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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912930/occurrence-and-genetic-characterization-of-giardia-duodenalis-and-cryptosporidium-spp-from-adult-goats-in-sichuan-province-china
#1
Zhijun Zhong, Rui Tu, Hongping Ou, Guangwen Yan, Jiaming Dan, Qicheng Xiao, Ya Wang, Suizhong Cao, Liuhong Shen, Junliang Deng, Zhicai Zuo, Xiaoping Ma, Ziyao Zhou, Haifeng Liu, Shumin Yu, Zhihua Ren, Yanchun Hu, Guangneng Peng
Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. are common gastrointestinal protozoa in mammals. Many studies have been conducted on the distribution of G. duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. genotypes in sheep and cattle. However, in China, information about molecular characterization and genetic analysis of G. duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in goats is limited. In this study, 342 fecal samples from adult goats were collected from 12 farms in Sichuan Province, China. The occurrence of G. duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888288/remote-lifestyle-coaching-plus-a-connected-glucose-meter-with-certified-diabetes-educator-support-improves-glucose-and-weight-loss-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Jennifer B Bollyky, Dena Bravata, Jason Yang, Mark Williamson, Jennifer Schneider
Background: Connected health devices with lifestyle coaching can provide real-time support for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the intensity of lifestyle coaching needed to achieve outcomes is unknown. Methods: Livongo provides connected, two-way messaging glucose meters, unlimited blood glucose (BG) test strips, and access to certified diabetes educators. We evaluated the incremental effects of adding lifestyle coaching on BG, estimated HbA1c, and weight...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887480/a-wearable-remote-monitoring-system-for-the-identification-of-subjects-with-a-prolonged-qt-interval-or-at-risk-for-drug-induced-long-qt-syndrome
#3
Silvia Castelletti, Federica Dagradi, Karine Goulene, Aurora I Danza, Enrico Baldi, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Peter J Schwartz
BACKGROUND: A correct measurement of the QT interval in the out-of-hospital setting is important whenever the long QT syndrome (LQTS) is suspected or a therapy might lead to drug-induced LQTS (diLQTS) because QT interval monitoring in the initial days of therapy could alert to dangerous QT prolongation. We explored whether automated QTc measurements (BGM) by BodyGuardian™ (BG), a wearable remote monitoring system, are sufficiently reliable compared to our own manual measurements (MM) performed on the same beats during 12‑lead Holter recordings in LQTS patients (pts) and in healthy controls...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808837/effects-of-dietary-%C3%AE-glucan-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-immunological-and-metabolic-parameters-of-weaned-pigs-administered-with-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide
#4
Cheng Wu, Qin Xu, Ru Wang, Linlin Qin, Xie Peng, Liang Hu, Yan Liu, Zhengfeng Fang, Yan Lin, Shengyu Xu, Bin Feng, Jian Li, De Wu, Lianqiang Che
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of dietary β-glucan (BG) on growth performance and blood parameters in weaned pigs administered with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Twenty four pigs [24 ± 2 days old; 6.60 ± 0.04 kg body weight (BW)] were randomly allocated into two groups (12 pigs per group) with diets supplemented with 0 or BG at 200 mg kg-1 diet (CON vs. BG). These pigs were fed for a 35-day trial. On day 36, six pigs each from CON and BG were intramuscularly administered LPS (50 μg kg-1), while another 6 pigs from CON were intramuscularly administered an equivalent amount of sterile saline...
May 29, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760944/characteristics-of-insulin-na%C3%A3-ve-people-with-type-2-diabetes-who-successfully-respond-to-insulin-glargine-u100-after-24-weeks-of-treatment-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-3-randomized-clinical-trials
#5
M H Cummings, D Cao, I Hadjiyianni, L L Ilag, M H Tan
Background: To identify baseline/clinical characteristics associated with clinically meaningful responses to insulin glargine 100 U/mL (IGlar) in insulin-naive people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Individual participant data were pooled from 3 randomized trials to compare baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes associated with 24-week response to IGlar in combination with non-insulin antihyperglycemic agents in participants with T2DM. Responders were defined as achieving endpoint HbA1c target < 53 mmol/mol (< 7%) and/or ≥ 11 mmol/mol (≥ 1%) HbA1c reduction from baseline...
2018: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744726/effect-of-lactating-sows-diet-supplemented-with-cactus-opuntia-ficus-indica-on-feed-intake-and-reproductive-and-productive-post-weaning-performances
#6
Gerardo Ordaz-Ochoa, Aureliano Juarez-Caratachea, Rosa Elena Pérez-Sánchez, Héctor Eduardo Martínez-Flores, Juvenal Esquivel-Cordova, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez
The effect of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) added to the diet of lactating (21 days of lactation) sows on voluntary feed intake, and its impact on the productive and reproductive post-weaning performance was evaluated. Data collected of 72 farrowings from 37 hybrid sows were analyzed during 12-month period. The sows were divided into two groups: (i) control group (CG; n = 18 sows), sows fed only with commercial feed, and (ii) experimental group (EG; n = 19 sows), sows fed with commercial feed plus cactus supplement...
May 9, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725268/mesoporous-bioactive-glass-coated-3d-printed-borosilicate-bioactive-glass-scaffolds-for-improving-repair-of-bone-defects
#7
Xin Qi, Hui Wang, Yadong Zhang, Libin Pang, Wei Xiao, Weitao Jia, Shichang Zhao, Deping Wang, Wenhai Huang, Qiugen Wang
Background: In the field of tissue engineering, there is currently increasing interest in new biomedical materials with high osteogenic ability and comparable mechanical function to repair bone defects. Three-dimensional (3-D) bioactive borosilicate glass (BG) scaffolds exhibit uniform interconnected macro-pores, high porosity and high compressive strength. In this study, we fabricated 3-D BG scaffolds by the 3D printing technique, then coated the surface of the 3-D BG scaffolds with mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) (BG-MBG scaffold)...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717356/mesenchymal-stem-cells-seeded-onto-tissue-engineered-osteoinductive-scaffolds-enhance-the-healing-process-of-critical-sized-radial-bone-defects-in-rat
#8
Ahmad Oryan, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Amir Kamali, Samaneh Hosseini, Ali Moshiri, Hossein Baharvand
Long bone defects comprise one of the most prevalent clinical problems worldwide and the current bone grafting materials have major limitations to repair them. Although tremendous efforts have been made to repair critical-sized long bone defects in animal models, designing an optimal bone tissue-engineered substitute remains one of the main challenges. Hence, this study aims to closely mimic a natural bone healing process by a tissue-engineered construct including osteoinductive materials pre-seeded with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)...
May 1, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698465/barley-%C3%AE-glucan-improves-metabolic-condition-via-short-chain-fatty-acids-produced-by-gut-microbial-fermentation-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#9
Junki Miyamoto, Keita Watanabe, Satsuki Taira, Mayu Kasubuchi, Xuan Li, Junichiro Irie, Hiroshi Itoh, Ikuo Kimura
Dietary intake of barley β-glucan (BG) is known to affect energy metabolism. However, its underlying mechanism remains poorly understood because studies have presented inconsistent results, with both positive and negative effects reported in terms of satiety, energy intake, weight loss, and glycemic control. The objective of this study was to clarify the physiological role underlying the metabolic benefits of barley BG using a mouse model of high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Male 4-wk-old C57BL/6J mice were fed an HFD with 20% barley flour containing either high BG (HBG; 2% BG) or low BG (LBG; 0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658662/-application-of-mechanically-reinforced-45s5-bioglass-sup-%C3%A2-sup-derived-bioactive-glass-ceramic-porous-scaffolds-for-bone-defect-repairing-in-rabbits
#10
Lifeng Chen, Xianyan Yang, Rui Ma, Linghua Zhu
<b>Objective:</b> To evaluate the application of mechanically reinforced 45S5 Bioglass<sup>®</sup>-derived glass ceramic porous scaffolds for repair of bone defect in rabbits. <b>Methods:</b> The BG-ZnB powders were added into the 45S5 Bioglass<sup>®</sup> powder/paraffin microsphere mixtures and were sintered at 900℃ to obtain porous scaffolds with highly bioactive BG-ZnB of 0%, 2% or 4% of mass fraction (denoted as 45S5/ZnB0, 45S5/ZnB2, 45S5/ZnB4). Phase composition, porosity and compression properties of three kinds of as-sintered scaffolds were characterized by X-ray analysis, mercury porosimetry, and mechanical test...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609565/the-clinical-relevance-of-the-presence-of-bridging-syndesmophytes-on-kyphosis-correction-and-maintenance-following-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-for-thoracolumbar-kyphotic-deformity-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-comparative-cohort-study
#11
Sai-Hu Mao, Zong-Xian Feng, Bang-Ping Qian, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: The presence of bridging syndesmophytes (BS) in spinal osteotomy region serves traditionally as one critical determinant for selection of osteotomy techniques. While nowadays the proportion of kyphotic ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients receiving pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) with yet mobile neighboring disc has seen a substantial increase. Literatures investigating the clinical relevance of the presence of BS on kyphosis correction and maintenance following PSO are scarce...
April 2, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590139/the-effects-of-unilateral-and-bilateral-eccentric-overload-training-on-hypertrophy-muscle-power-and-cod-performance-and-its-determinants-in-team-sport-players
#12
Francisco Javier Núñez, Alfredo Santalla, Irene Carrasquila, Jose Antonio Asian, Jose Ignacio Reina, Luis Jesús Suarez-Arrones
The study aimed to compare the chronic eccentric-overload training effects of unilateral (lateral lunge) vs bilateral (half-squat) using an inertial device, on hypertrophy and physical performance. Twenty-seven young team sports male players performed a 4 sets of 7 repetitions of inertial eccentric overload training, biweekly for 6 weeks, distributed in unilateral lunge group (UG: age: 22.8 ± 2.9 years; body mass: 75.3 ± 8.8 kg; height: 177.3 ± 3.7 cm) and bilateral squat group (BG: age: 22.6 ± 2.7 years; body mass: 79...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580897/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-giardia-duodenalis-in-domestic-rabbbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-in-jilin-and-liaoning-province-northeastern-china
#13
Jing Jiang, Jian-Gang Ma, Nian-Zhang Zhang, Peng Xu, Guangyu Hou, Quan Zhao, Xiao-Xuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Giardia duodenalis is one of the most important intestinal parasites that can infect virtually all animals, including rabbits and humans. However, there is little information regarding the prevalence and genotypes of G. duodenalis in domestic rabbits in China. METHODS: A total of 426 rabbit fecal samples (136 from Shenyang City, 174 from Changchun City, and 116 from Jilin City) were examined by Lugol's iodine staining with microscopy analysis, and the positive samples were genotyped at the triosephosphate isomerase (tpi) and the beta giardin (bg) gene loci using nested PCR...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574305/proliferative-and-apoptotic-changes-in-the-healthy-canine-endometrium-and-in-cystic-endometrial-hyperplasia
#14
N Reusche, A Beineke, C Urhausen, M Beyerbach, M Schmicke, S Kramer, A R Günzel-Apel
Proliferation and apoptosis play an important role in cyclic changes in the healthy canine endometrium. Proteins of the Bcl-2-family are known to be involved in the regulation of apoptosis. However, only few reports mention their expression patterns during cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH). In order to correlate proliferative and apoptotic processes, expression of the apoptosis-regulatory proteins Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic) and Bax (pro-apoptotic) in healthy and cystic hyperplastic endometrial tissue as well as in pyometra was investigated...
July 1, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566543/beetroot-based-gel-supplementation-improves-handgrip-strength-forearm-muscle-o2-saturation-but-not-exercise-tolerance-and-blood-volume-in-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#15
Gustavo Vieira de Oliveira, Luiz Nascimento, Mônica Volino-Souza, Jacilene Mesquita, Thiago Alvares
The ergogenic effect of beetroot on the exercise performance of trained cyclists, runners, kayakers, and swimmers has been demonstrated. However, whether or not beetroot supplementation presents a beneficial effect on the exercise performance of jiu-jitsu athletes (JJA) remains inconclusive. Therefore, present study assessed the effect of beetroot-based gel (BG) supplementation on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), exercise time until fatigue (ETF), muscle O2 saturation (SmO2), blood volume (tHb), and plasma nitrate and lactate in response to handgrip isotonic exercise (HIE) in JJA...
March 22, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504662/prospective-study-evaluating-the-use-of-nasal-glucagon-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-hypoglycaemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-in-a-real-world-setting
#16
Elizabeth R Seaquist, Hélène Dulude, Xiaotian M Zhang, Remi Rabasa-Lhoret, George M Tsoukas, James R Conway, Stanley J Weisnagel, Gregg Gerety, Vincent C Woo, Shuyu Zhang, Dolorès Carballo, Sheetal Pradhan, Claude A Piché, Cristina B Guzman
In the present multicentre, open-label, prospective, phase III study, we evaluated the real-world effectiveness and ease of use of nasal glucagon (NG) in the treatment of moderate/severe hypoglycaemic events (HEs) in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Patients and caregivers were taught how to use NG (3 mg) to treat moderate/severe HEs, record the time taken to awaken or return to normal status, and measure blood glucose (BG) levels over time. Questionnaires were used to collect information about adverse events and ease of use of NG...
May 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500302/oral-therapies-for-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Simon Faissner, Ralf Gold
Multiple sclerosis treatment faces tremendous changes owing to the approval of new medications, some of which are available as oral formulations. Until now, the four orally available medications, fingolimod, dimethylfumarate (BG-12), teriflunomide, and cladribine have received market authorization, whereas laquinimod is still under development. Fingolimod is a sphingosine-1-phosphate inhibitor, which is typically used as escalation therapy and leads to up to 60% reduction of the annualized relapse rate, but might also have neuroprotective properties...
March 2, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468802/synergistic-effect-of-strontium-bioactive-glass-and-nano-hydroxyapatite-promotes-bone-regeneration-of-critical-sized-radial-bone-defects
#18
Ahmad Oryan, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Amir Kamali, Samaneh Hosseini, Forough Azam Sayahpour, Hossein Baharvand
Critical-sized bone defects constitute a major health issue in orthopedics and usually cause mal-unions due to an inadequate number of migrated progenitor cells into the defect site or their incomplete differentiation into osteogenic precursor cells. The current study aimed to develop an optimized osteoinductive and angiogenic scaffold by incorporation of strontium (Sr) and bioglass (BG) into gelatin/nano-hydroxyapatite (G/nHAp) seeded with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells to enhance bone regeneration. The scaffolds were fabricated by a freeze-drying technique and characterized in terms of morphology, structure, porosity and degradation rate...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457246/randomized-controlled-prospective-clinical-trial-of-autologous-greater-omentum-free-graft-versus-autogenous-cancellous-bone-graft-in-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-in-miniature-breed-dogs
#19
Jennifer J Ree, Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Nemanic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of radiographic healing, complications, vascularization, and bone density after repair of radial and ulnar fractures in dogs <6 kg that were treated with an autogenous cancellous bone graft (BG) or free autologous omentum graft (OG). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial with owners/radiologists blinded to treatment. ANIMALS: 25 dogs with naturally occurring traumatic radial/ulnar fractures...
April 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#20
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
April 2018: Experimental Gerontology
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