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Namrata Balaraddiyavar, Aruna Bhushan, Basavaraj C Kotinatot, Gouramma Huggi
Here, we report a case of a 30-year-old male who was prescribed eperisone hydrochloride for body pain and loose stools after which he developed severe maculopapular rash. Eperisone hydrochloride is an analgesic and antispastic drug used for spastic diseases such as spastic paralysis in cerebrovascular diseases, cervical spondylosis, and periarthritis. The drug is marketed in most of the Asian countries including India, but it is not licensed. Studies show the history of hypersensitivity in other countries, but this is the first reported case in India...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Sachin Bavage, Sharanbasappa Durg, Shoukath Ali Kareem, Shivsharan B Dhadde
Eperisone, an analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant has been in use for the treatment of low back pain (LBP). The present systematic review evaluates the efficacy and safety of eperisone in patients with LBP. Cochrane Back and Neck (CBN) Group and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were adopted to perform this systematic review. For risk of bias assessment CBN Group and Moga tools were used. Seven (5 randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and 2 uncontrolled studies) studies involving 801 participants were included...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Yumiko Takao, Yutaka Takaoka, Aki Sugano, Hitoaki Sato, Yasushi Motoyama, Mika Ohta, Takashi Nishimoto, Satoshi Mizobuchi
Shakuyaku-kanzo-to (Shao-Yao-Gan-Cao-Tang) is a Kampo medicine, which is known to be effective against muscle cramps as well as crampy pain in the gastrointestinal smooth muscle and skeletal muscle. However, glycyrrhizin in this medicine also causes adverse drug reactions such as hypokalemia, hypertension, and edema. We analyzed the therapeutic efficacy of Shakuyaku-kanzo-to for painful muscle cramps associated with lumbar spinal stenosis and clarified its minimum effective dose. 58 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and painful muscle cramps were included...
2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Gang Tian, Mao-rong Shen, Wei-guo Jiang, Fu-rong Xie, Wen-wu Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical effects of spinal leveraging manipulation and medicine for the treatment of degenerative scoliosis in pain and function. METHODS: From July 2010 to June 2013, 38 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into spinal leveraging manipulation group and medicine group by coin tossing. In manipulation group, there were 9 males and 11 females aged from 58 to 74 years old with an average of (66.63±7.73), the courses of diseases ranged from 3 to 8 months with an average of (5...
June 2015: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Marcello Locatelli, Roberta Cifelli, Cristina Di Legge, Renato Carmine Barbacane, Nicola Costa, Massimo Fresta, Christian Celia, Carlo Capolupo, Luisa Di Marzio
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini C18 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm; 5 μm particle size) using a gradient elution mode with a run time of 15 min, comprising re-equilibration, at 60°C (± 1°C). The method was validated over the concentration range from 0...
April 3, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. A
Naoya Miura, Takeshi Saito, Takayuki Taira, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Sein Morita, Sadaki Inokuchi
A method was developed for rapid toxicological analysis of eperisone, tolperisone, and tizanidine in human serum using a MonoSpin® C18 extraction column and LC/MS/MS. The method was validated for LOD, linearity, precision, and extraction recovery. This method was rapid with an LOD of 0.5 ng/mL, linearity range 1-500.0 ng/mL (r2 = 0.999), and RSD value below 14.6%. Extraction recovery from the sample was greater than 98.6, 98.8, and 88.5% for eperisone, tolperisone, and tizanidine, respectively. Results showed that combination of the MonoSpin C18 extraction column and LC/MS/MS is a simple and rapid method for the analysis of these three analytes, and a method is described for simultaneous quantitative determination of the analytes in human serum by LC/MSIMS...
November 2014: Journal of AOAC International
H Vidot, S Carey, M Allman-Farinelli, N Shackel
BACKGROUND: Up to 88% of patients with hepatic cirrhosis experience painful muscle cramps resulting in sleep deprivation and impaired quality of life. Management is often based on poor evidence with varying degrees of success in controlling the frequency and severity of muscle cramps in this group. AIM: To review systematically the treatment options for muscle cramps in cirrhosis. METHODS: A systematic review of the relevant databases to identify treatments for muscle cramps in patients with hepatic cirrhosis was performed...
August 2014: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Yu-Shan Yue, Xu-Dong Wang, Bin Xie, Zhong-Han Li, Bing-Lin Chen, Xue-Qiang Wang, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: Trials on sling exercise (SE), commonly performed to manage chronic low back pain (LBP), yield conflicting results. This study aimed to review the effects of SE on chronic LBP. METHODS: The randomized controlled trials comparing SE with other treatments or no treatment, published up to August 2013, were identified by electronic searches. Primary outcomes were pain, function, and return to work. The weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated, using a random-effects model...
2014: PloS One
Shantaram Gajanan Khanage, Popat Baban Mohite, Sandeep Jadhav
PURPOSE: Eperisone Hydrochloride (EPE) is a potent new generation antispasmodic drug which is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain in combination with Paracetamol (PAR). Both drugs are available in tablet dosage form in combination with a dose of 50 mg for EPE and 325 mg PAR respectively. METHODS: The method is based upon Q-absorption ratio method for the simultaneous determination of the EPE and PAR. Absorption ratio method is used for the ratio of the absorption at two selected wavelength one of which is the iso-absorptive point and other being the λmax of one of the two components...
2013: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Navjot Kaur, Harinder Singh, Avinash Chander Gupta
Objective. To compare the efficacy and tolerability of etodolac versus etodolac in combination with eperisone in patients of Osteoarthritis knee. Patients and Methods. A prospective, randomized, open label, parallel group, comparative study was conducted in 60 patients of knee OA over a period of 2 months. Thirty patients received etodolac 600 mg once daily and 30 patients received eperisone 50 mg thrice daily in addition to etodolac 600 mg once daily for 8 weeks. Efficacy assessment was done on the basis of improvement in mean scores of spontaneous pain on Visual analog scale (VAS), pain on movement, functional capacity, joint tenderness, swelling, erythema on Likert scale, and patient's overall arthritic condition on a five-point investigator scale at the end of study period as compared with the baseline scores...
2013: Pain Research and Treatment
Paul M Peloso, Mahweesh Khan, Anita R Gross, Lisa Carlesso, Lina Santaguida, Janet Lowcock, Joy C Macdermid, Dave Walton, Charlie H Goldsmith, Pierre Langevin, Qiyun Shi
OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview (review-of-reviews) on pharmacological interventions for neck pain. SEARCH STRATEGY: Computerized databases and grey literature were searched from 2006 to 2012. SELECTION CRITERIA: Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) in adults with acute to chronic neck pain reporting effects of pharmacological interventions including injections on pain, function/disability, global perceived effect, quality of life and patient satisfaction...
2013: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Takeshi Yamagiwa, Seiji Morita, Mari Amino, Naoya Miura, Takeshi Saito, Sadaki Inokuchi
BACKGROUND: Eperisone hydrochloride is a centrally acting muscle relaxant prescribed for muscle stiffness that acts by depressing the activities of α and γ efferent neurons in the spinal cord and supraspinal structures. Although a case of eperisone-induced severe QT prolongation had been reported, the relationship between serum eperisone concentration and QT interval remains obscure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum eperisone concentration and QT interval...
January 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mi Jo Kim, Hyeong-Seok Lim, Yook-Hwan Noh, Yo Han Kim, Hee Youn Choi, Kyung-Mi Park, Sei-Eun Kim, Kyun-Seop Bae
BACKGROUND: Eperisone hydrochloride, a centrally acting muscle relaxant, is a calcium antagonist that causes vasodilation and antispastic actions. Aceclofenac, an anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic drug, has similar efficacy and improved gastrointestinal tolerance compared with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as diclofenac. Although eperisone hydrochloride and aceclofenac are frequently coadministered, no published studies have reported on the pharmacokinetic interactions between these 2 drugs...
October 2013: Clinical Therapeutics
R Nageswara Rao, S Satyanarayana Raju
Tolperisone and eperisone used as muscle relaxants possess one chiral center each and exist as two optical isomers for each drug. Therefore, enantioselective assays to measure each enantiomer in biological matrices are of great importance. In the present study a simple and complete reverse-phase liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method for separation and enantioselective determination of tolperisone and eperisone in rat plasma was developed. The analytes were extracted from rat plasma by a simple protein precipitation method with acetonitrile as the extraction solvent...
October 2013: Chirality
Yuri Owada, Mizuho Takahashi, Sumiko Iwasa, Hideaki Ichiba, Kiyomi Sadamoto, Takeshi Fukushima
Enantiomeric separations of centrally acting muscle relaxants, that is, tolperisone (TOL) and eperisone (EP), that are marketed as racemates were investigated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a polysaccharide-based chiral column. Both TOL and EP are basic drugs because they contain a tertiary amino group and have similar chemical structures with the exception of the p-methylphenyl and p-ethylphenyl groups in TOL and EP, respectively. A reversed-phase chiral column, that is, a Chiralcel OZ-RH column, which bears cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) as the chiral moiety, was effective for the enantiomeric separation of TOL and EP enantiomers...
January 2014: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Gyu-Young Hur, Eui Kyung Hwang, Jae-Young Moon, Young-Min Ye, Jae-Jeong Shim, Hae-Sim Park, Kyung-Ho Kang
Eperisone and afloqualone act by relaxing both skeletal and vascular smooth muscles to improve circulation and suppress pain reflex. These drugs are typically prescribed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as painkillers. However, there have been no reports on serious adverse reactions to oral muscle relaxants; and this is the first report to describe three allergic reactions caused by eperisone and afloqualone. All three patients had histories of allergic reactions after oral intake of multiple painkillers, including oral muscle relaxants and NSAIDs, for chronic muscle pain...
July 1, 2012: Yonsei Medical Journal
M Rossi, G Ianigro, G Liberatoscioli, A Di Castelnuovo, V Grimani, A Garofano, N Camposarcone, L F Nardi
AIM: Many therapies exist for treatment of chronic low-back pain (LBP) including the use of muscle relaxant and analgesic drugs. The aim of this paper was to compare efficacy and tolerability of eperisone and tizanidine in combination treatment with tramadol in chronic LBP. METHODS: Sixty patients affected by chronic LBP associated with contractures of paravertebral muscles were randomized in two groups: Group E (30 patients) treated with eperisone; Group T (30 patients) treated with tizanidine...
June 2012: Minerva Medica
Claudia Coelho, Ricardo Figueiredo, Elmar Frank, Julia Burger, Martin Schecklmann, Michael Landgrebe, Berthold Langguth, Ana Belen Elgoyhen
Tinnitus, the phantom perception of sounds, is a highly prevalent disorder. Although a wide variety of drugs have been investigated off label for the treatment of tinnitus, there is no approved pharmacotherapy. We report an open-label exploratory pilot study to assess the effect of muscle relaxants acting on the central nervous system on tinnitus patients. Cyclobenzaprine at high (30 mg) and low doses (10 mg), orphenadrine (100 mg), tizanidine (24 mg) and eperisone (50 mg) were administered to a maximum of 20 patients per group over a 12-week period...
2012: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Akiko Takeuchi, Yumiko Kuroki, Fujiko Iitsuka, Kaoru Iita, Akiko Watanabe, Yayoi Hatano, Yoko Endo, Taro Mizutani, Toshiharu Yoshioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2011: Chūdoku Kenkyū: Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi, the Japanese Journal of Toxicology
A S Chandanwale, A Chopra, A Goregaonkar, B Medhi, V Shah, S Gaikwad, D G Langade, S Maroli, S C Mehta, A Naikwadi, D R Pawar
BACKGROUND: Eperisone hydrochloride is a centrally acting muscle relaxant inhibiting the pain reflex pathway, having a vasodilator effect. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of eperisone in patients with acute musculoskeletal spasm associated with low back pain. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentric trial conducted at five tertiary care orthopedic centers across India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was planned to enroll 240 patients of either sex between 18-60 years with acute musculoskeletal spasm (AMSP) with low back pain (LBP) due to spondylosis deformans, prolapsed disc or muscle sprain...
October 2011: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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