keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677671/advances-and-challenges-in-sustainable-tourism-toward-a-green-economy
#1
REVIEW
Shu-Yuan Pan, Mengyao Gao, Hyunook Kim, Kinjal J Shah, Si-Lu Pei, Pen-Chi Chiang
This paper provides an overview of the interrelationships between tourism and sustainability from a cross-disciplinary perspective. The current challenges and barriers in the tourism sustainability, such as high energy use, extensive water consumption and habitat destruction, are first reviewed. Then the key cross-disciplinary elements in sustainable tourism, including green energy, green transportation, green buildings, green infrastructure, green agriculture and smart technologies, are discussed. To overcome the challenges and barriers, a few implementation strategies on achieving sustainable tourism from the aspects of policy/regulation, institution, finance, technology and culture are proposed, along with the framework and details of a key performance indicator system...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677668/widespread-asymmetric-response-of-soil-heterotrophic-respiration-to-warming-and-cooling
#2
Yuan Liu, Xuefa Wen, Yunhai Zhang, Jing Tian, Yang Gao, Nichloas J Ostle, Shuli Niu, Shiping Chen, Xiaomin Sun, Nianpeng He
Soil is the largest organic carbon (C) pool in terrestrial ecosystems. Periodic changes in environmental temperature occur diurnally and seasonally; yet, the response of soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition to varying temperatures remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a modified incubation experiment using soils from 16 forest ecosystems in China with periodically and continuously varying incubation temperature to investigate how heterotrophic respiration (Rh ) responds to different temperature patterns (both warming and cooling temperature ranging between 5 and 30°C)...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677660/variation-in-bacterial-community-structure-of-aerobic-granular-and-suspended-activated-sludge-in-the-presence-of-the-antibiotic-sulfamethoxazole
#3
Abbass Jafari Kang, Alistair K Brown, Charles S Wong, Zhiyong Huang, Qiuyan Yuan
The treatment performance and bacterial community structure of conventional activated sludge and aerobic granules exposed to antibiotic sulfamethoxazole (SMX) was studied. For three months, two sets of sequencing batch reactors inoculated with conventional and granular biomass were fed with a synthetic municipal wastewater containing 2 μg/L SMX. The presence of SMX had no significant impacts on treatment performance of the reactors as well as stability of the granules. Results confirmed different bacterial community structure of flocs and granules...
April 13, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677650/pollutants-degradation-performance-and-microbial-community-structure-of-aerobic-granular-sludge-systems-using-inoculums-adapted-at-mild-and-low-temperature
#4
Barbara Muñoz-Palazon, Chiara Pesciaroli, Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jesús Gonzalez-Lopez, Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez
Three aerobic granular sequencing batch reactors were inoculated using different inocula from Finland, Spain and a mix of both in order to investigate the effect over the degradation performance and the microbial community structure. The Finnish inoculum achieved a faster granulation and a higher depollution performance within the first two month of operation. However, after 90 days of operation, similar physico-chemical values were observed. On the other hand, the Real-time PCR showed that Archaea diminished from inoculum to granular biomass, while Bacteria and Fungi numbers remained stable...
April 13, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677630/resting-heart-rate-and-the-incidence-and-progression-of-valvular-calcium-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#5
Kojo Amoakwa, Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Seamus P Whelton, Wesley T O'Neal, Wendy S Post, Matthew J Budoff, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Left-sided valvular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Resting heart rate (RHR) may influence valvular calcium progression through shear stress. Whether RHR, an established CVD risk factor, is associated with valvular calcium progression is unknown. We assessed whether RHR predicts incidence and progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) and aortic valve calcium (AVC) in a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677619/associations-of-early-childhood-adversities-with-mental-disorders-psychological-functioning-and-suitability-for-psychotherapy-in-adulthood
#6
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
Childhood adversities frequently precede adulthood depression and anxiety. Yet, how they impact needed treatment duration, type or focus in these common disorders, is unclear. For developing more individualized and precise interventions, we investigated whether specific early adversities associate with patients' distinct psychiatric problems, psychological vulnerabilities, and suitability for psychotherapy. A total of 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients (excluding psychotic, severe personality, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders) referred from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire (CFAQ)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677579/factors-underlying-perceptions-of-community-care-and-other-healthcare-areas-in-first-year-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#7
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Marjon van Rijn, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing labour market shortage of well-educated community nurses, few baccalaureate nursing students choose for a career in community care. Obtaining knowledge of how students perceive healthcare areas early in their education is important to take meaningful steps in counteracting any existing misconceptions with targeted curriculum redesign. OBJECTIVE: Determination of factors underlying perceptions of healthcare areas in first-year baccalaureate nursing students...
April 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677575/sustainability-of-a-person-centered-ward-atmosphere-and-possibility-to-provide-person-centered-forensic-psychiatric-care-after-facility-relocation
#8
Eirini Alexiou, Helle Wijk, Gustaf Ahlquist, Anette Kullgren, Alessio Degl' Innocenti
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aims to assess the sustainability of staff perceptions of ward atmosphere and their possibility to provide person-centered forensic psychiatric care after relocation to new hospitals that aimed to provide supportive work conditions for the staff to be able to perform care of high quality. METHODS: In this study we only present the result for the repeated measures, that is, only the individuals that performed both the questionnaires at baseline and at the three follow-ups...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677550/impacts-of-transportation-sector-emissions-on-future-u-s-air-quality-in-a-changing-climate-part-i-projected-emissions-simulation-design-and-model-evaluation
#9
Patrick Campbell, Yang Zhang, Fang Yan, Zifeng Lu, David Streets
Emissions from the transportation sector are rapidly changing worldwide; however, the interplay of such emission changes in the face of climate change are not as well understood. This two-part study examines the impact of projected emissions from the U.S. transportation sector (Part I) on ambient air quality in the face of climate change (Part II). In Part I of this study, we describe the methodology and results of a novel Technology Driver Model (see graphical abstract) that includes 1) transportation emission projections (including on-road vehicles, non-road engines, aircraft, rail, and ship) derived from a dynamic technology model that accounts for various technology and policy options under an IPCC emission scenario, and 2) the configuration/evaluation of a dynamically downscaled Weather Research and Forecasting/Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#10
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677471/the-way-we-walked-with-immunology
#11
Kimishige Ishizaka
It has been a little more than 50 years since we discovered IgE, a key molecule for the allergic response and a target for treating allergies and severe asthma. Here, I trace my career, from the kindling of my interest in immunochemistry to groundbreaking discoveries in the biology and chemistry of immunoglobulins. I describe my service to the broader community of immunologists and my role in shaping departments and research institutes. My course starts in Japan and includes Southern California, Baltimore, and Denver...
April 26, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677410/mapping-drug-overdose-demographic-and-socioeconomic-characteristics-in-the-community
#12
Brenda L Rooney, Mitchell T Voter, Christopher M Eberlein, Andrea J Schossow, Cathy L Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Drug use and drug overdose have increased at an alarming rate. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and neighborhood social and economic factors associated with higher risk of overdose. These findings can be used to inform development of community programs and appropriately devote resources to prevent and treat drug abuse. METHODS: The electronic health records of all patients seen in the emergency department or admitted to the hospital for a drug overdose in 2016 at Gundersen Health System in La Crosse, Wisconsin, were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#13
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677308/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#14
Leila C Kahwati, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Huiling Pan, Margaret Gourlay, Erin LeBlanc, Manny Coker-Schwimmer, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Osteoporotic fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality. Objective: To update the evidence for benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, or combined supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and trial registries through March 21, 2017; references; and experts. Surveillance continued through February 28, 2018...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677251/review-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-calcium-and-vitamin-d-alone-or-combined-do-not-reduce-fractures
#15
Douglas P Kiel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677221/a-2015-outbreak-of-flea-borne-rickettsiosis-in-san-gabriel-valley-los-angeles-county-california
#16
Kimberly Nelson, Alice N Maina, Angela Brisco, Chelsea Foo, Curtis Croker, Van Ngo, Rachel Civen, Allen L Richards, Kenn Fujioka, J Wakoli Wekesa
Although flea-borne rickettsiosis is endemic in Los Angeles County, outbreaks are rare. In the spring of 2015 three human cases of flea-borne rickettsiosis among residents of a mobile home community (MHC) prompted an investigation. Fleas were ubiquitous in common areas due to presence of flea-infested opossums and overabundant outdoor cats and dogs. The MHC was summarily abated in June 2015, and within five months, flea control and removal of animals significantly reduced the flea population. Two additional epidemiologically-linked human cases of flea-borne rickettsiosis detected at the MHC were suspected to have occurred before control efforts began...
April 20, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677195/contrasting-response-of-coexisting-plant-s-water-use-patterns-to-experimental-precipitation-manipulation-in-an-alpine-grassland-community-of-qinghai-lake-watershed-china
#17
Huawu Wu, Jing Li, Xiao-Yan Li, Bin He, Jinzhao Liu, Zhiyun Jiang, Cicheng Zhang
Understanding species-specific changes in water-use patterns under recent climate scenarios is necessary to predict accurately the responses of seasonally dry ecosystems to future climate. In this study, we conducted a precipitation manipulation experiment to investigate the changes in water-use patterns of two coexisting species (Achnatherum splendens and Allium tanguticum) to alterations in soil water content (SWC) resulting from increased and decreased rainfall treatments. The results showed that the leaf water potential (Ψ) of A...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677126/patient-education-on-oral-anticoagulation
#18
Emily M Hawes
Given the potential harm associated with anticoagulant use, patient education is often provided as a standard of care and emphasized across healthcare settings. Effective anticoagulation education involves face-to-face interaction with a trained professional who ensures that the patient understands the risks involved, the precautions that should be taken, and the need for regular monitoring. The teaching should be tailored to each patient, accompanied with written resources and utilize the teach-back method...
April 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#19
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677074/frailty-inflammatory-markers-and-waitlist-mortality-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Hao Ying, Alvin G Thomas, Fatima Warsame, Ashton A Shaffer, Christine E Haugen, Jacqueline M Garonzik-Wang, Niraj M Desai, Ravi Varadhan, Jeremy Walston, Silas P Norman, Dorry L Segev
BACKGROUND: Among community-dwelling older adults, frailty is associated with heightened markers of inflammation and subsequent mortality. Although frailty is common among ESRD patients, the role of frailty and markers of inflammation in this population remains unclear. We quantified these associations in patients on the kidney transplant (KT) waitlist and tested whether frailty and/or markers of inflammation improve waitlist mortality risk prediction. METHODS: We studied 1,975 ESRD patients on the KT waitlist (11/1/09-2/28/17) in a multi-center cohort study of frailty...
April 19, 2018: Transplantation
keyword
keyword
3403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"