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Synthetic transcriptional factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525281/interaction-of-7-alkoxycoumarins-with-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor
#1
Marco Gargaro, Francesco Epifano, Serena Fiorito, Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Salvatore Genovese, Matteo Pirro, Antonella Turco, Paolo Puccetti, Carsten B Schmidt-Weber, Francesca Fallarino
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor activated by a vast array of natural and synthetic ligands. It plays a pivotal role in numerous physiological and pathological responses, such as cell proliferation and differentiation, induction of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, response to environmental toxins, and several others. In this study, we investigated the ability of some natural compounds (oxyprenylated ferulic acid and umbelliferone derivatives) and their semisynthetic analogues (e...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520786/a-systematic-genetic-screen-for-genes-involved-in-sensing-inorganic-phosphate-availability-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#2
Joonhyuk Choi, Abbhirami Rajagopal, Yi-Fan Xu, Joshua D Rabinowitz, Erin K O'Shea
Saccharomyces cerevisiae responds to changes in extracellular inorganic phosphate (Pi) availability by regulating the activity of the phosphate-responsive (PHO) signaling pathway, enabling cells to maintain intracellular levels of the essential nutrient Pi. Pi-limitation induces upregulation of inositol heptakisphosphate (IP7) synthesized by the inositol hexakisphosphate kinase Vip1, triggering inhibition of the Pho80/Pho85 cyclin-cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) complex by the CDK inhibitor Pho81, which upregulates the PHO regulon through the CDK target and transcription factor Pho4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520713/combining-inferred-regulatory-and-reconstructed-metabolic-networks-enhances-phenotype-prediction-in-yeast
#3
Zhuo Wang, Samuel A Danziger, Benjamin D Heavner, Shuyi Ma, Jennifer J Smith, Song Li, Thurston Herricks, Evangelos Simeonidis, Nitin S Baliga, John D Aitchison, Nathan D Price
Gene regulatory and metabolic network models have been used successfully in many organisms, but inherent differences between them make networks difficult to integrate. Probabilistic Regulation Of Metabolism (PROM) provides a partial solution, but it does not incorporate network inference and underperforms in eukaryotes. We present an Integrated Deduced And Metabolism (IDREAM) method that combines statistically inferred Environment and Gene Regulatory Influence Network (EGRIN) models with the PROM framework to create enhanced metabolic-regulatory network models...
May 17, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510338/therapeutic-targeting-of-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-1-in-cancer-current-developments-therapeutic-strategies-and-future-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Jyotika Rajawat, Nidhi Shukla, Durga Prasad Mishra
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) is key protein involved in numerous cellular processes including DNA repair, replication, and transcription. PARP interacts directly, indirectly, or via PARylation with various oncogenic proteins and regulates several transcription factors, thereby modulating carcinogenesis. Therapeutic inhibition of PARP is therefore perceived as a promising anticancer strategy, and a number of PARP inhibitors (PARPi) are in different stages of clinical evaluation. PARPi inhibit the DNA repair pathway and thus form the concept of synthetic lethality in cancer therapeutics...
May 16, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502669/biomimetic-tendon-extracellular-matrix-composite-gradient-scaffold-enhances-ligament-to-bone-junction-reconstruction
#5
Huanhuan Liu, Long Yang, Erchen Zhang, Rui Zhang, Dandan Cai, Shouan Zhu, Jisheng Ran, Varitsara Bunpetch, Youzhi Cai, Boon Chin Heng, Yejun Hu, Xuesong Dai, Xiao Chen, Hongwei Ouyang
Management of ligament/tendon-to-bone-junction healing remains a formidable challenge in the field of orthopedic medicine to date, due to deficient vascularity and multi-tissue transitional structure of the junction. Numerous strategies have been employed to improve ligament-bone junction healing, including delivery of stem cells, bioactive factors, and synthetic materials, but these methods are often inadequate at recapitulating the complex structure-function relationships at native tissue interfaces. Here, we developed an easily-fabricated and effective biomimetic composite to promote the regeneration of ligament-bone junction by physically modifying the tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) into a Random-Aligned-Random composite using ultrasound treatment...
May 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501631/plasmid-transfection-in-bovine-cells-optimization-using-a-realtime-monitoring-of-green-fluorescent-protein-and-effect-on-gene-reporter-assay
#6
J S Osorio, M Bionaz
Gene reporter technology (GRT) has opened several new avenues for monitoring biological events including the activation of transcription factors, which are central to the study of nutrigenomics. However, this technology relies heavily on the insertion of foreign plasmid DNA into the nuclei of cells (i.e., transfection), which can be very challenging and highly variable among cell types. The objective of this study was to investigate the optimal conditions to generate reliable GRT assay data on bovine immortalized cell lines, Madin Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) and bovine mammary epithelial alveolar (MACT) cells...
May 10, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500265/acyl-coa-binding-protein-acbp1-modulates-sterol-synthesis-during-embryogenesis
#7
Shiu-Cheung Lung, Pan Liao, Edward Chee-Tak Yeung, An-Shan Hsiao, Yan Xue, Mee-Len Chye
Fatty acids (FAs) and sterols are primary metabolites that exert interrelated functions as structural and signaling lipids. Despite their common syntheses from acetyl-CoA, homeostatic crosstalk remains enigmatic. Six Arabidopsis acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs) are involved in FA metabolism. ACBP1 interacts with PHOSPHOLIPASE Dα1 and regulates phospholipid composition. Herein, its specific role in negative modulation of sterol synthesis during embryogenesis is reported. ACBP1, likely in a liganded state, interacts with STEROL C4-METHYL OXIDASE1-1 (SMO1-1), a rate-limiting enzyme in the sterol pathway...
May 12, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489326/highly-selective-stable-isotope-labeling-of-histidine-residues-using-a-novel-precursor-in-e-coli-based-overexpression-systems
#8
Julia Schörghuber, Leonhard Geist, Gerald Platzer, Robert Konrat, Roman Lichtenecker
The importance of NMR spectroscopy in unraveling the structural and dynamic properties of proteins is ever-expanding due to progress in experimental techniques, hardware development and novel labeling approaches. Multiple sophisticated methods of aliphatic residue labeling can be found in the literature, whereas the selective incorporation of NMR active isotopes into other amino acids still holds the potential for improvement. In order to close this methodical gap, we present a novel metabolic precursor for cell-based protein overexpression to assemble 13C/2H isotope patterns in backbone, as well as in side chain positions of the mechanistically distinguished histidine residue...
May 10, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487682/a-novel-spiro-heterocyclic-compound-identified-by-the-silkworm-infection-model-inhibits-transcription-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#9
Atmika Paudel, Hiroshi Hamamoto, Suresh Panthee, Keiichi Kaneko, Shigeki Matsunaga, Motomu Kanai, Yutaka Suzuki, Kazuhisa Sekimizu
Synthetic compounds are a vital source of antimicrobial agents. To uncover therapeutically effective antimicrobial agents from a chemical library, we screened over 100,000 synthetic compounds for in vitro antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and evaluated the in vivo therapeutic effectiveness of the hits in S. aureus-infected silkworms. Three antimicrobial agents exhibited therapeutic effects in the silkworm infection model. One of these, GPI0363, a novel spiro-heterocyclic compound, was bacteriostatic and inhibited RNA synthesis in S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486552/identification-of-novel-mirnas-and-mirna-expression-profiling-in-embryogenic-tissues-of-picea-balfouriana-treated-by-6-benzylaminopurine
#10
Qingfen Li, Cheng Deng, Yan Xia, Lisheng Kong, Hanguo Zhang, Shougong Zhang, Junhui Wang
Here, we compared miRNA expression profiles in embryonic cell cultures of the conifer Picea balfouriana following application of the synthetic cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP). We used next-generation sequencing to analyze three libraries of small RNAs from the treated embryogenic cell cultures and generated 24,000,000 raw reads from each of the libraries. Over 70 differentially regulated micro RNA (miRNA) families (≥2 fold change in expression) were identified between pairs of treatments. A quantitative analysis showed that miR3633 and miR1026 were upregulated in tissues with the highest embryogenic ability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480569/expression-and-targeting-of-transcription-factor-atf5-in-dog-gliomas
#11
D York, C D Sproul, N Chikere, P J Dickinson, J M Angelastro
BACKGROUND: Activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) is a transcription factor that is highly expressed in undifferentiated neural progenitor/stem cells as well as a variety of human cancers including gliomas. AIMS: In this study, we examined the expression and localization of ATF5 protein in canine gliomas, and targeting of ATF5 function in canine glioma cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paraffin-embedded canine brain glioma tissue sections and western blots of tumours and glioma cells were immunoassayed with anti-ATF5 antibody...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480128/self-adjusting-synthetic-gene-circuit-for-correcting-insulin-resistance
#12
Haifeng Ye, Mingqi Xie, Shuai Xue, Ghislaine Charpin-El Hamri, Jianli Yin, Henryk Zulewski, Martin Fussenegger
By using tools from synthetic biology, sophisticated genetic devices can be assembled to reprogram mammalian cell activities. Here, we demonstrate that a self-adjusting synthetic gene circuit can be designed to sense and reverse the insulin-resistance syndrome in different mouse models. By functionally rewiring the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway to produce MAPK-mediated activation of the hybrid transcription factor TetR-ELK1, we assembled a synthetic insulin-sensitive transcription-control device that self-sufficiently distinguished between physiological and increased blood insulin levels and correspondingly fine-tuned the reversible expression of therapeutic transgenes from synthetic TetR-ELK1-specific promoters...
January 2017: Nat Biomed Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479230/characterization-of-synthetic-ecdysteroid-analogues-as-functional-mimics-of-brassinosteroids-in-plant-growth
#13
Jutiporn Thussagunpanit, Kanapol Jutamanee, Sureeporn Homvisasevongsa, Apichart Suksamrarn, Ayumi Yamagami, Takeshi Nakano, Tadao Asami
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant steroidal hormones that play important roles in many stages of plant growth. Several plant species produce ecdysteroids, which are known as insect molting steroid hormones. In this study, we evaluated the biological activities of three hydroxysteroidal compounds, 20-hydroxyecdysone (ECD), 7,8-dihydro-8α-20-hydroxyecdysone (DHECD), and 7,8-dihydro-5a,8a-20-hydroxyecdysone (a-DHECD), and compared their activities with that of brassinolide (BL), the most potent BR. In rice, DHECD and a-DHECD enhanced the degree of lamina inclination, as do BRs...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468270/4-hydroxy-7-methyl-3-phenylcoumarin-suppresses-aflatoxin-biosynthesis-via-downregulation-of-aflk-expressing-versicolorin-b-synthase-in-aspergillus-flavus
#14
Young-Sun Moon, Leesun Kim, Hyang Sook Chun, Sung-Eun Lee
Naturally occurring coumarins possess antibacterial and antifungal properties. In this study, these natural and synthetic coumarins were used to evaluate their antifungal activities against Aspergillus flavus, which produces aflatoxins. In addition to control antifungal activities, antiaflatoxigenic properties were also determined using a high-performance liquid chromatography in conjunction with fluorescence detection. In this study, 38 compounds tested and 4-hydroxy-7-methyl-3-phenyl coumarin showed potent antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activities against A...
April 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461162/bnn-20-a-synthetic-microneurotrophin-strongly-protects-dopaminergic-neurons-in-the-weaver-mouse-a-genetic-model-of-dopamine-denervation-acting-through-the-trkb-neurotrophin-receptor
#15
Konstantinos Botsakis, Theodora Mourtzi, Vasiliki Panagiotakopoulou, Malamati Vreka, Georgios T Stathopoulos, Iosif Pediaditakis, Ioannis Charalampopoulos, Achilleas Gravanis, Foteini Delis, Katerina Antoniou, Dimitrios Zisimopoulos, Christos D Georgiou, Nikolaos T Panagopoulos, Nikolaos Matsokis, Fevronia Angelatou
Neurotrophic factors are among the most promising treatments aiming at slowing or stopping and even reversing Parkinson's disease (PD). However, in most cases, they cannot readily cross the human blood-brain-barrier (BBB). Herein, we propose as a therapeutic for PD the small molecule 17-beta-spiro-[5-androsten-17,2'-oxiran]-3beta-ol (BNN-20), a synthetic analogue of DHEA, which crosses the BBB and is deprived of endocrine side-effects. Using the "weaver" mouse, a genetic model of PD, which exhibits progressive dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the Substantia Nigra (SN), we have shown that long-term administration (P1-P21) of BNN-20 almost fully protected the dopaminergic neurons and their terminals, via i) a strong anti-apoptotic effect, probably mediated through the Tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) neurotrophin receptor's PI3K-Akt-NF-κB signaling pathway, ii) by exerting an efficient antioxidant effect, iii) by inducing significant anti-inflammatory activity and iv) by restoring Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels...
April 28, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460466/decreased-atf4-expression-as-a-mechanism-of-acquired-resistance-to-long-term-amino-acid-limitation-in-cancer-cells
#16
Florent Mesclon, Sarah Lambert-Langlais, Valérie Carraro, Laurent Parry, Isabelle Hainault, Céline Jousse, Anne-Catherine Maurin, Alain Bruhat, Pierre Fafournoux, Julien Averous
The uncontrolled growth of tumor can lead to the formation of area deprived in nutrients. Due to their high genetic instability, tumor cells can adapt and develop resistance to this pro-apoptotic environment. Among the resistance mechanisms, those involved in the resistance to long-term amino acid restriction are not elucidated. A long-term amino acid restriction is particularly deleterious since nine of them cannot be synthetized by the cells. In order to determine how cancer cells face a long-term amino acid deprivation, we developed a cell model selected for its capacity to resist a long-term amino acid limitation...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446879/the-mammalian-peptide-adrenomedullin-acts-as-a-growth-factor-in-tobacco-plants
#17
Rafael Peláez, María Niculcea, Alfredo Martínez
Growth factors are extracellular signals that regulate cell proliferation and total body mass. Some animal growth factors can work on plant tissues and vice versa. Here we show that the mammalian growth factor adrenomedullin (AM) induces growth in tobacco plants. Addition of synthetic AM resulted in a dose-dependent growth of tobacco calluses. Furthermore, AM transgenic plants showed enhanced survival and significant increases in stem diameter, plant height, leaf length, weight of all organs, and a reduction in the time to flowering when compared to plants transformed with the control vector...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445822/identification-of-the-inactivating-factors-and-mechanisms-exerted-on-ms2-coliphage-in-concentrated-synthetic-urine
#18
Wakana Oishi, Daisuke Sano, Loic Decrey, Syunsuke Kadoya, Tamar Kohn, Naoyuki Funamizu
Volume reduction (condensation) is a key for the practical usage of human urine as a fertilizer because it enables the saving of storage space and the reduction of transportation cost. However, concentrated urine may carry infectious disease risks resulting from human pathogens frequently present in excreta, though the survival of pathogens in concentrated urine is not well understood. In this study, the inactivation of MS2 coliphage, a surrogate for single-stranded RNA human enteric viruses, in concentrated synthetic urine was investigated...
April 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443619/programming-mrna-decay-to-modulate-synthetic-circuit-resource-allocation
#19
Ophelia S Venturelli, Mika Tei, Stefan Bauer, Leanne Jade G Chan, Christopher J Petzold, Adam P Arkin
Synthetic circuits embedded in host cells compete with cellular processes for limited intracellular resources. Here we show how funnelling of cellular resources, after global transcriptome degradation by the sequence-dependent endoribonuclease MazF, to a synthetic circuit can increase production. Target genes are protected from MazF activity by recoding the gene sequence to eliminate recognition sites, while preserving the amino acid sequence. The expression of a protected fluorescent reporter and flux of a high-value metabolite are significantly enhanced using this genome-scale control strategy...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440207/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-cancer-progression-preventive-phytochemicals
#20
Soorya Parathodi Illam, Arunaksharan Narayanankutty, Shaji Edappilly Mathew, Remya Valsalakumari, Rosemol M Jacob, Achuthan Chathrattil Raghavamenon
BACKGROUND: Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is the conversion of epithelial cells into mesenchymal phenotype generally observed during embryogenesis and wound healing as well as in malignant transformation. Several signaling pathways and transcription factors associated with EMT have been explored. Dietary phytochemicals are multi-targeted agents that interfere with these pathways, assume preventive potential against pathologic EMT. OBJECTIVE: Present review aims to provide a detailed description on the nature, characteristics of EMT in physiological and pathophysiological conditions and the scope of phytochemicals in its prevention...
April 24, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
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