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Positive youth development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#1
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088438/a-snapshot-of-urban-adolescent-women-s-contraceptive-knowledge-at-the-onset-of-a-community-larc-promotion-initiative
#2
K B Greenberg, S C Jenks, N G Piazza, B R Malibiran, C A Aligne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To contextualize young women's knowledge and attitudes regarding contraception at the outset of an intervention promoting long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for teen pregnancy prevention. DESIGN: and Setting: Our intervention is based on diffusion of innovation theory, and at the outset we were interested in likely early adopters' existing knowledge and attitudes towards contraception. This mixed methods study consists of focus groups within positive youth development programs in Rochester, New York; we discussed young women's knowledge and sources of information for all FDA-approved contraceptive methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#3
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064125/effects-of-cultural-brokering-on-individual-wellbeing-and-family-dynamics-among-immigrant-youth
#4
Vanja Lazarevic
Over 90% of immigrant youth help their parents navigate the mainstream US culture, a process known as cultural brokering. Past research has indicated that brokering can often have negative effects on development of immigrant youth and their families. The current study builds on the past literature by examining how various aspects of brokering may impact individual wellbeing and family dynamics among first generation immigrant and refugee youth from Eastern Europe (N = 197, Mage = 22.93 (SD = 2.89), 63...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059054/randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-families-for-health-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-intervention-delivered-in-a-community-setting-for-ages-6-to-11-years
#5
Wendy Robertson, Joanna Fleming, Atiya Kamal, Thomas Hamborg, Kamran A Khan, Frances Griffiths, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Nigel Stallard, Stavros Petrou, Douglas Simkiss, Elizabeth Harrison, Sung Wook Kim, Margaret Thorogood
BACKGROUND: Effective programmes to help children manage their weight are required. 'Families for Health' focuses on a parenting approach, designed to help parents develop their parenting skills to support lifestyle change within the family. Families for Health version 1 showed sustained reductions in mean body mass index (BMI) z-score after 2 years in a pilot project. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in a randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056929/childhood-temperament-predictors-of-adolescent-physical-activity
#6
James A Janssen, Jacek Kolacz, Lilly Shanahan, Meghan J Gangel, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Many patterns of physical activity involvement are established early in life. To date, the role of easily identifiable early-life individual predictors of PA, such as childhood temperament, remains relatively unexplored. Here, we tested whether childhood temperamental activity level, high intensity pleasure, low intensity pleasure, and surgency predicted engagement in physical activity (PA) patterns 11 years later in adolescence...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054492/match-running-performance-and-skill-execution-improves-with-age-but-not-the-number-of-disposals-in-young-australian-footballers
#7
Paul B Gastin, Christie Tangalos, Lorena Torres, Sam Robertson
This study investigated age-related differences in maturity, physical and functional characteristics and playing performance in youth Australian Football (AF). Young male players (n = 156) were recruited from 12 teams across 6 age groups (U10-U15) of a recreational AF club. All players were tested for body size, maturity and fitness. Player performance was assessed during a match in which disposals (kicks and handballs) and their effectiveness were coded from a video recording and match running performance measured using Global Positioning System...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052570/effects-of-the-youth-fit-4-life-physical-activity-nutrition-protocol-on-body-mass-index-fitness-and-targeted-social-cognitive-theory-variables-in-9-to-12-year-olds-during-after-school-care
#8
James J Annesi, Stephanie M Walsh, Brittney L Greenwood, Nicole Mareno, Jennifer L Unruh-Rewkowski
AIM: Childhood overweight and obesity is unacceptably high in industrialised nations. School-based interventions have largely been atheoretical and ineffective. This study aimed to test a new theory-based protocol for its effects on measures of fitness and body mass index (BMI), and its proposed psychosocial mediators, during elementary after-school (out-of-school hours) care. METHODS: Nine- to 12-year-old participants of YMCA-based after-school care in the southeastern Unites States were randomised into either the experimental Youth Fit 4 Life (YF4L) treatment group (n = 86) or a typical care group (n = 55) for 45 min/day...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031057/examining-bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-maladjustment-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-9-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, Peter Prinzie
Longitudinal bidirectional effects between parents and children are usually studied in samples of typically developing children, but remain understudied in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder. This three-wave longitudinal study examined how parents and children with autism spectrum disorder influence one another, relying on parent reports of parenting behaviors and children's problem behaviors across 9 years, in a sample of 139 youngsters (M age Time 1 = 10.2 years, 83% boys). Cross-lagged analyses indicated that children's externalizing problems at Time 1 predicted negative controlling parenting 6 years later (Time 2) that in turn predicted externalizing problems 3 years later (Time 3)...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028741/can-universal-sel-programs-benefit-universally-effects-of-the-positive-action-program-on-multiple-trajectories-of-social-emotional-and-misconduct-behaviors
#10
Robert Duncan, Isaac J Washburn, Kendra M Lewis, Niloofar Bavarian, David L DuBois, Alan C Acock, Samuel Vuchinich, Brian R Flay
Behavioral trajectories during middle childhood are predictive of consequential outcomes later in life (e.g., substance abuse, violence). Social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are designed to promote trajectories that reflect both growth in positive behaviors and inhibited development of negative behaviors. The current study used growth mixture models to examine effects of the Positive Action (PA) program on behavioral trajectories of social-emotional and character development (SECD) and misconduct using data from a cluster-randomized trial that involved 14 schools and a sample of predominately low-income, urban youth followed from 3rd through 8th grade...
December 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028654/potential-mediators-in-parenting-and-family-intervention-quality-of-mediation-analyses
#11
REVIEW
Chandni C Patel, Amanda J Fairchild, Ronald J Prinz
Parenting and family interventions have repeatedly shown effectiveness in preventing and treating a range of youth outcomes. Accordingly, investigators in this area have conducted a number of studies using statistical mediation to examine some of the potential mechanisms of action by which these interventions work. This review examined from a methodological perspective in what ways and how well the family-based intervention studies tested statistical mediation. A systematic search identified 73 published outcome studies that tested mediation for family-based interventions across a wide range of child and adolescent outcomes (i...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024861/use-of-global-positioning-system-for-physical-activity-research-in-youth-espa%C3%A3-os-adolescentes-brazil
#12
Claudia Oliveira Alberico, Jasper Schipperijn, Rodrigo S Reis
The built environment is an important factor associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior during adolescence. This study presents the methods for objective assessment of context-specific moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB), as well as describes results from the first project using such methodology in adolescents from a developing country. An initial sample of 381 adolescents was recruited from 32 census tracts in Curitiba, Brazil (2013); 80 had their homes geocoded and wore accelerometer and GPS devices for seven days...
December 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018755/the-associations-of-biculturalism-to-prosocial-tendencies-and-positive-self-evaluations
#13
Gustavo Carlo, Camille D Basilio, George P Knight
Although some research exists on biculturalism and negative adjustment, few studies have examined the mechanisms that account for the positive correlates of biculturalism in U.S. Latino youth. Two competing reverse causal models were tested. Specifically, we examined how biculturalism among 574 U.S. Mexican adolescents (n =296 girls; M = 17.84 years, SD = .46 years) was related to prosocial tendencies and positive self evaluation (i.e., self-esteem and general self-efficacy). The findings yielded supportive evidence for both reverse causal models suggesting that prosocial tendencies may mediate the relations between biculturalism and positive self evaluations, and that positive self evaluations may mediate the relations between biculturalism and prosocial tendencies...
November 2016: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018122/conceptualizing-and-measuring-safe-stable-nurturing-relationships-and-environments-in-educational-settings
#14
Lara R Robinson, Rebecca T Leeb, Melissa T Merrick, Lauren W Forbes
Most children and adolescents older than five years spend at least six hours of their day in school settings. Like parents, education professionals can promote health and protect youth from harm by providing safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a framework which posits that safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments are Essentials for Childhood and are fundamental to promoting health and well-being; protecting youth from maltreatment and other violence and victimization; and ensuring optimal, healthy development...
May 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017317/a-validation-study-of-the-automated-self-administered-24-hour-dietary-recall-for%C3%A2-children-2014-version-at-school-lunch
#15
Caroline F Krehbiel, George J DuPaul, Jessica A Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Obtaining valid and reliable estimates of usual dietary intake at a reasonable cost is a challenge in school-based nutrition research. The Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall for Children, 2014 version (ASA24 Kids-2014), a self-administered, computerized 24-hour dietary recall, offers improved feasibility over traditional interviewer-administered 24-hour recalls. OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study examined ASA24 Kids-2014's validity for measuring dietary intake from National School Lunch Program lunches...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001100/content-validity-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-used-with-pediatric-patients-with-facial-differences-a-systematic-review
#16
Natasha M Wickert, Karen W Y Wong Riff, Mark Mansour, Christopher R Forrest, Timothy E E Goodacre, Andrea L Pusic, Anne F Klassen
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this systematic review was to identify patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments used in research with children/youth with conditions associated with facial differences to identify the health concepts measured. DESIGN:   MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 2004 to 2016 to identify PRO instruments used in acne vulgaris, birthmarks, burns, ear anomalies, facial asymmetries, and facial paralysis patients. We performed a content analysis whereby the items were coded to identify concepts and categorized as positive or negative content or phrasing...
December 21, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991821/youth-serving-institutional-resources-and-neighborhood-safety-ties-with-positive-youth-development
#17
Sara Anderson, Elana R McDermott, Margaret C Elliott, Alice E Donlan, Katie Aasland, Jonathan F Zaff
Neighborhoods are critical contexts for adolescent development, but little attention has been paid to how neighborhood characteristics play a role in positive youth development (PYD), notably among predominantly African American youth. This study examined distinct features of the neighborhood, including youth-serving institutional resources (YSI) and safety, as they relate to PYD among adolescents from low-income neighborhoods in an urban setting (n = 491, 68.6% African American). Because neighborhood experiences during adolescence often differ based on gender, we also examined moderation by gender...
December 19, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991655/anger-irritability-as-a-mediator-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-risk-for-adolescent-alcohol-use-and-the-contribution-of-coping-skills
#18
Seth C Harty, Elizabeth M Gnagy, William E Pelham, Brooke S G Molina
BACKGROUND: Research on susceptibility to alcohol use disorder within the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) population has begun to expand examination of putative moderators and mediators in order to develop effective treatments. Specific dysregulated emotions have been separately associated with ADHD and with alcohol use difficulties. The current study is the first to conjointly study these variables by testing anger-irritability as a mediator of ADHD risk for adolescent alcohol use...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979748/association-of-transition-readiness-to-intentional-self-regulation-and-hopeful-future-expectations-in-youth-with-illness
#19
Laura C Hart, McLean Pollock, Sherika Hill, Gary Maslow
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how transition readiness relates to other developmental skills of adolescence in youth with chronic illness. Better understanding of how transition readiness relates to these other developmental skills could lead to a broader array of tools to improve transition readiness. Intentional self-regulation and hopeful future expectations are two developmental skills of adolescence that improve with participation in developmental programming, and thus are modifiable...
December 12, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964852/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-and-youth-through-gardening-based-interventions-a-systematic-review
#20
Mateja R Savoie-Roskos, Heidi Wengreen, Carrie Durward
Although there are numerous health benefits associated with eating fruit and vegetables (F/V), few children are consuming recommended amounts. Gardening interventions have been implemented in various settings in an effort to increase children's F/V consumption by expanding knowledge, exposure, and preferences for a variety of F/V. The purpose of this review was to identify the effectiveness of gardening interventions that have been implemented to increase F/V consumption among children. A systematic review was conducted using four electronic databases: Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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