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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650250/a-retrospective-longitudinal-claims-based-comparison-of-concomitant-diagnoses-between-individuals-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#1
Amanda M Kong, Dana Hurley, Kristin A Evans, Diana Brixner, Csilla Csoboth, Jeannie Visootsak
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) experience various comorbidities in excess of the prevalence seen among the non-DS population. However, the extent of the excess burden of comorbidities specifically within commercially and publicly insured DS populations aged < 21 years is not currently known. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the most common diagnoses among individuals with DS who have either commercial or Medicaid insurance and (b) compare the prevalence of those diagnoses between DS cases and non-DS controls...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647382/il-17a-gene-polymorphism-rs2275913-is-associated-with-the-development-of-asthma-after-bronchiolitis-in-infancy
#2
Annukka Holster, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Eero Lauhkonen, Sari Törmänen, Merja Helminen, Petri Koponen, Matti Korppi, Ville Peltola, Qiushui He, Kirsi Nuolivirta
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-17 (IL-17A) is a mainly pro-inflammatory cytokine, and IL-17 signaling implicates in the development of allergic asthma. The polymorphism rs2275913 in the promoter region of the IL-17A gene has in previous studies been associated with asthma susceptibility. The objective was to evaluate the association between IL-17A rs2275913 (-197G>A) polymorphism and post-bronchiolitis asthma and/or allergic rhinitis in a prospective 11-13 years post-bronchiolitis follow-up...
June 21, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643673/-allergy-to-drugs-experience-in-771-procedures
#3
María Cecilia Juri, Diego S Fernández Romero, Blas Larrauri, Eloísa Malbrán, Gabriela Torre, Alejandro Malbrán
Drug hypersensitivity reactions (RHD) are those that present clinically as allergic. They can or cannot involve an immunologic mechanism of lesion. They are frequent and, occasionally, life threatening. Patients with RHD repeat the reaction when they are re-exposed to the drug, limiting the therapeutic options and exposing them to more expensive and toxic drugs. It is difficult to identify the responsible drug when the reaction was not recent or when it occurred in the context of therapy with multiple drugs or confusing concurrent diseases...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642307/urban-green-and-grey-space-in-relation-to-respiratory-health-in-children
#5
Christina Tischer, Mireia Gascon, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardón, Aitana Lertxundi Materola, Jesus Ibarluzea, Amparo Ferrero, Marisa Estarlich, Marta Cirach, Martine Vrijheid, Elaine Fuertes, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Josep M Antó, Jordi Sunyer, Payam Dadvand
We assessed the effect of three different indices of urban built environment on allergic and respiratory conditions.This study involved 2472 children participating in the ongoing INMA birth cohort located in two bio-geographic regions (Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean) in Spain. Residential surrounding built environment was characterised as 1) residential surrounding greenness based on satellite-derived normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), 2) residential proximity to green spaces and 3) residential surrounding greyness based on urban land use patterns...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641549/relevance-of-cat-and-dog-sensitization-by-skin-prick-testing-in-childhood-eczema-and-asthma
#6
Kam Lun E Lun Hon, Kathy Yin Ching Tsang, Ting Fan Leung
BACKGROUND: Household animal dander has been implicated as aeroallergen in childhood atopic diseases. Many parents seek healthcare advice if household pet keeping may be detrimental in atopic eczema (AE) and atopies. AIM: We investigated if skin sensitization by cat/dog dander was associated with disease severity and quality of life in children with AE. METHODS: Demographics, skin prick test (SPT) results, disease severity (Nottingham eczema severity score NESS), Children Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), blood IgE and eosinophil counts of a cohort of AE patients were reviewed...
June 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639856/adverse-events-are-rare-after-single-dose-montelukast-exposures-in-children
#7
Donald H Arnold, Nena Bowman, Theodore F Reiss, Tina V Hartert, Donna L Seger
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Montelukast sodium is a leukotriene-receptor antagonist approved as a controller medication for chronic asthma and allergic rhinitis in children and adults. We sought to characterize adverse events associated with single montelukast exposures in children ages 5-17 years and to determine whether adverse events were dose related for all-dose and for ultra-high-dose (≥50 mg) exposures. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data from the National Poison Data System for exposures that included montelukast in individuals aged 5-17 years for calendar years 2000-2016...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639121/montelukast-use-a-19-year-nationwide-drug-utilisation-study
#8
Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Jesper Rømhild Davidsen, Christian B Laursen, Anders Christiansen, Per Damkier, Jesper Hallas, Anton Pottegård
PURPOSE: Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist used in asthma and rhinitis treatment. Despite being marketed nearly two decades ago, little is known about its utilisation pattern. METHODS: Using the Danish National Prescription Registry, we identified subjects filling a montelukast prescription between 1998 and 2017. Using descriptive statistics, we reported the development in incidence, and prevalence, as well as a measure of treatment duration, and concomitant use of asthma- or anti-allergic therapy...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638358/learning-to-detect-triggers-of-airway-symptoms-the-role-of-illness-beliefs-conceptual-categories-and-actual-experience-with-allergic-symptoms
#9
Thomas Janssens, Eva Caris, Ilse Van Diest, Omer Van den Bergh
Background: In asthma and allergic rhinitis, beliefs about what triggers allergic reactions often do not match objective allergy tests. This may be due to insensitivity for expectancy violations as a result of holding trigger beliefs based on conceptual relationships among triggers. In this laboratory experiment, we aimed to investigate how pre-existing beliefs and conceptual relationships among triggers interact with actual experience when learning differential symptom expectations. Methods: Healthy participants (N = 48) received information that allergic reactions were a result of specific sensitivities versus general allergic vulnerability...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638279/preventive-actions-of-allergen-immunotherapy-the-facts-and-the-effects-in-search-of-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Irene Martignago, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Erminia Ridolo
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is the only treatment that works on the causes of allergy. Available AIT nowadays are subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for allergic rhinitis and asthma, while for allergy to Hymenoptera venom only subcutaneous route is recommended. A bulk of trials and meta-analyses demonstrated that efficacy and safety of AIT in decreasing allergic clinical symptoms and use of rescue medications, while its preventive capacity is yet under investigation. The most important of these effects is the prevention of potentially fatal anaphylactic reactions to Hymenoptera stings by venom immunotherapy (VIT)...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636737/is-there-an-association-between-migraine-and-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Işıl Adadan Güvenç, Mustafa Acar, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Nagehan Erdogmus Kucukcan, Cemal Cingi
We conducted a prospective study to evaluate nasal signs and symptoms and to perform allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) testing to investigate the relationship between migraine and allergic rhinitis. Our study group consisted of 40 patients diagnosed with migraine-22 men and 18 women, aged 21 to 38 years (mean: 25.7). We compared their findings with a control group of 40 healthy adults-15 men and 25 women, aged 19 to 36 years (mean: 25.1). Allergen-specific IgE measurements were obtained with six groups of allergens: fungi, grass pollens, tree pollens, wild herbs, house dust mite 1, and house dust mite 2...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635907/-the-problem-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-asthmatic-patients
#12
E G Sheludko, D E Naumov, Yu M Perelman, V P Kolosov
Asthma and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases. These have common risk factors that include obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and impaired nasal breathing (allergic rhinitis, sinusitis). At the same time, experimental evidence demonstrates common pathophysiological mechanisms of these diseases, such as involvement in the process of the respiratory tract, a systemic inflammatory response, and implementation of neuromechanical reflexes...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635218/-nasal-irrigation-for-the-treatment-of-vasomotor-rhinitis-a-pilot-study
#13
L Lin, Q Lu, X Y Tang, F Dai, J J Wei
Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of simple 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and combined treatment of 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and budesonide nasal spray for vasomotor rhinitis (VMR), and explore the long-term effect for VMR. Through examination of levels of substance P (SP) and mucin (MUC)5B in nasal lavage fluid, the mechanisms of nasal irrigation treatment for VMR was discussed. Methods: One hundred and one patients from Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University with VMR were randomly divided into 4 groups...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633877/epithelial-proteome-profiling-suggests-essential-role-of-interferon-inducible-proteins-in-allergic-rhinitis
#14
Joseph Ndika, Liisa Airaksinen, Hille Suojalehto, Piia Karisola, Nanna Fyhrquist, Anne Puustinen, Harri Alenius
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) as a result of intermittent exposure to seasonal pollen, causes itching, nasal congestion and repeated sneezing, with profound effects on the quality of life, work productivity and school performance. While both the genotype and environmental factors may contribute to the immunological basis of allergic reactions, the molecular underpinnings associated with the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis are not entirely clear. METHODS: To address these questions, nasal epithelial brushings were collected from 29 SAR and 31 Control individuals during and after the pollen season...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633721/allergic-and-non-allergic-rhinitis-are-common-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-but-not-associated-with-disease-severity
#15
Ming Zheng, Xiangdong Wang, Siqi Ge, Ying Gu, Xiu Ding, Yuhuan Zhang, Jingying Ye, Luo Zhang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Several studies have suggested that rhinitis contributes to the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We aimed to investigate the prevalence and influence of allergic rhinitis (AR) and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) on severity of OSA. METHODS: Two hundred forty patients with OSA confirmed by standardized polysomnography were assessed for presence of AR and NAR, using validated questionnaires and skin prick tests. Data comparison was carried out by using chi-square test, analysis of variance, and least significant difference test...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631812/identification-of-allergens-by-ige-specific-testing-improves-outcomes-in-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Brett M Will, Richard Severino, Douglas W Johnson
INTRODUCTION: IgE quantitative assaying of allergens (IgEQAA) has long been implemented by allergists in determining patients' reactivities for allergic rhinitis and asthma, two of the three diagnoses in atopic syndrome. This test operates by measuring the patient's IgE response to different allergens and can identify potential triggers for a patient's symptoms. Despite this, IgEQAA has yet to see the same widespread use in the field of dermatology, specifically in the treatment of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD)...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631690/-medically-induced-rhinitis
#17
E V Nosulya
This paper summarizes the currently accepted concepts of the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the morphological and functional changes in intranasal mucosa of the patients having a long history of the application of the long-acting topical vasoconstrictor agents. The author presents the data illustrating the effectiveness of various methods for the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of medically-induced rhinitis.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629670/trends-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-allergic-rhinitis-symptoms-in-primary-schoolchildren-six-years-apart-in-budapest
#18
M Sultész, I Balogh, G Katona, G Mezei, A Hirschberg, G Gálffy
BACKGROUND: Few data are available concerning the time trends and risk factors associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in schoolchildren in Hungary. METHODS: At an interval of six years, parents of 6-12-year-old children completed identical ISAAC-based and additional questionnaires related to possible risk factors. RESULTS: Response rate was 62.8% with 6335 questionnaires distributed in 2007, and 52.9% with 6441 questionnaires in 2013. The prevalence of current AR symptoms (subjects presenting clinical symptoms of AR in the past 12 months, but had yet to be diagnosed by physician) increased significantly from 14...
June 16, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626165/identification-and-functional-profiling-of-differentially-expressed-long-non-coding-rnas-in-nasal-mucosa-with-allergic-rhinitis
#19
Zhiqi Ma, Yaoshu Teng, Xiang Liu, Jing Li, Jiangwei Mo, Min Sha, Yong Li
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proved to play important roles in a variety of human immune diseases. However, their pathological effects on the development of allergic rhinitis (AR) have not been clearly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the expression profile of lncRNAs in nasal mucosa of AR patients by lncRNA microarray and to predict potential roles of specific lncRNAs in the pathogenic mechanisms of AR by analysis of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network, Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625008/the-role-of-local-allergy-in-the-nasal-inflammation
#20
REVIEW
Ke-Jia Cheng, Min-Li Zhou, Ying-Ying Xu, Shui-Hong Zhou
Local allergic inflammation (LAI) is recognized recently. 'entopy' was used to define LAI, which was positively correlated with allergen provocation testing, local sIgE up-regulation, inflammatory mediator secretion, and a lack of systemic allergy. The study of LAI is in its infancy and focuses mainly on the respiratory system. It is closely related to nasal inflammation and plays important roles in patients with nonallergic rhinitis (NAR), nonallergic chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and nonallergic fungal rhinosinusitis (NAFRS)...
June 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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