keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

rntcp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511415/impact-of-a-structured-tuberculosis-awareness-strategy-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-the-families-in-a-slum-area-in-chhattisgarh-india
#1
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485693/rapid-assessment-of-facilitators-and-barriers-related-to-the-acceptance-challenges-and-community-perception-of-daily-regimen-for-treating-tuberculosis-in-india
#2
Himanshu Negandhi, Ritika Tiwari, Anjali Sharma, Rajesh Nair, Sanjay Zodpey, Ramesh Reddy Allam, Ganesh Oruganti
INTRODUCTION: The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) is the largest tuberculosis (TB) control program in the world based on Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS) strategy. Globally, most countries have been using a daily regimen and in India a shift towards a daily regimen for TB treatment has already begun. The daily strategy is known to improve program coverage along with compliance. Such strategic shifts have both management and operational implications...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432172/why-tuberculosis-control-programmes-fail-role-of-microlevel-and-macrolevel-factors-an-analysis-from-india
#3
Sudip Bhattacharya, Amarjeet Singh
India accounts for one-fourth of the global tuberculosis (TB) burden. The National TB Program was started in 1962. Over a period of time, some lacunae such as poor case detection rate and incomplete treatment were observed. Later, the government formulated the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP), which achieved a case detection rate of 70% and a cure rate of 85%. Still, the problem of relapse and defaulter cases persists. In 2014, 6% defaulter cases were reported from India. RNTCP has also focused on microlevel aspects, that is, newer diagnostics such as GenXpert, line probe assay and medicines such as bedaquiline for drug-resistant TB...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410702/study-of-the-structure-and-functioning-of-referral-mechanism-of-patients-receiving-treatment-and-records-linkage-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-rntcp-of-government-of-india
#4
K Vivekanand, A Mohan, K V S Sarma
BACKGROUND: The reliable and successful performance of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) "referral mechanism" is profoundly important in the medical college scenario, and it is an important requirement of the programme to have feedback status report of the referred patients. METHODS: An observational study on tuberculosis (TB) patients referred from Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) Centre, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS) was conducted during the years 2010 to 2012 (n=622)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253922/counting-the-lives-saved-by-dots-in-india-a-model-based-approach
#5
Sandip Mandal, Vineet K Chadha, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Nimalan Arinaminpathy
BACKGROUND: Against the backdrop of renewed efforts to control tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, there is a need for improved methods to estimate the public health impact of TB programmes. Such methods should not only address the improved outcomes amongst those receiving care but should also account for the impact of TB services on reducing transmission. METHODS: Vital registration data in India are not sufficiently reliable for estimates of TB mortality. As an alternative approach, we developed a mathematical model of TB transmission dynamics and mortality, capturing the scale-up of DOTS in India, through the rollout of the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP)...
March 3, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242663/factors-influencing-tuberculosis-treatment-outcome-in-adult-patients-treated-with-thrice-weekly-regimens-in-india
#6
Geetha Ramachandran, Hemanth Kumar Agibothu Kupparam, Chandrasekaran Vedhachalam, Kannan Thiruvengadam, Vijayalakshmi Rajagandhi, Azger Dusthackeer, Ramesh Karunaianantham, Lavanya Jayapal, Soumya Swaminathan
The Indian Revised National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme uses thrice-weekly treatment with standard drug dosages. The role of plasma drug levels and other factors in determining TB treatment outcomes is not well understood. We aimed to determine the factors influencing the concentrations of rifampin (RMP), isoniazid (INH), and pyrazinamide (PZA) at 2 h postdosing in adult TB patients and to study the factors impacting TB treatment outcome. We recruited 1,912 adult TB patients (newly treated and retreated patients) with pulmonary/extrapulmonary TB receiving antitubercular treatment (ATT) in the RNTCP in Chennai, India...
May 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050363/first-line-anti-tb-drug-resistance-in-an-urban-area-of-odisha-india
#7
Dasarathi Das, Prakasini Satapathy, Biswanath Murmu
INTRODUCTION: Drug resistance is a major cause for increasing the global burden of Tuberculosis (TB). However in countries with larger geographical areas and different climatic conditions like India the prevalence of drug resistance varies from place to place. Information on anti-TB drug resistance patterns particularly among newly diagnosed cases is crucial for planning an effective TB control program. AIM: To determine the prevalence of resistance against first line anti-TB drugs and Multi Drug Resistance (MDR) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998499/study-of-factors-influencing-response-and-outcome-of-cat-iv-regimen-in-mdrtb-patients
#8
Arun Kumar Yadav, Ashok Kumar Mehrotra, S P Agnihotri, Shivani Swami
BACKGROUND: CAT IV regimen or the standardized drug regimen (SDR) under the Revised National Control Program (RNTCP) uses six second-line anti-tubercular drugs in the initial intensive phase (IP). These drugs have many side effects and toxicity; they are less efficacious and have poor acceptability. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and outcome of Cat-IV regimen and the factors which influence the treatment outcome in MDR TB patients. METHODS: It was a prospective observational study, which was done in the CAT II treatment failure, LPA proven MDR TB patients, above the age of 18 years, who were referred to DOTS Plus center for treatment...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891362/health-seeking-behaviour-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-india-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (RNTCP) passive case finding approach strongly influence the health seeking behaviour of patients and the timing of health seeking as well. AIM: A systematic review was carried out to understand the health seeking behaviour, related delays and the knowledge and attitude regarding Tuberculosis (TB) and the health services linked with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A manual search strategy was adopted using PUBMED and Google Scholar search engines to obtain research papers in the said subject...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875116/toward-a-comprehensive-cure-digital-information-and-communication-technology-is-helping-to-meet-health-care-challenges-in-india
#10
Debdoot Sheet
How would you provide effective and affordable health care in a country of more than 1.25 billion where there are only 0.7 physicians for every 1,000 people [1]? The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) and the Karnataka Internet-Assisted Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (KIDROP) service are two notable efforts designed to deliver care across India, in both urban and rural areas and from the country?s flat plains to its rugged mountainous and desert regions.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865237/smoked-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-rntcp-in-urban-puducherry-india
#11
Veerakumar Arumugam Mariappan, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Govindarajan Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes like failures and defaults among the TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in urban Pondicherry and study the association of various socio-demographic variables with current smoked and smokeless tobacco users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780217/the-tuberculosis-cascade-of-care-in-india-s-public-sector-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Ramnath Subbaraman, Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Srinath Satyanarayana, Madhukar Pai, Beena E Thomas, Vineet K Chadha, Kiran Rade, Soumya Swaminathan, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND: India has 23% of the global burden of active tuberculosis (TB) patients and 27% of the world's "missing" patients, which includes those who may not have received effective TB care and could potentially spread TB to others. The "cascade of care" is a useful model for visualizing deficiencies in case detection and retention in care, in order to prioritize interventions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The care cascade constructed in this paper focuses on the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), which treats about half of India's TB patients...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733962/evaluation-of-culture-media-for-isolation-of-mycobacterium-species-from-human-clinical-specimens
#13
Padmavali Palange, Rahul Narang, Venkataramana Kandi
BACKGROUND: Laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis has undergone a rapid change during last few years and a number of techniques for culture as well as molecular diagnosis have been used with their respective advantages and disadvantages. Sporadic studies have also reported the isolation of M. tuberculosis on standard blood agar (BA), which at one time was not considered as a suitable medium for mycobacterial culture. The present study was conducted to evaluate the routine use of 5% sheep BA in a mycobacteriology laboratory by comparing isolation rates and time for isolation of mycobacteria from pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples with those on Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium...
August 30, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510252/pharmacokinetics-of-thrice-weekly-rifampicin-isoniazid-and-pyrazinamide-in-adult-tuberculosis-patients-in-india
#14
A K Hemanth Kumar, T Kannan, V Chandrasekaran, V Sudha, A Vijayakumar, K Ramesh, J Lavanya, S Swaminathan, G Ramachandran
OBJECTIVE: To study the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) in adult tuberculosis (TB) patients and examine factors that influence drug pharmacokinetics. METHODS: Adult TB patients (n = 101) receiving thrice-weekly anti-tuberculosis treatment in the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) were studied. The study was conducted at steady state after directly observed drug administration. RMP, INH and PZA concentrations were estimated using high-performance liquid chromatography and NAT2 genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
September 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451816/patients-perceptions-about-the-implementation-of-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-of-india
#15
S K Verma, Karthik Nagaraju, Surya Kant, R A S Kushwaha, S Kumar, R Garg
INTRODUCTION: Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) was launched by the Government of India in 1993. The present study has attempted to analyze the perceptions of patients regarding the implementation of RNTCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was done in a teaching hospital in North India. All patients attending the hospital between March 2014 and July 2014 were included. The study design was cross-sectional using a pre-designed and tested questionnaire...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430557/coping-with-tuberculosis-and-directly-observed-treatment-a-qualitative-study-among-patients-from-south-india
#16
Vijayashree Yellappa, Pierre Lefèvre, Tullia Battaglioli, Devadasan Narayanan, Patrick Van der Stuyft
BACKGROUND: In India, the Revised National TB control programme (RNTCP) offers free diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis (TB), based on the Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) strategy. We conducted a qualitative study to explore the experience and consequences of having TB on patients enrolled in DOTS and their caretakers in Tumkur district, located in a southern state of India, Karnataka. METHODS: We conducted 33 in-depth interviews on a purposive sample of TB patients from three groups: (1) patients who reached RNTCP directly on their own and took DOTS at RNTCP; (2) patients who were referred by private practitioners (PPs) to RNTCP and took DOTS at RNTCP; and (3) patients diagnosed by RNTCP and took DOTS from PPs...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366249/tuberculosis-of-spine-an-experience-of-30-cases-over-two-years
#17
Amey P Patankar
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis of spine is still a very common condition in India. Here, the results of 30 cases of tuberculosis of spine treated in SSG Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, in the last two years, are reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with tuberculosis of spine were treated in SSG Hospital in the last two years. They were classified into three groups, based on the GATA, GATA = Gulhane Askeri Tip Akademisi (Gulhane Military Medical Academy) classification for spinal tuberculosis, with few modifications...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235943/universal-access-to-dots-in-delhi-prisons-where-do-we-stand
#18
Meera Dhuria, Nandini Sharma, K K Chopra, Shivani Chandra
BACKGROUND: Universal access implies that all tuberculosis (TB) patients in the community should have access to early, good quality diagnosis and treatment services that are affordable and convenient to the patient in time, place, and person. To achieve universal access, all affected vulnerable and marginalized population like prison inmates should have access to TB diagnostic and treatment services. OBJECTIVES: To assess the TB control activities in prisons of Delhi, the capital of India, and to suggest interventions for strengthening the program based on the observations...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155190/xpert-%C3%A2-mtb-rif-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-children
#19
M Singh, G R Sethi, M Mantan, A Khanna, M Hanif
SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in New Delhi, India. OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert(®) MTB/RIF assay in paediatric pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) using MGIT™ culture as gold standard. METHODS: After ethical approval had been obtained, 50 patients aged 0-14 years with suspected PTB were enrolled. Sputum/induced sputum and gastric lavage from the participants were sent for direct smear, MGIT culture and Xpert testing...
June 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084821/private-practitioners-contributions-to-the-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-in-a-south-indian-district
#20
V Yellappa, T Battaglioli, S K Gurum, D Narayanan, P Van der Stuyft
SETTING: Tumkur District, South India. OBJECTIVE: To assess the participation of for-profit, formal private practitioners (PPs) under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (RNTCP's) public-private mix (PPM) schemes and document their contribution to RNTCP pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) case finding. DESIGN: RNTCP reports at district TB centre were reviewed. PPs were mapped and their referrals of presumptive TB cases to the RNTCP during 2011 were assessed using laboratory registers at designated microscopy centres (DMCs)...
May 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
keyword
keyword
33973
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"