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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104013/-correlation-between-the-visiting-rate-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-airborne-pollen-concentrations-in-beijing-in-recent-3-years
#1
W N Hu, L Zhu, L F Xie, F Z Zhang, M Y Bai, N Wang, Z W Sun
Objective: To evaluate the daily airborne pollen concentrations and visiting rate of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and their correlation during 2012-2014 in Beijing. Methods: Daily airborne pollen concentrations (55 998 numbers in total and 549 numbers in average) and its constitution from April to September each year (2012 to 2014) were compared. The number of patients with AR (44 203 in total) who visited the outpatient department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital between January 2012 and December 2014 was analyzed by month...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102718/vitamin-d-status-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Zahra Aryan, Nima Rezaei, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: The role of vitamin D status in the etiology of allergic diseases is uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of vitamin D status with risk of two main outcomes: aeroallergen sensitization and allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of Medline, Scopus, Science Citation Index, and Google Scholar databases. Studies were included if they reported on prevalent or incident cases of aeroallergen sensitization or AR according to vitamin D status...
January 19, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102062/the-role-of-il-17-in-a-lipopolysaccharide-induced-rhinitis-model
#3
Jun Sang Bae, Ji Hye Kim, Eun Hee Kim, Ji Hun Mo
PURPOSE: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria and important for pro-inflammatory mediators. This study aimed to establish a rhinitis model using ovalbumin (OVA) and LPS in order to evaluate the role of interleukin (IL)-17 in the pathogenesis of an LPS-induced non-eosionophilic rhinitis model. METHODS: Mice were divided into 4 groups and each group consisted of 10 mice (negative control group, allergic rhinitis model group, 1-μg LPS treatment group, and 10-μg LPS treatment group)...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102058/neonatal-immune-state-is-influenced-by-maternal-allergic-rhinitis-and-associated-with-regulatory-t-cells
#4
Lu Tan, Jing Ou, Zezhang Tao, Yonggang Kong, Yu Xu
PURPOSE: Maternal influences contribute to the origin of allergic diseases, but the mechanisms are not clear. The current literature prompted the role of epigenetics in the development of allergic diseases. We sought to investigate the roles of regulatory T (Treg) cells and Forkhead box p3 (Foxp3) DNA methylation in the process of maternal transmission of allergic rhinitis (AR) susceptibility. METHODS: BALB/c female mice (AR mother) were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 on day 1 and 7...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102056/asthma-related-outcomes-in-patients-initiating-extrafine-ciclesonide-or-fine-particle-inhaled-corticosteroids
#5
Dirkje S Postma, Richard Dekhuijzen, Thys van der Molen, Richard J Martin, Wim van Aalderen, Nicolas Roche, Theresa W Guilbert, Elliot Israel, Daniela van Eickels, Javaria Mona Khalid, Ron M C Herings, Jetty A Overbeek, Cristiana Miglio, Victoria Thomas, Catherine Hutton, Elizabeth V Hillyer, David B Price
PURPOSE: Extrafine-particle inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have greater small airway deposition than standard fine-particle ICS. We sought to compare asthma-related outcomes after patients initiated extrafine-particle ciclesonide or fine-particle ICS (fluticasone propionate or non-extrafine beclomethasone). METHODS: This historical, matched cohort study included patients aged 12-60 years prescribed their first ICS as ciclesonide or fine-particle ICS. The 2 cohorts were matched 1:1 for key demographic and clinical characteristics over the baseline year...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101683/allergy-histamine-and-antihistamines
#6
Martin K Church
This chapter concentrates on the role in allergic disease of histamine acting on H1-receptors. It is clear that allergy has its roots in the primary parasite rejection response in which mast cell-derived histamine creates an immediate hostile environment and eosinophils are recruited for killing. This pattern is seen in allergic rhinitis where the early events of mucus production and nasal itching are primarily histamine mediated whereas nasal blockage is secondary to eosinophil infiltration and activation...
January 19, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100959/hydrogen-rich-saline-attenuates-eosinophil-activation-in-a-guinea-pig-model-of-allergic-rhinitis-via-reducing-oxidative-stress
#7
Shaoqing Yu, Chuanliang Zhao, Na Che, Lin Jing, Rongming Ge
BACKGROUND: It is well considered that reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a prominent causative role in the development of allergic rhinitis (AR), and eosinophils cells as important allergic inflammatory cells contribute to elevating oxidative stress. Hydrogen, emerging as a novel antioxidant, has been proven effective in selectively reducing ROS in animals models of oxidative damage. We herein aim to verify protective effects of hydrogen on eosinophils cells in guinea pigs models of AR...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098165/combination-of-mometasone-furoate-and-oxymetazoline-for-the-treatment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-concomitant-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Wenlong Liu, Lifeng Zhou, Qingxiang Zeng, Renzhong Luo
In the clinic, approximately 30% of children with adenoid hypertrophy (AH) concomitant with allergic rhinitis (AR) report poor responses to intranasal steroids. To determine whether the combination of mometasone furoate (MF) and oxymetazoline (OXY) is more effective than either agent alone, we performed a two-stage, parallel, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, clinical trial with 240 AH children with concomitant perennial AR. During the first stage, all children were randomly assigned to the MF or control group for six weeks of treatment...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096738/clinical-management-expectations-and-satisfaction-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-treated-with-sq-standardized-grass-allergen-tablet-under-routine-clinical-practice-conditions-in-spain
#9
Tomás Chivato, Pedro Álvarez-Calderón, Carmen Panizo, Ricardo Abengozar, César Alías, Ali Al-Baech, José Arias-Irigoyen, M José Caballero, Lluis Conill, Silvia de Miguel, Rafael Laguna, Joan Martínez-Benazet, Francisco Matoses, Jose Camilo Martínez-Alonso, Lourdes Mendizábal, Celsa Pérez-Carral, Carlos Puerto, Joan Serra-Batllés, Adolfo Vélez, Jonathan Vicente, Fernando de la Torre
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy has been proven as a well-tolerated and effective treatment for allergic rhinitis. Within this type of treatment, GRAZAX(®) is the most documented product in terms of safety and efficacy. The objective of this study was to identify the patients' expectations and level of treatment satisfaction, as well as the clinical management of patients with moderate/severe allergic rhinoconjunctivitis treated with GRAZAX(®). METHODS: This was a non-interventional, observational, multi-centre, open-label study involving a total of 131 adult patients aged 18-66 years with confirmed diagnosis of grass-allergy and initiated treatment with GRAZAX(®) between June 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091681/microbial-rrna-sequencing-analysis-of-evaporative-cooler-indoor-environments-located-in-the-great-basin-desert-region-of-the-united-states
#10
Angela R Lemons, Mary Beth Hogan, Ruth A Gault, Kathleen Holland, Edward Sobek, Kimberly A Olsen-Wilson, Yeonmi Park, Ju-Hyeong Park, Ja Kook Gu, Michael L Kashon, Brett J Green
Recent studies conducted in the Great Basin Desert region of the United States have shown that skin test reactivity to fungal and dust mite allergens are increased in children with asthma or allergy living in homes with evaporative coolers (EC). The objective of this study was to determine if the increased humidity previously reported in EC homes leads to varying microbial populations compared to homes with air conditioners (AC). Children with physician-diagnosed allergic rhinitis living in EC or AC environments were recruited into the study...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090651/incidence-of-skin-and-respiratory-diseases-among-danish-hairdressing-apprentices
#11
Majken H Foss-Skiftesvik, Lone Winther, Claus R Johnsen, Claus Zachariae, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: Hairdressing is one of the professions with the highest risk of occupational skin and respiratory diseases. The incidence of these diseases in hairdressing apprentices has been studied only sparsely. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of skin and respiratory diseases in hairdressing apprentices, and to explore whether hairdressing apprentices leave the trade during training because of these diseases. METHODS: A 3-year follow-up questionnaire study was conducted among 248 hairdressing apprentices and a control group comprising 816 young adults from the general population...
January 16, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087907/-effect-of-methyleugenol-on-expression-of-muc5ac-in-nasal-mucosa-of-rats-with-allergic-rhinitis
#12
Nannan Meng, Yun Hou, Yan Gui, Kehu Xi, Youhu Wang, Jing Yang, Hong Chen, Xiaobing Zhang
Objective: To investigate the effect of methyleugenol on expression of MUC5AC in nasal mucosa of rats with allergic rhinitis (AR). Methods: Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups:normal control group, AR group, loratadine group, low-dose methyleugenol group, middle-dose methyleugenol group and high-dose methyleugenol group with 12 rats in each group. AR was induced by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin in latter 5 groups. 10 mg loratadine q.d was given to rats in loratadine group by gavage; and 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg methyleugenol were given by gavege q...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081319/chronic-cough-clinical-characteristics-and-etiologies-of-510-cases
#13
Guiyuan Jiang, Xinying Huang, Tianlin Li, Dongping Xu
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the clinical features and underlying etiologies of chronic cough (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and ten CC patients were enrolled. The phases, characteristics and associated clinical manifestations of CC among the gastroesophageal reflux cough (GERC), cough-variant asthma (CVA), and upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) groups were compared, and the diagnostic values of each group were evaluated by multiple regression analysis...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080910/use-of-computed-tomography-for-investigation-of-rhinitis-and-sinusitis-in-a-greater-rhea-rhea-americana
#14
Anne M Meyer, Kristen Phair, Gary West
Sinusitis is a common finding in avian species; however, it presents unique treatment challenges in ratites. A 6-yr-old male greater rhea ( Rhea americana ) presented acutely with right infraorbital sinus swelling and chemosis. Oral antibiotics were prescribed based on bacterial culture results with incomplete resolution of clinical signs. A computed tomography scan of the skull demonstrated a mixed-density soft tissue mass with extensive destruction of the right nasal bone, hard palate, maxilla, and frontal bone...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078863/nasal-irrigation-with-nasir%C3%A2-in-children-a-preliminary-experience-on-nasal-cytology
#15
M Gelardi, S Taliente, K Piccininni, G Silvestre, N Quaranta, G Ciprandi
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and upper airway respiratory infections are frequent in children, and both have a relevant impact on some social aspects, including school attendance and performance, sleep, quality of life (also of the parents), and costs. Saline nasal irrigation is widely employed to reduce nasal congestion and mucopurulent secretion, to stimulate cleansing of the nasal and paranasal cavities, and to induce restoration of mucociliary clearance. The present study evaluated the effects of nasal irrigation on nasal cytology, using the new device Nasir® in 66 children (40 males, 26 females, mean age 7...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078081/occurrence-of-pasteurella-multocida-among-pigs-with-respiratory-disease-in-china-between-2011-and-2015
#16
Huisheng Liu, Zhanqin Zhao, Xiaojian Xi, Qiao Xue, Ta Long, Yun Xue
BACKGROUND: Prior to the 1990s, P. multocida capsular serogroup A was the most prevalent in China, followed by serogroups B and D. Thirty years later, serogroup D became the most prevalent, followed by serogroups A and B. However, the P. multocida capsular serogroups currently circulating in China remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide an update on P. multocida serogroups isolated from diagnostic samples collected from clinically diseased pigs in Central and Eastern China from 2011 to 2015...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077477/the-global-asthma-network-rationale-and-methods-for-phase-i-global-surveillance-prevalence-severity-management-and-risk-factors
#17
Philippa Ellwood, M Innes Asher, Nils E Billo, Karen Bissell, Chen-Yuan Chiang, Eamon M Ellwood, Asma El-Sony, Luis García-Marcos, Javier Mallol, Guy B Marks, Neil E Pearce, David P Strachan
The Global Asthma Network (GAN), established in 2012, followed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). ISAAC Phase One involved over 700 000 adolescents and children from 156 centres in 56 countries; it found marked worldwide variation in symptom prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema that was not explained by the current understanding of these diseases; ISAAC Phase Three involved over 1 187 496 adolescents and children (237 centres in 98 countries). It found that asthma symptom prevalence was increasing in many locations especially in low- and middle-income countries where severity was also high, and identified several environmental factors that required further investigation...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074172/non-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-epidemiological-aspects-pathological-features-diagnostic-methodology-and-clinical-management
#18
REVIEW
Dimitri Poddighe, Matteo Gelardi, Amelia Licari, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Chronic rhinitis is a very common disease, as the prevalence in the general population resulted to be 40%. Allergic rhinitis has been considered to be the most frequent form of chronic rhinitis, as non-allergic rhinitis has been estimated to account for 25%. However, several evidences suggested that non-allergic rhinitis have been underrated, especially in children. In pediatrics, the diagnostic definition of non-allergic rhinitis has been often limited to the exclusion of an allergic sensitization. Actually, local allergic rhinitis has been often misdiagnosed as well as mixed rhinitis has not been recognized in most cases...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073613/effect-of-nasal-allergen-challenge-in-allergic-rhinitis-on-mitochondrial-function-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#19
Shanshan Qi, Cindy Barnig, Anne-Laure Charles, Anh Poirot, Alain Meyer, Raphaël Clere-Jehl, Fréderic de Blay, Bernard Geny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072463/pilot-study-of-mobile-phone-technology-in-allergic-rhinitis-in-european-countries-the-mask-rhinitis-study
#20
J Bousquet, D P Caimmi, A Bedbrook, M Bewick, P W Hellings, P Devillier, S Arnavielhe, C Bachert, K C Bergmann, G W Canonica, N Chavannes, A A Cruz, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, E Mathieu-Dupas, A Fink Wagner, J Fonseca, N Guldemond, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, M Kuitunen, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, A M Pereira, P Carreiro-Martins, E Melén, M Morais-Almeida, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, L Nogueira-Silva, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, F Portejoie, D Price, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, V Siroux, O Spranger, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, O VandenPlas, S van der Meulen, M van Eerd, M Wickman, T Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: The use of Apps running on smartphones and tablets profoundly affects medicine. The MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) App (Allergy Diary) assesses allergic rhinitis symptoms, disease control and impact on patients' lives. It is freely available in 20 countries (iOS and Android platforms). AIMS: To assess in a pilot study whether (i) Allergy Diary users were able to properly provide baseline characteristics (ii) simple phenotypic characteristics based upon data captured by the Allergy Diary could be identified and (iii) information gathered by this study could suggest novel research questions...
January 10, 2017: Allergy
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