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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647922/comparison-of-quality-of-chest-compressions-during-training-of-laypersons-using-push-heart-and-little-anne-manikins-using-blinded-cprcards
#1
Shota Tanaka, Alexander E White, Ryo Sagisaka, Guanseng Chong, Eileen Ng, Jinny Seow, Nurul Asyikin Mj, Hideharu Tanaka, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Mass Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training using less expensive and easily portable manikins is one way to increase the number of trained laypeople in a short time. The easy-to-carry, low-cost CPR training model called Push Heart (PH) is widely used in Japan. The aim of this study was to examine if PH can achieve chest compression quality that is similar to that using more conventional Little Anne (LA) manikins for training laypersons. METHODS: This prospective randomized crossover study was done during routine community CPR training of laypersons in Singapore...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647903/farmers-attitude-toward-treated-sludge-use-in-the-villages-of-west-bank-palestine
#2
Md M Rashid, Mary G Kattou'a, Issam A Al-Khatib, Chikashi Sato
An application of treated sewage sludge on agricultural land has been widely accepted, as this method is simple and economical for disposal of wastewater residues. When applied properly on an agricultural land, sludge can replenish organic matter and nutrients in soil. Although sewage sludge has been used in agriculture in many parts of the world, its acceptability varies with different cultures and beliefs among farmers. Farmers' concerns on sludge use are primarily due to its anthropogenic origin, pollutants that it carries, a general perception of sewage being dirty, and its offensive odor...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647881/alterations-in-soil-microbial-communities-caused-by-treatments-with-penicillin-or-neomycin
#3
Qichun Zhang, Ouyang Kang, Salma Jabeen, Warren A Dick
Antibiotic residues in soils can lead to serious health risk and ecological hazards. In this study, the effects of penicillin and neomycin, two antibiotics widely used in animal production, were investigated on soil bacterial communities. Changes in the community structure were monitored using three 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) polymerase chain reaction-based approaches, including denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), amplified rDNA restriction analysis (ARDRA), and terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647879/disposal-of-household-pharmaceuticals-in-insular-communities-social-attitude-behaviour-evaluation-and-prevention-activities
#4
Antonis A Zorpas, Maria Dimitriou, Irene Voukkali
The increase in medicine and drug consumption have resulted in identifying these emerging pollutants in all aquatic compartments, ranging from surface water and groundwater resources to the marine environment. Pharmaceuticals are an indispensable part of life today. A large number of pharmaceuticals are used in a daily basis in the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases or to otherwise enhance people's physical or mental well-being. This paper focuses on the evaluation of the attitude of citizens in Cyprus regarding the disposal of pharmaceuticals as well as to identify the main reasons why pharmaceutical wastes are produced...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647855/short-term-annoyance-from-nocturnal-aircraft-noise-exposure-results-of-the-norah-and-strain-sleep-studies
#5
Julia Quehl, Uwe Müller, Franco Mendolia
PURPOSE: The German Aerospace Center (DLR) investigated in the NORAH sleep study the association between a distinct change in nocturnal aircraft noise exposure due to the introduction of a night curfew (11:00 p.m.-5:00 a.m.) at Frankfurt Airport and short-term annoyance reactions of residents in the surrounding community. Exposure-response curves were calculated by random effects logistic regression to evaluate the aircraft noise-related parameters (1) number of overflights and (2) energy equivalent noise level LASeq for the prediction of short-term annoyance...
June 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#6
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647759/a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mom-power-parenting-intervention-for-mothers-with-interpersonal-trauma-histories-and-their-young-children
#7
Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Diana M Morelen, Emily A Alfafara, Nicole M Miller, Rachel M Waddell, Melisa M Schuster, Julie Ribaudo
We conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of Mom Power, a multifamily parenting intervention to improve mental health and parenting among high-risk mothers with young children in a community-based randomized controlled trial (CB-RCT) design. Participants (N = 122) were high-risk mothers (e.g., interpersonal trauma histories, mental health problems, poverty) and their young children (age <6 years), randomized either to Mom Power, a parenting intervention (treatment condition), or weekly mailings of parenting information (control condition)...
June 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647755/namib-desert-soil-microbial-community-diversity-assembly-and-function-along-a-natural-xeric-gradient
#8
Vincent Scola, Jean-Baptiste Ramond, Aline Frossard, Olivier Zablocki, Evelien M Adriaenssens, Riegardt M Johnson, Mary Seely, Don A Cowan
The hyperarid Namib desert is a coastal desert in southwestern Africa and one of the oldest and driest deserts on the planet. It is characterized by a west/east increasing precipitation gradient and by regular coastal fog events (extending up to 75 km inland) that can also provide soil moisture. In this study, we evaluated the role of this natural aridity and xeric gradient on edaphic microbial community structure and function in the Namib desert. A total of 80 individual soil samples were collected at 10-km intervals along a 190-km transect from the fog-dominated western coastal region to the eastern desert boundary...
June 24, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647700/molecular-proteomic-characterization-of-a-pediatric-medulloblastoma-xenograft
#9
George T Tsangaris, Konstantinos Dimas, Angeliki Malamou, Angeliki Katsafadou, Chrissa Papathanasiou, Dimitrios J Stravopodis, Constantinos E Vorgias, Maria Gazouli, Athanasios K Anagnostopoulos
BACKGROUND/AIM: Medulloblastoma (MBL), an archetypal primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the cerebellum, is the most common pediatric central nervous system malignancy representing approximately 20% of all childhood brain tumors. Herein, we report on a new xenotransplantable tumor cell line, derived from a 6-year-old female patient with cerebellar medulloblastoma, and the completele proteome molecular characterization of subsequent tumors from MBL xenotrasplanted mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumors were grown in nude mice as subcutaneous xenografts (MBLX) composed of small round cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm...
July 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647687/overweight-obesity-and-survival-after-stroke-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#10
Hugo J Aparicio, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa S Beiser, Kendra L Davis-Plourde, Ramachandran S Vasan, Carlos S Kase, Philip A Wolf, Sudha Seshadri
BACKGROUND: We investigated how body weight affects survival after stroke, leveraging the availability of multiple prestroke body mass index (BMI) measurements and using a nested case-control design in a community-based sample. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared all-cause mortality in participants stratified by prestroke weight. Separate analyses were performed for ischemic stroke and all stroke and for age-, sex-, and BMI category-matched stroke-free controls. Participants were grouped into BMI categories and followed for up to 10 years...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647669/-engage-therapy-prediction-of-change-of-late-life-major-depression
#11
George S Alexopoulos, Robert O'Neil, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue, Lindsay W Victoria, Jennifer N Bress, Cristina Pollari, Patricia A Arean
OBJECTIVE: Engage grew out of the need for streamlined psychotherapies that can be accurately used by community therapists in late-life depression. Engage was based on the view that dysfunction of reward networks is the principal mechanism mediating depressive symptoms. Accordingly, Engage uses "reward exposure" (exposure to meaningful activities) and assumes that repeated activation of reward networks will normalize these systems. This study examined whether change in a behavioral activation scale, an index of reward system function, predicts change in depressive symptomatology...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647664/patient-perceived-responsiveness-of-primary-care-systems-across-europe-and-the-relationship-with-the-health-expenditure-and-remuneration-systems-of-primary-care-doctors
#12
Anna Maria Murante, Chiara Seghieri, Milena Vainieri, Willemijn L A Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Health systems are expected to be responsive, that is to provide services that are user-oriented and respectful of people. Several surveys have tried to measure all or some of the dimensions of the responsiveness (e.g. autonomy, choice, clarity of communication, confidentiality, dignity, prompt attention, quality of basic amenities, and access to family and community support), however there is little evidence regarding the level of responsiveness of primary care (PC) systems...
June 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647580/one-carbon-metabolism-biomarkers-and-cognitive-decline-in-the-very-old-the-newcastle-85-study
#13
Nuno Mendonça, Antoneta Granic, John C Mathers, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Keith A Wesnes, Chris J Seal, Carol Jagger, Tom R Hill
OBJECTIVES: Although the biological rationale for the association between folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine with cognitive function seems plausible, conflicting results have been reported. This study aimed to determine the associations between 1-carbon (1-C) metabolism biomarkers (folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine), and cognitive impairment at baseline and the rate of cognitive decline over 5 years in the very old. DESIGN: The Newcastle 85+ Study was a prospective longitudinal study of people 85 years old and followed over 5 years in Northeast England...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647577/transitions-from-skilled-nursing-facility-to-home-the-relationship-of-early-outpatient-care-to-hospital-readmission
#14
Jennifer L Carnahan, James E Slaven, Christopher M Callahan, Wanzhu Tu, Alexia M Torke
BACKGROUND: Many adults are discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) prior to returning home from the hospital. Patient characteristics and factors that can help to prevent postdischarge adverse outcomes are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether early post-SNF discharge care reduces likelihood of 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis using the Electronic Medical Record, Medicare, Medicaid and the Minimum Data Set...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647575/a-modified-technique-of-temporary-suspension-of-the-ovary-to-the-anterior-abdominal-wall
#15
Omar M Abuzeid, Rubin Raju, John Hebert, Mohammad Ashraf, Mostafa I Abuzeid
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A previous study described a technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the abdominal wall using nylon suture (Abuzeid et al 2002). The aim of this study is to describe a modified technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the fascia of the anterior abdominal wall after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis to reduce postoperative adhesion formation. DESIGN: Video illustrating this modified technique of ovarian suspension SETTING: Academic affiliated community medical center PATIENTS: This patient underwent temporary suspension of the right ovary, using 3-0 plain catgut suture, after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis (Stage III ASRM classification)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647551/factors-predicting-falls-and-mobility-outcomes-in-patients-with-stroke-returning-home-after-rehabilitation-who-are-at-risk-of-falling
#16
Mandy Man-Di Ng, Keith D Hill, Frances Batchelor, Elissa Burton
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors predicting falls and limited mobility in people with stroke at 12 months after returning home from rehabilitation. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with 12 month follow-up. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: People with stroke (n=144) and increased falls risk discharged home from rehabilitation. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Falls were measured using monthly calendars completed by participants, and mobility was assessed using gait speed over five metres (high mobility (>0...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#17
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647537/variation-in-compulsory-psychiatric-inpatient-admission-in-england-a-cross-classified-multilevel-analysis
#18
Scott Weich, Orla McBride, Liz Twigg, Craig Duncan, Patrick Keown, David Crepaz-Keay, Eva Cyhlarova, Helen Parsons, Jan Scott, Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient beds in England is worrying. Studying variation between places and services could be key to identifying targets for interventions to reverse this trend. We modelled spatial variation in compulsory admissions in England using national patient-level data and quantified the extent to which patient, local-area, and service-setting characteristics accounted for this variation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of the 2010-11 Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)...
June 21, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647532/carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-community-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Ana M Kelly, Barun Mathema, Elaine L Larson
Carbapenem antibiotics are used as a last resort to treat serious Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) infections, however carbapenemase-producing strains of GNB have emerged as a major source of resistance. Owing to the highly transmissible nature of plasmid-borne carbapenemases, numerous reports have warned about the likely spread into the community from healthcare settings. Since the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in the community is largely unknown, we conducted a scoping review of the literature to assess the percentage of CRE isolates that could be associated with the community...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647500/acceptability-of-the-community-level-provision-of-sayana%C3%A2-press-by-medical-and-nursing-students-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#20
Jane T Bertrand, Paul Bukutuvwidi Makani, Julie Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Bitshi Mukengeshayi, Saleh Babazadeh, Arsene Binanga
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptors' attitudes toward Sayana® Press as a method and toward the mechanism of community-based distribution by medical and nursing (M/N) students, known locally as "DBC," in Kinshasa, DRC; and to evaluate the experience of these DBC. STUDY DESIGN: In 2015, surveys were conducted among (1) acceptors of Sayana® Press on the day of the initial injection, (2) these same acceptors three months later, and (3) the DBC providing community-based services...
June 21, 2017: Contraception
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