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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161342/oral-frailty-as-a-risk-factor-for-physical-frailty-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#1
Tomoki Tanaka, Kyo Takahashi, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Yutaka Watanabe, Yuki Ohara, Hiroyasu Furuya, Tetsuo Tsuji, Masahiro Akishita, Katsuya Iijima
Background: Oral health is important for maintaining general health among the elderly. However, a longitudinal association between poor oral health and general health has not been reported. We investigated whether poor oral status can predict physical weakening (physical frailty, sarcopenia, subsequent disability) and identified the longitudinal impact of the accumulated poor oral health (i.e., oral frailty) on adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Methods: A total of 2,011 elderly individuals (aged ≥65 years) participated in the baseline survey of the Kashiwa study in 2012...
November 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156926/-oral-feeding-and-nutritional-improvement-in-hospitals-and-residential-care-homes-industry-innovations
#2
Rosa M Ortega, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Esther Cuadrado Soto, Rosa M Martínez García, Ana M López Sobaler
OBJECTIVES: Inpatient and institutionalized elderly patients are population groups vulnerable from the nutritional point of view because oftheir greater risk of deficiencies and because in them the effects of imbalances are more serious than in other groups. Analyzing the possible usefulness of industry innovations offering solutions in the oral feeding of these population groups constitutes the objective of the present work. METHODS: Bibliographic search related to the topic...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153586/non-specific-effects-of-childhood-vaccinations-a-case-control-study-nested-into-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-in-rural-burkina-faso
#3
G Pfeiffer, A B Fisker, E Nebié, J Hengelbrock, A Sié, H Becher, O Müller
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies in African countries have been suggestive of non-specific effects (NSE) of vaccination on child survival. Live vaccines (e.g. measles, MV) have been found to reduce child mortality while inactivated vaccines (e.g. diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, DTP) have been associated with increased mortality; NSE were often found to be sex-specific. METHODS: A case-control study nested into the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) cohort of the Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna (CRSN) was conducted in northwestern Burkina Faso...
November 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#4
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149979/influence-of-oral-anaerobic-bacteria-on-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-patients-oral-mucositis-and-general-condition
#6
L Osakabe, A Utsumi, B Saito, Y Okamatsu, H Kinouchi, T Nakamaki, S Hironaka
OBJECTIVE: Oral mucositis (OM) caused by infection facilitated by myelosuppression and immunosuppression can be controlled through oral care. We investigated changes in oral anaerobic bacterial flora during the onset of OM with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: This study included 19 patients who underwent HSCT. All received professional oral care before initiating the preparative regimen. We assessed OM, oral health and obtained microbial samples from the oral cavity during 5 assessment points: before initiating the preparative regimen; the day before HSCT (day 1); and at 7, 14, and 30 days after HSCT...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145616/variation-in-methylmercury-metabolism-and-elimination-status-mermes-in-humans-following-fish-consumption
#7
Samuel W Caito, Brian P Jackson, Tracy Punshon, Thomas Scrimale, Alex Grier, Steven R Gill, Tanzy M Love, Gene E Watson, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Matthew D Rand
Evaluating the potential for methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity relies on accurately predicting the mercury (Hg) body burden that results from eating fish. Hg body burden is directly determined by the slow elimination kinetics of MeHg in the human body (kel ∼0.014days-1 or t1/2∼ 50days). Existing studies on MeHg half-life in humans demonstrate a wide range values (t1/2 = 30 to > 150days) and has lead to uncertainty in the derivation of a regulatory standard for acceptable daily oral intake. The causes of variation in MeHg toxicokinetics in humans remain little explored...
November 14, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145211/patient-reported-outcome-results-from-the-open-label-randomized-phase-iii-select-bc-trial-evaluating-first-line-s-1-therapy-for-metastatic-breast-cancer
#8
Takuya Kawahara, Kojiro Shimozuma, Takeru Shiroiwa, Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Yukari Uemura, Takanori Watanabe, Naruto Taira, Takashi Fukuda, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirofumi Mukai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of S-1, an orally administered 5-FU agent, versus taxane on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the SELECT BC trial. METHODS: Patients with HER2-negative and endocrine treatment-resistant breast cancer with metastasis or recurrence after surgery were randomly assigned to receive first-line taxane or S-1. PROs (secondary endpoint) were assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and Patient Neurotoxicity Questionnaire (PNQ) at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months...
November 17, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145152/possible-role-of-arthrospira-platensis-in-reversing-oxidative-stress-mediated-liver-damage-in-rats-exposed-to-lead
#9
Samah R Khalil, Walaa M Elhady, Yaser H A Elewa, Noura E Abd El-Hameed, Sozan A Ali
Environmental pollutants, particularly metallic elements, mobilized and released into the environment, eventually accumulate in the food chain and thus pose a serious threat to human and animal health. In the present study, the role of Arthrospira (Spirulina platensis; SP) as a protector against oxidative stress-mediated liver damage induced by an exposure to lead acetate (LA; as a metallic pollutant) was assessed. To achieve this aim, rats were orally administered with 300 mg/kg bw SP for 15 days, before and concurrently with an intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg bw LA (6 injections throughout 15 days)...
November 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#10
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#11
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142395/biological-effect-of-cynara-cardunculus-on-kidney-status-of-hypercholesterolemic-rats
#12
Abdullah Glil Alkushi
Context: Cynara cardunculus or artichoke thistle belongs to the sunflower family and has a variety of cultivable forms. Historically, it was cultivated as a vegetable, but more recently, it is being used in cheese and biofuel preparation. Artichoke leaf extracts are also known for its medicinal purposes, particularly in reducing the elevated cholesterol levels in blood. Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is also associated with other complications such as impaired renal function and diabetes mellitus...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140554/factors-associated-to-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes
#13
Sylvie Azogui-Lévy, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Sarah Attal, Agnes Hartemann, Fani Anagnostou, Jean Azerad
AIMS: Oral pathologies are prevalent in diabetes, and they may affect the quality of life and patient's perception of their oral health. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated to oral health-related quality of life of patients with diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 316 patients visiting a hospital diabetic unit. Sociodemographic, oral and medical care data were recorded, and a General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire was completed...
November 15, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137082/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-periodontitis-in-taiwan-from-1997-to-2013-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#14
Hui-Chieh Yu, Ni-Yu Su, Jing-Yang Huang, Shiuan-Shinn Lee, Yu-Chao Chang
Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent oral diseases. In this study, we probed the nationwide registered database to assess the time trends of prevalence of periodontitis in Taiwan.A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the registered database compiled by the National Health Insurance provided by the Department of Health, Taiwan, from 1997 to December 2013.We found that the prevalence of periodontitis significantly increased from 11.5% in 1997 to 19.59% in 2013 (P for trend < .0001). The mean age ± standard deviation with periodontitis from 1997 to 2013 was 54...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136361/dental-status-in-nursing-home-residents-with-domiciliary-dental-care-in-sweden
#15
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135723/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws
#16
Giacomo Oteri, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Michele Runci, Matteo Peditto, Antonia Marcianò, Marco Cicciù
The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical outcome and the change in oral-health-related quality of life (QoL) of osteoporotic patients affected by medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ). Forty-one patients, consecutively treated for a 10-year period, were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent a marginal osseous resective jaw surgery. A clinical 12 months postoperative evaluation has been performed and the complete mucosal healing, the absence of swelling and suppuration, and no signs of disease recurrence were defined like success parameters...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133111/effect-of-oral-contraception-on-anemia-in-12-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
S Bellizzi, M M Ali
CONTEXT: In low and middle-income countries anaemia is a major public health issue in women of reproductive age for a series of factors including iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence of anemia and to assess the association of low level of haemoglobin versus duration of use of oral contraceptives (OC). METHODS: Demographic and health survey (DHS) of 12 countries, conducted between 2005 and 2012, were analyzed. The status of anemia was separately evaluated for non-pregnant women using OC for at least six months, one year, and two years, and for women using no method of contraception and/or using non-hormonal contraception...
November 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132738/impact-of-implant-supported-prostheses-on-nutritional-status-and-oral-health-perception-in-edentulous-patients
#18
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Farah Moukaddem, Tatiana Papazian, Robert Saad, Martine Hennequin, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Improvement of nutritional status and perception of oral health are supposed to be different with complete conventional denture or implant-supported fixed or removable prostheses. Since no study has been conducted in Lebanon, the aim of our study was to assess the nutritional status and oral heath related quality of life (OHRQoL) in totally edentulous patients after treatment with complete denture or implant supported-prostheses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was an observational clinical prospective study...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132377/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-short-form-cohip-sf-19
#19
A A Arheiam, S R Baker, L Ballo, I Elareibi, S Fakron, R V Harris
BACKGROUND: This study aims to cross-culturally adapt the original English-language COHIP-SF 19 to Arabic culture and to test its psychometric properties in a community sample. METHODS: The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was developed and its psychometric properties were examined in a population-based sample of 876 schoolchildren who were aged 12 years of age, in Benghazi, Libya. The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was tested for its internal consistency, reproducibility, construct validity, factorial validity and floor as well as ceiling effects...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132069/risk-factors-for-tooth-loss-in-middle-and-older-age-after-up-to-10-years-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Alexander Jochen Hassel, Volkan Safaltin, Sabine Grill, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Anna-Luisa Klotz, Edriss Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors for tooth loss in two birth cohorts, quinquagenarians and septuagenarians, after up to 10 years of clinical observation. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from the Interdisciplinary Study of Adult Development (ILSE) and examined at baseline and up to 10 years after. Thirty-nine and 84 participants belonged to the older (OC; born in 1930/32) cohort and younger (YC; born in 1950/52) cohort, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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