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Patellar instability

Robert A Duerr, Aakash Chauhan, Darren A Frank, Patrick J DeMeo, Sam Akhavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: JBJS Rev
Jacob Matz, James L Howard, David J Morden, Steven J MacDonald, Matthew G Teeter, Brent A Lanting
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral joint biomechanics contribute to anterior knee pain, instability, and dysfunction following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Information about specific factors leading to anterior knee pain and dysfunction is currently limited. Changes in patellofemoral joint offset (PFO) refers to a mismatch between the preoperative and postoperative anteroposterior geometry of the patellofemoral joint. It remains unclear whether these changes lead to adverse outcomes in TKA...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Laurie Anne Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Mark Lafave
PURPOSE: The WARPS/STAID classification employs clinical assessment of presenting features and anatomic characteristics to identify two distinct subsets of patients within the patellofemoral instability population. The purpose of this study was to further define the specific demographics and the prevalence of risky pathoanatomies in patients classified as either WARPS or STAID presenting with recurrent patellofemoral instability. A secondary purpose was to further validate the WARPS/STAID classification with the Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII), the Marx activity scale and the Patellar Instability Severity Score (ISS)...
October 7, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
John J Elias, Michael J Kelly, Kathryn E Smith, Kenneth A Gall, Jack Farr
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is performed to prevent recurrent instability, but errors in femoral fixation can elevate graft tension. HYPOTHESIS: Errors related to femoral fixation will overconstrain the patella and increase medial patellofemoral pressures. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Five knees with patellar instability were represented with computational models...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Devgan A, Rohilla R, Jain A, Mehta H, Singh S
INTRODUCTION: Locked vertical patellar dislocations are rare and pose a therapeutic challenge. This case is more unusual, as the patient was a known case of recurrent patellar dislocation and presented with an atraumatic locked and vertically rotated patellar dislocation. This type of presentation has never been reported in literature to the best of our knowledge. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old healthy male child with previous history of recurrent lateral dislocation of patella presented to accident & emergency department with complaints of inability to walk or bear weight on his left lower limb after he spontaneously dislocated his patella while running on uneven ground...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
G Pemmaraju, J Bassett, R Abbas, G Nagra, S Chugh, E Mughal
Patellofemoral instability is multifactorial and is associated with pathomechanics secondary to anatomical variance. Surgical management of this problem must be tailored to each patient and a thorough clinical and radiological assessment of the anatomical alignment should be carried out pre-operatively. The aim of this study is to assess the role of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction combined with tibial tuberosity transfer in patients with increased tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Johann Beaudreuil, Jean Marie Coudreuse, Christelle N Guyen, Philippe Deat, Aurore Chabaud, Bruno Pereira, Alain Lorenzo, Frédéric Sailhan, François Rannou, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm to help orthosis prescription for knee osteoarthritis patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using a qualitative analysis on Pubmed databases, Cochrane Library and Pedro from 1966 to 2015, using the keywords "knee osteoarthritis", "orthosis" with recommendations and highest quality trials. Development of a preliminary version of the algorithm using data from the literature and taking into account experience of different health professionals involved in the management of osteoarthritis patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Armin Arshi, Jeremiah R Cohen, Jeffrey C Wang, Sharon L Hame, David R McAllister, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patellofemoral instability has evolved as our understanding of the relevant pathoanatomy has improved. In light of these developments, current practice patterns and management trends have likely changed to reflect these advancements; however, this has not been evaluated in a formal study. PURPOSE: To determine nationwide patient demographics, surgical trends, and postoperative complications associated with the operative management of patellar instability surgery...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Marie Askenberger, Per-Mats Janarv, Throstur Finnbogason, Elizabeth A Arendt
BACKGROUND: The incidence of primary lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) in children aged 9 to 14 years is 0.6 to 1.2 per 1000. Causation is assumed to be multifactorial, including anatomic variants of the patellofemoral (PF) joint that result in a higher risk of LPD. No publication has compared the morphology of the PF joint and anatomic patellar instability risk factors (APIFs) in a primary LPD population versus controls, defining children by skeletal maturity. PURPOSE: To characterize the PF morphology and APIFs (trochlear dysplasia, abnormal lateral patellar tilt, elevated tibial tubercle-trochlear groove [TT-TG] distance, patella alta) through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements in skeletally immature children with and without a primary LPD and to identify (potential) distinctive differences between these 2 groups...
September 9, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Marco Corgiat Loia, Stefania Vanni, Federica Rosso, Davide Edoardo Bonasia, Matteo Bruzzone, Federico Dettoni, Roberto Rossi
Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is a surgical procedure that aims to correct the weight-bearing axis of the knee, moving the loads laterally from the medial compartment. Conventional indications for OWHTO are medial compartment osteoarthritis and varus malalignment of the knee; recently OWHTO has been used successfully in the treatment of double and triple varus. OWHTO, in contrast to closing wedge high tibial osteotomy, does not require fibular osteotomy or peroneal nerve dissection, or lead to disruption of the proximal tibiofibular joint and bone stock loss...
April 2016: Joints
Eric Hohn, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is one of several surgical procedures used to treat patellofemoral instability. Use of allograft tissue can preserve autogenous tissue and may be preferable in patients with connective tissue disorders or ligamentous laxity. Although there are successful reports in adults, it is unclear if the use of allograft tissue in MPFL reconstruction can restore patellofemoral stability in children and adolescents. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does allograft tissue in MPFL reconstruction in pediatric and adolescent patients restore patellar stability? (2) What complications were associated with allograft MPFL reconstructions in children and adolescents? METHODS: Between June 2012 and August 2015, one surgeon (NKP) performed 26 MPFL reconstructions in 23 patients with gracilis allograft for traumatic patellar instability...
September 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mitch Beckert, Dylan Crebs, Michael Nieto, Yubo Gao, John Albright
AIM: To study patient outcomes after surgical correction for iatrogenic patellar instability. METHODS: This retrospective study looked at 17 patients (19 knees) suffering from disabling medial patellar instability following lateral release surgery. All patients underwent lateral patellofemoral ligament (LPFL) reconstruction by a single surgeon. Assessments in all 19 cases included functional outcome scores, range of motion, and assessment for the presence of apprehension sign of the patella to determine if LPFL reconstruction surgery was successful at restoring patellofemoral stability...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Kars P Valkering, Aysha Rajeev, Nick Caplan, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Deiary F Kader
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for recurrent patellar instability has gained popularity, and anatomical and biomechanical studies have recently altered our operative techniques. The aim of this study was to report the clinical outcome of this new anatomical MPFL reconstructive technique and investigate whether correlating factors could be identified. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2012, a total of 31 consecutive patients underwent MPFL reconstruction using an autologous gracilis graft and anatomical tunnel placement...
August 26, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Shinichi Kuriyama, Masahiro Ishikawa, Shinichiro Nakamura, Moritoshi Furu, Hiromu Ito, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: There are several causes of patient dissatisfaction after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study hypothesized that noise occurring in the knee would worsen patient satisfaction after TKA. METHODS: We mailed a newly developed questionnaire to 103 consecutive participants who were followed for one year, resulting in data from 61 knees in 60 patients (47 women and 13 men, mean age 73 years) who underwent cruciate-substituting TKA. We evaluated postoperative range of motion, knee instability, and the 2011 Knee Society Score in terms of noise generation after TKA...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jaap S Luttjeboer, Menno R Bénard, Koen C Defoort, Gijs G van Hellemondt, Ate B Wymenga
BACKGROUND: Given the mixed outcome after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for instability in the literature and the relative high recurrence of instability, we were interested in the outcome of a cohort of patients operated for various types of clinical instability and with different types of implants. METHODS: A total of 77 patients with unstable TKA were completely revised (19 hinged and 58 condylar implants). We classified the patients in 3 instability groups based on the literature: (1) anterior-posterior flexion instability (N = 29); (2) medial-lateral flexion instability (N = 16); and (3) multiplane instability (N = 32)...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Riccardo G Gobbi, Marco K Demange, Luiz Francisco Rodrigues de Ávila, José de Arimatéia Batista Araújo Filho, Ramon Alfredo Moreno, Marco Antônio Gutierrez, Marina de Sá Rebelo, Luis Eduardo Passarelli Tírico, José Ricardo Pécora, Gilberto Luis Camanho
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction offers good clinical results with a very low rate of instability recurrence. However, its in vivo effect on patellar tracking is not clearly known. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of MPFL reconstruction on patellar tracking using dynamic 320-detector-row CT. METHODS: Ten patients with patellofemoral instability referred to isolated MPFL reconstruction surgery were selected and subjected to dynamic CT before and ≥6 months after surgery...
August 20, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Mitch W Beckert, Jay C Albright, Jeff Zavala, Justin Chang, John P Albright
BACKGROUND: The J-sign is defined as lateral patellar translation over the anterolateral femur proximal to the trochlear groove during active leg extension. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques allow for quantification of the J-sign using a variety of published indices. However, to date, clinical quantification of the J-sign has not been reliably described. The purpose of the present study is to assess the accuracy of clinically quantifying the J-sign compared with objective MRI data...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Estrella Borrego Paredes, Pablo Barrena Sánchez, David Serrano Toledano, Andrés I Puente González, Salvador Fornell Pérez, Gabriel Domecq Fernández de Bobadilla
BACKGROUND: The loss of anatomic references and bone stock turns unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) revision surgery difficult, and according to some authors, it is technically as challenging as a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) revision surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 559 Oxford medial UKA was performed between 2007 and 2013. Nineteen knees were revised to TKA for reasons other than infection, most commonly for osteoarthritis progression. RESULTS: The most frequent cause of failure in our series was osteoarthritis progression (10 cases, 52...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Peter Kaiser, René Attal, Mark Kammerer, Michael Thauerer, Lea Hamberger, Raul Mayr, Werner Schmoelz
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the feasibility of six different CT-based measurement techniques for establishing an indication for derotational osteotomy in the cases of patellar instability or femoral fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of 52 single human cadaver femora were measured using six different torsion measurement techniques (described by Waidelich, Murphy, and Yoshioka on transverse images and Hernandez, Jarrett, and Yoshioka on oblique images)...
September 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Xiaozuo Zheng, Tong Li, Juan Wang, Jiangtao Dong, Shijun Gao
BACKGROUND: The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the main static stabilizer of the medial knee. The surgical treatment was recommended in cases with serious medial collateral ligament insufficiency combined with multi-ligament injuries and chronic symptomatic medial instability. Several surgical techniques have been described for the MCL reconstruction, while potential problems including donor site morbidity, complicated procedure, and high risk of femoral tunnel collision were reported...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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