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beta interferon

Ja-Young Kwon, Paulomi Aldo, Yuan You, Jiahui Ding, Karen Racicot, Xiaoyan Dong, John Murphy, Guy Glukshtad, Michelle Silasi, Jian Peng, Li Wen, Vikki M Abrahams, Roberto Romero, Gil Mor
Pregnancy is a unique immunologic and microbial condition that requires an adequate level of awareness to provide a fast and protective response against pathogens as well as to maintain a state of tolerance to paternal antigens. Dysregulation of inflammatory pathways in the placenta triggered by pathogens is one of the main factors responsible for pregnancy complications. Type I IFNs are key molecules modulating immune responses at the level of the placenta and are crucial for protection of the pregnancy via their antiviral and immune modulatory properties...
June 15, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Fumitaka Hirose, Junichi Kiryu, Yasuhiko Tabata, Hiroshi Tamura, Kunihiro Musashi, Noriaki Takase, Hideaki Usui, Soichiro Kuwayama, Aki Kato, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Yuichiro Ogura, Tsutomu Yasukawa
Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a challenging pathological condition, often causing failure of retinal detachment surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a delivery system of bioactive proteins using anionic and cationic gelatin microspheres and to establish a new PVR model in rabbits by intraocular sustained delivery of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and interferon-beta (IFNβ). Anionic and cationic gelatin microspheres were prepared and immersed in bFGF and IFNβ solution, respectively, to yield a polyion complex between gelatin matrix and a bioactive protein...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Phyllis A Rees, R Joel Lowy
Cell lines stably transfected with genes responding to Type I interferons (IFN) are potentially a useful alternative to enzyme linked immuo-assays (ELISAs) or assays based on resistance of a test cell line to virus infection using cell death or infection endpoints. Increasingly available are a variety of commercial cell lines developed for reporter gene assays (RGAs) which are responsive to IFN exposure. These cells produce a soluble gene product which can be readily quantified using multiwell plate spectrophotometers or luminometers...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Arezou Sayad, Tayyebali Salmani, Maryam Kazemzadeh Hemmesi, Maziar Ganji, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Mahsa Hatami, Mohammad Soudyab, Mohammad Taheri
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by recurrent episodes of demyelination and loss of oligodendrocytes. The demyelination process is caused by various subsets of CD4+ T cells with a Th1 and Th17 phenotype. The retinoid acid-related orphan receptor A (RORA) is expressed in Th17 cells and promote Th17 differentiation. In this study, we compared the expression level of RORA gene in the blood of 50 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients who were treated with IFN-β and 50 healthy controls by TaqMan Quantitative Real-Time PCR...
May 25, 2018: Human Antibodies
Bonaventura Casanova, Laura Lacruz, María Luisa Villar, José Andrés Domínguez, María Carcelén Gadea, Francisco Gascón, Javier Mallada, David Hervás, María Simó-Castelló, José Carlos Álvarez-Cermeño, Carmen Calles, Javier Olascoaga, Lluís Ramió-Torrentà, Carmen Alcalá, Angeles Cervelló, Isabel Boscá, Francisco Carlos Pérez-Mirallles, Francisco Coret
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of interferon beta (IFNβ) and glatiramer acetate (GA) related to the presence of oligoclonal M bands (OCMB) in the cerebrospinal fluid in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHOD: This is an observational, multicenter and retrospective study with prospectively collected data of patients that started treatment with IFNβ or GA. Treatment decision was made blinded to the OCMB status. Time to first attack after starting therapy was compared by using Kaplan-Meier curves, and adjustment by Cox regression analysis was performed...
June 7, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Gongchu Li, Jianhong Cheng, Shengsheng Mei, Tao Wu, Ting Ye
Lectins play diverse roles in physiological processes as biological recognition molecules. In this report, a gene encoding Tachypleus tridentatus Lectin (TTL) was inserted into an oncolytic vaccinia virus (oncoVV) vector to form oncoVV-TTL, which showed significant antitumor activity in a hepatocellular carcinoma mouse model. Furthermore, TTL enhanced oncoVV replication through suppressing antiviral factors expression such as interferon-inducible protein 16 (IFI16), mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) and interferon-beta (IFN-β)...
June 7, 2018: Marine Drugs
Kjetil Bjornevik, Kjell-Morten Myhr, Antonie Beiske, Kristian S Bjerve, Trygve Holmøy, Harald Hovdal, Rune Midgard, Trond Riise, Stig Wergeland, Øivind Torkildsen
BACKGROUND: The plant-based ω-3 fatty acid α-linolenic acid (ALA) has been associated with lower MS risk. It is currently unknown whether ALA affects disease activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between ALA levels and disease activity. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study including 87 multiple sclerosis (MS)-patients who originally participated in a randomized trial of ω-3 fatty acids (the OFAMS study). We measured serum levels of ALA during follow-up and used random intercept logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between ALA levels, new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) progression and new relapses adjusting for age at inclusion, sex, and use of interferon beta-1a...
May 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Michael H Lee, Marita Chakhtoura, Uma Sriram, Roberto Caricchio, Stefania Gallucci
Type I interferons (IFN) are pathogenic in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and were proposed to control the immunometabolism of dendritic cells (DCs). We previously reported that DCs from female lupus-prone mice constitutively overexpress IFN-responsive genes resembling the IFN signature found in SLE patients. As SLE has higher incidence in women than men, more so in women of reproductive age, estrogens are suggested to affect lupus pathogenesis. We investigated the effects of sex and estrogens on the IFN signature in conventional GM-CSF-bone marrow-derived DCs (cDCs), from male and female Triple Congenic B6...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Carrie D Fischer, Garrett L Wachoski-Dark, Danielle M Grant, Sarah A Bramer, Claudia Klein
Interferon epsilon (IFNE) is type I interferon which stands out through its unusual expression profile and differing regulation compared to classic type I interferons such as interferon alpha and interferon beta. Unlike other type I interferons, the expression of IFNE is not stimulated through exposure to viral agents. Expression of IFNE is most abundant in mouse and human endometrium where it is constitutively expressed in luminal and glandular epithelial cells and expression levels are up-regulated with estrogen exposure...
May 12, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Tengda Li, Mingli Gu, Peng Liu, Yun Liu, Jie Guo, Weiwei Zhang, Cheng Qian, Anmei Deng
In psoriasis, a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease, CD4+T cells and their related cytokines play an important role in its pathogenesis. The role of interleukin (IL)-35, an immunosuppressive cytokine involved in many autoimmune diseases, is unclear in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. This study evaluated IL-35 expression and clinical significance in psoriasis. Protein and mRNA levels of specified markers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), respectively...
May 26, 2018: Microbiology and Immunology
Natasa Giedraitiene, Gintaras Kaubrys, Rasa Kizlaitiene
There is some evidence that cognition may be impaired during multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse. The aims of this study were to assess the cognitive status with the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) in MS patients during relapse, in stable patients, and in healthy controls; to evaluate cognitive changes up to 3 months after relapse; and to estimate the impact of different factors on cognition after relapse. BICAMS was performed in 60 relapsing, 30 stable patients and 30 controls...
May 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Pattarawat Thantiworasit, Nithikan Suthumchai, Pawinee Rerknimitr, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Yuttana Srinoulprasert, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Kumutnart Chanprapaph, Wareeporn Disphanurat, Panlop Chakkavittumrong, Napatra Tovanabutra, Chutika Srisuttiyakorn
BACKGROUND: The prevention and confirmation of drug-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) are difficult. OBJECTIVE: To determine the benefit of HLA-B allele pre-screening and the measurement of drug-specific interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) releasing cells in the prevention and identification of the culprit drug in SCAR patients. METHODS: A total of 160 SCAR patients were recruited from six university hospitals in Thailand over a 3-year period...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Yitong Yuan, Shunqi Liu, Yue Zhao, Ling Lian, Zhengxing Lian
Background: Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is critical for innate and adaptive immunity against viral and bacterial infections. IFN-γ reportedly affects the phagocytic ability of monocytes and macrophages as well as regulates pituitary function in humans and mice. The present study analyzed the impact of IFN-γ on monocyte and macrophage phagocytosis, production performance, and pituitary function in vivo and in vitro (in dwarf chickens). IFN-γ was injected into dwarf chickens through a vein, and then, the laying rate, average egg weight, and levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and IFN-γ were measured in treatment and control groups...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
Valentina L Rybkina, Maria V Bannikova, Galina V Adamova, Harald Dörr, Harry Scherthan, Tamara V Azizova
This study aimed to identify immunological biomarkers for prolonged occupational radiation exposure and thus studied a random sample of the Mayak Production Association worker cohort (91 individuals). The control group included 43 local individuals never employed at the Mayak Production Association. To identify biomarkers, two groups of workers were formed: the first one included workers chronically exposed to external gamma rays at cumulative doses of 0.5-3.0 Gy (14 individuals); the second one included workers exposed to combined radiation-external gamma rays at doses ranging from 0...
July 2018: Health Physics
Nathalie Michels, Gerard Clarke, Loreto Olavarria-Ramirez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Livia A Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Tryptophan breakdown is an important mechanism in several diseases e.g. inflammation and stress-induced inflammation have been associated with the development of depression via enhanced tryptophan breakdown. Depression is a major public health problem which commonly starts during adolescence, thus identifying underlying mechanisms during early life is crucial in prevention. The aim of this work was to verify whether independent and interacting associations of psychosocial stress and inflammation on tryptophan breakdown already exist in children and adolescents as a vulnerable age group...
May 15, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
William T Olive, Brittney N Keel, Amanda K Lindholm-Perry, Justyna Horodyska, Andrew P Foote
Protein turnover is required for muscle growth and regeneration and several proteolytic enzymes, including the calpains, degrade myofibrillar proteins during this process. In a previous experiment, phenotypic differences were observed between μ-calpain knockout (KO) and wild type (WT) mice, including nutrient accretion and fiber type differences. These changes were particularly evident as the animals aged. Thus, we utilized 18 mice (9 KO and 9 WT) to compare transcript abundance to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at 52 wk of age...
May 15, 2018: Gene
Patricia Mulero, Luciana Midaglia, Xavier Montalban
B cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS): they are involved in the activation of pro-inflammatory T cells, secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and production of autoantibodies directed against myelin. Hence, the use of B cell-depleting monoclonal antibodies as therapy for autoimmune diseases, including MS, has increased in recent years. Previous results with rituximab, the first therapeutic B cell-depleting chimeric monoclonal antibody that showed efficacy in MS clinical trials, encouraged researchers to evaluate the efficacy of a humanized anti-CD20 antibody, ocrelizumab, in MS...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Shotaro Uchida, Ryo Horie, Hiroki Sato, Chieko Kai, Misako Yoneda
Nipah virus (NiV) is a highly pathogenic paramyxovirus that causes lethal encephalitis in humans. We previously reported that the V protein, one of the three accessory proteins encoded by the P gene, is one of the key determinants of the pathogenesis of NiV in a hamster infection model. Satterfield B.A. et al. have also revealed that V protein is required for the pathogenicity of henipavirus in a ferret infection model. However, the complete functions of NiV V have not been clarified. In this study, we identified UBX domain-containing protein 1 (UBXN1), a negative regulator of RIG-I-like receptor signaling, as a host protein that interacts with NiV V...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Adrienn Volak, Stanley G LeRoy, Jeya Shree Natasan, David J Park, Pike See Cheah, Andreas Maus, Zachary Fitzpatrick, Eloise Hudry, Kelsey Pinkham, Sheetal Gandhi, Bradley T Hyman, Dakai Mu, Dwijit GuhaSarkar, Anat O Stemmer-Rachamimov, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Christian E Badr, Casey A Maguire
The malignant primary brain tumor, glioblastoma (GBM) is generally incurable. New approaches are desperately needed. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector-mediated delivery of anti-tumor transgenes is a promising strategy, however direct injection leads to focal transgene spread in tumor and rapid tumor division dilutes out the extra-chromosomal AAV genome, limiting duration of transgene expression. Intravenous (IV) injection gives widespread distribution of AAV in normal brain, however poor transgene expression in tumor, and high expression in non-target cells which may lead to ineffective therapy and high toxicity, respectively...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Douglas S Goodin, Anthony T Reder, Anthony L Traboulsee, David Kb Li, Dawn Langdon, Gary Cutter, Stuart Cook, Timothy O'Donnell, Marcelo Kremenchutzky, Joel Oger, Ralf Koelbach, Christoph Pohl, Eva-Maria Wicklein
BACKGROUND: Long-term follow-up from the randomized trial of interferon beta-1b (IFNB-1b) permitted the assessment of different definitions of no evidence of disease activity (NEDA) for predicting long-term outcome in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictive validity of different NEDA definitions. METHODS: Predictive validity for negative disability outcomes (NDOs) at 16 years and survival at 21 years post-randomization were assessed...
May 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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