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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086754/making-the-most-of-mealtimes-m3-protocol-of-a-multi-centre-cross-sectional-study-of-food-intake-and-its-determinants-in-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-homes
#1
Heather H Keller, Natalie Carrier, Susan Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Catriona M Steele, Lisa Duizer, K Steve Brown, Habib Chaudhury, Minn N Yoon, Alison M Duncan, Veronique M Boscart, George Heckman, Lita Villalon
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in long term care (LTC) homes are nutritionally vulnerable, often consuming insufficient energy, macro- and micronutrients to sustain their health and function. Multiple factors are proposed to influence food intake, yet our understanding of these diverse factors and their interactions are limited. The purpose of this paper is to fully describe the protocol used to examine determinants of food and fluid intake among older adults participating in the Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081056/guidance-for-assessment-of-poliovirus-vaccination-status-and-vaccination-of-children-who-have-received-poliovirus-vaccine-outside-the-united-states
#2
Mona Marin, Manisha Patel, Steve Oberste, Mark A Pallansch
In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio). Since then, wild poliovirus (WPV) cases have declined by >99.9%, from an estimated 350,000 cases of polio each year to 74 cases in two countries in 2015 (1). This decrease was achieved primarily through the use of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV), which contains types 1, 2, and 3 live, attenuated polioviruses. Since 2000, the United States has exclusively used inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which contains all three poliovirus types (2,3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#3
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074217/-nutrition-in-dementia
#4
D Volkert
BACKGROUND: In the course of dementia sooner or later nutritional problems appear, and the question arises which interventions are effective in ensuring adequate nutrition and thus may contribute to the maintenance of health, functionality and independence. OBJECTIVE: This overview presents the state of knowledge regarding nutrition in dementia. METHODS: This work is based on the present guidelines of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) on nutrition in dementia, which systematically investigated relevant available evidence...
January 10, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073934/the-influence-of-customer-medicine-seller-transactional-dynamics-on-childhood-diarrhoea-management-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana
#5
Lauren Rosapep, Emily Sanders, Kathryn Banke
In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) jointly revised the recommended treatment for acute paediatric diarrhoea to specify supplementing reduced osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) with zinc. In many countries, however, a significant knowledge-practice gap persists in appropriate diarrhoea management among private healthcare providers. For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project recently demonstrated that over-the-counter medicine sellers (MS) in Ghana recommended inappropriate diarrhoea treatments, despite their demonstrated knowledge of appropriate treatment protocols...
January 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071622/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-after-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-oral-cancer-a-longitudinal-study-with-the-liverpool-oral-rehabilitation-questionnaire-version-3-and-oral-health-impact-profile-14-questionnaire
#6
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey, J Dugad
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontic rehabilitation helps to improve the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL). The Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) are specific tools that measure OHRQOL. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the impact of oral rehabilitation on patients' OHRQOL following treatment for cancer of oral cavity using LORQ version 3 (LORQv3) and OHIP-14 questionnaire. Secondary objectives were to identify issues specific to oral rehabilitation, patients compliance to prosthetic rehabilitation, the effect of radiation treatment on prosthetic rehabilitation, to achieve meaningful differences over a time before & after prosthetic intervention, to carryout and document specific patient-deprived problem...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066812/the-denture-associated-oral-microbiome-in-health-and-stomatitis
#7
Baochen Shi, Tingxi Wu, Jeffrey McLean, Anna Edlund, Youngik Young, Xuesong He, Hongyang Lv, Xuedong Zhou, Wenyuan Shi, Huiying Li, Renate Lux
While investigation of the microbiome on natural oral surfaces has generated a wealth of information, few studies have examined the microbial communities colonizing dentures and their relationship to oral health. To address this knowledge gap, we characterized the bacterial community associated with dentures and remaining teeth in healthy individuals and patients with denture stomatitis. The microbiome compositions of matched denture and tooth plaque samples of 10 healthy individuals and 9 stomatitis patients were determined by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053924/association-between-periodontal-condition-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#8
Alessandro L Cavalcanti, Ianny A Ramos, Andreia M R Cardoso, Liege Helena F Fernandes, Amanda S Aragão, Fábio G Santos, Yêska P C Aguiar, Danielle F Carvalho, Carla C M Medeiros, Renata De S C Soares, Ricardo D Castro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious problem of public health and affects all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal condition and nutritional status of adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a probability cluster sampling, and the sample was defined by statistical criterion, consisting of 559 students aged 15-19 yr enrolled in public schools of adolescents of Campina Grande, PB, Brazil in 2012...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050520/oral-health-and-oral-contraceptive-is-it-a-shadow-behind-broad-day-light-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Irfan Ali, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptives are one of the risk factors for gingival disease. Oral contraceptives can affect the proliferation of cell, growth and differentiation of tissues in the periodontium. Nowadays recent research has suggested that the newer generation oral contraceptives have less influence on gingival diseases. AIM: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effect of oral contraceptives on periodontium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed; PubMed, PubMed Central and Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar were searched from 1970 up to December 2015 to identify appropriate studies...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050500/influence-of-hypertension-on-ph-of-saliva-and-flow-rate-in-elder-adults-correlating-with-oral-health-status
#10
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050499/oral-health-status-of-tibetan-and-local-school-children-a-comparative-study
#11
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Reshmi Haridas, Shanavas Paliayal, Sheela Rodrigues, Merrin Jose
INTRODUCTION: India has seen a large influx of refugee populations throughout history and the Tibetan immigration is one among them. Understanding the health status and needs of immigrants is imperative because of their growing numbers and their input to the health of the nation. The oral health professionals face many challenges while confronting refugees and immigrants from cultures different from their own. Earlier studies have shown that children, especially refugees and immigrants have had a higher prevalence of unmet oral health needs...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050496/the-insight-for-initiation-and-maintenance-of-areca-nut-chewing-habit-and-its-effects-on-oral-health-status-among-school-age-population-in-western-rajasthan-india
#12
Abhishek Singhvi, Ashish Joshi, Neeta Bagul, Sanya Bhatia, Gurdeep Singh, Rajkumari Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Areca nut is highly carcinogenic according to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Its usage is continuously increasing in children and adolescents in India. AIM: The aim of the study was to understand the reasons for the development of the areca nut chewing habit at early age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2846 subjects were surveyed from rural government schools between ages of 4 to18 years in Western Rajasthan, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050494/prosthetic-status-needs-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol-in-the-elderly-population-of-aluva-india
#13
Albin Geo Joseph, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Anil Mathew
INTRODUCTION: Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQOL), being a patient-centred outcome has profound association with the existing prosthetic status and needs. AIM: To assess the association between the prosthetic status and needs with OHRQOL in the elderly population of Aluva, Kochi, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the elderly residing in the municipal wards of Aluva municipality, Kochi, Kerala, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049967/stimulated-salivary-flow-rate-and-oral-health-status
#14
Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Bohan Fu, Koji Yonemoto, Sumio Akifusa, Yukie Shibata, Toru Takeshita, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yutaka Kiyohara, Yoshihisa Yamashita
This study examined the relationship between stimulated salivary flow rate and oral health status in an adult population. Multinomial multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations of salivary flow rate with dental caries status and periodontal status at the individual level among 2,110 Japanese adults with ≥10 teeth. Then, a spline model was used to examine the nonlinear relationship between salivary flow rate and teeth with dental caries or periodontal disease in multilevel analysis...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045197/oral-health-improvements-in-switzerland-over-20-years
#15
Cornelia Schneider, Elisabeth Zemp, Nicola U Zitzmann
While the time trends in oral health are favourable, differences still persist in dental status and in prosthetic dental restorations (PDR) between population subgroups. This study aimed to identify changes in oral health in Switzerland over two decades and to describe their relationship to sociodemographic factors in 2012. Swiss Health Surveys were conducted in 1992, 2002, and 2012. The mean number of missing teeth and the prevalence of PDR were calculated at each time point. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associations between the prevalence of PDR and sociodemographic factors...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043222/public-health-action-following-an-outbreak-of-toxigenic-cutaneous-diphtheria-in-an-auckland-refugee-resettlement-centre
#16
Gary E Reynolds, Helen Saunders, Angela Matson, Fiona O'Kane, Sally A Roberts, Salvin K Singh, Lesley M Voss, Tomasz Kiedrzynski
Global forced displacement has climbed to unprecedented levels due largely to regional conflict. Degraded public health services leave displaced people vulnerable to multiple environmental and infectious hazards including vaccine preventable disease. While diphtheria is rarely notified in New Zealand, a 2 person outbreak of cutaneous diphtheria occurred in refugees from Afghanistan in February 2015 at the refugee resettlement centre in Auckland. Both cases had uncertain immunisation status. The index case presented with a scalp lesion during routine health screen and toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae was isolated...
December 24, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042261/periodontal-health-status-and-implication-of-periodic-acid-schiff-diastase-a-key-in-exfoliative-cytology-among-diabetics-mellitus-patients-a-case-control-study
#17
Aesha Imran, Mayank Kumar Parakh, Satish Muthu Kumar, N Nachiammai, K Sriram
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are: (i) To determine if periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-Diastase is an effective tool to diagnose DM noninvasively, (ii) to use three different types of staining procedures to identify the staining pattern over the exfoliated cells of normal and diabetic patients, (iii) to study the periodontal health status of DM and normal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Basic questions regarding the demographic data were asked, following which community periodontal index (CPI) was recorded...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042258/dental-prosthetic-status-and-treatment-needs-of-adult-population-in-jizan-saudi-arabia-a-survey-report
#18
Syed Ali Peeran, Fuad Al Sanabani, Bandar M A Al-Makramani, Elfatih Ibrahim Elamin
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the dental prosthetic status and treatment needs of adult population in Jizan, Saudi Arabia, in relation to the age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1779 people aged 35-74 years from 4 survey areas (Hay al matar, Mahata khams, Dara ut tawhid, and Suq ad dakhili) selected through convenient sampling, around Jizan University, were surveyed, using the WHO survey criteria, 1997. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Number and percentages were calculated, and univariate analysis was performed using Chi-square test at 5% level of significance...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041735/beneficial-effects-of-probiotic-cholesterol-lowering-strain-of-enterococcus-faecium-wefa23-from-infants-on-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#19
Fen Zhang, Liang Qiu, Xiongpeng Xu, Zhengqi Liu, Hui Zhan, Xueying Tao, Nagendra P Shah, Hua Wei
The aim of this study was to select probiotic Enterococcus strains which have the potential to improve metabolic syndrome (MS). Ten Enterococcus strains isolated from healthy infants were evaluated for their probiotic properties in vitro, and Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 was selected due to its cholesterol removal ability (1.89 ± 0.07 mg/10(10) cfu), highest glycodeoxycholic acid-hydrolase activity (1.86 ± 0.01 U/mg), and strong adhesion capacity to Caco-2 cells (17.90 ± 0.19%). The safety of E. faecium WEFA23 was verified by acute oral administration in mice, and it was found to have no adverse effects on general health status, bacterial translocation, and gut mucosal histology...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038889/periodontitis-in-oral-pemphigus-and-pemphigoid-a-systematic-review-of-published-studies
#20
REVIEW
Isabella Jascholt, Olivia Lai, Detlef Zillikens, Michael Kasperkiewicz
Periodontitis and autoimmune bullous diseases, including pemphigus vulgaris and mucous membrane pemphigoid, are immunoinflammatory disorders leading to microbial plaque- and autoantibody-elicited tissue injury of the oral cavity, respectively. Evidence indicates that these autoimmune conditions may represent a risk factor for periodontitis, but no systematic evaluation exists to corroborate this assumption. A systematic literature review of periodontal status in pemphigus and pemphigoid was conducted. Electronic searches using PubMed from inception to July 2016 identified 10 studies meeting predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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