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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512578/safety-and-efficacy-of-microinvasive-glaucoma-surgery
#1
REVIEW
David Z Chen, Chelvin C A Sng
Microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) is emerging as a new therapeutic option for glaucoma patients who wish to reduce their medication burden and avoid the postoperative complications of conventional glaucoma filtration surgery. These devices differ in terms of their efficacy and safety profile. Schlemm's canal devices have the most favorable safety profile at the compromise of modest efficacy, while subconjunctival and suprachoroidal devices are potentially more effective at lowering the intraocular pressure at the expense of a higher rate of complications...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506767/mig-6-is-down-regulated-in-hcc-and-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-hcc-cells-via-the-p-erk-cyclin-d1-pathway
#2
Zixuan Li, Lianyue Qu, Wenting Luo, Yulong Tian, Huan Zhai, Hongshan Zhong, Ke Xu
The ablation of Mig-6 has been shown to induce tumor formation in various tissues. However, the relationships between Mig-6 expression, clinical pathological factors, and prognosis have not been clarified in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the mechanism by which Mig-6 regulates the proliferation of HCC cells has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the clinical significance of the loss of Mig-6 expression in HCC and the mechanism underlying the inhibition of cell proliferation by Mig-6. The down-regulation of Mig-6 correlated significantly with large tumors, a more advanced BCLC stage, and a more advanced TNM stage, and low Mig-6 expression predicted significantly reduced survival...
May 12, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502022/is-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-in-the-head-or-in-the-heart-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#3
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495431/evolution-of-australian-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-from-the-melbourne-interventional-group%C3%A2-mig-registry
#4
Julian Yeoh, Matias B Yudi, Nick Andrianopoulos, Bryan P Yan, David J Clark, Stephen J Duffy, Angela Brennan, Gishel New, Melanie Freeman, David Eccleston, Martin Sebastian, Christopher M Reid, William Wilson, Andrew E Ajani
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continues to evolve with shifting patient demographics, treatments, and outcomes. We sought to document the specific changes observed over a 9-year period in a contemporary Australian PCI cohort. The Melbourne Interventional Group is an established multicenter PCI registry in Melbourne, Australia. Data were collected prospectively with 30-day and 12-month follow-ups. Demographic, procedural, and outcome data for all consecutive patients were analyzed with a year-to-year comparison from 2005 to 2013...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492757/meloxicam-as-a-radiation-protective-agent-on-mandibles-of-irradiated-rats
#5
Mayra Cristina Yamasaki, Yuri Nejaim Gina Delia Roque-Torres, Deborah Queiroz Freitas
This study evaluated the action of ionizing radiation and the possible radioprotective effect of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug meloxicam on the bone physiology of rat mandibles by assessing the alveolar socket healing and bone strength. Forty male Wistar rats were divided in 4 groups (n=10): control (CG), irradiated (IG), meloxicam (MG), meloxicam irradiated (MIG). A dose of 0.2 mg/kg meloxicam was administered to MG and MIG. After this, IG and MIG were irradiated with 15 Gy radiation dose in the mandible...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486513/angle-stability-and-outflow-in-dual-blade-ab-interno-trabeculectomy-with-active-versus-passive-chamber-management
#6
Chao Wang, Yalong Dang, Susannah Waxman, Xiaobo Xia, Robert N Weinreb, Nils A Loewen
PURPOSE: To compare intraoperative angle stability and postoperative outflow of two ab interno trabeculectomy devices that excise the trabecular meshwork with or without active aspiration and irrigation. We hypothesized that anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) allows for a quantitative comparison of intraoperative angle stability in a microincisional glaucoma surgery (MIGS) pig eye training model. METHODS: Twelve freshly enucleated porcine eyes were measured with AS-OCT at baseline, at the beginning of the procedure and at its conclusion to determine the anterior chamber depth (ACD) and the nasal angle α in degrees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464971/a-simple-microsoft-excel-method-to-predict-antibiotic-outbreaks-and-underutilization
#7
Cristina Miglis, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Sean N Avedissian, Teresa R Zembower, Michael Postelnick, Richard G Wunderink, Sarah H Sutton, Marc H Scheetz
Benchmarking strategies are needed to promote the appropriate use of antibiotics. We have adapted a simple regressive method in Microsoft Excel that is easily implementable and creates predictive indices. This method trends consumption over time and can identify periods of over- and underuse at the hospital level.
May 3, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435679/targeting-the-pro-inflammatory-factor-ccl2-mcp-1-with-bindarit-for-influenza-a-h7n9-treatment
#8
Stefan Wolf, Scott Johnson, Olivia Perwitasari, Suresh Mahalingam, Ralph A Tripp
Influenza A viruses are important human and animal pathogens. Seasonal influenza viruses cause infections every year, and occasionally zoonotic viruses emerge to cause pandemics with significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates. Three cases of laboratory confirmed human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) virus were reported in 2013, and there have been several cases reported across South East Asia, and recently in North America. Most patients experience severe respiratory illness, with mortality rates approaching 40%...
March 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409755/serum-cytokine-concentrations-chorioamnionitis-and-the-onset-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-premature-infants
#9
M Kaneko, M Sato, K Ogasawara, T Imamura, K Hashimoto, N Momoi, M Hosoya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between serum cytokine concentrations and chorioamnionitis (CAM) and CAM-related bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants. METHODS: Serum was collected at 0 and 7 days after birth from 36 premature infants born at <32 weeks of gestation. We examined the relationships between 30 cytokine concentrations and CAM, BPD, and other perinatal factors. RESULTS: On day 0, GM-CSF, IL-15, IL-17, IL-2, IL-2R, VEGF, and MIG concentrations were significantly higher in the CAM group (n = 17) than in the non-CAM group (n = 19)...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407719/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-clove-eugenia-caryophyllata-essential-oil-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#10
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
CONTEXT: Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. [Myrtaceae]) essential oil (CEO) has been shown to possess antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. However, few studies have focused on its topical use. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the biological activity of a commercially available CEO in a human skin disease model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effect of CEO on 17 protein biomarkers that play critical roles in inflammation and tissue remodelling in a validated human dermal fibroblast system, which was designed to model chronic inflammation and fibrosis...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387899/a-correlation-study-between-gene-polymorphism-of-th-cell-expressed-chemokine-receptor-cxcr3-and-its-ligand-levels-with-hcv-infection-prognosis
#11
Y Lu, L-Y Lin, J-G Tan, H-P Deng, X-H Li, Z Zhang, Y Li, Z Zhou, X Xu, X Xie, S-J Mei
OBJECTIVE: Chemokine receptor and its ligand participate in viral immunity and HCV infection, which are important inflammatory mediators. The current study showed the different roles of Th cell secreted chemokines CXCR3, CCR5 and CCR6 in chronic liver inflammation after HCV infection. As one important chemokine receptor, the role of polypeptide property and ligand level in HCV prognosis is still unclear. This study aims to investigate gene polymorphism of chemokine genes and ligand level, and their correlation with patient liver function, to provide evidence for HCV prognosis and chronic transition mechanism...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385078/paris-polyphylla-suppresses-proliferation-and-vasculogenic-mimicry-of-human-osteosarcoma-cells-and-inhibits-tumor-growth-in-vivo
#12
Nan Yao, Ke Ren, Yimin Wang, Qiaomei Jin, Xiao Lu, Yan Lu, Cuihua Jiang, Dongjian Zhang, Jun Lu, Chen Wang, Jiege Huo, Yong Chen, Jian Zhang
Paris polyphylla, a traditional antipyretic-detoxicate chinese medicinal herb, has been applied extensively in cancer treatments for nearly 2000 years. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the potential anti-osteosarcoma effects of Paris polyphylla ethanol extract (PPEE) and to investigate its underlying mechanisms. The antiproliferation activity of PPEE was tested on 143B, MG-63, U-2 OS and hFOB1.19 cells using MTT assay. The pro-apoptotic and cell cycle arrest effects of PPEE were confirmed by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384160/a-wnt-planar-polarity-pathway-instructs-neurite-branching-by-restricting-f-actin-assembly-through-endosomal-signaling
#13
Chun-Hao Chen, Chun-Wei He, Chien-Po Liao, Chun-Liang Pan
Spatial arrangement of neurite branching is instructed by both attractive and repulsive cues. Here we show that in C. elegans, the Wnt family of secreted glycoproteins specify neurite branching sites in the PLM mechanosensory neurons. Wnts function through MIG-1/Frizzled and the planar cell polarity protein (PCP) VANG-1/Strabismus/Vangl2 to restrict the formation of F-actin patches, which mark branching sites in nascent neurites. We find that VANG-1 promotes Wnt signaling by facilitating Frizzled endocytosis and genetically acts in a common pathway with arr-1/β-arrestin, whose mutation results in defective PLM branching and F-actin patterns similar to those in the Wnt, mig-1 or vang-1 mutants...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383629/ip-10-in-occupational-asthma-review-of-the-literature-and-case-control-study
#14
F Ragusa, P Fallahi
OBJECTIVES: T-helper (Th)2 cytokines are thought to mediate most of the allergic inflammatory responses associated with atopic asthma. But the Th1-related chemokine, interferon (IFN)-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10)/chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)10, was the predominant chemokine measured during human allergic pulmonary late-phase reaction. Viral infection and allergens can exacerbate asthma by inducing the accumulation of these chemokines and inflammatory cells in the airway. Short-acting β2-adrenoreceptor agonists, budesonide and formoterol (all important relievers in asthma exacerbation), such as vitamin D3, vitamin C, have been shown to inhibit airway cells inflammatory responses by modulating these chemokines...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383628/interferon-%C3%AE-induced-protein-10-in-lyme-disease
#15
P Fallahi, G Elia, A Bonatti
Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type, that affects about 300,000 people a year in the USA and 65,000 people a year in Europe. Borrelia infection, and Lyme disease, following occupational exposure has been frequently reported in USA, Europe and Asia. The manifestations of Lyme disease include erythema migrans (EM), arthritis, neuroborrelliosis (NB), and others. Cytokines and chemokines primarily orchestrate leukocyte recruitment to the areas of Borrelia infection, and they are critical mediators of immune and inflammatory responses, in particular of the induction of interferon (IFN)-γ and IFN-γ dependent chemokines...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383627/hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-and-alpha-chemokines
#16
F Limongi, P Fallahi
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is categorized as a Type-1 helper (Th1) disease. The resulting granuloma formation is dependent on T cells and the Th1 cytokine interferon (IFN)-γ. In experimental setting, the production of IFN-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), monokine induced by IFN-γ (MIG), IFN-inducible T-cell-alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), has been shown (in mice exposed to the particulate antigens that cause HP) during the development of HP. The production of these chemokines was associated with an influx of chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)3 CXCR3(+)/CD4(+) T cells into lungs...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383112/associations-between-elevated-pre-treatment-serum-cytokines-and-peripheral-blood-cellular-markers-of-immunosuppression-in-patients-with-lymphoma
#17
Moritz Binder, Megan M O'Byrne, Matthew J Maurer, Stephen Ansell, Andrew L Feldman, James Cerhan, Anne Novak, Luis Francisco Porrata, Svetomir Markovic, Brian K Link, Thomas E Witzig
Higher ratios of the pre-treatment peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte (ALC) to absolute monocyte counts (AMC) are associated with improved outcomes in lymphoma. Conversely, elevated pre-treatment serum cytokines are associated with inferior outcomes. The relationship between pre-treatment serum cytokines and ALC/AMC ratios remains unknown. We studied twelve serum cytokines and the ALC/AMC ratios in 390 patients with untreated diffuse large B-cell, follicular, mantle cell, T-cell, and Hodgkin lymphoma. Different pre-treatment serum cytokine concentrations correlated with ALC, AMC, and ALC/AMC ratios depending on the lymphoma type...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375674/the-inflammatory-cxc-chemokines-gro%C3%AE-high-ip-10-low-and-mig-low-in-tumor-microenvironment-can-be-used-as-new-indicators-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-progression
#18
Ya Cao, Haitao Huang, Zhenxin Wang, Guangbo Zhang
AIMS: To investigate the clinical significance of tumor tissue-infiltrating chemokines expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) microenvironment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh tissue samples were acquired from 50 patients with NSCLC after operation. Then, we quantified the total protein with the BCA Protein Assay Kit and tested 13 chemotactic factors in paired samples including tumor tissues, tumor adjacent tissues, and normal tissues with the CBA Kit. RESULTS: We found that the chemokine CC subfamily of MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, and MIP-3α and the chemokine CXC subfamily of IL-8, GROα, IP-10, and MIG expressions in tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in tumor-adjacent tissues and normal tissues...
April 4, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327447/effect-of-motivational-interviewing-on-depression-scale-scores-of-adolescents-with-obesity-and-overweight
#19
Silvia Freira, Marina Serra Lemos, Geoffrey Williams, Marta Ribeiro, Fernanda Pena, Maria do Céu Machado
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of motivational interview (MI) with conventional care on the depression scale scores of adolescents with obesity/overweight. It was a controlled cluster randomized trial with parallel design, including two groups: intervention group [Motivational Interview Group (MIG)], control group [Conventional Intervention Group (CIG)]. INTERVENTION: three face-to-face 30min' interviews three months apart (only MIG interviews were based on MI principles)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302021/cytokines-induced-during-influenza-virus-infection
#20
Tatiana Betáková, Anna Kostrabova, Veronika Lachova, Lucia Turianova
Influenza A virus is one of the major human pathogens. The influenza infection can pass out without any subclinical symptoms or infestation can appear in upper respiratory tract as well as in lower respiratory tract where it can result in lethal outcome. Both innate and adaptive immune responses are activated shortly after infection providing protection against infection. Many activities of the cells of innate and adaptive immunity are coordinated by cytokines. However, inordinate or disbalanced immune response may result in overproduction of cytokines as well as chemokines what can lead to severe inflammation, including excessive recruitment of neutrophils and mononuclear cells at the site of infection...
March 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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