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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853914/non-dermatophyte-dermatoses-mimicking-dermatophytoses-in-animals
#1
Didier Pin
Dermatophytoses in animals are fungal diseases of the skin caused by dermatophyte fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton. Because the infection is generally follicular, the most common clinical sign is one or many circular areas of alopecia with variable erythema, scaling and crusting, and the primary differential diagnoses are follicular infections, such as bacterial folliculitis and demodicosis. Although dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm is the most commonly observed lesion of dermatophytoses in animals, other presentations may be observed according to the host species and the dermatophyte involved: dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm, scaling and crusting in dermatophytosis due to Microsporum persicolor, nodule in case of kerion or mycetoma, matted hairs, seborrheic dermatosis or miliary dermatitis in cats, generalized exfoliative dermatoses in dogs, cats and horses, superficial non-follicular pustules, papules and macules in the Devon Rex cat, pruritic dermatophytoses in dogs, cats and horses, and onychomycosis in dogs, cats and horses...
November 16, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846945/primary-cicatricial-alopecia-other-lymphocytic-primary-cicatricial-alopecias-and-neutrophilic-and-mixed-primary-cicatricial-alopecias
#2
REVIEW
Chantal Bolduc, Leonard C Sperling, Jerry Shapiro
Primary cicatricial alopecias can be frustrating for both patients and physicians. Proper diagnosis guides more successful management of these challenging conditions. Part II will cover the remaining lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecias, which include pseudopelade of Brocq, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, alopecia mucinosa, and keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans. It will also discuss the neutrophilic and mixed primary cicatricial alopecias, namely folliculitis decalvans, dissecting cellulitis, folliculitis keloidalis, folliculitis (acne) necrotica, and erosive pustular dermatosis...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828641/ofuji-disease-a-rare-dermatosis-and-its-challenging-therapeutic-approach
#3
Fernanda Freitas de Brito, Antonio Carlos Ceribelli Martelli, Maria Lopes Lamenha Lins Cavalcante, Ana Cecília Versiani Duarte Pinto, Gabriela Itimura, Cleverson Teixeira Soares
Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF) or Ofuji disease is a rare dermatosis, prone to recurrence and chronicity. The peak incidence occurs in the third decade of life and its exact etiology remains unknown. Evidence suggests that the expression of adhesion molecules and the production of cytokines activate the follicular unit, but the stimulus that triggers these changes remains unclear. The three clinical variants reported in the literature include classic EPF, immunosuppression-associated EPF, and infancy-associated EPF...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823913/-cutaneous-lesions-during-hot-tub-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-pseudomonas-folliculitis%C3%A2
#4
N Sokolowsky, L Rolland, M-A Vandenhende, J-Y Colin, F Laurent, P Morlat, F Bonnet, M Beylot-Barry
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease, cutaneous rash and elevated serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) may suggest diagnoses other than sarcoidosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 58-year-old man had presented dyspnoea for 2 years with increased angiotensin-converting enzyme, as well as an interstitial syndrome and micronodules. The possibility of sarcoidosis was raised. Systemic corticosteroids resulted in improvement of the dyspnoea although it recurred on dose reduction...
November 4, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814407/an-unusual-case-of-folliculitis-spinulosa-decalvans
#5
Wenge Fan, Qingsong Zhang, Linyi Song
We report the case of a 24-year-old man who presented with pustules, atrophic scars, and alopecia on the scalp, along with follicular keratotic papules on the cheeks, chest, abdomen, back, lateral upper arms, thighs, and axillae, of 6 years' duration. A diagnosis of folliculitis spinulosa decalvans (FSD) was made based on the clinical manifestation and histopathological findings. Dental examination also revealed dental anomalies and a fissured tongue, which are not known to be related to FSD. We provide an overview of the characteristic findings of FSD as well as a review of previously reported cases...
September 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813433/factors-affecting-the-rise-of-treatment-of-resistant-bacteria-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-united-states-1993-2012
#6
Margaret E Wetzel, Alan B Fleischer
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) prevalence has been steadily increasing for the past 40 years. The increase in such infections has contributed to a change in the treatment patterns of the patient. This study aimed to detail the factors determining prescription practices associated with MRSA-related skin and soft tissue infections. METHODS: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) was searched for data from 1993 to 2012 regarding the factors associated with resistant vs...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798212/mrsa-infections-among-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-european-multicentre-study
#7
C Bouchiat, S Curtis, I Spiliopoulou, M Bes, C Cocuzza, I Codita, C Dupieux, N Giormezis, A Kearns, F Laurent, S Molinos, R Musumeci, C Prat, M Saadatian-Elahi, E Tacconelli, A Tristan, B Schulte, F Vandenesch
BACKGROUND: MRSA is a therapeutic concern worldwide, and a major agent of community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections (CA-SSTIs). While the US epidemiology of MRSA in CA-SSTIs is well described and reports the high prevalence of the USA300 clone, data on the European situation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clonal characteristics of MRSA in CA-SSTIs in seven European emergency departments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April to June 2015, patients presenting to the tertiary hospital emergency department with a Staphylococcus aureus CA-SSTI were prospectively enrolled...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779486/necrotizing-infundibular-crystalline-folliculitis-nicf-induced-by-anti-tumoral-therapies-report-of-2-cases
#8
Kinda Fattouh, Diane Collet-Benzaquen, Anne M Provensal, Françoise Desseigne, Christine Castillo, Patrick Combemale, Arnaud de la Fouchardière
Necrotizing Infundibular Crystalline Folliculitis (NICF) is rare entity of unknown pathogenesis presenting as follicular crystalline papules arising in seborrheic areas. We report 2 cases of NICF in patients under targeted therapy for metastatic adenocarcinoma. In one case, the lesions reappeared cyclically every 3 weeks after each injection and in the other case, lesions persisted until disruption of the continuous oral therapy. Punch-biopsies demonstrated folliculitis with a plugging crystalline material associated with either bacteria or yeast...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760609/-clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-thyroid-like-follicular-carcinoma-of-the-kidney-an-analysis-of-five-cases-and-review-of-literature
#9
X Chen, F X Dou, X B Cheng, A T Guo, H Y Shi
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features of thyroid-like follicular renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Clinical data were collected in 5 cases of thyroid-like follicular renal cell carcinoma. HE staining and immunohistochemistry were carried out in surgically-removed specimen to analyze the clinical and pathological features with review of the literatures. Results: The patients aged 20-55 years, with one male and four females; the tumor occurred in the left kidney in three cases and right kidney in two cases...
October 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749194/sheep-associated-malignant-catarrhal-fever-like-skin-disease-in-a-free-ranging-bighorn-sheep-ovis-canadensis-alberta-canada
#10
Owen M Slater, Jeanine Peters-Kennedy, Manigandan Lejeune, David Gummer, Bryan Macbeth, Amy Warren, Tomy Joseph, Hong Li, Cristina W Cunha, Pádraig J Duignan
Malignant catarrhal fever-like clinical disease was diagnosed in a free-ranging bighorn sheep ( Ovis canadensis ) from Alberta, Canada, in June 2015. Antemortem and gross pathology findings included muscle atrophy, marked weight loss, and bilaterally symmetric alopecia with hyperpigmentation and crusting over the face, medial surfaces of the pinnae, dorsal trunk, distal limbs, perineal area, and tail. Histologically, the skin lesions were characterized by granulomatous mural folliculitis with numerous multinucleated giant cells and fewer lymphocytes and eosinophils consistent with previous reports of chronic ovine herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) infection...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747960/clinical-and-microscopic-features-of-generalized-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-in-dogs-10-cases
#11
Frane Banovic, Keith E Linder, Maarja Uri, Michael A Rossi, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Generalized discoid lupus erythematosus (GDLE) is a newly recognized canine variant of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) that is not well characterized. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: We report herein the signalment, clinical signs, treatment outcome, histopathology and immunological findings of 10 dogs with GDLE. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: (i) a >3 month history of generalized skin lesions indicating a chronic or recurrent nature; (ii) skin lesions resembling those of human GDLE; (iii) histopathology of CLE (lymphocyte-rich interface dermatitis)...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744506/staphylococcus-aureus-associated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-anatomical-localization-epidemiology-therapy-and-potential-prophylaxis
#12
Reuben Olaniyi, Clarissa Pozzi, Luca Grimaldi, Fabio Bagnoli
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common infections worldwide. They range in severity from minor, self-limiting, superficial infections to life-threatening diseases requiring all the resources of modern medicine. Community (CA) and healthcare (HA) acquired SSTIs are most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus . They have variable presentations ranging from impetigo and folliculitis to surgical site infections (SSIs). Superficial SSTIs may lead to even more invasive infections such as bacteraemia and osteomyelitis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730038/ofuji-s-disease-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-successfully-treated-with-dapsone
#13
Gopikrishnan Anjaneyan, Sindhura Manne, Vinitha Varghese Panicker, Malini Eapen
Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis or Ofuji's disease is a non-infectious eosinophilic infiltration of hair follicles, which usually presents with itchy papules and pustules in a circinate configuration. We report this case of an immunocompetent patient with erythematous papules and plaques without macropustules diagnosed as eosinophilic pustular folliculitis-a rarely reported entity outside Japan. He was successfully treated with oral dapsone.
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721552/isotretinoin-induced-acute-severe-myopathy-involving-pelvic-girdle-muscles-a-case-report
#14
Farah Sameem, Semira
Oral isotretinoin has been in widespread use for more than three decades. It causes numerous side effects; skin and mucous membrane being commonly involved. Musculoskeletal adverse effects are also known to occur, but pelvic girdle myopathy is rarely reported. We report myopathy involving pelvic girdle muscles in a young male who received oral isotretinoin for folliculitis decalvans.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691940/poisoning-by-the-swainsonine-containing-plant-sida-carpinifolia-in-captive-sambar-deer-cervus-unicolor
#15
Bruno L Anjos, Paulo V Peixoto, Saulo A Caldas, Daniel Bhaltazar, Ticiana N França, Aníbal G Armién
Plant intoxications in wildlife are difficult to diagnose, are overlooked, or are sometimes even neglected. Hence, factors that induce wild animals to ingest poisonous plants have not been sufficiently documented. An outbreak of glycoprotein storage disease in sambar deer ( Cervus unicolor ), induced by ingestion of the swainsonine-containing plant, common wireweed (Sida carpinifolia), is reported. Nine out of 55 deer held by a zoo in Brazil were affected. The poisoning was characterized by emaciation and neurologic signs followed by unexpected death in some of the animals...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686778/folliculitis-in-prurigo-pigmentosa-a-proposed-pathogenesis-based-on-clinical-and-pathological-observation
#16
Santosh U Kafle, Sai Myint Swe, Pa-Fan Hsiao, Yi-Chiun Tsai, Yu-Hung Wu
BACKGROUND: Prurigo pigmentosa is a rare inflammatory dermatosis whose exact etiology is not understood yet. The purpose of this study was to provide evidence of hair follicle involvement in the pathogenesis by analyzing its clinicopathologic features. METHODS: Patients who fulfilled both the clinical and histological diagnostic criteria of prurigo pigmentosa were recruited. Their histopathologic findings, clinical features and medical histories were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 32 confirmed patients were enrolled from 2002 to 2013...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670538/management-of-a-persistent-surgical-scalp-wound-complicated-by-folliculitis-and-dehiscence
#17
Nisha N Branch, Bianca Howard, Kelly Bolden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651522/uterine-focal-adhesions-retained-at-implantation-after-rat-ovarian-hyperstimulation
#18
Laura Lindsay, Samson N Dowland, Christopher R Murphy
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation is an essential component of IVF techniques to ensure proliferation and development of multiple ovarian follicules but the effects of these hormones on the endometrium are largely unknown. During normal pregnancy in rats, there are significant changes in the basal plasma membrane of uterine epithelial cells (UECs) at the time of receptivity, including loss of focal adhesions. This enables the UECs to be removed from the implantation chamber surrounding the blastocyst, thus allowing invasion into the underlying stroma...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650489/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-vandetanib-in-the-treatment-of-progressive-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#19
Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Enke Baldini, Marco Biricotti, Salvatore Ulisse, Gabriele Materazzi, Paolo Miccoli, Alessandro Antonelli
Traditional therapies for advanced or metastatic progressive medullary thyroid cancer (pMTC) are poor effective. Several TKIs have been tested in clinical trials in pMTC patients. Areas covered: This paper reviews efficacy and safety of vandetanib in the treatment of pMTC. Expert commentary: Vandetanib (trade name CAPRELSA® [Vandetanib]) has been shown to improve progression-free survival (30.5 vs 19.3 months in controls) in pMTC patients. Vandetanib is approved by FDA and EMA for metastatic MTC in adults; in adolescents and children with metastatic or locally advanced MTC, vandetanib seems to be effective...
November 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649797/pilosebaceous-targeting-by-isotretenoin-loaded-invasomal-gel-for-the-treatment-of-eosinophilic-pustular-folliculitis-optimization-efficacy-and-cellular-analysis
#20
Mohit Dwivedi, Vijay Sharma, Kamla Pathak
CONTEXT: Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis is a secondary symptom associated with HIV infection appears as levels of CD4 lymphocyte cells and T4 lymphocyte cell. Isotretinoin, an analog of vitamin A (retinoid) alters the DNA transcription mechanism and interferes in the process of DNA formation. It also inhibits the eosinophilic chemotactic factors present in sebaceous lipids and in the stratum corneum of patients suffering from this ailment. OBJECTIVE: The present research was aimed to formulate isotretenoin-loaded invasomal gel to deliver and target the drug to pilosebaceous follicular unit...
November 2, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
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