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Positive youth development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165133/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-youth-as-a-predictor-of-adult-leisure-physical-activity-among-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Hiroaki Itoh, Fumihiko Kitamura, Noriko Hagi, Tomoe Mashiko, Takehisa Matsukawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Workers in Japan are not sufficiently active; however, it remains unclear how their leisure-time physical activity habits may be developed. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship of age- and intensity-specific leisure-time physical activity in youth to adulthood leisure-time physical activity habits among Japanese workers. METHODS: In 2012, 968 workers (333 males and 635 females) from three companies and six hospitals in the Tokai region of Japan agreed to complete and submit a self-administered questionnaire...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162189/altered-ventral-striatal-medial-prefrontal-cortex-resting-state-connectivity-mediates-adolescent-social-problems-after-early-institutional-care
#2
Dominic S Fareri, Laurel Gabard-Durnam, Bonnie Goff, Jessica Flannery, Dylan G Gee, Daniel S Lumian, Christina Caldera, Nim Tottenham
Early caregiving adversity is associated with increased risk for social difficulties. The ventral striatum and associated corticostriatal circuitry, which have demonstrated vulnerability to early exposures to adversity, are implicated in many aspects of social behavior, including social play, aggression, and valuation of social stimuli across development. Here, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to assess the degree to which early caregiving adversity was associated with altered coritocostriatal resting connectivity in previously institutionalized youth (n = 41) relative to youth who were raised with their biological families from birth (n = 47), and the degree to which this connectivity was associated with parent-reported social problems...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152820/positive-peer-association-among-black-american-youth-and-the-roles-of-ethnic-identity-and-gender
#3
Dakari Quimby, Maryse Richards, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Darrick Scott, Dhara Puvar
The study examined whether peer association, a subtype of peer influence that involves the indirect modeling of behaviors, can promote positive development among Black American adolescents living in high-risk neighborhoods. Data were collected during a three-year longitudinal study from a sample of 316 Black American adolescents (M = 11.65 years). As positive peer association increased over time, youth experienced an increase in self-esteem, school connectedness, paternal and maternal closeness, and a decrease in supportive beliefs about aggression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149897/enablers-and-barriers-to-secondary-prophylaxis-for-rheumatic-fever-among-m%C3%A4-ori-aged-14-21-in-new-zealand-a-framework-method-study
#4
Hilary Barker, John G Oetzel, Nina Scott, Michelle Morley, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Keri Bolton Oetzel
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) rates have declined to near zero in nearly all developed countries. However, in New Zealand rates have not declined since the 1980s. Further, ARF diagnoses in New Zealand are inequitably distributed--occurring almost exclusively in Māori (the indigenous population) and Pacific children--with very low rates in the majority New Zealand European population. With ARF diagnosis, secondary prophylaxis is key to prevent recurrence. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceived enablers and barriers to secondary recurrence prophylaxis following ARF for Māori patients aged 14-21...
November 17, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139608/current-state-of-screening-high-ace-youth-and-emerging-adults-in-primary-care
#5
Michelle Pardee, Elizabeth Kuzma, Chin Hwa Gina Y Dahlem, Nicole Boucher, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trauma comes in many forms, including interpersonal, community, and institutional trauma. The adverse childhood event (ACE) studies demonstrated that adverse experiences in childhood can have a profound, cumulative impact on the course of health and development over a lifetime. It is critical for healthcare providers, such as nurse practitioners (NPs), working in primary care to screen adolescents and emerging adults for a history of ACEs and trauma. A review of current assessment tools used in assessing this population in health settings is needed to determine how screening for ACEs is being performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130252/i-introduction-moving-through-adolescence-developmental-trajectories-of-african-american-and-european-american-youth
#6
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Stephen C Peck, Oksana Malanchuk, Arnold J Sameroff, Jacquelynne S Eccles
In this monograph, we investigate the developmental trajectories of a predominantly middle-class, community-based sample of European American and African American adolescents growing up in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Maryland, United States. Within risk-protection and positive youth development frameworks, we selected developmental measures based on the normative tasks of adolescence and the most widely studied indicators in the three major contexts of development: families, peer groups, and schools...
December 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126965/brain-state-expression-and-transitions-are-related-to-complex-executive-cognition-in-normative-neurodevelopment
#7
John D Medaglia, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Apoorva Kelkar, Rastko Ciric, Tyler M Moore, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Danielle S Bassett
Adolescence is marked by rapid development of executive function. Mounting evidence suggests that executive function in adults may be driven by dynamic control of neurophysiological processes. Yet, how these dynamics evolve over adolescence and contribute to cognitive development is unknown. In a sample of 780 youth aged 8-22 yr (42.7% male) from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopment Cohort, we use a dynamic graph approach to extract activation states in BOLD fMRI data from 264 brain regions. We construct a graph in which each observation in time is a node and the similarity in brain states at two different times is an edge...
November 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125519/advanced-skeletal-maturity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele
#8
Ronald Roiz, Nicole M Mueske, Alexander Van Speybroeck, Deirdre D Ryan, Vicente Gilsanz, Tishya A L Wren
PURPOSE: Atypical skeletal development is common in youth with myelomeningocele (MM), though the underlying reasons have not been fully elucidated. This study assessed skeletal maturity in children and adolescents with MM and examined the effects of sex, age, sexual development, ethnicity, anthropometrics and shunt status. METHODS: Forty-three males and 35 females with MM, 6-16 years old, underwent hand radiographs for bone age determination. The difference between bone age and chronological age was evaluated using Wilcoxon sign rank tests...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113953/a-longitudinal-examination-of-event-related-potentials-sensitive-to-monetary-reward-and-loss-feedback-from-late-childhood-to-middle-adolescence
#9
Autumn Kujawa, Ashley Carroll, Emma Mumper, Dahlia Mukherjee, Ellen Kessel, Thomas Olino, Greg Hajcak, Daniel N Klein
Brain regions involved in reward processing undergo developmental changes from childhood to adolescence, and alterations in reward-related brain function are thought to contribute to the development of psychopathology. Event-related potentials (ERPs), such as the reward positivity (RewP) component, are valid measures of reward responsiveness that are easily assessed across development and provide insight into temporal dynamics of reward processing. Little work has systematically examined developmental changes in ERPs sensitive to reward...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110254/socialization-goals-parental-psychological-control-and-youth-anxiety-in-chinese-students-moderated-indirect-effects-based-on-school-type
#10
Aaron M Luebbe, Chunyue Tu, Joseph W Fredrick
With rates of adolescent anxiety on the rise in China, it is imperative to investigate whether certain parenting beliefs and practices may be related to anxiety. Specifically, we tested whether parents' socialization goals relate to parental psychological control, and subsequently, adolescents' anxiety. We also tested if attending a "key" school (i.e., more competitive and achievement-oriented) or typical school moderated relations. Two hundred forty-seven high-school students (Mage = 15.62, 57.5% girls) and a caregiver (59...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#11
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105621/adalimumab-etanercept-and-ustekinumab-for-treating-plaque-psoriasis-in-children-and-young-people-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#12
Ana Duarte, Teumzghi Mebrahtu, Pedro Saramago Goncalves, Melissa Harden, Ruth Murphy, Stephen Palmer, Nerys Woolacott, Mark Rodgers, Claire Rothery
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the skin. Adalimumab (HUMIRA(®), AbbVie, Maidenhead, UK), etanercept (Enbrel(®), Pfizer, New York, NY, USA) and ustekinumab (STELARA(®), Janssen Biotech, Inc., Titusville, NJ, USA) are the three biological treatments currently licensed for psoriasis in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab, etanercept and ustekinumab within their respective licensed indications for the treatment of plaque psoriasis in children and young people...
November 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101143/evaluation-of-a-novel-intervention-providing-insight-into-the-tobacco-industry-to-prevent-the-uptake-of-smoking-in-school-aged-children-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Lisa Szatkowski, John Taylor, Amy Taylor, Sarah Lewis, Qi Wu, Steve Parrott, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Linda Bauld, Laura L Jones, Manpreet Bains
OBJECTIVES: Evidence from the US Truth campaign suggests that interventions focusing on tobacco industry practices and ethics may be effective in preventing youth smoking uptake. We developed, piloted and evaluated a school-based intervention based on this premise. METHODS: Exploratory study students in years 7-8 (aged 11-13) in two UK schools received Operation Smoke Storm, comprising three 50 min classroom-based sessions in year 7, an accompanying family booklet and a 1-hour classroom-based booster session in year 8...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094978/racial-identity-in-the-context-of-pubertal-development-implications-for-adjustment
#14
Rona Carter, Eleanor K Seaton, Deborah Rivas-Drake
The developmental significance of youths' racial identities during adolescence is well established. It is less clear how puberty, a normative process, influences the relationship between racial identity and adjustment outcomes during adolescence. This study examined whether puberty moderates the relationship between racial identity dimensions and internalizing and externalizing outcomes, and whether the effects of puberty and racial identity on internalizing and externalizing outcomes vary by child sex. Data are drawn from African American families (N = 176; 48% female) who participated in Waves 4 and 5 of Phase III of the NICHD SECCYD...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093054/sexual-media-and-childhood-well-being-and-health
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca L Collins, Victor C Strasburger, Jane D Brown, Edward Donnerstein, Amanda Lenhart, L Monique Ward
Sexual content is highly prevalent in traditional media, and portrayals rarely depict the responsibilities and risks (eg, condom use, pregnancy) associated with sexual activity. Exposure to such content is linked with shifts in attitudes about sex and gender, earlier progression to sexual activity, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infection among adolescents. However, little information is available about moderators and mediators of these effects. We also know little about digital media, their sex-related content, and their potential influence on youth...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093053/social-group-stories-in-the-media-and-child-development
#16
REVIEW
Karen E Dill-Shackleford, Srividya Ramasubramanian, Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Erica Scharrer, Melinda C R Burgess, Dafna Lemish
How do children and youth come to understand what it means to be a member of a particular race, gender, and other social groups? How do they come to hold beliefs about the groups that they do and do not belong to? Both news stories and fictional narratives that we are tuned into as a culture tell stories about what it means to be a member of a particular social group. In this review article, we relate the latest scientific knowledge on news and entertainment media representations of race, gender and other social categories and what they tell us about how these messages are taken in and processed by developing minds...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093047/digital-media-participatory-politics-and-positive-youth-development
#17
REVIEW
Ellen Middaugh, Lynn Schofield Clark, Parissa J Ballard
Research on the social implications of adolescent technology use often focuses on identifying and preventing risk. However, adolescence is also a time of rapidly expanding capacities, expectations of autonomy, and identity exploration. In this article, we highlight findings from research in the field of youth civic development, which point to the importance of youth civic engagement during adolescence for later adult civic engagement as well as for promoting positive developmental outcomes. Researchers suggest that certain forms of Internet use (such as information seeking, social network site use, media production, and participation in online communities) promote civic engagement and that digital tools play an important role in youth empowerment efforts...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092080/disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-in-south-india-perspectives-of-caregivers
#18
Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Kayur Mehta, G N Sanjeeva, Anita Shet
This study was designed to examine the rates of HIV serostatus disclosure in a sample of HIV-infected children in the state of Karnataka in South India, their reactions to learning their HIV-positive status and the reasons for and barriers to disclosure from the point of view of their caregivers. We enrolled 233 HIV-infected children, aged 5-18 years and their caregivers between July 2011 and February 2013 at HIV clinics in three tertiary care centers. Caregiver interviews included information about demographic characteristics, medical history, type of disclosure to the child and other related factors, including disclosure barriers...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077873/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-intervention
#19
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Susanna Crowell McQuarrie, Bonney Reed-Knight
Objective: Nurse burnout is a significant issue, with repercussions for the nurse, patients, and health-care system. Our prior mixed-methods analyses helped inform a model of burnout in nurses working with youth with chronic pain. Our aims were to (a) detail the development of an intervention to decrease burnout; (b) evaluate the intervention's feasibility and acceptability; and (c) provide preliminary outcomes on the intervention. Method: In total, 33 nurses working on a pediatric inpatient care unit that admits patients with chronic pain conditions participated in the single-session 90-min groups (eight to nine nurses per group)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074344/a-comparison-of-game-play-characteristics-between-elite-youth-and-senior-australian-national-rugby-league-competitions
#20
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Wade H Sinclair, Kevin Till, Leesa Pearce, Anthony S Leicht
OBJECTIVES: To compare game-play characteristics between elite youth and senior Australian National Rugby League (NRL) competitions. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 12 team performance indicators (e.g., 'all runs', 'offloads' and 'tackles') extracted from all 2016 national under 20 (U20) competition (elite youth; n=372 observations) and National Rugby League (NRL) (elite senior; n=378 observations) matches...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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