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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527104/low-income-as-a-multiplicative-risk-factor-for-oral-pain-and-dental-problems-among-u-s-veteran-smokers
#1
Terrell A Hicks, Sarah M Wilson, Shaun P Thomas, Paul A Dennis, Julia M Neal, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U.S. veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans Health and Needs Study, a study of U...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526570/role-of-medicinal-plants-on-growth-performance-and-immune-status-in-fish
#2
REVIEW
Elham Awad, Amani Awaad
Disease outbreaks increase proportionally with increases in intensive aquaculture. Natural products including medicinal plants have been known from thousands of years for treating some human diseases. It is well known that many active compounds are responsible for potential bio-activities. For that reason, there has been considerable interest in the use of medicinal plants in aquaculture with a view to providing safe and eco-friendly compounds for replacing antibiotics and chemical compounds as well as to enhance immune status and control fish diseases...
May 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526331/prevalence-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-by-vaccination-status-among-young-adults-18-30years-old
#3
Jacqueline M Hirth, Mihyun Chang, Vicente A Resto
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may protect against oral HPV infection, no current research has demonstrated this in the general population. METHODS: We used repeated cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2009 and 2014. Participants 18-30years who indicated whether they had received the HPV vaccine and provided an adequate oral sample were included (N=3040)...
May 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#4
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#5
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#6
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521195/diabetes-and-impaired-glucose-metabolism-is-associated-with-more-cold-related-cardiorespiratory-symptoms
#7
Tiina Maria Ikäheimo, Jari Jokelainen, Juhani Hassi, Liisa Hiltunen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Tiina Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti, Markku Peltonen, Leena Moilanen, Juha Saltevo, Simo Näyhä
AIMS: Diabetes and impaired glucose metabolism cause metabolic, neural and circulatory disturbances that may predispose to adverse cooling and related symptoms during the cold season. This study assessed the prevalence of cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms in the general population according to glycaemic status. METHODS: The study population consisted of 2436 men and 2708 women aged 45-74years who participated in the National FINRISK cold sub-studies in 2002 and 2007...
May 4, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515921/association-between-periodontitis-and-prognosis-of-pancreatobiliary-tract-cancer-a-pilot-study
#8
Takayuki Maruyama, Takaaki Tomofuji, Tatsuya Machida, Hironari Kato, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Daisuke Uchida, Akinobu Takaki, Toshiki Yoneda, Hisataka Miyai, Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Hiroyuki Okada, Manabu Morita
Several studies have indicated that periodontitis is a risk factor for cancer. However, the association between periodontitis and the prognosis of pancreatobiliary tract cancer remains unclear. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the association between periodontitis and prognosis of pancreatobiliary tract cancer. A total of 22 patients diagnosed with pancreatobiliary tract cancer were analyzed. Oral health status, including severity of periodontitis, general health status and biochemical serum markers were evaluated...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513060/increased-oral-inflammation-leukocytes-and-leptin-and-lower-adiponectin-in-overweight-or-obesity
#9
S Thanakun, S Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Y Izumi
OBJECTIVES: The association between body mass index (BMI) and oral diseases was investigated, and levels of obesity-related inflammatory mediators were evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants (n = 160) were clinically and radiographically examined for oral diseases. Blood profiles were recorded. Levels of adiponectin, leptin, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. RESULTS: One hundred and thirteen (70.6%) participants had overweight or obese status (BMI ≥ 23...
May 17, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512552/ability-of-salivary-biomarkers-in-the-prognostic-of-systemic-and-buccal-inflammation
#10
REVIEW
Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Elena Campano-Cuevas, Gabriel Castillo-Dalí, Daniel Torres-Lagares, José-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Nowadays, there is a growing interest in using saliva as an alternative sample for the diagnosis, prediction and progression of several diseases. It has been established that some molecules found in saliva are related to oral inflammatory processes and systemic health status. Furthermore, it is known that saliva is crucial for the carrying out of different functions in the oral cavity and its role in the local modulation of inflammatory and immune response is being thoroughly studied by the health research community...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512538/oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-health-status-among-khat-chewers-a-case-control-study
#11
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Mohammed AlAkhali
BACKGROUND: Habitual khat chewing is a widespread male habit in Southern Arabia and East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Khat chewing on oral hygiene and periodontal health status among Yemeni male khat chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case- control study included 310 khat chewers, aged 20-65 years, and 72 age- and gender- matched non-chewers as controls. Periodontal examination included recording of dental plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and gingival recession (GR)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512275/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pregnant-women-regarding-oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-following-oral-health-education-in-pune-district-of-maharashtra-a-longitudinal-hospital-based-study
#12
Roshani M Chawla, Sahana H Shetiya, Deepti R Agarwal, Pranjan Mitra, Nikhil A Bomble, D Satya Narayana
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a natural process that may create some changes in different parts of the body including the oral cavity. These changes will lead to oral diseases if enough and timely care of oral cavity is not taken. Women may experience increased gingivitis or pregnancy gingivitis beginning in the second or third month of pregnancy that increases in severity throughout the duration of pregnancy. To motivate the patient toward oral health and implement the needed prophylactic measures, a longitudinal study was planned to observe the effect of oral health education during pregnancy on knowledge, attitude, practice, oral health status, and treatment needs (TNs) of pregnant women belonging to different socioeconomic groups...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511508/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-of-quercetin-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis
#13
Mohammad Mahdi Kooshyar, Pegah Mosannen Mozafari, Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Atessa Pakfetrat, Parisa Karoos, Mahdokht Rashed Mohasel, Hosein Orafai, Amir Abbas Azarian
INTRODUCTION: Oral Mucositis (OM) is a serious complication of chemotherapy that results in painful debilitating inflammation that sometimes ends in interruption of treatment. AIM: The study evaluated the effect of quercetin (a natural flavonoid) on preventing and treating chemotherapy induced OM in patients with blood malignancies. Materials and Methods: This double-blind, placebo controlled randomized trial was carried out on 20 adult patients who underwent high dose chemotherapy for blood malignancies...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511500/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-probiotic-herbal-and-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-on-gingival-health-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Manjiri Abhay Deshmukh, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gundabaktha Karibasappa, Mahesh Ravindra Khairnar, Rahul Gaybarao Naik, Harish Chaitram Jadhav
INTRODUCTION: Due to inherent limitations of Chlorhexidine (CHX), search for an effective and potentially safe anti-plaque agent has led to emergence of alternative products. AIM: The present study evaluated the comparative efficacy of probiotic, herbal and CHX mouthwashes on gingival health of healthy individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was randomized parallel group controlled trial. A group of 45 healthy subjects in the age group of 18-21 years received complete supragingival scaling at baseline and study variables viz...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511368/evaluation-of-cyp1b1-expression-oxidative-stress-and-phase-2-detoxification-enzyme-status-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#15
Shailza Verma, Rahul Saxena, Merajul Haque Siddiqui, Karunathy Santha, Subramaniam Sethupathy
INTRODUCTION: Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) affects global health with increasing incidence and mortality rate. It may involve exposure to carcinogens from tobacco smoking or chewing. Alteration in expression of gene encoding the enzymes concerned with carcinogen biotransformation along with oxidative stress may increase or decrease the risk of cancer. AIM: To evaluate the expression of CYP1B1 gene in OSCC patients along with its relation with oxidative stress and phase 2 detoxification enzyme status...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510680/effect-of-oral-iron-repletion-on-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-and-iron-deficiency-the-ironout-hf-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Gregory D Lewis, Rajeev Malhotra, Adrian F Hernandez, Steven E McNulty, Andrew Smith, G Michael Felker, W H Wilson Tang, Shane J LaRue, Margaret M Redfield, Marc J Semigran, Michael M Givertz, Peter Van Buren, David Whellan, Kevin J Anstrom, Monica R Shah, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Javed Butler, Eugene Braunwald
Importance: Iron deficiency is present in approximately 50% of patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) and is an independent predictor of reduced functional capacity and mortality. However, the efficacy of inexpensive readily available oral iron supplementation in heart failure is unknown. Objective: To test whether therapy with oral iron improves peak exercise capacity in patients with HFrEF and iron deficiency. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of patients with HFrEF (<40%) and iron deficiency, defined as a serum ferritin level of 15 to 100 ng/mL or a serum ferritin level of 101 to 299 ng/mL with transferrin saturation of less than 20%...
May 16, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509520/dental-pain-and-its-determinants-in-an-adult-population-in-tehran-iran-urban-heart-2
#17
Z Momeni, A Pakdaman, M Asadi-Lari, M R Vaez-Mahdavi, A R Shamshiri, H Hessari
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of dental pain in the past year among adults in Tehran-Iran, and its determinants. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional population study. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 20,322 adults (18-64 years old). METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted across the 22 districts using the multi-stage random sampling method. Data were analysed applying the complex samples method. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to adjust the effects of other variables on the outcome variable as dental pain in the past year...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508609/oral-health-in-children-with-obesity-or-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Fima Lifshitz, Patricia Lucia Casavalle, Noemí Bordoni, Patricia Noemi Rodriguez, Silvia Maria Friedman
Oral health status must be considered in the care of children with obesity (OB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The health of these patients' mouths may have significant effects on their overall health and evolution of their disease. Here we address periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries (DC), since these are two of the most common chronic diseases affecting OB and DM patients. OB plays a plausible role in the development of PD. Both overall OB and central adiposity are associated with increased hazards of gingivitis and its progression to PD...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501417/prevalence-of-frailty-assessed-by-fried-and-kihon-checklist-indexes-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-design-and-demographics-of-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study
#19
Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Nakaya, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011-2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500911/do-welfare-regimes-matter-for-oral-health-a-multilevel-analysis-of-european-countries
#20
Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G Watt, Mai Stafford, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos
While the role of political factors on population health has recently received increasing attention, relatively little is known in that respect for oral health. We aimed to assess the influence of welfare state regimes on the variation in adult oral health between European countries, building on the existing literature by using a multilevel approach. Our analysis also explored how the oral health of people with different socioeconomic position was influenced by living in five different welfare state regimes...
May 10, 2017: Health & Place
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