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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035610/critical-assessment-of-health-disparities-across-subpopulation-groups-through-a-social-determinants-of-health-perspective-the-case-of-type-2-diabetes-patients
#1
Yong-Mi Kim, Dursun Delen
BACKGROUND: Studies on diabetes have shown that population subgroups have varying rates of medical events and related procedures; however, existing studies have investigated either medical events or procedures, and hence, it is unknown whether disparities exist between medical events and procedures. PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate how diabetes-related medical events and procedures are different across population subgroups through a social determinants of health (SDH) perspective...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024036/how-and-why-do-countries-differ-in-their-governance-and-financing-related-administrative-expenditure-in-health-care-an-analysis-of-oecd-countries-by-health-care-system-typology
#2
Luc L Hagenaars, Niek S Klazinga, Michael Mueller, David J Morgan, Patrick P T Jeurissen
INTRODUCTION: Administration is vital for health care. Its importance may increase as health care systems become more complex, but academic attention has remained minimal. We investigated trends in administrative expenditure across OECD countries, cross-country spending differences, spending differences between health care system typologies, and differences in the scale and scope of administrative functions across typologies. METHODS: We used OECD data, which include health system governance and financing-related administrative activities by regulators, governance bodies, and insurers (macrolevel), but exclude administrative expenditure by health care providers (mesolevel and microlevel)...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#3
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017542/financial-burden-of-healthcare-for-cancer-patients-with-social-medical-insurance-a-multi-centered-study-in-urban-china
#4
Wenhui Mao, Shenglan Tang, Ying Zhu, Zening Xie, Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: Cancer accounts for one-fifth of the total deaths in China and brings heavy financial burden to patients and their families. Chinese government has made strong commitment to develop three types of social medical insurance since 1997 and recently, more attempts were invested to provide better financial protection. To analyze health services utilization and financial burden of insured cancer patients, and identify the gaps of financial protection provided by insurance in urban China...
October 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017480/longitudinal-assessment-of-daily-activity-patterns-on-weight-change-after-involuntary-job-loss-the-adapt-study-protocol
#5
Patricia L Haynes, Graciela E Silva, George W Howe, Cynthia A Thomson, Emily A Butler, Stuart F Quan, Duane Sherrill, Molly Scanlon, Darlynn M Rojo-Wissar, Devan N Gengler, David A Glickenstein
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified obesity as one of the most visible and neglected public health problems worldwide. Meta-analytic studies suggest that insufficient sleep increases the risk of developing obesity and related serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, the nationwide average sleep duration has steadily declined over the last two decades with 25% of U.S. adults reporting insufficient sleep. Stress is also an important indirect factor in obesity, and chronic stress and laboratory-induced stress negatively impact sleep...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017454/productivity-losses-and-public-finance-burden-attributable-to-breast-cancer-in-poland-2010-2014
#6
Błażej Łyszczarz, Ewelina Nojszewska
BACKGROUND: Apart from the health and social burden of the disease, breast cancer (BC) has important economic implications for the sick, health system and whole economy. There has been a growing interest in the economic aspects of breast cancer and analyses of the disease costs seem to be the most explored topic. However, the results from these studies are hardly comparable. With this study we aim to contribute to the field by providing estimates of productivity losses and public finance burden attributable to BC in Poland...
October 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992892/obstetric-risk-factors-for-depression-during-the-postpartum-period-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-study
#7
HyunChul Youn, Suji Lee, Sung Won Han, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Min-Jeong Oh, Hyun-Ghang Jeong, Geum Joon Cho
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum depression is related to many adverse effects in both mothers and their children; therefore, proper screening and early interventions are needed. This study aims to identify the risk factors of postpartum depression. Our primary focus is on obstetric risk factors. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study which we extracted the data of women who gave birth between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2012 from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service (HIRA) database...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991426/scraping-by-income-and-program-participation-after-the-loss-of-extended-unemployment-benefits
#8
Jesse Rothstein, Robert G Valletta
Many Unemployment Insurance (UI) recipients do not find new jobs before exhausting their benefits, even when benefits are extended during recessions. Using Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) panel data covering the 2001 and 2007 to 2009 recessions and their aftermaths, we identify individuals whose jobless spells outlasted their UI benefits (exhaustees) and examine household income, program participation, and health-related outcomes during the six months following UI exhaustion. For the average exhaustee, the loss of UI benefits is only slightly offset by increased participation in other safety net programs (e...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991132/a-new-lease-on-life-preliminary-needs-assessment-for-the-development-of-a-survivorship-program-for-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer-in-south-texas
#9
Susanne Schmidt, L Aubree Shay, Harriet V King, Jordan Buckley, Leanne Embry, Helen M Parsons
Priorities for young adult survivorship care from the survivors' perspective are not well documented. To address this within our patient population, we conducted a multimethod needs assessment of young adult survivors of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancer in South Texas to get a better understanding of the ongoing challenges and priorities for their survivorship needs and related services. Participants were 18 to 39 years at the time of the needs assessment and predominately Hispanic. In an online survey, survivors most commonly cited being concerned about their physical and mental health, long-term treatment effects, recurrence, and health insurance issues...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990719/japanese-outreach-model-project-for-patients-who-have-difficulty-maintaining-contact-with-mental-health-services-comparison-of-care-between-higher-functioning-and-lower-functioning-groups
#10
Aki Tsunoda, Yoshifumi Kido, Mami Kayama
AIM: The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare sponsored the current examination of a new community mental health service, the Japan Outreach Model Project (JOMP), for persons with mental illnesses and who find it difficult to continue with ongoing treatment. Shorter readmission rates and hospital stays were found. In this study, the amount and type of care that were delivered by the JOMP were examined in order to inform the process of establishing the public insurance system...
October 9, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989816/social-determinants-of-health-associated-with-hbv-testing-and-access-to-care-among-foreign-born-persons-residing-in-the-united-states-2009-2012
#11
Kevin M Greene, Wayne A Duffus, Jian Xing, Hope King
OBJECTIVES: To describe how select Social Determinants of Health (SDH) are associated with the burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among foreign-born persons residing in the United States. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 Risk Factor Survey data to investigate the independent relationship between SDH and HBV testing and access to care. RESULTS: HBV infected persons with insurance were more likely to see a physician than those without...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987824/economic-analysis-of-a-nurse-led-programme-for-comorbidities-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#12
Charline Mourgues, Marie Blanquet, Laurent Gerbaud, Martin Soubrier, Maxime Dougados
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cause major functional, psychological, social and occupational repercussions for patients and has important economic consequences for society. The principal objective of this work was to determine the economic pertinence of a staff nurse specialised in preventive management for these patients. METHODS: The COMEDRA multicentre randomised controlled clinical trial, conducted from March 2011 to June 2012, showed the effectiveness of a nurse-led programme dedicated to the management of comorbidities trough the promotion of 11 preventive procedures...
October 4, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981832/cognitive-predictors-of-work-among-social-security-disability-insurance-beneficiaries-with-psychiatric-disorders-enrolled-in-ips-supported-employment
#13
Susan R McGurk, Robert E Drake, Haiyi Xie, Jarnee Riley, Roline Milfort, Thomas W Hale, William Frey
BACKGROUND: Impaired cognitive functioning is a significant predictor of work dysfunction in schizophrenia. Less is known, however about relationships of cognition and work in people with less severe disorders with relatively normal cognitive functioning. METHODS: This secondary analysis evaluated cognitive predictors of work in Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries with a recent work history who were randomized to receive mental health services, supported employment, and freedom from work disincentives over a 2-year study period in the Mental Health Treatment Study...
August 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977122/-comprehensive-primary-care-and-segmented-health-systems-in-south-america
#14
Ligia Giovanella, Patty Fidelis de Almeida
The article analyzes recent reforms in primary health care in the South American countries, discussing the scope and challenges for establishing comprehensive primary health care in the region's health systems. The data sources were case studies conducted in 12 countries, and the analytical lines were the strategic components in the design and implementation of primary health care: national policy approaches, characteristics of financing, organization and provision, and the workforce in primary health care...
October 2, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975558/work-disability-among-native-born-and-foreign-born-americans-on-origins-health-and-social-safety-nets
#15
Michal Engelman, Bert M Kestenbaum, Megan L Zuelsdorff, Neil K Mehta, Diane S Lauderdale
Public debates about both immigration policy and social safety net programs are increasingly contentious. However, little research has explored differences in health within America's diverse population of foreign-born workers, and the effect of these workers on public benefit programs is not well understood. We investigate differences in work disability by nativity and origins and describe the mix of health problems associated with receiving Social Security Disability Insurance benefits. Our analysis draws on two large national data sources-the American Community Survey and comprehensive administrative records from the Social Security Administration-to determine the prevalence and incidence of work disability between 2001 and 2010...
October 3, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973507/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-participation-and-health-care-expenditures-among-low-income-adults
#16
Seth A Berkowitz, Hilary K Seligman, Joseph Rigdon, James B Meigs, Sanjay Basu
Importance: Food insecurity is associated with high health care expenditures, but the effectiveness of food insecurity interventions on health care costs is unknown. Objective: To determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a retrospective cohort study of 4447 noninstitutionalized adults with income below 200% of the federal poverty threshold who participated in the 2011 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 2012-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
September 25, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971930/estimating-the-effects-of-health-insurance-and-other-social-programs-on-poverty-under-the-affordable-care-act
#17
Dahlia K Remler, Sanders D Korenman, Rosemary T Hyson
The effects of health insurance on poverty have been difficult to ascertain because US poverty measures have not taken into account the need for health care and the value of health benefits. We developed the first US poverty measure to include the need for health insurance and to count health insurance benefits as resources available to meet that need-in other words, a health-inclusive poverty measure. We estimated the direct effects of health insurance benefits on health-inclusive poverty for people younger than age sixty-five, comparing the impacts of different health insurance programs and of nonhealth means-tested cash and in-kind benefits, refundable tax credits, and nonhealth social insurance programs...
October 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971924/despite-increased-insurance-coverage-nonwhite-sexual-minorities-still-experience-disparities-in-access-to-care
#18
Ning Hsieh, Matt Ruther
Previous studies suggest that members of sexual minority groups have poorer access to health services than heterosexuals. However, few studies have examined how sexual orientation interacts with gender and race to affect health care experience. Moreover, little is known about the role in health care disparities played by economic strains such as unemployment and poverty, which may result from prejudice and discrimination based on sexual orientation. Using data for 2013-15 from the National Health Interview Survey, we found that most members of sexual minority groups no longer have higher uninsurance rates than heterosexuals, but many continue to experience poorer access to high-quality care...
October 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962656/equity-in-health-financing-of-guangxi-after-china-s-universal-health-coverage-evidence-based-on-health-expenditure-comparison-in-rural-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-from-2009-to-2013
#19
Xianjing Qin, Hongye Luo, Jun Feng, Yanning Li, Bo Wei, Qiming Feng
BACKGROUND: Healthcare financing should be equitable. Fairness in financial contribution and protection against financial risk is based on the notion that every household should pay a fair share. Health policy makers have long been concerned with protecting people from the possibility that ill health will lead to catastrophic financial payments and subsequent impoverishment. A number of studies on health care financing equity have been conducted in some provinces of China, but in Guangxi, we found such observation is not enough...
September 29, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959773/development-of-a-method-to-obtain-more-accurate-general-and-oral-health-related-information-retrospectively
#20
Golkari A, Sabokseir A, Blane D, Sheiham A, Watt Rg
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Early childhood is a crucial period of life as it affects one's future health. However, precise data on adverse events during this period is usually hard to access or collect, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: This paper first reviews the existing methods for retrospective data collection in health and social sciences, and then introduces a new method/tool for obtaining more accurate general and oral health related information from early childhood retrospectively...
June 2017: J Dent Biomater
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