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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537779/simulation-model-for-laparoscopic-foregut-surgery-the-university-of-north-carolina-foregut-model
#1
Francisco Schlottmann, Neal S Murty, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: A significant gap presently exists between box-lap and virtual-reality simulators and live surgery. Live animal and cadaver use has significant downsides. We have developed a high fidelity, real tissue simulator that allows training in laparoscopic foregut operations. METHODS: Our foregut surgery model is based on porcine tissue blocks that include lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, diaphragm, stomach, duodenum, liver, and spleen. The tissue block is mounted in a human mannequin and perfused with artificial blood...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537698/synthetic-mesh-repair-of-an-anterior-perineal-hernia-following-robotic-radical-urethrocystectomy
#2
Horacio J Alvarez Garzón, Thomas Maubon, Camille Jauffret, Pierre Vieille, Brigitte Fatton, Renaud de Tayrac
INTRODUCTION: Perineal hernia is a protrusion of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the pelvic floor and is a rare but challenging complication after extensive abdominoperineal surgery. There have been small series published after colorectal exenteration, but no cases have been reported after radical cystectomy and urethrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68 years old woman developed an anterior perineal hernia, with no vaginal prolapse, after an anterior exenteration for bladder cancer...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535341/fully-stretchable-optoelectronic-sensors-based-on-colloidal-quantum-dots-for-sensing-photoplethysmographic-signals
#3
Tae-Ho Kim, Chang-Seok Lee, Sangwon Kim, Jaehyun Hur, Sangmin Lee, Keun Wook Shin, Young-Zoon Yoon, Moon Kee Choi, Jiwoong Yang, Dae-Hyeong Kim, Taeghwan Hyeon, Seongjun Park, Sungwoo Hwang
Flexible and stretchable optoelectronic devices can be potentially applied in displays, biosensors, biomedicine, robotics, and energy generation. The use of nanomaterials with superior optical properties such as quantum dots (QDs) is important in the realization of wearable displays and biomedical devices, but specific structural design as well as selection of materials should preferentially accompany this technology to realize stretchable forms of these devices. Here, we report stretchable optoelectronic sensors manufactured using colloidal QDs and integrated with elastomeric substrates, whose optoelectronic properties are stable under various deformations...
May 23, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534872/a-light-driven-artificial-flytrap
#4
Owies M Wani, Hao Zeng, Arri Priimagi
The sophistication, complexity and intelligence of biological systems is a continuous source of inspiration for mankind. Mimicking the natural intelligence to devise tiny systems that are capable of self-regulated, autonomous action to, for example, distinguish different targets, remains among the grand challenges in biomimetic micro-robotics. Herein, we demonstrate an autonomous soft device, a light-driven flytrap, that uses optical feedback to trigger photomechanical actuation. The design is based on light-responsive liquid-crystal elastomer, fabricated onto the tip of an optical fibre, which acts as a power source and serves as a contactless probe that senses the environment...
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534774/a-fast-ellipse-detector-using-projective-invariant-pruning
#5
Qi Jia, Xin Fan, Zhongxuan Luo, Lianbo Song, Tie Qiu
Detecting elliptical objects from an image is a central task in robot navigation and industrial diagnosis where the detection time is always a critical issue. Existing methods are hardly applicable to these real-time scenarios of limited hardware resource due to the huge number of fragment candidates (edges or arcs) for fitting ellipse equations. In this paper, we present a fast algorithm detecting ellipses with high accuracy. The algorithm leverages a newly developed projective invariant to significantly prune the undesired candidates and to pick out elliptical ones...
May 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534710/systematic-review-radiological-and-histological-evidence-of-cochlear-implant-insertion-trauma-in-adult-patients
#6
Emma Hoskison, Scott Mitchell, Chris Coulson
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation (CI) has developed from its origins in the 1980s. Initially, CI was for profound bilateral hearing impairment. However, candidacy for CI have become more widespread in recent years with unilateral implantation and an emphasis on hearing preservation. Evidence supports full electrode insertion in an atraumatic fashion into the scala tympani (ST) provides optimal hearing outcomes. The main aim of this systematic review was to elucidate the degree of trauma associated with CI insertion...
May 23, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534472/evidence-for-robots
#7
Ravikiran Shenoy, Dinesh Nathwani
Robots have been successfully used in commercial industry and have enabled humans to perform tasks which are repetitive, dangerous and requiring extreme force. Their role has evolved and now includes many aspects of surgery to improve safety and precision. Orthopaedic surgery is largely performed on bones which are rigid immobile structures which can easily be performed by robots with great precision. Robots have been designed for use in orthopaedic surgery including joint arthroplasty and spine surgery. Experimental studies have been published evaluating the role of robots in arthroscopy and trauma surgery...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534332/-efficacy-comparison-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-radical-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-middle-low-rectal-cancer
#8
Hairong Zhang, Weitang Yuan, Quanbo Zhou, Xiaoming Gu, Fuqi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of robotic and laparoscopic radical surgery in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancers. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2016, intra-operative and postoperative follow-up data of 30 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent robotic radical resection(robot group) and 32 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (laparoscopy group)n in our department were retrospectively collected...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534323/-era-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-and-robotic-gastric-cancer-surgery
#9
Yanbing Zhou
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been rapidly developing by combining several techniques with evidence-based adjustments, including preoperative education, preoperative carbohydrate loading, epidural or regional anesthesia, early initiation of enteral nutrition, ambulation and multi-modal pain management. The core part of ERAS is to reduce and reverse surgical stress and therefore greatly improve clinical outcome. Under the guidance of ERAS, perioperative management of robotic gastric cancer operation should follow the basic principles of ERAS and clinical pathway to maximize the advantages of the robotic surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533451/animal-coloration-research-why-it-matters
#10
Tim Caro, Mary Caswell Stoddard, Devi Stuart-Fox
While basic research on animal coloration is the theme of this special edition, here we highlight its applied significance for industry, innovation and society. Both the nanophotonic structures producing stunning optical effects and the colour perception mechanisms in animals are extremely diverse, having been honed over millions of years of evolution for many different purposes. Consequently, there is a wealth of opportunity for biomimetic and bioinspired applications of animal coloration research, spanning colour production, perception and function...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533153/role-of-robotic-surgery-in-cervical-malignancy
#11
REVIEW
Jeong-Yeol Park, Joo-Hyun Nam
Surgical treatment is the mainstay of the management of early-stage cervical cancer. Abdominal radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have long been the standard surgical approach to early-stage cervical cancer, achieving excellent survival outcomes. Recently, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have become the preferred alternative to abdominal surgery because laparoscopic approaches lead to better surgical outcomes without compromising survival outcomes. Since the robotic surgery platform was approved for the use of gynaecologic surgery in 2005, robotic radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have been increasingly used in the surgical management of early-stage cervical cancer...
April 24, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532512/inter-rater-reliability-of-kinesthetic-measurements-with-the-kinarm-robotic-exoskeleton
#12
Jennifer A Semrau, Troy M Herter, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: Kinesthesia (sense of limb movement) has been extremely difficult to measure objectively, especially in individuals who have survived a stroke. The development of valid and reliable measurements for proprioception is important to developing a better understanding of proprioceptive impairments after stroke and their impact on the ability to perform daily activities. We recently developed a robotic task to evaluate kinesthetic deficits after stroke and found that the majority (~60%) of stroke survivors exhibit significant deficits in kinesthesia within the first 10 days post-stroke...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531983/development-of-haptic-based-piezoresistive-artificial-fingertip-toward-efficient-tactile-sensing-systems-for-humanoids
#13
Amin TermehYousefi, Saman Azhari, Amin Khajeh, Mohd Nizar Hamidon, Hirofumi Tanaka
Haptic sensors are essential devices that facilitate human-like sensing systems such as implantable medical devices and humanoid robots. The availability of conducting thin films with haptic properties could lead to the development of tactile sensing systems that stretch reversibly, sense pressure (not just touch), and integrate with collapsible. In this study, a nanocomposite based hemispherical artificial fingertip fabricated to enhance the tactile sensing systems of humanoid robots. To validate the hypothesis, proposed method was used in the robot-like finger system to classify the ripe and unripe tomato by recording the metabolic growth of the tomato as a function of resistivity change during a controlled indention force...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531141/eyes-of-things
#14
Oscar Deniz, Noelia Vallez, Jose L Espinosa-Aranda, Jose M Rico-Saavedra, Javier Parra-Patino, Gloria Bueno, David Moloney, Alireza Dehghani, Aubrey Dunne, Alain Pagani, Stephan Krauss, Ruben Reiser, Martin Waeny, Matteo Sorci, Tim Llewellynn, Christian Fedorczak, Thierry Larmoire, Marco Herbst, Andre Seirafi, Kasra Seirafi
Embedded systems control and monitor a great deal of our reality. While some "classic" features are intrinsically necessary, such as low power consumption, rugged operating ranges, fast response and low cost, these systems have evolved in the last few years to emphasize connectivity functions, thus contributing to the Internet of Things paradigm. A myriad of sensing/computing devices are being attached to everyday objects, each able to send and receive data and to act as a unique node in the Internet. Apart from the obvious necessity to process at least some data at the edge (to increase security and reduce power consumption and latency), a major breakthrough will arguably come when such devices are endowed with some level of autonomous "intelligence"...
May 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531135/aekf-slam-a-new-algorithm-for-robotic-underwater-navigation
#15
Xin Yuan, José-Fernán Martínez-Ortega, José Antonio Sánchez Fernández, Martina Eckert
In this work, we focus on key topics related to underwater Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) applications. Moreover, a detailed review of major studies in the literature and our proposed solutions for addressing the problem are presented. The main goal of this paper is the enhancement of the accuracy and robustness of the SLAM-based navigation problem for underwater robotics with low computational costs. Therefore, we present a new method called AEKF-SLAM that employs an Augmented Extended Kalman Filter (AEKF)-based SLAM algorithm...
May 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530254/palatal-surgery-in-a-transoral-robotic-setting-tors-preliminary-results-of-a-retrospective-comparison-between-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty-uppp-expansion-sphincter-pharyngoplasty-esp-and-barbed-repositioning-pharyngoplasty-brp
#16
G Cammaroto, F Montevecchi, G D'Agostino, E Zeccardo, C Bellini, G Meccariello, C Vicini
It has become increasingly clear in the past decade that surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) is most successfully managed with multilevel surgery. We evaluated the outcomes of multilevel interventions comparing three different palatal techniques added to TORS: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), a modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP), inspired by the Pang expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty technique and the latest barbed repositioning pharyngoplasty (BRP). Thirty patients were retrospectively evaluated...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530129/do-single-use-medical-devices-containing-biopolymers-reduce-the-environmental-impacts-of-surgical-procedures-compared-with-their-plastic-equivalents
#17
Scott R Unger, Troy A Hottle, Shakira R Hobbs, Cassandra L Thiel, Nicole Campion, Melissa M Bilec, Amy E Landis
Background While petroleum-based plastics are extensively used in health care, recent developments in biopolymer manufacturing have created new opportunities for increased integration of biopolymers into medical products, devices and services. This study compared the environmental impacts of single-use disposable devices with increased biopolymer content versus typically manufactured devices in hysterectomy. Methods A comparative life cycle assessment of single-use disposable medical products containing plastic(s) versus the same single-use medical devices with biopolymers substituted for plastic(s) at Magee-Women's Hospital (Magee) in Pittsburgh, PA and the products used in four types of hysterectomies that contained plastics potentially suitable for biopolymer substitution...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529992/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-usa-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Ashley Russo, Vivian E Strong
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared gastric carcinoma a global health concern and gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With the rising incidence of gastric cancer, a body of both retrospective and randomized data has emerged since the early 1990's evaluating the role of minimally invasive platforms in the management of gastric cancer. While Eastern studies have shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for advanced gastric cancer in Eastern patients, it is not clear whether this is true for patients in the West...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528821/robotic-versus-open-pediatric-ureteral-reimplantation
#19
EDITORIAL
Christopher E Bayne, Diana Cardona-Grau, Michael H Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527565/-advancement-in-the-treatment-of-renal-carcinoma
#20
Arnaud Méjean
Partial nephrectomy is the gold standard for the renal tumours less than 7 to 10cm whenever feasible in order to preserve renal function. The extension of nephron-sparing surgery using a mini-invasive approach is possible by robotic surgery. Radical nephrectomy is mandatory in the other situations and especially in case of locally advanced renal carcinoma. The place of cytoreductive nephrectomy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma is the purpose of the CARMENA trial. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are currently the first line treatment; but in the near future new immunotherapy by checkpoints molecules could crucially change the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma...
May 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
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