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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#1
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792495/first-grade-classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-teaching-practices-academic-skills-and-executive-functioning
#2
Tashia Abry, Kristen L Granger, Crystal I Bryce, Michelle Taylor, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and a model-building approach, the authors examined direct and indirect associations between first-grade (G1) classroom-level adversity (CLA), G1 teaching practices, and student (N = 1,073; M = 6.64 years; 49% girls; 82% White) academic skills and executive functioning in G1 and third grades (G3). Teachers reported the prevalence of adversity among their students (e.g., poor home/family life, poor academic/social readiness)...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792490/generalizability-of-a-traditional-social-cognitive-model-of-prosocial-behaviors-to-u-s-latino-a-youth
#3
Gustavo Carlo, Cara Streit, Lisa Crockett
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parental and peer support, empathy-related traits, and prosocial moral reasoning would positively predict altruistic prosocial behaviors, and negatively predict selfish-motivated prosocial behaviors, in U.S. Latino youth. METHOD: Three-hundred and 6 U.S. Latina/o adolescents (M age = 15.50 years; SD = .42 years; 46% girls; 81.0% self-identified as U.S. Mexican) from communities in the Northern Great Plains completed measures of parental and peer support, perspective taking and empathic concern, prosocial moral reasoning, and two types of prosocial behaviors...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790057/are-youth-sport-talent-identification-and-development-systems-necessary-and-healthy
#4
Fieke Rongen, Jim McKenna, Stephen Cobley, Kevin Till
Talent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youth athletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes can "make it," the necessity and healthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, and competition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issues associated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented...
May 22, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788085/involving-young-people-in-health-promotion-research-and-policy-making-practical-recommendations
#5
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Aixa Y Aleman-Diaz, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Youth is a dynamic and complex transition period in life where many factors jeopardise its present and future health. Youth involvement enables young people to influence processes and decisions that affect them, leading to changes in themselves and their environment (e.g. peers, services, communities and policies); this strategy could be applied to improve health and prevent diseases. Nonetheless, scientific evidence of involving youth in health-related programmes is scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe youth involvement as a health promotion strategy and to compile practical recommendations for health promoters, researchers and policy-makers interested in successful involvement of young people in health-related programmes...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788083/evaluation-of-an-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-and-their-parents-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#6
Mike K Kemani, Marie Kanstrup, Abbie Jordan, Line Caes, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Objective: Parental factors are central in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in youths. Only a handful of studies have investigated the impact of psychological treatments for pediatric chronic pain on parental factors, and the relationships between changes in parental and adolescent factors. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of an intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for adolescents with chronic pain, on adolescent and parental variables, and the relationship between parental psychological flexibility and adolescent pain acceptance...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777827/is-reward-prediction-error-encoding-reliable-during-development
#7
Hanna Keren, Gang Chen, Brenda Benson, Monique Ernst, Ellen Leibenluft, Nathan A Fox, Daniel S Pine, Argyris Stringaris
Reward Prediction Errors (RPEs), defined as the difference between the expected and received outcomes, are integral to reinforcement learning models and play an important role in development and psychopathology. In humans, RPE encoding can be estimated using fMRI recordings, however, a basic measurement property of RPE signals, their test-retest reliability across different time scales, remains an open question. In this paper, we examine the 3-month and 3-year reliability of RPE encoding in youth (mean age at baseline = 10...
May 16, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760578/development-and-evaluation-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-positive-affect-item-bank-child-report-and-parent-proxy-editions
#8
Christopher B Forrest, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Janine Devine, Brandon D Becker, Rachel Teneralli, JeanHee Moon, Adam Carle, Carole A Tucker, Katherine B Bevans
Objective: The purpose of this study is to describe the psychometric evaluation and item response theory calibration of the PROMIS Pediatric Positive Affect item bank, child-report and parent-proxy editions. Methods: The initial item pool comprising 53 items, previously developed using qualitative methods, was administered to 1,874 children 8-17 years old and 909 parents of children 5-17 years old. Analyses included descriptive statistics, reliability, factor analysis, differential item functioning, and construct validity...
March 2018: Journal of Happiness Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748900/ehealth-familias-unidas-efficacy-trial-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-adapted-for-use-on-the-internet-with-hispanic-families
#9
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rachel Wagstaff, Lourdes M Rojas, Maria I Tapia, Maria Rosa Velázquez, Krystal Sardinas, Hilda Pantin, Madeline Y Sutton, Guillermo Prado
While substance use and sexual risk behaviors among Hispanic youth continue to be public health concerns, few evidence-based preventive interventions are developed for and implemented with Hispanic/Latino youth. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of eHealth Familias Unidas, an Internet adaptation of an evidence-based family intervention for Hispanics. A randomized controlled trial design (n = 230) was used to evaluate intervention effects on substance use and condomless sex among a sample of Hispanic eighth graders with behavioral problems...
May 10, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747064/a-changing-child-welfare-workforce-what-worker-characteristics-are-valued-in-child-welfare
#10
Kristen Lwin, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, John Fluke, Faye Mishna
A child welfare system is responsible for making difficult decisions. Child welfare workers are charged with assessing and determining when a child is in need of protection, including when it is necessary to intervene on behalf of children when their caregivers' abilities and/or situation is deemed to put them at risk of abuse or neglect. Although the child welfare workforce in Ontario attended to an estimated 125,281 child maltreatment investigations in 2013, little is known about the skills, education, and experiences of these investigating workers...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738960/verbal-and-physical-client-aggression-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-professional-caregivers-psychophysiological-stress-response-and-burnout
#11
Nina Kind, Anne Eckert, Célia Steinlin, Jörg M Fegert, Marc Schmid
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of verbal and physical client aggression on risk of developing high hair cortisol concentration (HCC) as an indicator of chronic stress exposure and burnout in a Swiss population of professional caregivers working in youth residential care. METHOD: Participants (n = 121; 62.0% women) reported on client aggression and burnout symptoms and provided hair samples at four annual sampling points. HCC was determined in the first 1...
May 2, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730941/emotional-reactivity-to-daily-events-in-youth-with-anxiety-disorders
#12
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
May 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725587/do-programs-for-runaway-and-homeless-youth-work-a-qualitative-exploration-from-the-perspectives-of-youth-clients-in-diverse-settings
#13
Marya Gwadz, Robert M Freeman, Alexandra H Kutnick, Elizabeth Silverman, Amanda S Ritchie, Charles M Cleland, Noelle R Leonard, Aradhana Srinagesh, Jamie Powlovich, James Bolas
Runaway and homeless youth (RHY) comprise a large population of young people who reside outside the control and protection of parents and guardians and who experience numerous traumas and risk factors, but few buffering resources. Specialized settings have developed to serve RHY, but little is known about their effects. The present cross-sectional qualitative descriptive study, grounded in the positive youth development approach and the Youth Program Quality Assessment model, addressed this gap in the literature...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719404/effects-of-interactive-teaching-on-university-students-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-reproductive-health-a-pilot-study-in-jordan
#14
Reem A Ali, Ahlam Alnatour, Karimeh Alnuaimi, Fatmeh Alzoubi, Maysa Almomani, Areej Othman
Background: Youths in Jordan lack knowledge related to reproductive health (RH). Interactive teaching methods showed positive results in enhancing health awareness and adopting healthy practices among students. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of interactive teaching in promoting health awareness of RH among nonmedical university students in Jordan. Methods: We employed a quasi-experimental one group pretest and posttest design for a purposive sample of 210 students (18-24 years)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718535/vigilant-attention-to-threat-sleep-patterns-and-anxiety-in-peripubertal-youth
#15
Emily J Ricketts, Rebecca B Price, Greg J Siegle, Jennifer S Silk, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Allison G Harvey, Neal D Ryan, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin
BACKGROUND: Vigilant attention to threat is commonly observed in anxiety, undergoes developmental changes in early adolescence, and has been proposed to interfere with sleep initiation and maintenance. We present one of the first studies to use objective measures to examine associations between vigilant attention to threat and difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep in an early adolescent anxious sample. We also explore the moderating role of development (age, puberty) and sex. METHODS: Participants were 66 peripubertal youth (ages 9-14) with a primary anxiety disorder and 24 healthy control subjects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713840/using-goal-achievement-training-in-juvenile-justice-settings-to-improve-substance-use-services-for-youth-on-community-supervision
#16
Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Jennifer E Becan, Philip W Harris, Alexis Nager, Connie Baird-Thomas, Aaron Hogue, John P Bartkowski, Tisha Wiley
BACKGROUND: The link between substance use and involvement in the juvenile justice system has been well established. Justice-involved youth tend to have higher rates of drug use than their non-offending peers. At the same time, continued use can contribute to an elevated risk of recidivism, which leads to further, and oftentimes more serious, involvement with the juvenile justice system. Because of these high rates of use, the juvenile justice system is well positioned to help identify youth with substance use problems and connect them to treatment...
April 30, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713839/participation-in-hiv-behavioral-research-unanticipated-benefits-and-burdens
#17
Susan Tross, Veronica Pinho, Jennifer E Lima, Megan Ghiroli, Katherine S Elkington, David H Strauss, Milton L Wainberg
HIV behavioral research has provided an invaluable knowledge base for effective approaches to behavioral challenges along the HIV care cascade. Little attention has been paid to tracking unanticipated effects of research participation, whether negative or positive. We used qualitative methods to elicit impressions of unanticipated effects of participation in behavioral research. An instrument was developed and piloted to assess positive (emotional gains, practical gains, HIV prevention knowledge and skills gains) and negative (emotional stress, discomfort with research) unanticipated effects...
April 30, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712626/a-gamified-smartphone-app-to-support-engagement-in-care-and-medication-adherence-for-hiv-positive-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-allyquest-development-and-pilot-study
#18
Lisa Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn Muessig, Kelly Knudtson, Mala Srivatsa, Ellena Lawrence, Sara LeGrand, Anna Hotten, Sybil Hosek
BACKGROUND: HIV disproportionately impacts young men who have sex with men (YMSM) who experience disparities across the HIV care continuum. Addressing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among YMSM is an urgent public health priority. Technology-based interventions-particularly mobile health platforms-can provide tailored adherence interventions and allow YMSM to engage and connect with others. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the development of AllyQuest, a novel, theoretically-based, smartphone app designed to improve engagement in care and ART adherence and social support among HIV-positive YMSM...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704652/adolescent-predictors-of-social-and-coping-drinking-motives-in-early-adulthood
#19
Chelsie D Temmen, Lisa J Crockett
Although motivations to use alcohol have been shown to predict alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, little is known about how drinking motives develop. This study identified antecedents in adolescence of social and coping motives for drinking in early adulthood. Data came from a longitudinal study of youths in the eastern U.S. (N = 451) followed from secondary school into early adulthood (52.4% female; Mage = 23.01; SD = 1.03). In a structural equation analysis, frequency of drunkenness and peer alcohol use positively predicted young adult social motives, whereas only frequency of drunkenness predicted coping motives...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703993/cortical-inhibitory-markers-of-lifetime-suicidal-behavior-in-depressed-adolescents
#20
Charles P Lewis, Paul A Nakonezny, Caren J Blacker, Jennifer L Vande Voort, John D Port, Gregory A Worrell, Hang Joon Jo, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Paul E Croarkin
Although suicide is the second-leading cause of death in adolescents and young adults worldwide, little progress has been made in developing reliable biological markers of suicide risk and suicidal behavior. Converging evidence suggests that excitatory and inhibitory cortical processes mediated by the neurotransmitters glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are dysregulated in suicidal individuals. This study utilized single- and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to assess excitatory and inhibitory cortical functioning in healthy control adolescents (n = 20), depressed adolescents without any history of suicidal behavior ("Depressed", n = 37), and depressed adolescents with lifetime history of suicidal behavior ("Depressed+SB", n = 17)...
March 14, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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