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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988036/drought-tolerance-of-selected-bottle-gourd-lagenaria-siceraria-molina-standl-landraces-assessed-by-leaf-gas-exchange-and-photosynthetic-efficiency
#1
Jacob Mashilo, Alfred O Odindo, Hussein A Shimelis, Pearl Musenge, Samson Z Tesfay, Lembe S Magwaza
Successful cultivation of bottle gourd in arid and semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa and globally requires the identification of drought tolerant parents for developing superior genotypes with increased drought resistance. The objective of this study was to determine the level of drought tolerance among genetically diverse South African bottle gourd landraces based on leaf gas exchange and photosynthetic efficiency and identify promising genotypes for breeding. The responses of 12 bottle gourd landraces grown in glasshouse under non-stressed (NS) and drought-stressed (DS) conditions were studied...
September 28, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941990/molecular-characterization-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-in-farmers-and-their-ruminant-livestock-from-the-coastal-savannah-zone-of-ghana
#2
Sylvia Afriyie Squire, Rongchang Yang, Ian Robertson, Irene Ayi, Una Ryan
Cryptosporidium and Giardia are major causes of diarrhoea in developing countries including Ghana, however, nothing is known about the species and subtypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in farmers and their ruminant livestock in this country. A total of 925 faecal samples from humans (n=95), cattle (n=328), sheep (n=217) and goats (n=285), were screened for Cryptosporidium and Giardia by quantitative PCR (qPCR) at the 18S rRNA and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) loci respectively. Cryptosporidium positives were typed by sequence analysis of 18S and 60kDa glycoprotein (gp60) loci amplicons...
September 21, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920534/analgesic-effects-of-gabapentin-and-buprenorphine-in-cats-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy-using-two-pain-scoring-systems-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Paulo V Steagall, Javier Benito, Beatriz P Monteiro, Graeme M Doodnaught, Guy Beauchamp, Marina C Evangelista
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of gabapentin-buprenorphine in comparison with meloxicam-buprenorphine or buprenorphine alone, and the correlation between two pain-scoring systems in cats. Methods Fifty-two adult cats were included in a randomized, controlled, blinded study. Anesthetic protocol included acepromazine-buprenorphine-propofol-isoflurane. The gabapentin-buprenorphine group (GBG, n = 19) received gabapentin capsules (50 mg PO) and buprenorphine (0.02 mg/kg IM)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902637/development-of-fish-collagen-bioactive-glass-chitosan-composite-nanofibers-as-a-gtr-gbr-membrane-for-inducing-periodontal-tissue-regeneration
#4
Tian Zhou, Xin Liu, Baiyan Sui, Chao Liu, Xiumei Mo, Jiao Sun
The development of a guided tissue or bone regeneration (GTR/GBR) membrane with excellent performance has been a major challenge in the biomedical field. The present study was designed to prepare a biomimetic electrospun fish collagen/bioactive glass/chitosan (Col/BG/CS) composite nanofiber membrane and determine its structure, mechanical property, antibacterial activity, and biological effects on human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs). The effects of this composite membrane on inducing periodontal tissue regeneration were evaluated using a dog class II furcation defect model...
September 13, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895864/immunomodulatory-potential-of-%C3%AE-glucan-as-supportive-treatment-in-porcine-rotavirus-enteritis
#5
Gollahalli Eregowda Chethan, Jugal Garkhal, Shubhankar Sircar, Yash Pal Singh Malik, Reena Mukherjee, Nihar Ranjan Sahoo, Rajesh Kumar Agarwal, Ujjwal Kumar De
A non-blinded randomized clinical trial was conducted to assess the immunomodulatory potential of β-glucan (BG) in piglet diarrhoea associated with type A rotavirus infection. A total of 12 rotavirus-infected diarrheic piglets were randomly divided into two groups: wherein six rotavirus-infected piglets were treated with supportive treatment (ST) and other six rotavirus-infected piglets were treated with BG along with ST (ST-BG). Simultaneously, six healthy piglets were also included in the study which served as control...
September 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836546/comparison-of-space-glucose-control-and-routine-glucose-management-protocol-for-glycemic-control-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#6
Biao Xu, Wei Jiang, Chun-Yao Wang, Li Weng, Xiao-Yun Hu, Jin-Min Peng, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: The Space Glucose Control (SGC) system is a computer-assisted device combining infusion pumps with the enhanced Model Predictive Control algorithm to achieve the target blood glucose (BG) level safely. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of glycemic control by SGC with customized BG target range of 5.8-8.9 mmol/L in the critically ill patients. METHODS: It is a randomized controlled trial of seventy critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation and hyperglycemia (BG ≥ 9...
September 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792428/influences-of-macrohemodynamic-conditions-on-systemic-microhemodynamic-changes-in-burns
#7
Jochen-Frederick Hernekamp, Florian Neubrech, Tomke Cordts, Volker J Schmidt, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
PURPOSE: The clinical course after major burns is characterized by microcirculatory changes and consecutive capillary leakage. However, current clinical monitoring does not properly assess microcirculation, whereas macrohemodynamic changes are continuously evaluated. Here, we assess if macrohemodynamic and microhemodynamic parameters after burn trauma are correlated in a rat model. METHODS: Burn plasma harvested from donor rats 4 hours after thermal injury (30% total body surface area, 100 °C water, 12 seconds) was administered intravenously to healthy animals during 2 hours of intravital microscopy (burn group [BG])...
November 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790019/neuronal-firing-activity-in-the-basal-ganglia-after-striatal-transplantation-of-dopamine-neurons-in-hemiparkinsonian-rats
#8
Regina Rumpel, Mesbah Alam, Lisa M Schwarz, Andreas Ratzka, Xingxing Jin, Joachim K Krauss, Claudia Grothe, Kerstin Schwabe
The loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons and the resulting dopamine (DA) depletion in the striatum (STR) lead to altered neuronal activity and enhanced beta activity in various regions of the basal ganglia (BG) motor loop in patients with Parkinson's disease and in rodents in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model. Intrastriatal DA graft implantation has been shown to re-innervate the host brain and restore DA input. Here, DA cell grafts were implanted into the STR of 6-OHDA-lesioned rats and the effect on neuronal activity under urethane anesthesia (1...
September 30, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748776/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-members-of-households-actively-monitored-or-quarantined-to-prevent-transmission-of-ebola-virus-disease-margibi-county-liberia-february-march-2015
#9
Jason A Wilken, Paran Pordell, Brant Goode, Rachel Jarteh, Zayzay Miller, Benjamin G Saygar, Leroy Maximore, Watta M Borbor, Moses Carmue, Gregory W Walker, Adolphus Yeiah
BACKGROUND: In early 2015, a patient from a cluster of cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Monrovia, Liberia traveled to a rural village in Margibi County, potentially exposing numerous persons. The patient died in the village and post-mortem testing confirmed Ebola Virus infection. Problem The Margibi County Health Team (CHT; Kakata, Margibi, Liberia) needed to prevent further transmission of EVD within and outside of the affected villages, and they needed to better understand the factors that support or impede compliance with measures to stop the spread of EVD...
July 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727120/economic-selection-indexes-for-hereford-and-braford-cattle-raised-in-southern-brazil
#10
R F Costa, B B M Teixeira, M J Yokoo, F F Cardoso
Economic selection indexes (EI) are considered the best way to select the most profitable animals for specific production systems. Nevertheless, in Brazil, few genetic evaluation programs deliver such indexes to their breeders. The aims of this study were to determine the breeding goals (BG) and economic values (EV, in US$) for typical beef cattle production systems in southern Brazil, to propose EI aimed to maximize profitability, and to compare the proposed EI with the currently used empirical index. Bioeconomic models were developed to characterize 3 typical production systems, identifying traits of economic impact and their respective EV...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698167/use-of-a-connected-glucose-meter-and-certified-diabetes-educator-coaching-to-decrease-the-likelihood-of-abnormal-blood-glucose-excursions-the-livongo-for-diabetes-program
#11
Janelle Downing, Jenna Bollyky, Jennifer Schneider
BACKGROUND: The Livongo for Diabetes Program offers members (1) a cellular technology-enabled, two-way messaging device that measures blood glucose (BG), centrally stores the glucose data, and delivers messages back to the individual in real time; (2) unlimited BG test strips; and (3) access to a diabetes coaching team for questions, goal setting, and automated support for abnormal glucose excursions. The program is sponsored by at-risk self-insured employers, health plans and provider organizations where it is free to members with diabetes or it is available directly to the person with diabetes where they cover the cost...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651252/combined-diffusion-tensor-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-imaging-methodology-for-automated-regional-brain-analysis-application-in-a-normal-pediatric-population
#12
Nirmalya Ghosh, Barbara Holshouser, Udo Oyoyo, Stanley Barnes, Karen Tong, Stephen Ashwal
During human brain development, anatomic regions mature at different rates. Quantitative anatomy-specific analysis of longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) data may improve our ability to quantify and categorize these maturational changes. Computational tools designed to quickly fuse and analyze imaging information from multiple, technically different datasets would facilitate research on changes during normal brain maturation and for comparison to disease states...
2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645517/glucose-control-diabetes-status-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-the-continuum-from-intensive-care-unit-admission-to-hospital-discharge
#13
James S Krinsley, Paula Maurer, Sharon Holewinski, Roy Hayes, Douglas McComsey, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Stanley A Nasraway
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships among glycemic control, diabetes mellitus (DM) status, and mortality in critically ill patients from intensive care unit (ICU) admission to hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective investigation of 6387 ICU patients with 5 or more blood glucose (BG) tests and 4462 ICU survivors admitted to 2 academic medical centers from July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014. We studied the relationships among mean BG level, hypoglycemia (BG level <70 mg/dL [to convert to mmol/L, multiply by 0...
July 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627305/variability-of-diabetes-alert-dog-accuracy-in-a-real-world-setting
#14
Linda A Gonder-Frederick, Jesse H Grabman, Jaclyn A Shepard, Anand V Tripathi, Dallas M Ducar, Zachary R McElgunn
BACKGROUND: Diabetes alert dogs (DADs) are growing in popularity as an alternative method of glucose monitoring for individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Only a few empirical studies have assessed DAD accuracy, with inconsistent results. The present study examined DAD accuracy and variability in performance in real-world conditions using a convenience sample of owner-report diaries. METHOD: Eighteen DAD owners (44.4% female; 77.8% youth) with T1D completed diaries of DAD alerts during the first year after placement...
July 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624656/strontium-and-cobalt-substituted-bioactive-glasses-seeded-with-human-umbilical-cord-perivascular-cells-to-promote-bone-regeneration-via-enhanced-osteogenic-and-angiogenic-activities
#15
Saeid Kargozar, Nasrin Lotfibakhshaiesh, Jafar Ai, Masoud Mozafari, Peiman Brouki Milan, Sepideh Hamzehlou, Mahmood Barati, Francesco Baino, Robert G Hill, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei
Designing and developing new biomaterials to accelerate bone healing are currently under progress. In this study, we attempted to promote osteogenesis using strontium- and cobalt-substituted bioactive glasses (BGs) seeded with human umbilical cord perivascular cells (HUCPVCs) in a critical size defect in the distal femur of rabbit animal model. The BG particles were successfully synthesized in the form of granules using the melt-derived route. After being isolated, HUCPVCs were expanded and then characterized to use during in vitro and in vivo procedures...
June 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621280/utility-of-dermatoglyphic-pattern-in-prediction-of-caries-in-children-of-telangana-region-india
#16
Shaik M Asif, Dara Bg Babu, Shaik Naheeda
INTRODUCTION: Dermatoglyphics is an extremely useful tool as a preliminary investigation method for diagnosing suspected genetic disorders. Caries being a multifactorial disease with the influence of genetic pattern, early identification of caries risk children with dermatoglyphics can help in using effective and efficient caries preventive measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was undertaken to record and know the frequency of occurrence of fingerprint patterns among children with caries and in children without caries...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610485/effects-of-the-bilayer-nano-hydroxyapatite-mineralized-collagen-guided-bone-regeneration-membrane-on-site-preservation-in-dogs
#17
Yi Sun, Chengyue Wang, Qixin Chen, Hai Liu, Chao Deng, Peixue Ling, Fu-Zhai Cui
This study was aimed at assessing the effects of the porous mineralized collagen plug with or without the bilayer mineralized collagen-guided bone regeneration membrane on alveolar ridge preservation in dogs. The third premolars in the bilateral maxilla of mongrel dogs ( N = 12) were extracted. Twenty-four alveolar sockets were thus randomly divided into three groups: membrane + collagen plug (MP, n = 8), nonmembrane + collagen plug (NP, n = 8) and blank group without any implantation (BG, n = 8)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603705/comparing-the-efficacy-of-three-different-nano-scale-bone-substitutes-in-vivo-study
#18
Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Mansour Rismanchian, Nasim Jafari-Pozve, Saied Nosouhian
BACKGROUND: Synthetic biocompatible bone substitutions have been used widely for bone tissue regeneration as they are safe and effective. The aim of this animal study is to compare the effectiveness of three different biocompatible bone substitutes, including nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) nano-bioglass (nano-BG) and forstrite scaffolds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional and experimental study, four healthy dogs were anesthetized, and the first to fourth premolars were extracted in each quadrant...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586703/exploring-the-potential-of-boron-doped-nanographene-as-efficient-charge-transport-and-nonlinear-optical-material-a-first-principles-study
#19
Ahmad Irfan, Aijaz Rasool Chaudhry, Shabbir Muhammad, Abdullah G Al-Sehemi
Owing to their excellent electrochemical properties, graphenes found applications in several fields ranging from semiconductors, solar cells, field effect transistors, and nanoscale electronic devices as well as in nonlinear optical (NLO) applications. The structural features, electro-optical, charge transport and nonlinear optical properties of the boron-doped graphene (BG) compound 1 were studied using density functional theory methods The BG compound comprises a central electron deficient site of boron atoms, which can serve as electron acceptor while terminal alkoxy groups as donors leading to powerful donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A) configuration...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552012/cadmium-removal-by-bioclastic-granules-lithothamnium-calcareum-batch-and-fixed-bed-column-systems-sorption-studies
#20
Diego Macedo Veneu, Claudio Luiz Schneider, Marisa Bezerra de Mello Monte, Osvaldo Galvão Caldas Cunha, Lídia Yokoyama
The potential of Bioclastic Granules - BG (calcium-carbonate-based material) using the algae Lithothamnium calcareum as sorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by sorption was evaluated through batch and continuous systems tests using a fixed-bed column. Sorption process variables, in particular pH (2-7), particle size (<38-300 μm), initial BG concentration (0.1-1.0 g L(-1)), initial Cd(II) concentrations (5-400 mg L(-1)) and contact time (5-240 min), were evaluated. Adsorption isotherm profiles of Cd(II) per BG were similar to an L-type, or Langmuir type, with the adsorption forming a monolayer of approximately 0...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Technology
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