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Pacing basketball

Andrew M Jones, Anni Vanhatalo
The curvilinear relationship between power output and the time for which it can be sustained is a fundamental and well-known feature of high-intensity exercise performance. This relationship 'levels off' at a 'critical power' (CP) that separates power outputs that can be sustained with stable values of, for example, muscle phosphocreatine, blood lactate, and pulmonary oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), from power outputs where these variables change continuously with time until their respective minimum and maximum values are reached and exercise intolerance occurs...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson
This report was designed to investigate the role of effective attention control in flow states, by developing an experimental approach to the study of flow. A challenge-skill balance manipulation was applied to self-paced netball and basketball shooting tasks, with point of gaze recorded through mobile eye tracking. Quiet eye was used to index optimal control of visual attention. While the experimental manipulation was found to have no effect, quiet eye was associated with the experience of flow. Furthermore, mediation revealed an indirect effect of quiet eye on performance through flow experience...
August 2017: Cognitive Processing
Carlos Puente, Javier Abián-Vicén, Francisco Areces, Roberto López, Juan Del Coso
Puente, C, Abián-Vicén, J, Areces, F, López, R, and Del Coso, J. Physical and physiological demands of experienced male basketball players during a competitive game. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 956-962, 2017-The aim of this investigation was to analyze the physical and physiological demands of experienced basketball players during a real and competitive game. Twenty-five well-trained basketball players (8 guards, 8 forwards, and 9 centers) played a competitive game on an outdoor court. Instantaneous running speeds, the number of body impacts above 5 g, and the number of accelerations and decelerations were assessed by means of a 15-Hz global Positioning System accelerometer unit...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Aaron T Scanlan, Patrick S Tucker, Ben J Dascombe, Daniel M Berkelmans, Matthew I Hiskens, Vincent J Dalbo
Examination of activity demands and stoppage durations across game periods provides useful insight concerning fatigue, tactical strategies, and playing pace in team sports such as basketball. Therefore, the aims of this study were to quantify and compare game activity fluctuations across quarters in professional and semiprofessional basketball players. Video-based time-motion analyses were conducted across multiple games. Frequencies, total durations (in seconds), total distances (in meters), and mean velocities (in meters per second) were calculated for low-intensity movement (≤3 m·s), high-intensity movement (>3 m·s), shuffling, and dribbling activity...
November 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
M Workman, T W McDade, L S Adair, C W Kuzawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adult skeletal muscle mass (SMM) protects against type 2 diabetes, but little is known about its developmental antecedents. We examined whether pace of early weight gain predicted adult SMM in a birth cohort from Cebu City, Philippines. In addition, we examined whether increases in SMM associated with adult muscle-building exercise varied according to the early growth. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data came from 1472 participants of the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey...
December 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
James L Pace, Patrick C McCulloch, Enesi O Momoh, Adam Y Nasreddine, Mininder S Kocher
BACKGROUND: Displaced tibial tubercle apophyseal fractures in children and adolescents are typically treated with closed reduction or open reduction with anterior to posterior screw fixation. Since the original classification by Watson-Jones and Ogden, an important variant with a posterior metaphyseal fracture line (type IV) was later described. However, there has been a lack of information regarding type IV tibial tubercle apophyseal fractures and its implications for surgical fixation...
December 2013: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Maman Paul, Kanupriya Garg, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
PURPOSE: Biofeedback is an emerging tool to acquire and facilitate physiological and psychological domains of the human body like response time and concentration. Thus, the present study aims at determining the reconstitution of psychomotor and performance skills in basketball players through biofeedback training. METHODS: Basketball players (N=30) with different levels of expertise (university, state and national) aged 18-28 years (both male and female) were randomly divided into 3 equal groups - Experimental group, Placebo group and Control group...
March 2012: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Maman Paul, Kanupriya Garg
Coping with pressure and anxiety is an ineluctable demand of sports performance. Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback (BFB) shall be used as a tool for self regulating physiological responses resulting in improved psycho physiological interactions. For further analysis, the present study has been designed to examine the relationship between anxiety and performance and also effectiveness of biofeedback protocol to create stress-eliciting situation in basketball players. Thirty basketball players of university level and above (both male and female) aged 18-28 years, who scored a minimum of 20 in state trait anxiety inventory, were randomly divided into three equal groups- Experimental (Biofeedback) group, Placebo group and Control (No Treatment) group...
June 2012: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Francesco Rotondi, Luciano Marino, Tonino Lanzillo, Fiore Manganelli, Paolo Zeppilli
We report the case of a 30-year-old basketball player with asymptomatic, nocturnal ventricular pauses of >3,000 ms, the longest being ∼12,000 ms, who was misdiagnosed with Mobitz type II second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. Conversely, the tracings were characteristic of a vagally mediated AV block, a phenomenon first described by Massie and called "apparent Mobitz type II AV block." Although the patient was asymptomatic with ventricular pauses occurring only at night, it was decided to implant a permanent pacemaker to prevent neurological damage or life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias resulting from repeated, abnormally prolonged ventricular pauses...
July 2012: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Jianyu Wang, Wenhao Liu, Jeffrey Moffit
The purpose of this study was to describe skills and offensive tactics frequently used in pick-up basketball games. 65 participants were recruited from public basketball courts. An observational instrument was developed to analyze the performances of pick-up games. Participants' performances were videotaped and coded. Results indicated that the passing skills most frequently observed in the games were chest pass, overhead pass, and bounce pass. For dribbling, crossover dribble and change-of-pace dribble were frequently observed...
October 2009: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Thomas H Trojian, Rosemary B Ragle
Women's basketball has changed over time. It is a faster paced game than it was 30 years ago. Greatplayers, like Anne Meyers,who was the first, and only, woman to be signed to an NBA contract, would agree today's game is different. The game is played mostly "below the rim" but with players like Candice Parker, Sylvia Fowles and Maya Moore able to dunk the ball, the game is still changing. The one thing that remains constant in basketball, especially women's basketball, is injury. The majority of injuries in women's basketball are similar to those in men's basketball...
March 2008: Connecticut Medicine
Chris Lonsdale, Jimmy T M Tam
The effectiveness of pre-performance routines on skilled performance in a self-paced skill has yet to be verified. In this study, we examine the importance of temporal and behavioural consistency in these routines. The duration and specific pattern of behaviours exhibited before each free throw (n = 284) were observed during 14 National Basketball Association play-off games. An intra-individual standardized score was calculated for each shot's duration. Each player's dominant behavioural routine was identified and each shot was classified as "sequence followed" or "sequence not followed"...
February 1, 2008: Journal of Sports Sciences
Lindsay B Baker, Kelly A Dougherty, Mosuk Chow, W Larry Kenney
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of 1, 2, 3, and 4% dehydration (DEH) versus euhydration (EUH) on basketball performance in adult male players. METHODS: Seventeen 17- to 28-yr-old male basketball players completed 3 h of interval treadmill walking (40 degrees C and 20% relative humidity) with or without fluid replacement. Subjects completed six trials in random order: 1) EUH with a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CES), 2) EUH control (flavored water with 0% carbohydrate and 18 mM sodium), 3) 1% DEH, 4) 2% DEH, 5) 3% DEH, and 6) 4% DEH...
July 2007: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
James E Graham, J Douglas Boatwright, Martha J Hunskor, Dan C Howell
This study was conducted to evaluate the difference between active and passive recovery methods during successive suicide runs by Division I women's collegiate basketball athletes (n = 14). Testing consisted of sprinting suicides on the basketball court using both traditional (short) and reverse-sequence (long) protocols. Two 90-second recovery methods were used, passive (standing still) and active (slow self-paced jogging). Although successive run time was reduced by a mean of 0.55 seconds after passive recovery relative to active, it did not reach significance (p = 0...
May 2003: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Patrick L Jacobs, Stephen E Olvey, Brad M Johnson, Kelly Cohn
UNLABELLED: High-speed auto racing has been demonstrated to produce accelerated heart rate (HR) during competition. However, it has not been determined whether the increase in HR was due to physical work efforts or a result of emotional stress. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the physiological responses associated with open-wheel automobile driving at competitive speeds. METHODS: Oxygen consumption and HR were assessed in seven professional automobile racing drivers during two incrementally paced driving sessions...
December 2002: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
S Druyan, A Dani, G Hadadi
Two studies were performed to examine the effect of the complexity of a physical task on the estimation of the time required for its performance. Different paradigms for the estimation of time (prospective vs retrospective) were used with different methods of estimation (reproduction vs verbal estimation). In Study 1, 32 pairs of adults were asked to throw a ball to each other in different ways. The two groups were distinguished by the motor and cognitive changes required in moving from one task to the next...
December 1995: Perceptual and Motor Skills
K D Coutts
The purpose of this study was to measure the wheelchair drag and maximal sprint performance abilities of wheelchair basketball players and to make comparisons between male and female players. A group of nine male and eight female wheelchair basketball players attending a national training camp consented to serve as subjects. Each subject completed six coast-down trials at speeds from a walking pace (1 to 1.5 m/s) to maximal for determining wheelchair drag and then performed four maximal sprint trials from a stationary start over the length (35 m) of the gymnasium floor...
1994: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
L A Léger, D Mercier, C Gadoury, J Lambert
A maximal multistage 20 m shuttle run test was designed to determine the maximal aerobic power of schoolchildren, healthy adults attending fitness class and athletes performing in sports with frequent stops and starts (e.g. basketball, fencing and so on). Subjects run back and forth on a 20 m course and must touch the 20 m line; at the same time a sound signal is emitted from a prerecorded tape. Frequency of the sound signals is increased 0.5 km h-1 each minute from a starting speed of 8.5 km h-1. When the subject can no longer follow the pace, the last stage number announced is used to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) (Y, ml kg-1 min-1) from the speed (X, km h-1) corresponding to that stage (speed = 8 + 0...
1988: Journal of Sports Sciences
E Rechavia, B Strasberg, J Agmon
A 27-year-old trained athlete with recurrent syncope of suspected vaso-vagal origin was evaluated. A 60 degrees head-up tilt table test reproducibly triggered the patient's spontaneous symptoms and allowed the investigation of different modalities of therapy (medical and pacing) in preventing syncopal episodes. The head-up tilt table test may be a useful tool in the evaluation of syncope of vaso-vagal origin, helping to determine the initial precipitating vagal event and the effect of therapy.
March 1989: Chest
T Patee, M Frewen, J Beer
Dark-eyed individuals perform reactive activities better while light-eyed individuals generally perform self-paced activities better. There were 68 (21 dark- and 47 light-eyed) elementary school children who shot 5 practice and then 15 free throws from the free-throw line in a high school gym. There were no differences in performance between light- and dark-eyed children, but boys scored more free throws than girls.
December 1991: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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