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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351551/periodontal-health-status-and-lung-function-in-two-norwegian-cohorts
#1
Antonio Manuel Pérez Barrionuevo, Francisco Gómez Real, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Ernst Omenaas, Karl A Franklin, Laura Pérez Barrionuevo, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Cecilie Svanes, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The oral cavity is united with the airways, and thus poor oral health may affect respiratory health. However, data on the interaction of periodontal and respiratory health is limited. We aimed to evaluate whether periodontal health status, assessed by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), was related to lung function among young and middle-aged adults in two Norwegian cohorts. METHODS: Periodontal health status and lung function were measured among 656 participants in the Norwegian part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECHRS III) and the RHINESSA offspring study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347943/the-factors-that-influence-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-15-year-old-children
#2
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P J McGrath
BACKGROUND: Several hypotheses on factors that influence oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) have been proposed but a consensus has not been reached. This cross-sectional study aimed to analyse the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence the OHRQoL of 15-year-old children. METHODS: A representative sample was selected from Hong Kong. Periodontal status and caries were examined according to WHO criteria. Four orthodontic indices were used to assess malocclusion...
January 18, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347940/domestic-feline-contribution-in-the-transmission-of-sporothrix-in-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil-a-comparison-between-infected-and-non-infected-populations
#3
Pãmella A Macêdo-Sales, Simone R L S Souto, Carolina A Destefani, Ricardo P Lucena, Ricardo Luiz D Machado, Marcia R Pinto, Anderson M Rodrigues, Leila M Lopes-Bezerra, Elisabeth M S Rocha, Andréa Regina S Baptista
BACKGROUND: Sporotrichosis is a neglected zoonosis caused by pathogenic fungi belonging to the Sporothrix schenckii complex. In Rio de Janeiro state, this disease reached an epidemic status with over 4700 domestic felines and around 4000 humans affected since the mid-90s. The present study evaluated clinical and epidemiological aspects and also the frequency of colonization and infection by these fungi in healthy cats and among those with suspicious cutaneous lesions, inhabiting four Rio de Janeiro state distinct areas...
January 18, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347931/attitudes-towards-tooth-fillings-in-tanzanian-adults-and-its-association-with-previous-filling-experience
#4
Kasusu K Nyamuryekung'e, Satu M Lahti, Risto J Tuominen
BACKGROUND: Tooth filling treatment is utilized at low levels in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs), further, little is known about the prevailing attitudes towards such treatment. This study aimed to assess attitudes towards tooth filling among Tanzanian adults and how previous tooth filling experience is associated with these attitudes. METHODS: A pretested structured questionnaire was distributed among 1522 out-patients in four regional hospitals in Tanzania in 2015-16...
January 18, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#5
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343164/inflammatory-and-oxidative-responses-in-pregnancies-with-obesity-and-periodontal-disease
#6
Marta Zambon, Chiara Mandò, Alessandra Lissoni, Gaia Maria Anelli, Chiara Novielli, Manuela Cardellicchio, Roberto Leone, Marta Noemi Monari, Maddalena Massari, Irene Cetin, Silvio Abati
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is related to immunologic and inflammatory systemic modifications that may worsen the pregnancy inflammatory status. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can adversely affect oral biofilms and oral health initiating or worsening periodontal diseases, with enhanced local and systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between local salivary and systemic parameters of oxidative stress and inflammation in relation to obesity and periodontal diseases...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342369/added-sugar-consumption-and-chronic-oral-disease-burden-among-adolescents-in-brazil
#7
C D S Carmo, M R C Ribeiro, J X P Teixeira, C M C Alves, M M Franco, A K T C França, B B Benatti, J Cunha-Cruz, C C C Ribeiro
Chronic oral diseases are rarely studied together, especially with an emphasis on their common risk factors. This study examined the association of added sugar consumption on "chronic oral disease burden" among adolescents, with consideration of obesity and systemic inflammation pathways through structural equation modeling. A cross-sectional study was conducted of a complex random sample of adolescent students enrolled at public schools in São Luís, Brazil ( n = 405). The outcome was chronic oral disease burden, a latent variable based on the presence of probing depth ≥4 mm, bleeding on probing, caries, and clinical consequences of untreated caries...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341890/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d
#8
REVIEW
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Peace Uwambaye, Moses Isyagi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Alice Hudder, Afrozul Haq, Kamrun Nessa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Studies have shown a relationship between maternal periodontal diseases (PDs) and premature delivery. PDs are commonly encountered oral diseases which cause progressive damage to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bones, leading to loss of teeth and oral disabilities. PDs also adversely affect general health by worsening cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Moreover, maternal PDs are thought to be related to increasing the frequency of preterm-birth with low birth weight (PBLBW) new-borns. Prematurity and immaturity are the leading causes of prenatal and infant mortality and is a major public health problem around the world...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340331/location-specific-oral-microbiome-possesses-features-associated-with-ckd
#9
Jianzhong Hu, Srinivas Iragavarapu, Girish N Nadkarni, Ruiqi Huang, Monica Erazo, Xiuliang Bao, Divya Verghese, Steven Coca, Mairaj K Ahmed, Inga Peter
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a progressive loss of renal function, can lead to serious complications if underdiagnosed. Many studies suggest that the oral microbiota plays important role in the health of the host; however, little is known about the association between the oral microbiota and CKD pathogenesis. Methods: In this study, we surveyed the oral microbiota in saliva, the left and right molars, and the anterior mandibular lingual area from 77 participants (18 with and 59 without CKD), and tested their association with CKD to identify microbial features that may be predictive of CKD status...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336516/neglect-of-attention-to-reproductive-health-in-women-with-hiv-infection-contraceptive-use-and-unintended-pregnancies-in-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#10
K Aebi-Popp, V Mercanti, C Voide, J Nemeth, A Cusini, B Jakopp, D Nicca, M Rasi, A Bruno, A Calmy, B Martinez de Tejada
OBJECTIVES: Women with HIV infection are mainly of reproductive age and need safe, effective and affordable contraception to avoid unintended pregnancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate contraceptive use and unintended pregnancies in this population in Switzerland. METHODS: A self-report anonymous questionnaire on contraceptive methods, adherence to them, and unintended pregnancies was completed by women included in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) between November 2013 and June 2014...
January 16, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335684/association-between-self-perceived-oral-health-and-clinical-indicators
#11
Janet-Ofelia Guevara-Canales, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Sonia-Julia Sacsaquispe-Contreras, Dora-Erika Alberca-Ramos, Hans Morgenstern-Orezzoli, Carlos-Enrique Cava-Vergiú
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-perceived oral health impact and satisfaction measure oral health in the same way as do clinical indicators in adults and older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population consisted of adult patients aged 20 to 59 years receiving care at "Juan Pablo II" Health Care Centre and older adult patients aged 60 or more years from the home for the elderly "Virgen del Amor Hermoso", Lima, Peru. The indices Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and Oral Satisfaction Scale of 0-10 (OSS 0-10) were used to evaluate perceived impact of and satisfaction with oral health...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335048/antiplaque-antifungal-effectiveness-of-aloevera-among-intellectually-disabled-adolescents-pilot-study
#12
Sachin G Khatri, Srinivasan Raj Samuel, Shashidhar Acharya, Snehal T Patil
PURPOSE: Various candida species have been associated with poor oral hygiene and active carious lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of aloe vera compared to triclosan toothpaste against total candida, C. albicans, C. tropicalis, Candida krusei, and plaque/gingivitis among intellectually disabled adolescents over 30 days. METHODS: A double-blind prospective randomized trial was conducted among 40 intellectually disabled adolescents randomly allocated into aloe vera/triclosan groups...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334549/cost-effectiveness-of-alternative-strategies-for-provision-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-people-who-inject-drugs
#13
Rui Fu, Douglas K Owens, Margaret L Brandeau
BACKGROUND: Oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been recommended as a means of HIV prevention among people who inject drugs (PWID) but, at current prices, is unlikely to be cost-effective for all PWID. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of alternative strategies for enrolling PWID in PrEP. DESIGN: Dynamic network model that captures HIV transmission and progression among PWID in a representative US urban center. OUTCOME MEASURES: HIV infections averted, discounted costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs)...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331046/prevalence-severity-and-risk-factors-for-acute-exacerbations-of-nasal-and-sinus-symptoms-by-chronic-rhinosinusitis-status
#14
Jordan R Kuiper, Annemarie G Hirsch, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Agnes S Sundaresan, Bruce K Tan, Robert P Schleimer, Robert C Kern, Walter F Stewart, Brian S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Nasal and sinus symptoms (NSS) are common to many health conditions, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Few studies have investigated the occurrence and severity of, and risk factors for, acute exacerbations of NSS (AENSS) by CRS status (current, past, or never met European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis [EPOS] criteria for CRS). METHODS: Four seasonal questionnaires were mailed to a stratified random sample of Geisinger primary care patients...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#15
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326477/the-oral-health-status-of-older-patients-in-acute-care-on-admission-and-day-7-in-two-australian-hospitals
#16
(no author information available yet)
Good oral hygiene needed to prevent hospital acquired aspiration pneumonia in older patients.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326030/patient-reported-outcomes-following-abiraterone-acetate-plus-prednisone-added-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-metastatic-castration-naive-prostate-cancer-latitude-an-international-randomised-phase-3-trial
#17
Kim N Chi, Andrew Protheroe, Alfredo Rodríguez-Antolín, Gaetano Facchini, Henrik Suttman, Nobuaki Matsubara, Zhangqun Ye, Bhumsuk Keam, Ronaldo Damião, Tracy Li, Kelly McQuarrie, Bin Jia, Peter De Porre, Jason Martin, Mary B Todd, Karim Fizazi
BACKGROUND: In the LATITUDE trial, addition of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improved overall survival compared with placebos plus ADT in patients with newly diagnosed, high-risk, metastatic castration-naive prostate cancer. Understanding the effects of treatments on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is important for treatment decisions; therefore we aimed to analyse the effects of ADT plus abiraterone acetate and prednisone versus ADT plus placebos on PROs and HRQOL in patients in the LATITUDE study...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324218/hours-lost-to-planned-and-unplanned-dental-visits-among-us-adults
#18
Uma Kelekar, Shillpa Naavaal
INTRODUCTION: Poor oral health is associated with lost hours at work or school, which may affect a person's productivity. The objective of our study was to estimate work or school hours lost to dental visits among adults aged 18 and older by the types of visits (emergency or unplanned; routine, planned, or orthodontic; or cosmetic) and to determine the factors associated with hours lost. METHODS: We used the most recent Oral Health Supplement data, from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to estimate the total hours lost at work or school for dental visits among adults in the United States...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322513/periodontitis-and-cancer-mortality-register-based-cohort-study-of-68-273-adults-in-10-year-follow-up
#19
Pia Heikkilä, Anna But, Timo Sorsa, Jari Haukka
Periodontitis, a multifactorial infection-induced low-grade chronic inflammation, can influence the process of carcinogenesis. We studied with 10 years follow-up of 68 273 adults-based cohort the involvement of periodontitis as a risk factor for cancer mortality. Periodontal status was defined based on procedure codes of periodontal treatment. Rate ratios and absolute differences of overall and cancer mortality rates were assessed with respect to periodontal status using multiplicative and additive Poisson regression models, respectively...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321070/the-effect-of-methamphetamine-abuse-on-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-an-eastern-china-city
#20
Tao Ye, Dongliang Sun, Guangying Dong, Guangjie Xu, Ligang Wang, Jinjin Du, Pengcheng Ren, Shibin Yu
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male Zhoushan Compulsory Detoxification Center. A standardized questionnaire, which collected information about age, drug-use duration / pattern, oral hygiene habit and systemic diseases, was administered...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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