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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920969/-disease-burden-of-extreme-treatment-anxiety-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-and-without-extreme-dental-treatment-anxiety
#1
J H Vermaire, C M H H van Houtem, J N Ross, A A Schuller
In this study, a comparison was made between disease-specific (oral health-related) quality of life (OHQoL), measured with the OHIP-14 questionnaire, and generic (general health-related) quality of life (GHQoL), measured with the EQ5D-5L questionnaire, in patients with and without extreme dental treatment anxiety. A total of 76 patients who could not be treated due to extreme dental treatment anxiety were referred to a centre for special dentistry. These patients were matched, according to age, gender and socioeconomic status, with participants in an epidemiological study on oral health (n = 1125)...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919809/adequacy-of-cancer-related-pain-management-and-predictors-of-undertreatment-at-referral-to-a-pain-clinic
#2
Paulo Reis-Pina, Peter G Lawlor, António Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Several guidelines have advocated the need for adequate cancer-related pain (CRP) management. The pain management index (PMI) has been proposed as an auditable measure of the appropriateness for analgesic therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the adequacy of CRP management based on the PMI status and its patient-related predictors at the point of referral to a pain clinic (PC). METHODS: Consecutive patients referred to a PC had standardized initial assessments and status documentation on the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) ratings; pain mechanism, using a neuropathic pain diagnostic questionnaire (the Douleur Neuropathique 4 tool); episodic pain; oral morphine equivalent daily dose; the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and the Emotion Thermometer scores; and cancer diagnosis, metastases, treatment, and pain duration...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918642/effect-of-an-oral-healthcare-program-on-gingival-health-status-in-rural-areas-of-south-korea
#3
Min-Young Lee, Namhee Kim, Wongyun Chung, Eunmi Choi, Chunbae Kim, Seijin Chang
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of an oral health care program administered at rural public health subcenters on oral hygiene status and bleeding on probing (BOP) scores among Korean rural residents older than 40 years. METHODS: Residents older than 40 years living in two rural areas were allocated randomly by order of visit into an intervention group (<i>n=</i>23) and control group (<i>n=</i>23). Changes in plaque and BOP score were analyzed between the groups using repeated-measures ANOVA...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915823/patients-with-acute-poisoning-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania
#4
Ghaniya S Mbarouk, Hendry R Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, John Stein, Shankar Levin, Victor Mwafongo, Michael S Runyon, Teri A Reynolds, Kent R Olson
BACKGROUND: Poisoning is a major public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting patients of all age groups. Poisoned patients often present to the emergency department (ED) and prompt evaluation and appropriate management are imperative to ensure optimal outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about the specific presentations of poisoned patients in East Africa. We describe the clinical and epidemiological features of patients presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) ED with suspected toxicological syndromes...
September 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914249/visual-pedagogy-and-probiotics-for-hearing-impaired-children-a-pilot-study
#5
Amrita Sujlana, Ruchika Goyal, Parampreet Pannu, Shireen Opal, Palki Bansal
CONTEXT: Oral health care for children with special needs remains largely unmet. It is important that we should focus on preventive strategies for special children to help curtail and prevent oral diseases. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of visual pedagogy and probiotic mouth rinse on the periodontal health of hearing impaired children. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The study cohort consisted of twenty children with hearing impairment (HI) and 20 age-matched healthy children...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#6
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913876/an-assessment-of-participant-described-interprofessional-oral-health-referral-systems-across-rurality
#7
Sean G Boynes, Abigail Lauer, Mark Deutchman, Amy B Martin
PURPOSE: As a means to identify and quantify oral health interprofessional collaborative practice (IPP), we examined participant-described medical-to-dental (M2D) referral networks and how they function across rurality. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey on the appraisal of IPP referral systems in 2016. Secondarily, we examined if rural health clinics (RHCs) have different experiences with M2D referrals compared to other practice types. Independent variables included geographic and organizational indicators, referral system attributes, and respondent characteristics...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911982/upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer-and-oral-health-status-before-radiotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-154-patients
#8
A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9 years, were included...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911059/forcing-the-vicious-circle-sarcopenia-increases-toxicity-decreases-response-to-chemotherapy-and-worsens-with-chemotherapy
#9
F Bozzetti
Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition that, independently from malnutrition, may adversely affect the prognosis of cancer patients. Purpose of this narrative review is to define the prevalence of sarcopenia in different primaries, its role in leading to chemotherapy toxicity and decreased compliance with the oncological therapy and the effect of some drugs on the onset of sarcopenia. Finally, the review aims to describe the current approaches to restore the muscle mass through nutrition, exercise and anti-inflammatory agents or multimodal programmes with a special emphasis on the results of randomized controlled trials...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910380/validation-of-the-diabetes-screening-tools-proposed-by-the-american-diabetes-association-in-an-aging-chinese-population
#10
Yu Cho Woo, Chi Ho Lee, Carol H Y Fong, Annette W K Tso, Bernard M Y Cheung, Karen S L Lam
AIM: Diabetes is a serious global health problem. A simple and effective screening tool should have substantial public health benefit. We investigated the performance of the latest American Diabetes Association diabetes screening methods in our aging Chinese population. METHODS: Subjects without diabetes who returned for the 4th Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factors Prevalence Study in 2010-2012 were evaluated for the probability of having diabetes with reference to the age- and body mass index-based screening criteria (screening criteria) and the diabetes risk test (risk test), and the conclusion drawn was compared to their measured glycaemic status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910249/redirecting-public-oral-health-fluoride-varnish-intervention-to-low-socio-economic-status-children-in-alberta
#11
Cynthia Huber, Sylvia Baran, Cindi De Graaff, Marianne Howell, Steve Patterson, Rafael Figueiredo
SETTING: Dental decay is most prevalent among low socio-economic status (SES) groups where cost limits access to dental care. To address inequities in oral health outcomes, Alberta Health Services (AHS) Oral Health Action Plan encompasses a population health approach that redirects fluoride varnish (FV) applications to low SES children. Using low SES measures to establish the eligibility criteria is fundamental to the delivery of FV applications to the target population. INTERVENTION: A series of four FV applications over two years is directed to children age 12-35 months and two applications per year to children in Kindergarten and grades 1 and 2, using low SES measures for eligibility criteria...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910244/inequalities-in-oral-health-understanding-the-contributions-of-education-and-income
#12
Julie Farmer, Rebecca C Phillips, Sonica Singhal, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in oral health outcomes. METHODS: Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS 2003), binary logistic regression models were constructed to examine the relationship between income and education on self-reported oral health (SROH) and chewing difficulties (CD) while controlling for age, sex, ethnicity, employment status and dental insurance coverage. The relative index of inequality (RII) was utilized to quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in poor SROH and CD...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905468/preventive-dental-checkups-and-their-association-with-access-to-usual-source-of-care-among-rural-and-urban-adult-residents
#13
Aishah Khan, Janani R Thapa, Donglan Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between rural or urban residence and having a usual source of care (USC), and the utilization of preventive dental checkups among adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2012. We performed a logit regression on the relationship between rural and urban residence, having a USC, and having at least 1 dental checkup in the past year, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health status...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#14
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902294/oral-health-conditions-in-leprosy-cases-in-hyperendemic-area-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#15
Zilanda Martins de Almeida, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Marcos Túlio Raposo, Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Cidia Vasconcellos
Leprosy is a hyperendemic chronic condition in the Rondônia State . Despite the significant impact of oral health on the quality of life and clinical evolution of leprosy patients, systematic evaluation of oral health status has been neglected. To analyze the dental-clinical profile, self-perceived oral health and dental health service access of leprosy cases in the municipality of Cacoal in Rondônia State , North Brazil, from 2001 to 2012. A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was performed based on dental evaluation and standardized structured instruments...
August 24, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895463/impact-of-primary-language-and-insurance-on-pediatric-hearing-health-care-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#16
Brooke M Su, Jason S Park, Dylan K Chan
Objective This study aims to describe the effects of primary language and insurance status on care utilization among deaf or hard-of-hearing children under active otolaryngologic and audiologic care. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Multidisciplinary hearing loss clinic at a tertiary center. Subjects and Methods Demographics, hearing loss data, and validated survey responses were collected from 206 patients aged 0 to 19 years. Two-sided t tests and χ(2) tests were used to obtain descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894733/the-impact-of-maternal-self-efficacy-and-oral-health-beliefs-on-early-childhood-caries-in-latino-children
#17
Anne R Wilson, Matthew J Mulvahill, Tamanna Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: Latino children experience one of the highest rates of early childhood caries requiring interventions based on valid conceptual frameworks. The Health Belief Model has relevance as a predictor of compliance with health recommendations based on perceptions of a health condition and behaviors to avoid the condition. The model encompasses four perceptual constructs (susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers) and, for complex conditions, includes self-efficacy as an extended model...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894075/-the-effect-of-dongchimi-juice-containing-kimchi-lactobacillus-on-the-oral-health-of-patients-at-a-long-term-care-hospital-comparison-with-chlorhexidine-solution
#18
Seung Ah Lee, Dongsuk Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effect of Dongchimi juice containing kimchi Lactobacillus as an oral hygiene agent and to compare it with that of chlorhexidine solution (0.12% dilution). METHODS: This study employed a pretest-posttest experimental design in which a single group of patients was exposed to two different treatments over a period of time. The study included 32 patients hospitalized at a long-term care hospital in Korea. Data were collected between August 12, 2016 and September 28, 2016...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893041/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-among-5-15-year-old-school-children-in-shimoga-city-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Shivananda Gudal Soumya, Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa Shashibhushan, Muttugadur Chandrappa Pradeep, Prashant Babaji, Vundela Rajashekar Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Dental problems can be avoided if identified at an early stage. There is no data on oral health status of school going children in Karnataka state's Shimoga city. AIM: To evaluate oral health status of school going children among 5-15-year-old in Shimoga city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1458 government and private school children aged 5-6, 9-10 and 14-15 years...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891541/inequity-in-access-to-childhood-immunization-in-enugu-urban-southeast-nigeria
#20
B S Uzochukwu, C C Okeke, E Envuladu, C Mbachu, C Okwuosa, O E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian National Programme on Immunization aims at increasing the immunization coverage of children under 1 year of age. However, there is still a gap between the national immunization targets and the immunization coverage rates, and data are rarely disaggregated according to socioeconomic status. As a result, there is a dearth of information about the coverage of subgroups, especially at the local level. This study determined the socioeconomic differentials in immunization coverage for children under 5 years and under 1 year in Enugu urban, Southeast Nigeria...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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