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Left ventricle Hypertrophy

Ying-Chun Shih, Chao-Ling Chen, Yan Zhang, Rebecca L Mellor, Evelyn M Kanter, Yun Fang, Hua-Chi Wang, Chen-Ting Hung, Jing-Yi Nong, Hui-Ju Chen, Tzu-Han Lee, Yi-Shuan Tseng, Chiung-Nien Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Shuei-Liong Lin, Kathryn A Yamada, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Kai-Chien Yang
<u>Rationale:</u> Cardiac fibrosis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) resulting from cardiac fibrosis impairs cardiac contractile function and increases arrhythmogenicity. Current treatment options for cardiac fibrosis, however, are limited and there is a clear need to identify novel mediators of cardiac fibrosis to facilitate the development of better therapeutics. Exploiting co-expression gene network analysis on RNA sequencing data from failing human heart, we identified thioredoxin domain containing 5 (TXNDC5), a cardiac fibroblast (CF)-enriched endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein, as a potential novel mediator of cardiac fibrosis and we completed experiments to test this hypothesis directly...
March 13, 2018: Circulation Research
Konstantin V Borisov
BACKGROUND: In patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of adverse outcome. A new technique of HOCM surgical correction in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis has been proposed. METHODS: The excision of the asymmetrical hypertrophied area of the interventricular septum causing obstruction was performed from the conal part of the right ventricle corresponding to the zone of obstruction of the left ventricle (LV)...
March 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Rebeca Caldeira Machado Berger, Acaris Benetti, Adriana Castello Costa Girardi, Ludimila Forechi, Rafaella Martins de Oliveira, Paula Frizera Vassallo, José Geraldo Mill
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension and adversely affects cardiac function. Conversely, sodium reduction is associated with a blood pressure decrease and improved cardiovascular function. However, the mechanisms that underlie the cardiac effects induced by salt intake in hypertension have not been fully elucidated. Ca2+ handling is critical for efficient myocardial function; thus, we aimed to investigate the long-term effects of diets with different salt contents on cardiac function and Ca2+ handling proteins in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs)...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Mario Boehm, Nadine Arnold, Adam Braithwaite, Josephine Pickworth, Changwu Lu, Tatyana Novoyatleva, David G Kiely, Friedrich Grimminger, Hossein A Ghofrani, Norbert Weissmann, Werner Seeger, Allan Lawrie, Ralph T Schermuly, Baktybek Kojonazarov
BACKGROUND: Aldosterone is a mineralocorticoid hormone critically involved in arterial blood pressure regulation. Although pharmacological aldosterone antagonism reduces mortality and morbidity among patients with severe left-sided heart failure, the contribution of aldosterone to the pathobiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and right ventricular (RV) heart failure is not fully understood. METHODS: The effects of Eplerenone (0.1% Inspra® mixed in chow) on pulmonary vascular and RV remodeling were evaluated in mice with pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by Sugen5416 injection with concomitant chronic hypoxia (SuHx) and in a second animal model with established RV dysfunction independent from lung remodeling through surgical pulmonary artery banding...
March 2, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Qing Liu, Hui Hu, Tingting Hu, Ting Han, Ahui Wang, Lijie Huang, Qiwen Tan, Wen Tan
Right heart failure and pulmonary artery remodeling resulting from increased left heart pressure are prevalent in a clinical setting, and the specific pathological feature exhibits cancer-like cell proliferation in lung. STVNa has been previously demonstrated its anti-proliferation property. In this study, we want to verify the therapeutic effect of STVNa against right ventricle hypertrophy and pulmonary artery remodeling in rats induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). The results show that TAC surgery increased mean right ventricle pressure (mRVP) less in the STVNa group than that in the vehicle group (11...
February 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Gabriele Mascherini, Cristian Petri, Giorgio Galanti
BACKGROUND: Cardiac adaptation to intense physical training is determined by many factors. Differences between the sexes in the left ventricle parameters are well established, however, both sport activity and body composition seem to reduce them. In order to better explain some heart modifications, a first approach was to eliminate the fat mass from the indexing of the left ventricular parameters. Fat free mass also contains the extracellular mass which does not represent a metabolically active compartment...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Yoshifusa Aizawa, Hiroshi Watanabe, Ken Okumura
Electrocardiograms (ECGs) have been employed to medically evaluate participants in population-based studies, and ECG-derived predictors have been reported for incident atrial fibrillation (AF). Here, we reviewed the status of ECG in predicting new-onset AF. We surveyed population-based studies and revealed ECG variables to be risk factors for incident AF. When available, the predictive values of each ECG risk marker were calculated. Both the atrium-related and ventricle-related ECG variables were risk factors for incident AF, with significant hazard risks (HRs) even after multivariate adjustments...
December 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
M N Alekhin
The article is devoted to the analysis of significance of electrocardiography for assessment of anatomical-functional measurements of the heart in patients with arterial hypertension. Modern methods of calculation of the left ventricular myocardial mass are presented with corresponding recommended normal ranges values. The article contains discussion of variants of left ventricular remodeling, significance of functional indexes characterizing the state of systolic and diastolic function of the heart, parameters of deformation of the left ventricle for diagnosis of causes of left ventricular hypertrophy, as well as for assessment of prognosis...
January 2018: Kardiologiia
Bing Tang, Yunhu Song, Hao Cui, Keshan Ji, Qinjun Yu, Changsheng Zhu, Shihua Zhao, Shuiyun Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the impact of morphological type on the prognosis of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients who underwent myectomy. METHODS: We recruited 469 obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients refractory to medicinal treatment who have undergone surgical myectomy at a nationwide referral centre. All patients were divided into 3 groups based on the morphological classification of left ventricular hypertrophy and were followed up by telephone every year...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Kentaro Kuzuya, Sahoko Ichihara, Yuka Suzuki, Chisa Inoue, Gaku Ichihara, Syota Kurimoto, Shinji Oikawa
Given the hypothesis that inflammation plays a critical role in the progression of cardiovascular diseases, the aim of the present study was to identify new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of myocardial proteins involved in early-phase cardiac impairment, using proteomics analysis. Using the two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) combined with MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry, we compared differences in the expression of proteins in the whole left ventricles between control hamsters, dilated cardiomyopathic hamsters (TO-2), and hypertrophy cardiomyopathic hamsters (Bio14...
2018: PloS One
Jingjing Fan, Lin Qiu, Hongyang Shu, Ben Ma, Marco Hagenmueller, Johannes H Riffel, Soeren Meryer, Min Zhang, Stefan E Hardt, Lin Wang, Dao Wen Wang, Hongyu Qiu, Ning Zhou
Postinfarct cardiac hypertrophy is an independent risk factor for heart failure and sudden death. Regression of cardiac hypertrophy has emerged as a promising strategy in the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI). Here we hypothesized that frizzled1 (FZD1), a receptor of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, is a novel mediator of ischemia-associated cardiac hypertrophy. MI was induced in mice by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary occlusion. One week after MI, the expression of FZD1 was found to be notably increased in the left ventricles (LVs) of the MI-mice compared to shams...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Morgan E Whitaker, Vineet Nair, Shripad Sinari, Parinita Dherange, Balaji Natarajan, Lindsey Trutter, Evan L Brittain, Anna R Hemnes, Eric Austin, Kumar Patel, Stephen M Black, Joe G N Garcia, Jason X Yuan, Rebecca Vanderpool, Franz Rischard, Ayako Makino, Edward J Bedrick, Ankit A Desai
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction. Parallel studies have also reported associations between diabetes mellitus and right ventricle dysfunction and reduced survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, the impact of diabetes mellitus on the pulmonary vasculature has not been well-characterized. We hypothesized that diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia could specifically influence right ventricular afterload and remodeling in patients with Group I pulmonary arterial hypertension, providing a link to their known susceptibility to right ventricular dysfunction...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Stian Ludvigsen, Costantino Mancusi, Simon Kildal, Giovanni de Simone, Eva Gerdts, Kirsti Ytrehus
Aim of study was to examine experimentally the adult female hypertensive heart in order to determine the role of ovary function in the response of the heart to salt-dependent hypertension. Dahl salt-sensitive rats, age 12 weeks, with/without ovariectomy were fed a standard (0.3% NaCl) or high-salt diet (8%) for 16 weeks. Mean arterial blood pressure monitored noninvasively in conscious state increased significantly by high salt. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and endpoint. Heart function and molecular changes were evaluated at endpoint by left ventricle catheterization, by sirius red staining for collagen and by gene expression using quantitative RT-PCR for selected genes...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
Hamidreza Omrani, Alireza Rai, Zahra Daraei, Masoud Sadeghi
Background: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of kidney transplantation on the cardiovascular status in ESRD patients. Methods: During 2012 to 2014 and in a cross-sectional study, 181 patients were randomly selected for this study. All patients were followed for periods of 6 and 12 months after kidney transplantation. The patients with ESRD and kidney transplant recipients; the patients with left ventricle ejection fraction<50%, left ventricular hypertrophy, mitral valve regurgitation and tricuspid valve regurgitation were included to study and the patients with kidney transplant rejection, myocardial infarction, high blood pressure with treatment-resistant, high blood pressure and addicted patients were censored...
December 2017: Medical Archives
André M Leite-Moreira, João Almeida-Coelho, João S Neves, Ana L Pires, João Ferreira-Martins, Ricardo Castro-Ferreira, Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, Glória Conceição, Daniela Miranda-Silva, Patrícia Rodrigues, Nazha Hamdani, Melissa Herwig, Inês Falcão-Pires, Walter J Paulus, Wolfgang A Linke, André P Lourenço, Adelino F Leite-Moreira
Aims: The heart is constantly challenged with acute bouts of stretching or overload. Systolic adaptations to these challenges are known but adaptations in diastolic stiffness remain unknown. We evaluated adaptations in myocardial stiffness due to acute stretching and characterized the underlying mechanisms. Methods and Results: Left ventricles (LV) of intact rat hearts, rabbit papillary muscles and myocardial strips from cardiac surgery patients were stretched. After stretching, there was a sustained >40% decrease in end-diastolic pressure (EDP) or passive tension (PT) for 15 minutes in all species and experimental preparations...
February 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Jun Huang, Zi-Ning Yan, Yi-Fei Rui, Li Fan, Chang Liu, Jie Li
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disease was characterised by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial fibrosis, fiber disarray. The short-axis systolic function is important in left ventricle function. METHODS: Forty one healthy subjects and 37 HCM patients were enrolled for this research. Parasternal short-axis at the basal, middle, and apical levels were acquired by Echocardiography. The peak systolic circumferential strain of the endocardial, the middle and the epicardial layers, the peak systolic radial strain, and the peak systolic rotational degrees at different short-axis levels were measured by 2-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI)...
January 30, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Ning-Yu Ru, Long-Biao Cui, Bo Jiao, Lin Zhang, Shuai Jiang, Zhi-Bin Yu
The mechanism of transition from chronic pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure is still unclear. Angiotensin II (Ang II) may be an important factor that mediates the transition in the end-stage of cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, Goldblatt two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) rat model was used to simulate Ang II-induced hypertension. The elevated Ang II not only induced the concentric hypertrophy of left ventricle and cardiac fibrosis, but also increased the expression and glycosylation of CD147 in 2K1C rats...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Changhai Tian, Lie Gao, Matthew C Zimmerman, Irving H Zucker
The imbalance between the synthesis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their elimination by antioxidant defense systems, results in macromolecular damage and disruption of cellular redox signaling, affecting cardiac structure and function, thus contributing to contractile dysfunction, myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosisinchronic heart failure (CHF). The Keap1-Nrf2 pathway is an important antioxidant defense mechanism and is closely associated with oxidative stress-mediated cardiac remodeling in CHF. In the current study, we investigated the regulation of myocardial Nrf2 in the post myocardial infarction (MI) state...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Ilaria Biasato, Elena Biasibetti, Davide Biagini, Guido Bruatto, Giovanna Cenacchi, Franco Guarda, Maria Teresa Capucchio
OBJECTIVES: Intramural coronary arteriosclerosis has been reported in several species, but no systematic studies are currently available in bovine. The present study aimed to describe the arteriosclerotic changes in regularly slaughtered veal calves and beef cattle. ANIMALS: Twenty-five veal calves (6-9 months old) and 17 beef cattle (10-24 months old) housed in intensive livestock farming and regularly slaughtered were included in the present study. METHODS: Selected heart samples were submitted for histopathological and ultrastructural examination and the following parameters were evaluated: intimal hyperplasia, degenerative changes of the tunica media, medial hypertrophy/hyperplasia, myocardial fibrosis, and myocarditis...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Megan E Bowen, Xiaoqing Liu, Peter M Sundwall, Stavros G Drakos, Dean Y Li, Craig H Selzman, Stephen H McKellar
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) failure (RVF) is a vexing problem facing patients with various disease processes and carries a high mortality. RVF is a poorly understood phenomenon with limited treatment options. In mammalian fetal circulation, the right ventricle is the systemic ventricle. In neonates, however, the left ventricle assumes that role and gradually thickens compared with the right ventricle. This process, known as right ventricular involution (RVI), is poorly understood...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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