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Ning Luan, Wang Shen, Jie Liu, Bo Wen, Zhilong Lin, Shilong Yang, Ren Lai, Siqi Liu, Mingqiang Rong
Scorpion venom is deemed to contain many toxic peptides as an important source of natural compounds. Out of the two hundred proteins identified in Mesobuthus martensii (M. martensii), only a few peptide toxins have been found so far. Herein, a combinational approach based upon RNA sequencing and Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC MS/MS) was employed to explore the venom peptides in M. martensii. A total of 153 proteins were identified from the scorpion venom, 26 previously known and 127 newly identified...
October 5, 2016: Toxins
Anand Joshi, Matthew Halquist, Zacharoula Konsoula, Yongzhen Liu, J P Jones, Christian Heidbreder, Phillip M Gerk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to improve the oral bioavailability of buprenorphine by inhibiting presystemic metabolism via the oral co-administration of 'Generally Recognized as Safe' compounds, thus providing an orally administered drug product with less variability and comparable or higher exposure compared with the sublingual route. METHODS: The present studies were performed in Sprague Dawley rats following either intravenous or oral administration of buprenorphine/naloxone and oral co-administration of 'Generally Recognized as Safe' compounds referred to as 'adjuvants'...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
S Pchelina, A Emelyanov, G Baydakova, P Andoskin, K Senkevich, M Nikolaev, I Miliukhina, A Yakimovskii, A Timofeeva, E Fedotova, N Abramycheva, T Usenko, D Kulabukhova, A Lavrinova, A Kopytova, L Garaeva, E Nuzhnyi, S Illarioshkin, E Zakharova
Alpha-synuclein oligomerization plays a key role in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Being the most common genetic contributor to PD, glucocerebrosidase 1 (GBA) mutations have been associated with decreased GBA enzymatic activity in PD patients with mutations in the GBA gene (GBA-PD). However, it is unknown whether the activities of other lysosomal hydrolases are being altered in GBA-PD patients and are accompanied by an increase in alpha-synuclein oligomerization. The aim of our study was to estimate GBA enzymatic activity as well as the activities of five other lysosomal hydrolases (galactocerebrosidase, alpha-glucosidase, alpha-galactosidase, sphingomyelinase, alpha-iduronidase) in dried blood spots with assessing plasma oligomeric alpha-synuclein levels in sporadic PD (sPD) patients, in GBA-PD patients and in controls...
October 22, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Bakhta Aouey, Amira Mahjoubi Samet, Hamadi Fetoui, Monique S J Simmonds, Mohamed Bouaziz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The leaves of Vitis vinifera is used in traditional medicine for diarrhea, hepatitis and stomachaches. The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of the hydroalcoholic leaf extract of Vitis vinifera (EVV) on experimental models to provide scientific basis for its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The EVV was chemically characterized by LC-MS/MS analyses. The in vitro antioxidant activities of the EVV extract were measured using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay and Ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP)...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Dian Su, Carl K Ng, Mehraban Khosraviani, Shang-Fan Yu, Ely Cosino, Surinder Kaur, Keyang Xu
Affinity capture liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) intact antibody assay has been widely used for direct drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) and catabolite characterization of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). However, the intact mass spectra of new ADCs, which incorporate new types of linkers and/or payloads other than maytansines and auristatins, are more complex than those examined previously. The current method has showed some limitations in elucidating certain structural modifications. Herein, we report an alternative analytical approach for ADCs, such as THIOMABTM antibody-drug conjugates (TDCs), where the linker-drugs are site-specifically conjugated in the Fab region...
October 25, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Brian F Kiesel, Robert A Parise, Jianxia Guo, Donna M Huryn, Paul A Johnston, Raffaele Colombo, Malabika Sen, Jennifer R Grandis, Jan H Beumer, Julie L Eiseman
PURPOSE: The oncogenic transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) promotes gene transcription involved in cancer, and its activation by IL-6 is found in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Four triazolothiadizine STAT3 pathway inhibitors were evaluated to prioritize a single compound for in vivo examination. METHODS: Metabolic stability in mouse liver microsome incubation was used to evaluate four triazolothiadizine analogues, and UPCDC-10205 was administered to mice IV as single or multiple doses to evaluate toxicity...
October 24, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Yolanda Patiño, Sanaz Pilehvar, Eva Díaz, Salvador Ordóñez, Karolien De Wael
The aqueous phase electrochemical degradation of nalidixic acid (NAL) is studied in this work, using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) as instrumental techniques. The promotional effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) on the performance of glassy carbon electrodes is demonstrated, being observed that these materials catalyze the NAL reduction. The effect of surface functional groups on MWCNT -MWCNT-COOH and MWCNT-NH2-was also studied. The modification of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with MWCNT leads to an improved performance for NAL reduction following the order of MWCNT>MWCNT-NH2>MWCNT-COOH...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
S K Bedada, R Appani, P K Boga
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a widely used antiepileptic drug with narrow therapeutic window and it may be prone to drug interactions. The purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of PIP on metabolism and pharmacokinetics of CBZ in healthy volunteers. An open-label, 2 period, sequential study was conducted in 12 healthy volunteers. PIP 20 mg was administered once daily for 10 days during treatment phase. A single dose of CBZ 200 mg was administered during control and after treatment phases under fasting conditions...
October 24, 2016: Drug Research
Junhui Chen, Xin Li, Shuai Wang, Farong Chen, Wei Cao, Chengjun Sun, Li Zheng, Xiaoru Wang
This study aimed to develop an exact mass suspect screening approach to perform finding of multiple lipophilic marine toxins (LMTs) in seawater, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and marine sediment from marine aquaculture area using liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOF/MS). The method was validated and proven to be reliable for the screening of various LMTs. Then, the method was applied to screen LMTs in marine environmental samples collected from mariculture area of Jiaozhou Bay, China...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Minghong Wu, Rui Sun, Mingnan Wang, Huanhuan Liang, Sihan Ma, Tao Han, Xiaoyu Xia, Jing Ma, Liang Tang, Yanfeng Sun, Gang Xu
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have potential health risk to human. In this paper, human serum samples collected from Jiading District, Shanghai aged from 23 to 87 years old (12 male and 33 female) were analyzed for 17 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). A novel method for the elimination of background contamination of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) generated from instrument by the modification of high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) has also been developed and validated...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Jianyang Pan, Xingchu Gong, Haibin Qu
A novel quantitative 1H NMR (Q-NMR) combined with HPLC-MS method has been proposed for investigating the degradation process of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) components. Through this method, in-situ monitoring of dynamics degradation process of lithospermic acid (LA), one of the popular polyphenolic acids in TCM, was realized under low oxygen condition. Additionally, this methodology was proved to be simple, rapid and specific. Degradation kinetic runs have been carried out to systematically investigate the effects of two key environmental factors, initial pH values and temperatures...
2016: PloS One
Imelda Ryona, Jack Henion
Despite many benefits including simple point-of-care sample collection, reduced costs, and simplified shipping and storage, dried blood spot (DBS) techniques have faced adoption resistance such as the hematocrit (Hct) effects and the established preference for bioanalysis of plasma rather than whole blood. One way to potentially circumvent these challenges is to adopt the concept of a dried plasma spot (DPS) technique. One approach to accomplishing this is through an on-card red blood cell (RBC) filtration to generate plasma from whole blood without the need for centrifugation...
October 24, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Sukanta Das, Jaswinder Singh Maras, Shabir Hussain, Shvetank Sharma, Paul David, S Sukriti, Shasthry S M, Rakhi Maiwall, Nirupama Trehanpati, T P Singh, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Albumin is a potent scavenger of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, modifications in albumin structure may reduce its antioxidant properties and modulate its immune-regulatory functions. We examined alterations in circulating albumin in severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) patients and its contribution in neutrophil activation, intracellular stress plus alteration in associated molecular-pathways. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Albumin modifications and plasma oxidative-stress were assessed in SAH (n=90), alcoholic cirrhosis (AC, n=60) and healthy control (HC, n=30) using LC/MS and spectrophotometry...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Hongtao Guo, Xuyan Niu, Yan Gu, Cheng Lu, Cheng Xiao, Kevin Yue, Ge Zhang, Xiaohua Pan, Miao Jiang, Yong Tan, Hongwei Kong, Zhenli Liu, Guowang Xu, Aiping Lu
Pattern classification is a key approach in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and it is used to classify the patients for intervention selection accordingly. TCM cold and heat patterns, two main patterns of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had been explored with systems biology approaches. Different regulations of apoptosis were found to be involved in cold and heat classification in our previous works. For this study, the metabolic profiling of plasma was explored in RA patients with typical TCM cold or heat patterns by integrating liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) platforms in conjunction with the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hendrik Treutler, Steffen Neumann
Mass spectrometry is a key analytical platform for metabolomics. The precise quantification and identification of small molecules is a prerequisite for elucidating the metabolism and the detection, validation, and evaluation of isotope clusters in LC-MS data is important for this task. Here, we present an approach for the improved detection of isotope clusters using chemical prior knowledge and the validation of detected isotope clusters depending on the substance mass using database statistics. We find remarkable improvements regarding the number of detected isotope clusters and are able to predict the correct molecular formula in the top three ranks in 92 % of the cases...
October 20, 2016: Metabolites
Mohammad Z Hossain, Emily Shea, Mohsen Daneshtalab, John T Weber
Various species of berries have been reported to contain several polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins and flavonols, which are known to possess high antioxidant activity and may be beneficial for human health. To our knowledge, a thorough chemical analysis of polyphenolics in species of these plants native to Newfoundland, Canada has not been conducted. The primary objective of this study was to determine the polyphenolic compounds present in commercial extracts from Newfoundland berries, which included blueberries (V...
October 19, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Hidenori Kamiguchi, Mika Murabayashi, Ikuo Mori, Akira Horinouchi, Kazutaka Higaki
CONTEXT: Drug-induced phospholipidosis is one of the significant concerns in drug development, especially in safety assessment, and non-invasive diagnostic tool is highly desirable. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explored novel biomarkers for phospholipidosis using a metabolomic approach. METHOD: NMR spectrometry and LC/MS/MS analyses were applied to urine and plasma of rats administrated cationic amphiphilic drugs. RESULTS: The phenylacetylglycine to hippuric acid ratio in plasma was increased in time and dose dependent manners; and it was well correlated with histopathological observation...
October 24, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Yipeng Du, Zichao Zhai, Ying Li, Ming Lu, Tanxi Cai, Bo Zhou, Lei Huang, Taotao Wei, Tingting Li
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) based proteomic methods have been widely used to identify lysine acylation proteins. However, these experimental approaches often fail to detect proteins in low abundance or absent in specific biological samples. To circumvent these problems, we developed a computational method to predict lysine acylation, including acetylation, malonylation, succinylation, and glutarylation. The prediction algorithm integrated flanking primary sequence determinants and evolutionary conservation of acylated lysine, as well as multiple protein functional annotation features including gene ontology, conserved domains and protein-protein interactions...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Pedro Casado, Maruan Hijazi, David Britton, Pedro R Cutillas
Signalling pathways driven by protein and lipid kinases are altered in most human diseases. Therefore, pharmacological inhibitors of cell signalling are one of the most intensively pursued therapeutic approaches for the treatment of diseases such as cancer, neurodegeneration and metabolic syndromes. Phosphoproteomics is a technique that measures the products of kinase activities and, with the appropriate bioinformatics techniques, the methodology can also provide measures of kinase pathway activation and network circuitry...
October 24, 2016: Proteomics
Balaraman Kalyanaraman, Micael Hardy, Jacek Zielonka
In this review, potential fluorescent probe applications for detecting reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) generated from NADPH oxidases (e.g., Nox2) and nitric oxide synthase enzymes are discussed in the context of pesticide toxicology. Identification of the specific marker products derived from the interaction between ROS/RNS and the fluorescent probes (e.g., hydroethidine and coumarin boronate) is critical. Due to the complex nature of reactions between the probes and ROS/RNS, we suggest avoiding the use of fluorescence microscopy for detecting oxidizing/nitrating species...
August 2016: Current Pharmacology Reports
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