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Positive youth development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919943/-identification-of-positive-youth-development-interventions
#1
Lili M Sardiñas, Viviana Padilla, Mari Aponte, Ana Morales Boscio, Coralee Pérez Pedrogo, Betzaida Santiago, Ángela Pérez Morales, Paloma Torres Dávila, Marizaida Sánchez Cesáreo
There are more people in the world in the youth stage of development than in any other stage of development. The youth in Puerto Rico faces many situations that affect their development and readiness for adulthood. Therefore, it's imperative to identify evidence-based positive youth development interventions to develop practices that help young people prevent adverse situations, promote positive experiences and encourage children and young people to be involved and committed. One hundred and forty seven interventions were identified through a traditional scientific literature review...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919824/strengthening-participation-by-young-women-sex-workers-in-hiv-programs-reflections-on-a-study-from-bangkok-thailand
#2
Cath Conn, Kristel Modderman, Shoba Nayar
BACKGROUND: Participation is an accepted means of increasing the effectiveness of public health programs, and as such, it is considered an important component of HIV interventions targeting at-risk youth. The situation of young women sex workers in Thailand is alarming on many fronts, including that of HIV risk. As a result, HIV programs in Thailand are the key interventions undertaken in relation to young women sex workers' health. A small-scale study used semistructured interviews to explore the participation reports of five young women sex workers, as well as the related views of two community support workers, who lived and worked in Bangkok, Thailand...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#3
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913851/pathways-to-housing-policy-translating-research-to-policy-to-achieve-impact-on-well-being
#4
Bryan Samuels
Policy emerges from the legislative, agency, and practice levels and from several pathways, including litigation; high profile or tragic events; community-based service provision and practice innovations; and research evidence. This commentary places an emphasis throughout on discussions of the articles included in this issue. It explores pathways that influenced the development of housing policy targeting child and family well being and provides examples to illustrate each pathway. The article further highlights how research on housing and child well being has influenced policy and practice and notes gaps for further research...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906315/development-of-the-aim-to-decrease-anxiety-and-pain-treatment-adapt-for-pediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders
#5
Natoshia Raishevich Cunningham, Sarah Nelson, Anjana Jagpal, Erin Moorman, Michael Farrell, Scott Pentiuk, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Aim to Decrease Anxiety and Pain Treatment (ADAPT), a brief, on-line and in-person behavioral intervention targeting pain and anxiety in youth with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD). METHODS: Patients were recruited from several outpatient pediatric gastroenterology clinics. Nine participants (ages 9-13) completed the full protocol. Thematic analysis of detailed qualitative feedback was obtained via semi-structured patient and caregiver interviews after treatment was conducted...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899889/neck-circumference-and-clustered-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#6
José Castro-Piñero, Alvaro Delgado-Alfonso, Luis Gracia-Marco, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, Víctor Segura-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, such as obesity, is crucial to prevent adverse long-term effects on individuals' health. Therefore, the aims were: (1) to explore the robustness of neck circumference (NC) as a predictor of CVD and examine its association with numerous anthropometric and body composition indices and (2) to release sex and age-specific NC cut-off values to classify youths as overweight/obese. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891382/an-investigation-of-the-factors-related-to-low-parent-adolescent-attachment-security-in-taiwan
#7
Chen-Jung Chen, Huei-Chuan Sung, Yi-Chang Chen, Chih-Hung Wang
BACKGROUND: Adolescence may involve increases in many behavioral problems and psychosocial maladaptation. Adolescents must successfully cope with these challenges to achieve positive developmental milestones. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether low parental attachment security among adolescents in Taiwan is associated with their demographic characteristics, psychosocial maladaptation, and depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. A total of 335 adolescents completed the questionnaires...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891331/development-of-an-observational-measure-of-therapy-engagement-for-pediatric-rehabilitation
#8
Gillian King, Lisa A Chiarello, Laura Thompson, Matthew J W McLarnon, Eric Smart, Jenny Ziviani, Madhu Pinto
PURPOSE: The Pediatric Rehabilitation Intervention Measure of Engagement-Observation (PRIME-O) version was designed to capture signs of affective, cognitive and behavioral involvement for clients and service providers and in the client-provider interaction. METHODS: Phase 1 examined interrater consensus and construct validity of a pilot version, using observer ratings of engagement indicators made while viewing videos of therapy sessions differing in high and low engagement (Sample 1)...
September 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888503/adolescent-smoking-prevention-feasibility-and-effect-of-participatory-video-production
#9
Eunhee Park, Pamela A Kulbok, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emily Drake, Michael J Kennedy
PURPOSE: This study tested whether a youth participatory video production program for smoking prevention is feasible and effective. DESIGN AND METHODS: A participatory video production program was implemented in eight twice-weekly sessions at a youth summer camp in a community center in a low-income neighborhood. Twenty-three youths participated. Descriptive statistics and a qualitative analysis were conducted to test the feasibility of the program by assessing attendance rates, the time and resources required, reasons for participation, and program satisfaction using checklists and interviews...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886862/understanding-positive-immigrant-youth-adaptation-in-the-context-of-multiculturalism
#10
David L Sam
This commentary highlights some of the strengths of the papers in this special issue focusing on how they advance acculturation research; how they link immigrant youth research with positive youth development and how they provide some insights into understanding how immigrant youth thrive in their adoptive societies. The commentary takes as its point of departure the prototypical research question for immigrant youth research within the perspective of positive youth development and the ultimate goals of acculturation research, i...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880723/the-effects-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-positive-and-negative-affect-in-early-adolescents
#11
Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lotte Theuwis, Caroline Braet
Recent research suggests that impaired emotion regulation (ER) may play an important role in the development of youth psychopathology. However, little research has explored the effects of ER strategies on affect in early adolescents. In Study 1 (n = 76), we examined if early adolescents are able to use distraction and whether the effects of this strategy are similar to talking to one's mother. In Study 2 (n = 184), we compared the effects of distraction, cognitive reappraisal, acceptance, and rumination...
September 7, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876528/the-links-between-youth-employment-and-educational-attainment-across-racial-groups
#12
NaYoung Hwang, Thurston Domina
Research suggests that the relations between adolescent employment and youth development vary by socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity. However, it is unclear whether the links between paid work and college outcomes vary by either SES or race/ethnicity, or both. Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study, we find that low-intensity work during high school is associated with positive college outcomes for almost all students, whereas the associations between high-intensity work and negative postsecondary outcomes are mostly limited to White students...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874944/using-geospatial-mapping-to-determine-the-impact-of-all-terrain-vehicle-crashes-on-both-rural-and-urban-communities
#13
Evelyn S Qin, Charles A Jennissen, Caroline A Wadman, Gerene M Denning
INTRODUCTION: Deaths and injuries from all-terrain vehicle (ATV) crashes result in approximately 700 deaths each year and more than 100,000 emergency department (ED) visits. Common misconceptions about ATV crashes are a significant barrier to injury prevention efforts, as is the lack of key information about where and how crashes occur. The purpose of this study was to determine ATV crash patterns within a state, and to compare and contrast characteristics of these crashes as a function of crash-site rurality...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871361/are-negative-peer-influences-domain-specific-examining-the-influence-of-peers-and-parents-on-externalizing-and-drug-use-behaviors
#14
Ronald B Cox, Michael M Criss, Amanda W Harrist, Martha Zapata-Roblyer
Most studies tend to characterize peer influences as either positive or negative. In a sample of 1815 youth from 14 different schools in Caracas, Venezuela, we explored how two types of peer affiliations (i.e., deviant and drug-using peers) differentially mediated the paths from positive parenting to youth's externalizing behavior and licit and illicit drug use. We used Zero Inflated Poisson models to test the probability of use and the extent of use during the past 12 months. Results suggested that peer influences are domain specific among Venezuelan youth...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869861/dimensions-of-organized-activity-involvement-among-latino-youth-impact-on-well-being
#15
Maria D Guzmán-Rocha, Dorothy L McLeod, Amy M Bohnert
Well-being, including self- and academic perceptions, is a key element of Latino adolescents' experiences. One factor that may be related to well-being among Latino adolescents is organized activity (OA) involvement. Drawing on a risk and resilience framework and utilizing principles of positive youth development, the current study aimed to examine this relation using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) with nested data from 660 Latino-identified youth in the National Education Longitudinal Study: 88 (NELS:88)...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865597/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-youth-risk-factors-and-protective-connectedness-factors
#16
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated differences in prevalence of repetitive nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and a suicide attempt among youth who identified as bisexual, gay/lesbian, and questioning. In addition, we examined which types of social connections were associated with reduced risk of repetitive NSSI and suicidality among youth who identified with a specific sexual minority group. METHODS: Data came from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. The analytic sample included 77,758 students in grades 9 and 11...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863266/development-of-a-systems-science-curriculum-to-engage-rural-african-american-teens-in-understanding-and-addressing-childhood-obesity-prevention
#17
Leah Frerichs, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Tiffany L Young, Gaurav Dave, Doris Stith, Giselle Corbie-Smith
Engaging youth from racial and ethnic minority communities as leaders for change is a potential strategy to mobilize support for addressing childhood obesity, but there are limited curricula designed to help youth understand the complex influences on obesity. Our aim was to develop and pilot test a systems science curriculum to elicit rural African American youth perspectives on childhood obesity and enhance their understanding of and support for obesity prevention solutions. The curriculum was designed so it could be integrated with existing positive youth development curricula that help youth advocate for and implement identified solutions...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851237/-she-gave-me-the-confidence-to-open-up-bridging-communication-by-promotoras-in-a-childhood-obesity-intervention-for-latino-families
#18
Jennifer Falbe, Lily E Friedman, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Hannah R Thompson, Nicole K Tantoco, Kristine A Madsen
Childhood obesity is a public health threat that disproportionally affects Latino youth in the United States. Active and Healthy Families (AHF) is a culturally tailored, family-based program for addressing obesity disparities in a predominantly immigrant Latino population. AHF was the first primary care, culturally tailored intervention for Latino children to significantly reduce BMI in a randomized controlled trial. The 10-week AHF intervention reduced BMI (kg/m(2)) among overweight or obese children by 0...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#19
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840363/long-term-effectiveness-of-the-question-persuade-refer-qpr-suicide-prevention-gatekeeper-training-program-lessons-from-missouri
#20
Clay Litteken, Elizabeth Sale
Suicide in Missouri is a significant public health issue that has taken the lives of 8351 individuals over the last decade. The recognition of suicide as an imminent concern has led to the development of evidence-based prevention programs to decrease suicide-related mortality. One program, question, persuade, refer (QPR), has become the most widely-distributed gatekeeper training program in the world. This article presents both immediate and 2-year follow-up analyses of QPR trainees who work with youth, specifically examining changes in knowledge, self-efficacy, and help-giving behaviors...
August 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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