keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150410/lung-function-in-early-adulthood-and-health-in-later-life-a-transgenerational-cohort-analysis
#1
Alvar Agustí, Guillaume Noell, Josep Brugada, Rosa Faner
BACKGROUND: Early life events can affect health in later life. We hypothesised that low lung function (FEV1 <80% predicted) in early adulthood (25-40 years) is associated with higher prevalence and earlier incidence of respiratory, cardiovascular, and metabolic abnormalities, and premature death. METHODS: In this cohort analysis, we tested this hypothesis using data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort (FOC) and validated our observations in CARDIA (an independent cohort) and GenIII (which includes the direct descendants of FOC participants)...
November 14, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142595/current-status-of-submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-resection-for-gastrointestinal-submucosal-tumors-originating-from-the-muscularis-propria-layer
#2
Yuyong Tan, Jirong Huo, Deliang Liu
Gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs) have been increasingly identified via the use of endoscopic ultrasonography, and removal is often recommended for SMTs that are >2 cm in diameter or symptomatic. Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER), also known as submucosal endoscopic tumor resection, endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection or tunneling endoscopic muscularis dissection, is a novel endoscopic technique for treating gastrointestinal SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer, and has been demonstrated to be effective in the removal of SMTs with a decreased rate of recurrence by clinical studies...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142537/pneumatic-balloon-dilatation-for-achalasia-cardia-early-late-results-a-single-center-study
#3
S Waqar H Shah, Arshad K Butt, K Malik, Altaf Alam, Anwaar A Khan
Objective: Achalasia Cardia is treated by Pneumatic balloon dilatation, Heller's Myotomy and recently, by Peroral Esophagaeal Myotomy. This study reports the efficacy of pneumatic balloon dilatation as a non-surgical motility in achieving relief of dysphagia, clinical improvement and recurrence. Long-term complications were reported. Methods: Eight hundred ninety two adult achalasia patients of both genders were treated from January 1988 till December 2011, with pneumatic balloon (Rigiflex Microvasive(®)) dilatation, under fluoroscopy Barium swallow was obtained prior to and five minutes after dilatation to evaluate for efficacy of dilatation as well as for complications...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142476/clinical-and-pathological-characterization-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-gastric-carcinomas-in-portugal
#4
Joana Ribeiro, Andreia Oliveira, Mariana Malta, Claudia Oliveira, Fernanda Silva, Ana Galaghar, Luís Pedro Afonso, Maria Cassiano Neves, Rui Medeiros, Pedro Pimentel-Nunes, Hugo Sousa
AIM: To determine the prevalence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinomas in the North Region of Portugal and to study its clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: We have performed a retrospective study including a total of 179 consecutive patients with gastric cancer (GC) submitted to gastrectomy during 2011 at the Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto. Clinical and pathological data was collected from individual clinical records and inserted on a database with unique codification...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140553/outcomes-of-pneumatic-dilation-in-achalasia-extended-follow-up-of-more-than-25-years-with-a-focus-on-manometric-subtypes
#5
Michaela Müller, Christina Keck, Alexander J Eckardt, Sarah Werling, Till Wehrmann, Jochem König, Ines Gockel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pneumatic dilation (PD) is the most popular non-surgical treatment for achalasia. This study investigated predicting factors, including manometric subtypes for symptom recurrence in the long-term, in patients with achalasia treated with a single PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1983 and 2013, a total of 107 patients were treated initially with a single PD and included in this longitudinal cohort study. Outcomes were correlated with demographics, symptoms (Eckardt Score), esophagographic and manometric features...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139048/high-adherence-to-the-western-prudent-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-mcc-spain-study
#6
Adela Castelló, Nerea Fernández de Larrea, Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Elena Boldo, Marcela Guevara, Víctor Moreno, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Rosana Peiró, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Rocio Capelo, Carmen Navarro, Silvino Pacho-Valbuena, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Nuria Aragonés
BACKGROUND: The influence of dietary habits on the development of gastric adenocarcinoma is not clear. The objective of the present study was to explore the association of three previously identified dietary patterns with gastric adenocarcinoma by sex, age, cancer site, and morphology. METHODS: MCC-Spain is a multicase-control study that included 295 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 3040 controls. The association of the Western, Prudent, and Mediterranean dietary patterns-derived in another Spanish case-control study-with gastric adenocarcinoma was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models with random province-specific intercepts and considering a possible interaction with sex and age...
November 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135385/redo-laparoscopic-heller-s-cardiomyotomy-for-recurrent-achalasia-is-laparoscopic-surgery-feasible
#7
Pranav Mandovra, Vishakha Kalikar, Ankur Patel, Roy V Patankar
BACKGROUND: Achalasia cardia is an esophageal motor disorder with raised lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. Minimally invasive procedures have become the procedure of choice compared with conventional open surgery. After the primary surgery, recurrence or persistent symptoms have been noted in almost 10%-20% of cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case series, we share our experience with a series of 7 patients who presented to us from January 2010 to January 2017 for recurrent symptoms, following Heller's myotomy for achalasia cardia...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134503/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-endoscope-assisted-laparoscopic-wedge-resection-for-gastric-submucosal-tumors-adjacent-to-esophagogastric-junction
#8
Xin Ye, Jianchun Yu, Weiming Kang, Zhiqiang Ma, Zhigang Xue
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) is used to treat gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs). However, LWR can injure the cardia if tumors are near the esophagogastric junction (EGJ), resulting in gastric stenosis. This study's purpose was to summarize our experience with endoscope-assisted LWR for gastric SMTs within 3 cm of the EGJ and to verify the procedure's feasibility and safety. METHODS: Data from 91 consecutive patients with gastric SMTs within 3 cm of the EGJ who underwent endoscope-assisted LWR at our hospital from 2007 to 2017 were obtained from a prospectively maintained database...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128412/association-between-gestational-diabetes-and-incident-maternal-ckd-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#9
Elizabeth W Dehmer, Milind A Phadnis, Erica P Gunderson, Cora E Lewis, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Stephanie M Engel, Michele Jonsson Funk, Holly Kramer, Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Gerardo Heiss
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased risk for diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. We evaluated whether GDM is associated with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), controlling for prepregnancy risk factors for both conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Of 2,747 women (aged 18-30 years) enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study in 1985 to 86, we studied 820 who were nulliparous at enrollment, delivered at least 1 pregnancy longer than 20 weeks' gestation, and had kidney function measurements during 25 years of follow-up...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127726/self-reported-marijuana-use-over-25-years-and-abdominal-adiposity-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Michael P Bancks, Reto Auer, J Jeffrey Carr, David C Goff, Catarina Kiefe, Jamal S Rana, Jared Reis, Stephen Sidney, James G Terry, Pamela J Schreiner
AIMS: We investigated the association between cumulative lifetime and current marijuana use with total abdominal adipose tissue (AT), visceral AT, subcutaneous AT, intermuscular AT, and mean liver attenuation (LA) at mid-life. DESIGN: Longitudinal and cross-sectional secondary data analysis of participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. SETTING: CARDIA field centers in Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; and Oakland, CA, USA...
November 11, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116623/kras-mutation-in-gastric-cancer-and-prognostication-associated-with-microsatellite-instability-status
#11
Karol Polom, Kakoli Das, Daniele Marrelli, Giandomenico Roviello, Valeria Pascale, Costantino Voglino, Henry Rho, Patrick Tan, Franco Roviello
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is one of the subgroups based on the new molecular classification of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we analyzed the role of KRAS status in MSI GC and the impact of MSI status on KRAS mutation. We performed analysis on 595 GC patients. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the screening of KRAS mutation (exon 2) and 5 quasi-monomorphic mononucleotide repeats, namely, BAT-26, BAT-25, NR -24, NR-21, and NR-27 were used to determine the MSI status. The KRAS and MSI status were then compared with clinicopathologic data of the GC patients...
November 8, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114921/association-of-early-left-ventricular-dysfunction-with-advanced-magnetic-resonance-white-matter-and-gray-matter-brain-measures-the-cardia-study
#12
Anderson C Armstrong, Majon Muller, Bharath Ambale-Ventakesh, Michael Halstead, Satoru Kishi, Nick Bryan, Stephen Sidney, Luís C L Correia, Samuel S Gidding, Lenore J Launer, João A C Lima
INTRODUCTION: Relations between heart failure and clinically manifested stroke are well known, but the associations between heart and brain early abnormalities are not totally clear. AIMS: We explore relations of subclinical brain abnormalities with early cardiac dysfunction in a large healthy middle-aged biracial cohort. METHODS: The CARDIA study enrolled 5115 young adults aged 18-30 years at baseline (1985-1986). We assessed 719 Caucasian and African American participants of the CARDIA study, with echocardiograms and brain MRI at follow-up year 25 (2010-2011)...
November 8, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108336/prognostic-factors-influencing-the-survival-of-patients-with-carcinoma-of-the-gastric-cardia-receiving-preoperative-interventional-embolization-chemotherapy
#13
Hai-Li Cao, Shu-Qiang Jin, Kai-Bing Wang, Bin Bai
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of patients with gastric cardia cancer (GCC) to identify the main factors the influence the survival rate after interventional embolization chemotherapy (IEC). One hundred and fifty-six patients with advanced GCC were treated with IEC via the left gastric artery. Survival time was defined as from the date of diagnosis until death or the end of this study in June 2015. The median survival time was 15 months (range 3 to 29 months). The Cox proportional hazard model found that patients' age (p < 0...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101561/non-exposure-simple-suturing-endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-ness-eftr-versus-laparoscopic-wedge-resection-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-porcine-model
#14
Hong Man Yoon, Chan Gyoo Kim, Jong Yeul Lee, Soo-Jeong Cho, Myeong-Cherl Kook, Bang Wool Eom, Keun Won Ryu, Young-Woo Kim, Il Ju Choi
BACKGROUND: Current endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) methods produce transmural communication and expose the tumor to the peritoneum. An EFTR method with a simple suturing technique that does not expose the gastric mucosa to the peritoneum (non-exposure simple suturing, NESS) was recently developed. To date, there have been no prospective studies that compare EFTR with laparoscopic wedge resection in human or animal. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between NESS-EFTR and laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) using the linear staplers in a randomized animal study...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101100/frizzled-7-is-required-for-xenopus-heart-development
#15
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Joanna Mulvaney, Grant N Wheeler
Wnt signalling regulates cardiogenesis during specification of heart tissue and the morphogenetic movements necessary to form the linear heart. Wnt11 mediated non-canonical signalling promotes early cardiac development whilst Wnt11-R, which is expressed later, also signals through the non-canonical pathway to promote heart development. It is unclear which Frizzleds mediate these interactions. Frizzled-7 (fzd7) is expressed during gastrulation in the mesodermal cells fated to become heart and then in the primary heart field...
November 3, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093499/erratum-the-bethe-slater-curve-revisited-new-insights-from-electronic-structure-theory
#16
R Cardias, A Szilva, A Bergman, I Di Marco, M I Katsnelson, A I Lichtenstein, L Nordström, A B Klautau, O Eriksson, Y O Kvashnin
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089698/laparoscopic-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-cardia-one-time-treatment-in-developing-countries
#17
Vishal Gupta, Hunaid Hatimi, Saket Kumar, Abhijit Chandra
Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM) and endoscopic balloon dilation are two main treatment modalities for achalasia cardia. The best treatment modality in Indian setting, however, is still unknown. Here, we present the early results of LHM in achalasia. Hospital data from January 2009 to October 2013 was analyzed. Preoperative assessment included Eckardt's scoring, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, barium swallow examination, and esophageal manometry. Thirty-five patients (19 males and 16 females, median age 31 years, range 12-65) underwent LHM with partial fundoplication (with intraoperative endoscopy)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080827/clinical-importance-of-non-participation-in-a-maximal-graded-exercise-test-on-risk-of-non-fatal-and-fatal-cardiovascular-events-and-all-cause-mortality-cardia-study
#18
Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Kara M Whitaker, Daniel Duprez, Barbara Sternfeld, Cora E Lewis, Steve Sidney, Gregory Knell, David R Jacobs
While poor performance during a maximal graded exercise test (GXT) predicts cardiovascular events and premature mortality, the potential clinical importance of non-participation in a GXT, either for medical or non-medical reasons, is currently unknown. Data are from 4086 and 3547 Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) participants who attended the Year 7 (ages 25-37years) and/or 20 exams (ages 38-50years), respectively, which included a GXT. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the effect of GXT disposition (at Year 7 and 20, separately) on risk of non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality obtained through 28years of follow-up...
October 25, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076882/the-gastric-acid-pocket-or-coat-and-its-attenuation-in-helicobacter-pylori-infected-subjects
#19
Kenneth E L McColl
In 2001, it was observed that the cardia region of the lumen of the stomach remained highly acidic after a meal and escaped the buffering effect of the food. This phenomenon was termed the acid pocket and is thought to explain why reflux symptoms occur after meals despite the buffering effect of food. This review describes the discovery of the acid pocket and our progress in understanding the intragastric physiology producing it, its exaggeration in hiatus hernia and role in reflux disease. The recent discovery that the acid pocket is attenuated in the Helicobacter pylori-infected population and the significance of this to the negative association between H...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075555/sex-hormones-and-brain-volumes-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-middle-aged-men-in-the-cardia-study
#20
Martine Elbejjani, Pamela J Schreiner, David S Siscovick, Stephen Sidney, Cora E Lewis, Nick R Bryan, Lenore J Launer
INTRODUCTION: Several findings suggest that testosterone (T) is neuroprotective and that declining T levels during aging are associated with cognitive and brain pathologies; however, little is known on T and brain health in middle-age. We examined the relationships of total T, bioavailable T, and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels with total and regional gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes in middle-aged men. We also evaluated the association of sex hormone levels with cognitive function...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
keyword
keyword
33984
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"