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Positive youth development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#1
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729236/adolescents-perspectives-on-personalized-e-feedback-in-the-context-of-health-risk-behavior-screening-for-primary-care-qualitative-study
#2
Garret G Zieve, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Electronic health screening tools for primary care present an opportunity to go beyond data collection to provide education and feedback to adolescents in order to motivate behavior change. However, there is limited research to guide feedback message development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore youth perceptions of and preferences for receiving personalized feedback for multiple health risk behaviors and reinforcement for health promoting behaviors from an electronic health screening tool for primary care settings, using qualitative methodology...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#3
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712730/social-processing-in-early-adolescence-associations-between-neurophysiological-self-report-and-behavioral-measures
#4
Autumn Kujawa, Ellen M Kessel, Ashley Carroll, Kodi B Arfer, Daniel N Klein
Peer relationships play a major role in adolescent development, but few methods exist for measuring social processing at the neurophysiological level. This study extends our pilot study of Island Getaway, a task for eliciting event-related potentials (ERPs) to peer feedback. We differentiated ERPs using principal components analysis (PCA) and examined associations with behavioral and self-report measures in young adolescents (N=412). PCA revealed an early negativity in the ERP enhanced for rejection feedback, followed by a series of positivities (consistent with reward positivity [RewP], P300, and late positive potential) that were enhanced for acceptance feedback...
July 13, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#5
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707498/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-men-s-lacrosse-implications-for-level-type-of-play-and-position
#6
Kim Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Hinton, Adam Kushner, Greg Myer
OBJECTIVE: The growth in participation in men's lacrosse has increased the likelihood of sport-specific injuries. Despite the exponential growth in men's lacrosse participation, there continues to be a need for specific epidemiological data concerning lacrosse injuries. The sport's rapid growth in participation could have a profound effect on injury prevalence characteristics. The purpose of this literature review is to aggregate available published data on injuries that occur in the sport of men's lacrosse at the youth, high school, collegiate, and professional levels...
July 14, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699265/effects-of-harsh-parenting-and-positive-parenting-practices-on-youth-aggressive-behavior-the-moderating-role-of-early-pubertal-timing
#7
Frances R Chen, Adrian Raine
Prior research indicates that early pubertal timing is associated with aggressive behavior, particularly in the context of adversity as postulated in the contextual amplification hypothesis. However, few studies have examined harsh parenting as the context for the effect of early pubertal timing. Even fewer studies have tested the interactive effect of early pubertal timing and positive parenting on aggressive behavior. In this study, we tested the proposition that early pubertal timing, contrary to the general conception of it as a vulnerability, indexed susceptibility, and thus early maturing individuals were affected more by their environment in a "for better and for worse" manner...
July 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692954/process-variables-predicting-changes-in-adolescent-alcohol-consumption-and-mental-health-symptoms-following-personality-targeted-interventions
#8
Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Robert O Pihl, Patricia J Conrod
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify key process variables that are associated with changes in alcohol consumption and mental health symptoms over 12months following personality-targeted interventions in youth. METHOD: 154 high-risk youth (aged 12-13years) in 7 Montreal high schools were identified using the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale and participated in personality-matched interventions. Preliminary process variables were identified using a combination of psychotherapy process variables and youth-generated (qualitative) feedback immediately post-intervention...
July 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686489/adolescent-experiences-of-clinician-patient-hiv-sti-communication-in-primary-care
#9
David Córdova, Frania Mendoza Lua, Lauretta Ovadje, Kathryn Fessler, José A Bauermeister, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Youth Leadership Council
Effective clinician-patient communication is linked to positive patient health outcomes in adults, yet the research on adolescent populations remains limited. We describe adolescent experiences of clinician-patient HIV/STI communication through qualitative interviews with predominantly African-American adolescent women from a youth-centered primary care clinic. Participants described acknowledging clinicians are professionals, the importance of confidentiality to foster clinician-adolescent communication, and calling for clinician-initiated HIV/STI communication...
July 7, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685826/promoting-positive-youth-development-through-school-based-social-and-emotional-learning-interventions-a-meta-analysis-of-follow-up-effects
#10
Rebecca D Taylor, Eva Oberle, Joseph A Durlak, Roger P Weissberg
This meta-analysis reviewed 82 school-based, universal social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions involving 97,406 kindergarten to high school students (Mage  = 11.09 years; mean percent low socioeconomic status = 41.1; mean percent students of color = 45.9). Thirty-eight interventions took place outside the United States. Follow-up outcomes (collected 6 months to 18 years postintervention) demonstrate SEL's enhancement of positive youth development. Participants fared significantly better than controls in social-emotional skills, attitudes, and indicators of well-being...
July 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685825/positive-youth-development-as-a-strategy-for-addressing-readiness-and-equity-a-commentary
#11
Karen J Pittman
Attention to addressing child and youth disparities associated with race, gender, and class has significantly increased the demand for guidance on how to help local systems and organizations that already serve low-income youth and youth of color sharpen program components and improve program practices in ways that address the broader and often more complex needs of these populations. In this commentary, the author reflects on how the research findings and themes in the articles included in the special section (a) advance our ability to answer specific questions such as how to improve social skill growth among trauma-exposed children and (b) reinforce the importance of continuing to link positive youth development to the tenets of program quality and self-transformation...
July 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682180/care-coordination-services-a-description-of-an-alternative-service-model-for-at-risk-families
#12
Lauren Anderson, Jay L Ringle, Stephanie D Ingram, Jordan R Ross, Ronald W Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe a care coordination model that includes promising practices which are supported by both practice-based and research-based evidence. This model was developed to address the gaps of other models, namely an emphasis on skill teaching with parents, the flexibility to adapt to the needs of youth with a wide variety of presenting problems, and model fidelity assessment tools to help scale up the program across multiple locations with fidelity...
July 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675814/gender-violence-and-resilience-among-ugandan-adolescents
#13
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini Pala, Devin Faris, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Karen Devries, Dipak Naker
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development. This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from 3706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: Emotional Support; Family Connectedness; School Connectedness; Social Assets; and Psychological Assets...
July 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667501/a-review-of-hip-hop-based-interventions-for-health-literacy-health-behaviors-and-mental-health
#14
Cendrine Robinson, Elizabeth L Seaman, LaTrice Montgomery, Adia Winfrey
OBJECTIVE: African-American children and adolescents experience an undue burden of disease for many health outcomes compared to their White peers. More research needs to be completed for this priority population to improve their health outcomes and ameliorate health disparities. Integrating hip hop music or hip hop dance into interventions may help engage African-American youth in health interventions and improve their health outcomes. We conducted a review of the literature to characterize hip hop interventions and determine their potential to improve health...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665876/adolescents-young-people-and-the-90-90-90-goals-a-call-to-improve-hiv-testing-and-linkage-to-treatment
#15
Vincent J Wong, Kate R Murray, B Ryan Phelps, Sten H Vermund, Donna R McCarraher
: The current low rates of HIV diagnosis and treatment initiation among adolescents and young people ages 15-24 continues to present a significant challenge to the epidemic control of HIV. With a 'business as usual' approach to HIV testing and linkage to treatment, new infections among adolescents and youth will likely increase, with the burden compounded by the increasing number of youth in Africa, expected to reach 293 million by 2025. Recent studies reveal significant gaps in the HIV clinical cascade among young people as the global community pursues the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS 90-90-90 targets...
July 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664312/is-the-scoutreach-initiative-of-boy-scouts-of-america-linked-to-character-development-among-socioeconomically-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-youth-initial-explorations
#16
Jun Wang, Robey B Champine, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Rachel M Hershberg, Daniel J Warren, Brian M Burkhard, Shaobing Su, Richard M Lerner
Youth development programs represent key tools in the work of youth-serving practitioners and researchers who strive to promote character development and other attributes of youth thriving, particularly among youth who may confront structural and social challenges related to their racial, ethnic, and/or economic backgrounds. This article conducts secondary analyses of two previously reported studies of a relatively recent innovation in Boy Scouts of America (BSA) developed for youth from low-income communities, Scoutreach...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663104/causal-effects-of-transitions-to-adult-roles-on-early-adult-smoking-and-drinking-evidence-from-three-cohorts
#17
Michael J Green, Alastair H Leyland, Helen Sweeting, Michaela Benzeval
Transitions into work and family roles have become increasingly delayed as participation in tertiary education widens. Such transitions may have adverse or beneficial effects on health behaviours such as smoking and drinking (alcohol). Role socialisation effects may reduce smoking or drinking, but clustering of transitions may lead to role overload, weakening or reversing any role socialisation effects. Effects of transitions were examined in three UK cohorts: the 1958 National Child Development Study, the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study, and the West of Scotland: Twenty-07 Youth Cohort (from around Glasgow, growing up in the same time period as the 1970 cohort)...
June 17, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660472/associations-between-screen-based-activity-spiritual-well-being-and-life-satisfaction-among-adolescents
#18
Sunwoo Lee, Ivo Jirásek
The current study examined how screen-based activity is related to spiritual well-being and life satisfaction among Czech adolescents, age ranged between 11 and 15 years. Results indicated that spending time on screen-based activities was predictive for spiritual well-being, but did not have a decisive effect on life satisfaction. We also found that spiritual well-being was significantly related to life satisfaction. Findings suggest that we ought to pay more attention to the influence of time spending on screen-based activities on spiritual well-being among adolescents to promote positive youth development...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659456/pilot-rct-results-of-an-mhealth-hiv-prevention-program-for-sexual-minority-male-adolescents
#19
Michele L Ybarra, Tonya L Prescott, Gregory L Phillips, Sheana S Bull, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Guy2Guy (G2G) is the first comprehensive HIV prevention program developed for sexual minority males as young as 14 years old and is delivered nationally via text messaging. Here, we report the results of the pilot randomized control trial. METHODS: G2G was tested against an attention-matched "healthy lifestyle" control (eg, self-esteem). Both programs lasted 5 weeks and delivered 5 to 10 text messages daily. A 1-week booster was delivered 6 weeks subsequently...
June 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657469/perceptions-of-the-influence-of-computer-mediated-communication-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-early-adolescents
#20
Lindsay Favotto, Valerie Michaelson, Colleen Davison
Recent technological advances have provided many youth with daily, almost continuous cell-phone and Internet connectivity through portable devices. Young people's experiences with computer-mediated communication (CMC) and their views about how this form of communication affects their health have not been fully explored in the scientific literature. A purposeful maximum variation sample of young people (aged 11-15 years) across Ontario was identified, using key informants for recruitment. The young people participated in seven focus groups (involving a total of 40 adolescents), and discussed various aspects of health including the health impacts of CMC...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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