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Positive youth development

Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
October 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Alexandra Irwin, Joyce Li, Wendy Craig, Tom Hollenstein
Youth who experience peer victimization are at risk of developing mental health problems. However, little is known about the emotional causal mechanisms linking peer victimization with these negative outcomes. This study investigated whether shame mediated this relationship. At three time points (T1-T3), 396 10- to 13-year-olds completed measures of peer victimization, shame (characterological, bodily, and behavioral; shame proneness), and mental health (depression, social anxiety, and externalizing behavior)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Karina Quevedo, Rowena Ng, Hannah Scott, Garry Smyda, Jennifer H Pfeifer, Sandra Malone
Maltreatment is associated with chronic depression, high negative self-attributions, and lifetime psychopathology. Adolescence is a sensitive period for the formation of self-concept. Identifying neurobiomarkers of self-processing in depressed adolescents with and without maltreatment may parse the effects of trauma and depression on self-development and chronic psychopathology. Depressed adolescents (n = 86) maltreated due to omission (DO, n = 13) or commission (DCM, n = 28) or without maltreatment (DC, n = 45), and HCs (HC, n = 37) appraised positive and negative self-descriptors in the scanner...
October 20, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
William Colyn, Rintje Agricola, Nele Arnout, Jan A N Verhaar, Johan Bellemans
PURPOSE: The influence of type and intensity of sports during growth on knee alignment was investigated. The second aim was to ascertain whether the distal femur or proximal tibia contribute most to knee alignment. Also, the influence of field position and leg dominancy on knee alignment in soccer players was audited. METHODS: Standardized full-leg standing digital radiographs were obtained from 100 males and 100 females on which 8 different alignment parameters were measured...
October 14, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Manuel Ángel Oscós-Sánchez, Janna Lesser, L Dolores Oscós-Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Shaina Riciputi, Meghan H McDonough, Sarah Ullrich-French
Physical activity-based positive youth development (PYD) programs often aim to foster character development. This study examined youth perspectives of character development curricula and the impact these activities have on their lives within and beyond the program. This case study examined youth from low-income families in a physical activity-based summer PYD program that integrated one character concept (respect, caring, responsibility, trust) in each of 4 weeks. Participants (N = 24) included a cross-section of age, gender, ethnicity, and past program experience...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Sarah D Corathers, Jessica C Kichler, Nora F Fino, Wei Lang, Jean M Lawrence, Jennifer K Raymond, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Dana Dabelea, Angela D Liese, Sharon H Saydah, Michael Seid, Lawrence M Dolan
Objective: This study was conducted to identify factors contributing to health satisfaction outcomes among emerging adults (ages 18-25) with diabetes. Method: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study participants whose diabetes was prevalent in 2001 and were ≥18 years of age when they completed a 2008-2009 follow-up survey (n = 340) were included. We developed a health resilience model (HRM) to identify potentially modifiable factors (anticipatory guidance, social support, physical activity, quality of life) associated with health outcomes (satisfaction with health care, overall personal health, self-report of hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c])...
October 13, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Christine L Gray, Brian W Pence, Lynne C Messer, Jan Ostermann, Rachel A Whetten, Nathan M Thielman, Karen O'Donnell, Kathryn Whetten
BACKGROUND: Communities and nations seeking to foster social responsibility in their youth are interested in understanding factors that predict and promote youth involvement in public activities. Orphans and separated children (OSC) are a vulnerable population whose numbers are increasing, particularly in resource-poor settings. Understanding whether and how OSC are engaged in civic activities is important for community and world leaders who need to provide care for OSC and ensure their involvement in sustainable development...
October 11, 2016: Globalization and Health
Jenny My Huen, Eliza Sy Lai, Angie Ky Shum, Sam Wk So, Melissa Ky Chan, Paul Wc Wong, Y W Law, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Digital game-based learning (DGBL) makes use of the entertaining power of digital games for educational purposes. Effectiveness assessment of DGBL programs has been underexplored and no attempt has been made to simultaneously model both important components of DGBL: learning attainment (ie, educational purposes of DGBL) and engagement of users (ie, entertaining power of DGBL) in evaluating program effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe and evaluate an Internet-based DGBL program, Professor Gooley and the Flame of Mind, which promotes mental health to adolescents in a positive youth development approach...
October 7, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Jane M Ussher, Duncan Rose, Janette Perz
Age is the predominant risk factor for developing prostate cancer, leading to its description as an "older man's disease." Changed sexual embodiment is a concern for men who develop prostate cancer, often compounding experiences of age-related sexual decline. Although research has examined heterosexual men's experiences of aging in the context of sexual embodiment after prostate cancer, gay and bisexual men have received little attention. This qualitative study used a material-discursive analysis, drawing on positioning theory and intersectionality, to explore constructions of aging following prostate cancer in 46 gay or bisexual men...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Sarah J Greenman, Mauri Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has found continuity for intimate partner violence, but little research has explored continuity between dating violence and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) or whether protective factors may attenuate this relationship. AIMS: This research hypothesised a positive relationship between dating violence in early adulthood and later adulthood IPV and that support and attachment would provide buffering and direct protection for this relationship...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Xavier Benarous, Yves Edel, Angèle Consoli, Julie Brunelle, Jean-François Etter, David Cohen, Yasser Khazaal
CONTEXT: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are highly prevalent among inpatient adolescents with psychiatric disorders. In this population, substance use and other psychiatric outcomes can reinforce one another. Despite the need for integrated interventions in youths with dual diagnoses, few specific instruments are available. App-based technologies have shown promising results to help reduce substance use in adolescents, but their applicability in youths with associated severe psychiatric disorders is poorly documented...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Andrea L Gold, Tomer Shechner, Madeline J Farber, Carolyn N Spiro, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine, Jennifer C Britton
BACKGROUND: Amygdala-prefrontal cortex (PFC) functional connectivity may be influenced by anxiety and development. A prior study on anxiety found age-specific dysfunction in the ventromedial PFC (vmPFC), but not amygdala, associated with threat-safety discrimination during extinction recall (Britton et al.). However, translational research suggests that amygdala-PFC circuitry mediates responses following learned extinction. Anxiety-related perturbations may emerge in functional connectivity within this circuit during extinction recall tasks...
October 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Rosario Moreno
Elopement exhibited by school-aged children with special health care needs is a relatively low frequency problem behavior with the potential for severe negative consequences for the child and family. Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, our results represent one of the first empirical studies of variables that may be associated with children with special health care needs engaging in elopement. Using data from a nationally representative sample of children with special health care needs, our results revealed two variables that were statistically significant predictors of parent-reported elopement in the past year: (1) the child's chronological age, and (2) the presence of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Nicholas L Holt, Kacey C Neely, Linda G Slater, Martin Camiré, Jean Côté, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Dany MacDonald, Leisha Strachan, Katherine A Tamminen
The overall purpose of this study was to create a model of positive youth development (PYD) through sport grounded in the extant qualitative literature. More specifically, the first objective was to review and evaluate qualitative studies of PYD in sport. The second objective was to analyze and synthesize findings from these studies. Following record identification and screening, 63 articles were retained for analysis. Meta-method analysis revealed strengths of studies were the use of multiple data collection and validity techniques, which produced high-quality data...
January 1, 2017: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Gary R Maslow, Sherika N Hill, McLean D Pollock
PURPOSE: Adolescents with childhood-onset chronic condition (COCC) are at increased risk for physical and psychological problems. Despite being at greater risk and having to deal with traumatic experiences and uncertainty, most adolescents with COCC do well across many domains. The Positive Youth Development (PYD) perspective provides a framework for examining thriving in youth and has been useful in understanding positive outcomes for general populations of youth as well as at-risk youth...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Melina M Bersamin, Deborah A Fisher, Andrew J Gaidus, Paul J Gruenewald
INTRODUCTION: School-based health centers (SBHCs) offer an efficient mechanism for delivering health services to large numbers of underserved youth; however, their availability varies across communities. Data on sociocontextual variables were analyzed to investigate factors that inhibit and facilitate SBHCs. METHODS: Secondary data from 2012 to 2015 state databases were linked to examine the association between SBHCs' presence in California high schools and demand, resource, and political conservatism at the school and community levels that may influence where SBHCs are located and the number of provided health services...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
William T Robinson, Susan M Seibold-Simpson, Hugh F Crean, Briana Spruille-White
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Teen Outreach Program, a pregnancy prevention program, in 2 community-based settings. METHODS: We evaluated the Teen Outreach Program, a 9-month positive youth development program, in 3 cohorts of youths from 2012 to 2015 in 2 states. In Louisiana, 7 agencies participated in an individualized randomized controlled trial, with youths randomly assigned to a treatment or control condition. Fourteen agencies in Rochester, New York, participated in a cluster randomized controlled trial...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Amy M Salazar, Kevin P Haggerty, Stephanie S Roe
Most youth in foster care aspire to obtain higher education, but face daunting obstacles in doing so. While societal interest and effort to support foster youth in achieving higher education has grown, very few supports have evidence to show that they are effective at improving postsecondary outcomes. In an effort to address the dearth of clearly articulated, evidence-based postsecondary support approaches for foster youth, we have developed Fostering Higher Education (FHE), a comprehensive, structured, and evaluable postsecondary access and retention intervention composed of elements (professional educational advocacy, substance abuse prevention, mentoring) that are either evidence based or promising based on the scientific literature and their ability to address the outcomes of interest...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
Kathryn Greene, Danielle Catona, Elvira Elek, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Smita C Banerjee, Michael L Hecht
This article describes formative research (a pilot study, interviews, and focus groups) conducted as part of a feasibility test of 2 versions (Analysis vs. Planning) of a brief media literacy intervention titled Youth Message Development (YMD). The intervention targets high school student alcohol use with activities to understand persuasion strategies, increase counter-arguing, and then apply these new skills to ad analysis or a more engaging ad poster planning activity. Based on the theory of active involvement (Greene, 2013), the Planning curriculum is proposed to be more effective than the Analysis curriculum...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
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