keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Flagellin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424686/mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-to-influenza-h7n9-antigen-ha1-2-co-delivered-intranasally-with-flagellin-or-polyethyleneimine-in-mice-and-chickens
#1
Li Song, Dan Xiong, Hongqin Song, Lili Wu, Meihua Zhang, Xilong Kang, Zhiming Pan, Xinan Jiao
Consecutive cases of human infection with H7N9 influenza viruses since 2013 in China have prompted efforts to develop an effective treatment. Subunit vaccines introduced by intranasal administration can block an infection at its primary site; flagellin (fliC) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) have been shown to be potent adjuvants. We previously generated the hemagglutinin (HA)1-2-fliC fusion protein consisting of the globular head domain (HA1-2; amino acids 62-284) of HA fused with Salmonella typhimurium fliC. In the present study, we investigated its effectiveness of both flagellin and PEI as mucosal adjuvants for the H7N9 influenza subunit vaccine...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414127/crystal-structure-of-the-flagellar-chaperone-flis-from-bacillus-cereus-and-an-invariant-proline-critical-for-flis-dimerization-and-flagellin-recognition
#2
Choongdeok Lee, Meong Il Kim, Jaewan Park, Bo-Young Jeon, Sung-Il Yoon, Minsun Hong
FliS is a cytoplasmic flagellar chaperone for the flagellin, which polymerizes into filaments outside of the flagellated bacteria. Cytoplasmic interaction between FliS and flagellin is critical to retain the flagellin protein in a monomeric form, which is transported from the cytoplasm through the flagellar export apparatus to the extracellular space for filament assembly. Defects in the FliS protein directly diminish bacterial motility, pathogenicity, and viability. Although the overall structure of FliS is known, structural and mutational studies on FliS from other bacterial species are still required to reveal any unresolved biophysical features of FliS itself or functionally critical residues for flagellin recognition...
April 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413638/serologic-testing-of-a-panel-of-five-antibodies-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-diagnostic-value-and-correlation-with-disease-phenotype
#3
Zhi-Zhi Wang, Ke Shi, Jie Peng
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of five serological antibodies, perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA), anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies [ASCA; ASCA-immunoglobulin (IgG)and ASCA-IgA], Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C antibody (anti-OmpC) and CBir1 flagellin antibody for detection in inflammatory bowel diseases. Whether the antibody status correlated with the disease phenotype was also evaluated. Sera from 71 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 41 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 78 patients with other gastrointestinal diseases and 31 healthy control subjects were investigated...
April 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409544/hypoxia-and-the-hypoxia-regulated-transcription-factor-hif-1%C3%AE-suppress-the-host-defence-of-airway-epithelial-cells
#4
Markus Polke, Frederik Seiler, Philipp M Lepper, Andreas Kamyschnikow, Frank Langer, Dominik Monz, Christian Herr, Robert Bals, Christoph Beisswenger
Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, such as cystic fibrosis, are associated with mucosal and systemic hypoxia. Innate immune functions of airway epithelial cells are required to prevent and control infections of the lung parenchyma. The transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) regulates cellular adaptation to low oxygen conditions. Here, we show that hypoxia and HIF-1α regulate innate immune mechanisms of cultured human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). Exposure of primary HBECs to hypoxia or the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor dimethyloxaloylglycine (DMOG) resulted in a significantly decreased expression of inflammatory mediators (IL-6, IFN-γ-induced protein 10) in response to ligands for TLRs (flagellin, polyI:C) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, whereas the expression of inflammatory mediators was not affected by hypoxia or DMOG in the absence of microbial factors...
May 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407032/toll-like-receptor-5-agonist-cblb502-induces-radioprotective-effects-in-vitro
#5
Tong Shi, Liqin Li, Guochao Zhou, Chen Wang, Xuejun Chen, Ruihua Zhang, Jianfu Xu, Xiaojing Lu, Hui Jiang, Jisheng Chen
CBLB502 derived from Salmonella flagellin is a novel agonist of Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5). It has been shown that CBLB502 can exert high radioprotective efficacy on mice and primates from both GI and hematopoietic syndromes during whole-body irradiation with low toxicity and immunogenicity. However, no effective system has been used to investigate the protective effect of CBLB502 against irradiation and the related mechanism in vitro. In this study, we investigated the radioprotective properties of CBLB502 in HEK293-N-T cells constitutively expressing human TLR5 and NF-κB-dependent luciferase...
April 12, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404459/preparation-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-alginate-flagellin-immunoconjugate
#6
Sobhan Faezi, Ahmad Reza Bahrmand, Mehdi Mahdavi, Seyed Davar Siadat, Soroush Sardari, Iraj Nikokar, Korosh Khanaki, Ebrahim Mirzajani, Gholamreza Goudarzi
Mucoid strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa are closely associated with chronic pulmonary infections. In this report we describe a straightforward approach to conjugate high molecular weight alginate to type b-flagellin (FLB) and investigation of its bioactivity. The conjugation process was performed by using ADH and EDAC. The endotoxin was eliminated from the candidate vaccine by LPS removal resin followed by LAL test. The bioconjugate molecules were verified by simultaneously determination of polysaccharide/protein content followed by gel filtration chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy...
April 10, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400491/elf18-induced-long-noncoding-rna-associates-with-mediator-to-enhance-expression-of-innate-immune-response-genes-in-arabidopsis
#7
Jun Sung Seo, Hai-Xi Sun, Bong Soo Park, Chung-Hao Huang, Shyi-Dong Yeh, Choonkyun Jung, Nam-Hai Chua
The plant immune response is a complex process involving transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Responses to plant immunity are initiated upon the perception of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), including peptide fragment of bacterial flagellin (flg22) or translation elongation factor Tu (elf18). Here, we identify an Arabidopsis thaliana long-noncoding RNA, designated ELF18-INDUCED LONG-NONCODING RNA 1 (ELENA1), as a factor enhancing resistance against Pseudomonas syringe pv...
April 11, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396663/bacterial-secretant-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-dampens-inflammasome-activation-in-a-quorum-sensing-dependent-manner
#8
Jungmin Yang, Kang-Mu Lee, Sangjun Park, Yoeseph Cho, Eunju Lee, Jong-Hwan Park, Ok Sarah Shin, Junghyun Son, Sang Sun Yoon, Je-Wook Yu
Inflammasome signaling can contribute to host innate immune defense against bacterial pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, bacterial evasion of host inflammasome activation is still poorly elucidated. Quorum sensing (QS) is a bacterial communication mechanism that promotes coordinated adaptation by triggering expression of a wide range of genes. QS is thought to strongly contribute to the virulence of P. aeruginosa, but the molecular impact of bacterial QS on host inflammasome defense is completely unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394395/effects-of-inhibitors-of-transcription-factors-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activator-protein-1-on-the-expression-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-and-chemokines-induced-by-stimulation-with-toll-like-receptor-ligands-in-hen-vaginal-cells
#9
T Kamimura, N Isobe, Y Yoshimura
The goal of this study was to determine whether nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) were the responsible transcription factors for the induction of proinflammatory cytokines in hen vaginal cells stimulated by different Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. Cultured vaginal cells were treated with or without poly I:C (TLR3 ligand; dsRNA virus), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (TLR4 ligand; gram-negative bacteria), flagellin (TLR5 ligand; bacterial flagellum), R848 (TLR7 ligand; ssRNA virus), and CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) (TLR21 ligand; bacteria and DNA virus) in the presence or absence of different doses of BAY11-7085 (NFκB inhibitor) and tanshinone IIA (AP-1 inhibitor)...
March 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392408/3-amino-1-8-naphthalimide-a-structural-analog-of-the-anti-cholera-drug-virstatin-inhibits-chemically-biased-swimming-and-swarming-motility-in-vibrios
#10
Hongxia Wang, Anisia J Silva, Jorge A Benitez
A screen for inhibitors of Vibrio cholerae motility identified the compound 3-amino 1,8-naphthalimide (3-A18NI), a structural analog of the cholera drug virstatin. Similar to virstatin, 3-A18NI diminished cholera toxin production. In contrast, 3-A18NI impeded swimming and/or swarming motility of V. cholerae and V. parahemolyticus suggesting that it could target the chemotaxis pathway shared by the polar and lateral flagellar system of vibrios. 3-A18NI did not inhibit the expression of V. cholerae major flagellin FlaA or the assembly of its polar flagellum...
April 6, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389943/fluorescent-microscopy-techniques-to-study-hook-length-control-and-flagella-formation
#11
Marc Erhardt
The bacterial flagellum is a sophisticated motility device made of about 30 different proteins and consists of three main structural parts: (1) a membrane-embedded basal body, (2) a flexible linking structure (the hook) that connects the basal body to, (3) the rigid filament that extends up to 10 μm from the cell surface. In Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, the hook structure is controlled to a length of 55 nm by a molecular ruler protein, FliK. Only upon hook completion, FliK induces a switch in substrate specificity of the flagellar export apparatus, which allows secretion of filament-type substrates, such as flagellin...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388624/development-of-a-glycoconjugate-vaccine-to-prevent-invasive-salmonella-typhimurium-infections-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Scott M Baliban, Mingjun Yang, Girish Ramachandran, Brittany Curtis, Surekha Shridhar, Rachel S Laufer, Jin Y Wang, John Van Druff, Ellen E Higginson, Nicolas Hegerle, Kristen M Varney, James E Galen, Sharon M Tennant, Andrew Lees, Alexander D MacKerell, Myron M Levine, Raphael Simon
Invasive infections associated with non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) serovars Enteritidis (SE), Typhimurium (STm) and monophasic variant 1,4,[5],12:i:- are a major health problem in infants and young children in sub-Saharan Africa, and currently, there are no approved human NTS vaccines. NTS O-polysaccharides and flagellin proteins are protective antigens in animal models of invasive NTS infection. Conjugates of SE core and O-polysaccharide (COPS) chemically linked to SE flagellin have enhanced the anti-COPS immune response and protected mice against fatal challenge with a Malian SE blood isolate...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372583/exposure-to-bacterial-products-lipopolysaccharide-and-flagellin-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-nested-case-control-study
#13
Veronika Fedirko, Hao Quang Tran, Andrew T Gewirtz, Magdalena Stepien, Antonia Trichopoulou, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Franck Carbonnel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Christina Bamia, Pagona Lagiou, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, Petra H Peeters, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, Elisabete Weiderpass, José María Huerta Castaño, Aurelio Barricarte, María-José Sánchez, Miren Dorronsoro, J Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Klas Sjöberg, Bodil Ohlsson, Oskar Hemmingsson, Mårten Werner, Kathryn E Bradbury, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Dagfinn Aune, Augustin Scalbert, Isabelle Romieu, Elio Riboli, Mazda Jenab
BACKGROUND: Leakage of bacterial products across the gut barrier may play a role in liver diseases which often precede the development of liver cancer. However, human studies, particularly from prospective settings, are lacking. METHODS: We used a case-control study design nested within a large prospective cohort to assess the association between circulating levels of anti-lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and anti-flagellin immunoglobulin A (IgA) and G (IgG) (reflecting long-term exposures to LPS and flagellin, respectively) and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348057/host-immune-recognition-of-the-epidemic-cystic-fibrosis-pathogen-burkholderia-dolosa
#14
Damien Roux, Molly Weatherholt, Bradley Clark, Mihaela Gadjeva, Diane Renaud, David Scott, David Skurnik, Gregory P Priebe, Gerald Pier, Craig Gerard, Deborah R Yoder-Himes
Burkholderia dolosa caused an outbreak in the cystic fibrosis (CF) clinic at Boston Children's Hospital from 1998 to 2005 and led to the infection of over 40 patients, many of whom died due to complications from infection by this organism. To assess whether B. dolosa significantly contributes to disease or is recognized by the host immune response, mice were infected with a sequenced outbreak B. dolosa strain, AU0158, and responses compared to the well-studied CF pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa In parallel, mice were also infected with a polar flagellin mutant of B...
March 27, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345580/differential-roles-of-caspase-1-and-caspase-11-in-infection-and-inflammation
#15
Si Ming Man, Rajendra Karki, Benoit Briard, Amanda Burton, Sebastien Gingras, Stephane Pelletier, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Caspase-1, also known as interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-converting enzyme (ICE), regulates antimicrobial host defense, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, metabolism and membrane biogenesis. On activation within an inflammasome complex, caspase-1 induces pyroptosis and converts pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18 into their biologically active forms. "ICE(-/-)" or "Casp1(-/-)" mice generated using 129 embryonic stem cells carry a 129-associated inactivating passenger mutation on the caspase-11 locus, essentially making them deficient in both caspase-1 and caspase-11...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337196/salmonella-typhi-porins-ompc-and-ompf-are-potent-adjuvants-for-t-dependent-and-t-independent-antigens
#16
Marisol Pérez-Toledo, Nuriban Valero-Pacheco, Rodolfo Pastelin-Palacios, Cristina Gil-Cruz, Christian Perez-Shibayama, Mario A Moreno-Eutimio, Ingeborg Becker, Sonia Mayra Pérez-Tapia, Lourdes Arriaga-Pizano, Adam F Cunningham, Armando Isibasi, Laura C Bonifaz, Constantino López-Macías
Several microbial components, such as bacterial DNA and flagellin, have been used as experimental vaccine adjuvants because of their inherent capacity to efficiently activate innate immune responses. Likewise, our previous work has shown that the major Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi) outer membrane proteins OmpC and OmpF (porins) are highly immunogenic protective antigens that efficiently stimulate innate and adaptive immune responses in the absence of exogenous adjuvants. Moreover, S. Typhi porins induce the expression of costimulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells through toll-like receptor canonical signaling pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333279/inhibition-of-pim1-kinase-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-fetal-membranes-in-vitro
#17
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemic virus (PIM)1 kinase play a role in regulating the inflammatory processes of human labour and delivery? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIM1 kinase plays a critical role in fetal membranes in regulating pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infection and inflammation have strong causal links to preterm delivery by stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and collagen degrading enzymes, which can lead to rupture of membranes...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330899/il-24-promotes-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-keratitis-in-c57bl-6-mouse-corneas
#18
Bing X Ross, Nan Gao, Xinhan Cui, Theodore J Standiford, Jianjiang Xu, Fu-Shin X Yu
The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression and functions of IL-24 in C57BL/6 mouse corneas in response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Among IL-20R cytokines, only IL-24 was induced at both mRNA and protein levels by infection at early time points. The upregulation of IL-24 was dampened by flagellin pretreatment, which protects the corneas from microbial infection. Time course studies revealed bimodal early and later peaks of IL-24 expression, a pattern shared with suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)3 but not IL-1β or IL-6...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325746/dietary-emulsifiers-directly-alter-human-microbiota-composition-and-gene-expression-ex-vivo-potentiating-intestinal-inflammation
#19
Benoit Chassaing, Tom Van de Wiele, Jana De Bodt, Massimo Marzorati, Andrew T Gewirtz
OBJECTIVE: The intestinal microbiota plays a central role in the development of many chronic inflammatory diseases including IBD and metabolic syndrome. Administration of substances that alter microbiota composition, including the synthetic dietary emulsifiers polysorbate 80 (P80) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), can promote such inflammatory disorders. However, that inflammation itself impacts microbiota composition has obfuscated defining the extent to which these compounds or other substances act directly upon the microbiota versus acting on host parameters that promote inflammation, which subsequently reshapes the microbiota...
March 21, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323577/mitigation-of-radiation-induced-epithelial-damage-by-the-tlr5-agonist-entolimod-in-a-mouse-model-of-fractionated-head-and-neck-irradiation
#20
Ilia A Toshkov, Anatoli S Gleiberman, Vadim L Mett, Alan D Hutson, Anurag K Singh, Andrei V Gudkov, Lyudmila G Burdelya
Radiation treatment of head and neck cancer frequently causes severe collateral damage to normal tissues including mouth mucosa, salivary glands and skin. This toxicity limits the radiation dose that can be delivered and affects the patient's quality of life. Previous studies in mice and nonhuman primates showed that entolimod, a toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) agonist derived from bacterial flagellin, effectively reduced radiation damage to hematopoietic and gastrointestinal tissues in both total-body and local irradiation scenarios, with no protection of tumors...
March 21, 2017: Radiation Research
keyword
keyword
34046
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"