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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440872/lay-health-educators-and-print-materials-for-the-promotion-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-korean-americans-a-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-study
#1
Angela M Jo, Tung T Nguyen, Susan Stewart, Min J Sung, Ginny Gildengorin, Janice Y Tsoh, Elisa K Tong, Penny Lo, Charlene Cuaresma, Angela Sy, Hy Lam, Ching Wong, Matthew Jeong, Moon S Chen, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean American men and women. Although CRC screening is effective in reducing the burden of this disease, studies have shown that Korean Americans have low screening rates. METHODS: The authors conducted a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial comparing a brochure (print) with a brochure and lay health educator (LHE) outreach (print + LHE) in increasing CRC screening rates among Korean American individuals...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439816/competitive-health-markets-and-risk-equalisation-in-australia-lessons-learnt-from-other-countries
#2
Ayman Fouda, Gianluca Fiorentini, Francesco Paolucci
The aims of this paper are to evaluate the risk equalisation (RE) arrangement in Australia's private health insurance against practices in other countries with similar arrangements and to propose ways of improving the system to advance economic efficiency and solidarity. Possible regulatory responses to insurance market failures are reviewed based on standard economic arguments. We describe various regulatory strategies used elsewhere to identify essential system features against which the Australian system is compared...
April 24, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438048/the-impact-of-infant-well-child-care-compliance-and-social-risks-on-emergency-department-utilization
#3
Nikki R Lawson, Melissa D Klein, Nicholas J Ollberding, Victoria Wurster Ovalle, Andrew F Beck
Deployment of medical and social services at well-child visits promotes child health. A retrospective review of the electronic health record was conducted for infants presenting for their "newborn" visit over a 2-year period at an urban, academic primary care center. Primary outcomes were time to first emergency department (ED) visit, number of ED visits (emergent or nonemergent), and number of nonemergent ED visits by 2 years of life. Records from 212 consecutive newborns were evaluated-59.9% were black/African American and 84...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433462/-health-and-access-to-health-care-of-18-25%C3%A2-years-old-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-attending-the-french-missions-locales
#4
S Robert, S Lesieur, J Chastang, V Kergoat, J Dutertre, P Chauvin
BACKGROUND: In France, "missions locales" are public assistance units for young people aged 16-25 years not in employment, education or training (NEET). The health status of the more than 1.5 million young adults attending these units annually is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the health status and health care use of this population in comparison with the general population of the same age. METHODS: The Presaje survey was conducted in 2011 on a randomized sample of 1453 young adults aged 18-25 years who attended five "missions locales" in mainland France...
April 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433120/additional-cost-because-of-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-results-from-the-incidence-of-pneumonia-and-related-consequences-in-nursing-home-resident-study
#5
Nadège Costa, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Michael Mounié, Robert Bourrel, Yves Rolland, Bruno Vellas, Laurent Molinier, Matteo Cesari
OBJECTIVES: Pneumonia is a frequent condition in older people. Our aim was to examine the total healthcare cost related to pneumonia in nursing home (NH) residents over a 1-year follow-up period. DESIGN: This was a prospective, longitudinal, observational, and multicenter study that was a part of the Incidence of Pneumonia and related Consequences in Nursing Home Resident study. SETTING: Thirteen NHs located in Languedoc Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées regions in France were included...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431579/protocole-of-a-controlled-before-after-evaluation-of-a-national-health-information-technology-based-program-to-improve-healthcare-coordination-and-access-to-information
#6
Florence Saillour-Glénisson, Sylvie Duhamel, Emmanuelle Fourneyron, Laetitia Huiart, Jean Philippe Joseph, Emmanuel Langlois, Stephane Pincemail, Viviane Ramel, Thomas Renaud, Tamara Roberts, Matthieu Sibé, Frantz Thiessard, Jerome Wittwer, Louis Rachid Salmi
BACKGROUND: Improvement of coordination of all health and social care actors in the patient pathways is an important issue in many countries. Health Information (HI) technology has been considered as a potentially effective answer to this issue. The French Health Ministry first funded the development of five TSN ("Territoire de Soins Numérique"/Digital health territories) projects, aiming at improving healthcare coordination and access to information for healthcare providers, patients and the population, and at improving healthcare professionals work organization...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429659/sex-differences-in-disease-specific-health-status-measures-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-data-from-the-portrait-study
#7
Mazen Roumia, Herbert D Aronow, Peter Soukas, Kensey Gosch, Kim G Smolderen, John A Spertus, J Dawn Abbott
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with poor health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life (QOL)). Whether sex differences exist in PAD-specific health status is unknown. In patients presenting to a specialty clinic with new-onset or recent exacerbation of PAD, we examined sex differences as assessed by the Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ). The Patient-centered Outcomes Related to TReatment Practices in Peripheral Arterial Disease: Investigating Trajectories (PORTRAIT) study is a multicenter, international prospective study of patients with new or worsening PAD symptoms...
April 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427466/determinants-of-orphan-drugs-prices-in-france-a-regression-analysis
#8
Daria Korchagina, Aurelie Millier, Anne-Lise Vataire, Samuel Aballea, Bruno Falissard, Mondher Toumi
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the orphan drug legislation led to the increase in the number of available orphan drugs, but the access to them is often limited due to the high price. Social preferences regarding funding orphan drugs as well as the criteria taken into consideration while setting the price remain unclear. The study aimed at identifying the determinant of orphan drug prices in France using a regression analysis. METHODS: All drugs with a valid orphan designation at the moment of launch for which the price was available in France were included in the analysis...
April 21, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427286/incomes-and-outcomes-social-security-disability-benefits-in-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Robert A Rosenheck, Sue E Estroff, Kyaw Sint, Haiqun Lin, Kim T Mueser, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, Patricia Marcy, John M Kane
OBJECTIVE: Social Security Administration (SSA) disability benefits are an important source of income for people with psychoses and confer eligibility for health insurance. The authors examined the impact of coordinated specialty care on receipt of such benefits in first-episode psychosis, along with the correlates and consequences of receiving them. METHOD: The Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode-Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study, a 34-site cluster-randomized trial, compared NAVIGATE, a coordinated specialty care program, to usual community care over 2 years...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#10
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419485/maternal-and-child-characteristics-associated-with-mother-child-interaction-in-one-year-olds
#11
J Carolyn Graff, Andrew J Bush, Frederick B Palmer, Laura E Murphy, Toni M Whitaker, Frances A Tylavsky
Mothers' interactions with their young children have predicted later child development, behavior, and health, but evidence has been developed mainly in at-risk clinical samples. An economically and racially diverse sample of pregnant women who were not experiencing a high-risk pregnancy were recruited to participate in a community-based, longitudinal study of factors associated with child cognitive and social-emotional development during the first 3 years. The purpose of the present analysis was to identify associations between the characteristics of 1125 mothers and their 1-year-olds and the mothers' and children's scores on the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS)...
April 18, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417462/exploring-patient-satisfaction-levels-self-rated-oral-health-status-and-associated-variables-among-citizens-covered-for-dental-insurance-through-a-national-social-security-scheme-in-india
#12
Abhinav Singh, Bharathi M Purohit
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient satisfaction, self-rated oral health and associated factors, including periodontal status and dental caries, among patients covered for dental insurance through a National Social Security Scheme in New Delhi, India. METHOD: A total of 1,498 patients participated in the study. Satisfaction levels and self-rated oral-health scores were measured using a questionnaire comprising 12 closed-ended questions. Clinical data were collected using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
April 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411525/health-access-to-care-among-working-age-lower-income-adults-in-the-great-recession-disparities-across-race-and-ethnicity-and-geospatial-factors
#13
Samuel D Towne, Janice C Probst, James W Hardin, Bethany A Bell, Saundra Glover
In the United States (US) and elsewhere, residents of low resource areas face health-related disparities, and may experience different outcomes throughout times of severe economic flux. We aimed to identify individual (e.g. sociodemographic) and environmental (e.g. region, rurality) factors associated with self-reported health and forgone medical care due to the cost of treatment in the US across the Great Recession (2008-2009). We analyzed nationally representative data (2004-2010) using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in the US...
April 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406428/green-care-a-review-of-the-benefits-and-potential-of-animal-assisted-care-farming-globally-and-in-rural-america
#14
REVIEW
Brianna Artz, Doris Bitler Davis
The term Green Care includes therapeutic, social or educational interventions involving farming; farm animals; gardening or general contact with nature. Although Green Care can occur in any setting in which there is interaction with plants or animals, this review focuses on therapeutic practices occurring on farms. The efficacy of care farming is discussed and the broad utilization of care farming and farm care communities in Europe is reviewed. Though evidence from care farms in the United States is included in this review, the empirical evidence which could determine its efficacy is lacking...
April 13, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406233/changes-in-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-disadvantaged-french-caribbean-populations-2003-to-2014
#15
P Carrère, N Halbert, S Lamy, J Inamo, A Atallah, T Lang
In 2003, the PHDG (Prevalence of Hypertension among Disadvantaged Guadeloupeans) study highlighted poor management of hypertension in an unemployed French Caribbean population. New processes of health-care coordination and a pay-for-performance system have since been developed. We aimed to assess changes in hypertension characteristics in disadvantaged French Caribbean populations in the last 10 years. Using PHDG 2003 data, in 2014 we undertook a cross-sectional study with identical methods. The source population comprised all Guadeloupeans having undergone periodic heath checks offered by the Social Security insurance at these dates...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399837/fear-of-re-injury-and-return-to-work-following-compensable-injury-qualitative-insights-from-key-stakeholders-in-victoria-australia
#16
Samantha Bunzli, Nabita Singh, Danielle Mazza, Alex Collie, Agnieszka Kosny, Rasa Ruseckaite, Bianca Brijnath
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is important for recovery post-injury. Fear of (re)injury is a strong predictor of delayed RTW, and therefore much attention has been given to addressing injured workers' fear beliefs. However, RTW is a socially-negotiated process and it may be important to consider the wider social context of the injured worker, including the beliefs of the key people involved in their RTW journey. METHODS: This paper involves data collected as part of a wider study in which semi-structured interviews explored RTW from the perspectives of 93 key stakeholders: injured workers, GPs, employers and insurance case managers in Victoria, Australia...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398566/twelve-month-health-care-use-and-mortality-in-commercially-insured-young-people-with-incident-psychosis-in-the-united-states
#17
Michael Schoenbaum, Jason M Sutherland, Andre Chappel, Susan Azrin, Amy B Goldstein, Agnes Rupp, Robert K Heinssen
OBJECTIVE: To assess 12-month mortality and patterns of outpatient and inpatient treatment among young people experiencing an incident episode of psychosis in the United States. METHOD: Prospective observational analysis of a population-based cohort of commercially insured individuals aged 16-30 receiving a first observed (index) diagnosis of psychosis in 2008-2009. Data come from the US Department of Health and Human Services' Multi-Payer Claims Database Pilot...
April 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398492/a-proactive-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-smokers-the-role-of-smoking-related-stigma
#18
Patrick Hammett, Steven S Fu, David Nelson, Barbara Clothier, Jessie E Saul, Rachel Widome, Elisheva R Danan, Diana J Burgess
Introduction: Smoking de-normalization has been paralleled by reduced smoking prevalence, but smoking rates among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations remain high. The social unacceptability of smoking has also led to increased perceptions of smoking-related stigma. By examining how smoking stigma influences cessation intervention effectiveness, we can better tailor interventions to socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers. Methods: Data are from a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of a proactive cessation intervention on abstinence...
April 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392594/subsidiarity-restoring-a-sacred-harmony
#19
John W Kieffer
The principle of subsidiarity is a bastion of Catholic social teaching. It is also a principle in the philosophy of the American Founding Fathers. In the USA, subsidiarity is ignored without a sense of the proper harmony between authority and responsibility. Human dignity and wise stewardship are compromised. Conscience protection becomes a concerning issue as highlighted by the conflicts arising after passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. A reconnection of the patient to be steward of his health care is critical in addressing these issues...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392591/achieving-moral-high-quality-affordable-medical-care-in-america-through-a-true-free-market
#20
David McKalip
The basis of a just and moral economic model for health care is examined in the context of Catholic social teaching. The performance of the current model of "central economic planning" in medicine is evaluated in terms of the core principles of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church and compared to freedom-based economic models. It is clear that the best way to respect and serve human dignity, the common good, subsidiarity, and solidarity in medicine is through the establishment of a true, free-market health economy...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
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