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cvt, cerebral venous thrombosis

Si Zhang, Hexiang Zhao, Hao Li, Chao You, Xuhui Hui
OBJECTIVE Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a life-saving treatment for severe hemorrhagic cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). However, the correlations between the clinicoradiological features and surgical outcomes of this disease are not well established. Therefore, the authors endeavored to analyze the potential risk factors for this more severe subtype of CVT and to provide more evidence regarding the benefits of DC in patients with hemorrhagic CVT. METHODS The clinical features, radiological findings, and surgical outcomes of patients with severe hemorrhagic CVT who had undergone DC treatment in the period from January 2005 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, and the risk factors for this disease were evaluated...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
K Gayathri, P K Ramalingam, Rpsp Santhakumar, B V Manjunath, N Karuppuswamy, B Vetriveran, S Selvamani, P Vishnuram, Kumar Natarajan
We present the case of a 23 year old with acute onset left hemiparesis and meningeal irritation, associated with recent history of chickenpox 15 days prior. Varicella-IgG and IgM was positive in the CSF and blood along with reduced serum/CSF ratios of VZV immunoglobulins. MRV showed thrombosis (CVT) of superior sagittal, transverse, right sigmoid sinuses with haemorrhagic infarct in right frontoparietal region. Patient responded well to intravenous heparin, Acyclovir and oral anticoagulant therapy.
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
R Maloo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ava L Liberman, Hooman Kamel, Michael T Mullen, Steven R Messé
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare and understudied disease. We sought to determine the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes to identify CVT. METHODS: Retrospective chart review using the electronic medical record (EMR) to identify all patients discharged with CVT following admission or emergency department visit from May 1, 2010 to May 1, 2015 at our center. RESULTS: We identified 111 patients with an ICD-9 discharge diagnosis code of 325...
October 2016: Neurohospitalist
Ahmet Yigit Goktay, Cagin Senturk
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common disorder with a significant mortality rate. Successful endovascular treatment of acute DVT is most likely to be achieved in patients with recently formed thrombus, (<10-14 days) with acute iliofemoral DVT. Endovascular treatment options include: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT), percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT), vena cava filter protection, venous balloon dilatation and venous stent implantation...
September 24, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Susanna M Zuurbier, Jonathan M Coutinho
Cerebral venous thrombosis is an important cause of stroke in the young. Unlike venous thromboembolism (VTE), women are affected three times more often than men by CVT. The most common symptoms are headache, seizures and focal neurological deficits. The diagnosis can be confirmed with MRI, CT-venography, or catheter angiography. An intracerebral hemorrhage is found on cerebral imaging in approximately 40 % of patients, and can range from small juxtacortical hemorrhages to large space-occupying lesions. Many risk factors for CVT have been reported, most of which overlap with those of VTE...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
I Martinelli, S M Passamonti, A Maino, M Abbattista, P Bucciarelli, E Somigliana, A Artoni, F Gianniello, F Peyvandi
: Essentials Little is known about recurrences and pregnancy outcome after cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). We studied a cohort of pregnant women with CVT. Women with CVT appear at increased risk of late obstetrical complications despite prophylaxis. Risks of recurrent thrombosis and bleeding in women on heparin prophylaxis while pregnant are low. SUMMARY: Background The risk of recurrent thrombosis and bleeding episodes in women with previous cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) on antithrombotic prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy is not established and little information is available on pregnancy outcome...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Samia Ben Sassi, Nahla Touati, Hela Baccouche, Cyrine Drissi, Neila Ben Romdhane, Fayçal Hentati
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding cerebral venous thrombosis in North Africa are scarce. This study aims to identify the clinical features, risk factors, outcome, and prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis in Tunisia. METHODS: Data of 160 patients with radiologically confirmed cerebral venous thrombosis, hospitalized in Mongi Ben Hmida National Institute of Neurology (Tunis, Tunisia), were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 37...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Venkatesh Thammishetti, Subrahmanyam Dharanipragada, Debdatta Basu, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Deepanjali Surendiran
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT) is a well known disease with diverse clinical presentation and causes. With advances in neuroimaging and changing lifestyles, the clinical profile and causes of CVT are changing. D-dimer has been studied in early diagnosis of CVT with variable results. This prospective study was carried out to assess the clinical profile of CVT and role of D-dimer in diagnosis of CVT. AIM: To study various aspects of CVT and role of D-dimer...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Waqar Waheed, Salman Aljerdi, Barbara Decker, Mary Cushman, Robert W Hamill
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon disorder associated with diverse processes. We report a patient who, while receiving desmopressin and contraceptive pills (OCP), developed straight sinus thrombosis. Clinical assessment and laboratory investigations revealed untreated hyperthyroidism and a hypercoagulable state, characterised by high levels of von Willebrand factor, factor VIII coagulant activity and IgM cardiolipin antibody. The clinical picture improved with anticoagulation, treatment of hyperthyroidism and discontinuation of OCP and desmopressin...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Leila Hashami, Vahid Rakhshan, Hoda Karimian, Mehdi Moghaddasi
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a long-term debilitating vascular brain disease with high morbidity and mortality. It may be associated with rise in D-dimer level. The aim of this study was to examine this potential association and identify the critical D-dimer cut-off level corresponding to increase the risk of CVT. This case-control study was conducted on two groups of patients with and without CVT attending the Rasool Akram Hospital (Iran) during 2014 and 2015. D-dimer levels were measured by the rapid sensitive D-dimer assay...
June 15, 2016: Neurology International
Sharon Devasagayam, Ben Wyatt, James Leyden, Timothy Kleinig
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) varies between studies, but it is estimated to be between 2 and 5 per million per year. A recent study in the Netherlands with comprehensive ascertainment suggested a much higher incidence. It is uncertain whether these differing estimates reflect the quality of ascertainment or true variation. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of CVT in Adelaide, using a novel clinical and radiological methodology...
September 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Peng-Peng Niu, Yao Yu, Zhen-Ni Guo, Hang Jin, Yang Liu, Hong-Wei Zhou, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: We investigated the value of 3D T1-weighted SPACE (Sampling Perfection with Application optimized Contrast using different angle Evolutions, a 3D fast spin echo black blood sequence) in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). METHODS: We prospectively included 31 consecutive patients who were suspected as having a CVT within one month of disease onset. The reference standard of CVT diagnosis was based on all of the conventional imaging tests (including susceptibility weighted imaging), clinical information, and prognosis information...
August 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Kunal Agrawal, Kathy Burger, John F Rothrock
BACKGROUND: Although cerebral venous thrombosis/cerebral sinus thrombosis (CVT/CST) remains a relatively uncommon cause of stroke and other neurologic complications, the widespread availability of noninvasive brain imaging has led to an increase in its diagnosis. PURPOSE: Through a review and description of its epidemiology, clinical features and treatment, to heighten awareness of CVT/CST. METHODOLOGY: Via a systematic review of the more recently published medical literature relevant to the topic and focusing in particular on primary sources, we compiled data related to the incidence of CVT/CST and its diagnosis, treatment and prognosis...
September 2016: Headache
Fatemeh Bidar, Fariborz Faeghi, Askar Ghorbani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the advantages of gradient echo (GRE) sequences in the detection and characterization of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis compared to conventional magnetic resonance sequences. METHODS: A total of 17 patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) were evaluated using different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. The MRI sequences included T1-weighted spin echo (SE) imaging, T(*) 2-weighted turbo SE (TSE), fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), T(*) 2-weighted conventional GRE, and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI)...
April 3, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Payam Khomand, Kambiz Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: We report a case series of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) in women who used oral contraceptive pill (OCP) in the Muslims Ramadan and fasting month. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series of 9 patients with diagnosis of CVT, who admitted in the neurology ward of Tohid Hospital of Sanandaj, Iran, in July-August 2014-2015. RESULTS: Patients had no history of thrombosis before. They were treated with oral contraceptive more than 1 month to be able to fast during Ramadan...
April 3, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Michael A Pizzi, David A Alejos, Jason L Siegel, Betty Y S Kim, David A Miller, William D Freeman
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare cerebrovascular event that can present with headache, seizure, and focal neurological deficits. Approximately 30%-40% of patients with CVT also present with intracranial hemorrhage. Current guidelines recommend anticoagulation after CVT even in the setting of intracranial hemorrhage, but the timing of initiation is unclear. We present a case of CVT where timing of anticoagulation was unclear by current guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a literature search with search terms of "cerebral venous thrombosis," "intracranial hemorrhage," and "anticoagulation...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Abdellah Taous, Maha Aït Berri, Taoufik Lamsiah, Brahim Zainoun, Tarik Ziadi, Abdelhadi Rouimi
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has been reported as an uncommon and devastating complication of ulcerative colitis (UC), with an annual incidence varying between 0,5 to 6,7%. It is suspected to be a consequence of the hypercoagulable state occurring during disease relapse. We report a case of 22-year-old female patient presenting with CVT revealing an UC. Our case raises the awareness among health professionals about the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) as a rare etiology of CVT, and signifies the importance of considering antithrombotic prophylaxis in all hospitalised IBD patients, especially those with active disease...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Suzanne M Silvis, Saskia Middeldorp, Susanna M Zuurbier, Suzanne C Cannegieter, Jonathan M Coutinho
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare thrombotic disorder involving the cerebral veins and dural sinuses. In contrast to more common sites of venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as the legs and lungs, CVT mainly affects young adults and children, and women are affected three times more often than men. Although presenting symptoms are variable, headache is usually the first symptom, often in combination with focal neurologic deficits and epileptic seizures. The primary therapy for CVT consists of heparin followed by oral anticoagulation for at least 3 to 6 months...
September 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Leah G Horton, Katharine B Simmons, Kathryn M Curtis
CONTEXT: Combined hormonal contraceptive (CHC) use may modify the risk of cardiovascular events in obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥30kg/m(2)] women. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate from the literature whether CHC use modifies the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in obese women and to evaluate evidence for a dose-response relationship between BMI and VTE. METHODS: We searched PubMed for all articles published between database inception and February 2016 providing direct evidence on BMI, CHCs, and cardiovascular outcomes...
June 1, 2016: Contraception
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