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Ernest H Law, Melissa Badowski, Yu-Ting Hung, Kimberly Weems, Angelica Sanchez, Todd A Lee
OBJECTIVE: Microscopic colitis (MC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon that is characterized by chronic, watery, nonbloody diarrhea. Concern regarding a potential association between proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and MC has recently emerged. We sought to systematically review and summarize the evidence for the potential association between PPIs and MC. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Google Scholar using the terms proton-pump inhibitors (omeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, pantoprazole, or esomeprazole), microscopic colitis, collagenous colitis, and lymphocytic colitis STUDY SELECTION: Full-text, English-language reports of case reports/series, observational studies, experimental studies, and systematic reviews/meta-analyses published between January 2000 to August 2016 were included...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Tadayoshi Okimoto, Kazuhiro Mizukami, Ryo Ogawa, Kazuhisa Okamoto, Mitsutaka Shuto, Kensuke Fukuda, Masaaki Kodama, Kazunari Murakami
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of esomeprazole-based triple therapy compared with rabeprazole-based triple therapy according to CYP2C19 genotype and clarithromycin susceptibility status for first-line eradication therapy of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in Japan. We enrolled 219 H. pylori-infected patients, and randomly allocated patients to the EAC group (esomeprazole 20 mg, clarithromycin 200 mg, amoxicillin 750 mg for one week, with all drugs given twice daily) or RAC group (rabeprazole 10 mg, clarithromycin 200 mg, amoxicillin 750 mg for one week, with all drugs given twice daily)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Jordi Redondo, Carlos Jaime, Albert Marqués
The use of deuterated drug bioisosteres to obtain superior pharmacokinetic properties or to investigate biotransformations at the molecular level is a growing field of pharmaceutical research. This work presents a NMR study on the deuteration of three structurally related antisecretory proton-pump inhibitors, the sodium salts of esomeprazole, 1, pantoprazole, 2, and rabeprazole, 3. It has been found that the methylene adjacent to the sulfinyl group displays stereoselective deuteration when the sodium salts of these products are dissolved at room temperature in D2O or CD3OD, a process that also occurs very efficiently in DMSO-d6 (a solvent considered non-deuterating) if a catalytic amount of NaOH is added...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Rosa Falcone, Michela Roberto, Chiara D'Antonio, Adriana Romiti, Annalisa Milano, Concetta Elisa Onesti, Paolo Marchetti, Stefano Fais
BACKGROUND: In recent years, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been investigated at high-dose to modulate tumour microenvironment acidification thus restoring chemotherapeutic sensitivity. Moreover, several clinical data supports the role of cytotoxic drugs at low-dose continuously delivered as anticancer therapy. METHODS: Clinical records of three patients affected with gastrointestinal cancer refractory to standard treatments, who had received a combination of high-dose rabeprazole and metronomic chemotherapy were reviewed...
September 1, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Francis K L Chan, Moe Kyaw, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Kazuhide Higuchi, Kazuma Fujimoto, Pui Kuan Cheong, Vivian Lee, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Yuji Naito, Toshio Watanabe, Jessica Y L Ching, Kelvin Lam, Angeline Lo, Heyson Chan, Rashid Lui, Raymond S Y Tang, Yasuhisa Sakata, Yee Kit Tse, Toshihisa Takeuchi, Osamu Handa, Hiroko Nebiki, Justin C Y Wu, Takashi Abe, Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Siew C Ng, Tetsuo Arakawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is not clear whether H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) reduce the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in aspirin users at high risk. We performed a double-blind randomized trial to compare the effects of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) vs a H2RA antagonist in preventing recurrent upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and ulcers in high-risk aspirin users. METHODS: We studied 270 users of low-dose aspirin (325 mg or less per day) with a history of endoscopically confirmed ulcer bleeding at 8 sites in Hong Kong and Japan...
September 15, 2016: Gastroenterology
Chia-Fen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen, Yen-Po Wang, Chi-Jen Chu, Yi-Hsiang Huang, Han-Chieh Lin, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee, Tung-Ping Su, Ching-Liang Lu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a serious complication of cirrhosis and is associated with gut dysbiosis. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), frequently prescribed to patients with cirrhosis, can contribute to small bowel bacterial overgrowth. We investigated whether PPI predisposes patients with cirrhosis to HE using a large database of patients. METHODS: We performed a case-control study nested within a sample of Taiwan National Health Insurance beneficiaries (n=1,000,000), followed longitudinally from 1998 through 2011...
September 14, 2016: Gastroenterology
Lingxiao Chen, Yujie Chen, Bo Li
Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been proved as safe and effective ways to treat patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). However, less is known about the comparisons among different PPIs and their best dosage. We aimed to synthesize the available evidence through network meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and safety of different PPIs in treating patients with NERD. Fifteen studies with 6309 patients were included in the meta-analyses. For the rate of symptomatic relief, compared with control groups, all interventions except rabeprazole 5 mg significantly increased rate of symptomatic relief...
2016: Scientific Reports
Evan W Colmenares, Ashley L Pappas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the relationship between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and symptoms of myopathy based on case reports. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in PubMed (1946 to June 2016) using MeSH terms proton pump inhibitors, omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, pantoprazole, and muscular diseases Additionally, a search was conducted in ToxNet and EMBASE using similar search criteria...
August 18, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Takeo Yasu, Takaaki Konuma, Seiko Kato, Yosuke Kurokawa, Satoshi Takahashi, Arinobu Tojo
Voriconazole (VRC) is widely used as prophylaxis and in the treatment of invasive fungal disease (IFD) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We retrospectively examined the results of VRC therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in allogeneic HCT recipients. A total of 474 samples were obtained from 59 adult patients who received VRC during the first 100 days following HCT between 2009 and 2014 in our institute. Seventeen patients received VRC for prophylaxis of IFD, and 42 received VRC for the empirical or preemptive therapy for IFD...
October 2016: Annals of Hematology
Jerzy Sarosiek
The esophageal pre-epithelial barrier encompasses components of secretions from both the esophageal submucosal and salivary glands. We demonstrated, in patients with reflux esophagitis (RE), significantly diminished luminal release of esophageal epidermal growth factor (EGF). The rate of luminal release of esophageal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) was significantly higher compared with controls and significantly declined after healing of RE. Patients with RE also exhibited significant declines in esophageal mucin secretion; however, after healing of RE with rabeprazole, this rate increased significantly...
August 17, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Qiang Niu, Zhongsu Wang, Yong Zhang, Jiangrong Wang, Pei Zhang, Cong Wang, Xiangcui Yin, Yinglong Hou
BACKGROUND: Published data indicated that combination use of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). This has been a highly controversial topic for years. DESIGN: The present study was performed to evaluate whether combination therapy of clopidogrel and PPIs is associated with increased risk of MACEs than with clopidogrel alone in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted for studies recording the occurrence of MACEs in patients with exposure to concomitant use of clopidogrel and PPIs up to February 2015...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
H Ohmure, K Kanematsu-Hashimoto, K Nagayama, H Taguchi, A Ido, K Tominaga, T Arakawa, S Miyawaki
Bruxism is a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or bracing or thrusting of the mandible. Recent advances have clarified the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux and sleep bruxism (SB). However, the influence of pharmacological elimination of gastric acid secretion on SB has not been confirmed. The authors aimed to assess the efficacy of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on SB and to examine the gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and endoscopic findings of the upper GI tract in SB patients...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Kenji Ikemura, Yugo Hamada, Chinatsu Kaya, Tomoyuki Enokiya, Yuichi Muraki, Hiroki Nakahara, Hajime Fujimoto, Tetsu Kobayashi, Takuya Iwamoto, Masahiro Okuda
Pemetrexed, a multitargeted antifolate, is eliminated by tubular secretion via human organic anion transporter 3 (hOAT3). Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are frequently used in cancer patients, the drug interaction between PPIs and pemetrexed remains to be clarified. In this study, we examined the drug interaction between pemetrexed and PPIs in hOAT3-expressing cultured cells, and retrospectively analyzed the impact of PPIs on the development of hematologic toxicity in 108 patients who received pemetrexed and carboplatin treatment of nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer for the first time between January 2011 and June 2015...
October 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Yiqiao Xin, Jan Manson, Lindsay Govan, Robin Harbour, Jenny Bennison, Eleanor Watson, Olivia Wu
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of the world's population is infected with Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori), a bacterium shown to be linked with a series of gastrointestinal diseases. A growing number of systematic reviews (SRs) have been published comparing the effectiveness of different treatments for H.pylori infection but have not reached a consistent conclusion. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of SRs of pharmacological therapies for the eradication of H.pylori...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Pengfei Zhao, Miaoduo Deng, Peiting Huang, Jia Yu, Xingjie Guo, Longshan Zhao
This report describes, for the first time, the simultaneous enantioselective determination of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs-omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, and rabeprazole) in environmental water matrices based on solid-phase extraction combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SPE-DLLME) and chiral liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The optimized results of SPE-DLLME were obtained with PEP-2 column using methanol-acetonitrile (1/1, v/v) as elution solvent, dichloroethane, and acetonitrile as extractant and disperser solvent, respectively...
September 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Paolo Marchetti, Annalisa Milano, Chiara D'Antonio, Adriana Romiti, Rosa Falcone, Michela Roberto, Stefano Fais
The acidification of extracellular compartment represents a conceivable mechanism of drug resistance in malignant cells. In addition, it has been reported to drive proliferation and promote invasion and metastasis. Experimental evidence has shown that proton pump inhibitors can counteract tumor acidification and restore sensitivity to anticancer drugs. Moreover, early clinical data have supported the role of proton pump inhibitors in anticancer treatments. Metronomic capecitabine has demonstrated beneficial effects as salvage chemotherapy for heavily pretreated or frail patients with gastrointestinal cancer...
June 23, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Satoka Shiratori, Katsuhiro Mabe, Shinji Yoshii, Yasunari Takakuwa, Masaaki Sato, Masahiko Nakamura, Takahiko Kudo, Mototsugu Kato, Masahiro Asaka, Naoya Sakamoto
Two men, 48 and 54 years of age, were referred for medical checkups without any particular symptoms. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a normal gastric body, but white marbled appearance in the lesser curvature of the gastric angle and antrum. Biopsy specimens revealed relatively long and tightly coiled organisms. The two patients were diagnosed as having non-Helicobacter pylori helicobacter (NHPH) infection according to the findings of pathological and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses...
2016: Internal Medicine
Christina I Kosma, Dimitra A Lambropoulou, Triantafyllos A Albanis
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) which include omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole and rabeprazole, are extensively used for the relief of gastro-intestinal disorders. Despite their high worldwide consumption, PPIs are extensively metabolized in human bodies and therefore are not regularly detected in monitoring studies. Very recently, however, it has been shown that some omeprazole metabolites may enter and are likely to persist in aquatic environment. Hence, to fully assess the environmental exposures and risks associated with PPIs, it is important to better understand and evaluate the fate and behavior not only of the parent compound but also of their metabolites and their transformation products arising from biotic and abiotic processes (hydrolysis, photodegradation, biodegradation etc...
November 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Yuki Yamasaki, Takashi Fujimura, Katsunobu Oyama, Yuki Higashi, Atsushi Hirose, Tomoya Tsukada, Koichi Okamoto, Jun Kinoshita, Keishi Nakamura, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Takamura, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are frequently prescribed to patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease; however, the number of bone fractures reportedly increased in these patients. Although PPIs have been shown to inhibit the bone resorption by osteoclasts, the effect of PPIs on skeletal metabolism remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of the PPI rabeprazole on skeletal metabolism using gastrectomized rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: i) Sham-surgery (n=15); ii) total gastrectomy (TG) control (n=20); iii) TG plus rabeprazole (n=20); and iv) TG plus the bisphosphonate minodronic acid (n=20)...
July 2016: Biomedical Reports
Makoto Ogawa, Kiyohito Hosokawa, Toshihiko Iwahashi, Hidenori Inohara
CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an independent etiological factor predicting retardation of the resolution of laryngeal granuloma. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of combined usage of an inhaled corticosteroid plus tranilast and/or a proton pump inhibitor on the size of granulomatous lesions, and to reveal etiological factors related to the outcome using the Kaplan-Meier method and a subsequent multivariate analysis...
June 22, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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