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Positive youth development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#1
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332431/validation-of-the-ceredigion-youth-screening-tool
#2
Gareth Norris, Gwyn Griffith, Megan West
Evidence suggests that only a small minority of youth offenders will continue their behaviour in the longer term and largely independent of any interventions they may receive (Bateman, 2011; Haines & Case, 2015). Hence, "screening out" this larger low-risk cohort could have a positive impact upon the individual through a reduction in stigmatisation/labelling and free up resources for higher risk clients. This article outlines development of the Ceredigion Youth Screening Tool (CYSTEM)-developed and tested to address the two facets of criminality and vulnerability-closely aligned to the eight key risk indicators identified in the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (R-N-R) literature (Andrews & Bonta, 2010)...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#3
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327148/autoantibodies-against-zinc-transporter-8-are-related-to-age-and-metabolic-state-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-autoimmune-diabetes
#4
Elżbieta Niechciał, Anita Rogowicz-Frontczak, Stanisław Piłaciński, Marta Fichna, Bogda Skowrońska, Piotr Fichna, Dorota Zozulińska-Ziółkiewicz
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of ZnT8-ab and its correlation to other autoimmune markers and diabetic ketoacidosis occurrence in children and adults with T1DM onset. METHODS: The study included 367 patients (218 children; 149 adults) at the T1DM onset. Selected diabetes-related autoantibodies such as GAD-ab, IA2-ab, ZnT8-ab were tested before the initiation of insulin therapy. Diabetic ketoacidosis was defined as glucose concentration > 13.9 mmol/l, pH < 7...
January 11, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#5
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304386/the-neurobiology-of-self-face-recognition-among-depressed-adolescents
#6
Karina Quevedo, Madeline Harms, Mitchell Sauder, Hannah Scott, Sumaya Mohamed, Kathleen M Thomas, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Garry Smyda
OBJECTIVE: Depression is linked to alterations in both emotion and self-processing. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural activation in healthy and depressed youth to a novel task that combined emotion processing with self-face recognition. METHODS: An fMRI study involving 81 adolescents (50.6% females; Mage=14.61, SD=1.65) comprised of depressed (DEP, n=43), and healthy controls (HC, n=38). Participants completed a clinical interview and self-report measures during an initial assessment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294982/gender-based-violence-supportive-cognitions-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys-the-function-of-violence-exposure-and-victimization
#7
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones, Dominic Willmott, Nicole Sherretts
Violence against women and girls is widespread in the Caribbean, which may be due to heightened acceptance of such acts in this specific social context. In spite of this, studies investigating attitudes toward violence and their correlates among participants drawn from the region are missing. To address this void in the literature, we examined associations between violence exposure and victimization and two gender-based violence-related cognitions (attitudes toward male physical domestic violence and social norms regarding physical violence against girls) as well as general beliefs about violence using structural equation modeling...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294931/unique-interactions-of-interpersonal-trauma-and-positive-peer-and-family-experiences-on-traumatic-distress-among-pediatric-primary-care-patients
#8
Shirley B Wang, Joanna Herres, Guy Diamond
Individuals with histories of interpersonal trauma are at increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Risk of PTSD is particularly salient during critical periods of development, such as adolescence and emerging adulthood. However, little is known about the unique effects and interactions of protective factors and interpersonal trauma on PTSD symptoms in adolescents and young adults. The current study tested whether positive peer and family experiences decrease the associations between interpersonal trauma and PTSD symptoms and whether these associations differed by victim-perpetrator relationships...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294824/the-longitudinal-relation-between-community-violence-exposure-and-academic-engagement-during-adolescence-exploring-families-protective-role
#9
Caitlin Elsaesser, Deborah Gorman-Smith, David Henry, Michael Schoeny
Few published studies have examined the interaction between community violence exposure, academic engagement, and parental involvement, despite theory suggesting that these three domains of development are interrelated during adolescence. This study had two related objectives: (a) to assess the temporal ordering of the relation between community violence exposure and academic engagement over the course of mid-adolescence and (b) to examine whether the pattern of these relations varies by level of parental involvement...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283609/-miscarried-helping-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-helping-for-health-inventory-couples
#10
Rika Tanaka, Paula M Trief, Kasandra Scales, Ruth S Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Family-partner support has been associated with better blood glucose control, self-care adherence, and quality of life in adult patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). "Miscarried helping" has described interactions between youth with chronic diseases and their family members, in which a family member is helpful, but efforts are perceived as negative by the patient. Miscarried helping has not, however, been measured in adults with diabetes, which was the purpose of our study. METHOD: Data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 268) were analyzed to establish the psychometric properties and correlates of an adaptation of a measure of miscarried helping developed in pediatric populations, for use with adults with T2D...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283592/development-and-validation-of-a-measure-of-maladaptive-social-evaluative-beliefs-characteristic-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-youth-the-report-of-youth-social-cognitions-rysc
#11
Quincy J J Wong, Sarah P Certoma, Lauren F McLellan, Brynjar Halldorsson, Natasha Reyes, Kelsie Boulton, Jennifer L Hudson, Ronald M Rapee
Recent research has started to examine the applicability of influential adult models of the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to youth. This research is limited by the lack of psychometrically validated measures of underlying constructs that are developmentally appropriate for youth. One key construct in adult models of SAD is maladaptive social-evaluative beliefs. The current study aimed to develop and validate a measure of these beliefs in youth, known as the Report of Youth Social Cognitions (RYSC)...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282086/mental-health-care-for-youth-with-rheumatologic-diseases-bridging-the-gap
#12
REVIEW
Alaina M Davis, Tamar B Rubinstein, Martha Rodriguez, Andrea M Knight
Youth with rheumatologic diseases have a high prevalence of comorbid mental health disorders. Individuals with comorbid mental health disorders are at increased risk for adverse outcomes related to mental health as well as their underlying rheumatologic disease. Early identification and treatment of mental health disorders has been shown to improve outcomes, but current systems of care fall short in providing adequate mental health services to those in need. Pediatric rheumatologists are uniquely positioned to provide mental health screening and intervention for youth with rheumatologic diseases due to the frequency of patient encounters and ongoing therapeutic relationship with patients and families...
December 28, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280758/changes-in-insulin-sensitivity-over-time-and-associated-factors-in-hiv-infected-adolescents
#13
Mitchell E Geffner, Kunjal Patel, Denise L Jacobson, Julia Wu, Tracie L Miller, Rohan Hazra, Mariana Gerschenson, Tanvi Sharma, Margarita Silio, Jennifer Jao, Jody K Takemoto, Russell B Van Dyke, Linda A Dimeglio
OBJECTIVE: To compare prevalence of IR between perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) and perinatally HIV-exposed, but uninfected adolescents (PHEU), determine incidence of and contributory factors to new and resolved cases of IR in PHIV+, and evaluate glucose metabolism. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design for comparison of prevalence among PHIV+ and PHEU. Longitudinal design for incidence and resolution of IR among PHIV+ at risk for these outcomes. METHODS: The source population was adolescents from pediatric HIV clinics in the US and Puerto Rico participating in PHACS AMP, an ongoing prospective cohort study designed to evaluate impact of HIV infection and its treatment on multiple domains in preadolescents and adolescents...
December 26, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277412/impact-of-childhood-parent-child-relationships-on-cardiovascular-risks-in-adolescence
#14
Zhongzheng Niu, Hilary Tanenbaum, Emily Kiresich, Amber Cordola Hsu, Xiaomeng Lei, Yunsheng Ma, Zhaoping Li, Bin Xie
This study aims to determine prospective effects of the childhood parent-child relationships on the development of cardiovascular risks in adolescence. Using available 917 parent-child dyads from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (1991 to 2006), we analyzed the prospective effects of childhood parent-child relationships of Conflict and Closeness, as well as their categorized combinations (Harmonic, Dramatic, Hostile, and Indifferent) on the development of subscapular and triceps skinfold thickness (SST/TST), body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP), and heart rate (HR) during adolescence...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250994/posttraumatic-growth-and-parental-bonding-in-young-adults-of-parents-with-physical-disabilites-testing-mediation-model-of-resilience
#15
Yuli Li, Aihong Xing, Xiaoyun Chen, Fenglan Lou, Fenglin Cao
Positive parent-child relationships are associated with positive youth development, but little is known about the relationships between parental bonding, resilience, and posttraumatic growth, which is positive change resulting from the struggle with trauma. This study examined a mediation model among 119 female young adults with disabled parents. The model included resilience as a mediator of the relationship between the paternal Care and posttraumatic growth. The results revealed that resilience did mediate the relationship between the paternal Care and posttraumatic growth...
December 18, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249281/psychosocial-resilience-and-vulnerability-in-western-australian-aboriginal-youth
#16
Katrina D Hopkins, Catherine L Taylor, Stephen R Zubrick
Resilience is defined as a dynamic and contextually embedded process of positive development despite exposure to significant adversity. The Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population experience significant disadvantage and adversity relative to the non-Aboriginal population, with disproportionate and increasing rates of Aboriginal children in out-of-home care and substantiated child maltreatment seven times the rates for non-Aboriginal children. Despite decades of resilience research there remains a gap in our understanding of the extent to which specific mechanisms and processes support resilient outcomes...
December 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248027/peripheral-levels-of-superoxide-dismutase-and-glutathione-peroxidase-in-youths-in-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#17
Maiara Zeni-Graiff, Adiel C Rios, Pawan K Maurya, Lucas B Rizzo, Sumit Sethi, Ana S Yamagata, Rodrigo B Mansur, Pedro M Pan, Elson Asevedo, Graccielle R Cunha, André Zugman, Rodrigo A Bressan, Ary Gadelha, Elisa Brietzke
Introduction Oxidative stress has been documented in chronic schizophrenia and in the first episode of psychosis, but there are very little data on oxidative stress prior to the disease onset. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to compare serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in young individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis with a comparison healthy control group (HC). METHODS: Thirteen UHR subjects and 29 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this study...
December 17, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239189/-immunotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer
#18
O Fiala, O Šorejs, M Pešek, J Fínek
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer occupies the leading position of cancer incidence and mortality worldwide, including in the Czech Republic. Despite significant advances in systemic oncology treatments, lung cancer still has the worst prognosis, which is driving the need for innovative therapies and methods to treat this disease. Immunotherapy is a developing area of systemic oncology treatment, which has recently begun to be significantly applied to patients with lung carcinoma. The most useful type of immunotherapy currently employs checkpoint inhibitors, including CTLA-4 inhibitors (ipilimumab and tremelimumab) and PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, durvalumab, and avelumab)...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237154/effects-of-early-life-adversity-on-hippocampal-structures-and-associated-hpa-axis-functions
#19
Brigitte Dahmen, Vanessa B Puetz, Wolfgang Scharke, Georg G von Polier, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Early-life adversity (ELA) is one of the major risk factors for serious mental and physical health risks later in life. ELA has been associated with dysfunctional neurodevelopment, especially in brain structures such as the hippocampus, and with dysfunction of the stress system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Children who have experienced ELA are also more likely to suffer from mental health disorders such as depression later in life. The exact interplay of aberrant neurodevelopment and HPA axis dysfunction as risks for psychopathology is not yet clear...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232180/a-randomized-study-of-a-mobile-behavioral-parent-training-application
#20
Edward G Feil, Peter G Sprengelmeyer, Craig Leve
Background/Introduction: Never before have parents had such immediate access to parenting support. The extension of the Internet to smartphones, offers the opportunity to provide families with the highest-quality information at the time and place that it can be the most useful. However, there remain considerable barriers to getting the right information to the right people at the right time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study includes the initial feasibility testing of a smartphone application "ParentNet" that attempts to deliver on the potential of empirically supported therapy by connecting family members with specific behavioral goals and outcomes in real time...
December 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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