D Beswick, J Bruce, C Eccleston, N Howells, T J Peters, R Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Pain present for at least 3 months after a surgical procedure is considered chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and affects 10-50 per cent of patients. Interventions for CPSP may focus on the underlying condition that indicated surgery, the aetiology of new-onset pain or be multifactorial in recognition of the diverse causes of this pain. The aim of this systematic review was to identify RCTs of interventions for the management of CPSP, and synthesize data across treatment type to estimate their effectiveness and safety...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681654/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-and-topical-capsaicin-treating-smoke-with-fire
#20
Josh J Wang, Eric Villeneuve, Jacques-Alexandre Amiel, Sophie Gosselin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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